ARITZA Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz
meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARRIOLA Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri
"stone" and -ola
"place of, house".
BURKE English, Irish
Derived from Middle English burgh
meaning "fortress, fortification, castle". It was brought to Ireland in the 12th century by the Norman invader William FitzAdelm de Burgo.
Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
LAMAR French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare
meaning "the pool".
MENDEL Jewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
NORRIS (1) English, Scottish
Means "from the north" from Old French norreis
. It either denoted someone who originated in the north or someone who lived in the northern part of a settlement.
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann