Occupational name for one who practiced archery, from Latin arcus
"bow" (via Old French).
Occupational name for a flag carrier, derived from Old French baniere
meaning "banner", ultimately of Germanic origin.
Denoted a person who worked or lived in a barn. The word barn
is derived from Old English bere
"barley" and ærn
Means "brass worker", derived from Old English bræs
From Irish Ó Buachalla
meaning "descendant of Buachaill", a nickname meaning "cowherd, servant".
From the ecclesiastical usage of canon
, referring to a church official or servant who worked in a clergy house.
From the occupation, derived from Middle English carpentier
(ultimately from Latin carpentarius
meaning "carriage maker").
Occupational name for a person who operated a cart to transport goods, from Norman French caretier
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen
(ultimately from Latin decanus
meaning "chief of ten").
Occupational name for a maker or seller of woolen cloth, from Anglo-Norman French draper
(Old French drapier
, an agent derivative of drap
Occupational name for a tax collector, from Middle English ferme
"rent, revenue, provision", from Medieval Latin firma
, ultimately from Old English feorm
. This word did not acquire its modern meaning until the 17th century.
Occupational surname for one who was a gardener, from Old French jardin
meaning "garden" (of Frankish origin).
From Old French gernier
meaning "granary", a derivative of Latin granum
meaning "grain". This name could refer to a person who worked at a garnary or lived near one.
Means "deer, hart" in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
meaning "sword" in Hungarian. It could have been applied to soldiers, sword makers, or one with a pugnacious nature.
Occupational name meaning "servant, page". It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδιον (paidion)
meaning "little boy".
Means "keeper of the park" in Middle English. It is an occupational name for a man who was the gamekeeper at the medieval park.
Occupational name for a make of saddles, from Old English sadol
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrilat)
Means "metalworker, blacksmith" from Old English smiþ
, related to smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
Means "grocer" in Italian, derived from Latin speciarius
Occupational name for a fuller of cloth, derived from Old English tucian
meaning "offend, torment".
Occupational name for a tiler of roofs, derived from Old English tigele
"tile". A famous bearer of this name was American president John Tyler (1790-1862).
Occupational name for a weaver, derived from Old English wefan
Occupational name meaning "weaver", from Old English webba
, a derivative of wefan
Occupational name for a forester, meaning "ward of the wood" in Old English.