Jewish Submitted Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AARONSONJewish
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
ABOULAFIAJewish
Variant spelling of Abulafia, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
ABRAMCZYKPolish, Jewish, Belarusian
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRAMOVRussian, Jewish
Means "son of Abram".
ABRAMSKIJewish
Means "son of Abram."
ABRESCHGerman, Dutch, Jewish
From a pet form of the Biblical name Abraham.
ABULAFIAJudeo-Spanish
Sephardi Jewish surname from Arabic أبو العافية‎‎ (Abū l-ʿāfiya), a combination of أبو (abū) meaning "father (of)", اَل (al) "the", and عافية (ʿāfiya) "health, wellbeing" (see the given name Aafia).
ADAMSKIPolish, Jewish
Originally denoted someone who came from the Polish village Adamy, a Polish village Adamowo, the Polish village Adamki, or the Belorussian city Adamki. These locations are derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMSKYJewish
Variant spelling of Adamski.
ADIHebrew (Rare)
Means "jewel; ornament" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname.
AGAMHebrew (Modern)
Rare variant of the surname Agami, which came from the Hebrew name Agam, means "lake".
AGAMIHebrew (Modern)
From the given name Agam, means "lake" in Hebrew.
AGUILARSpanish, Catalan, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places called Aguilar, from Latin aquilare "haunt of eagles" (a derivative of aquila "eagle"), for example Aguilar de Campo in Palencia, Aguilar de la Frontera in Córdoba, and Aguilar de Segarra in Catalonia.
AHARONIHebrew
From the given name Aharon.
AKSAMITPolish, Ukrainian, Jewish, Belarusian, Czech
Derived from Polish aksamit meaning "velvet".
ALAZRAKISpanish, Judeo-Spanish
Means "the blue one" from Arabic أَزْرَق (ʾazraq) meaning "blue".
ALBAZJewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
ALBOSpanish, Italian, Jewish
It is derived from the name Albert, Alberto, Albino, and Alberico.... [more]
ALFESJewish
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
ALMOGHebrew
From the given name Almog, means "coral" in Hebrew.
ALPERTEnglish, Jewish, German, Dutch
A variant of the Jewish surname Heilprin or Halpern. In German and Dutch usage, it is derived from the given name Albert. One famous bearer is Richard Alpert from the ABC TV show LOST.
ALTGerman, Jewish
From German alt ‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
ALTERMANYiddish
It literally means "old man".
AMBERGGerman, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
AMIRHebrew
From the given name Amir (2).
AMITHebrew (Modern)
From a first name which means "friend", "companion", "colleague", or from a nickname given to a friendly person or a colleague.
AMRAMHebrew, Jewish
From the given name Amram.
ANDRULEVIČUSJewish (Russified, Modern, Rare), Jewish (Anglicized, Modern, Rare)
"Ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
ANDRULEWICZLithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
Originally Andrulevičus or Andrulevičius, it means "ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičiuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
ANTURYGreek, Hebrew
Haifa, Israel.... [more]
APPELGerman, Dutch, Jewish, Low German, Medieval Dutch, Yiddish
1. German: from the personal name Appel, a pet form of Apprecht (common especially in Thuringia and Franconia), itself a variant of Albrecht. ... [more]
APTGerman, Yiddish
German: variant of Abt.... [more]
ARGAMANHebrew
Means "crimson" in Hebrew.
ARIELHebrew
From the given name Ariel.
ASHERHebrew
From the given name Asher.
ASHKENAZIHebrew, Jewish
From the name of a kingdom referenced in the Hebrew Bible named Ashkenaz, also used to refer to Jews living in Europe or Slavic countries. The name itself is mostly likely derived from Assyrian Aškūza, in turn, the Assyrians probably based the name off of that of the Scythians.
ASTRUCJudeo-Provençal
Derived from Occitan or Provençal astruc meaning "happy" (see Astruc).
AUERBACHGerman, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer).
AVIGDORIJewish (Rare)
Surname variation of Avigdor, used to distinguish from said first name Avigdor.
AVITALHebrew
From the given name Avital.
AVIVHebrew
From the given name Aviv, also meaning "spring (the season)" in Hebrew.
AVIVIHebrew
Means "springlike" or "of the spring" in Hebrew. (see Aviv)
AVNERHebrew
From the given name Avner.
AVNIHebrew (Modern)
Means "my stone" in Hebrew, a variant of the surname Even or a diminutive of Avner.
AZARHebrew
Means "(he) helped" in Hebrew, a verb form of Ezer or Ezra.
AZOULAYJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish surname of disputed meaning; it may be derived from French azur or Spanish azul both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Hebrew Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū) meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
BABUSHKINRussian, Jewish
Derived from Russian бабушка (babushka) meaning "grandmother".
BACHARACHASJewish
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
BĄKOWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bąkowa, Bąkowice, Bąkowiec, or Bąkowo.
BALASKAGreek, Jewish, Polish
Feminine form of Balaskas (Greek) or Balaski (Jewish), it is used by Greeks and Slavic Jews.
BARHebrew
From Aramaic בְּרָא (b'rā) meaning "son, child" or Hebrew בָּר (bar) meaning "grain, cereal".
BARASCHHebrew
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
BAR GILHebrew (Modern)
Combination of Bar and Gil, with the meaning of "son of Gil" or "one who is joyful".
BAR HAIMHebrew
Combination of Bar and Haim, with the meaning of "son of Chayyim".
BARKAIHebrew
Means ''morning star'' in Hebrew.
BAR SHAULHebrew
Combination of Bar and Shaul, with the meaning of "son of Saul".
BAR YOSEFHebrew
Combination of Bar and Yosef, with the meaning of "son of Joseph".
BARZELAIHebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
BARZELAIJDutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzelay. Also compare Barzilaij. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 6 bearers in 1947 and less than 5 bearers in 2007.
BARZELAYHebrew
Variant form of Barzilai via Barzelai. A known bearer of this surname is American-Israeli musician Eef Barzelay (b. 1970).
BARZILAIHebrew
Thought by some to be a patronymic surname meaning "son of Zilai", but this is actually incorrect. The surname actually derives from Barzillai, the name of a character from the Talmud. His name meant "man of iron" or "iron-hearted", derived from Hebrew barzel "iron"... [more]
BARZILAIJDutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzilay. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
BARZILAYHebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
BASKINJewish
Means "son of Baske", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
BELFERJewish
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer, ba(he)lfer "teacher’s assistant".
BELINYiddish
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELZERJewish
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BEN-AHARONHebrew
Means "son of Aaron" in Hebrew.
BEN ARIHebrew
Means "son of Ari (1)" in Hebrew.
BEN ASHERHebrew
Means "son of Asher" in Hebrew.
BENAYOUNJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Moroccan Jewish surname meaning "son of Ayoun", based off of an Amazigh (Berber) transcription of the Hebrew personal name Chayyim.
BEN DAVIDHebrew
Means "son of David" in Hebrew.
BEN DAYANHebrew
Means "son of Dayan (a judge)" in Hebrew.
BEN DORHebrew
Means “son of Dor” in Hebrew.
BEN EZRAHebrew
Means "son of Ezra" in Hebrew.
BEN HAIMHebrew
Means "son of Chayyim" in Hebrew.
BENHAIMJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Haim used by Jews in North Africa.
BEN ISRAELHebrew
Means "son of Israel" in Hebrew.
BEN MENACHEMHebrew
Means "son of Menachem" in Hebrew.
BEN MOSHEHebrew
Means "son of Moshe" in Hebrew.
BEN NATANHebrew
Means "son of Natan" in Hebrew. (see Nathan)
BENSAÏDArabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Sa'id" in Arabic and Hebrew, used in Morocco and Algeria.
BEN SHALOMHebrew
Means "son of peace" in Hebrew.
BEN SHIMONHebrew
Means "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BEN SHUSHANHebrew
Means "son of the lily" in Hebrew.
BEN SIMONHebrew
Means "son of Simon" or "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BENSIMONJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Simon used by Jews in North Africa.
BENSOUSSANJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Maghrebi Jewish surname meaning "son of Shoshannah".
BEN TZVIHebrew
Means "son of Tzvi" in Hebrew.
BEN YA'AKOVHebrew
Means "son of Yaakov" or "son of Jacob" in Hebrew.
BEN YAIRHebrew
Means “son of Yair” in Hebrew.
BEN YOSEFHebrew
Means "son of Yosef" in Hebrew.
BEN ZE'EVHebrew
Means "son of Ze'ev" in Hebrew.
BEN ZIONHebrew
Means "son of Zion" in Hebrew.
BERLIŃSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Berlin.
BERMANYiddish
It literally means "bearman".
BICKELGerman, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]
BIELERGerman, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel- ‘white’.... [more]
BIELINSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitual surname for someone from Bielin in Volhynia or Bielina, Bielino, or Bieliny in Poland.
BLAUSTEINGerman, Jewish
Ornamental name from German blau "blue" and Stein "stone", i.e. lapis lazuli.
BLOCHJewish
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
BLOCKJewish
Variant of Bloch.
BLOOMINGDALEJewish (Americanized)
Americanized form of German Blumenthal or its Dutch cognate Bloemendaal.
BLUMBARGYiddish
It literally means "bloom barrow".
BLUMENBERGJewish
Ornamental name composed of German Blume "flower" and Berg "mountain, hill".
BLUMSHTEYNYiddish
Original Yiddish form of Blumstein.
BLUTHGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
BOBROWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
BOCKGerman, Upper German, Jewish, English
Altered spelling of German Böck (see Boeck) or Bach.... [more]
BOEHMGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Ethnic name for a native or inhabitant of Bohemia (now the western part of the Czech Republic), from Böhmen, German name of Bohemia (Middle High German Böheim, Beheim). This derives its name from the tribal name Baii + heim "homeland"; the Baii were a tribe, probably Celtic, who inhabited the region in the 1st century A.D. and were gradually displaced by Slavic settlers in the period up to the 5th century... [more]
BOGUSŁAWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Boguslaw or Boguslawice, from the personal name Bogusław (composed of Slavic Bog "God" and slav "glory").
BONAPARTEItalian (Rare), French (Rare), Judeo-Italian (Rare), American (Rare), Caribbean (Rare)
Variant and French form of Buonaparte. This is also a Jewish surname. A notable bearer was Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1820), who ruled as Emperor of France from 1804 through 1814 and again briefly in 1815, who was of Italian (Tuscan) ancestry... [more]
BORKOWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór 'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek + the possessive suffix -ow.
BORSOKRussian, Jewish, German (Austrian)
Pronouced "Boar-sook"... [more]
BORTNICKUkrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a beekeeper, Ukrainian bortnik.
BOUAZIZArabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of Aziz" in Arabic and Hebrew, used in Algeria and Tunisia. It is also used by North African Sephardic Jews.
BRACHAHebrew
From the given name Bracha, means "blessing" in Hebrew.
BRAININJewish
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl, literally "little brown one" (cf. Breindel).
BRANDISGerman, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis (1976-2003).... [more]
BRAVERMANJewish, Ukrainian, Polish
A fairly common Jewish surname from Ukraine,Poland,and in some cases Russia.
BREINESYiddish
From the German braun "brown".
BRENARIJewish, Italian
Jewish family and possible place-name in N.E.Italy in 1500's.
BRICKIrish (Anglicized), English, German, Jewish
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bruic ‘descendant of Broc’, i.e. ‘Badger’ (sometimes so translated) or Ó Bric ‘descendant of Breac’, a personal name meaning ‘freckled’... [more]
BROOKGerman, Jewish
Americanized spelling of German BRUCH and Jewish BRUCK.
BROYNSHTEYNYiddish
It literally means "brownstone".
BRUCKJewish
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
BRUCKERJewish
From Polish brukarz or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
CARBAJALSpanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CARLINJewish (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Karlin.
CASTIGLIONEItalian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio (genitive castellionis) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
CEBREIROJewish, Portuguese
Cebreiro is an olive tree.
CHASENJewish
From the Hebrew חזן "cantor".
CHERKASSKYRussian, Jewish
Derived from Russian Черкес (Cherkes) meaning "Circassian", referring to a Muslim ethnic group native to the North Caucasus. This was the name of a noble Russian family of ethnic Circassian origin.
CHERNOFFRussian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of Chernov, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
CHETRITJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Form of Shitrit used by French and North African Jews.
CHOURAQUIJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
North African Jewish surname meaning "the one who comes from the east", ultimately from Arabic شَرْقِيّ (šarqiyy) meaning "eastern". It is etymologically related to Cherkaoui.
CHRYSLERGerman, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
CITRINEJewish
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin "lemon tree".
CONNICKYiddish
Variation on Koenig.
CORTPolish, Russian, Jewish
Derived from the surname "Kutalczuk", "Kotelchik", "Cuttlechuck", or "Kuttlechuck"
CRESSGerman, Jewish, Belarusian
The maiden name of my Great Grandmother.... [more]
DAUMGerman, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum "tap", "plug", or dume, German Daumen "thumb".
D'AVIGDORJewish
Means "son of Avigdor" (a Jewish personal name, from Hebrew avi-Gedor "father of Gedor").
DAYANHebrew
Means "judge" in Hebrew.
DESSERJewish
Habitational name from the city of Dessau in Germany.
DEUTCHGerman (Rare), Jewish (Rare)
"German". Used as a last name for those who had none in the 17-18th century. Continues to today, albeit rarely.
DIAMANTHebrew, Jewish
Jewish surname derived from French and German diamant meaning "diamond", used to denote a jeweler.
DIAMONDJewish
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant, Demant "diamond", or Yiddish dimet or diment, from the Middle High German diemant (via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
DICKERMANEnglish, German, Jewish
Possibly derived from Middle High German dic(ke) "strong, thick" and Mann "man, male, husband".
DORHebrew (Modern)
From the given name Dor, means "generation" in Hebrew.
DORONHebrew
From the given name Doron.
DREYFUSFrench, German, Jewish
French-influenced variant of DREYFUSS, popular amongst people of Alsatian Jewish descent.
DREYFUSSGerman, Jewish
Originates from the German city of Trier. The Latin name for the city was "Treveris," whose pronunciation eventually developed into Dreyfuss. The spelling variants tend to correspond to the country the family was living in at the time the spelling was standardized: the use of one "s" tends to be more common among people of French origin, while the use of two tends to be found among those of German descent
DWORKINJewish
From a pet-form of the Yiddish female personal name Dvoyre, from Hebrew Devorah (source of English Deborah), literally "bee". The surname was borne by US feminist Andrea Dworkin (1946-2005).
EDELSTEINJewish
Ornamental name derived from German Edelstein "gemstone; precious stone".
EHRENBERGJewish (Anglicized, Rare, Archaic), German
"In German it means 'mountain of honor'"
EHRENREICHGerman, Jewish, Yiddish
Jewish/Yiddish German ornamental surname meaning “Rich in honour”
EICHHORNGerman, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich(e) ‘oak’ + horn ‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn ‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno, a compound of eih ‘oak’ + urno, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno ‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EINSTEINGerman, Jewish
From German ein meaning “one” and stein meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
EISENGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen ‘iron’, German Eisen. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen ‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn.
EISENBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "iron hill" from German isen meaning "iron" and berg meaning "hill".
EISENBERGERGerman, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
ELBAZJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant transcription of Albaz used by Moroccan Sephardic Jews.
ELIMELECHHebrew
Means "My God is a King" in Hebrew.
ELIYAHUHebrew
From the given name Eliyahu.
ELMALEHJudeo-Spanish, Northern African
Moroccan Jewish surname derived from Arabic مالح (malîh) either meaning "good, handsome, charming" or "salty, savoury".
EMERJewish, Anglo-Saxon
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name from Yiddish emer ‘pail’, ‘bucket’. ... [more]
ENGLANDERGerman, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
EPLBOYMYiddish
It means "apple tree", denoting either someone who planted them or lived near them.
ERBERJewish, German
Meaning uncertain. Either a habitational name for someone living in a place named Erb or Erp, a name for a owner of a farm named Erbhof (derived from MIddle High German erbære "honorable, noble"), or derived from the given name Erpo.
EREZHebrew (Modern)
Means "cedar" in Hebrew.... [more]
EULERGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære (an agent derivative of the dialect word ul, aul "pot", from Latin olla).
EVENHebrew
Means "stone" in Hebrew.
EZERHebrew
Means "helping" or "to help" in Hebrew.
FAGINJewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): variant spelling of Feigin.
FALCONJewish
Possibly derived from the German Falke, meaning "falcon."
FALLOWEnglish, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe (Old English f(e)alg). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FAYERMANYiddish
It literally means "fireman".
FAYNSHTEYNYiddish
It literally means "fine stone".
FEDERMANYiddish
It literally means "feather man".
FEFERBARGYiddish
It literally means "pepperbarrow".
FEINGOLDJewish
A Jewish name, from German, literally "fine gold".
FEITGerman, Jewish
Variant of Veit. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELDMANJewish
Americanized spelling of FELDMANN
FELDMANNJewish
From the surname FELD combined with the German suffix mann "man"
FELLEnglish, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts "tanned hide" (see Pilcher).
FELLEREnglish, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel "hide, pelt". See also Fell.
FEUERJewish
Ornamental name from modern German Feuer "fire".
FIELDEnglish, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld ‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer ‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see Acker) and on the other to weald ‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see Wald)... [more]
FINEJewish (Anglicized)
Jewish Americanized spelling of Fein.
FINGEREnglish, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINKGerman, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec which is from šcinkovec or šcinkavec meaning "finch".
FINKELSTEINYiddish, Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) ornamental compound name, literally 'sparkle stone', from Yiddish finkl 'sparkle' + stein 'stone'. See also Garfinkel.
FISHMedieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
FLAMJewish
Ornamental name from Yiddish flam "flame".
FORSTEREnglish (Anglicized), German, Jewish
English: occupational and topographic name for someone who lived or worked in a forest (see Forrest). ... [more]
FRANZBLAUJewish
Means "french blue" in German. One of the many names assigned to Jews during the rule of Emperor Joseph II, who required all Jews in the Hapsburg Empire to adopt surnames.
FREDMANSwedish, Jewish
Swedish: ornamental name composed of the elements fred ‘peace’ + man ‘man’.... [more]
FRIEDMANUpper German (Modern), German (Swiss), Jewish
Respelling of South German and Swiss Friedmann. ... [more]
FRIEDMANNGerman, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German from a derivative of Friedrich. ... [more]
FRISCHJewish
Ornamental name or nickname from modern German frisch, Yiddish frish "fresh".
FRISHYiddish
Yiddish form of Frisch.
FROMJewish
Variant of Fromm.
FUKSYiddish
It literally means "fox".
FURMANPolish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann)... [more]
FUTTERMANJewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Yiddish futer "fur, fur coat" and Yiddish man "man".
GADOTHebrew
Means "riverbanks" in Hebrew.
GALHebrew (Modern)
From the given name Gal (1), means "wave" in Hebrew.
GALANTEItalian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GALITHebrew
From the given name Galit.
GARFINKELYiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl ‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
GARFUNKELJewish, Yiddish
From גאָרפֿינקל‎ (gorfinkl), "carbuncle" in Yiddish, which in turns derives from German Karfunkel. A notable bearer of this surname is Art Garfunkel.... [more]
GAVAZANSKYBelarusian, Jewish
Means "from the town of Gavezhno". Gavezhno is a town in Belarus. For more information go here http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/54surnames.htm
GELLERYiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
GERMANEnglish, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
GERSHONEnglish, Hebrew
Hebrew One of the tribes of Israel ... [more]
GILHebrew (Modern)
From the given name Gil (3), means "joy, happiness" in Hebrew.
GIMPELGerman, Jewish
German: from a pet form of the personal name Gumprecht (see Gombert). ... [more]
GINGOLDJewish
An invented Jewish name, from Yiddish, literally "fine gold". Hermione Gingold (1897-1987) was a British actress.
GITELMANJewish
Eastern Ashkenazic variant of Gittelman.
GOGOLUkrainian, Polish, Jewish
Means "Common goldeneye (a type of duck)" in Ukrainian. Possibly a name for a fowler. A famous bearer was Nikolai Gogol.
GOLANJewish
Israeli ornamental name from the Golan Heights in Israel.
GOLDJewish
Ornamental name from modern German Gold, Yiddish gold "gold". In North America it is often a reduced form of one of the many compound ornamental names of which Gold is the first element.
GOLDBERGGerman, Jewish, Danish
From German gold 'gold' and -berg, meaning 'gold-mountain'.
GOLDMANGerman, Jewish
Possibly meaning goldsmith in German, from Gold and Mann.... [more]
GOLDRINGGerman, English, Jewish
This surname was probably given to someone who wore a gold ring.
GOLDSTEINJewish
Ornamental name composed of German Gold "gold" and Stein "stone".
GOLDWATERGerman (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
This name is an Anglicized form of the German or Ashkenazic ornamental surname 'Goldwasser', or 'Goldvasser'. The name derives from the German or Yiddish gold', gold, with 'wasser', water, and is one of the very many such compound ornamental names formed with 'gold', such as 'Goldbaum', golden tree, 'Goldbert', golden hill, 'Goldkind', golden child, 'Goldrosen', golden roses, and 'Goldstern', golden star.
GOLOMBJewish
Ornamental name from Polish golab "dove" (from Latin columba "dove").
GORENJewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) altered form of Horn (5), under Russian influence; since Russian has no h and alters h in borrowed words to g. In Israel the name has been reinterpreted by folk etymology as being from Hebrew goren 'threshing floor', which is in fact etymologically and semantically unrelated.
GOSHENJewish, Israeli
Variant of German Goschen.
GOTLIBEYiddish
Yiddish form of Gottlieb.
GRAFJewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name selected, like Herzog and other words denoting titles, because of their aristocratic connotations.
GRANOFFJewish
Short form of GRANOVSKY.... [more]
GRANOVJewish, Bosnian
Habitational name from Granov, Ukraine.... [more]
GRANOVSKYJewish
From the town of Granov, Ukraine (cf. GRANOV).
GRAUGerman, Jewish
Nickname for someone with gray hair or a gray beard, from German grau "gray".
GREENBERGERGerman, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberger, which is formed from the words grün "green", Berg "mountain", and the habitational suffix -er. This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GROBJewish, Yiddish
From Yiddish grob. May also mean "fat".
GRODSKYPolish, Jewish
Altered spelling of Polish Grodzki, a habitational name from Grodziec or Grodzie, places named with gród ‘castle’, ‘fortification’ (cognate with Russian grad). ... [more]
GROSSMANJewish
Jewish nickname for a large man.
GRUNWALDGerman, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German (Grünwald): habitational name from any of various places named Grün(e)wald, from Middle High German gruene ‘green’ + walt ‘wood’, ‘forest’. ... [more]
GUNZENHAUSERGerman, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from either of two places named Gunzenhausen, one in Württemberg and the other in Bavaria.
GURALNICKJewish
Occupational name from Ukrainian guralnyk, Yiddish guralnik "distiller".
GURSULTURJewish (Latinized), Kurdish, Hebrew
This name is a composition of the following words: GUR; Hebrew for "lion cub", SUL; which is an abbreviation of Suleman (Kurdish for king Solomon), TUR; this word is derived from the Arba'ah Turim. The Arbaáh Turim are often called simply the Tur, which is an important Halakhic code.... [more]
GUTNIKUkrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Yiddish surname meaning "glassworker" from Yiddish hute meaning "glassworks".
GUTTENBERGGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places, for example in Bavaria, called Guttenberg, from the weak dative case (originally used after a preposition and article) of Old High German guot ‘good’ + berg ‘mountain’, ‘hill’... [more]
HABERMANNGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements Haber and the agent suffix -mann.
HACKMANNGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a butcher or a woodcutter.
HACOHENHebrew
Means "the priest" in Hebrew, from the word ha which means "the", and the surname Cohen.
HADADArabic, Hebrew
Variant transcription of Haddad.
HADARHebrew (Modern)
From the given name Hadar, means "splendour, glory" in Hebrew.
HADDADArabic, Hebrew, Persian
Means "blacksmith" in Arabic, ultimately from Syriac ܚܰܕܳܕܳܐ (hadado), though it could also be derived from the name of a Semitic deity, Hadad.
HAFERGerman, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer "oats". Compare Haber. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
HAGANJewish
Hebrew, shortened from haganah which means soldier
HAÏMJudeo-Spanish
Variant of Haim used by Sephardic Jews (influenced by French orthography).
HAIMHebrew
From the given name Haim.
HALBERSHTOTYiddish
Yiddish form of Halberstadt. It was first adopted as a surname by Tzvi Hirsh, the rabbi of the eponymous Eastphalian town.
HALEVIHebrew
Means "The Levite" in Hebrew, from the word ha which means "the", and the surname Levi.
HALPERNJewish
Habitual surname for a person who lived in the city of Heilbronn in Germany.
HAMBERGGerman, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburg.
HAMBERGERGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburger.
HAMBURGGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham ‘water meadow’ + burg ‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMBURGERGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Hamburg.
HAMELYiddish, Dutch, German
The name Hamel has three origins.... [more]
HAMMERGerman, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer, Yiddish hamer, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
HAMMERSCHMIDTGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a blacksmith, from German hamer, 'hammer' and schmidt, 'smith. See Hammersmith.
HASKELLJewish
From the personal name KHASKL.
HASSONHebrew (Modern)
Means "sturdy" or "strong" in Hebrew, it is not related to the Arabic name Hasan.
HATTENDORFGerman, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt, had means ‘bog’
HAUSERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German hus "house", German haus, + the suffix -er, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.