Jewish Submitted Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AARONSON     Jewish
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
ABOULAFIA     Jewish
Variant spelling of Abulafia, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
ABRAMCZYK     Polish, Jewish, Belarusian
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRESCH     German, Dutch, Jewish
From a pet form of the Biblical name Abraham.
ABULAFIA     Judeo-Spanish
Sephardi Jewish surname from Arabic أبو العافية‎‎ (Abū l-ʿāfiya), a combination of أبو (abū) meaning "father (of)", اَل (al) "the", and عافية (ʿāfiya) "health, wellbeing" (see the given name Aafia).
ADAMSKI     Polish, Jewish
Originally denoted someone who came from the Polish village Adamy, a Polish village Adamowo, the Polish village Adamki, or the Belorussian city Adamki. These locations are derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMSKY     Jewish
Variant spelling of Adamski.
AGAMI     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Agam, means "lake" in Hebrew.
AKSAMIT     Polish, Ukrainian, Jewish, Belarusian, Czech
Derived from Polish aksamit meaning "velvet".
ALBAZ     Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
ALBO     Spanish, Italian, Jewish
It is derived from the name Albert, Alberto, Albino, and Alberico.... [more]
ALFES     Jewish
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
ALMOG     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Almog, means "coral" in Hebrew.
ALPERT     English, Jewish, German, Dutch
A variant of the Jewish surname Heilprin or Halpern. In German and Dutch usage, it is derived from the given name Albert. One famous bearer is Richard Alpert from the ABC TV show LOST.
ALT     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from alt ‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
ALTERMAN     Yiddish
It literally means "old man".
AMBERG     German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
ANDRULEWICZ     Lithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
Originally Andrulevičus or Andrulevičius, it means "ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičiuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
ANTURY     Greek, Hebrew
Haifa, Israel.... [more]
APPEL     German, Dutch, Jewish, Low German, Medieval Dutch, Yiddish
1. German: from the personal name Appel, a pet form of Apprecht (common especially in Thuringia and Franconia), itself a variant of Albrecht. ... [more]
APT     German, Yiddish
German: variant of Abt.... [more]
ARIEL     Hebrew
From the given name Ariel.
ASHER     Hebrew
From the Hebrew given name Asher.
ASHKENAZI     Hebrew, Jewish
From the name of a kingdom referenced in the Hebrew Bible named Ashkenaz, also used to refer to Jews living in Europe or Slavic countries. The name itself is mostly likely derived from Assyrian Aškūza, in turn, the Assyrians probably based the name off of that of the Scythians.
AUERBACH     German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer).
AVNER     Hebrew
From the given name Avner.
AVNI     Hebrew (Modern)
Means "my stone" in Hebrew, a variant of the surname Even or a diminutive of Avner.
AZAR     Hebrew
Means "(he) helped" in Hebrew, a verb form of Ezer or Ezra.
AZOULAI     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant transcription of Azoulay.
AZOULAY     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish surname of disputed meaning; it may be derived from French azur or Spanish azul both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Hebrew Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū) meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
AZULAY     Hebrew
Variant of Azoulay.
BABUSHKIN     Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian бабушка (babushka) meaning "grandmother".
BACHARACHAS     Jewish
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
BĄKOWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bąkowa, Bąkowice, Bąkowiec, or Bąkowo.
BALASKA     Greek, Jewish, Polish
Feminine form of Balaskas (Greek) or Balaski (Jewish), it is used by Greeks and Slavic Jews.
BAR     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Bar, means "son" or "grain, cereal" referring to a grain cleaned of its chaff; clean, pure; wild, outside, in the nature.
BARASCH     Hebrew
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
BAR HAIM     Hebrew
Combination of Bar and Haim, with the meaning of "son of Chayyim".
BARKAI     Hebrew
Means ''morning star'' in Hebrew.
BAR YOSEF     Hebrew
Combination of Bar and Yosef, with the meaning of "son of Joseph".
BARZELAI     Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
BARZELAIJ     Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzelay. Also compare Barzilaij. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 6 bearers in 1947 and less than 5 bearers in 2007.
BARZELAY     Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai via Barzelai. A known bearer of this surname is American-Israeli musician Eef Barzelay (b. 1970).
BARZILAI     Hebrew
Thought by some to be a patronymic surname meaning "son of Zilai", but this is actually incorrect. The surname actually derives from Barzillai, the name of a character from the Talmud. His name meant "man of iron" or "iron-hearted", derived from Hebrew barzel "iron"... [more]
BARZILAIJ     Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzilay. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
BARZILAY     Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
BASKIN     Jewish
Means "son of Baske", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
BELFER     Jewish
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer, ba(he)lfer "teacher’s assistant".
BELIN     Yiddish
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELZER     Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BEN-AHARON     Hebrew
Means "son of Aaron" in Hebrew.
BEN ARI     Hebrew
Means "son of Ari (1)" in Hebrew.
BEN ASHER     Hebrew
Means "son of Asher" in Hebrew.
BENAYOUN     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Moroccan Jewish surname meaning "son of Ayoun", based off of an Amazigh (Berber) transcription of the Hebrew personal name Chayyim.
BEN DAVID     Hebrew
Means "son of David" in Hebrew.
BEN HAIM     Hebrew
Means "son of Chayyim" in Hebrew.
BENHAIM     Jewish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Haim used by the Jews of North Africa.
BEN MOSHE     Hebrew
Means "son of Moshe" in Hebrew.
BEN SHIMON     Hebrew
Means "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BEN SIMON     Hebrew
Means "son of Simon" or "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BENSIMON     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Simon used by the Jews of North Africa.
BENSOUSSAN     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Maghrebi Jewish surname meaning "son of Shoshannah".
BEN YA'AKOV     Hebrew
Means "son of Yaakov" or "son of Jacob" in Hebrew.
BEN YOSEF     Hebrew
Means "son of Yosef" in Hebrew.
BEN ZE’EV     Hebrew
Means "son of Ze'ev", a Hebrew form of Wolfson.
BEN ZION     Hebrew
Means "son of Zion" in Hebrew.
BERLIŃSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Berlin.
BERMAN     Yiddish
It literally means "bearman".
BIELER     German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel- ‘white’.... [more]
BIELINSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitual surname for someone from Bielin in Volhynia or Bielina, Bielino, or Bieliny in Poland.
BLAUSTEIN     German, Jewish
Ornamental name from German blau "blue" and Stein "stone", i.e. lapis lazuli.
BLOCH     Jewish
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
BLOCH     Jewish
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
BLOCK     Jewish
Variant of Bloch.
BLUMBARG     Yiddish
It literally means "bloom barrow".
BLUMENBERG     Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German Blume "flower" and Berg "mountain, hill".
BLUMSHTEYN     Yiddish
Original Yiddish form of Blumstein.
BLUTH     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
BOBROWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
BOCK     German, Upper German, Jewish, English
Altered spelling of German Böck (see Boeck) or Bach.... [more]
BOEHM     German, Dutch, Jewish
Ethnic name for a native or inhabitant of Bohemia (now the western part of the Czech Republic), from Böhmen, German name of Bohemia (Middle High German Böheim, Beheim). This derives its name from the tribal name Baii + heim "homeland"; the Baii were a tribe, probably Celtic, who inhabited the region in the 1st century A.D. and were gradually displaced by Slavic settlers in the period up to the 5th century... [more]
BOGUSŁAWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Boguslaw or Boguslawice, from the personal name Bogusław (composed of Slavic Bog "God" and slav "glory").
BONAPARTE     Italian (Rare), French (Rare), Judeo-Italian (Rare), American (Rare), Caribbean (Rare)
Variant and French form of Buonaparte. This is also a Jewish surname. A notable bearer was Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1820), who ruled as Emperor of France from 1804 through 1814 and again briefly in 1815, who was of Italian (Tuscan) ancestry... [more]
BORKOWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór 'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek + the possessive suffix -ow.
BORSOK     Russian, Jewish, German (Austrian)
Pronouced "Boar-sook"... [more]
BORTNICK     Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a beekeeper, Ukrainian bortnik.
BRACHA     Hebrew
From the given name Bracha, means "blessing" in Hebrew.
BRAININ     Jewish
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl, literally "little brown one" (cf. Breindel).
BRANDIS     German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis (1976-2003).... [more]
BRAVERMAN     Jewish, Ukrainian, Polish
A fairly common Jewish surname from Ukraine,Poland,and in some cases Russia.
BREINES     Yiddish
From the German braun "brown".
BRENARI     Jewish, Italian
Jewish family and possible place-name in N.E.Italy in 1500's.
BRICK     Irish (Anglicized), English, German, Jewish
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bruic ‘descendant of Broc’, i.e. ‘Badger’ (sometimes so translated) or Ó Bric ‘descendant of Breac’, a personal name meaning ‘freckled’... [more]
BROOK     German, Jewish
Americanized spelling of German BRUCH and Jewish BRUCK.
BROYNSHTEYN     Yiddish
It literally means "brownstone".
BRUCK     Jewish
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
BRUCKER     Jewish
From Polish brukarz or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
CARABAJAL     Judeo-Spanish
From the pre-Roman carbalio meaning "oak," denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CARLIN     Irish (Anglicized), Scottish, French, Swedish, Italian, Jewish (Anglicized), German
Irish (now also common in Scotland) anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cairealláin, an Ulster family name, also sometimes Anglicized as Carlton, meaning ‘descendant of Caireallán’, a diminutive of the personal name Caireall... [more]
CASTIGLIONE     Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio (genitive castellionis) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
CEBREIRO     Jewish, Portuguese
Cebreiro is an olive tree.
CHASEN     Jewish
From the Hebrew חזן "cantor".
CHERNOFF     Russian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of Chernov, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
CHOURAQUI     Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
North African Jewish surname meaning "the one who comes from the east", ultimately from Arabic شَرْقِيّ (šarqiyy) meaning "eastern". It is etymologically related to Cherkaoui.
CHRYSLER     German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
CITRINE     Jewish
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin "lemon tree".
CONNICK     Yiddish
Variation on Koenig.
CORT     Polish, Russian, Jewish
Derived from the surname "Kutalczuk", "Kotelchik", "Cuttlechuck", or "Kuttlechuck"
CRESS     German, Jewish, Belarusian
The maiden name of my Great Grandmother.... [more]
DAUM     German, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum "tap", "plug", or dume, German Daumen "thumb".
D'AVIGDOR     Jewish
Means "son of Avigdor" (a Jewish personal name, from Hebrew avi-Gedor "father of Gedor").
DESSER     Jewish
Habitational name from the city of Dessau in Germany.
DEUTCH     German (Rare), Jewish (Rare)
"German". Used as a last name for those who had none in the 17-18th century. Continues to today, albeit rarely.
DIAMANT     Hebrew, Jewish
Jewish surname derived from French and German diamant meaning "diamond", used to denote a jeweler.
DIAMOND     Jewish
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant, Demant "diamond", or Yiddish dimet or diment, from the Middle High German diemant (via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
DICKERMAN     English, German, Jewish
Possibly derived from Middle High German dic(ke) "strong, thick" and Mann "man, male, husband".
DOR     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Dor, means "generation" in Hebrew.
DREIFUSS     German, Jewish
Variant of DREYFUSS
DREYFUS     French, German, Jewish
French-influenced variant of DREYFUSS, popular amongst people of Alsatian Jewish descent.
DREYFUSS     German, Jewish
Originates from the German city of Trier. The Latin name for the city was "Treveris," whose pronunciation eventually developed into Dreyfuss. The spelling variants tend to correspond to the country the family was living in at the time the spelling was standardized: the use of one "s" tends to be more common among people of French origin, while the use of two tends to be found among those of German descent
DWORKIN     Jewish
From a pet-form of the Yiddish female personal name Dvoyre, from Hebrew Devorah (source of English Deborah), literally "bee". The surname was borne by US feminist Andrea Dworkin (1946-2005).
EDELSTEIN     Jewish
Ornamental name derived from German Edelstein "gemstone; precious stone".
EHRENBERG     Jewish (Anglicized, Rare, Archaic), German
"In German it means 'mountain of honor'"
EICHHORN     German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich(e) ‘oak’ + horn ‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn ‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno, a compound of eih ‘oak’ + urno, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno ‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EINSTEIN     German, Jewish
From German ein meaning “one” and stein meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
EISEN     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen ‘iron’, German Eisen. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen ‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn.
EISENBERG     German, Jewish
Means "iron hill" from German isen meaning "iron" and berg meaning "hill".
EISENBERGER     German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
ELBAZ     Jewish, Northern African
Variant of Albaz used by Jews in Morocco.
ELMALEH     Jewish, Northern African
Moroccan Jewish surname ultimately derived from Arabic مالح (malîh) either meaning "good, handsome, charming" or "salty, savoury".
EMER     Jewish, Anglo-Saxon
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name from Yiddish emer ‘pail’, ‘bucket’. ... [more]
ENGLANDER     German, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
EPLBOYM     Yiddish
It means "apple tree", denoting either someone who planted them or lived near them.
EULER     German, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære (an agent derivative of the dialect word ul, aul "pot", from Latin olla).
EVEN     Hebrew
Means "stone" in Hebrew.
EZER     Hebrew
Means "helping" or "to help" in Hebrew.
FAGIN     Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): variant spelling of Feigin.
FALCON     Jewish
Possibly derived from the German Falke, meaning "falcon."
FALLOW     English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe (Old English f(e)alg). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FAYERMAN     Yiddish
It literally means "fireman".
FAYNSHTEYN     Yiddish
It literally means "fine stone".
FEDERMAN     Yiddish
It literally means "feather man".
FEFERBARG     Yiddish
It literally means "pepperbarrow".
FEINGOLD     Jewish
A Jewish name, from German, literally "fine gold".
FEIT     German, Jewish
Variant of Veit. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELDMAN     Jewish
Americanized spelling of FELDMANN
FELDMANN     Jewish
From the surname FELD combined with the German suffix mann "man"
FIELD     English, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld ‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer ‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see Acker) and on the other to weald ‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see Wald)... [more]
FINE     Jewish (Anglicized)
Jewish Americanized spelling of Fein.
FINGER     English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK     German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec which is from šcinkovec or šcinkavec meaning "finch".
FINKELSTEIN     Yiddish, Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) ornamental compound name, literally 'sparkle stone', from Yiddish finkl 'sparkle' + stein 'stone'. See also Garfinkel.
FISH     Medieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
FORSTER     English (Anglicized), German, Jewish
English: occupational and topographic name for someone who lived or worked in a forest (see Forrest). ... [more]
FRANZBLAU     Jewish
Means "french blue" in German. One of the many names assigned to Jews during the rule of Emperor Joseph II, who required all Jews in the Hapsburg Empire to adopt surnames.
FREDMAN     Swedish, Jewish
Swedish: ornamental name composed of the elements fred ‘peace’ + man ‘man’.... [more]
FRIEDMAN     Upper German (Modern), German (Swiss), Jewish
Respelling of South German and Swiss Friedmann. ... [more]
FRIEDMANN     German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German from a derivative of Friedrich. ... [more]
FRISCH     Jewish
Ornamental name or nickname from modern German frisch, Yiddish frish "fresh".
FRISH     Yiddish
Yiddish form of Frisch.
FROM     Jewish
Variant of Fromm.
FURMAN     Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann)... [more]
FUTTERMAN     Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Yiddish futer "fur, fur coat" and Yiddish man "man".
GADOT     Hebrew
Means "riverbanks" in Hebrew.... [more]
GALANTE     Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GARFINKEL     Yiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl ‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
GAVAZANSKY     Belarusian, Jewish
Means "from the town of Gavezhno". Gavezhno is a town in Belarus. For more information go here http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/54surnames.htm
GELLER     Yiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
GERMAN     English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
GERSCH     German, Jewish
Variant of Giersch. ... [more]
GERSHON     English, Hebrew
Hebrew One of the tribes of Israel ... [more]
GIMPEL     German, Jewish
German: from a pet form of the personal name Gumprecht (see Gombert). ... [more]
GINGOLD     Jewish
An invented Jewish name, from Yiddish, literally "fine gold". Hermione Gingold (1897-1987) was a British actress.
GOGOL     Ukrainian, Polish, Jewish
Means "Common goldeneye (a type of duck)" in Ukrainian. Possibly a name for a fowler. A famous bearer was Nikolai Gogol.
GOLAN     Jewish
Israeli ornamental name from the Golan Heights in Israel.
GOLDBERG     German, Hebrew
German Jewish, meaning Gold Mountain.
GOLDBERG     German, Jewish, Danish
From German gold 'gold' and -berg, meaning 'gold-mountain'.
GOLDMAN     German, Jewish
Possibly meaning goldsmith in German, from Gold and Mann.... [more]
GOLDSTEIN     Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German Gold "gold" and Stein "stone".
GOLDWATER     German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
This name is an Anglicized form of the German or Ashkenazic ornamental surname 'Goldwasser', or 'Goldvasser'. The name derives from the German or Yiddish gold', gold, with 'wasser', water, and is one of the very many such compound ornamental names formed with 'gold', such as 'Goldbaum', golden tree, 'Goldbert', golden hill, 'Goldkind', golden child, 'Goldrosen', golden roses, and 'Goldstern', golden star.
GOLOMB     Jewish
Ornamental name from Polish golab "dove" (from Latin columba "dove").
GOREN     Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) altered form of Horn (5), under Russian influence; since Russian has no h and alters h in borrowed words to g. In Israel the name has been reinterpreted by folk etymology as being from Hebrew goren 'threshing floor', which is in fact etymologically and semantically unrelated.
GOSHEN     Jewish, Israeli
Variant of German Goschen.
GOTLIBE     Yiddish
Yiddish form of Gottlieb.
GOYIM     Jewish
the men
GRAF     Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name selected, like Herzog and other words denoting titles, because of their aristocratic connotations.
GRANOFF     Jewish
Short form of GRANOVSKY.... [more]
GRANOV     Jewish, Bosnian
Habitational name from Granov, Ukraine.... [more]
GRANOVSKY     Jewish
From the town of Granov, Ukraine (cf. GRANOV).
GRAU     German, Jewish
Nickname for someone with gray hair or a gray beard, from German grau "gray".
GREENBERGER     German, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberger, which is formed from the words grün "green", Berg "mountain", and the habitational suffix -er. This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GROB     Jewish, Yiddish
From Yiddish grob. May also mean "fat".
GRODSKY     Polish, Jewish
Altered spelling of Polish Grodzki, a habitational name from Grodziec or Grodzie, places named with gród ‘castle’, ‘fortification’ (cognate with Russian grad). ... [more]
GROSSMAN     Jewish
Jewish nickname for a large man.
GROSSMANN     Jewish
Variant of GROSSMAN
GRUNWALD     German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German (Grünwald): habitational name from any of various places named Grün(e)wald, from Middle High German gruene ‘green’ + walt ‘wood’, ‘forest’. ... [more]
GUNZENHAUSER     German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from either of two places named Gunzenhausen, one in Württemberg and the other in Bavaria.
GURALNICK     Jewish
Occupational name from Ukrainian guralnyk, Yiddish guralnik "distiller".
GURALNIK     Jewish
Variant of GURALNICK.
GURSULTUR     Jewish (Latinized), Kurdish, Hebrew
This name is a composition of the following words: GUR; Hebrew for "lion cub", SUL; which is an abbreviation of Suleman (Kurdish for king Solomon), TUR; this word is derived from the Arba'ah Turim. The Arbaáh Turim are often called simply the Tur, which is an important Halakhic code.... [more]
GUTTENBERG     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places, for example in Bavaria, called Guttenberg, from the weak dative case (originally used after a preposition and article) of Old High German guot ‘good’ + berg ‘mountain’, ‘hill’... [more]
HABERMANN     German, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements Haber and the agent suffix -mann.
HACKMANN     German, Jewish
Occupational name for a butcher or a woodcutter.
HACOHEN     Hebrew
Means "the priest" in Hebrew, from the word ha which means "the", and the surname Cohen.
HADAR     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Hadar, means "splendour, glory" in Hebrew.
HAFER     German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer "oats". Compare Haber. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
HAGAN     Jewish
Hebrew, shortened from haganah which means soldier
HAIM     Hebrew, Jewish
From the given name Haim (see Chayyim).
HALBERSHTOT     Yiddish
Yiddish form of Halberstadt. It was first adopted as a surname by Tzvi Hirsh, the rabbi of the eponymous Eastphalian town.
HALEVI     Hebrew
Means "The Levite" in Hebrew, from the word ha which means "the", and the surname Levi.
HALPERN     Jewish
Habitual surname for a person who lived in the city of Heilbronn in Germany.
HAMBERG     German, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburg.
HAMBERGER     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburger.
HAMBURG     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham ‘water meadow’ + burg ‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMBURGER     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Hamburg.
HAMEL     Yiddish, Dutch, German
The name Hamel has three origins.... [more]
HAMMER     German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer, Yiddish hamer, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
HAMMERSCHMIDT     German, Jewish
Occupational name for a blacksmith, from German hamer, 'hammer' and schmidt, 'smith. See Hammersmith.
HASKELL     Jewish
From the personal name KHASKL.
HASSON     Hebrew (Modern)
Means "sturdy" or "strong" in Hebrew, it is not related to the Arabic name Hasan.
HATTENDORF     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt, had means ‘bog’
HAUSER     German, Jewish
From Middle High German hus "house", German haus, + the suffix -er, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.
HAVERBUS     Yiddish, Dutch
From Yiddish/Hebrew Haver (חבר) and Baruch (ברוך), thus literally "blessed friend".
HAVIV     Jewish
Means 'Sweet' in Hebrew
HEFNER     German, Jewish
Recorded in several spellings including Hafner, Haffner, and Hevner, this is as surname of early Germanic origins. ... [more]
HEID     German, Jewish
Topographic name from Middle High German heide, German Heide ‘heath’, ‘moor’. Compare Heath.... [more]
HEIFETZ     Jewish
An invented Jewish name based on Hebrew chefets "pleasure". Lithuanian-born US violinist Jascha Heifetz (1901-1987) was a known bearer.
HEIN     German, Dutch, Danish, Jewish
German, Dutch, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from a short form of the Germanic personal name Heinrich.
HERSEY     Jewish, English
Variation of Hershey.
HERSHKOWITZ     Jewish
Patronymic from the personal name Hershke, a pet form of Hersh.
HERTZOG     German, Jewish
Variant of HERZOG.
HIMLFARB     Yiddish
Means "color of the sky".
HOD     Hebrew
From the given name Hod which means "glory, splendor" in Hebrew, more commonly used as a surname.
HOFMANN     German, Jewish
Variant of Hoffmann. The surname in this spelling is also found in Denmark.
HOLLAND     Irish (Anglicized), Irish, English, Scottish, German, Danish, Jewish, Dutch
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÓileáin, a variant of Ó hAoláin, from a form of FAOLÁN (with loss of the initial F-).... [more]
HOLLANDER     German, English, Jewish, Dutch, Swedish
Regional name for someone from Holland.
HOLZINGER     German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Holzing or Holzingen.
HOLZMAN     Jewish
Variant of Holzmann.
HONIG     German, Jewish
Metonymic name for a gatherer or seller of honey, from Middle High German honec, honic "honey", German Honig.
HONIKMAN     Yiddish
It literally means "honeyman", possibly denoting a beekeeper.
HORNSHTEYN     Yiddish
It literally means "hornstone".
HUBERT     German, Dutch, English, French, Jewish
From a Germanic given name composed of the elements hug "heart", "mind", "spirit" and berht "bright", "famous".
HUBERTZ     Yiddish
Yiddish form of the German-Jewish surname Huberowitz, meaning "son of Heber."
INBAR     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Inbar, means "amber" in Hebrew.
ISENBARGER     German, Jewish
Respelling of German or Jewish Eisenberger.
ISRAEL     Hebrew
From the name Israel.
JABŁONOWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jabłonowo or Jabłonow; both place names are from jabłoń meaning "apple tree".
JABLONSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Jablonka, Jablonna, or Jablonica, all places named with jablon "apple tree", or the diminutive form jablonka.
JACOBE     Jewish
Variant spelling of Jacobi.
JACOBI     Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
JACOBOWITZ     Jewish
Germanized spelling of a Slavic patronymic from the personal name Jacob.
JAGODZIŃSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jagodziny, Jagodzinek, or Jagodziniec, all named with jagoda meaning "berry".
JAWORSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Jawory or Jaworze, named with Polish jawor meaning "maple", "sycamore".
JEHLE     Hebrew
Jehle-Romanov surname was given name of monarchical leaders over the areas of eastern Eurasia known as Russia and all Russia's yet upon revolution family erroneously reported all dead. Most family of Alexander died while remaining in Russia, while those whom escaped circa 1880 survived... [more]
JEREMIAS     Jewish, Spanish
Derived from the Hebrew given name Jeremiah
JOSEPH     Hebrew, English, Dutch, Yiddish
From Ioseph, the Latin form of Greek Ιωσηφ (Ioseph), which was from the Hebrew name יוֹסֵף (Yosef) meaning "he will add". In the Old Testament, Joseph is the eleventh son of Jacob. Because he was the favourite of his father, his older brothers sent him to Egypt and told their father that he had died... [more]
JÜNGER     German, Jewish
German (Jünger) distinguishing name, from Middle High German jünger ‘younger’, for the younger of two bearers of the same personal name, usually a son who bore the same name as his father... [more]
KALP     German, Jewish
From Middle High German kalp ‘calf’, German Kalb, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who reared calves.
KANAREK     Jewish (Anglicized, Modern)
Originally from Canary, as in the Canary Islands.
KAPLAN     Jewish, Turkish
Means "tiger" in Turkish. This common Jewish surname has a spelling variation: Caplan. For an unknown reason, Jewish immigrants who passed through the port at Baltimore had their names changed to Caplan, while the Jewish immigrants who passed through Ellis Island retained the original K spelling.
KAPLAN     Jewish
Surname used as a translation of Cohen, from German Kaplan or Polish kapłan "chaplain, curate".
KARLIN     Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Karlin, a suburb of Pinsk in Belarus, in which the Jews formed the majority of the population until the Holocaust. A well-known Hasidic sect originated in Karlin and at one time it attracted so many followers that a (now obsolete) Russian word for ‘Hasid’ was Karliner (of Yiddish origin)... [more]
KATZ     Jewish
An abbreviation of the phrase kohen tsedek "righteous priest".
KATZIN     Jewish
Jewish: nickname from Hebrew katsin ‘rich man’. ... [more]
KAZ     Jewish
Variant of Katz.
KAZAN     Jewish
From Hebew chazan, which is an occupational name for a cantor in a synagogue.
KAZAN     Ukrainian, Belarusian, Jewish
From Turkish kazan meaning "kettle, boiler, furnace".
KERCHNER     German, Jewish
Variant of KIRCHNER.
KESHET     Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Keshet which means "rainbow" in Hebrew, it is used more as a surname than a given name.
KESSLER     German, Jewish
Denotes a coppersmith or maker of copper cooking vessels, derived from Middle High German kezzel meaning “kettle, cauldron”.
KIEL     Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Kil.
KIL     Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil ‘cool’.
KIND     English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint, German Kind ‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
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