Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
Variant spelling of Abulafia
, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
Sephardi Jewish surname from Arabic أبو العافية (Abū l-ʿāfiya)
, a combination of أبو (abū)
meaning "father (of)", اَل (al)
"the", and عافية (ʿāfiya)
"health, wellbeing" (see the given name Aafia
ADAMSKI Polish, Jewish
Originally denoted someone who came from the Polish village Adamy, a Polish village Adamowo, the Polish village Adamki, or the Belorussian city Adamki. These locations are derived from the given name ADAM
ADI Hebrew (Rare)
Means "jewel; ornament" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname.
AGUILAR Spanish, Catalan, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places called Aguilar, from Latin aquilare
"haunt of eagles" (a derivative of aquila
"eagle"), for example Aguilar de Campo in Palencia, Aguilar de la Frontera in Córdoba, and Aguilar de Segarra in Catalonia.
ALBAZ Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
ALPERT English, Jewish, German, Dutch
A variant of the Jewish surname Heilprin or Halpern
. In German and Dutch usage, it is derived from the given name Albert
. One famous bearer is Richard Alpert from the ABC TV show LOST.
ALT German, Jewish
From German alt
‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
AMBERG German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
AMIT Hebrew (Modern)
From a first name which means "friend", "companion", "colleague", or from a nickname given to a friendly person or a colleague.
ANDRULEWICZ Lithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
, it means "ben-Adam"
("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičiuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
AROUSI Jewish, Hebrew, Jewish (Australian, Expatriate), Judeo-Arabic, Arabic
Yemenite Jewish and Arabic name possibly deriving from Arabic words aroosi
, "bridal, relating to a wedding", rousi
, "groom". El Aroussi
, a variant, is found densely in Morocco and Francophone populations (France, Canada).
ASHKENAZI Hebrew, Jewish
From the name of a kingdom referenced in the Hebrew Bible named Ashkenaz
, also used to refer to Jews living in Europe or Slavic countries. The name itself is mostly likely derived from Assyrian Aškūza
, in turn, the Assyrians probably based the name off of that of the Scythians.
AUERBACH German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach
) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer
From the given name Aviv
, also meaning "spring (the season)" in Hebrew.
AZOULAY Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish surname of disputed meaning; it may be derived from French azur
or Spanish azul
both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl
meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Hebrew Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū)
meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
BĄKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bąkowa, Bąkowice, Bąkowiec, or Bąkowo.
From Aramaic בְּרָא (b'rā)
meaning "son, child" or Hebrew בָּר (bar)
meaning "grain, cereal".
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
BARZELAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai
. Also compare Barzilaij
. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 6 bearers in 1947 and less than 5 bearers in 2007.
Derived from Barzillai
, the name of a character from the Talmud. His name meant "man of iron" or "iron-hearted", derived from Hebrew בַּרְזֶל (barzél)
BARZILAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai
. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
Means "son of Baske
", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba
). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELINSKY Russian, Jewish
Habitational surname for someone from Belin
in Ukraine, which may be derived from Proto-Slavic *bělъ
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BICKEL German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]
BIELER German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel-
BIELINSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitual surname for someone from Bielin in Volhynia or Bielina, Bielino, or Bieliny in Poland.
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
Ornamental name composed of German Blume
"flower" and Berg
BLUTH German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
BOBROWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
BOEHM German, Dutch, Jewish
Ethnic name for a native or inhabitant of Bohemia (now the western part of the Czech Republic), from Böhmen
, German name of Bohemia (Middle High German Böheim
). This derives its name from the tribal name Baii
"homeland"; the Baii were a tribe, probably Celtic, who inhabited the region in the 1st century A.D. and were gradually displaced by Slavic settlers in the period up to the 5th century... [more]
BOGUSŁAWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Boguslaw or Boguslawice, from the personal name Bogusław
(composed of Slavic Bog
"God" and slav
BORKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór
'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek
+ the possessive suffix -ow
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne
being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl
, literally "little brown one" (cf. Breindel
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
From Polish brukarz
or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
CARBAJAL Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal
in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio
meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CASTIGLIONE Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio
) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
CHERKASSKY Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian Черкес (Cherkes)
meaning "Circassian", referring to a Muslim ethnic group native to the North Caucasus. This was the name of a noble Russian family of ethnic Circassian origin.
CHERNOFF Russian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of Chernov
, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj
meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
CHRYSLER German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl
meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin
DAUM German, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum
"tap", "plug", or dume
, German Daumen
Habitational name from the city of Dessau in Germany.
DIAMANT Hebrew, Jewish
Jewish surname derived from French and German diamant
meaning "diamond", used to denote a jeweler.
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant
"diamond", or Yiddish dimet
, from the Middle High German diemant
(via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
DRABKIN Belarusian, Jewish
Jewish (from Belarus): metronymic from Yiddish drabke “loose woman”. Can also be from drabki Belarusian
'light cart' (+ the same suffix -in), an occupational name for a coachman (Alexander Beider).... [more]
DREXEL German, Jewish
It originates from the pre 7th century word 'dreseler' meaning 'to turn', a verb which in medieval times had a wide range of meanings.
DREYFUSS German, Jewish
Originates from the German city of Trier. The Latin name for the city was "Treveris," whose pronunciation eventually developed into Dreyfuss. The spelling variants tend to correspond to the country the family was living in at the time the spelling was standardized: the use of one "s" tends to be more common among people of French origin, while the use of two tends to be found among those of German descent
From a pet-form of the Yiddish female personal name Dvoyre
, from Hebrew Devorah
(source of English Deborah
), literally "bee". The surname was borne by US feminist Andrea Dworkin (1946-2005).
Ornamental name derived from German Edelstein
"gemstone; precious stone".
EICHHORN German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich
(e) ‘oak’ + horn
‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn
‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno
, a compound of eih
‘oak’ + urno
, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno
‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EINSTEIN German, Jewish
From German ein
meaning “one” and stein
meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen
meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
EISEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen
‘iron’, German Eisen
. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen
‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn
EISENBERGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
EISNER German, Jewish
Occupational name for an ironworker, smith, or ironmonger, from an agent derivative of Middle High German īsen
and German Eisen
, meaning ‘iron’ (see Eisen
Means "God is exist" in Hebrew. From the words el
, "God" and kayam
ENGLANDER German, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer
, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
It means "apple tree", denoting either someone who planted them or lived near them.
EPSTEIN German, Jewish
A habitational name for someone from a place named Eppstein, which is from Old High German ebur
meaning ‘wild boar’ and stein
ERBER Jewish, German
Meaning uncertain. Either a habitational name for someone living in a place named Erb or Erp, a name for a owner of a farm named Erbhof (derived from MIddle High German erbære
"honorable, noble"), or derived from the given name Erpo
EULER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære
(an agent derivative of the dialect word ul
"pot", from Latin olla
Means "helping" or "to help" in Hebrew.
Possibly derived from the German Falke
, meaning "falcon."
FALLOW English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe
(Old English f(e)alg
). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FEIT German, Jewish
Variant of Veit
. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELL English, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell
, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel
refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts
"tanned hide" (see Pilcher
FELLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell
, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
"hide, pelt". See also Fell
Ornamental name from modern German Feuer
FIELD English, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld
‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer
‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see Acker
) and on the other to weald
‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see Wald
FINGER English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec
which is from šcinkovec
FINKELSTEIN Yiddish, Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) ornamental compound name, literally 'sparkle stone', from Yiddish finkl
'sparkle' + stein
'stone'. See also Garfinkel
FISH Medieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische
, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
Ornamental name from Yiddish flam
Means "french blue" in German. One of the many names assigned to Jews during the rule of Emperor Joseph II, who required all Jews in the Hapsburg Empire to adopt surnames.
Ornamental name or nickname from modern German frisch
, Yiddish frish
FURMAN Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman
, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann
Occupational name for a furrier, from Yiddish futer
"fur, fur coat" and Yiddish man
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GALICKI Jewish, Polish
A Jewish and Polish surname for someone from a lost location called 'Galice'
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl
‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel
. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
GARFUNKEL Jewish, Yiddish
From גאָרפֿינקל (gorfinkl
), "carbuncle" in Yiddish, which in turns derives from German Karfunkel
. A notable bearer of this surname is Art Garfunkel.... [more]
GAVAZANSKY Belarusian, Jewish
Means "from the town of Gavezhno". Gavezhno is a town in Belarus. For more information go here http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/54surnames.htm
GELLER Yiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
GERMAN English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain
meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
Occupational name for a worker in gold, from Yiddish gildner 'golden'.
An invented Jewish name, from Yiddish, literally "fine gold". Hermione Gingold (1897-1987) was a British actress.
GINSBURG German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone who came from Gunzberg in Bavaria, Günsburg in Swabia, or Gintsshprik (Königsburg) in East Prussia. Its origin is from the name of the river Günz, written in early Latin documents as Guntia
, which was probably of Celtic origin, and Old High German burg
meaning "Fortress, walled town".
GOGOL Ukrainian, Polish, Jewish
Means "Common goldeneye (a type of duck)" in Ukrainian. Possibly a name for a fowler. A famous bearer was Nikolai Gogol.
Israeli ornamental name from the Golan Heights in Israel.
Ornamental name from modern German Gold
, Yiddish gold
"gold". In North America it is often a reduced form of one of the many compound ornamental names of which Gold
is the first element.
Ornamental name composed of German Gold
"gold" and Stein
GOLDWATER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
This name is an Anglicized form of the German or Ashkenazic ornamental surname 'Goldwasser', or 'Goldvasser'. The name derives from the German or Yiddish gold', gold, with 'wasser', water, and is one of the very many such compound ornamental names formed with 'gold', such as 'Goldbaum', golden tree, 'Goldbert', golden hill, 'Goldkind', golden child, 'Goldrosen', golden roses, and 'Goldstern', golden star.
Ornamental name from Polish golab
"dove" (from Latin columba
Jewish (Ashkenazic) altered form of Horn
(5), under Russian influence; since Russian has no h
and alters h
in borrowed words to g
. In Israel the name has been reinterpreted by folk etymology as being from Hebrew goren
'threshing floor', which is in fact etymologically and semantically unrelated.