Surnames via Locations

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AALDENBERG Dutch
Originally denoted a person who came from an uncertain place called Aaldenberg, meaning "old mountain".
AALTINK Dutch
Variant of ALTING.
AARLE Dutch
Denoted a person who hailed from a place of this name in the Netherlands, or from Arlon in Belgium (which is Aarlen in Dutch).
ABANO Italian
Originally denoted a person from the town of Abano, Latin Aponus, which was derived from the old Celtic root ab meaning "water".
ABAROA Basque
Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
ABASCAL Spanish
Means "priest's street" from Basque abas "priest" and kale "street".
ABASOLO Basque
Means "priest's meadow" from Basque abas "priest" and solo "meadow".
ABBEY English
Indicated a person who lived near an abbey or worked in an abbey, from Middle English abbeye.
ABBIATI Italian
Originally a name for a person from the city of Abbiategrasso, near Milan in Italy, called Abiatum in Latin.
ABBING Dutch
Variant of ABBINK.
ABBINGH Dutch
Variant of ABBINK.
ABBINK Dutch
From various Dutch places meaning "ABBE's farm".
ABNEY English
From the name of a town in Derbyshire, derived from Old English meaning "Abba's island".
ABSPOEL Dutch
From Abtspoel, the name of an estate near Oegstgeest in South Holland, meaning "abbot's pool".
ACHTERBERG Dutch, German
From the name of various places in the Netherlands and Germany, for example the village of achterberg in Utrecht. The place names are derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTERKAMP Dutch
From the name of various places in the Netherlands, derived from Low German achter "behind" and kamp "field".
ACHTEROP Dutch
Variant of OGTROP.
ACHTHOVEN Dutch
Denoted a person from various towns in the Netherlands called Achthoven, which is derived from Dutch acht "eight" and hoven "gardens".
ACKER German, English
Denoted a person who lived near a field, derived from Middle English aker or Middle High German acker meaning "field".
ACKERMANN German
Denoted a person who lived near a field, from Middle High German acker "field" and man "man".
ACONE Italian
Possibly from the name of a harbour in Bithynia (in modern Turkey).
ACOSTA Spanish
Spanish form of DA COSTA (from a misdivision of the surname).
ACQUA Italian
Means "water" in Italian, indicating one who dwelt by or transported water.
ACQUAFREDDA Italian
Denoted a person who came from one of the various places in Italy with this name, derived from Italian meaning "cold water".
ACQUARONE Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a place name or an occupation derived from Italian acqua "water".
ACQUATI Italian
From the name of a village, part of the city of Lecco in Lombardy. Its name is presumably derived from Italian acqua "water".
ADENAUER German
Denoted a person from the town of Adenau in Germany. The name of the town is of uncertain etymology.
ADRIATICO Italian
Originally denoted a person who lived near the Adriatic sea.
ADRICHEM Dutch
From the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands. It means "Adrik's home".
AGLI Italian
From place names like Agliè, Aglietti, Agliana and Agliate, all originating from the Latin name Allius or Alleius.
AGRAMUNT Catalan
Originally denoted a person from the town of Agramunt, Spain. It means "field hill" in Catalan.
AGUA Spanish
Means "water" in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AGUADO Spanish
Derived from Spanish agua "water", indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AIELLO Italian
From various place names in Italy, such as Aiello del Friuli, Aiello del Sabato and others. They are derived from Latin agellus meaning "little field".
AINSLEY Scots
From a place name: either Annesley in Nottinghamshire or Ansley in Warwickshire. The place names themselves derive from Old English anne "alone, solitary" or ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing".
AINSWORTH English
Habitational name for a person from the village of Ainsworth near Manchester, itself from the Old English given name Ægen and worþ meaning "enclosure".
AITA Italian
Originally denoted a person from Aieta, Italy, a place name derived from Greek αετος (aetos) "eagle".
AIZA Spanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
AJELLO Italian
Variant of AIELLO.
ÅKERMAN Swedish
Swedish form of ACKERMANN.
AKERS English
Variant of ACKER.
AKIYAMA Japanese
From Japanese (aki) meaning "autumn" and (yama) meaning "mountain, hill".
AKKER Dutch
Dutch form of ACKER.
AKKERMAN Dutch
Dutch form of ACKERMANN.
AKKERMANS Dutch
Dutch form of ACKERMANN.
AKKERSDIJK Dutch
Originally denoted a person from the town of Akkersdijk, near Delft in the Netherlands. It means "field by the dyke" in Dutch.
ALAGONA Italian
From the name of the Spanish region of Aragon, which was a medieval kingdom. The region was named for a river, which was itself derived from an Indo-European root meaning "water".
ALAMANNI Italian
From ALEMANNIA, the Latin name for Germany.
ALAMILLA Spanish
From Spanish alamillo meaning "poplar, aspen".
ALBANESI Italian
Originally indicated a person who came from ALBANIA.
ALBERINK Dutch
Means "ALBERT's farm" in Dutch.
ALBERO Italian
From Italian albero meaning "tree", ultimately from Latin arbor, referring to someone who lived in the woods or worked as a woodcutter.
ALBRONDA Dutch
From the name of various streets in the Netherlands.
ALBUQUERQUE Portuguese
From the name of the Spanish town of Alburquerque, near the Portuguese border in the province of Badajoz. It is probably derived from Latin alba quercus meaning "white oak".
ALDANA Basque
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats meaning "slope".
ALDENKAMP Dutch
Possibly from an unknown place name meaning "old field" in Dutch.
ALDERSHOF Dutch
Means "Aldert's courtyard" from the given name ALDERT combined with Dutch hof "garden, courtyard".
ALEMAGNA Italian
From ALEMANNIA, the Latin name for Germany.
ALEPPO Italian
From the name of the Syrian city of Aleppo, which is from Arabic خالاب (Khalab), of uncertain meaning.
ALFARO Spanish
Originally denoted someone who was from the city of Alfaro in La Rioja, Spain. It is possibly derived from Arabic meaning "the watchtower".
ALFARSI Arabic
Means "the Persian" in Arabic, derived from Arabic فارس (Faris) meaning "Persia".
ALFERINK Dutch
Means "ALFHARD's farm" in Dutch.
AL-GHAZZAWI Arabic
Originally indicated a person who came from Gaza in Palestine.
ALING Dutch
Variant of ALINK.
ALINK Dutch
Means "ALE (2)'s farm" in Dutch.
ALLAWAY Scottish
From a Scottish place name, itself derived from alla "wild" and mhagh "field".
ALLSOPP English
From the name of the village of Alsop en la Dale in Derbyshire, England. It means "Ælli's valley" in Old English.
ALMEIDA Portuguese
Designated a person who had originally lived in the town of Almeida in Portugal. The place name is from Arabic ال مائدة (al ma'idah) meaning "the plateau, the table".
ALSERDA Frisian
Designated a person who was from a farm called Alserd, of uncertain meaning.
ALTAMURA Italian
From the name of the Italian city of Altamura, which means "high walls" in Italian.
ALTENA Dutch
From the name of a town in the Netherlands, possibly meaning "close, near" in Dutch.
ALTHAUS German
Name for a person dwelled in or by an old house, from German alt "old" and haus "house".
ALTHUIS Dutch
Dutch cognate of ALTHAUS.
ALTING Dutch
Means "ALTE (2)'s farm" in Dutch.
ALTINK Dutch
Variant of ALTING.
ALVARADO Spanish
From a Spanish place name, possibly derived from Spanish alba "white".
AMANTEA Italian
From the name of a town in Calabria, Italy. It is possibly derived from Arabic (dating from the Arab raids of the 9th century) meaning "the fortress".
AMSING Dutch
Means "AMSE's farm" in Dutch.
ANDRINGA Dutch
Means "ANDRIES's farm" in Dutch.
ANGENENT Dutch
Referred to person who lived at the end of the road or the village, derived from Dutch an gen ent meaning "at the end".
ANHOLTS Dutch
Originally denoted a person from Anholt in the Netherlands, which means "hold, rest" in Dutch (a place where people could rest for the night).
ANJEMA Frisian
Denoted a person from the village of Anjum in the Netherlands. It possibly means "corner" in Dutch.
ANNEVELINK Dutch
From Dutch aan 't veldink meaning "next to the little field".
ANTUMA Frisian
Variant of ANTEMA.
APELDOORN Dutch
From the name of a city in the Netherlands, meaning "apple tree" in Dutch.
APPELHOF Dutch
Indicated a person who lived by or at an apple garden, from Dutch appel "apple" and hof "garden, courtyard".
APPELO Dutch
Indicated a person who was from a farm called Aperloo, probably a derivative of appel meaning "apple".
APPERLO Dutch
Variant of APPELO.
APPLEBY English
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement".
APPLETON English
From the name of several English towns, meaning "orchard" in Old English (a compound of æppel "apple" and tun "enclosure, yard").
APTED English
Probably from an unidentified place name meaning "up tower" in Old English.
AQUINO Italian, Spanish
From the name of an Italian town near Rome, derived from Latin aqua meaning "water", the home town of the 13th-century saint Thomas Aquinas. In Italy the surname is derived directly from the town's name. As a Spanish-language surname, it was sometimes bestowed by missionaries in honour of the saint as they evangelized in Spanish colonies.
ARAP Turkish
Means "Arab" in Turkish.
ARAÚJO Portuguese
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many areas that bear this name in Portugal, which is of unknown meaning.
ARAUJO Spanish
Spanish form of ARAÚJO.
ARAULLO Filipino
Form of ARAÚJO especially common in the Philippines.
ARAYA Spanish
Denoted a person from Araia in the Basque Country, Spain. It is of uncertain meaning.
ARBORE Italian
From Latin arbor meaning "tree".
ARCE Spanish
Means "maple tree" in Spanish.
ARDELEAN Romanian
From the Romanian region of Ardeal, also called Transylvania. It is possibly derived from Hungarian erdő meaning "forest".
ARECHAVALETA Spanish
Originally indicated a person from the town of Aretxabaleta in Spain. It means "oak trees" in Basque.
ARENA Italian
Italian cognate of ARENAS.
ARENAS Spanish
From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena meaning "sand".
ARENDONK Dutch
Denoted a person from Arendonk, a town between in northern Belgium. It is derived from arend "eagle" and donk "hill".
ARGALL Cornish
From a place name meaning "shelter, quiet place" in Cornish.
ARITZA Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARMISTEAD English
Means "hermitage", indicating a person who lived near one, from Middle English ermite "hermit" and stede "place".
ARREOLA Spanish
Variant of ARRIOLA, found predominantly in Mexico.
ARRINGTON English
From the name of a town in Cambridgeshire, originally meaning "Earna's settlement" in Old English (Earna being a person's nickname meaning "eagle").
ARRIOLA Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri "stone" and -ola "place of, house".
ÅRUD Norwegian
From Norwegian å meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud meaning "clearing".
ASH English
From Old English æsc meaning "ash tree", indicating a person who lived near ash trees.
ASHLEY English
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many places in England which bear this name. The place name itself is derived from Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing".
ASHWORTH English
From an English place name meaning "ash enclosure" in Old English.
ASÍS Spanish
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís in Spanish).
ASSELMAN Dutch
Denoted a person from Assel, Asselt or Hasselt, the name of communities in the Netherlands and Belgium. They derive from Germanic asc "ash tree" and lauha "woods on sandy soil", or hasal "hazel tree".
ASSENBERG Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and berg meaning "mountain".
ASSENDORP Dutch
From the name of a place called Assendorp, composed of Dutch essen and dorp, meaning "ash tree village".
ASSINK Dutch
From a place name meaning "ASSE's farm".
ASTON (1) English
From a place name meaning "east town" in Old English.
ASTRAUSKAS Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of OSTROWSKI.
ASTURIAS Spanish
From the name of a region in Spain, formerly a medieval kingdom. It is possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water".
ATELJEVIĆ Serbian
Probably from Hatelji, the name of a town in Serbia, which is of unknown meaning.
ATTAWAY English
Means "at the way", originally denoting someone who lived close to a road.
ATTEBERRY English
Means "dweller at the fortified town" from Middle English at and burh "fortified place".
ATWATER English
From Middle English meaning "dweller at the water".
ATWOOD English
From Middle English meaning "dweller at the wood".
AUDLEY English
From a place name meaning "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English.
AUE German
From German meaning "meadow by a river, wetland". There are many places with this name in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
AUER German
From German aue meaning "meadow by a river, wetland".
AVERESCH Dutch
From a place name, possibly from a dialectal variation of Dutch over meaning "over" combined with esch meaning "ash tree".
AVESKAMP Dutch
From a place name meaning "the edge of camp" in Dutch.
AYERS (3) English
Indicated a person from the town of Ayr in Scotland. The town was named for the river which flows through it, itself derived from an Indo-European root meaning "water".
AYTON English
From the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire. They are derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town".
BAAR Dutch
Variant of BAARS.
BAARDA Frisian
From the name of the town of Baard in the Netherlands, possibly derived from a given name which was a variant of BERT.
BAARDWIJK Dutch
From the name of a town in the Netherlands, possibly from Baard, a variant of BERT, and wijk meaning "neighbourhood, district".
BAARS Dutch
Indicated a person coming from the town of Beers in the Netherlands.
BAARSMA Frisian
Indicated a person coming from the small town of Beers in Frisia.
BACH German
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BACHMAN German
Anglicized form of BACHMANN.
BACHMANN German
Denoted a person who lived near a stream, from German bach "stream" and mann "man".
BAGGI Italian
Variant of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO Italian
Originally denoted a person from the Italian town of Baggio (now part of Milan). It is probably derived from Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place".
BAGLEY English
From various English place names, all derived from Old English bagga "bag, badger" combined with leah "woodland, clearing".
BAIER German
Variant of BAYER.
BALL English
From Middle English bal, Old English beall meaning "ball". This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
BANCROFT English
From any of the various places of this name, derived from Old English bean meaning "bean" and croft meaning "small enclosed field".
BANKS English
Originally indicated someone who lived near a hillside or a bank of land.
BARDSLEY English
From the name a village near Manchester, from the Old English given name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing".
BARLOW English
Derived from a number of English place names which variously mean "barley hill", "barn hill", "boar clearing" or "barley clearing".
BARNES English
Denoted a person who worked or lived in a barn. The word barn is derived from Old English bere "barley" and ærn "dwelling".
BARNETT English
Derived from Old English bærnet meaning "a place cleared by burning".
BARR English
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre.
BARRE French
French cognate of BARR.
BARROS Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro meaning "clay, mud". This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
BARTON English
From a place name meaning "barley town" in Old English.
BARWEGEN Frisian
Derived from the name of a village in Frisia meaning "road to the dike".
BASSANELLI Italian
Diminutive form of BASSANI.
BASSANI Italian
Derived from the place name Bassano, belonging multiple villages in Italy.
BASURTO Spanish
From the Basque place name Basurtu, a village (now part of Bilbao) in Biscay. It means "middle of the forest".
BÁTHORY Hungarian
Originally indicated a person from Bátor, a village in Hungary, which might be of Turkic origin meaning "hero". This was the surname of a Hungarian noble family who historically controlled the town. One of the family, Stephen Báthory, became the king of Poland in the 16th century.
BATTLE English
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle, so named because they were sites of battles.
BAUM German, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMBACH German
From a place name meaning "tree stream" in German.
BAUMER German
Variant of BAUM.
BAUMGARTNER German
Occupational name for a person who worked or lived at an orchard, from German Baumgarten "orchard" (derived from Baum "tree" and Garten "garden").
BAYER German
Originally denoted a person from Bavaria, from its German name BAYERN.
BEASLEY English
From the name of a place in Lancashire, from Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BEAUCHÊNE French
From French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and chêne "oak".
BEAUFORT French
From various French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and fort "strong place, fortress".
BEAULIEU French
From various French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and lieu "place".
BEAUMONT French, English
From French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and mont "mountain".
BECK (1) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of BACH, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
BECKENBAUER German
Means "farmer living by a stream" in German.
BECKETT English
Originally a diminutive of BECK (1) or BECK (3).
BECKHAM English
From an English place name meaning "Becca's homestead". The byname Becca means "pickaxe" in Old English.
BECSKEI Hungarian
Indicated a person from Becske, a town in Hungary, which might be derived from the given name BENEDEK.
BEGBIE Scottish
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse given name BAGGI and býr "farm, settlement".
BELL (1) English
From Middle English belle meaning "bell". It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
BELMONT French, English
French and English form of BELMONTE.
BELMONTE Spanish, Italian
From various place names in Italy and Spain meaning "beautiful mountain".
BENGOETXEA Basque
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
BENTLEY English
From a place name derived from Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". Various towns in England bear this name.
BENTON English
Denoted someone who came from Benton, England, which is derived from Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure".
BERG German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
BERGAMASCHI Italian
Originally indicated an inhabitant of the city of BERGAMO in Lombardy.
BERGMAN Swedish
From Swedish berg "mountain" and man "man", originally a name for a person living on a mountain.
BERRY English
Derived from a place name which was derived from Old English burh "fortification".
BĒRZIŅŠ Latvian
From Latvian bērzs meaning "birch tree".
BEST (2) German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
BEUMER Dutch
Possibly a Dutch form of BAUMER or BÖHMER.
BEUMERS Dutch
Possibly a Dutch form of BAUMER or BÖHMER.
BEVERLY English
Derived from the name of an English city, meaning "beaver stream" in Old English.
BEYER German
Variant of BAYER.
BEYERSDORF German
Means "farmers village", from German Bauer meaning "farmer" and Dorf meaning "village".
BEZUIDENHOUT Dutch
From Dutch zuid "south" and hout "forest". It refers to the south of the forest in The Hague.
BJÖRK Swedish
From Swedish björk "birch tree".
BJÖRKMAN Swedish
From Swedish björk "birch tree" and man "man".
BLACKBURN English
From the name of a city in Lancashire, meaning "black stream" in Old English.
BLACKWOOD English, Scottish
From an English place name meaning "black wood".
BLAIR Scottish
From any one of several places of this name in Scotland, which derive from Gaelic blár meaning "plain, field, battlefield".
BLAKELEY English
From name of various English places, derived from Old English blæc "black" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BLAKESLEY English
From the name of a town in Northamptonshire, itself meaning "Blæcwulf's meadow" in Old English. Blæcwulf is a byname meaning "black wolf".
BLOODWORTH English
Originally indicated someone from the town of Blidworth in Nottinghamshire, which was derived from the Old English byname Blīþa (meaning "happy, blithe") combined with worð "enclosure".
BLOXHAM English
From a place name meaning "Blocca's homestead". The Old English byname Blocca is of uncertain origin.
BLUMENTHAL German, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
BODROGI Hungarian
Originally denoted someone living near the Bodrog, a river in northeastern of Hungary.
BÖHLER German
Derived from the name of several German towns called Boll or Böhl, meaning "hill".
BÖHM German
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA (Böhmen in German).
BÖHME German
Variant of BÖHM.
BOKOR Hungarian
Topographic name derived from Hungarian bokor "bush". This is also the name of a village in Hungary.
BOLÍVAR Spanish
From Bolibar, the name of a small Basque village, derived from Basque bolu "mill" and ibar "meadow". This name was borne by the revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
BOLOGNA Italian
From the name of the city of Bologna in northern Italy. It may derive from a Celtic word meaning "settlement".
BOLTON English
From any of the many places in England called Bolton, derived from Old English bold "house" and tun "enclosure".
BONDESAN Italian
Venetian name derived from the name of the town of Bondeno in northern Italy.
BOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
BOOTH English
Topographic name derived from Middle English both meaning "hut, stall".
BORDE French
From Frankish bord meaning "board, plank". This name belonged to a person who lived in a house made of planks.
BORG Swedish
From Swedish borg meaning "fortification, castle".
BORGHI Italian
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo meaning "village".
BORGOGNI Italian
From the name of the French region of Burgundy (called Bourgogne in French), which is named after the Germanic tribe the Burgundians, itself meaning "people from the high land".
BOSCH (1) Dutch, Low German
Derived from Middle Dutch bosch meaning "wood, forest".
BOSCH (2) Catalan
Catalan cognate of BOSCO.
BOSCO Italian
Means "forest" in Italian.
BOSQUE Spanish
Spanish form of BOSCO.
BOTTERILL English
Probably indicated someone from the town of Les Bottereaux in Normandy, itself derived from Old French bot "toad".
BOURDILLON French
Diminutive form of BORDE.
BOURKE English
Variant of BURKE.
BOURNE English
Derived from Old English burna "stream, spring".
BOYCE English
From Old French bois meaning "wood", originally given to someone who lived by or in a wood.
BOYD Scottish
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
BRABAND German
Derived from the name of the region of Brabant in the Netherlands and Belgium. It possibly means "ploughed region" or "marshy region" in Old High German.
BRADDOCK English
From various locations derived from Old English meaning "broad oak".
BRADFORD English
Derived from the name of the city of Bradford in West Yorkshire which meant "broad ford" in Old English. This is also the name of other smaller towns in England.
BRADLEY English
From a common English place name, derived from brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BRAMBILLA Italian
Derived from the Italian town of Brembilla in Lombardy, itself named after the Brembo river.
BRÄNDLE German
Derived from Old High German brant "fire". This was a name for a person who lived near an area that had been burned.
BRANDON English
From the name of various places in England meaning "hill covered with broom" in Old English.
BRASSINGTON English
From a place name, which derived from Old English meaning "enclosure by a steep path".
BRAXTON English
From an English place name place name meaning "Bracca's town" in Old English.
BRAY English
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill".
BRECKENRIDGE Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone from Brackenrig in Lanarkshire, derived from northern Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr).
BREDA Italian
From the name of a town near Venice, possibly derived from a Germanic (Lombardic) word meaning "field".
BREISACHER German
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
BRENT English
Originally derived from the name of a hill (or the village nearby) in Somerset, perhaps derived from a Celtic word meaning "hill".
BRETZ German
Indicated a person from the town of Breetz in Brandenburg, Germany. The meaning of the town's name is unknown.
BRIGHAM English
Originally referred to one who came from a town called Brigham, meaning "homestead by the bridge" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Cumberland and Yorkshire.
BRINKERHOFF German
From a German place name meaning "farm near a slope".
BRIOSCHI Italian
Derived from the town of Briosco, near Milan. It may be of Lombardic origin.
BRISTOL English
From the name of a city in England meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRISTOW English
From the name of the city of Bristol, originally Brycgstow in Old English, meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRIVIO Italian
From the name of the town of Brivio in Lombardy. Supposed it derives from a Celtic word meaning "bridge".
BROADBENT English
From a place name derived from Old English brad "broad" and beonet "bent grass".
BRODIE Scottish
Originally derived from a place in Moray, Scotland. It is probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire".
BRODY Scottish
Variant of BRODIE.
BROOK English
Denoted a person who lived near a brook, a word derived from Old English broc.
BROOKE English
Variant of BROOK.
BROOKS English
Variant of BROOK.
BROWNLOW English
From Old English brun meaning "brown" and hlaw meaning "mound, small hill". The name was probably given to a family living on a small hill covered with bracken.
BRUCE Scottish
Possibly from the name of the town of Brix in Normandy, which is of unknown meaning. It was brought to Scotland in the 12th century by the Anglo-Norman baron Robert de Brus. It was later borne by his descendant Robert the Bruce, a hero of the 14th century who achieved independence from England and became the king of Scotland.
BRZEZICKI Polish
Derived from Polish brzezina meaning "birch grove".
BUCHANAN Scottish
From the name of a region in Stirlingshire, Scotland, which means "house of the canon" in Gaelic.