From Finnish aalto
. A famous bearer was Finnish architect Alvar Aalto (1898-1976).
From Italian abate
meaning "abbot, priest"
, derived via Latin and Greek from an Aramaic word meaning "father". This was used either as a nickname or an occupational name for a worker in a priest's house.
Means "little abbot"
from Italian abate
and the diminutive suffix -elli
Means "little abbot"
from Italian abate
and the diminutive suffix -icchio
, from Latin -iculus
Abe 1 Japanese
From Japanese 安 (a)
meaning "peace" and 倍 (be)
meaning "multiple times".
Abe 2 Japanese
From Japanese 安 (a)
meaning "peace" and 部 (be)
meaning "part, section".
From Italian acerbo
meaning "bitter, harsh, severe"
Perhaps a nickname for a punctual or fast person, from Italian adesso
meaning "now, at this moment"
From Latin affinis
meaning "neighbouring, kindred"
From Italian agnello
(ultimately from Latin agnus
), denoting a pious or timid person.
From Latin Agnus Dei
meaning "lamb of God"
. This was a nickname for someone who was particularly religious or someone who wore this symbol.
From Turkish ak
"white" and soy
From Dutch allerliefste
meaning "most dearest"
. This name could have referred to the nature of the person or perhaps a phrase the person commonly used.
From an Italian nickname derived from allegro
meaning "quick, lively"
Aquino Italian, Spanish
From the name of an Italian town near Rome, derived from Latin aqua
meaning "water", the home town of the 13th-century saint Thomas Aquinas. In Italy the surname is derived directly from the town's name. As a Spanish-language surname, it was sometimes bestowed by missionaries in honour of the saint as they evangelized in Spanish colonies.
in Hungarian. A famous bearer of the name was Hungarian poet János Arany (1817-1882).
From Italian armato
meaning "armed, armoured, equipped"
Means "strong arm"
from Middle English. Tradition holds that the family is descended from Siward, an 11th-century Earl of Northumbria. Famous bearers of this name include the Americans Louis Armstrong (1901-1971), a jazz musician, and Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), an astronaut who was the first person to walk on the moon.
in Dutch, originally describing a person who wore a beard.
Bachchan Indian, Hindi
From Hindi बच्चा (bachcha)
, a word of Persian origin. This surname was adopted by the Indian poet Harivansh Rai Srivastava (1907-2003).
From Middle High German bër "bear"
or ber "boar"
. This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
Baines 2 English
From a nickname derived from Old English ban "bones"
, probably for a thin person.
From Middle English bal
, Old English beall
. This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
From Italian ballerino
, an occupational name or nickname for someone who liked to dance.
Probably derived from a Middle English word meaning "strife"
, originally given to a quarrelsome person.
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from the Germanic word baro "man, warrior, servant"
Originally a nickname for a short person, from Latin bassus "thick, low"
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle
, so named because they were sites of battles.
Beck 3 English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke
From a Middle English version of Old French bel chiere
meaning "beautiful face"
. It later came to refer to a person who had a cheerful and pleasant temperament.
Bello Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
From a nickname derived from Italian bello
"beautiful, fair" and uomo
Derived from Czech beran
meaning "ram, male sheep"
Probably from the Milanese word berlusch
meaning "cross-eyed, crooked"
Best 1 English
Derived from Middle English beste
, an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
From Italian bianco
, originally given to a person who was white-haired or extremely pale.
Bieber German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber
, possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
Means "fair-haired, blond"
in Italian. This name was borne by the American swimmer Matt Biondi (1965-).
From Old French bis
meaning "drab, dingy"
, a nickname for someone who looked drab.
Means either "black"
(from Old English blæc
) or "pale"
(from Old English blac
). It could refer to a person with a pale or a dark complexion, or a person who worked with black dye.
Variant of Black
. A famous bearer was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
in French. The name referred to a person who was pale, or whose hair was blond.
in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
Nickname for a wine drinker, from Old French boi
"to drink" and vin
Derived from Old French bon fils
meaning "good son"
From Old French bonne heure
meaning "good time"
From Middle English boneire "kind, courteous"
, derived from Norman French bon aire
From northern Middle English boni
meaning "pretty, attractive"
From nickname derived from the Piedmontese dialect word borgno
. This was the real surname of American actor Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012).
From a nickname derived from Dutch borst "chest"
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox"
in Croatian, a diminutive of bog
From Old High German breit
"broad" and bart
"beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
Originally a name given to someone who was a Breton or a person from Brittany.
Originally given to a person who was a Briton (a Celt of England) or a Breton (an inhabitant of Brittany).
Derived from Old English brocc
, ultimately of Celtic origin.
Originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin. A notable bearer is Charlie Brown from the Peanuts
comic strip by Charles Schulz.
From Middle High German brun
. It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
From a diminutive of French brun
in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
Buckley 2 Irish
From Irish Ó Buachalla
meaning "descendant of Buachaill"
, a nickname meaning "cowherd, servant".
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
Possibly a nickname derived from Middle English bole "fraud, deceit"
Derived from Old French bon cuer
meaning "good heart"
From Old French burel
, diminutive of bure
, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
From a nickname meaning "thick, stumpy"
, from Middle English butt
in Spanish, used as a nickname for a person with a large amount of hair.
Means "crooked nose"
from Gaelic cam
"crooked" and sròn
From a Gaelic nickname cam béul
meaning "wry or crooked mouth"
. The surname was later represented in Latin documents as de bello campo
meaning "of the fair field".
Means "white-haired, old"
in Spanish, from Latin canus
Capello 2 Italian
Nickname for a thin person, from Italian capello
meaning "a hair"
, ultimately derived from Latin capillus
From a nickname for a person with dark features, from Italian carbone
From an Italian nickname meaning "carnival"
, perhaps given to a festive person.
Means "close-cropped hair"
in Italian, also having the secondary sense "boy, young man".
Possibly from Old Spanish servanto
. A famous bearer was the Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616).
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon "charcoal"
, a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
From Old French castan "chestnut tree"
), a name for someone who lived near a particular chestnut tree, or possibly a nickname for someone with chestnut-coloured hair.
Russian form of Chayka
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, from Late Latin caballarius
"horseman", Latin caballus
in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock"
. The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
From the name of a type of hat characteristic of Sicily and southern Italy. This surname indicated a person who wore or made these hats.
Nickname derived from Italian corvo
Ćosić Croatian, Serbian
From Croatian and Serbian ćosav "beardless"
, ultimately from Persian کوسه (koseh)
From Cornish cough "red"
, indicating the original bearer had red hair.
Means "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
Nickname for a courteous person, derived from Old French curteis
meaning "refined, courtly"
Means "of the cross"
in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
Delgado Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish and Portuguese, ultimately from Latin delicatus
meaning "delicate, tender, charming".
Devin 2 English
Nickname for a person who acted divinely, from Old French devin
"divine", ultimately from Latin.
De Witte Dutch
Means "the white"
in Dutch, a nickname for a person with white hair.
Nickname for a lazy person, derived from the past participle of the Czech verb doležat "to lie down"
Donne Scottish, Irish
From Gaelic donn
, a nickname for a person with brown hair.
Derived from the Old Norse byname Draki
or the Old English byname Draca
both meaning "dragon"
, both via Latin from Greek δράκων (drakon)
meaning "dragon, serpent".
Means "right, straight"
in French, a nickname for an upright person.
From Chinese 杜 (dù)
meaning "stop, prevent"
or "birchleaf pear tree"
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux
"leader". It was a nickname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
From the dialectal English word dumbledore
. It was used by J. K. Rowling for the headmaster of Hogwarts in her Harry Potter
series of books, first released in 1997.
Dunn English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn "dark"
or Gaelic donn "brown"
, referring to hair colour or complexion.
Derived from Middle High German dunst "haze"
Durand French, English
From Old French durant
, ultimately from Latin durans
. This was a nickname for a stubborn person.
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl
meaning "nobleman, warrior"
. It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
From Old Norse eldr
, modern Swedish eld
, meaning "fire"
Derived from Old English ealdra
, used to distinguish two people who had the same name.
Denoted a person who was of English heritage. It was used to distinguish people who lived in border areas (for example, near Wales or Scotland). It was also used to distinguish an Anglo-Saxon from a Norman.
in Italian and denoted a child who was rescued after being abandoned by its parents.
Derived from Italian falco "falcon"
. The name was used to denote a falconer or a person who resembled a falcon in some way.
Derived from Old French ferrant
meaning "iron grey"
Derived from Middle English feare
meaning "friend, comrade"
in Hungarian, originally referring to a person with white hair or complexion.
Derived from Hungarian fej
, originally a nickname applied to a stubborn person.
in Hungarian, originally a nickname for a person with dark hair or a dark complexion.
Finch English, Literature
From the name of the bird, from Old English finc
. It was used by Harper Lee for the surname of lawyer Atticus Finch and his children in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird
Means "son of the king"
in Anglo-Norman French, from French roi
meaning "king". This name has been bestowed upon illegitimate children of kings.
Given to a person who was a Fleming, that is a person who was from Flanders
in the Netherlands.
From Hungarian fodor
meaning "curly, wavy"
, referring to a person with curly or wavy hair.
From Middle English, ultimately from Latin fortuna
meaning "fortune, luck, chance"
. This was possibly a nickname for a gambler.