ARENASSpanish From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena meaning "sand".
BARROSPortuguese, Spanish From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro meaning "clay, mud". This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
CLAYEnglish Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
CRAIGScottish Derived from Gaelic creag meaning "crag, rocks", originally belonging to a person who lived near a crag.
DUNBARScottish From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland, derived from Gaelic dùn meaning "fort" and barr meaning "summit", so called from its situation on a rock that projects into the sea.
FREITASPortuguese Means "broken" in Portuguese, a name for one who lived on broken, stony ground.
HARELJewish Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
HORTONEnglish From the names of various places in England, which are derived from Old English horh "dirt, mud" and tun "enclosure, yard, town".
KAMIŃSKIPolish From Polish kamień meaning "stone", a name for a stonecutter or for one who lived at a place with this name.
LOYOLASpanish, Basque From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
LYNDONEnglish Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
MACCARRICKIrish Means "son of Cúcharraige" in Irish. The given name Cúcharraige is composed of cú "hound" and carraig "rock".
MARMOItalian Means "marble" in Italian, possibly indicating a person who lived near a quarry or one who worked with marble.
PEAKEnglish Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac"peak". It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
POLLOCKScottish From the name of a place in Renfrewshire, Scotland, derived from a diminutive of Gaelic poll meaning "pool, pond, bog". A famous bearer was the American artist Jackson Pollock (1912-1956).
ROACHEnglish From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word that may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).