From the name of a type of leather-soled shoe or sandal made on the Balearic Islands. It originally indicated a person who made or sold this item.
Means "priest's street"
from Basque abas
"priest" and kale
in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
Derived from Spanish agua "water"
, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
From a place name that was derived from Spanish águila
, ultimately from Latin aquila
From the name of the Spanish town of Alburquerque, near the Portuguese border in the province of Badajoz. It is probably derived from Latin alba quercus
meaning "white oak".
Originally denoted someone who was from the city of Alfaro in La Rioja, Spain. It is possibly derived from Arabic meaning "the watchtower".
Designated a person who had originally lived in the town of Almeida in Portugal. The place name is from Arabic ال مائدة (al ma'idah)
meaning "the plateau, the table".
From a Spanish place name, possibly derived from Spanish alba
Aquino Italian, Spanish
From the name of an Italian town near Rome, derived from Latin aqua
meaning "water", the home town of the 13th-century saint Thomas Aquinas. In Italy the surname is derived directly from the town's name. As a Spanish-language surname, it was sometimes bestowed by missionaries in honour of the saint as they evangelized in Spanish colonies.
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many areas that bear this name in Portugal, which is of unknown meaning.
Denoted a person from Araia in the Basque Country, Spain. It is of uncertain meaning.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Aretxabaleta in Spain. It means "oak trees" in Basque.
From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena
Possibly derived from a medieval given name, of Germanic origin.
Aritza Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz
meaning "oak tree"
. This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
Arriola Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri
"stone" and -ola
"place of, house".
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís
From the name of a region in Spain, formerly a medieval kingdom. It is possibly derived from Basque asta
"rock" and ur
Barros Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro
meaning "clay, mud"
. This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
From the Basque place name Basurtu
, a village (now part of Bilbao) in Biscay. It means "middle of the forest".
Bello Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
, the name of a small Basque village, derived from Basque bolu
"mill" and ibar
"meadow". This name was borne by the revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
Originally indicated a person from the Spanish town of Borja in Aragon, derived from Arabic بُرْج (burj)
Busto Spanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture".
in Spanish, used as a nickname for a person with a large amount of hair.
From places named from Late Latin capralis
meaning "place of goats"
, derived from Latin capra
From various place names derived from Late Latin capraria
meaning "place of goats"
, from Latin capra
Campana Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
, ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
Means "white-haired, old"
in Spanish, from Latin canus
Topographic name derived from Spanish carrasca
meaning "holm oak"
(species Quercus ilex).
in Portuguese, perhaps originally referring to a person who lived near such a tree.
From the Spanish word casal
, ultimately from Late Late casalis
and Latin casa
Originally indicated a person from Castile, a region (and medieval kingdom) in Spain. The name of the region is derived from Late Latin castellum
Originally indicated a person who came from Catalonia, a region of eastern Spain.
Possibly from Old Spanish servanto
. A famous bearer was the Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616).
Chaves Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name Flavius
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of Chaves
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
From the name of a town in Burgos, Spain, derived from Late Latin contraria
meaning "area opposite".
Costa Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from the name of the town of Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain. It may be derived from Latin collis
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
Delgado Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish and Portuguese, ultimately from Latin delicatus
meaning "delicate, tender, charming".
Derived from the Basque place name Etxeberria
, which itself is derived from Basque etxe
"house" and berri
Originally referred to a person who lived close to a church, from Basque eleiza
"church" and ondo
Derived from the name of the town of Escamilla in Gualadajara, Spain.
Derived from the Basque place name Eskarzaga
, which itself is derived from Basque hazkar
Derived from the Basque place name Espartza
, a town in the province of Navarre.
in Spanish, a name for someone who lived near a thorn bush.
From Spanish espinoso
, ultimately from Latin spinosus
, a derivative of spina
meaning "thorn, spine".
Ferreira Portuguese, Galician
Denoted a person from a town named because it was near an iron mine, from Latin ferrum
Ferro Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin ferrum
. This was an occupational name for one who worked with iron.
From places named for Galician figueira
meaning "fig tree"
Fonseca Spanish, Portuguese
Originally belonged to a person who lived near a dry spring, from Latin fons
"well, spring" and siccus
in Portuguese, a name for one who lived on broken, stony ground.
Means "spring, well"
in Spanish, derived from Latin fons
Originally indicated a person from Galicia, a region in northwestern Spain.
Gallo Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin gallus
. This was a nickname for a proud person.
From a medieval given name of unknown meaning, possibly related to the Basque word hartz
meaning "bear". This is the most common surname in Spain.
From the name of the city of Gouveia in Portugal, of unknown meaning.
in Spanish, an occupational name for a soldier. It is derived from Late Latin werra
"war", of Germanic origin.
From the name of the town of Guzmán in Burgos, Spain.
in Spanish. The Spanish word is a contraction of the phrase hijo de algo
meaning "son of something". This surname was typically in origin a nickname or an occupational name for one who worked in a noble's household.
Possibly from Spanish holgar "to rest, to enjoy oneself"
Means "garden, orchard"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin hortus
From Spanish iglesia
, from Latin ecclesia
(of Greek origin).
León 1 Spanish
Referred to a person from the city of León in northern Spain, derived from Latin legio
) meaning "legion"
, so named because the Roman 7th Legion Gemina was stationed there.
Loyola Spanish, Basque
From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi
meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
Means "healthy, exuberant, lively"
in Spanish, originally used as a nickname for an elegant or haughty person.
From various places in Spain meaning "moon".
Machado Portuguese, Spanish
Denoted a person who made or used hatchets, derived from Spanish and Portuguese machado "hatchet"
, both from Latin marculus
Denoted a person hailing from one of the numerous minor places of this name in Portugal, possibly of Celtic origin.
From a nickname meaning "badly given, ill-favoured"
From the name of a place near Lugo in northern Spain. A notable bearer is the former Argentinian soccer star Diego Maradona (1960-).
Mata Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan
From Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan mata
meaning "trees, shrubs"
, possibly from Late Latin matta
meaning "reed mat".
From various Portuguese place names that were derived from Portuguese medeiro
, ultimately from Latin meta
meaning "cone, pyramid".
Merlo Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin merula
. The blackbird is a symbol of a naive person.
Derived from Spanish mora
, of Latin origin.
Derived from Spanish moral
meaning "mulberry tree"
, of Latin origin.
Patronymic derived from the medieval Spanish given name Muño
, from Latin Munnius
, possibly of Germanic origin.
Denoted a person who came from Navarre in northern Spain (Spanish Navarra
). The name of the region is of Basque origin, possibly from nabar
Nogueira Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician nogueira
meaning "walnut tree"
, from the Late Latin nucarius
, ultimately from Latin nux
Habitational name for someone who came from Obando in Extremadura, Spain.
From the name of the Ojeda river in Soria, Spain, possibly derived from Latin folia
Means "wild olive"
in Spanish, originally indicating one who lived near such a tree.
Means "olive tree"
in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin oliva
. It indicated a person who lived near or worked with olive trees.
Means "elm tree"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin ulmus
. The name originally indicated a person who lived near such a tree.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Okondo in Álava, northern Spain, possibly derived from Basque ukondo
Originally indicated a person from one of the two towns named Orellana
in Badajoz, Spain. Their names are probably derived from Latin Aureliana
meaning "of Aurelius
From a Spanish place name (belonging to various villages) derived from ortiga
Means "son of Orti"
, a byname deriving either from Latin fortis
meaning "brave, strong" or fortunius
From various Spanish place names, derived from Spanish padilla
, Latin patella
meaning "shallow dish", used to indicate a depression in the landscape.
Habitational name from the city or region of Palencia in northern Spain.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Pantoja, in Toledo, Spain.
in Spanish, originally a nickname for someone with brown hair.
Paredes Portuguese, Spanish
Denoted a person who lived near a wall, from Portuguese parede
and Spanish pared
, both derived from Latin paries
in Spanish, originally a nickname for a calm person.
Originally denoted a person who lived near a jutting rock, from Spanish peña
meaning "rock, cliff"
Pereira Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician pereira
meaning "pear tree"
, ultimately from Latin pirum
Porras Spanish, Catalan
From a nickname meaning "club"
in Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin porrum
From a nickname meaning "dark"
in Spanish, referring to a person with dark hair or skin.
Means "door, gate"
, a topographic name for a person who lived near the gates of the town.
Habitational name from Quesada, a place in Jaén in southern Spain. The place name is of uncertain derivation; it could be connected to Old Spanish requexada
meaning "corner, tight spot"
in Spanish, a nickname for someone with a large jaw.
From various Spanish place names derived from quiñón
meaning "shared piece of land"
, derived from Latin quinque
Quintana Spanish, Catalan
Originally indicated someone who lived on a piece of land where the rent was a fifth of its produce, from Spanish and Catalan quintana
"fifth", from Latin quintus
Denoted a person from one of the various places of this name in Spain, which may derive from Galician queiroa
Originally indicated a person who lived in a thickly wooded area, from Latin ramus
in Spanish, originally a nickname for a plump person, ultimately from Latin rotundus
Possibly derived from a variant of Spanish de rondón
meaning "unexpectedly, rashly"
Rey 1 English, Spanish, French, Catalan
in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex
), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
Means "little river, stream"
in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin riparius
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese rios "river"
, ultimately from Latin rivus
From Spanish ribera
meaning "bank, shore"
, from Latin riparius
Means "oak wood"
from Spanish roble
"oak", ultimately from Latin robur
Originally indicated a person who lived near an oak tree or forest, from Spanish roble
"oak", from Latin robur