South American Submitted Surnames

South American names include those from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABREGO Spanish
As a Spanish surname, it was from Spanish ábrego, which originally meant "African", from Latin africus. The vocabulary word in modern Spanish has lost this general sense and now means "south wind" (literally, "African (wind)").
ABURTO Basque, Spanish, Spanish (Mexican)
The surname Aburto is a topographic name from Basque aburto ‘place of kermes oaks’, from abur ‘kermes oak’ + the locative suffix -lo.
ACAMPORA Italian, Medieval Italian, Portuguese (Brazilian)
Acampora is a variant of Acanfora, from the medieval personal name Canfora, from canfora ‘camphor’ (from Arabic kāfūr).
ACERO Spanish
From acero "steel, steelworker" (from Late Latin aciarium), an occupational name for a metal worker or an armorer.
ACHIO Spanish (Latin American)
Possibly derived from the town, Achio, near Guadalajara in Mexico. The name itself is probably from the Nahuatl achio meaning "frequent".
ACUNA Spanish (Latin American)
Related tho the Acuna Indians of Mexico, there is also a city by the name. Popular in border areas of Mexico and Texas.
AFONSO Portuguese
Old (6th century derived) Iberian surname, associated with the first dynasty and King of Portugal, Afonso Henriques. The surname was used by all the subsequent illegitimate children of that dynastic line.
AGRAZ Spanish (Rare)
An occupational name for a vintner.
AGUDO Spanish
Agudo is sharp in spanish
ÁGUILA Spanish
From águila "eagle" (Latin aquila). This is either a nickname for a haughty man or one with an aquiline nose, or a habitational name from a place in Salamanca province called Águila.
AGUILERA Spanish
Habitational name from a location in Soria province, Spain, named Aguilera, derived from Spanish aguilera meaning "eagle's nest". A famous bearer is American singer Christina Aguilera (1980-).
AGUSTIN Spanish
From the given name AGUSTIN.
AIMAR Medieval English, Anglo-Saxon, Spanish
1. From the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name "Aethelmaer", meaning "famous noble." ... [more]
ALANÍS Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Andalusian municipality.
ALARCÓN Spanish
Alarcón was a fort owned by the arabs in the Iberian Peninsula (Alarcón literally meaning 'the fort' in arabic), and the spaniards had the goal of owning it during the spanish reconquista. After 9 months of siege, Fernán Martínez de Ceballos climbed the walls of the fort using only two daggers and opened the gates from the inside allowing the castillan army to come in and conquer Alarcón... [more]
ALBA Spanish, Catalan
From alba meaning "white".... [more]
ALBO Spanish, Italian, Jewish
It is derived from the name Albert, Alberto, Albino, and Alberico.... [more]
ALCÁNTARA Spanish
Habitational name denoting someone originally from the municipality of Alcántara in Extremadura, Spain. The name is ultimately derived from Arabic اَلْقَنْطَرَة‎ (al-qanṭara) meaning "the bridge".
ALCÂNTARA Portuguese
Portuguese cognate of ALCÁNTARA.
ALCANTARA Spanish, Filipino
Simplified form of ALCÁNTARA.
ALCARAZ Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
ALCOBENDAS Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
ALDEA Spanish, Romanian
Spanish "village"
ALEGRE Spanish, Portuguese
Nickname from alegre "bright, merry" (Latin alacer).
ALEJANDRO Spanish
From the personal name Alejandro, Spanish form of ALEXANDER.
ALFONSO Spanish, Italian
From the given name ALFONSO. It was sometimes adopted as a personal name by Jews.
ALHAMBRA Spanish
Refers to the Alhambra, a palace complex located in Granada, Spain. The name itself is derived from Arabic الْحَمْرَاء‎‎ (Al-Ḥamrā) meaning "the red one" or, ultimately, from Arabic أَحْمَر (ʾaḥmar) "red".
ALLENDE Basque, Spanish
Basque surname possibly linked to the Spanish word allende of Latin origin meaning "beyond" or "besides".
ALMADA Portuguese
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous city.
ALMANZA Spanish
Originally indicated a person from Almanza, a city in northern Spain. The city's name itself is derived from Arabic المنزل (al-manzil) meaning "the house".
ALMARZA Spanish
This indicates familial origin within either of 2 localities: the Castilian municipality of Almarza, Comarca of El Valle or the Riojan municipality of Almarza de Cameros.
ALMAZÁN Spanish
Habitational name demoting someone originally from the municipality of Almazán in Castile and León, Spain. The name itself is derived from Arabic المكان المحصن (al-makān al-ḥiṣn) meaning "the fortified place" or "the stronghold".
ALMAZAN Spanish (Americanized), Filipino
Unaccented form of ALMAZÁN primarily used in America and the Philippines.
ALMENARA Spanish
Almenara in Spanish is "beacon", but it is an old kind of beacon that consisted of a fire that was lit on top of the battlements to give a signal.
ALMODOVAR Spanish
Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (1949-)is a Spanish filmmaker, director, screenwriter, producer, and former actor who was born in Calzada de Calatrava, Spain. His films are marked by his employment of certain actors and creative personnel, complex narratives, melodrama, pop culture, popular songs, irreverent humor, strong colors, and glossy décor... [more]
ALMOGUERA Spanish
It indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
ALMONTE Spanish
From a place between Huelva and Sevilla. Means "the mountain".
ALPÍZAR Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous locality in the Andalusian province of Huelva.
ALVALLE Spanish (Latin American)
A beautiful valley in Ortona
ALVARENGA Portuguese
This indicates familial origin within either of 2 eponymous parishes.
ÁLVARES Portuguese
Portuguese cognate of ÁLVAREZ.
ÁLVARO Spanish
Either derived from the given name ALVARO or a variant of ALVAREZ.
ALVEAR Spanish
Unexplained.
ALZA Spanish
Means "to rise" or simply "rise"
AMARO Spanish
Originated in Italy
AMBRÌZ Spanish
" Probably a variant of Asturian-Leonese Ambres, a habitational name from a village in Asturies. Also a habitational name of Ámbriz a city in Angola, Africa, mainly of Portuguese descendants. "
AMORE Spanish
meaning love
ANDÚJAR Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Andalusian municipality.
ANES Portuguese
Means "son of JOÃO" in Portuguese.
ANGEL Spanish, Catalan, Occitan, English (Rare)
From the Latin personal name Angelus meaning "Angel", derived from the Greek word ἄγγελος (angelos) meaning "messenger" (see the given name ANGEL).
ANGUIANO Spanish (Latinized, Modern)
Anguiano is a small town in the province of La Rioja, Spain.
ANSELMO Italian, Spanish
Comes from the personal name ANSELMO, which is of Germanic origin (see Anselm). This was a distinctively Langobardic name, and was especially common in Lombardy in the Middle Ages.
ANTUNIEZ Spanish, Galician, Asturian
Meaning "son of Antonius." It is a last name that appears in northern Spain.
APOLLO Italian, Spanish
From the Greek personal name Apollo. There are several saints Apollo in the Christian Church, including an Egyptian hermit and monastic leader who died in 395 ad. The personal name derives from the name in classical mythology of the sun god, Apollo, an ancient Indo-European name, found for example in Hittite as Apulana "god of the gate" (from pula "gate", cognate with Greek pylē), therefore "protector, patron".
APONTE Spanish
A misdivision of Daponte. It originates from Majorca, Spain.
ARÀBIA Italian, Spanish
Ethnic name for someone from Arabia or some other Arabic-speaking country or a nickname for someone who had visited or traded with one of these countries.
ARAGON Spanish, Catalan, French
A surname and an autonomous community of Spain.
ARANDS English, Spanish
Anglicized version of a name given to residents of Aranda de Duero, a small town in the north of Spain.
ARAQUISTAIN Basque, Spanish
''Place of the ferns'' in Basque. It first appeared when a family arrived for the first time to a part of the Pyrenees where they where a lot of ferns. Then, that family, changed their last name to ''Araquistain'' which means ''place of the ferns'' in basque.
ARCHILA Spanish
Either a variant of Arcila or derived from Arabic الشَّلَّال (aš-šallāl) meaning "the waterfall".
ARCHULETA Spanish, English
Castilianized form of Basque Aretxuloeta, a topographic name meaning "oak hollow".
ARELLANO Basque, Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Navarrese municipality.
ARENCIBIA Spanish
Castilianized combination of the basque words of aranz meaning "thorn"; "hawthorn" + ibi meaning "ford" + a (basque article suffix); meaning someone living by a thorny ford. A "ford" is a body of water shallow enough to walk through; In this context topographically referring to a some places in Spain
ARGANDA Spanish (Latin American), Spanish
town in spain / arganda del rey
ARGUETA Spanish
This surname was most likely originally used to identify a person who lived in a characteristically bright or luminous area.
ARIZA Spanish
Spanish: habitational name from a place so named in Zaragoza province in Aragón.
ARJONA Spanish
Habitational name from Arjona in Jaén province.
ARMAS Spanish
Occupational name for an arms maker or soldier, from Spanish armas meaning "arms, weapons".
ARMENDARIZ Spanish, Basque
from the Basque personal name Armendari or Armentari, from Latin Armentarius 'herdsman'. Spanish and French variant of ARMENDARITZE, a habitational name from a village in Low Navarre named Armendaritze.
ARMENIA Italian, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Ethnic name or regional name for someone from Armenia or who had connections with Armenia. This surname is derived from the feminine form of Armenio, which is ultimately from Greek Αρμένιος (Armenios) meaning "Armenian"... [more]
ARMENTEROS Spanish
Habitational name from either of two places called Armenteros, in the provinces of Ávila and Salamanca, from the plural of armenatero meaning ‘cowherd’, from Latin armenta ‘herd(s)’.
ARMIJO Spanish
Derived from the Spanish adjetive "armigero", meaning "one who bears arms". First found in the Northern Region of Spain in Cantabria. Alternate spellings include: Armijos, Armigo, and Armija.
AROLA Spanish, Catalan, Occitan, English (American)
From Latin areola, diminutive of area (area).
ARROYO Spanish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Arroyo, from Spanish arroyo meaning "stream, brook, watercourse".
ASCENCIO Spanish, Italian
From the personal name (Latin Ascensius), favored by the early Christians, by whom it was bestowed with reference to the ascension of Christ (Late Latin ascensio).
ATIENZA Spanish, Filipino
Habitational name from the municipality of Atienza in Guadalajara province, Spain.
AUÑÓN Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
AURORA Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Occitan, Portuguese
Means "dawn" in Latin (see the given name AURORA).
AVAMILANO Spanish, Italian
Of Spanish origin, but probably has its roots in Italy due to the word "milano" which means Milan in Italian.
AVEIRO Portuguese, Spanish
Demonymic surname refering to Aveiro a city in middle north-eastern Portugal. A famous bearer of this surname is Portuguese footballer Cristiano Ronaldo.
AVELAR Portuguese
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Ansião.
AVELINO Spanish, Polynesian, Filipino
Spanish form of Avellino, the surname of the 17th-century Italian saint Andrew Avellino.
AVELLANEDA Spanish
It literally means "hazelnut grove", denoting someone who either lived near one or worked in one.
AVENA Spanish, Italian
A traditionally Spanish and Italian occupational surname for a "grain grower or merchant", or the Italian habitation surname for Avena, Calabria. Means "oats". From the Latin avēna meaning 'oats, wild oats, straw'.
AVENIDA Spanish (Latin American)
The name translates to English, meaning "avenue."
ÁVILA Spanish
From the name of a city in Castile and León, Spain, derived from Medieval Latin avis meaning "bird".
AYLLÓN Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Castilian municipality.
AZUAJE-FIDALGO Portuguese (Rare), Spanish, Italian
Fidalgo from Galician and Portuguese filho de algo — equivalent to "nobleman", but sometimes literally translated into English as "son of somebody" or "son of some (important family)"—is a traditional title of Portuguese nobility that refers to a member of the titled or untitled nobility... [more]
BADILLO Spanish
Topographic name from a diminutive of vado ‘ford’ (Latin vadum) or a habitational name from either of two places named with this word: Valillo de la Guarena in Zamora province or Vadillo de al Sierra in Ávila.
BAEZ Spanish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Spanish Báez, which might be a different form of PELÁEZ (cf. Páez). A famous bearer is American singer and activist Joan Baez (1941-).... [more]
BAEZA Spanish
From a place called Baeza in Andalusia, Spain.
BALAGUER Catalan, Spanish, Filipino
Habitational name for someone originally from the city of Balaguer in Catalonia, Spain.
BALLON Spanish
Theoretically it could be a variant of vallón, from valle ‘valley’, but neither form is attested as a vocabulary word or as a place name element. Alternatively, it could be a Castilian spelling of Catalan Batlló, Balló, nicknames from diminutives of batlle ‘dancing’.English: variant spelling of Balon.
BALZA Spanish (Archaic), Belgian (Archaic), Filipino (Hispanicized, Archaic)
The surname Balza is a derivation (BELZER, BALZAC, Balzer, etc.) of the ancient name "BALTHAZAR", meaning "one of the three wise men."
BANEZ Spanish
Spanish (Báñez): shortened form of Ibáñez
BARBERO Spanish
Spanish occupational name for a barber-surgeon (see BARBER), Spanish barbero, from Late Latin barbarius, a derivative of barba ‘beard’ (Latin barba).
BARBOSA Portuguese
denoting a person who lived by land that contained overgrown leafy vegetation from the portuguese word barba "leaf" + oso/osa (adjective suffix); variant of BARBOZA
BARCELONA Catalan, Spanish
Habitational name from Barcelona, the principal city of Catalonia. The place name is of uncertain, certainly pre-Roman, origin. The settlement was established by the Carthaginians, and according to tradition it was named for the Carthaginian ruling house of Barca; the Latin form was Barcino or Barcilo.
BÁRCENAS Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Castilian municipality of Espinosa de los Monteros.
BARREIRA Portuguese, Galician
From several habitations in Galicia and Portugal, from barreira meaning "clay or loam hollow".
BARRERA Spanish, Catalan
Either a topographic name for someone who lived near a gate or fence, from Spanish and Catalan barrera meaning "barrier", or a topographic name for someone who lived by a clay pit, from Spanish barrero, derived from the Spanish word barro meaning "mud, clay".
BARRIOS Spanish
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named with Spanish barrio "outlying suburb (especially an impoverished one), slum", from Arabic barr "suburb, dependent village". It may also be a topographic name for someone originating from a barrio.
BASKIR Turkish (Rare), South American (Rare)
Used by Jewish families that were running away from anti-semites. It's meaning is 'printer' or 'pressures are...'
BASTÍAN Spanish
From the given name BASTÍAN.
BATISTA Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese cognate of BAUTISTA as well as a Spanish variant.
BATRES Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
BAVIERA Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "Bavaria" in Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Catalan. Indicating for someone from Bavaria a state in Germany.
BEA Spanish
Habitational name from a place of this name in Teruel.
BEGA Spanish
Variant of VEGA.
BEJAR Spanish
From the town of the same name in Spain
BELALCÁZAR Spanish
It indicates familial origin within the eponymous Andalusian municipality with the coordinates 38°34′31″N 5°10′02″W.
BELRIO Spanish
From the Spanish word meaning "beautiful river".
BENAVIDES Spanish
Patronymic name from the Medieval personal name Ben Avid, of Arabic origin, derived from ibn Abd meaning "son of the servant of God".
BENITEZ Spanish (Americanized), Filipino
Unaccented form of BENÍTEZ primarily used in America and the Philippines.
BENTANCUR Spanish
One of the variants of BETTENCOURT or BETHENCOURT.
BERNARDES Portuguese
It means "son of Bernardo".
BESSA Portuguese
Origin in the name Beça surname of medieval ancestry
BETANCES Spanish, American (Hispanic)
Unexplained; probably related to Betanzos, the name of a town near A Coruña in Galicia.
BETETA Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
BETHENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
BETTENCOURT and Bethencourt are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BETTENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
Bettencourt and BETHENCOURT are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BEZOS Spanish
From bezo meaning "thick lips" in Spanish, referring to a person with blubber or thick lips.
BITENCOURT Portuguese (Brazilian), French (Rare), English
BITENCOURT, derives from Bittencourt, Bettencourt and Bethencourt; They are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BIURRARENA Spanish, Basque
Means apple in Basque.
BLAS Spanish
From the given name BLAS.
BLASQUEZ Spanish
From the medieval diminutive Velasco, from the Basque word 'bela' meaning "crow", and the diminutive suffix 'sko'.
BOCORNY Brazilian (Latinized, Rare)
Brazilian corrupted form of POKORNY.
BOLAR Spanish
Topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of soil of a particular type known as tierra bolar.
BOMBA Portuguese, Spanish, Polish, Ukrainian, Czech, Slovak
From bomba "bomb", (Latin bombus), hence probably a nickname for someone with an explosive temperament, or a metonymic occupational name for an artilleryman.
BONBA Basque, Spanish
From Basque bonba meaning "bomb", (Latin bombus), hence probably a nickname for someone with an explosive temperament, or a metonymic occupational name for an artilleryman.
BONIFACIO Portuguese, Spanish
From the given name BONIFACIO.
BONILLA Spanish
From the area of Spain of the same name
BORGES Portuguese, Spanish
Possibly from Old French burgeis meaning "town-dweller" (see BURGESS). Alternately, it may have denoted someone originally from the city of Bourges in France.
BRAGA Portuguese
The first man to own this name was a feudal lord on Portugal, near to the region of Coimbra. Could also come from the other surname "Bragança".
BRAGADO Portuguese, Spanish
This surname is a Spanish word which means "gritty", refering to a bull. ... [more]
BRAGANÇA Portuguese
From the city of Bragança in Portugal. It's also the name of the Royal House that ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910.
BRANCO Portuguese
from the the portuguese word Branco meaning "white", referring to someone with light skin and/or hair
BRAVO Spanish, Portuguese
From a Spanish and Portuguese nickname for a fierce or violent man (from Spanish and Portuguese bravo "fierce, violent"). This surname was borne by Charles Bravo (1845-1876), a British lawyer and possible murder victim.
BRIONES Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Riojan municipality.
BRIZUELA Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Castilian municipality of Merindad de Valdeporres.
BRUNO Portuguese
From a Germanic personal name, BRUN.
BUENDÍA Spanish
Probably a habitational name from Buendía in Cuenca province, Spain.
BUENO Spanish
generally an approving (or ironic) nickname, from Spanish bueno ‘good’.
BUITRAGO Spanish
This indicates familial origin within either of 2 eponymous municipalities: the Castilian one in El Campo de Gómara or the Manchego municipality of Buitrago del Lozoya in Sierra Norte, Comunidad de Madrid.
BULGARIA Italian, Spanish
Originally an ethnic name or regional name for someone from Bulgaria or a nickname for someone who had visited or traded with Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
BURRUCHAGA Spanish, Basque
From "Pais Vasco" in Spain.
BUSTAMANTE Spanish
Habitational name for someone originally from the town of Bustamante in Cantabria, Spain, derived from Latin bustum Amantii meaning "pasture of AMANTIUS".
CAB Spanish
Diminutive of CABELLO, CABRERA, or CABRAL.
CABA Spanish, Catalan
Variant of CAVA.
CABALLERO Spanish
Occupational name from caballero "knight, soldier, horseman" (from Late Latin caballarius "mounted soldier").
CABALLO Spanish, Spanish (Latin American)
Derived from the Spanish word cabello, ultimately derived from the Latin word caballus, meaning "horse". This denoted someone who worked in a farm that took care of horses, or someone who had personality traits attributed to a horse, such as energetic behaviour.
CABAÑA Spanish, Portuguese
Habitational name from a place named with Spanish cabaña ‘hut’, ‘cabin’ (Late Latin capanna, a word of Celtic or Germanic origin).
CABAÑAS Spanish, Portuguese
Habitational name from a place named with Spanish cabaña or Portuguese cabanha ‘hut’, ‘cabin’.
CAIXETA Portuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese common name for Tabebuia cassinoides, a tree native to Central and South America.
CAJIGAS Spanish, Filipino
Topographic name from the plural of Spanish cajigo, derived from quejigo meaning "gall oak".
CALDEIRA Portuguese
Name given to a maker of kettles or other cooking vessels.
CALDERA Spanish
Derived from Spanish caldera meaning "basin, crater, hollow", ultimately from Latin caldarium or caldaria both meaning "hot bath, cooking pot". The word also denotes a depression in volcanoes, and it is commonly used as an element for surnames denoting streams or mountains.
CALDERÓN Spanish
Occupational name for a tinker or a seller or maker of kettles from Vulgar Latin *caldaria meaning "cauldron". Alternately, it may be a habitational name for someone from any of various locations named Calderón or a topographic name from Spanish caldera meaning "crater, basin".
CALERO Spanish
Metonymic occupational name for a burner or seller of lime, from calero ‘lime’.
CALVETE Spanish
It means bald. It's a surname of the Galician origin.
CAMACHO Spanish, Portuguese
From the ancient European camb, meaning twisted or disfigured, denoting to someone with visible physical abnormalities, but could possibly also refer to residents of a particularly gnarly tract of land.
CAMARGO Spanish
Habitational name for someone from a place in Andalusia called Camargo.
CAMINO Spanish
Derived from the Spanish word for "path", or "walkway". This could have been used to denote a person who lived near a path, or one who built paths for a living.
CAMPUS Spanish
Derived from the Latin word campus, meaning "field". It denoted someone who either lived in a field or worked in one.
CANCIO Spanish
A name for a person who first held the position of Chancellor.
CANGUSSU Brazilian
The surname Cangussu has its origins in the Tupi-Guarani language and is a variation of Akangu’su, which means 'Jaguar'.
CANIZALES Spanish (Latin American)
This surname came from around the beginnings of 1800 in south regions of Colombia where sugar cane was cultivated. It's a variation of Cañizales, that literally means "sugar cane fields".
CANOMANUEL Spanish
The first part of this surname is possibly derived from Spanish cano "hoary, white-haired, grey-haired". The second part is derived from the given name MANUEL... [more]
CAPELLA Spanish, Catalan, Italian
From capella "chapel", a topographic name for someone who lived by a chapel or a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in one.
CARBAJAL Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CARBONERO Spanish
Famous bearers are Carlos Carbonero, a Colombian footballer who plays as a midfielder for Sampdoria on loan from Fénix and Sara Carbonero, a Spanish sports journalist.
CARCELÉN Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
CÁRDENAS Spanish
Habitational name from places in the provinces of Almería and Logroño named Cárdenas, from the feminine plural of cárdeno "blue, bluish purple" (Late Latin cardinus, from carduus "thistle")... [more]
CARDENETE Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
CARILLO Spanish, Italian
From a diminutive of the given name CARO.
CARLOS Spanish, Portuguese
From the given name CARLOS
CARMONA Spanish
Habitational name from any of various locations named Carmona, derived from Phonecian qʾrt-ḥmn meaning "city of Hammon" (the name of a Carthaginian deity).
CARRASCO Spanish
Topographic name from carrasco or carrasca "holm oak".... [more]
CARRERA Spanish, Italian
Spanish: topographic name for someone living by a main road, carrera ‘thoroughfare’, originally a road passable by vehicles as well as pedestrians (Late Latin carraria (via), a derivative of carrum ‘cart’), or a habitational name from any of various places named with this word.... [more]
CARRILLO Spanish
Variant of Carillo.
CARRIÓN Spanish
It comes from the knight Alonso Carreño, who distinguished himself in the conquest of the town of Carrión de los Condes (Palencia), where he founded his solar house.
CARTAGENA Spanish
From the name of the city of Cartagena in southeastern Spain, derived from Latin Carthāgō Nova meaning "New Carthage" (ultimately derived from Phonecian qrt-ḥdšt meaning "new city").
CASA Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Means "house" in Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian.
CASABUENA Spanish (Modern, Rare)
Means "Happy House" or "House of Happiness" in Spanish, with the Spanish word "Casa", which means "House" and Buena, meaning "Happy" or "Happiness".
CASCALHO Portuguese (?)
What I know about this surname is that it came from Alentejo, a region in Portugal countryside. The eldest Cascalho I know lived in Évora (city in this province) so I assume the name born there...
CASILLAS Spanish
From any of various places called Casillas or Las Casillas, from the plural of casilla, a diminutive of Casa. ... [more]
CASTANATI Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish Origins
CASTAÑEDA Spanish
Derived from the Spanish word castaña meaning "chestnut".
CASTAÑO Spanish, Galician
Means "chestnut tree" in Spanish and Galician.
CASTELLANOS Spanish
Castellanos is a Spanish habitational surname with the meaning "(from a place founded or inhabited by) Castilians". Greek (Kastellanos): topographic name from an adjectival derivative of kastello "castle" (from Late Latin castellum, a diminutive of castrum "fort", "Roman walled city").
CASTELLI Italki (Italian Jew), Semitic, Italian, Spanish
Italian patronymic or plural form of CASTELLO. ... [more]
CAVA Italian, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
From cava ‘cave’, ‘cellar’ (from Latin cavea), hence a metonymic occupational name for someone employed in the wine cellars of a great house, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a cave, or a habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word.
CEBREIRO Jewish, Portuguese
Cebreiro is an olive tree.
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