Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean"
Nickname for a wine drinker, from Old French boi
"to drink" and vin
From the name of the city of Bologna in northern Italy. It may derive from a Celtic word meaning "settlement".
Venetian name derived from the name of the town of Bondeno in northern Italy.
Derived from Old French bon fils
meaning "good son"
From Old French bonne heure
meaning "good time"
From Frankish bord
meaning "board, plank"
. This name belonged to a person who lived in a house made of planks.
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo
Italian form of BORJA
. This was the name of an Italian noble family who were influential during the Renaissance period.
From nickname derived from the Piedmontese dialect word borgno
. This was the real surname of American actor Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012).
From the name of the French region of Burgundy (called Bourgogne in French), which is named after the Germanic tribe the Burgundians, itself meaning "people from the high land".
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker"
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox"
Derived from the name of the region of Brabant in the Netherlands and Belgium. It possibly means "ploughed region" or "marshy region" in Old High German.
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM
. A famous bearer of this surname was the German composer Johannes Brahms (1833-1897).
Derived from the Italian town of Brembilla in Lombardy, itself named after the Brembo river.
BRAND (2) German
From Old High German brant "fire"
, originally a name for a person who lived near an area that had been cleared by fire.
From the name of a town near Venice, possibly derived from a Germanic (Lombardic) word meaning "field".
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
From Old High German breit
"broad" and bart
"beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
Indicated a person from the town of Breetz in Brandenburg, Germany. The meaning of the town's name is unknown.
Derived from the town of Briosco, near Milan. It may be of Lombardic origin.
Referred to a person who cleared land, from Old French briser
"to cut" and bois
From the name of the town of Brivio in Lombardy. Supposed it derives from a Celtic word meaning "bridge".
Means "bread baker"
from Middle High German brot
"bread" and becke
From Middle High German brun
. It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
From Middle High German buoche
"beech" and holz
Originally denoted a person who came from Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
From the medieval Italian given name Buonarroto
meaning "good increase". This was the surname of the Renaissance painter and sculptor Michelangelo (1475-1564).
From Old French burel
, diminutive of bure
, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
From German Burg
"fortress, castle" and Stelle
"place, position". This was a name given to a person dwelling at or near such a site.
in German, a name for someone who lived close to a thicket.
BUSTO Spanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture".
From the name of a city near Naples, originally Caiatia
in Latin, a derivative of the given name CAIUS
Occupational name from Sicilian càjitu
meaning "official, leader"
, ultimately from Arabic قاضي (qadi)
From the name of the town of Caivano near Naples, derived from Latin Calvianum
, derived from the Roman cognomen CALVUS
Originally given to a person who came from the region of Calabria in southern Italy.
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
, ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
From Cantù, an Italian town located in Lombardy, itself of uncertain origin.
CAPELLO (1) Italian
From Late Latin cappa
meaning "cloak, cape, hood"
. This was a name for one who made or wore cloaks.
CAPELLO (2) Italian
Nickname for a thin person, from Italian capello
meaning "a hair"
, ultimately derived from Latin capillus
Occupational name meaning "captain"
in Italian, ultimately from Latin caput
From a nickname for a person with dark features, from Italian carbone
Originally denoted someone from San Pietro di Caridà, a town in Calabria. The town's name may be derived from Greek χάρις (charis)
meaning "grace, kindness".
From an Italian nickname meaning "carnival"
, perhaps given to a festive person.
From the name of a city in Tuscany famous for its marble quarries. It is probably derived from Late Latin quadreria
Means "close-cropped hair"
in Italian, also having the secondary sense "boy, young man".
Indicated a person from any of the various towns named Cassano in Italy.
in Italian, an occupational name for a horseman.
CHAPLIN English, French
Occupational name for a chaplin, or perhaps for the servant of one, from Middle English, Old French chapelain
. A famous bearer was the British comic actor Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977).
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape
meaning "cloak, hood"
. The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon "charcoal"
, a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
From Old French castan "chestnut tree"
), a name for someone who lived near a particular chestnut tree, or possibly a nickname for someone with chestnut-coloured hair.
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, itself from cheval
meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
, indicating a person who cultivated goats.
From Cingoli, a town in the Marche region of Italy. It is derived from Latin cingo
From the given name Cino
, a short form of names ending in cino
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
Derived from French clou
, referring to someone who made or sold nails.
From Italian cuoio
, ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a house where doves were held.
Either from Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
From the Italian noble title conte
, derived from Latin comes
. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
Derived from the names of places in northern Italy, especially Lombardy, from a word that means "crag, cliff"
in the Lombard dialect.
Nickname derived from Italian corvo
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
From the name of the city of Crema in Lombardy, northern Italy.
From the Italian city of Cremona, south of Milan, in Lombardy.
Originally denoted one who came from Aramits, the name of a town in the French Pyrenees that is possibly derived from Basque haran
DE CAMPO Italian
Locative surname derived from place names called Campo (meaning "field").
Means "of the cross"
in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
Means "from the rose bushes"
, from French rosier
"rose bush". It probably referred to a person who lived close to, or cared for a rose garden.
DI CAPRIO Italian
From the name of the island of Capri near Naples, itself possibly derived from Latin capra
meaning "goat" or Greek κάπρος (kapros)
meaning "wild boar".
from Middle High German drehen
"to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
Derived from Middle High German dreschen "to thresh"
. A thresher was a person who separated the grains from a cereal plant by beating it.
Originally indicated a person who came from the city of Dresden in German.
from Middle High German dreseler
, an agent derivative of drehen
"to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
Means "right, straight"
in French, a nickname for an upright person.
Means "from the forest"
, from French bois
Means "from the fort"
, from French fort
Occupational name for a baker, from French four "oven"
Means "from the mountain"
, from French mont
Derived from Middle High German dunst "haze"
Means "from the bridge"
, from French pont
DURAND French, English
From Old French durant
, ultimately from Latin durans
. This was a nickname for a stubborn person.
EBNER (1) German
Originally indicated a dweller on a flat piece of land, derived from Middle High German ebene "plateau"
From Old High German ecka
meaning "edge, corner" and stein
South German occupational name meaning "plowman"
, derived from German eggen
"to harrow, to plow".
in German, indicating a person who lived near an oak tree.
in Italian and denoted a child who was rescued after being abandoned by its parents.
, related to Old High German ahsa
From Italian fabbro
, ultimately from Latin faber
Derived from Italian falco "falcon"
. The name was used to denote a falconer or a person who resembled a falcon in some way.
Occupational name meaning "dyer"
, derived from German Farbe
Occupational name for a miller, derived from Italian farina "flour"
Derived from the name of a place on Sicily, Italy, derived from Latin far
meaning "wheat, spelt".
, a German carnival (Fastnacht
meaning "eve of the beginning of the fast", or the time before Lent) celebrated in Austria and Bavaria, and bauer
Means "land agent, bailiff, steward, farmer"
Occupational name meaning "mower"
in French, ultimately from Latin falx
meaning "sickle, scythe".
From Italian fava
referring to a type of broad bean.
Possibly indicated a person from the town of Faverges in eastern France, derived from Old French faverge
FAY French, English
Referred to a person who came from various places named Fay or Faye in northern France, derived from Old French fau
"beech tree", from Latin fagus
FELD German, Jewish
in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Fermo in the Marche region of Italy, originally called Firmum
in Latin meaning "strong, steady, firm".
Occupational name for a metalworker or smith, derived from Latin ferrarius
, a derivative of ferrum
FERRO Italian, Portuguese
, ultimately from Latin ferrum
. This was an occupational name for one who worked with iron.