Possibly from German spielen
meaning "to play, to jest" combined with meyer
meaning "village headman". Perhaps it referred to someone who was played or acted as the village headman.
in Italian, derived from Latin speciarius
Denoted a person who lived near thorn bushes, from Italian spina "thorn, spine"
, from Latin.
in German, indicating the original bearer lived near a pointed hill.
Means "sharp nail"
in German, an occupational name for a nailsmith.
From the medieval Italian given name Stabile
meaning "stable, firm"
Northern Italian name derived from Latin stabulum
STARK English, German
From a nickname meaning "strong, rigid"
, from Old English stearc
or Old High German stark
STEIN German, Jewish
From Old High German stein
. It might indicate the original bearer lived near a prominent stone or worked as a stonecutter. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Means "stone man"
in German, used as a habitational name for a person who lived near a prominent stone or an occupational name for a stone worker.
Occupational name for a post maker, from Old High German stanga "pole"
Name for a dweller by a stump of a large tree, from Middle Low German stubbe "stub"
Derived from Middle High German stiuben
meaning "to run away"
. It may have been given as a nickname to a cowardly person or a thief.
Derived from the name of the town of Stilo in southern Italy. It is possibly derived from Greek στυλος (stylos)
meaning "column, pillar".
Means "stump leg"
from Middle Low German stoppel
"stump" and bein
From Old High German strub
meaning "rough, unkempt"
Means "straw man"
in German, an occupational name for a seller of straw.
Occupational name for the owner of an inn, derived from Old High German stuba "room"
Nickname for a short person or a topographic name someone who lived near a prominent stump, from Middle High German stumpf
in German, originally a nickname for a volatile person.
Variant of SÜß
. A famous bearer was the American children's author Dr. Seuss (1904-1991), who was born Theodor Seuss Geisel.
Toponymic name from German places named Sulzbach meaning "salty stream", derived from Old High German sulza
"salty water" and bah
From Old High German suozi
From the nickname tafano
, indicating an annoying person.
Possibly from the Germanic given name THIETMAR
. It is typical of the area around Trieste in northern Italy.
Possibly means "drummer"
, from Italian tamburo
Originally indicated a person from a place named Tange in northern Germany.
in German, derived from Middle High German tanzen
Locational name that originally designated a person who came from Taranto, a city in southeast Italy, which was originally called Ταρας (Taras)
by Greek colonists. A famous bearer of this name is the American director Quentin Tarantino (1963-).
From Old French tasse "purse, bag"
, an occupational name for a maker or seller of purses.
From a nickname meaning meaning "dove"
From the place name Taverna, common in different parts of Italy. It means "inn, tavern" in Italian.
Occupational name meaning "weaver"
, ultimately from Latin texarius
From a nickname meaning "devil"
in German, given to a mischievous person or one who was devil-like.
Possibly of Germanic origin meaning "shepherd"
. This surname is typical of Lombardy.
Derived from the resort town of Tivoli, near Rome, originally called Tibur
in Latin, of uncertain origin.
From a regional form of a given name Todaro
, a variant of TEODORO
. It is quite common in Sicily.
Derived from Saxon tollkühn
. A famous bearer was the English author J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973).
From a medieval Italian name given to a boy born after the death of a previous one, derived from Italian ritorna in casa
"come back home".
, usually denoting a younger man, from Latin tonsus
From a nickname for a tough, stubborn person, from Italian tosto "hard, tough"
From the name of the Sicilian city of Trapani, derived from Greek δρεπανη (drepane)
TRAVERS English, French
From an English and French place name that described a person who lived near a bridge or ford, or occasionally as an occupational name for the collector of tolls at such a location. The place name is derived from Old French traverser
(which comes from Late Latin transversare
), which means "to cross"
Originally denoted someone who lived by a set of steps, from Middle High German trit "step"
Denoted a person coming from a place of this name in northern Italy.
Possibly from Middle High German trame
"rafter, frame" and bauer
Possibly derived from a Slavic given name of unknown meaning.
From the name of the town of Turate near Como in Lombardy.
in Italian, either a nickname for a person who resembled a bird or an occupational name for a birdcatcher.
Possibly denoted a person from the town of Unkel in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Refers to a restless, fidgety, nervous person, from German unruhe
in Italian, originally denoting a person who worked with cattle.
Patronymic from the given name Valente
, an Italian form of VALENS
. A famous bearer of the surname was Jack Valenti (1921-2007), advisor to American president Lyndon Johnson.
Derived from one of the many towns of this name in Italy.
From the name of the historical Italian city Ventimiglia, now near the French border, ultimately from Latin Albintimilium
From the name of the city of Verona, one of the most important historical cities of northern Italy. The meaning of the city's name is uncertain.
VICARIO Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, an ecclesiastic title used to denote a representative of a bishop. It is derived from Latin vicarius
meaning "substitute, deputy".
in Italian, derived from Latin vicus
VILLA Italian, Spanish
in Italian and Spanish, from Latin. It was originally given to a person who came from a town, as opposed to the countryside.
VINCI (2) Italian
Originally indicated a person from Vinci near Florence, the birthplace of Leonardo da Vinci.
VOGEL German, Dutch
From Old High German and Old Dutch fogal
. It was originally an occupational name for a bird catcher, or a nickname for a person who liked to sing.
Occupational name from Middle High German voget
meaning "bailiff, lawyer"
, ultimately from Latin advocatus
Derived from given names beginning with the Germanic element fulc
From the name of the alpine valley of Valtellina in Lombardy, northern Italy.
VON BRANDT German
Means "from the area cleared by fire"
, from Middle High German brant
VON ESSEN German
Means "from Essen"
, a city in Germany, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc
meaning "ash tree".
VON GRIMMELSHAUSEN German
Means "from Grimmelshausen"
, a town in Germany. It is itself derived from Grimmel
, of uncertain meaning, and hausen
meaning "houses". A famous bearer was the German author Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen (1621-1676).
Possibly from the Germanic vonn
meaning "hunting track" and gut
meaning "good". A famous bearer was the American author Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007).
From Middle Low German vos
. It was originally a nickname for a clever person or a person with red hair.
From Middle High German wagener
meaning "wagon maker, cartwright"
. This name was borne by the German composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883).
Possibly derived from a German place name Falkenhorst
, from Falken
meaning "falcons" and Horst
WANG (2) German, Dutch
From Middle High German and Middle Dutch wange
, possibly a nickname for someone with round or rosy cheeks.
Denoted a person from Waxweiler, a village in the Eifel region of Germany.
From German Wein
, an occupational name for a wine seller or producer.
From Middle High German wiz
. This was originally a nickname for a person with white hair or skin.
WEST English, German
Denoted a person who lived to the west of something, or who came from the west.
Means "village, town"
, derived from Latin vicus
From the name of a German town, derived from German wild
"wild, untamed" and Grube
Derived from Old High German winkil
WINTER English, German, Swedish
From Old English winter
or Old High German wintar
. This was a nickname for a person with a cold personality.
WIRTH German, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt
WOLF German, English
From Middle High German or Middle English wolf
, or else from a Germanic given name beginning with this element.
From Middle Low German wrok
From Greek ξυλον (xylon)
meaning "wood, forest" and ανδρος (andros)
meaning "man". This surname was a Greek translation of German surnames of the same meaning.
Derived from a diminutive of the given name GIOVANNI
. A famous bearer is Argentinian soccer player Javier Zanetti (1973-).
From Italian zappa
meaning "hoe, mattock"
, probably denoting a farmer. Two musicians of Italian origin have bore this name: Francesco Zappa (1717-1803) and Frank Zappa (1940-1993).
ZELLWEGER German (Swiss)
Originally denoted a person from the Appenzell region of Switzerland. The place name is derived from Latin abbatis cella
meaning "estate of the abbot"
. A famous bearer is actress Renée Zellweger (1969-).
in German, from Middle High German ziegel
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter"
, derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann
Derived from the given name Zino
, a short form of names ending with -zino
, such as Lorenzino
, a diminutive of LORENZO
, or Vincenzino
, a diminutive of VINCENZO