are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Habitational name for someone originally from Abruzzo, a region in southern Italy.
ABEGG German, German (Swiss)
Topographic name for someone who lived near the corner of a mountain, from German ab
meaning "off" and Egg
, dialect form of Eck(e)
meaning "promontory", "corner".
It is a french surname that comes from the french word 'about', meaning "an extremity of a metallic or wooden element or piece." This surname is notably born by the French novelist Edmond François Valentin About... [more
ABPLANALP German, German (Swiss)
Topographic name for someone living high on a mountainside, from German ab
- "below", "off" + Planalp
"high, flat mountain-meadow".
ABREO French, Italian
Abreo or its variant Abreu comes from the French Alfred (alf = Elf; fred = conseil). The meaning is wise counselor
Regional name for someone from the Abruzzi, a mountainous region of Italy east of Rome (cf. ABRUZZO
Regional name for someone from the Abruzzi, a mountainous region of Italy east of Rome (cf. ABRUZZESE
From Latin accola
‘neighbor’, ‘inhabitant’ (from Latin accolere
'to live near'). Accola
also meant 'tenant' or 'farmer' in Medieval Latin, which is likely the definition of the word that this name comes from.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a spring or stream, from Old High German aha meaning "running water".
Habitational name from places in Hesse and Westphalia named Achenbach, from the obsolete word Ach or Ache (from Middle High German ahe meaning "water", "stream") + Bach meaning "brook".
From an Italian place name meaning "running water, spring", literally "living water".
Habitational name from a place in Cosenza province named Acri.
AGASSI Armenian, Persian, Italian
The surname Agassi most likely evolved from a nickname for someone resembling a mappie, perhaps jokingly referred to as chattering or nagging person. ... [more
two hypotheses: either from the Greek agyrmos
meaning "symposium, meeting" which was the name of the first day of the Misteri Eleusini
in Athens.... [more
The earliest known instance of this name AGOSTINELLI was St. Aurelius Augustinus, also known as Augustine of Hippo (354-430) the greatest of the Latin church fathers. He was born in Tagaste in Numidia which is modern Tunisia.... [more
Comes from an ancient Roman cognomen, Acutus
, also possibly derived from Italian "aguzzo" meaning sharp, pointed.
From the old personal name Albern
, from Germanic adal
meaning "noble" and boran
Southern Italian : ethnic name from albanese ‘(an) Albanian’, applied to someone from Albania or from one of the Albanian settlements in Abruzzo, Apulia, Campania, and Sicily.
Alber family name was first found in Alsace. The nickname given to someone fair in complexion or blond haired is derived from Latin word Albanus, which means white.
From given name Alberto, the Latin translation of Germanic Albert.
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Albinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name ALBIN
Habitational name for someone from Aldingen in Württemberg.
(or Alfano) three possibilities: from the German word halfer
("helper"), from a place called Alfano, which is supposed to be from the Arab al fannan
("wild donkey"), and Alfana is the name of a race (as in type) of Arab horses, so could be someone related to horses.
Algieri is classified as a geographical surname. Specifically, it is a nation name, referring to the country of Algeria in northern Africa.
From the given name Alighiero
, Italian form of Aldiger
. A famous bearer of this surname is Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), author of the Divine Comedy.
ALLEMAN French (Cajun), Spanish (Canarian), German
From the French and Spanish word for "German". Believed to have originated in the Alsace-Lorraine region. Some holders of the name migrated to the Canary Islands and are part of the larger Isleños population that settled throughout the Americas... [more
ALLEMANN German (Swiss)
Allemann (also spelled ALLEMAN
, and Allamán
) is a surname that can be found primarily in Switzerland deriving from the Latin surname, Alemannus, which refers to someone of Germanic descent, specifically from the Alamanni tribe... [more
Habitational name from any of ten or more places called Allendorf.
The harried officials at Ellis Island began to assign surnames based upon the pronunciation of the name by the immigrant, rather than attempting to ferret out the actual spelling. ... [more
ALMENDINGER German, German (Swiss)
Habitational name for someone from a place called Allmendingen, of which there are two examples in Switzerland, in Bern canton, and one in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.
(or Alpino) possibly denoting a person from the Alpes.
Probably originally a locational surname and a place name for a village which no longer exists. Alscheid (Luxembourgish: Alschent) is a village in the commune of Kiischpelt, in northern Luxembourg. As of 2001, the village had a population of 47.... [more
ALT German, Jewish
From German alt
‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
A surname predominantly found in Westphalia and the Rhineland region of Germany which is derived from German alt
"old" and Hof
in the local dialects) "farmstead; farm; manor".
Status name for an older steward, headman, or tenant farmer, as distinguished from a younger one, from Middle High German alt ‘old’ + meier ‘steward’, ‘headman’, ‘tenant farmer’
Habitational name for someone from a place called Altringen or Aldingen, of which there are two in Württemberg.
From the personal name ADELWARD
, composed of the Germanic elements adal
‘noble’ + ward
AMBERG German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more
There are two hypotheses: the first is it derived from the Latin name Amelius which came from Amius, name of Etruscan origin; the other is it derived from Amali, name of a mighty Ostrogothic family, which means "virgin of the forest".
Southern Italian: habitational name from any of several places in southern Italy named Amendola or Mendola, named with the dialect word amendola 'almond', 'almond tree' (from Greek amygdalea), or a topographic name for someone who lived by an almond tree or trees.
AMES English, German
English: from the Old French and Middle English personal name AMYS
, which is either directly from Latin amicus
‘friend’, used as a personal name, or via a Late Latin derivative of this, Amicius
A contraction of Ambetmann, for a court official. If there is a double "M", the origin might be Swiss.
From the profession of bear hunter, meaning literally "slaughter the bear".
AMMER German, English (Rare)
This surname may be derived from Middle High German amer
which means "bunting (as in the bird)." As such, it is used as a nickname for someone with a fine voice or someone who is a flamboyant dresser.... [more
Nickname for a day laborer, as opposed to someone who owned fields, from Middle High German āne meaning "without" + acker meaning "field".
From a popular medieval personal name, Angelo
, Latin Angelus
, from Greek angelos
"messenger, angel" (considered as a messenger sent from God).
Means "great angels" in Italian. It derives from Biblical Latin angelus
meaning "angel", ultimately from Ancient Greek angelos
, originally meaning "messenger", changing meaning in the Bible.
From Angrisano, a habitational name for someone from Angri in Salerno province.
From Catalan anull
, meaning "slow worm". It is originally a nickname given to a spineless and slow person. The French author Jean Anouilh is a famous bearer of this surname.
Occupational name for someone whose job was to keep a dam or pool filled with water. (Anschützen "to fill up")
The surname Anzalone was first found in Bolgna (Latin: Bononia).
Southern Italian: from a diminutive of apa ‘bee’, probably applied as a nickname for an industrious person, or possibly as a metonymic occupational name for a beekeeper.
APOLLO Italian, Spanish
From the Greek personal name Apollo
. There are several saints Apollo in the Christian Church, including an Egyptian hermit and monastic leader who died in 395 ad. The personal name derives from the name in classical mythology of the sun god, Apollo
, an ancient Indo-European name, found for example in Hittite as Apulana
"god of the gate" (from pula
"gate", cognate with Greek pylē
), therefore "protector, patron".
Habitational name from L'Aquila in Abruzzo or from any of various smaller places called Aquila.
ARÀBIA Italian, Spanish
Ethnic name for someone from Arabia or some other Arabic-speaking country or a nickname for someone who had visited or traded with one of these countries.
Ethnic name denoting someone from Arabia or an Arabic-speaking person.
Means “heralds” in Italian. Famous bearers include Italian painters Alessandro Araldi (c. 1460 – c. 1529) and Paolo Araldi (18th century – after 1820).
Occupational name from Middle High German arbeiter ‘laborer’.
The name Archambeau is derived from the Latin personal name 'Arcambaldus'. In turn the name 'Arcambaldus', is derived from the Germanic word 'Ercan', which means precious in Germanic, and 'bald', meaning bold and daring.... [more
ARENALDI Italian (Rare)
Originally found in the Campania, Foggia area. Derived from the medieval name of Germanic origin Arenaldus or Arinaldus
"silver", perhaps sometimes applied as a nickname for someone with silvery gray hair, but more often a metonymic occupational name for a silversmith.
ARIES English, French
The name means either a person who worked in a fashion of the "Arras" cloth, as in the quotation "one bede Coveringe of Aries" (1562), or someone who was a former inhabitant of Arras in France, or Arras in Yorkshire; the latter being a particularly popular source of the name.
From the Germanic given name Ariost
, meaning "battle-ready". A famous bearer of this surname is Italian poet Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1533).
Perhaps a habitational name from Oerlinghausen in North Rhine-Westphalia.
ARMAND PILON French
Armand is the original surname, and it is a French modification from a German surname. The original being Hartmann, that spelled by a francophone becomes Armand.... [more
ARMENIA Italian, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Ethnic name or regional name for someone from Armenia or who had connections with Armenia. This surname is derived from the feminine form of Armenio
, which is ultimately from Greek Αρμένιος (Armenios
) meaning "Armenian"... [more
A famous bearer was French philosopher Voltaire (1694-1778), whose birth name was François-Marie Arouet.
From arquet meaning "little bow" or "little arch" (diminutive of arche, from Latin arcus). It was originally an occupational name for an archer, but the French word arquet(te) is also found in the sense 'market trader' (originally, perhaps, one with a stall underneath an arch)... [more
Italian: from the medieval personal name Arrigo, a variant of Enrico.
ASCENCIO Spanish, Italian
From the personal name (Latin Ascensius), favored by the early Christians, by whom it was bestowed with reference to the ascension of Christ (Late Latin ascensio).
Derived from German asche
meaning "ash" (tanners worked with ash)
The medieval name originated from the German dukedom of Swabia. It denoted that the original bearer of the name probably held land in Swabia. Otherwise it could have been a name given to somebody who was from or born in Swabia.
It means "you bless", and it is also the device used by priests to spread holy water over people or places
It is the surname of the Home and Away family, The Astoni family, consisting of 4 members, Ben, Maggie, Coco and Ziggy.
Derived from Italian astore
meaning "goshawk", which is a bird of prey that was used for hunting in the Middle Ages. The surname had first started out as a nickname: either for a falconer, or for a person who had aquiline features or who was cunning by nature.
ATZERODT English, German
This was the surname of George Atzerodt, a conspirator in a plot to kidnap Abraham Lincoln.
A French last name meaning "armourer". Actor René Murat Auberjonois is a notable bearer.
AUBINE French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French feminine given name Aubine
, which was the French form of ALBINA
. But in other words, you could also say that Aubine was the feminine form of AUBIN
AUBINET French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Aubinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name AUBIN
AUBUCHON French (Modern, ?)
The Aubuchon name is French, but of uncertain origin. It is probably from the patronymic prefix au + buchon, a dialect term for a woodcutter (Standard French bûcheron).
Patronymic from the personal name CLAIR
or the nickname Leclair (‘the cheerful one’): (fils) à Leclair ‘(son) of Leclair’. It has also absorbed cases of Auclerc (from LeClerc).
Variant of ODELIN
, which is not to be confused with ODELÍN
as it is Spanish while the other one is French, though they could have similar origins in name.
Southern French nickname from Gascon dialect audet "bird", variant of standard Occitan ausèl (modern French oiseau).
Derived from first name 'Alda' which means 'wise and experienced.'
AUERBACH German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach
) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer
Italian (Campania) dialect variant of Uccello
‘bird’, hence either a nickname for a diminutive, birdlike person or an occupational name for a fowler. Compare Auciello
Originated in Germany. Means "Out of the Village". First used in the year 1135.
AUTRY English, French
A habitational name from any of the places in France named Autrey or Autry. French: from the Old French personal name Audry, from Germanic Aldric ‘ancient power’.
AVAMILANO Spanish, Italian
Of Spanish origin, but probably has its roots in Italy due to the word "milano" which means Milan in Italian.
AVENA Spanish, Italian
A traditionally Spanish and Italian occupational surname for a "grain grower or merchant", or the Italian habitation surname for Avena, Calabria. Means "oats". From the Latin avēna
meaning 'oats, wild oats, straw'.
It means 'small hedge' or 'small woody plot of land' in Old French.
AZUAJE-FIDALGO Portuguese (Rare), Spanish, Italian
Fidalgo from Galician and Portuguese filho de algo
— equivalent to "nobleman", but sometimes literally translated into English as "son of somebody" or "son of some (important family)"—is a traditional title of Portuguese nobility that refers to a member of the titled or untitled nobility... [more
Either (i) from the medieval French personal name Babel
, apparently adopted from that of St Babylas
, a 3rd-century Christian patriarch of Antioch, the origins of which are uncertain; or (ii) an invented Jewish name based on German or Polish Babel
BACKMAN English, Swedish, German
Combination of Old English bakke
"spine, back" and man
"man". In Swedish, the first element is more likely to be derived from Swedish backe
"hill", and in German the first element can be derived from German backen
"to bake"... [more
BACON English, French, Norman
An occupational surname for someone who sold pork, from Middle English and Old French bacun
, meaning 'bacon', which is ultimately of Germanic origin. Can also be derived from the Germanic given names Baco
, or Bahho
, from the root bag-
, meaning 'to fight'... [more
Derived from Old High German bero
The origins of this surname are uncertain, but it may be from Italian baffo
"mustache", with the Latinate feminine suffix probably due to the influence of the word famiglia
"family". Alternatively it may be Albanian in origin, of unexplained meaning.
BAIN Scottish, French, English
Nickname for a hospitable person from northern Middle English beyn, bayn meaning "welcoming", "friendly".... [more
From a nickname for someone with light brown or reddish-brown hair or beard, from baio
meaning "bay horse", ultimately derived from Late Latin badius
BALDACCHINO Maltese, Italian, Sicilian
Occupational name for an artisan who made the baldachin, also spelled baldaquin, a type of canopy used in cathedrals, from Italian baldacchino
"baldachin". This word is derived from Italian Baldacca
, a doublet of Bagdad
", the city where the material originally came from.
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name for someone from a place called Baldingen, either in Württemberg, Germany, or Aargau, Switzerland.
Occupational name or nickname for a dancer, Italian ballerino
, an agent derivative of ballare
BALLOU Haitian Creole, French (Caribbean), French
The Ballou name comes from that Medieval landscape of northwestern France known as Brittany. The name Ballou was originally derived from the family having lived in Brittany, where this distinguished family was established from ancient times... [more
Perhaps a topographic name from the dialect word balma
meaning ‘grotto’, ‘cave’, ‘jutting rock’.
Occupational name for a seller of spices and perfumes.
BALSANO German (Austrian), Italian
The roots of the distinguished surname Balzano lie in Austria. The name derives itself from "Balthasar," the name of one of the three Magi who followed the star to Bethlehem, and was popular as both a first name and a family name during the 18th century.... [more
Derived from Late Latin Bandus
itself from the Germanic band
and the Latin banda
, all meaning "sign, emblem, banner". It can also derive from the Italian word bando
meaning "announcement" from the Germanic bann
This interesting surname of German and Ashkenazic origin is a diminutive of the metonymic occupational name Band
, originally given to someone who made the wooden hoops with which wooden barrels were fastened together, deriving from the Germanic band
meaning "hoop", "band"... [more
Nickname for someone with a beard, Old French barbe
From Middle High German barbe
, the name of a species of fish resembling the carp; hence by metonymy an occupational name for a fisherman or fish dealer, or possibly a nickname for someone thought to resemble the fish in some way.
Derived from barbeau
meaning "barbel", a type of fish, hence a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman, or a nickname for a man with a sparse beard, the fish being distinguished by beardlike growths on either side of its mouth... [more
Derogatory nickname from barbera ‘barber’s wife’, a term also used to denote a prostitute or dishonest woman. Catalan (Barberà): habitational name from a place in Tarragona province, named with Late Latin Barbarianum ‘place of Barbarius’, a derivative of Barbarus (see Barbaro)... [more
During the middle ages, when people were named after their given job, Baril was what winemakers and brewers were named. Baril simply means "Barrel" or "Keg"
BARNO Italian, Ukrainian, French, Ancient Aramaic, Russian
The surname Barno was first found in the north of Italy, especially in Tuscany. The name occasionally appears in the south, usually in forms which end in "o," but the northern forms ending in "i" are much more common... [more
BARON English, French
From a title of nobility derived from Old French baron
of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly from Frankish barō
meaning "servant, man, warrior". It was used as a nickname for someone who worked for a baron or for a peasant with ideas above their station.
Possibly a variant of Barreur
, an agent derivative of barrer ‘to bar’, ‘to close or block off’, hence possibly an occupational name for a jailer or doorkeeper.
Occupational name for a gatekeeper, from Old French barier
The history of the Barrineau family goes back to the Medieval landscape of northern France, to that coastal region known as Normandy. Barrineau is a habitation name, derived from the place name Barrault, in Normandy.... [more