Browse Submitted Surnames

This is a list of submitted surnames in which the person who added the name is LMS.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AITCHISON     Scottish
Variation of Atchison.
ALARIE     French, French (Quebec)
French: reflex of the Visigothic personal name Alaric, which is composed of Germanic elements meaning ‘all power’. This form was established in Quebec from 1681.
ALBAZ     Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
AMORY     English, Norman
English from a Germanic personal name, Aimeri, composed of the elements haim ‘home’ + ric ‘power’. (The same elements constitute the etymology of Henry.) The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
ANDERSDOTTER     Swedish
Strictly feminine patronymic of Anders.
ARMOUR     Scottish, Northern Irish
From Middle English, Old French armure, blended with the agent noun armer (see Armer), hence an occupational name for a maker of arms and armor. The collective noun armure denoted offensive weapons as well as the more recently specialized sense of protective gear.
ASHBY     English
English: habitational name from any of the numerous places in northern and eastern England called Ashby, from Old Norse askr ‘ash’ or the Old Norse personal name Aski + býr ‘farm’.
AU     Chinese
Chinese variant of Ou.
AUGELLO     Italian
Italian (Campania) dialect variant of Uccello ‘bird’, hence either a nickname for a diminutive, birdlike person or an occupational name for a fowler. Compare Auciello.
AVEN     Scandinavian, English, German, Dutch, French (Anglicized)
Scandinavian: unexplained.... [more]
BA     Chinese
Chinese from the name of the kingdom of Ba, which existed in Sichuan during the Zhou dynasty (1122–221 bc). Descendants of some of the ruling class adopted the name of the kingdom as their surname... [more]
BARDEN     English
English: habitational name from places in North and West Yorkshire named Barden, from Old English bere ‘barley’ (or the derived adjective beren) + denu ‘valley’.
BARNER     English
Southern English habitational name for someone who lived by a barn.
BARRICK     English
Variation of Barwick.
BARWICK     English, German
English: habitational name from any of various places called Barwick, for example in Norfolk, Somerset, and West Yorkshire, from Old English bere ‘barley’ + wic ‘outlying farm’, i.e. a granary lying some distance away from the main village.... [more]
BAYERS     German
Variant of Bayer.
BEHR     German, Dutch
German and Dutch variant of the personal name Bähr (see Baer).
BENDTSDATTER     Danish, Norwegian
Strictly feminine patronymic for Bendt.
BEOLLAN     English, Irish, Scottish Gaelic
English: variant of Boland.... [more]
BERESFORD     English
English: habitational name from a place in the parish of Alstonfield, Staffordshire named Beresford, from Old English beofor ‘beaver’ (or possibly from a byname from this word) + Old English ford ‘ford’... [more]
BERNER     English, Norman
From the Norman personal name Bernier from Old English beornan ‘to burn’, hence an occupational name for a burner of lime (compare German Kalkbrenner) or charcoal. It may also have denoted someone who baked bricks or distilled spirits, or who carried out any other manufacturing process involving burning... [more]
BERNER     German, Low German
German habitational name, in Silesia denoting someone from a place called Berna (of which there are two examples); in southern Germany and Switzerland denoting someone from the Swiss city of Berne. ... [more]
BERNETT     Scottish, English
Altered spelling of Scottish and English Burnett or French Bernet.
BERRICK     English
Variation of Barwick.
BIRCH     English, German, Danish, Swedish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a birch tree or in a birch wood, from a Germanic word meaning ‘birch’ (Old English birce ‘birch’, Middle High German birche, Old Danish birk)... [more]
BIRKE     Low German, Swedish
North German variant of Birk. Perhaps a shortened form of any of various Danish and Norwegian surnames beginning with Birke-, for example Birkeland and Birkelund (‘birch grove’). ... [more]
BIRKS     English
Northern English variant of Birch.
BLACKBIRD     English
Variation of Blackbeard.
BLUFORD     English, American (South)
Possibly an English habitational name from a lost or unidentified place. The name occurs in records of the 19th century but is now very rare if not extinct in the British Isles. In the U.S. it is found chiefly in TX and TN.
BOCK     German, Upper German, Jewish, English
Altered spelling of German Böck (see Boeck) or Bach.... [more]
BOLDT     German
From the Germanic personal name Baldo, a short form of the various compound names with the first element bald ‘bold’.
BONGIORNO     Italian
Italian from the medieval personal name Bongiorno (composed of bono ‘good’ + giorno ‘day’), bestowed on a child as an expression of the parents’ satisfaction at the birth (‘it was a good day when you were born’).
BRASS     English, German
English (Northumberland): variant of Brace.... [more]
BRESLIN     Irish
Irish (Sligo and Donegal): Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Breisláin ‘descendant of Breisleán’, a diminutive of the personal name Breasal (see Brazil).
BRETON     French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret (oblique case breton) (see Brett).
BROUWER     Dutch
Dutch occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale, Middle Dutch brouwer.
BRUNSWICK     English, German
English habitational name from the city in Saxony now known in German as Braunschweig. ... [more]
BUERK     German (Anglicized)
German from a short form of the personal name Burkhardt, a variant of Burkhart.
BUERMEISTER     German
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur ‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester ‘master’.
BUFORD     English, French (Anglicized)
English: most probably a variant of Beaufort.... [more]
BURMEISTER     German
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur ‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester ‘master’.
BUSSE     German, English
German: variant of Buss. ... [more]
BYERS     German (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of German Bayers.
CAMPION     Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see Champion, Kemp), from the Norman French form campion.
CARLING     Swedish, German
Swedish: from the personal name Karl + the common suffix of surnames -ing ‘belonging to’.... [more]
CARNER     German, English
Americanized spelling of German Karner or Körner (see Koerner).... [more]
CARRERA     Spanish, Italian
Spanish: topographic name for someone living by a main road, carrera ‘thoroughfare’, originally a road passable by vehicles as well as pedestrians (Late Latin carraria (via), a derivative of carrum ‘cart’), or a habitational name from any of various places named with this word.... [more]
CASSATT     French
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault.
CASTILLE     French
Regional name for someone from Castile in central Spain (see Castilla).
CHALMER     Scottish
Variation of Chalmers.
CHALMERS     Scottish
Variant of Chambers. The -l- was originally an orthographic device to indicate the length of the vowel after assimilation of -mb- to -m(m)-.
CLEVELAND     Norwegian (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Norwegian Kleiveland or Kleveland, habitational names from any of five farmsteads in Agder and Vestlandet named with Old Norse kleif ‘rocky ascent’ or klefi ‘closet’ (an allusion to a hollow land formation) + land ‘land’.
COBAIN     Scottish
This unusual surname is of Old Norse origin and is found particularly in Scotland. It derives from an Old Norse personal name Kobbi, itself from an element meaning large, and the Gaelic bain, denoting a fair person, with the diminutive ('little' or 'son of') form Cobbie.
COILL     Irish
Meaning, "hazel tree."
COLDEN     English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Colden, from Old English cald ‘cold’ col ‘charcoal’ + denu ‘valley’.... [more]
COLES     English, Scottish, Irish, German (Anglicized), English (American)
English: from a Middle English pet form of Nicholas.... [more]
COLLARD     English, French
English and French: from the personal name Coll + the pejorative suffix -ard.
COLLINWOOD     English
Variation of Collingwood.
COMEAU     French, French (Acadian), Louisiana Creole
French: from a Gascon diminutive of Combe.
COMEAUX     French (Acadian), French Creole
Variant spelling of French Comeau.
COVEY     Irish, English
Irish: reduced form of MacCovey, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Cobhthaigh (see Coffey).... [more]
CRABB     English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba ‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe ‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
CRANSHAW     English
From Cranshaw in Lancashire, named from Old English cran(uc) ‘crane’ + sceaga ‘grove’, ‘thicket’.
CROGHAN     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Conchruacháin ‘son of Cú Cruacháin’, a personal name meaning ‘hound of Croghan’. Croghan in county Roscommon was the ancient royal site of the province of Connacht.
CROOKS     English
Patrynomic for Crook.
CRUSOE     English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
CUMBERLAND     English
Regional name for someone from Cumberland in northwestern England (now part of Cumbria).
CWYNAR     Polish
Polonized form of the German surname Zwirner, an occupational name for a yarn or twine maker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German zwirn ‘twine’, ‘yarn’
DAHLKE     German
Eastern German: from a pet form of the Slavic personal names Dalibor or Dalimir, which are both derived from dal- ‘present’, ‘gift’.
DALGLIESH     Scottish
Scottish habitational name from a place near Selkirk, first recorded in 1383 in the form Dalglas, from Celtic dol- ‘field’ + glas ‘green.’
DARLING     Literature, English, Scottish
English and Scottish: from Middle English derling, Old English deorling ‘darling’, ‘beloved one’, a derivative of deor ‘dear’, ‘beloved’ (see Dear). This was quite a common Old English byname, which remained current as a personal name into the 14th century... [more]
DAW     English, Scottish
English and Scottish from a pet form of David. ... [more]
DAW     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Deaghaidh, ‘descendant of Deaghadh’, a personal name of uncertain origin. It may be composed of the elements deagh- ‘good’ + ádh ‘luck’, ‘fate’; some such association seems to lie behind its Anglicization as Goodwin.
DEA     Irish, Chinese
Irish: reduced form of O’Dea.... [more]
DEARY     English
Nickname for a noisy or troublesome person, from Anglo-French de(s)rei ‘noise’, ‘trouble’, ‘turbulence’ (from Old French desroi). topographic for someone who lived by a deer enclosure, from Old English deor ‘deer’ + (ge)hæg ‘enclosure’.
DEERY     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Daighre ‘descendant of Daighre’, a byname meaning ‘fiery’.
DEVALSON     English
Meaning, "son of Deval."
DEVORE     French
French: variant of De Var, a habitational name for someone from a place named Var, for example in Charente. Respelling of French Devors, a habitational name, with the preposition de, for someone from Vors in Aveyron.
DIAMOND     English
English variant of Dayman (see Day). Forms with the excrescent d are not found before the 17th century; they are at least in part the result of folk etymology.
DICKIE     Scottish, Northern Irish
From a pet form of Dick.
DILLIE     German
Probably an altered spelling of Dilley or Dilly or possibly of German Dillier. A variant of Dilger.
DILLION     Irish, English
Possibly a variant of Dillon.
DINEEN     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Duinnín ‘descendant of Duinnín’, a byname from a diminutive of donn ‘brown-haired man’ or ‘chieftain’.
DOSS     German, German (Austrian), German (Swiss)
German: Habitational name for someone from Dosse in Altmark. Variant of Dose ... [more]
DUBHAGÁINN     Irish
Derived from the given name Dubhagáin.
DÜCK     Low German, German
North German nickname for a coward, from Low German duken ‘to duck or dive’. ... [more]
DUCK     Dutch
Dutch variant of Duyck. In a German-speaking environment, this is also a variant of van Dyck and Dyck.
DUGAN     Irish (Anglicized)
Surname derived from Ó Dubhagáinn.
DUGGAN     Scottish, Irish, English
Scottish and Irish variant spelling of Dugan. ... [more]
DUNDAS     Scottish, Northern Irish
Scottish and northern Irish (Counties Leitrim and Fermanagh): habitational name from Dundas, a place near Edinburgh, Scotland, which is named from Gaelic dùn ‘hill’ + deas ‘south’.
DUYCK     Dutch
Dutch nickname from Middle Dutch duuc ‘duck’; in some cases the name may be a derivative of Middle Dutch duken ‘to dive’ and cognate with Ducker. Compare also Duck
DYCK     Dutch
Topographic name for someone who lived by a dike, Dutch dijk. Compare Dyke.
EAMES     English
Probably from the possessive case of the Middle English word eam ‘uncle’, denoting a retainer in the household of the uncle of some important local person. Possibly also a variant of Ames.
EARLY     Irish, English, American, German
Irish: translation of Gaelic Ó Mocháin (see Mohan; Gaelic moch means ‘early’ or ‘timely’), or of some other similar surname, for example Ó Mochóir, a shortened form of Ó Mochéirghe, Ó Maoil-Mhochéirghe, from a personal name meaning ‘early rising’.... [more]
EGEDE     Scandinavian
Derived from a place name on Sjælland containing the name element EIK meaning "oak".
EICH     German
German from Middle High German eich(e) ‘oak’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived near an oak tree. In some cases, it may be a habitational name for someone from any of several places named with this word, for example Eiche or Eichen, or for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of an oak.
EICHHORN     German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich(e) ‘oak’ + horn ‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn ‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno, a compound of eih ‘oak’ + urno, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno ‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EISELE     German
From a short pet form of the personal name Isenhart, from Old High German isan ‘iron’ + hart ‘hardy’, ‘strong’. From Isenlin, a compound of Middle High German isen ‘iron’ + the hypocoristic suffix -lin, hence a nickname for a blacksmith, ironworker, or dealer in iron.
ELKINS     English
Patronymic of Elkin.
ELLENDER     German
Respelling of German Elender, a nickname for a stranger or newcomer, from Middle High German ellende ‘strange’, ‘foreign’, or a habitational name for someone from any of twenty places named Elend, denoting a remote settlement, as for example in the Harz Mountains or in Carinthia, Austria.
ELLERLY     English
Variant of Ellery.
ELLINGHAM     English
Habitational name from places so named in Hampshire, Northumbria, and Norfolk. The first of these is named from Old English Edlingaham ‘homestead (Old English ham) of the people of Edla’, a personal name derived from a short form of the various compound names with a first element ead ‘prosperity’, ‘fortune’; the others may have the same origin or incorporate the personal name Ella (see Ellington).
ELLINGTON     English
English habitational name from places in Cambridgeshire, Kent, Northumbria, and North Yorkshire; most are so named from Old English Ellingtun ‘settlement (Old English tun) associated with Ella’, a short form of the various compound names with a first element ælf ‘elf’, but the one in Kent has its first element from the Old English byname Ealda meaning ‘old’.
ELMORE     English
An English habitational name from Elmore in Gloucestershire, named from Old English elm ‘elm’ + ofer ‘river bank’ or ofer ‘ridge’.
EMERY     English, French, Norman
English and French from a Germanic personal name, Emaurri, composed of the elements amja ‘busy’, ‘industrious’ + ric ‘power’. The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
ENGELBERT     German, English, French
From a Germanic personal name composed of engel (see Engel) + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’. The widespread popularity of the name in France during the Middle Ages was largely a result of the fact that it had been borne by a son-in-law of Charlemagne; in the Rhineland it was more often given in memory of a bishop of Cologne (1216–25) of this name, who was martyred.
ESAU     Welsh, German
From the Biblical personal name Esau, meaning ‘hairy’ in Hebrew (Genesis 25:25).
ESLER     German
German: byname or occupational name for someone who drove donkeys, from Middle High German esel ‘donkey’ + the agent suffix -er.
EVERSON     English
Patronymic from the personal name Ever. See also Evers.
EVERTON     English
Habitational name from any of various places, in Bedfordshire, Merseyside, and Nottinghamshire, so named from Old English eofor ‘wild boar’ + tun ‘settlement’.
EVOLA     Italian
Perhaps a topographic name from ebbio ‘danewort’ (Sambucus ebulus), from Latin ebullus, or possibly a habitational name from a minor place named with this word.
FAGIN     Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): variant spelling of Feigin.
FALCONER     Scottish
Occupational name for someone who kept and trained falcons (see Faulkner).
FALLOW     English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe (Old English f(e)alg). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FAYRE     English
Variation of Fair.
FELTY     Upper German (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of South German Velte, from a short form of the personal name Valentin (see Valentine).
FENNING     English
Topographic name for a fen dweller, from a derivative of Old English fenn (see Fenn).
FÉVRIER     French
Meaning, "February."
FIELDING     English
Topographic name from an Old English felding ‘dweller in open country’.
FIFER     German, American, Slovene
Americanized and Slovenian spelling of German Pfeiffer.
FINCH     English
English: nickname from Middle English finch ‘finch’ (Old English finc). In the Middle Ages this bird had a reputation for stupidity. It may perhaps also in part represent a metonymic occupational name for someone who caught finches and sold them as songsters or for the cooking pot... [more]
FINE     Jewish (Anglicized)
Jewish Americanized spelling of Fein.
FINLAYSON     Scottish
Patronymic from Finlay.
FIRTH     English, Scottish, Welsh
English and Scottish: topographic name from Old English (ge)fyrhþe ‘woodland’ or ‘scrubland on the edge of a forest’.... [more]
FISH     Medieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
FORDE     English, Irish, Norwegian
English and Irish: variant spelling of Ford. This is a very common spelling in Ireland.... [more]
FORET     French, French Creole
From Old French forest ‘forest’, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a royal forest, or an occupational name for a keeper or worker in one. See also Forrest. This surname is frequent in Louisiana.
FORSYTHE     Scottish, Irish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic personal name Fearsithe, composed of the elements fear ‘man’ + sith ‘peace’. Some early forms with prepositions, as for example William de Fersith (Edinburgh 1365), seem to point to an alternative origin as a habitational name, but no place name of suitable form is known... [more]
FOULKS     English
English from a Norman personal name, a short form of various Germanic names formed with folk ‘people’. See also Volk.
FREDMAN     Swedish, Jewish
Swedish: ornamental name composed of the elements fred ‘peace’ + man ‘man’.... [more]
FRIEDMANN     German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German from a derivative of Friedrich. ... [more]
FURMAN     Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann)... [more]
FUSS     Medieval Low German
German from Middle High German fus ‘foot’, hence most probably a nickname for someone with some peculiarity or deformity of the foot, but perhaps also a topographic name for someone who lived at the foot of a hill.
GABLE     English
Northern English: of uncertain origin, perhaps a habitational name from a minor place named with Old Norse gafl ‘gable’, which was applied to a triangular-shaped hill. The mountain called Great Gable in Cumbria is named in this way.... [more]
GAGNEAU     French
Variation of Gagne.
GALBRAITH     Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
Ethnic name for someone descended from a tribe of Britons living in Scotland, from Gaelic gall ‘stranger’ + Breathnach ‘Briton’ (i.e. ‘British foreigner’). These were either survivors of the British peoples who lived in Scotland before the Gaelic invasions from Ireland in the 5th century (in particular the Welsh-speaking Strathclyde Britons, who survived as a distinctive ethnic group until about the 14th century), or others who had perhaps migrated northwestwards at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
GANNON     Irish
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mag Fhionnáin, a patronymic from the personal name Fionnán. This name, from a diminutive of fionn ‘white’, ‘fair’, was borne by several early Irish saints.
GARFINKEL     Yiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl ‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
GATLIN     English
English of uncertain origin; probably a variant of Catlin or Gadling, a nickname from Old English gœdeling ‘kinsman’, ‘companion’, but also ‘low fellow’.
GATLIN     German
Possibly an altered spelling of German Göttling, from a Germanic personal name formed with god ‘god’ or god ‘good’ + -ling suffix of affiliation, or, like Gättling (of which this may also be an altered form), a nickname from Middle High German getlinc ‘companion’, ‘kinsman’.
GERLING     German
German patronymic from a short form of a Germanic personal name beginning with the element gar, ger ‘spear’, ‘lance’.
GIBBON     English
English from the medieval personal name Gibbon, a pet form of Gibb.
GIEL     Medieval English
From a medieval personal name of which the original form was Latin Aegidius, from Greek aigidion ‘kid’, ‘young goat’. Compare English Giles.... [more]
GILLARD     English
English from a pejorative derivative of the personal name Giles.
GILLARD     English, French, Swiss
English and French from an assimilated form of the personal name Gislehard, a compound of Old High German gisel ‘hostage’, ‘pledge’, ‘noble youth’ (see Giesel) + hard ‘hardy’... [more]
GILLETTE     English, French
English: from a feminine form of Gillett.... [more]
GILLIARD     French, Swiss
French and Swiss French from a derivative of Gillier, from the Germanic personal name Giselher, composed of gisil ‘hostage’, ‘pledge’, ‘noble offspring’ (see Giesel) + heri ‘army’.
GILLIES     Scottish
Scottish variant of Gillis or McGillis.
GILLIS     Dutch
Dutch form of Giles.
GOERTZE     German
Probably a variant of Göretz, a reduced form of Gerhards (see Gerhardt), or a variant of Goertz.
GOERTZEN     German
German: probably a variant of Göretz, a reduced form of Gerhards (see Gerhardt), or a variant of Goertz.
GOGNON     French, Occitan
Nickname for an aggressive or belligerent man, from Old French Gagnon ‘ mastiff’, ‘guard dog’. Possibly from Occitan ganhon ‘young pig’, applied as an offensive nickname. See also Gonyeau.
GONYEAU     French
Respelling of French Gagnon, found predominantly in New England, possibly also of Gagneau, from a diminutive of Gagne.
GOODY     Medieval English
From Middle English god dai ‘good day’, possibly applied as a nickname for someone who frequently used this greeting.... [more]
GOTHAM     English
English: habitational name from Gotham in Nottinghamshire, so named from Old English gat ‘goat’ + ham ‘homestead’ or hamm ‘water meadow’.
GRADEN     Scottish
Habitational name from the lands of Graden in Berwickshire.
GRANGE     English, French
English and French topographic name for someone who lived by a granary, from Middle English, Old French grange (Latin granica ‘granary’, ‘barn’, from granum ‘grain’)... [more]
GRAWERT     Low German, German (East Prussian)
As a Low German name, Grawert is derived from Middle High German grā and Old High German grāo "gray" (originally "shimmery, gleaming"). As a surname, it was a nickname given to someone with gray hair.... [more]
GRAYDEN     Irish
Variation of Graden.
GUENTHER     German
German: from a Germanic personal name composed of gund ‘battle’ + hari, heri ‘army’.
GUIDRY     French (Cajun)
From a personal name based on the Germanic root waido ‘hunt’. The name is particularly associated with Cajuns in LA, who seem all to be descended from Claude Guédry dit Grivois, who arrived in Acadia before 1671.... [more]
GUILLIOT     French
From a pet form of the personal name Guille, itself a short form of Guillaume.
GUION     French
French: from the Germanic personal name Wido (see Guy).
GUST     German
German: from a short form of the personal name Jodocus, which is either a Latinized form of a Breton name, Iodoc, borne by a 7th-century Breton saint (compare Jost and Joyce) or from a reduced form of the personal name Augustus.... [more]
HAILES     Scottish, English
Scottish habitational name from Hailes in Lothian, originally in East Lothian, named from the Middle English genitive or plural form of hall ‘hall’. ... [more]
HALBROCK     Low German
Variation of Holbrook.
HALLIWELL     English
Northern English (Lancashire) habitational name from a place near Manchester called Halliwell, from Old English halig ‘holy’ + well(a) ‘well’, ‘spring’, or from any of the numerous other places named with these elements (see Hollowell).
HALLOW     English
English: topographic name from Middle English hal(l)owes ‘nooks’, ‘hollows’, from Old English halh (see Hale). In some cases the name may be genitive, rather than plural, in form, with the sense ‘relative or servant of the dweller in the nook’.
HAMBERG     German, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburg.
HAMBERGER     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburger.
HAMBURG     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham ‘water meadow’ + burg ‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMBURGER     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Hamburg.
HAMP     English, German
English: unexplained; compare Hemp.... [more]
HANLIN     Scottish, English
Scottish and English: probably a variant spelling of Irish Hanlon.
HARBOR     English
English: variant spelling of Harbour.
HARBOUR     English, French
English: metonymic occupational name for a keeper of a lodging house, from late Old English herebeorg ‘shelter’, ‘lodging’ (from here ‘army’ + beorg ‘shelter’). (The change of -er- to -ar- is a regular phonetic process in Old French and Middle English.... [more]
HARDEKOP     German (Rare)
Derived from Middle High German hart "hard" and kopf "head". As a surname, it was given to a hard-headed, stubborn person.
HARMENINCK     Frisian
Patronymic of Hermann.
HAROLD     English, Norman, German
English from the Old English personal name Hereweald, its Old Norse equivalent Haraldr, or the Continental form Herold introduced to Britain by the Normans. These all go back to a Germanic personal name composed of the elements heri, hari ‘army’ + wald ‘rule’, which is attested in Europe from an early date; the Roman historian Tacitus records a certain Cariovalda, chief of the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, as early as the 1st century ad... [more]
HAROLD     Irish
Of direct Norse origin, but is also occasionally a variant of Harrell and Hurrell.
HASLEY     English
Habitational name of uncertain origin. The surname is common in London, and may be derived from Alsa (formerly Assey) in Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex (recorded as Alsiesheye in 1268). nother possible source is Halsway in Somerset, named from Old English hals ‘neck’ + weg ‘way’, ‘road’.
HATTENDORF     German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt, had means ‘bog’
HAUSCH     German
From the Germanic personal name Huso, a short form of a compound name composed with hus ‘house’, ‘dwelling’ as the first element.
HAWTHORN     English, Scottish
English and Scottish: variant spelling of Hawthorne.
HAYFORD     English
English habitational name from several places called Heyford in Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, or Hayford in Buckfastleigh, Devon, all named with Old English heg ‘hay’ + ford ‘ford’.
HEATHCOTE     English
English habitational name from any of various places called Heathcote, for example in Derbyshire and Warwickshire, from Old English h?ð ‘heathland’, ‘heather’ + cot ‘cottage’, ‘dwelling’.
HEILAND     German
South German: from Middle High German heilant ‘savior’, ‘Christ’, presumably either a name given to someone who had played the part of Christ in a mystery play or an occupational name for a healer, from Middle High German heilen ‘to heal’, ‘save’.
HEIN     German, Dutch, Danish, Jewish
German, Dutch, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from a short form of the Germanic personal name Heinrich.
HEMSLEY     English
English: habitational name from either of two places in North Yorkshire called Helmsley. The names are of different etymologies: the one near Rievaulx Abbey is from the Old English personal name Helm + Old English leah ‘wood’, ‘clearing’, whereas Upper Helmsley, near York, is from the Old English personal name Hemele + Old English eg ‘island’, and had the form Hemelsey till at least the 14th century
HENLEY     English, Irish, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of the various places so called. Most, for example those in Oxfordshire, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, are named with Old English héan (the weak dative case of heah ‘high’, originally used after a preposition and article) + Old English leah ‘wood’, ‘clearing’... [more]
HENSLEY     English
Probably a habitational name from either of two places in Devon: Hensley in East Worlington, which is named with the Old English personal name Heahmund + Old English leah ‘(woodland) clearing’, or Hensleigh in Tiverton, which is named from Old English hengest ‘stallion’ (or the Old English personal name Hengest) + leah... [more]
HERSEY     Jewish, English
Variation of Hershey.
HEYER     English, German, Dutch
English variant of Ayer. ... [more]
HIGHLAND     English, German
English, Scottish, and Irish: variant spelling of Hyland.... [more]
HIND     English, Scottish
English (central and northern): nickname for a gentle or timid person, from Middle English, Old English hind ‘female deer’.... [more]
HINDLEY     English
English (Lancashire): habitational name from a place near Manchester, so named from Old English hind ‘female deer’ + leah ‘wood’, ‘clearing’.
HITTLE     German (Anglicized)
Americanized form of German Hüttl (see Huettl).
HOLBROCK     Low German
Variation of Holbrook.
HOLBROOK     English, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Derbyshire, Dorset, and Suffolk, so called from Old English hol ‘hollow’, ‘sunken’ + broc ‘stream’. ... [more]
HOLLADAY     English
English: from Old English haligdæg ‘holy day’, ‘religious festival’. The reasons why this word should have become a surname are not clear; probably it was used as a byname for one born on a religious festival day.
HOLLAND     Irish (Anglicized), Irish, English, Scottish, German, Danish, Jewish, Dutch
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÓileáin, a variant of Ó hAoláin, from a form of FAOLÁN (with loss of the initial F-).... [more]
HOLMSTEN     Swedish
Ornamental name composed of Swedish holm "islet" and sten "stone".
HOME     English, Scottish
English and Scottish variant spelling of Holme.
HUETTL     Upper German
South German (Hüttl) diminutive of Hütt (see Huett).
HURRELL     English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) from a derivative of Old French hurer ‘to bristle or ruffle’, ‘to stand on end’ (see Huron).
HURRELL     Irish
This may be an Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hEarghaill ‘descendant of Earghall’, a variant of Ó Fearghail (see Farrell).
HUX     German
Probably from a topographic name Huck or Hucks, of uncertain origin. It occurs in many place and field names.
IRETON     English
Habitational name from either of two places in Derbyshire called Ireton, or one in North Yorkshire called Irton. All of these are named from the genitive case of Old Norse Íri ‘Irishmen’ (see Ireland) + tun ‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’.... [more]
ISELLE     French
Frenchified forms of Iseli, a Swiss German variant of Eisele.... [more]
JENCKES     English
"Back-formation" of Jenkin, a medieval diminutive of John.
JENSDATTER     Norwegian, Danish
Strictly feminine patronymic of Jens.
JESTEN     Dutch
Variation of Joosten.
JORGENSON     German, English
Respelling of Jørgensen or Jörgensen (see Jorgensen) or the Swedish cognate Jörgens(s)on.
JOST     Dutch, German
Dutch and German: from a personal name, a derivative of the Breton personal name Iodoc (see Joyce), or from the personal name Just.
JOURDINE     French, English
English and French variant of Jordan.
JÜNGER     German, Jewish
German (Jünger) distinguishing name, from Middle High German jünger ‘younger’, for the younger of two bearers of the same personal name, usually a son who bore the same name as his father... [more]
JUNIFER     ?
Matronymic of Jenifer.
KALONYMUS     Ancient Greek
Origination of Colonomos.
KARÉLIN     Russian
Altered spelling of Russian Karélin, ethnic name for someone from Karelia (see Karjala).
KARJALA     Finnish, Russian
Finnish from karja ‘cattle’ + the local suffix -la, or possibly from a word of Germanic origin, harja- ‘host’, ‘crowd’, Old Swedish haer. Historic records suggest that the Germanic inhabitants of the area around Lake Ladoga (in present-day Russia) used this term to refer to the Finns who once lived there.
KÄRLIN     German, South Slavic
German and Southern Slavic from the personal name Karl (Slavic Karlo). Also an altered spelling of German Gerling.
KARLIN     Swedish
Swedish variant spelling of Carlin.
KARLIN     Polish
Polish habitational name from a village in Poland.
KAYLOR     Scottish, German
Variant of Scottish Keillor.... [more]
KEARNS     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Céirín ‘descendant of Céirín’, a personal name from a diminutive of ciar ‘dark’, ‘black’. English patronymic -s has been added superfluously.
KEEL     Irish
Irish reduced form of McKeel.
KEEL     German (Swiss)
Swiss German variant of Kehl.
KEEL     German (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of German Kühl (see Kuhl), Kiehl, or Kiel.
KEILLOR     Scottish
Habitational name from a place in Angus called Keilor.
KELTON     Scottish
Scottish habitational name from the village of Kelton in the parish of the same name in Kirkcudbrightshire.
KEMPER     German, Dutch
German: status name denoting a peasant farmer or serf, an agent noun derivative of Kamp ... [more]
KENNEALLY     Irish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cionnfhaolaidh ‘descendant of Cionnfhaoladh’, a personal name derived from ceann ‘head’ + faol ‘wolf’.
KENNELLY     Irish
Variant spelling of Kenneally.
KEUCH     German
Variation of Kuch.
KIEHL     Medieval Low German
From Middle Low German kil ‘wedge’, applied as a metonymic occupational name or as a pejorative nickname for a ruffian. Possibly a habitational name from Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein, from Dutch and Frisian kil ‘stagnant water’ (see Kiel)... [more]
KIEL     Dutch
Dutch from Middle Dutch kidel, kedel ‘smock’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who make such garments or perhaps a nickname for someone who habitually wore one. Also a dutch habitational name from a place so named in Antwerp or from the German city Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein.
KIEL     Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Kil.
KIEL     Polish
Polish from kiel ‘tooth’, ‘fang’, hence a nickname for someone with bad or protruding teeth.
KIERAN     Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Ciaráin ‘descendant of Ciarán’, a byname from a diminutive of ciar ‘dark’, ‘black-haired’. It was borne by two Irish saints, a hermit of the 5th century and the founder of the monastery at Clonmacnoise.
KIL     Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil ‘cool’.
KIL     Korean
There is one Chinese character for the Kil surname. In the 1930 census, there was a significantly larger number of Kils living in Korea; it was the 62nd most common name in Korea. In a census taken after the Korean War, however, it had dropped to 72nd... [more]
KILMESTER     German
Kilmester is attested as a surname near Rostock in the 13th century.
KINCAID     Scottish
Scottish habitational name from a place near Lennoxtown, north of Glasgow, which is first recorded in 1238 as Kincaith and in 1250 as Kincathe. The former spelling suggests derivation from Gaelic ceann ‘head’, ‘top’ + càithe ‘pass’, whereas the latter would point to cadha ‘quagmire’ as the second element.
KINGSFORD     English
English habitational name from any of various places named Kingsford, for example in Essex, Devon, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire. The name ostensibly means ‘the king’s ford’, but the one in Worcestershire is named as Ceningaford ‘ford of Cena’s people’.
KIPPING     German
German: habitational name from a place named with Middle High German kip ‘point’, ‘peak’ or from Kippingen in the Rhineland.
KITTELL     German (Anglicized), English
English: variant of Kettle. ... [more]
KNABE     German
German status name for a young man or a page, from Middle High German knabe (English knave). In aristocratic circles this term denoted a page or squire (a youth destined to become a knight), while among artisans it referred to a journeyman’s assistant or (as a short form of Lehrknabe) ‘apprentice’... [more]
KNAPE     German
Variant of Knapp.
KNAPPE     German
German variant of Knapp.
KNOLL     English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle ‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll), Middle High German knol ‘peak’... [more]
KOELSCH     German
German from the adjective kölsch, denoting someone from Cologne (German Köln).
KONSTANTINOPOLITES     Greek
Given to someone from Constantinople.
KOTT     German, Polish, Czech
German: variant of Koth or Kotz.... [more]
KUCH     German
German metonymic occupational name for a pastry cook, from German kuchen ‘cake’, or simply a variant of Koch ‘cook’.
KÜHL     German, Low German
The spelling Kühl results from a folk-etymological association with High German kühl ‘cool’ (Middle High German küel(e), a nickname from Middle High German küel ‘cool’, ‘calm’... [more]
KUHLMAN     German
Nickname from Middle High German küel ‘cool’, ‘calm.’
KUHLMANN     German
German (also Kühlmann) nickname from Middle High German küel ‘cool’, ‘calm’ (see Kuhl).
KUPFER     German, Jewish
German (Küpfer) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer, German Kupfer ‘copper’. As a Jewish name it is often an ornamental name.
LALONDE     French
French (Normandy): habitational name from any of various places in Normandy, so named from Old Norse lundr ‘grove’, with the definite article la.
LANDE     French, Norwegian, Jewish
French: topographic name for someone living on a heath, lande (from Gaulish landa ‘space’, ‘land’), or a habitational name from any of numerous minor places named La Lande from this word.... [more]
LANDEN     Belgian
Belgian habitational name from Landen in Brabant.
LANDERS     Dutch
Patronymic from Lander.
LANGHORN     English, Danish, Dutch
Northern English: probably a habitational name from a minor place in Soulby, Cumbria, called Longthorn, from Old English lang ‘long’ + horn ‘projecting headland’, or a topographic name with the same meaning.... [more]
LAPP     German
From Middle High German lap(pe) ‘cloth’, ‘patch’, ‘rag’; a metonymic occupational name for a mender of clothes or shoes, or a nickname for a simple-minded person.... [more]
LARCELLA     Italian
Variation of Lauricella, from a pet form of Laura.
LARSDATTER     Norwegian, Danish
Strictly feminine patronymic for Lars.
LAUGHTON     English
Habitational name from any of the numerous places in England so called. Most of them, as for example those in Leicestershire, Lincolnshire (near Gainsborough), Sussex, and West Yorkshire, are named with Old English leac ‘leek’ + tun ‘enclosure’... [more]
LAURICELLA     Italian
From the pet form of Laura.
LAURSEN     German, Norwegian, Danish
Norwegian, Danish, and North German: patronymic from Laur, a short form of Lawrence.
LAVIOLETTE     French, French (Quebec), French (Acadian)
A secondary surname, associated with some forty family names in Canada and also used independently since 1698, a nickname from the flower violette ‘violet’, with the definite article la. In feudal France it was a name given to soldiers and domestic servants.
LAWTON     English
Habitational name, common in Lancashire and Yorkshire, from Buglawton or Church Lawton in Cheshire, or Lawton in Herefordshire, named in Old English as ‘settlement on or near a hill’, or ‘settlement by a burial mound’, from hlaw ‘hill’, ‘burial mound’ + tun ‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
LAWYER     Dutch (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Dutch Lauwer, an occupational name for a tanner or leather worker.
LEIDIG     German
From a short form of any of several Germanic personal names composed with the first element liut ‘people’, ‘tribe’. Also a nickname for a disagreeable, cantankerous person, from Middle High German leidic ‘disagreeable’, ‘tiresome’.
LEINBACH     German
German topographic name from any of several streams called leinbach, from Middle High German lin ‘flax’ or Middle Low German leie (genitive leien) ‘rock’, ‘stone’ + bach ‘stream’.
LEMON     English, Northern Irish, Scottish
English: from the Middle English personal name Lefman, Old English Leofman, composed of the elements leof ‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + mann ‘man’, ‘person’. This came to be used as a nickname for a lover or sweetheart, from Middle English lem(m)an... [more]
LEONARDO     Italian, Spanish, German
Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese from the Germanic personal name Leonhard, formed from the elements leo ‘lion’ + hard, ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’; this was an early medieval saint’s name (see Leonard).
LESCH     German
German variant of Loesch.
LESCHER     German
German metonymic occupational name for a mediator or arbitrator, or possibly for a fireman, from Middle High German leschære ‘extinguisher’.
LEVER     French, English
Nickname for a fleet-footed or timid person, from Old French levre ‘hare’ (Latin lepus, genitive leporis). It may also have been a metonymic occupational name for a hunter of hares... [more]
LEVERETT     English
Diminutive of Lever, from the Middle English personal name Lefred, Old English Leofred, composed of the elements leof ‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + red ‘counsel’.
LINDE     German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde, Scandinavian lind. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LINDLEY     English, German
English habitational name from either of two places in West Yorkshire called Lindley, or from Linley in Shropshire and Wiltshire, all named from Old English lin ‘flax’ + leah ‘wood’, ‘glade’, with epenthetic -d-, or from another Lindley in West Yorkshire (near Otley), named in Old English as ‘lime wood’, from lind ‘lime tree’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’... [more]
LINNEY     English
From an Old English female personal name Lindgifu, Lindgeofu, composed of the elements lind ‘lime (wood)’, i.e. ‘shield’ (a transferred sense) + gifu, geofu ‘gift’.
LISLE     Norman, English, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: variant spelling of Lyle.
LITTLEJOHN     Scottish, English
Distinguishing epithet for the smallest of two or more bearers of the common personal name John. Compare Meiklejohn. In some cases the nickname may have been bestowed on a large man, irrespective of his actual personal name, in allusion to the character in the Robin Hood legend, whose nickname was of ironic application.... [more]
LIVINGSTONE     Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called Levin (Lewin), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
LOEPP     Dutch
Variant of Loop.
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