This is a list of surnames in which the length is 4.
Derived from the given name Aaij
, a short form of Adriaan
and other names.
From place names like Agliè
, all originating from the Latin name Allius
in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
Originally denoted a person from Aieta, Italy, a place name derived from Greek ἀετός (aetos)
Means "son of Ale 2"
, the suffix -ma
indicating that it is of Frisian origin.
From Japanese 青 (ao)
meaning "green, blue" and 木 (ki)
meaning "tree, wood".
From Norwegian å
meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud
Means "doctor, physician"
in German, ultimately from Latin archiater
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach
. This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
From Middle High German bër "bear"
or ber "boar"
. This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
From Middle English bal
, Old English beall
. This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre
Beck 3 English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke
Beck 4 English
From Old English becca
, an occupational surname.
Bell 1 English
From Middle English belle
. It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
Best 1 English
Derived from Middle English beste
, an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
Best 2 German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
Originally indicated a person from the region of Bohemia
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean"
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde
. A famous bearer is the fictional spy James Bond, created by Ian Flemming in 1953.
Boon 2 English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
From Swedish borg
meaning "fortification, castle"
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox"
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód
in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill"
Derived from Broz
, a diminutive of Ambrozije
. This was the birth surname of the Yugoslavian dictator Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980).
From Middle High German brun
. It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
Derived from the name of the Bükk Mountains, which means "beech tree" in Hungarian (probably of Slavic origin).
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
Means "white-haired, old"
in Spanish, from Latin canus
. The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient"
and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
From the given name Cino
, a short form of names ending in cino
Means simply "clay"
, originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump"
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock"
. The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh
meaning "descendant of Cuidightheach"
. A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt
Como 2 Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
Derived from Old English coc
, ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
Dahl Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
. A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda
and Henry Sugar
From Old English dæl
, originally indicating a person who lived there.
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh
meaning "descendant of Dálach"
Dane 2 English
Originally denoted a Dane, that is a person from Denmark.
Dean 2 English
Occupational surname meaning "dean"
, referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen
(ultimately from Latin decanus
meaning "chief of ten").
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux
"leader". It was a nickname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
Dunn English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn "dark"
or Gaelic donn "brown"
, referring to hair colour or complexion.
Occupational name meaning "cloth dyer"
, from Old English deah
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl
meaning "nobleman, warrior"
. It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
From Italian fava
referring to a type of broad bean.
Derived from Middle English feare
meaning "friend, comrade"
Feld German, Jewish
in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
From Chinese 冯 (féng)
, which referred to an ancient city in Henan province.
From a name for someone who dwelt near a marsh, from Old English fenn
meaning "fen, swamp, bog"
Name given to someone who lived by a ford, possibly the official who maintained it. A famous bearer was the American industrialist Henry Ford (1863-1947).
in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
Gage French, English
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge "measure"
(a name for an assayer) or gage "pledge, payment"
(a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse
Originally indicated someone who lived near a ravine, from Middle English gil
(of Old Norse origin).
Gold English, German, Jewish
From Old English and Old High German gold
, an occupational name for someone who worked with gold or a nickname for someone with yellow hair. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
From a nickname meaning "good"
, referring to a kindly person.
From the Old English word gara
meaning "triangular plot of land"
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
Means "thick, fat, big"
in French, from Late Latin grossus
, possibly of Germanic origin.
Gump German (Rare), Popular Culture
Possibly from a nickname derived from Middle High German gumpen
meaning "to hop, to jump"
. This surname was used by author Winston Groom for the hero of his novel Forrest Gump
(1986), better known from the 1994 movie adaptation.
Meaning unknown. This name was used by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen for the central character in his play Peer Gynt
(1867). Ibsen based the story on an earlier Norwegian folktale Per Gynt
Occupational name meaning "peddler"
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano
meaning "rooster, cock"
Derived from Old English halh
meaning "nook, recess, hollow"
Means "male deer"
. It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase
meaning "hare, rabbit"
. This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk"
From Middle English hed
, from Old English heafod
. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
From a nickname meaning "tallest"
in Middle English. It is most common in the southwest of England in the county of Devon.
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll
From Japanese 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" or 火 (hi)
meaning "fire" and 野 (no)
meaning "field, wilderness".
Derived from Middle English hop
meaning "small valley"
Horn English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
. This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill"
(of Norse origin).
Means "spur of a hill"
, from Old English hoh
From Middle English hide
, a unit of land, approximately the size necessary to support a household.
From Japanese 岩 (iwa)
meaning "cliff, rocks" and 井 (i)
meaning "well, mine shaft, pit".
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
Jain Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
Derived from Basque jats
, a type of cereal grass.
Derived from the given name John
. A famous bearer is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight.
From Old French joli
meaning "happy, jolly, pretty"
Jung 1 German
in German, from Middle High German junc
Occupational name meaning "calf (animal)"
From Japanese 加 (ka)
meaning "add, increase" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Kaur Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur
and all males Singh
. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
From Old English cene
meaning "bold, brave"
Means "wedge shaped"
in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
Derived from Middle English kempe
meaning "champion, warrior"
From Scots kerr
meaning "rough wet ground"
, ultimately from Old Norse kjarr
Khan Bengali, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "king, ruler"
, probably of Mongolian origin but used in many languages.
From a nickname meaning "young goat, kid"
in Middle English, of Old Norse origin.
From Old English cyning "king"
, originally a nickname for someone who either acted in a kingly manner or who worked for or was otherwise associated with a king.
From northern Middle English kirk
, from Old Norse kirkja
(cognate of Church
). A famous fictional bearer is the starship captain James Kirk from the Star Trek
television series (1966-1969), and subsequent films.
Occupational name for a shoemaker, derived from Low German knif
meaning "shoemaker's knife"
Derived from Middle High German kol "cabbage"
in Czech, ultimately from Latin crux
in Polish. The name referred to one who acted like a king or was connected in some way with a king's household.
Kron German, Swedish
From German Krone
and Swedish krona
(from Latin corona
), perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
From Japanese 久 (ku)
meaning "long time ago" and 保 (ho)
in Estonian, ultimately of Germanic origin.
in German, ultimately from Latin curtus
Derived from Gaelic caol
meaning "narrows, channel, strait"
, originally given to a person who lived by a strait.
Derived from Lassy
, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius
Derived from the name place Lama
, common in Italy.
From the name of the animal, perhaps a nickname for a shy person.
Lane 1 English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
Lane 2 French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool"
, designating one who worked in the wool trade.
Lane 3 Irish
From Irish Ó Luain
meaning "descendant of Luan"
, a given name meaning "warrior".
From Old High German loh
meaning "meadow, clearing"
From a nickname meaning "springtime"
León 1 Spanish
Referred to a person from the city of León in northern Spain, derived from Latin legio
) meaning "legion"
, so named because the Roman 7th Legion Gemina was stationed there.
From Chinese 廖 (liào)
referring to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
From the Old English given name Lufu
From various places in Spain meaning "moon".
Lund Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr
. There are towns in Sweden named Lund.
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Scotland.
From the name of a town in Norfolk (King's Lynn), derived from Welsh llyn
Lyon 1 English, French
Originally denoted a person from the city of Lyon in central France, originally Latin Lugdunum
, of Gaulish origin meaning "hill fort of Lugus
". It could also denote a person from the small town of Lyons-la-Forêt in Normandy.
Lyon 2 English, French
From a nickname derived from Old French and Middle English lion