This is a list of surnames in which the length is 4.
METZ (1) German
Occupational name for maker of knives, from Middle High German metze "knife"
MOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
From Japanese 本 (moto)
meaning "base, root, origin"
. More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
From Japanese 武 (mu)
meaning "military, martial" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
From a nickname meaning "big, great"
in Hungarian, referring to one's characteristics. This is the most common Hungarian surname.
Derived from the Middle English phrase atten ash "at the ash tree"
. A famous bearer was the mathematician John Nash (1928-2015).
From the town of Nepi in central Italy, which is of uncertain origin.
From Italian nero "black"
, indicating a person with a dark complexion or dark hair.
NESS English, Scottish, Norwegian
From English ness
and Norwegian nes
meaning "headland, promontory"
, of Old Norse origin, originally referring to a person who lived there.
Means "son of Niso"
, an Italian form of the mythological name NISUS
NOEL French, English
Either from the given name NOËL
, or else derived directly from Old French noel
"Christmas" and given to a person who had a particular connection with the holiday.
From Middle High German oem
meaning "maternal uncle"
in Hungarian, from old Slavic volhu
"Romance-speaker" (of Germanic origin).
Means "elm tree"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin ulmus
. The name originally indicated a person who lived near such a tree.
From Swedish ö
meaning "island" and man
Derived from the Italian given name Pace
PAGE English, French
Occupational name meaning "servant, page"
. It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδίον (paidion)
meaning "little boy".
PAPP (2) German
Nickname perhaps related to Late Latin pappare
meaning "to eat"
PARK (2) English
From Middle English park
, from Latin parricus
, of Germanic origin. This was a name for someone who worked in or lived in a park.
Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac "peak"
. It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
PECK (2) English
Occupational name for a maker of pecks (vessels used as peck measures), derived from Middle English pekke
Nickname for a thin person, derived from Old French pel
, Latin palus
meaning "stake, post"
(related to English pole
Originally denoted a person who lived near a jutting rock, from Spanish peña
meaning "rock, cliff"
PENN (1) English
Derived from various place names that were named using the Brythonic word penn
meaning "hilltop, head"
PENN (2) English
Occupational name for a person who kept penned animals, from Old English penn
Name for a person who lived near a pine tree, from Italian pino
, Latin pinus
Originally given to a person who lived near a pit or a hole, derived from Old English pytt "pit"
Originally referred to one who lived near a pond.
From a nickname that originally designated a person who played the part of the pope in a play or pageant. Otherwise the name could be used as a nickname for a man with a solemn, austere, or pious appearance. It is derived from Latin papa
, ultimately from Greek πάππας (pappas)
Derived from Hungarian rác
, a former name for Serbians who lived in the Habsburg Empire.
Occupational name for the fisherman in charge of the boat, from Italian rais "captain"
, of Arabic origin. It is typical of Sicily and Sardinia.
Originally a name for a dweller on a narrow pass or hillside, from Old English hrace
RAPP (1) Swedish
From Swedish rapp
meaning "quick, prompt"
, one of the names adopted by soldiers in the 17th century.
RAPP (2) German
From Middle High German raben
, a nickname for a person with black hair.
READ (1) English
from Middle English read
, probably denoting a person with red hair or complexion.
READ (2) English
From Old English ryd
, an unattested form of rod
meaning "cleared land"
. It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
REIS German, Jewish
From Middle High German ris
meaning "twig, branch, bush"
, denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese rios "river"
, ultimately from Latin rivus
Means "bank, shore"
in Italian, from Latin ripa
, denoting one who lived by a river or a lake.
in Catalan, from Latin rubeus
, originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a red complexion.
in Spanish, referring to the colour of the hair or complexion.
ROSE (1) English, French, German, Jewish
from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
ROSS English, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland), which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros
meaning "promontory, headland".
ROTH German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
. It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
Derived from Old French ros
, from Latin russus
, a nickname for a red-haired person.
ROWE (1) English
in Middle English, indicating a dweller by a row of hedges or houses.
From Chinese 阮 (ruǎn)
, which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
Indicated a person who lived near rushes, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh, from Old English rysc
RYBA Czech, Polish
in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" and 野 (no)
meaning "field, wilderness".
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
Nickname for a curly-haired person, from Greek σγουρός (sgouros)
SHAW (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived near a prominent thicket, from Old English sceaga
meaning "thicket, copse"
SHAW (2) Scottish
From a given name or byname that was derived from Gaelic sithech
SITZ (1) German
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigu
SITZ (2) German
Means "house owner"
, derived from Old High German siz
From Middle Dutch smit "metalworker, blacksmith"
, a cognate of SMITH
SONG Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 宋 (sòng)
referring to the Song dynasty, which ruled China from 960 to 1279.
Means "grove of trees, small forest"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin saltus
From Old High German suozi
in Estonian. This is among the most common surnames in Estonia.
From Chinese 唐 (táng)
referring to the Tang dynasty, which ruled China from 618 to 907.
From Middle English at asche
meaning "at the ash tree"
From Middle English tele
meaning "teal, duck"
TEKE (2) Turkish
Occupational name for a goat herder, from Turkish teke "goat"
, derived from Middle English todde
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many places in Britain of that name, derived from Old Norse topt
, usually denoting a younger man, from Latin tonsus
Originally denoted a person from the city of Troyes in France.
Denoted one who lived near a clump of trees or bushes, from Middle English tufte "tuft, clump"
, from Old French.
From Japanese 上 (ue)
meaning "above, top, upper" and 田 (ta)
meaning "field, rice paddy".
From Japanese 上 (ue)
meaning "above, top, upper" and 野 (no)
meaning "field, wilderness".
From Old English fenn
meaning "fen, swamp, peat"
, indicating a person who lived near such a place.
Derived from Hungarian vas
, referring to a worker in iron, a miner of iron ore or a vendor of iron goods. Alternatively, from the same root word, it may have been a nickname referring to one with a distinctively strong constitution.
From Spanish vega
meaning "meadow, plain"
, of Basque origin.
Derived from Spanish vela
or the homonym vela
in Italian, derived from Latin vicus
Occupational name from Middle High German voget
meaning "bailiff, lawyer"
, ultimately from Latin advocatus
Derived from given names beginning with the Germanic element fulc
VOLL (1) Norwegian
Originally indicated a person who lived in a meadow, from Old Norse vǫllr "meadow, field"
From Middle Low German vos
. It was originally a nickname for a clever person or a person with red hair.
From Japanese 和 (wa)
meaning "harmony, peace" and 田 (ta)
meaning "field, rice paddy".
WADE (1) English
Derived from the Old English place name wæd
meaning "a ford"
WADE (2) English
From the Old English given name Wada
, a derivative of the word wadan
WANG (1) Chinese
From Chinese 王 (wáng)
meaning "king, monarch"
. This is the most common surname in China (and the world).
WANG (2) German, Dutch
From Middle High German and Middle Dutch wange
, possibly a nickname for someone with round or rosy cheeks.
WARD (2) Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Mac an Bhaird
, which means "son of the bard"
WARE (1) English
From Old English wer
meaning "dam, weir"
, indicating someone who lived near such a structure.
WARE (2) English
From the Middle English nickname ware
meaning "wary, astute, prudent"
Derived from the Middle English given name Wat
, a diminutive of the name WALTER
Occupational name meaning "weaver"
, from Old English webba
, a derivative of wefan
WEST English, German
Denoted a person who lived to the west of something, or who came from the west.
WOLF German, English
From Middle High German or Middle English wolf
, or else from a Germanic given name beginning with this element.
WOOD English, Scottish
Originally denoted one who lived in or worked in a forest, derived from Old English wudu "wood"
Originally denoted someone who came from any of the various places of this name in northern England, from Old Norse vrá
meaning "corner, nook"
From the name of the English city of York, which was originally called Eburacon
(Latinized as Eboracum
), meaning "yew" in Brythonic, but was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic
, meaning "pig farm".
From Chinese 赵 (zhào)
, which refers to an ancient city-state in what is now Shanxi province. According to legend, King Mu rewarded his chariot driver Zaofu with the city, at which time Zaofu adopted this surname. The later historic state of Zhao, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, was named after this city.... [more]
From Chinese 周 (zhōu)
referring to the Zhou dynasty, which held power from 1046 to 771 BC, continuing for a few more centuries as figureheads.
ZIMA Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter"
. This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.
Derived from the given name Zino
, a short form of names ending with -zino
, such as Lorenzino
, a diminutive of LORENZO
, or Vincenzino
, a diminutive of VINCENZO