This is a list of surnames in which the length is 10.
Originally denoted a person who came from an uncertain place called Aaldenberg
, meaning "old mountain".
ACHTERBERG Dutch, German
From the name of various places in the Netherlands and Germany, for example the village of achterberg
in Utrecht. The place names are derived from Low German achter
"behind" and berg
From the name of various places in the Netherlands, derived from Low German achter
"behind" and kamp
Originally denoted a person from the town of Akkersdijk, near Delft in the Netherlands. It means "field by the dyke" in Dutch.
From Dutch aan 't veldink
meaning "next to the little field"
Means "crossbow maker"
from German armbrust
"crossbow". The word armbrust
was originally from Latin arcuballista
meaning "bow ballista", but was modified under the influence of German arm
"arm" and brust
Derived from the given name Baldinotto
, from the Latin name Baldinoctus
, a diminutive of BALDO
Means "the house furthest down"
from Basque bengo
"furthest down" and etxe
From the English town name Benington
, which can mean either "settlement belonging to Beonna's people"
or "settlement by the River Beane"
Probably from the Milanese word berlusch
meaning "cross-eyed, crooked"
Means "farmers village"
, from German Bauer
meaning "farmer" and Dorf
Originally indicated someone from the town of Blidworth in Nottinghamshire, which was derived from the Old English byname Blīþa
(meaning "happy, blithe") combined with worð
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
From Old High German breit
"broad" and bart
"beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
Originally indicated a person from the Dutch town of Bunschoten, which might mean "raised, enclosed land".
From the medieval Italian given name Buonarroto
meaning "good increase". This was the surname of the Renaissance painter and sculptor Michelangelo (1475-1564).
Occupational name for an administrator, a chancellor, from Norman French chancelier
Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
From the name of place in the Ayrshire district of Scotland. It possibly comes from Gaelic cuinneag
meaning "milk pail".
Originally indicated a person from any of the Polish towns named Czajków, all derived from Polish czajka
meaning "lapwing (bird)".
Means "from the rose bushes"
, from French rosier
"rose bush". It probably referred to a person who lived close to, or cared for a rose garden.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Dubinowo (now Dubino in Belarus).
Derived from the Basque place name Etxeberria
, which itself is derived from Basque etxe
"house" and berri
From a place name meaning "fair ravine, fair cliff"
in Old English.
Either a patronymic from the given name FILIP
, or a habitational name denoting a person from the Polish town of Filipów (also derived from the given name).
Means "son of GERALD"
in Anglo-Norman French. It was brought to Ireland with William the Conqueror.
Originally denoted one from the region of Garfagnana in Tuscany, Italy, near the historical city of Lucca.
From the Basque word arratz
"bush" combined with the suffix sta
denoting a place.
Means "son of GUSTAF"
. The actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was originally named Greta Gustafsson.
Derived from the region in southern Finland known as Häme, also called Tavastia.
Occupational name for a hat maker, from Dutch hoed
"hat" and maker
Means "master of the household"
, from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard" and meistar
"master" (from Latin magister
Occupational name for a forester's helper, from Old High German holz
"wood" and kneht
From the name of a town in the Yorkshire region of England, which means "Hudel's town" in Old English.
From the name of a village in western Germany, itself derived from the name of the Jölle, a small river, combined with Low German beck
Originally indicated a person who came from the Hungarian city of Kecskemét, derived from kecske
From a nickname meaning "curly"
, describing a person with curly hair.
From the Irish Mac Giolla Phádraig
meaning "son of the servant of Saint Patrick"
From German Knochen
"bone" and Mus
"sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
Originally denoted a person from a village named Kostelec, derived from Czech kostel
Means "the chapel"
in French, most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Means "son of Cúcharraige"
in Irish. The given name Cúcharraige
is composed of cú
"hound" and carraig
From Polish malina
, originally indicating a person who lived near a raspberry patch.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Mac Uileagóid
meaning "son of Uileagóid"
, a diminutive of UILLEAG
MONTGOMERY English, Scottish
From a place name in Calvados, France meaning "GUMARICH
's mountain". A notable bearer was Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976), a British army commander during World War II.
From Irish Ó hAnnagáin
, which means "descendant of Annagán"
. The given name Annagán
was a diminutive of Annadh
Ó MADAIDHÍN Irish
Means "descendant of Madaihín"
, a given name derived from Irish madadh
meaning "dog, mastiff".
Ó MAOL AODHA Irish
Means "descendant of a follower of Saint AODH"
. It is derived from Irish maol
meaning "follower, servant".
From Dutch meaning "pear tree"
, referring to someone who lived or worked at a pear orchard.
Means "pilgrim, traveller"
in Italian, ultimately from Latin peregrinus
Name for a person from a town named Piotrów
, all derived from the given name PIOTR
PONTECORVO Italian, Jewish
From the name of a town in central Italy, home to an old Jewish community. The town's name is derived from Italian ponte
"bridge" and curvo
From a nickname for a strong person, from Italian robusto
"strong", from Latin robustus
"firm, solid, oaken".
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
From Middle High German rot
"red" and schilt
"shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit)
and שילד (shild)
. The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
From the name of places in southern Scotland and northern England, derived from Old English hryðer
meaning "cattle, ox" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
Possibly from the city of Sapperton, England, derived from Old English sapere
meaning "soap maker" and tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
From the name of various towns in France, derived from French sauve
"safe" and terre
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain"
from old German schön
"beautiful" and berg
From Middle High German schuochwürte
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler"
Means "watchman, guard"
from Middle High German schützen
Habitational name for a person from Sniegow, Sniegowo or other places with a name derived from Polish śnieg
Usually refers to the city of Sokołów Podlaski in Poland. It may sometimes be derived from Polish sokół
Derived from the town of Sorrento near Naples, called Surrentum
in Latin, of unknown meaning.
From Sicilian sparaciu
, an occupational name for an asparagus seller or grower.
Possibly from German spielen
meaning "to play, to jest" combined with meyer
meaning "village headman". Perhaps it referred to someone who was played or acted as the village headman.
Means "sharp nail"
in German, an occupational name for a nailsmith.