Browse Submitted Surnames
This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
English (mainly London and Surrey): possibly a topographic name from Middle English hegh, hie ‘high’ + yate ‘gate’. ... [more]
Topographic name for someone living on (and farming) a hide of land, Old English hī(gi)d
. This was a variable measure of land, differing from place to place and time to time, and seems from the etymology to have been originally fixed as the amount necessary to support one (extended) family (Old English hīgan
Iden as a village name is to be found in both the counties of Kent and Sussex, and describes a pasture, or strictly speaking an area within a marsh suitable for pasture. The origination is the pre 6th century phrase ig-denn
meaning an island... [more]
From the Old Norse female personal name Idunn
, literally probably "perform love" (cf. Idony
Habitational name from a place called Iden Green in Benenden, Kent, or Iden Manor in Staplehurst, Kent, or from Iden in East Sussex. All these places are named in Old English as meaning "pasture by the yew trees", from ig meaning "yew" + denn meaning "pasture".
ILESEnglish (British), French
English (mainly Somerset and Gloucestershire): topographic name from Anglo-Norman French isle ‘island’ (Latin insula) or a habitational name from a place in England or northern France named with this element.
, the name of various places in England, derived from Old English *imphaga
"sapling enclosure". Alternatively it could have indicated a person who lived near an enclosure of young trees.
From the medieval male personal name Ingebald
, brought into England by the Normans but ultimately of Germanic origin and meaning literally "brave Ingel" (Ingel
was a different form of Engel
- a shortened form of various Germanic compound personal names (e.g. Engelbert
) that begin with Engel
-; the two main sources of that were Angel
"Angle" (the name of the Germanic people) and Ingal
, an extended form of Ing
(the name of a Germanic god)).
Habitational name from Ingoldsby in Lincolnshire, named from the Old Norse personal name Ingjaldr + bý meaning "farmstead", "settlement".
Anglo-Saxon in Origin. Occupational surname given to a person who "tended a lodge or an inn". Surname first found in Lancashire, England.
Ethnic name for someone from Ireland, Old English Iraland
. The country gets its name from the genitive case of Old English Iras
"Irishmen" and land
"land". The stem Ir-
is taken from the Celtic name for Ireland, Èriu
, earlier Everiu
Habitational name from either of two places in Derbyshire called Ireton, or one in North Yorkshire called Irton. All of these are named from the genitive case of Old Norse Íri
‘Irishmen’ (see Ireland) + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’.... [more]
English (of Norman origin): habitational name from Airaines in Somme, so named from Latin harenas (accusative case) ‘sands’. The form of the name has been altered as a result of folk etymology, an association of the name with the metal... [more]
The name of a village in Northamptonshire, England from the Celtic name of a local river Ise
and the Anglo-Saxon term for a small settlement or homestead -ham
Of Old English origin, derived from a place named Hesli
, meaning "a hazel wood or grove".
Means "son of Ive
", a medieval male personal name, brought into England by the Normans but ultimately of Germanic origin, a shortened form of any of a range of compound names beginning with īv
"yew" (cf... [more]
Habitational name from Ivry-la-Bataille in Eure, northern France.
Possibly derived as a diminutive of the given name Jack
. A famous bearer is Canadian singer-songwriter Terry Jacks, best known for his 1974 single 'Seasons in the Sun.'
JACOBIJewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
English (West Yorkshire): occupational name from Middle English jagger ‘carter’, ‘peddler’, an agent derivative of Middle English jag ‘pack’, ‘load’ (of unknown origin). ... [more]
Probably a patronymic from James
or any of various other personal names beginning with J-
Nickname from Middle English, Old French jay(e)
"jay (the bird)", probably referring to an idle chatterer or a showy person, although the jay was also noted for its thieving habits.
From a Norman personal name that appears in Middle English as Geffrey
and in Old French as Je(u)froi
. Some authorities regard this as no more than a palatalized form of Godfrey
, but early forms such as Galfridus
point to a first element from Germanic gala
"to sing" or gawi
"region, territory"... [more]
English surname, a patronymic from the Middle English personal name Jan
From a pet-form of Jessop
(a medieval male personal name - a different form of Joseph
). A literary bearer is Miss Jessel, the governess who has charge of the two troubled and enigmatic children in Henry James's ghost story 'The Turn of the Screw' (1898).
Possibly a variant of Jessey
, an occupational name for someone making jesses
(a short strap fastened around the leg of a bird used in falconry).
Ethnic name for a Jew, from Middle English jeu meaning "Jew" from Old French giu.
JOBEnglish, French, German, Hungarian
English, French, German, and Hungarian from the personal name Iyov
, borne by a Biblical character, the central figure in the Book of Job, who was tormented by God and yet refused to forswear Him... [more]
Another of the names brought to England in the eleventh century by the Normans, and mentioned in the Domesday Book. Originally a masculine name only.
From the given name John. A famous bearer is Elton John.
JOSEPHHebrew, English, Dutch, Yiddish
From Ioseph, the Latin form of Greek Ιωσηφ (Ioseph), which was from the Hebrew name יוֹסֵף (Yosef) meaning "he will add". In the Old Testament, Joseph is the eleventh son of Jacob. Because he was the favourite of his father, his older brothers sent him to Egypt and told their father that he had died... [more]
From the medieval male personal name Jowet
or the female personal name Jowette
, both literally "little Jowe
", a pet-form of Julian
. This was borne was British theologian and classical scholar Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893).
Czech and Jewish (Bohemia): from kavka 'jackdaw', which is a type of bird; traditionally a nickname or surname.
English: occupational name for a boatman or boatbuilder, from an agent derivative of Middle English kele ‘ship’, ‘barge’ (from Middle Dutch kiel). Americanized spelling of German Kühler, from a variant of an old personal name (see Keeling
) or a variant of Kuhl
Habitational name from a place called Ketton in Durham or one in Rutland or from Keaton in Ermington, Devon. The first is named from the Old English personal name Catta
or the Old Norse personal name Káti
and Old English tūn
"settlement"; the second is probably from an old river name or tribal name Cētan
(possibly a derivative of Celtic cēd
"wood") and Old English ēa
"river"; and the last possibly from Cornish kee
"hedge, bank" and Old English tūn
Derived from the village of Kelham, near Newark-upon-Trent, Nottingham.
From the name of a place in Shropshire meaning "Cempa's town" or "warrior town", from a combination of either the Old English word cempa
"warrior" or the byname derived from it and tun
From the medieval personal name Kenewi
, from Old English Cynewīg
, literally "royal war", or Cēnwīg
, literally "bold war".
This surname might derive from the surname Kinsley
or from the locational surname Kelsey
(denoting someone who is from either North or South Kelsey in Lincolnshire).
KENTIEScottish, English, Dutch
Origin and meaning unknown. The name Kentie was spread in the Netherlands when a Scottish soldier, Alexander Kenti, settled at Woudrichem, the Netherlands around 1650. Alexander Kenti was born and raised in the Scottish highlands... [more]
Means "person from Ketley", Shropshire ("glade frequented by cats").
Americanized spelling of German Kückleiter, literally ‘chicken ladder’, probably a nickname for a chicken farmer.
English: possibly an occupational name from early modern English kidd(i)er ‘badger’, a licensed middleman who bought provisions from farmers and took them to market for resale at a profit, or alternatively a variant of Kidman
English: occupational name, probably for a goatherd (from Middle English kid(e) ‘young goat’ + man ‘man’), but possibly also for a cutter of wood used for fuel. (from Middle English kidde ‘faggot’ (an archaic English unit for a bundle of sticks)).
The origins of this surname are uncertain, but it may be derived from Middle English kidel
"fish weir", denoting a person who lived by a fish weir or made his living from it, or from an English place called Kiddal
, probably meaning "Cydda's corner of land" from the Old English given name Cydda
"nook or corner of land".
the origin of the name KIFF could have come from a variation of KITH as in "kith and kin". The O.E.D. definition of the word KITH is that of a native land, familiar place or home so "kith and kin" meant your home and your relations... [more]
Probably from an Old Norse personal name Ketilfrith
, literally "cauldron peace". The surname was borne by British clergyman and diarist Francis Kilvert (1840-1879).
KINDEnglish, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
English habitational name from any of various places named Kingsford, for example in Essex, Devon, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire. The name ostensibly means ‘the king’s ford’, but the one in Worcestershire is named as Ceningaford ‘ford of Cena’s people’.
Derived from the Scottish 'kirk', meaning church, and land. This name denoted one who lived near or tended to the land belonging to or surrounding a church. A famous /fictional/ bearer is Arthur Kirkland, a main character in the highly popular anime/webmanga Axis Powers Hetalia... [more]
English: probably a habitational name from a lost or unidentified place. This surname is also common in the American South.
Occupational surname for a person who was in charge of the kitchen in a royal or noble house, or a monastery. From the Anglo Saxon cycene
Derived from a place name in Devonshire, England, and was first recorded in the form of Kitelhey in 1305.... [more]
Kline is one of the smaller groups of anglicized forms of the German surname Klein.... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hillock, Middle English "nappe
, Old English cnæpp
, or habitational name from any of the several minor places named with the word, in particular Knapp in Hampshire and Knepp
English surname which was derived from a place name composed of the Old English elements cnihta
meaning "servant, retainer" (genitive plural of cniht
) and tun
The lineage of the name Knipe begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived on the peak of a hill or highland. The surname Knipe is primarily familiar in the regions of Lancashire and Westmoreland.... [more]
Topographic name for someone living by a hill, from Middle English knocke
"hill" (Old English cnoc
KNOLLEnglish, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
As an English surname it is derived from a genitive or plural form of Middle English knolle
meaning "hilltop, hillock", denoting a person who either lived at the top of a hill or near a hillock, or hailed from one of the many places in England named with this word.... [more]
Habitational name from either of two places so named, one in Dorset and the other in Kent.
Probably a habitational name from a lost or unidentified place.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, Old English lacu, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, for example in Wiltshire and Devon. Modern English lake (Middle English lake) is only distantly related, if at all; it comes via Old French from Latin lacus... [more]
A nickname for a gentle or malleable person or an occupational name for someone who raised or cared for young sheep. Can take the form Lum
Surname common in Australia & the UK. A variation of Lambshead
which was originally a mis-spelling of Lambside which was the area from which the family originated in Pommyland. Other variations include Lambshed
Shire of Lancaster; One who came from Lancashire, a county in the North of England.
Habitational name from Lancaster in northwestern England, named in Old English as ‘Roman fort on the Lune’, from the Lune river, on which it stands, + Old English cæster
‘Roman fort or walled city’ (Latin castra
‘legionary camp’)... [more]
From the Germanic personal name Lanzo
, originally a short form of various compound names with the first element land ‘land’, ‘territory’ (for example, Lambert), but later used as an independent name... [more]
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
From the Germanic personal name Landric
, a compound of land
"land" and ric
Combination of Old English lang
meaning "long" and feld
meaning "stretch of open country". It could serve either as a topographic surname or a habitational surname for someone from one of the many locations named "Langfield" (ex... [more]
An English habitational name from any of the numerous places named in Old English as ‘long ford’, from lang
‘long’ + ford
‘ford’, except for Langford in Nottinghamshire, which is named with an Old English personal name Landa
or possibly land
, here used in a specific sense such as ‘boundary’ or ‘district’, with the same second element.
LANGHORNEnglish, Danish, Dutch
Northern English: probably a habitational name from a minor place in Soulby, Cumbria, called Longthorn, from Old English lang
‘long’ + horn
‘projecting headland’, or a topographic name with the same meaning.... [more]
Means "long stone"; derived from Old English lang
meaning "long" and stan
meaning "stone". It can also be used as a given name.
The first marquis lansdowne, land owners for there lords and farmers also know as tenants.
Derived from the name of Lancing
, a place in West Sussex, which was composed of the Old English personal name Wlanc
meaning "family of" or "followers of".
A surname referring to someone who had immigrated from Lapland, northern Scandinavia.
From the old Teutonic word 'lahtro' which is to do with a place that animals bear their young. This was modifed in several dialects to be 'lahtre', 'lattr', 'lauchter' and 'lawchter'. ... [more]
Habitational name from any of the places in England named with the Old Norse word hlaða
English occupational name for a Latinist, a clerk who wrote documents in Latin, from Anglo-Norman French latinier
. Latin was more or less the universal language of official documents in the Middle Ages, displaced only gradually by the vernacular—in England, by Anglo-Norman French at first, and eventually by English.
Habitational name from any of the numerous places in England so called. Most of them, as for example those in Leicestershire, Lincolnshire (near Gainsborough), Sussex, and West Yorkshire, are named with Old English leac
‘leek’ + tun
English (chiefly Devon and Cornwall): Medieval English and occupational, from pre-10th century Old French "lavandier". Introduced by the Normans after 1066, originally described a worker in the wool industry, and was a metonymic or nickname for a person employed to wash raw wool or rinse the cloth after fulling... [more]
Habitational name, common in Lancashire and Yorkshire, from Buglawton or Church Lawton in Cheshire, or Lawton in Herefordshire, named in Old English as ‘settlement on or near a hill’, or ‘settlement by a burial mound’, from hlaw
‘hill’, ‘burial mound’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
The name comes from a small village in England called "Laycock" and has something to do with "the place of the birds."... [more]
Habitational name for someone living near a meadow. Derived from Middle English leye
. ... [more]
From a place name which was derived from leysingi
, two Norse words meaning "freedman" and "settlement" respectively.
Occupational name for a physician’s servant, from Leach 1 + Middle English man ‘manservant’.
Means (i) "person from Leire", Leicestershire ("place on the river Leire
", a river-name that may also be the ancestor of Leicestershire
); or (ii) "person from Lear", any of several variously spelled places in northern France with a name based on Germanic lār
LECKEYScottish, English, Irish
Originally Scottish, but also found in England, Northern Ireland and Ireland. Possibly derives from the barony of Leckie (meaning "place of flagstones", from Gaelic leac
, "flagstone") in Stirlingshire.
LEDGEREnglish, Norman, French, Dutch
English: from a Norman personal name, Leodegar
, Old French Legier
, of Germanic origin, composed of the elements liut
‘people’, ‘tribe’ + gar
‘spear’. The name was borne by a 7th-century bishop of Autun, whose fame contributed to the popularity of the name in France... [more]
From a Norman personal name, Leodegar
, Old French Legier
, of Germanic origin, composed of the elements liut
"people, tribe" and gār
"spear". The name was borne by a 7th-century bishop of Autun, whose fame contributed to the popularity of the name in France... [more]
From the city of Leeds in Yorkshire. The name was first attested in the form Loidis in AD 731. In the Domesday Book of 1086, it is recorded as 'Ledes'. This name is thought to have ultimately been derived from an earlier Celtic name... [more]
LEMONEnglish, Northern Irish, Scottish
English: from the Middle English personal name Lefman
, Old English Leofman
, composed of the elements leof
‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + mann
‘man’, ‘person’. This came to be used as a nickname for a lover or sweetheart, from Middle English lem(m)an