Browse Submitted Surnames
This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
English: nickname for a swift runner, from Middle English schere(n)
‘to shear’ + wind
Metonymic occupational name for an armorer, from Middle English scheld
"shield" (Old English scild
An occupational name for someone who laid wooden tiles, or shingles on roofs, an agent derivative Middle English schingle
‘shingle’. ... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for a Skinner, from Old English scinn, Middle English shin ‘hide’, ‘pelt’. In Middle English this word was replaced by the Norse equivalent, skinn.
SHIPLEY English (Rare)
English: habitational name from any of the various places, for example in Derbyshire, County Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire, Sussex, and West Yorkshire, so called from Old English sceap
‘sheep’ + leah
(i) perhaps "person from Shocklach", Cheshire ("boggy stream infested with evil spirits"); (ii) perhaps an anglicization of Swiss German Schoechli
, literally "person who lives by the little barn"
A different form of Carbonell
. Shrapnel (i.e. metal balls or fragments that are scattered when a bomb, shell or bullet explodes) is named after General Henry Shrapnel (1761-1842), a British artillery officer who during the Peninsular War invented a shell that produced that effect.
Regional name from the county of Shropshire, on the western border of England with Wales.
Origin uncertain; perhaps a nickname from Middle English schucke
Originally denoting someone from Sigsworth Moor in North Yorkshire, England.
SILK English, Irish
English: metonymic occupational name for a silk merchant, from Middle English selk(e), silk(e) ‘silk’. ... [more]
A different form of Shillito
(which is 'a name of unknown derivation and meaning, probably originating in Yorkshire'), borne by British novelist, short-story writer and poet Alan Sillitoe (1928-2010).
From Middle English silver
"silver", hence a nickname for a rich man or for someone with silvery gray hair, or a metonymic occupational name for a silversmith.
Topographic name from any of the various streams in different parts of England named with this word, probably from the silvery appearance of the water.
Obviously means "silver stone." In addition to people, this is the name of a racetrack in the village of the same name in England.
SINNOTT English, Irish
From the medieval personal name Sinod
(from Old English Sigenōth
, literally "victory-brave").... [more]
metronymic from the medieval female personal name Siss, Ciss, short for Sisley, Cecilie, or possibly from a pet form of Sisley (with the old French diminutive suffix -on). variant of Sessions
SKELTON English, German, Norwegian (Rare)
Habitational name from places in Cumbria and Yorkshire, England, originally named with the same elements as Shelton
, but with a later change of ‘s’ to ‘sk’ under Scandinavian influence.
Occupational name for a slater, from Middle English slate
A characteristic name for someone noted for being thin.
SMALLEY English, Cornish (?)
Locational surname from places in Derbyshire and Lancashire, so called from Old English smæl
‘narrow’ + leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’. This may also be a Cornish name with an entirely separate meaning.
From Old English (smeart
) meaning "quick". This surname was used to refer to person who worked as a handyman.
From Old English Smiðatun
meaning "settlement of the smiths".
SMILEY Scots, English
From elements small
meaning "a small clearing" or as a nickname may refer to a person of happy disposition known for smiling.
From Middle English smoc, smok meaning "smock", "shift", hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made or sold such garments, or a nickname for someone who habitually wore a smock (the usual everyday working garment of a peasant).
SNAPE English (British), Scottish
An old, now rare surname, with various origins in Suffolk and Yorkshire in England and Lanarkshire in Scotland. This is also the name of Severus Snape, a character from J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter book series.
History largely unknown. The word's original meaning, in the mid-nineteenth century, was to snort / snore, or to find fault. ... [more]
Means "son of Snell
", Snell being a nickname for a brisk or active person, from Middle English snell
"quick, lively" (cf. the Dutch cognate Snell
), but "in part also representing a survival of the Old English personal name Snell or the Old Norse cognate Snjallr
Habitational name from Snowden, a place in West Yorkshire named from Old English snāw ‘snow’ + dūn ‘hill’, i.e. a hill where snow lies long.
Variant spelling of Snowden
, a surname initially used by the Border Reivers. Comes from the mountain in Wales.
Reportedly German and Dutch background? Never have really known. The history that has been told my siblings and I is that three brothers came from Germany to the US in late 1800 and went into business in Phila - they eventually argued and split up and two of them changed the spelling of their last name and scattered throughout PA - When I left home in 1963 - mY Father James Edward Soliday, son of John Soliday and Martha Freidline Soliday and us children were the only ones in our area... [more]
Regional name from the county of this name, so called from Old English sumer(tun)saete
meaning "dwellers at the summer settlement".
From a medieval nickname meaning literally "little red-haired one", from a derivative of Anglo-Norman sorel
From Middle English south
, hence a topographic name for someone who lived to the south of a settlement or a regional name for someone who had migrated from the south.
Occupational surname for a leader or supervisor, derived from the English word sovereign
meaning "possessing supreme or ultimate power".
Habitational name from any places so-called in Northern England. Named from Old Norse saurr
, 'mud, filth' and by
, 'farm, estate'.
SPALDING English, Scottish
This surname originates as a locational surname (someone coming from Spalding in Lincolnshire) is derived from Old English Spaldingas
, which may be a tribal name for members of the Spaldas tribe... [more]
English: nickname from Middle English sparewe
‘sparrow’, perhaps for a small, chirpy person, or else for someone bearing some fancied physical resemblance to a sparrow.
Nickname from Middle English sparewe
"sparrow", perhaps for a small, chirpy person, or else for someone bearing some fancied physical resemblance to a sparrow.
English (chiefly Lancashire) nickname or occupational name for someone who acted as a spokesman, from Middle English spekeman
‘advocate’, ‘spokesman’ (from Old English specan
to speak + mann
SPENCE English, Scottish
Metonymic occupational name for a servant employed in the pantry of a great house or monastery, from Middle English spense
"larder", "storeroom" (a reduced form of Old French despense
, from a Late Latin derivative of dispendere, past participle dispensus, "to weigh out or dispense").
From a medieval nickname for someone who spread their amorous affections around freely. A different form of the surname was borne by Dora Spenlow, the eponymous hero's "child-wife" in Charles Dickens's 'David Copperfield' (1849-50).... [more]
SPICER English, Jewish, Polish
English: occupational name for a seller of spices, Middle English spic(i)er
(a reduced form of Old French espicier
, Late Latin speciarius
, an agent derivative of species
‘spice’, ‘groceries’, ‘merchandise’).... [more]
From the medieval male personal name Spileman
, literally "acrobat" or "jester" (from a derivative of Middle English spillen
"to play, cavort").
SPINDLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spindle maker, from an agent derivative of Middle English spindle
, Middle High German spindel
, German Spindel
, Yiddish shpindl
Apparently a metonymic occupational name either for a maker of roofing shingles or spoons, from Old English spon
"chip, splinter" (see also Spooner
English from northern Middle English Spragge
, either a personal name or a byname meaning "lively", a metathesized and voiced form of "spark."
Means (i) "operator of a springald (a type of medieval siege engine)" (from Anglo-Norman springalde
); or (ii) from a medieval nickname for a youthful person (from Middle English springal
SPRINGER German, English, Dutch, Jewish
Nickname for a lively person or for a traveling entertainer. It can also refer to a descendant of Ludwig
der Springer (AKA Louis
the Springer), a medieval Franconian count who, according to legend, escaped from a second or third-story prison cell by jumping into a river after being arrested for trying to seize County Saxony in Germany.
Surname comes from the occupation of a Squire. A young man who tends to a knight.
Surname is plural of Squire. A young person that tends to his knight, also someone that is a member of a landowner class that ranks below a knight.
Byname for a valiant or resolute person, from a reduced pronunciation of Middle English stalward
"stalwart" (an Old English compound of stǣl
"place" and wierðe
English habitational name from a place so named in South Yorkshire.
Olde English pre 7th Century "stan", stone, and "ford", ford; hence, "stony ford".
From the medieval personal name Stanhard
, literally "stone-strong" or "stone-brave".
STANSFIELD English (British)
Habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire, probably named with the genitive case of the Old English personal name Stan
"stone" and Old English feld
"pasture, open country". It may also be a topographic name from Middle English stanesfeld
"open country of the (standing) stone"... [more]
Habitational name from any of a number of places, in Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, and Wiltshire, so named from Old English stapol meaning "post" + ford meaning "ford".
STAR German, Dutch, Jewish, English
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Star, Middle High German star
, ‘starling’, probably denoting a talkative or perhaps a voracious person.... [more]
After Starbeck village in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. A famous bearer of this name was the fictional character, Starbuck, the first mate of the Pequod in Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick.
From a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a starling, especially in constantly chattering.
Habitational name from any of the various minor places named from Old English steort
FROM KUPPENHEIM, BADEN, GERMANY, WHERE IT WAS (AND IS TODAY) SPELLED WITH 2 Ms: STEMMLE.... [more]
STENT English (Archaic)
Derived from the Old Norse name Steinn meaning "stone". Recorded in several forms including Stein, Steen, Stone and Ston, this surname is english. It is perhaps not surprisingly one of the first recorded surnames anywhere in the world.... [more]
STERKEN Dutch, English
Means "strong". Derived either from the Old English term sterċan
, meaning "to make rigid", or from the Old Saxon sterkian
and Old High German sterken
, both meaning "to strengthen."
STEVEN Scottish, English, Dutch, North German
From the personal name Steven
, a vernacular form of Latin Stephanus
, Greek Stephanos
"crown". This was a popular name throughout Christendom in the Middle Ages, having been borne by the first Christian martyr, stoned to death at Jerusalem three years after the death of Christ... [more]
STICKMAN English (Canadian)
The Origin for the surname Stickman comes from the YouTube series Iron Hand character "Tim Stickman" and his wife (season 3) his kids (season 4) and parents (all seasons) made in 2016 and premiering in 2017.
STIFF English (American)
Used sometimes as a derogatory term, stiff means uptight. It is used in a surname in American culture as well as in the media, such as novels, movies or tv shows.
Habitational name from Stinchcombe in Gloucestershire, recorded in the 12th century as Stintescombe, from the dialect term stint meaning "sandpiper" + cumb meaning "narrow valley".
STINSON English, Scottish
This is one of the many patronymic forms of the male given name Stephen, i.e. son of Stephen. From these forms developed the variant patronymics which include Stim(p)son, Stenson, Steenson, and Stinson.
Habitational name from a place in Cumbria and North Yorkshire, England. Derived from Old English stocc
"tree trunk" and dæl
English: A topographic name for someone who lived near the trunk or stump of a large tree, Middle English Stocke
(Old English Stocc
). In some cases the reference may be to a primitive foot-bridge over a stream consisting of a felled tree trunk... [more]
Derived from Old english stocc (tree bark) and leah (clearing), indicating that the original bearer of this name lived in a wooded clearing.
Habitational surname for a person from any of the places (e.g. Cheshire, County Durham, Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Shropshire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and North and West Yorkshire) so called from Old English stocc
"tree trunk" or stoc
"dependent settlement" + tun
Topographic name for someone who lived by a paved road, in most cases a Roman road, from Middle English stane
, "stone" and street
"paved highway", "Roman road".
From the Old Norse nickname Stóri
, literally "large man". A literary bearer is British novelist and playwright David Storey (1933-).
STOUT Scottish, English
Probably a nickname for a brave or powerfully built man, from Middle English stout ‘steadfast’. A contrary origin derives from the Old Norse byname Stútr ‘gnat’, denoting a small and insignificant person.
A locational name from various places in England called Stowell
Nickname from Middle English streʒt
"straight, upright", presumably applied in either a literal or a figurative sense.
Originally given as a nickname to one who possessed great physical strength.
Means "person from Strangeways", Greater Manchester ("strong current").
English: habitational name from any of various places, in Bedfordshire, Dorset, Hampshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, Somerset, Suffolk, Surrey, and Wiltshire, so named from Old English str?t
‘paved highway’, ‘Roman road’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
English topographic name for someone who lived beside a stream, Middle English streme
. Americanized form of Swedish Ström
or Danish Strøm
English (Sussex) topographic name for someone living by a highway, in particular a Roman road (see Street
Strete is derived from Old English "Straet" which, in turn is derived from the latin "strata". This surname has spelling variants including, Streeter, Street, Straight, and Streeten. The first occurrences of this surname include Modbert de Strete of Devon (1100), AEluric de Streitun and his heir Roger (at the time of Henry de Ferrers) and Eadric Streona, Ealdorman of Mercia.
From a medieval nickname for a youthful or inexperienced person (from Middle English stripling
STROH English, German
Means "straw" when translated from German, indicating a thin man, a person with straw-colored hair, or a dealer of straw.
From Middle English strong
"strong", generally a nickname for a strong man but perhaps sometimes applied ironically to a weakling.... [more]
Stuckey was first found in Devonshire where they held family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence diminished after the battle of Hastings in 1066. For the next three centuries the Norman ambience prevailed... [more]
From a surname meaning "woodland clearing with tree stumps" in Old English.
STYLINSON English (British)
Juxtaposed names Styles and Tomlinson, used to represent (relation)ship between Louis Tomlinson and Harry Styles (Larry Stylinson).
From a medieval nickname for someone of childlike appearance or childish character (from Middle English suckling
"infant still feeding on its mother's milk"). Sir John Suckling (1609-1642) was an English poet and dramatist.
SUGG English (British)
Surname of internet personalities Zoe and Joe Sugg. Zoe is known as Zoella on the website YouTube and has a book on sale called "Girl Online". Joe is also a YouTuber.
SUMMER English, German
From Middle English sum(m)er
, Middle High German sumer
"summer", hence a nickname for someone of a warm or sunny disposition, or for someone associated with the season of summer in some other way.
Probably means "person living by a summer enclosure (where animals were grazed on upland pastures in the summer)" (from Middle English sumer
"summer" + hay
SUMMERLEE English (Rare)
This surname is originated from Old English sumer
meaning "summer" and leah
meaning "clearing, meadow."
Regional surname for someone from Somerset
, an area in England. The name is derived from Old English sumer(tun)saete
meaning "dwellers at the summer settlement".
This surname is derived from an official title. 'the sumpter.' Old French sommetier, a packhorseman, one who carried baggage on horseback
Habitational name from any of the locations with the name 'Sunderland', most notably the port city County Durham. This, along with other examples in Lancashire, Cumbria and Northumberland derives from either Old English sundor
'seperate' and land
'land' or Old Norse suðr
'southern' and land
'land' (see Sutherland
Regional name for someone from the county of Surrey.
From the medieval personal name Seric
, a descendant of both Old English Sǣrīc
, literally "sea power", and Sigerīc
, literally "victory power".
Originally meant "person from Surridge", Devon ("south ridge").
Meant "person from the south" (from Old French surreis
Comes from the female personal name Susanna
(Middle English), Susanna
(Dutch), from Hebrew Shushannah ‘lily’, ‘lily of the valley’. Southern French: from Occitan susan ‘above’, ‘higher’, hence a topographic name for someone living at the top end of a village or on the side of a valley... [more]
SUTTER German, English
English and South German occupational name for a shoemaker or cobbler (rarely a tailor), from Middle English suter
, Middle High German suter
(from Latin sutor
, an agent derivative of suere
Possibly derives from the Old English word ''sutere'', and the Latin word ''sutor'', meaning a shoemaker.
Recorded in the spellings of Swaile, Swale and Swales, this is an English surname. It is locational, and according to the famous Victorian etymologist Canon Charles Bardsley, originates from either a hamlet called Swallow Hill, near Barnsley in Yorkshire, with Swale being the local dialectal pronunciation and spelling... [more]
SWAIN Scottish, Irish, English
Northern English occupational name for a servant or attendant, from Middle English swein
"young man attendant upon a knight", which was derived from Old Norse sveinn
"boy, servant, attendant"... [more]
From Middle English swal(e)we
"swallow", hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the bird, perhaps in swiftness and grace.
SWAN English, Scottish
Originally given as a nickname to a person who was noted for purity or excellence, which were taken to be attributes of the swan, or who resembled a swan in some other way. In some cases it may have been given to a person who lived at a house with the sign of a swan... [more]
Habitational name from Swanwick in Derbyshire, possibly also Swanwick in Hampshire. Both are named from Old English swan
, "herdsman," and wic
, "outlying dairy farm."
Unexplained. Possibly an Anglicized form of Dutch Swijse(n)
, variant of Wijs
"wise" (see Wise
SWIFT English, Irish
As an English surname, it is originated as a nickname for a swift, fast runner (from Old English swift
meaning "swift, fleet, quick.")... [more]
Probably an Americanized spelling of German Schwing
or from Middle High German zwinc meaning "legal district", hence possibly a metonymic occupational name for a district administrator.
Either (i) from the medieval nickname Swetesire
(literally "sweet sir, amiable master"), applied sarcastically either to someone who used the expression liberally as a form of address or to someone with a de-haut-en-bas
manner; or (ii) an anglicization of Schweitzer
(from Middle High German swīzer
English Surname (mainly Yorkshire): topographic name for someone who lived by a stream in a marsh or in a hollow, from Middle English syke ‘marshy stream’, ‘damp gully’, or a habitational name from one of the places named with this word, in Lancashire and West Yorkshire.
SYMERE English (American, Rare)
Name of unknown origin, typically used in the United States. It is best known as the real first name of American rapper Lil Uzi Vert.
SYNGE English (British)
First found in Shropshire where they had been anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Bridgenorth, from the time of the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 A.D.
Either (i) from the medieval male personal name Syred
(from Old English Sigerǣd
, literally "victory-counsel"); or (ii) from the medieval female personal name Sigerith
(from Old Norse Sigfrithr
, literally "victory-lovely").
TALBERT English, French
From a continental Germanic personal name composed of the elements tal
"valley" and berth
TALBOT English, Norman
Disputed origin, but likely from a Germanic given name composed of the elements tal
"to destroy" and bod
"message". In this form the name is also found in France, taken there apparently by English immigrants; the usual French form is Talbert
TALLANT English (British, ?), Norman, Irish
English (of Norman origin) occupational name for a tailor or nickname for a good swordsman, from taillant
‘cutting’, present participle of Old French tailler
‘to cut’ (Late Latin taliare
, from talea
‘(plant) cutting’)... [more]
Habitational name from Talland in Cornwall, which is thought to be named as ‘hill-brow church site’, from Cornish tal
TALLON English, Irish, Norman, French
English and Irish (of Norman origin), and French from a Germanic personal name derived from tal
‘destroy’, either as a short form of a compound name with this first element (compare Talbot
) or as an independent byname... [more]
From a shortened variant of the male personal name Andrew
, with the suffix -cock
(literally "cockerel", hence "jaunty or bumptious young man"), that was often added to create pet-forms of personal names in the Middle Ages.
TANGUAY French, English
From a personal name, a contraction of Tanneguy
, from Breton tan
meaning 'fire', and ki
meaning 'dog', which was the name of a 6-th century Christian saint associated with Paul Aurelian.
Tarbell is an alteration of the English placename Turville in Buckinghamshire in England.
Habitational name from Taunton in Somerset, Taunton Farm in Coulsdon, Surrey, or Tanton in North Yorkshire. The Somerset place name was originally a combination of a Celtic river name (now the Tone, possibly meaning ‘roaring stream’) + Old English tūn
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
This surname is derived from the Middle English phrase "at asche," meaning at,or near the ash tree.