Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
POLSKI Polish, Jewish
Nickname for a Polish person, originating in areas of mixed populations.
PORTUGAL Spanish, Portuguese, English, Catalan, French, Jewish
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, French, and Jewish surname meaning ethnic name or regional name for someone from Portugal or who had connections with Portugal. The name of the country derives from Late Latin Portucale, originally denoting the district around Oporto (Portus Cales, named with Latin portus ‘port’, ‘harbor’ + Cales, the ancient name of the city)... [more]
POZNANSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name from the city of Poznan in west-central Poland, or possibly from other places of this name, in Katowice and Siedlce voivodeships.
This is the surname of American actress Laura Prepon (born March 7, 1980).
PRESS English, Jewish
A nickname for a pious individual from the Middle English form of "priest" or possibly someone employed by a priest. In the Jewish sense, one whose occupation was to iron clothes.
Polish Jewish name meaning son of rabbi from the root rabi
meaning "rabbi" combined with the Polish patronymic suffix -owicz
From the root rabi
"rabbi" combined with the Polish suffix -ski
RAK Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian (Rák), and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from Slavic rak ‘crab’, ‘lobster’, or ‘crayfish’. This was applied as an occupational name for someone who caught and sold crayfish, crabs, or lobsters, or as a nickname to someone thought to resemble such a creature... [more]
RATHER German, Jewish
1. Occupational name for a counsellor or nickname for a wise person, from Middle High German rater ‘adviser’. ... [more]
From Hebrew רָבִיב (raviv)
meaning "droplet, rain, drizzle".
RECHT German, Jewish
Nickname for an upright person, from Middle High German reht
, German recht
"straight". As a Jewish name it is mainly of ornamental origin.
REICH German, Jewish
Nickname for a wealthy or powerful man, from Middle High German rīch
"of noble descent, powerful, rich", German reich
Jewish (Ashkenazic) nickname for a traveler, from an agent derivative of German reisen
‘to travel’ (see Reise
). Also a variant of Reis
Means "red leaf" in Yiddish. This is somewhat rare, chiefly used by Jews from Russia and Ukraine.
Metronymic from the Yiddish female given name Rifke
from the Hebrew given name Rivka
), with the addition of the Slavic suffix -in
Variant of RIFKIN
. The final element was changed due to the influence of the Yiddish noun kind
"child" (German: "Kinder").
Habitational name from any of various villages named Rogi or from Rogin, all in Belarus.
ROHR German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived in an area thickly grown with reeds, from Middle High German ror
. Also a habitational name from one of the several places named with this word.
Ornamental adoption of modern German Rosenbaum
ROSENTHAL German, Jewish
name for any of numerous places named rosenthal or rosendahl. means " rose valley"
A shortened form of the surname Horowitz, a variant of the surname Horovic, from the town of Horovice, Czech Republic.
RYBAK Polish, Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Means "fisherman" in some Slavic languages. Derived from the word ryba
"fish". A famous bearer is Byelarusian-Norwegian artist Alexander Rybak (b. 1986) who won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2009.
Jewish (Ashkenazi) ornamental name from German Sabbat
SAENGER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a chorister or a nickname for someone who liked singing, from Middle High German senger, German Sänger meaning "singer".
SAFIR Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name from northeastern Yiddish dialect safir and German Saphir ‘sapphire’.
SALZMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from German salz
"salt" + mann
SAMET German, Jewish, Yiddish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of velvet, from Yiddish samet
‘velvet’ (German Samt
, ultimately from Greek hexamiton, a compound of hex
‘six’ + mitos
SARVER English, Jewish
English and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) occupational name from Old French serveur
(an agent derivative of server
‘to serve’), Yiddish sarver
SAUER German, Jewish
Nickname for an embittered or cantankerous person, from Middle High German sur
, German sauer
SCHATTNER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of several places named Schaten or Schatten, or a topographic name for someone living in a shady location, from Middle High German schate
SCHATZ German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a treasurer, from German Schatz
‘treasure’, Middle High German scha(t)z
. It may also have been a nickname for a rich man (or ironically for a miser), or else for a well-liked person or a ladies’ favorite, from the use of the vocabulary word as a term of endearment... [more]
SCHENKEL German, Dutch, Jewish
German, Dutch, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for someone with long or otherwise notable legs, from Middle High German schenkel
, Middle Dutch schenkel
‘thigh’, ‘lower leg’, German Schenkel
From German Schild "shield", "(house) sign", applied either as an ornamental name or as a habitational name for someone who lived in a house distinguished by a sign.
SCHOEN German, Jewish, Dutch
German (Schön) nickname for a handsome or pleasant man, from Middle High German schoene
‘fine’, ‘beautiful’; ‘refined’, ‘friendly’, ‘nice’. ... [more]
SCHOTTLANDER German, Jewish, Dutch
From German Schottland
, 'Scotland' and, in some cases, denoted an immigrant from Scotland or Ireland. Numerous Irish fled to continental Europe after the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 13th century.... [more]
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme
(Middle High German schram(me)
) and Yiddish shram
, all of which mean "scar".
Occupational name for a Talmudic scholar or the sexton of a synagogue, from an agent derivative of Yiddish shul
SCHWAB German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): regional name for someone from Swabia (German Schwaben), from Middle High German Swap, German Schwabe ‘Swabian’. The region takes its name from a Germanic tribe recorded from the 1st century BC in the Latin form Suebi or Suevi, of uncertain origin; it was an independent duchy from the 10th century until 1313, when the territory was broken up.
Metonymic occupational name from German Seide
and Yiddish zayd
SEIDE German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German side, German Seide ‘silk’ (from Late Latin seta, originally denoting animal hair), hence a metonymic occupational name for a manufacturer or seller of silk.
SEINFELD German, Jewish
From the German word sein
"to be" and the word of German Jewish origin feld
which means "field". It was a name given to areas of land that had been cleared of forest.
From Hebrew שליט (shalit)
meaning "ruler" or "ruling, governing, dominant".
From an Old Testament place name, in Hebrew שָׁרוֹן (Sharon), which means "plain", referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHATNER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Schattner
. A notable bearer was Canadian actor William Shatner (1931-), who is known for his roles as Captain James T. Kirk in 'Star Trek', T.J. Hooker in 'T.J. Hooker', Denny Crane in 'Boston Legal', and the Priceline Negotiator in Priceline.com commercials.
SHEMTOV Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good name", derived from Hebrew שם (shem
) means "name" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
SHERESHEVSKY Russian, Jewish
Russian Jewish surname derived from Шерешёво (Shereshyovo)
, the Russian name for the Belarusian city of Шарашова (Sharashova)
, itself probably derived from the Belarusian dialectal word шэраш (sherash)
meaning "ice on (a) river" or "gray"... [more]
It is a Jewish-Polish surname that first appeared around 1090. It means Rabai, Gabbai, or Shamash. These are occupations that take place in a Shul-Synagogue. Shul is the Yiddish word for Synagogue. The name litterally means 'man that goes to the Synagogue'.
SHULTS Jewish (Anglicized, Rare)
The name Shults comes from one of those ancient dukedoms, territories and states that would eventually form a part of present day Germany. At its birth in the Middle Ages, it was used to indicate someone who worked as a town-mayor derived from the medieval name "Schultheis" which has the same meaning.... [more]
SILBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German "silber," meaning "silver." Metonymic occupational name for a silversmith, or often, in the case of the Jewish surname, an ornamental name.
The meaning of the name is "silver mountain" and comes from Germany
SILBERSTEIN German, Jewish
From Middle High German silber
"silver" and stein
"stone"; a habitational name from a place so named in Bavaria, or a topographic name.... [more]
SIMANTOV Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good sign", derived from Hebrew סימן (siman
) means "sign" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
Means "son of Simke", Simke
being a diminutive of the Yiddish feminine name Sime
(from Hebrew Simcha
, literally "joy").
Habitational name from Slonim, a city in Belarus.
Habitational name for someone from Slutsk, a city in Belarus.
Unknown meaning. A notable bearer is YouTube Personality Matt Sohinki, better known simply as Sohinki, who is a member of Smosh Games.
Means "son of the son of Sore
", a Yiddish female personal name (from Hebrew Sara
, literally "princess"), with the addition of the Slavic possessive suffix -in
and German Sohn
SOROKA Ukranian, Jewish
From the nickname Soroka
meaning "magpie", which indicates a thievish person or a person with a white streak of hair among black hair.
Occupational name from Polish szpektor
"teacher's assistant in a Jewish school", a derivative of Polish inspecktor
SPICER English, Jewish, Polish
English: occupational name for a seller of spices, Middle English spic(i)er
(a reduced form of Old French espicier
, Late Latin speciarius
, an agent derivative of species
‘spice’, ‘groceries’, ‘merchandise’).... [more]
SPIEGEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" (via Old High German from Latin speculum
, a derivative of specere
SPIEGLER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" and the agent suffix -er
SPIELBERG Jewish, German
From Old High German spiegel
"lookout point" or German Spiel
"game, play" and berg
"mountain". Locational surname after a town in Austria. A famous bearer is American director Steven Spielberg (1946-present).
SPINDLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spindle maker, from an agent derivative of Middle English spindle
, Middle High German spindel
, German Spindel
, Yiddish shpindl
SPRINGER German, English, Dutch, Jewish
Nickname for a lively person or for a traveling entertainer. It can also refer to a descendant of Ludwig
der Springer (AKA Louis
the Springer), a medieval Franconian count who, according to legend, escaped from a second or third-story prison cell by jumping into a river after being arrested for trying to seize County Saxony in Germany.
STANG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German stang
, German Stange
‘pole’, ‘shaft’, hence a nickname for a tall, thin person, a metonymic occupational name for a maker of wooden shafts for spears and the like, or a metonymic occupational name for a soldier.
STAR German, Dutch, Jewish, English
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Star, Middle High German star
, ‘starling’, probably denoting a talkative or perhaps a voracious person.... [more]
STAUB German (Swiss), German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational nickname for a miller, from Middle High German stoup
, German Staub
‘dust’. The Jewish surname may also be ornamental.
STEINBACH German, Jewish
German habitational name from any of the many places named Steinbach, named with Middle High German stein
‘stone’ + bach
‘stream’, ‘creek’. ... [more]
STEINER German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): occupational name for someone who worked with stone: a quarry-man, stone-cutter, or stonemason; an agent derivative of Stein
. Also can be a topographic name for someone who lived on stony ground or near a prominent outcrop of rock.
STEINMETZ German, Jewish
Occupational name from Middle High German steinmetze
, German steinmetz
"stonemason", "worker in stone".
STORCH German, Jewish
From Middle High German storch
"stork", hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the bird.
Ornamental name composed of German Strasse
"street" and Berg
STRASSMANN German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone living on a main street, from Middle High German strasse
, German Strasse
"street, road" and man
STRAUSS German, Jewish
From the German word strauß
, meaning "ostrich." In its use as a Jewish surname, it comes from the symbol of the building or family that the bearer occupied or worked for in the Frankfurter Judengasse... [more]
STRAUß German, Jewish
An older spelling of Strauss, which is only used in Germany and Austria.
Metonymic occupational name for a seller of tobacco, from German Tabak, Yiddish and Ukrainian tabik (all ultimately from Spanish tabaco, a word of Caribbean origin). Tobacco was introduced to Europe in the 16th century.
TANNEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places in Lower Saxony or Baden named with German Tannen
‘pine’, or from a short form of any of the many compound names formed with this element... [more]
TANNENBAUM Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) topographic name or Jewish ornamental name from German Tannenbaum
‘fir tree’, ‘pine tree’.
TARTAKOVSKY Jewish, Russian
Russian Jewish surname denoting someone originally from the village of Tartakov (Тартаків) in Ukraine. The village's name itself is derived from Ukrainian тартак (tartak)
referring to a sawmill or cutting device.
THAL Jewish, German
Ornamental and topographic name derived from German Tal
TISCH Jewish, German
Metonymic occupational name for a joiner, from German "Tisch", Yiddish "tish" meaning table
Ashkenazi Jewish and Ukrainian surname meaning tailor.
TOUATI Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Habitual family name denoting someone who originated from the Touat (or Tuat) desert region in Algeria. It is also sometimes used by North African Sephardic Jews.
TREU German, Jewish
From a nickname for a trustworthy person, from late Middle High German triuwe
‘loyal’. As a Jewish surname it is mainly ornamental.
URBAN English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Hungarian, Jewish
From a medieval personal name (Latin Urbanus meaning "city dweller", a derivative of urbs meaning "town", "city").
WAHL German, Jewish
From Middle High German Walhe
"foreigner from a Romance country", hence a nickname for someone from Italy or France, etc. This surname is also established in Sweden.
WALDSTEIN German, Jewish
Habitational surname for a person from a place in Bohemia called Waldstein, which is derived from Middle High German walt
"forest" + stein
WEIL German, Jewish
South German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places so named in Baden, Bavaria, and Württemberg, from Latin villa ‘country house’, ‘estate’ (later used of a group of houses forming a settlement).
WEILER German, Jewish
Habitational name from any of several places so named in southern Germany. Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Weil
WEINMANN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational name for a viticulturalist or wine merchant, Middle High German winman
, German Weinmann
WEINSTEIN German, Jewish
Ashkenazi Jewish surname meaning "wine stone" from German wein
meaning “wine” and stein
meaning “stone, rock”. It refers to potassium bitartrate crystals produced as a result of fermenting grapes.
WEINSTOCK English, German, Hebrew
This surname of WEINSTOCK is the English variant of the German surname WENSTOCK, an occupational name for a producer or seller of wine, derived originally from the Old German WEIN. The name was also adopted by Ashkenazic Jews, largely recollecting the prominence of wine in the Jewish Scriptures and its used in Jewish ceremonies... [more]
WEISENBURGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Weissenburg "white fortress".
WILD Medieval English, English, German, Jewish
English: from Middle English wild
‘wild’, ‘uncontrolled’ (Old English wilde
), hence a nickname for a man of violent and undisciplined character, or a topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of overgrown uncultivated land.... [more]
WINEHOUSE Jewish, German
Anglicized variant of German and Yiddish 'Weinhaus'. From German wein
, 'vine, grapevine' and haus
'house, building, home', likely indicating a house with a vineyard. ... [more]
WINKEL German, Jewish, Dutch, Belgian
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): topographic name for someone who lived on a corner of land in the country or a street corner in a town or city, from Middle High German winkel, German Winkel ‘corner’... [more]
WINKELMANN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): topographic name for someone who lived on a corner or kept a corner shop (see Winkel
), with the addition of Middle High German man, German Mann ‘man’. ... [more]
Eastern Ashkenazic, from the Yiddish female personal name Vitle
, a pet form of Vite
combined with the eastern Slavic suffix -in
WITZ German, Jewish
From the medieval personal name Witzo
, a short form of any of several Germanic compound names beginning with wig ‘battle’. Also a variant of Witzig
. ... [more]
Habitual surname from Włodawa, Poland. First seen in a 1806 revision list of the city Kobryn (Grodno Guberniya), now Kobryn Belarus. ... [more]
This is the surname of the character Howard in the American television show "The Big Bang Theory".
WOŹNIAK Polish, Jewish
Derivative or patronymic from the occupational or status term wozny ‘beadle’, ‘city official’.
YOMTOV Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good day", derived from Hebrew יום (yom
) means "day" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
Means "jubilee" or "anniversary" in Hebrew, usually refers to a 50 years anniversary.
YUSUPOV Uzbek, Avar, Tajik, Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Crimean Tatar, Jewish
Means "son of Yusup
", also used by Central Asian Jews. This was the name of a Russian family of nobility of Crimean Tatar ancestry.
Derived from Hebrew זָהָב (zaháv)
ZASLAVSKY Russian, Jewish
Russian Jewish surname derived from Iziaslav (also called Zaslav), the name of a city in Volhynia, Ukraine.
Abbreviation of the Hebrew phrase Zera TSadikim
"seed of the righteous", assumed in a spirit of pious respect for one’s ancestors.
Occupational name from Yiddish tsekh meaning "guild" or "craft corporation" and man "man".
Means "son of Zelde
", a Yiddish female personal name based on Middle High German sælde
ZELLER German, Dutch, English, Jewish
Originally denoted someone from Celle, Germany or someone living near a hermit's cell from German zelle
"cell". It is also occupational for someone employed at a zelle
, for example a small workshop.
Occupational name for a tax collecter, comes from Yiddish tselnik
which means haberdashery
Derived from the the given name Zohar
meaning "light, brilliance" in Hebrew.
ZUCKERBERG German, Jewish
Means "sugar mountain" from German zucker
meaning "sugar" and berg
meaning "mountain, hill".
ZWILLING German, Jewish
Means "a twin", as in a twin brother or twin sister. Often given to those who were twins.