Nickname for a courteous person, derived from Old French curteis
meaning "refined, courtly"
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
. A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda
and Henry Sugar
From Old English dæl
, originally indicating a person who lived there.
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam"
in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
DE CAMPO Italian
Locative surname derived from place names called Campo (meaning "field").
DE JONG Dutch
in Dutch, from Middle Dutch jonc
. This is the most common surname in the Netherlands.
Means "of the cross"
in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
DELGADO Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish and Portuguese, ultimately from Latin delicatus
meaning "delicate, tender, charming".
in Turkish, originally referring to an ironworker.
Means "from the rose bushes"
, from French rosier
"rose bush". It probably referred to a person who lived close to, or cared for a rose garden.
DEVIN (2) English
Nickname for a person who acted divinely, from Old French devin
"divine", ultimately from Latin.
DE WITTE Dutch
Means "the white"
in Dutch, a nickname for a person with white hair.
DONNE Scottish, Irish
From Gaelic donn
, a nickname for a person with brown hair.
Means "small oak"
in Czech, derived from dub
Name for someone who lived on or near a down, which an English word meaning "hill"
Derived from the Old Norse byname Draki
or the Old English byname Draca
both meaning "dragon"
, both via Latin from Greek δράκων (drakon)
meaning "dragon, serpent".
Means "from the forest"
, from French bois
Means "from the fort"
, from French fort
Occupational name for a baker, from French four "oven"
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux
"leader". It was a nickname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
Means "from the mountain"
, from French mont
DUNN English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn "dark"
or Gaelic donn "brown"
, referring to hair colour or complexion.
Means "from the bridge"
, from French pont
DURAND French, English
From Old French durant
, ultimately from Latin durans
. This was a nickname for a stubborn person.
From Frisian dyk
meaning "dike, ditch"
. The name was given to a person living near a dyke or embankment.
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl
meaning "nobleman, warrior"
. It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
in German, indicating a person who lived near an oak tree.
From Old Norse eldr
, modern Swedish eld
, meaning "fire"
Denoted a person who was of English heritage. It was used to distinguish people who lived in border areas (for example, near Wales or Scotland). It was also used to distinguish an Anglo-Saxon from a Norman.
in Spanish, a name for someone who lived near a thorn bush.
From Spanish espinoso
, ultimately from Latin spinosus
, a derivative of spina
meaning "thorn, spine".
From Italian fabbro
, ultimately from Latin faber
Derived from Italian falco "falcon"
. The name was used to denote a falconer or a person who resembled a falcon in some way.
Occupational name for a miller, derived from Italian farina "flour"
Occupational name meaning "mower"
in French, ultimately from Latin falx
meaning "sickle, scythe".
FAULKNER English, Scottish
Occupational name meaning "keeper of falcons"
, from Middle English and Scots faulcon
, from Late Latin falco
, of Germanic origin.
FAY French, English
Referred to a person who came from various places named Fay or Faye in northern France, derived from Old French fau
"beech tree", from Latin fagus
FELD German, Jewish
in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
From a name for someone who dwelt near a marsh, from Old English fenn
meaning "fen, swamp, bog"
Occupational name for a metalworker or smith, derived from Latin ferrarius
, a derivative of ferrum
FERREIRA Portuguese, Galician
Denoted a person from a town named because it was near an iron mine, from Latin ferrum
FERRO Italian, Portuguese
, ultimately from Latin ferrum
. This was an occupational name for one who worked with iron.
Occupational name meaning "blacksmith"
in Old French, derived from Latin faber
Name for a person who lived on or near a field or pasture, from Old English feld
Given to a person who was a Fleming, that is a person who was from FLANDERS
in the Netherlands.
Derived from Old French fontane
meaning "well, fountain"
, a derivative of Latin fons
Name given to someone who lived by a ford, possibly the official who maintained it. A famous bearer was the American industrialist Henry Ford (1863-1947).
FOREST English, French
Originally belonged to a person who lived near or in a forest. It was probably originally derived, via Old French forest
, from Latin forestam (silva)
meaning "outer (wood)".
Denoted a keeper or one in charge of a forest, or one who has charge of growing timber in a forest (see FOREST
Name for someone who lived near ferns, from Old High German farn "fern"
Derived from Old High German forst "forest"
. Probably unrelated to the Old French word forest
, which was derived from Latin, Old High German forst
was derived from foraha
meaning "fir tree".
Derived from Old French fort "stronghold"
, indicating a person who lived near or worked at such a place.
From Middle English, ultimately from Latin fortuna
meaning "fortune, luck, chance"
. This was possibly a nickname for a gambler.
Occupational name for a baker, from French fourneau
From the name of the animal. It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a crafty person.
Derived from Middle English frankelin
. It denoted a landowner of free but not noble birth, from Old French franc
in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
FREUD German, Jewish
in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
From a nickname derived from Middle High German vrom
meaning "noble, honourable"
FROST English, German
From Old English and Old High German meaning "frost"
, a nickname for a person who had a cold personality or a white beard.
From Old English frig
(a variant of freo
) meaning "free"
From Old High German fuhs
. It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
Means "spring, well"
in Spanish, derived from Latin fons
GAGE French, English
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge "measure"
(a name for an assayer) or gage "pledge, payment"
(a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
Derived from Old French gagnier
meaning "to farm, to cultivate"
GALLO Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin gallus
. This was a nickname for a proud person.
GARNER (1) English
From Old French gernier
, a derivative of Latin granum
meaning "grain". This name could refer to a person who worked at a granary or lived near one.
GARNETT (1) English
Occupational name referring to a person who made hinges, from Old French carne "hinge"
in Italian, originally a nickname for an agile person.
Means "tanner, leather dresser"
in German, derived from Old High German garawen
meaning "to prepare".
Occupational name for a barley farmer, derived from Old High German gersta "barley"
GLASS English, German
From Old English glæs
or Old High German glas
. This was an occupational name for a glass blower or glazier.
Derived from Gaelic gleann "valley"
. A famous bearer was American astronaut John Glenn (1921-2016).
From a nickname meaning "good"
, referring to a kindly person.
Occupational name for a steward, derived from Middle English greyve
, related to the German title Graf
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
Descriptive name for someone who often wore the colour green or someone who lived near the village green.
Occupational name meaning "steward, farm manager"
in Middle English, related to the German title Graf
GRIFFIN (2) English
Nickname from the mythological beast with body of a lion with head and wings of an eagle. It is ultimately from Greek γρύψ (grups)
Means "thick, fat, big"
in French, from Late Latin grossus
, possibly of Germanic origin.
From Old High German groz
meaning "tall, big"
From Old English graf
. This originally indicated a person who lived near a grove (a group of trees).
Nickname for a big person, from Middle English golias
meaning "giant" (ultimately from GOLIATH
, the Philistine warrior who was slain by David in the Old Testament).
HABER German, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat"
. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
From Bosnian hadž
meaning "hajj, pilgrimage"
, ultimately derived from Arabic حَجّ (hajj)
. It originally denoted a person who had completed the hajj.
Occupational name for a potter, derived from Old High German havan "pot, vessel"
Derived from Old English halh
meaning "nook, recess, hollow"
HAN Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 韩 (hán)
referring to the ancient state of Han, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC in what is now Shanxi and Henan provinces.
HARDY English, French
From Old French and Middle English hardi
meaning "bold, daring, hardy"
, of Germanic origin.
Means "male deer"
. It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase
meaning "hare, rabbit"
. This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
Name for someone who lived in a house with no land, derived rom Old High German word hus
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk"
From a diminutive of HAWK
. A famous bearer was the British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-2018).
HAYES (1) English
From various English place names that were derived from Old English hæg
meaning "enclosure, fence"
. A famous bearer was American President Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893).
Name for a person who lived on a hill, from Middle English heyt
From Middle English hed
, from Old English heafod
. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
Originally belonged to a person who was a dweller on the heath or open land.
From Dutch heer "lord, master"
, a nickname for a person who acted like a lord or who worked for a lord.
HERSCHEL German, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
From a German title meaning "duke"
, a nickname for a person who either acted like a duke or worked in a duke's household.
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll
From English places by this name, derived from Old English hyll
HIRSCH (1) German
Means "deer, hart"
in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
From a nickname for a person with an oddly-shaped head, derived from Czech hlava "head"
Possibly from Spanish holgar "to rest, to enjoy oneself"
Referred to someone living by a group of holly trees, from Old English holegn
HOLME English, Scottish
Referred either to someone living by a small island (northern Middle English holm
, from Old Norse holmr
) or near a holly tree (Middle English holm
, from Old English holegn
HOLMES English, Scottish
Variant of HOLME
. A famous fictional bearer was Sherlock Holmes, a detective in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's mystery stories beginning in 1887.
Originally applied to one who lived near a river bend or corner of some natural feature, from Old English hoc "angle, hook"
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
. This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Hungarian form of HORVAT
. This is the second most common surname in Hungary and the most common surname in Slovakia, where it is borne by the descendants of Hungarian settlers.
Referred to a person who lived or worked in a house, as opposed to a smaller hut.
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill"
(of Norse origin).
From Chinese 胡 (hú)
meaning "beard, whiskers, recklessly, wildly, barbarian"
Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba "plot of land, farm"
Means "spur of a hill"
, from Old English hoh
HUMMEL (2) German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel
, Middle High German hummel
, all meaning "bee"
Originally a name for a person who lived near a thicket of trees, from Old English hyrst "thicket"
From Spanish iglesia
, from Latin ecclesia
(of Greek origin).
From Sino-Korean 林 (im)
, making it the Korean form of LIN
, or 任 (im)
of uncertain meaning, making it the Korean form of REN