Abe 1 Japanese
From Japanese 安 (a)
meaning "peace" and 倍 (be)
meaning "multiple times".
Occupational name meaning "baker"
, derived from Middle English bakere
From Middle English bark
meaning "to tan"
. This was an occupational name for a leather tanner.
Probably derived from a Middle English word meaning "strife"
, originally given to a quarrelsome person.
Variant of Black
. A famous bearer was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
Originally indicated a person from the region of Bohemia
From any of the many places in England called Bolton, derived from Old English bold
"house" and tun
Derived from the name of the city of Bradford in West Yorkshire, which meant "broad ford" in Old English. This is also the name of other smaller towns in England.
Originally denoted a person who lived near a bridge, from Old English brycg
Originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin. A notable bearer is Charlie Brown from the Peanuts
comic strip by Charles Schulz.
Butler English, Irish
Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller "wine steward"
, ultimately from Late Latin butticula
"bottle". A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel Gone with the Wind
Means "crooked nose"
from Gaelic cam
"crooked" and sròn
From a Gaelic nickname cam béul
meaning "wry or crooked mouth"
. The surname was later represented in Latin documents as de bello campo
meaning "of the fair field".
From the name of a city in northern England. The city was originally called by the Romans Luguvalium
meaning "stronghold of Lugus
". Later the Brythonic element ker
"fort" was appended to the name of the city.
From the Welsh given name Seisyll
, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius
, a derivative of Sextus
Occupational name for one who looked after the inner rooms of a mansion, from Norman French chambrelain
Occupational name derived from Old English ceapmann
meaning "merchant, trader"
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient"
and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
, from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Cunningham 1 Scottish
From the name of place in the Ayrshire district of Scotland. It possibly comes from Gaelic cuinneag
meaning "milk pail".
From the Irish Ó Dubhghaill
, which means "descendant of Dubhghall"
. A famous bearer was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), the author of the Sherlock Holmes mystery stories.
From a place name meaning "Dudda
's clearing" in Old English. The surname was borne by a British noble family.
Occupational name for a tax collector, from Middle English ferme "rent, revenue, provision"
, from Medieval Latin firma
, ultimately from Old English feorm
. This word did not acquire its modern meaning until the 17th century.
Occupational name for a fletcher, someone who attached feathers to the shaft of an arrow. It is derived from Old French fleche
Name given to someone who lived by a ford, possibly the official who maintained it. A famous bearer was the American industrialist Henry Ford (1863-1947).
Occupational name for a baker, from French fourneau
Referred to a person who was born free, or in other words was not a serf.
From a medieval given name of unknown meaning, possibly related to the Basque word hartz
meaning "bear". This is the most common surname in Spain.
Occupational name for a steward, derived from Middle English greyve
, related to the German title Graf
Descriptive name for someone who often wore the colour green or someone who lived near the village green.
Holland 1 English
From various English places of this name, derived from Old English hoh
"point of land, heel" and land
Hungarian form of Horvat
. This is the second most common surname in Hungary and the most common surname in Slovakia, where it is borne by the descendants of Hungarian settlers.
From the name of an English town, of Old English origin meaning "Inga
Means "above the well"
, from Japanese 井 (i)
meaning "well, mine shaft, pit", an unwritten possessive marker の (no)
, and 上 (ue)
meaning "above, top, upper".
Means "son of John"
. Famous bearers include American presidents Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
From Japanese 加 (ka)
meaning "add, increase" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Kaur Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur
and all males Singh
. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
in German, an occupational name for one in charge of the food and drink.
From the Irish name Ó Cinnéidigh
meaning "descendant of Cennétig"
. This surname was borne by assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
Korean form of Jin
, from Sino-Korean 金 (gim)
. This is the most popular surname in Korea.
Krüger 1 German
In northern Germany an occupational name for a tavern keeper, derived from Middle Low German kroch
Kumar Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada, Punjabi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Odia, Malayalam, Tamil
Means "boy, prince"
From Japanese 黒 (kuro)
meaning "black" and 沢, 澤 (sawa)
meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
Li 1 Chinese
From Chinese 李 (lǐ)
meaning "plum, plum tree"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
From Chinese 刘 (liú)
meaning "kill, destroy"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
Originally given to one who lived near a mill or who worked in a mill, from Middle English mille
Murray 1 Scottish
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray
meaning "seaboard settlement". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.
Norris 1 English, Scottish
Means "from the north"
from Old French norreis
. It either denoted someone who originated in the north or someone who lived in the northern part of a settlement.
Means "olive tree"
in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin oliva
. It indicated a person who lived near or worked with olive trees.
From a Spanish place name (belonging to various villages) derived from ortiga
Means "son of Orti"
, a byname deriving either from Latin fortis
meaning "brave, strong" or fortunius
Page English, French
Occupational name meaning "servant, page"
. It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδίον (paidion)
meaning "little boy".
, ultimately from Latin palma
"palm tree", since pilgrims to the Holy Land often brought back palm fronds as proof of their journey.
Park 1 Korean
From Sino-Korean 樸, 朴 (bak)
meaning "plain, unadorned, simple"
Pavlov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Pavel"
. A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Pereira Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician pereira
meaning "pear tree"
, ultimately from Latin pirum
Perry 1 English
From Old English pirige
meaning "pear tree"
, a derivative of peru
meaning "pear", itself from Latin pirum
. A famous bearer was Matthew Perry (1794-1858), the American naval officer who opened Japan to the West.
Occupational name meaning "doorkeeper"
, ultimately from Old French porte
"door", from Latin porta
Originally indicated a person who lived in a thickly wooded area, from Latin ramus
Rose 1 English, French, German, Jewish
from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
Derived from Old French ros
, from Latin russus
, a nickname for a red-haired person.
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red"
From a Norman French nickname that meant "little red one"
, perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
Santos Portuguese, Spanish
in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus
. This was a nickname for a pious person.
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark 々
) and 木 (ki)
meaning "tree, wood".
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
English nickname meaning "wild, uncouth"
, derived from Old French salvage
meaning "untamed", ultimately from Latin silvaticus
meaning "wild, from the woods".
From various northern English place names, which were derived from Old Norse skáli
"hut" and Old English feld
Silva Portuguese, Spanish
From Spanish or Portuguese silva
. This is the most common surname in Portugal and Brazil.
Means "metalworker, blacksmith"
from Old English smiþ
, related to smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
From the name of the English city of Stafford, Staffordshire, derived from Old English stæð
meaning "wharf, landing place" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
From the name of a town in Cumbria, derived from Old English stirc
"calf, young bullock" and land
From Japanese 鈴 (suzu)
meaning "bell" and 木 (ki)
meaning "tree, wood". This is the second most common surname in Japan.
in Czech. This was a medieval name for a freeman, someone who was not a serf.
Locational name that originally designated a person who came from Taranto, a city in southeastern Italy, which was originally called Τάρας (Taras)
by Greek colonists. A famous bearer of this name is the American director Quentin Tarantino (1963-).
Derived from Old French tailleur
, ultimately from Latin taliare
From any of the various places in England by this name, meaning "thorn town" in Old English.
Occupational name for one who worked with a lathe, derived from Old English turnian
"to turn", of Latin origin.
Originally denoted someone who came from one of the various Spanish towns by this name, derived from villa
"town" and nueva
Derived from Finnish virta
. This is the second most common surname in Finland.
Wade 1 English
Derived from the Old English place name wæd
meaning "a ford"
From Middle High German wagener
meaning "wagon maker, cartwright"
. This name was borne by the German composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883).
Wang 1 Chinese
From Chinese 王 (wáng)
meaning "king, monarch"
. This is the most common surname in China (and the world).
Ward 1 English
Derived from Old English weard
meaning "guard, guardian"
Weiss German, Yiddish
From Middle High German wiz
or Yiddish װייַס (vais)
. This was originally a nickname for a person with white hair or skin.
Derived from Middle English welle
meaning "well, spring, water hole"
West English, German
Denoted a person who lived to the west of something, or who came from the west.
Originally a nickname for a person who had white hair or a pale complexion, from Old English hwit "white"
Wu 1 Chinese
From Chinese 吴 (wú)
referring to the ancient state of Wu, which was located in present-day Jiangsu province.
Derived from Old English geong
. This was a descriptive name to distinguish father from son.
, derived from Czech zem
"land". A famous bearer is the soccer coach Zdeněk Zeman (1947-).
From Chinese 张 (zhāng)
meaning "stretch, extend"
. It may have denoted a bowmaker whose job it was to stretch bow wood.
From Chinese 赵 (zhào)
, which refers to an ancient city-state in what is now Shanxi province. According to legend, King Mu rewarded his chariot driver Zaofu with the city, at which time Zaofu adopted this surname. The later historic state of Zhao, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, was named after this city.... [more]
Zimmermann German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter"
, derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann