are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Occupational name for the tenant farmer of an estate belonging to a castle or fortified town, from Middle High German burc
"(fortified) town, castle" and meier
"tenant farmer" (see Meyer
Topographic name composed of the Middle High German elements burc
"castle" "protection" and halter
Burk is German for "Strong", and hardt is the "heart of a castle".
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur
‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester
Descriptive nickname from Old French burnete
‘brown’ (see Burnett
). Possibly also a reduced form of Buronet
, from a diminutive of Old French buron
BUSCEMI Italian, Sicilian
Sicilian surname of Arabic origin coming from the town Buscemi
in Syracuse province. The name possibly derives from Arab 'Abu Samah'
It's a surname in northern Italy (Piedmont). It emerges from the German spelling Bosch or Busch and this means "forest" or "wooded area".
Italian: from a short form of a compound name formed with butta- ‘throw’, as for example Buttacavoli.Italian: from an old German feminine personal name Butta.Italian: variant of Botta.
BUTTER English, German
1. English: nickname for someone with some fancied resemblance to a bittern, perhaps in the booming quality of the voice, from Middle English, Old French butor ‘bittern’ (a word of obscure etymology)... [more]
Variant spelling of Butgereit. A famous bearer is German film director and screenwriter, Jörg Buttgereit (1963-).
Occupational name for a cooper or barrel-maker, an agent derivative of Middle High German büte(n)
"cask", "wine barrel". This name occurs chiefly in eastern German-speaking regions.
Variant spelling of Cabanis
, a habitational name from any of various places in Gard named Cabanis, from Late Latin capannis ‘at the huts’, ablative plural of capanna 'hut'. This name was established in North American in the 18th century, probably by Huguenots.
CABELL Catalan, English, German
As a Catalan name, a nickname for "bald" from the Spanish word cabello
. The English name, found primarily in Norfolk and Devon, is occupational for a "maker or seller of nautical rope" that comes from a Norman French word... [more]
Derived from Italian cacciatore
meaning "hunter, huntsman", which is ultimately derived from the Italian verb cacciare
meaning "to hunt".... [more]
CADEROUSSE French, Literature
A character in the classic novel The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas. In the novel, Caderousse is a tailor and inkeeper who aids in the arrest of Dantès.
From the name of a city in France, of origin I am not sure of (anyone who knows the name's etymology edit this). This is most notably the name of the car company of the same name, named after Detroit, Michigan founder Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac.
CAINE French, English
Originally from a French derogatory nickname for someone with a bad temper.
Nickname from calcare meaning "to tread", "to stamp" + terra meaning "land", "earth", "ground", probably denoting a short person, someone who walked close to the ground, or an energetic walker.
CALLIARI Italian (Latinized, Archaic)
This is an Italian surname, in the north of Italy. Calliari is the result of the deformation of the graphically Calligari
, where you can clearly see excision of the letter or character D, which is located in the middle of the surname... [more]
Denoted to someone from Cambria, Sicily, possibly of Arabic origin.
CAMPION Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see Champion
), from the Norman French form campion
CANADA French, English
It derives from the Middle English "cane", a development of the Old French "cane", meaning cane, reed.
Italian regional surname denoting someone who lived by a canal. From the Italian canale
'canal', from the Latin canalis
meaning "canal; conduit; groove; funnel; or ditch". Alternatively, it may come the genus name of wild cinnamon, a diminutive of the Latin canna
CANNELLA Italian (Modern)
Derived from the word "Cinnamon" in Italian meaning someone who was a baker and or made cinnamon.
Name of several places in France. The surname means "Song of the Wolf" from canta and loup as in "place where the wolves howl".
From the Romansh surname prefix Ca
and the given name Peder
, which is the Scandinavian (and apparently also Romansh) form of Peter
CAPELLA Spanish, Catalan, Italian
"chapel", a topographic name for someone who lived by a chapel or a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in one.
Is a Italian origin surname from an augmentative of capo ‘head’, applied as a nickname for someone with a big head, probably in the sense ‘arrogant’ or ‘stubborn’ rather than in a strictly literal sense... [more]
From the Latin word capra
meaning "nanny goat." This was a name originally borne by shepherds / goat herders.
Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated 25 km (16 mi) north of Naples on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain. Ancient Capua was situated where Santa Maria Capua Vetere is now.... [more]
Cardillo is a surname of Sicilian origin, derived from the word cardilla
, meaning ''goldfinch''.
Habitational name from a place named Carlin in Germany.
This surname derives from a person who had worked as a "carpenter".
French (Carré): from Old French carré "square", applied as a nickname for a squat, thickset man.
French: from Old French quar(r)el ‘bolt (for a crossbow)’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of crossbow bolts or a nickname for a short, stout man. The word also meant ‘paving slab’, and so it could also have been a metonymic occupational name for a street layer... [more]
CARRERA Spanish, Italian
Spanish: topographic name for someone living by a main road, carrera
‘thoroughfare’, originally a road passable by vehicles as well as pedestrians (Late Latin carraria
(via), a derivative of carrum
‘cart’), or a habitational name from any of various places named with this word.... [more]
CARTIER French, Norman
Original Norman French form of Carter
. A notable bearer was Breton-French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who is known for discovering the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
CARVILLE French, Irish
As a French location name it comes from a settlement in Normandy. As an Irish name it derives from a word for "warrior".
CASAGRANDE Spanish, Italian
From the Spanish & Italian words casa
meaning "house" and grande
meaning "big"; literally means "big house".
CASANOVA Catalan, Italian
Catalan and Italian: topographic name from Latin casa
‘house’ + nova
‘new’, or a habitational name from any of the many places named with these words.
From casa "house" (Latin casa "hut, cottage, cabin"), perhaps originally denoting the occupier of the most distinguished house in a village. Italian chef Cesare Casella (1960 - ) is one such bearer of this name.
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault
CASSEL English, French, German
A surname derived from the Latin military term castellum
"watchtower, fort". A variant spelling of the word castle. Denoted someone hailing from the commune of Cassel in the Nord départment in northern France or the city of Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) in Germany... [more]
A Regional name for someone from Castile in Spain. Castile was an independent kingdom between the 10th and 15th centuries, it formed the largest power in the Iberian peninsula. The name derives from the many castles in the region.
CASTIGLIONE Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio
) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
Habitational name from Castrogiovanni
, the name until 1927 of Enna in central Sicily.
Derived from the name of the Roman republican statesman Cato, used as a nickname.
CAVA Italian, Catalan, Spanish, Portugese
‘cave’, ‘cellar’ (from Latin cavea
), hence a metonymic occupational name for someone employed in the wine cellars of a great house, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a cave, or a habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word.
Means "riding" in Italian. An occupational surname for people who worked with horses.
CAVE Norman, French, English
A name of various possible origins. As a Norman French name Cave can mean "bald" from cauf
or it can mean "worker in a wine cellar" or "one who dwelt in or near a cave". As an English name Cave refers to a Yorkshire river whose fast current inspired the name meaning "swift".
Means "a hundred soldiers on foot" in Italian, derived from Italian cento
meaning "(a) hundred" and Italian fanti
, which is the plural form of fante
meaning "soldier, infantryman"... [more]
Means "cherry-colored." Appears as a word in many Italian dictionaries, but may have origins in the Greek period of Naples, where it seems to have originated. There are at least two villages found with the name, the most notable being near Monte Cassino, where many Japanese-American soldiers won Medals of Honor or other awards for heroism during WW II... [more]
From chabot ‘bull-head’, a species of fish with a large head, hence a nickname for someone with a big head and a small body.
CHALLONER French, Welsh
Derived from a town in France of the same name. This family derive their origin from Macloy Crum, of the line of chiefs in Wales, who resided several years in Challoner.
Name given to those who live in or around fields. Known barrer of the name is Samuel de Champlain who founded Quebec, Canada and after whom the lake is named.
CHAPIN French, Spanish
From a reduced form of French eschapin
or Spanish chapín
, a term for a light (woman's) shoe; perhaps a nickname for someone who habitually wore this type of footwear or possibly a metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker.
Middle English and Old French for one associated with or living near a chapel.
Of unknown meaning. It was used as a given name in honour of American actress and dancer Cyd Charisse (1921-2008).
Topographic name for someone who lived in or by a house, probably the occupier of the most distinguished house in the village, from a southern derivative of Latin casa
"hut, cottage, cabin".
Derived from Olde French castanh
meaning "chestnut". Possibly a location or occupation name.
French surname which indicated one who lived in an oak wood or near a conspicuous oak tree, derived from Old French chesne
"oak" (Late Latin caxinus
). In some cases it may be from a Louisiana dialectical term referring to "an area of shrub oak growing in sandy soil" (i.e., "beach ridge, usually composed of sand-sized material resting on clay or mud... [more]
comes from the italian word chiara
meaning "clear" and the the word monte
meaning "mountain", possibly denoting someone who lived by clear mountians, hills, etc.
Surname of Italian surrealist artist, Giorgio de Chirico
French and English: nickname for a heavy drinker, from Old French chopine, a large liquid measure (from Middle Low German schopen "ladle"). The derived Old French verb chopiner has the sense 'to tipple’, ‘to drink to excess’... [more]
Altered spelling of French Choquet, a Picard form of Old French soquet, which was the term for a tax on wines and foodstuffs, hence a metonymic occupational name for a collector of such taxes.
From the Latin personal name Christus
"Christ" (see Christian
). The name Christ
) is from Greek Khristos
, a derivative of khriein
"to anoint", a calque of Hebrew mashiach
"Messiah", which likewise means literally "the anointed".
From the Greek Χρύσανθος
), meaning "golden flower". This surname was first given to children found on October 25, the feast day of Saint Chrysanthos
CHRYSLER German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl
meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
The surname Cianci is a name for a person of small financial means. The surname Cianfari is derived from the Italian words cianfrone and cianferone, which referred to a type of medieval coin.
From the Italian cicero
"pea," "chickpea," or "lentil."
Uncommon name originating in Italy. Legend says that it was used for the offspring of a king and one of his maids. Meaning is most likely something like "little nothing".
from "Cima" Top, and "Rosa" A rose or the Color Pink. A famous Bearer of this surname is the Italian composer Domenico Cimarosa(1749-1801).
Occupational name for a spice dealer, from cimino
"cumin", Sicilian ciminu
The name Claassen means "son of Klaus." It's primarily German, but it's also Dutch and Danish.
Metonymic occupational name for a nail maker, ultimately from Latin clavellus
"nail", but in some cases possibly from the same word in the sense "smallpox, rash". A fictional bearer is Miss Clavel, a nun and teacher in Ludwig Bemelmans's 'Madeline' series of children's books (introduced in 1939).
The first documented records of the surname Clavell appear in Catalunya between 1291 and 1327. The word clavell traces back to the Indo-European words "kleu", later "klawo" meaning a metal tool. In Latin "clavus", it eventually became a surname "Clavell".
Derived from the French given name Clément. A famous bearer was Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929), a French politician who was the 54th Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald
, composed of the elements hlod
"famous, clear" and wald
"rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Coache, from the Norman and Picard term for a damson, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of plums.
"gourd", "pumpkin", applied either as an occupational name for a grower or seller of gourds or a nickname for a rotund individual.
From the personal name Colo, a short form of Nicolo (see Nicholas). (Colò) nickname from medieval Greek kolos ‘lame’, classical Greek kylos.
COMMANDER Anglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander
and also from Old French comandeor
, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
Italian: from the title of rank conte ‘count’ (from Latin comes, genitive comitis ‘companion’). Probably in this sense (and the Late Latin sense of ‘traveling companion’), it was a medieval personal name; as a title it was no doubt applied ironically as a nickname for someone with airs and graces or simply for someone who worked in the service of a count.
Americanized spelling, probably originally spelled Kopenhaver or Koppenhaver. Means "owner of a hill".
Coppola is an occupational name for someone who makes 'coppolas', which are a type of hat. The word 'coppola' literally means 'hat' in Neapolitan dialect. The name also could have been for someone who frequently wore a coppola too.... [more]
From the given name Corda
(a short form of Accord(i)o, literally "agreement") + the suffix -asco
Either from the French word corde
meaning "cord/rope/string", or from the Latin word cor
meaning "heart." This was the surname of Charlotte Corday, the assassin who killed Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French revolution.
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier
, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
Topographic name from the Calabrian dialect word c(u)oscu
"oak", also "wood".
COSSART English, French
From French, referring to "a dealer of horses" (related to the English word "courser"). This surname was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and became one of the many Anglo-Norman words that made up Middle English.
COSTELLO Irish, Italian
Costello (Irish: Mac Coisdealbha) is a common Irish surname originating in County Mayo. The surname derives from Jocelyn de Angulo (fl.1172), an Anglo-Norman knight.... [more]
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
COTTRELL English, French
First found in Derbyshire where the family "Cottrell" held a family seat and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege lord for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings, 1066CE... [more]
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella
, which was formed from the Latin word cohors
, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella
COURT English, French, Irish
A topographic name from Middle English, Old French court(e)
, meaning ‘court’. This word was used primarily with reference to the residence of the lord of a manor, and the surname is usually an occupational name for someone employed at a manorial court.... [more]
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
CRABB English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba
‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe
‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
CRAUWELS Flemish, Dutch, German
Derrives from the Middle Dutch (medieval Dutch) word "crauwel" and Middle High German word "kröuwel" which means "flesh hook", "curved fork" or "trident". The word is no longer used. The first person with this name was most likely a farmer, butcher or a person that runned an inn or a hostel that was named after this tool.
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
Probably from a shortened form of Cuosëmo
, a Neapolitan variant of the Italian male personal name Cosimo
Occupational name for a farm hand, from Old French éscuerie
CUSTER German (Anglicized)
Anglicization of the German surname Köster
, literally "sexton". A famous bearer was George Custer (1839-1876), the American cavalry general. General Custer and his army were defeated and killed by Sioux and Cheyenne forces under Sitting Bull in the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876; also known colloquially as Custer's Last Stand).
Means "of Abbeville" Abbeville is a commune in France. Takes its name from Latin Abbatis Villa meaning "Abbot's Village".
Eastern German: from a pet form of the Slavic personal names Dalibor
, which are both derived from dal-
DAHMER German, Danish
A northern German or Danish habitual name for someone from one of the many places named Dahme in Brandenburg, Holstein, Mecklenburg, or Silesia. A famous bearer of this name was Jeffrey Dahmer, serial killer (1960 - 1993).