are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
German family name originating from the town of Quetz (today Quetzdölsdorf).... [more]
QUINTO Aragonese, Spanish, Catalan, Italian
Habitational surname for a person from a place called Quinto, for example in Zaragoza province. However, the high concentration of the surname in Alacant province suggests that, in some cases at least, it may derive from the personal name QUINTO
(from Latin QUINTUS
denoting the fifth-born child or Catalan quinto
"young soldier").... [more]
Derived from German rabe
"raven". As a surname, it was given to a person with black hair.
Habitational name from any of numerous places called Rabenstein.
Variation of Rademacher, meaning "maker of wheels" in German ("rat" meaning wheel), later shortened to Rader and other variations such as Redder, Raeder, Redler, etc.
Occupational name, which was derived from the kind of work done by the original bearer. It is a name for a wheelmaker or wheelwright. The name stems from the German noun rat, meaning wheel. The origin is more clear in the variant RADEMACHER
Altered spelling of Ravensburger
, a habitational name for someone from Ravensburg in Württemberg, but there are a number of similar surnames, for example Raffenberg, a farm name near Hamm, and Raffsberger.
Habitational name from Ragusa in Sicily, or from the ancient city of Dubrovnik on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia (Italian name Ragusa).
Nickname for a rough individual, from a North German variant of Rauh
RAISCH German, German (Swiss)
From Middle High German rīsch, rūsch ‘reed’, ‘rush’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived near a reed bed, or perhaps a metonymic occupational name for someone who used or harvested reeds... [more]
Occupational name for a taxman or accountant, from an agent derivative of Middle High German reiten ‘to reckon’, ‘to calculate’.
RAMAGE French, Scottish
From a medieval Scottish nickname for a hot-tempered or unpredictable person (from Old French ramage
"wild, uncontrollable" (applied to birds of prey)).
RAMP German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German: variant of Rampf, from Middle High German ramft, ranft ‘edge’, ‘wall’, ‘crust (of bread)’; applied as a topographic name for someone who lived at the limit or outer edge of some feature, for example a field, or possibly, in the sense ‘crust’, a nickname for a poor person.
Habitational name from a place in Catania called Randazzo. Possibly from a derivative of the personal name Rando.
RANDEL French, German
French: from a pet form of the Germanic personal name RANDO
, a short form of various compound names formed with rand
‘(shield) rim’ as the first element... [more]
RANDOLPH English, German
Classicized spelling of Randolf
, a Germanic personal name composed of the elements rand
"rim (of a shield), shield" and wolf
"wolf". This was introduced into England by Scandinavian settlers in the Old Norse form Rannúlfr
, and was reinforced after the Norman Conquest by the Norman form Randolf
RANGE German, French
German: nickname for a ragamuffin, from Middle High German range
‘naughty boy’, ‘urchin’.... [more]
RANGER English, German, French
English: occupational name for a gamekeeper or warden, from Middle English ranger
, an agent derivative of range
(n) ‘to arrange or dispose’.... [more]
RAPPA Italian, Sicilian
from Sicilian rappa
meaning ‘bunch, cluster’ or Italian rappa
meaning ‘lock, quiff’, which was presumably applied as a nickname with reference to someone’s hair.
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements rad
"counsel", "advice" + bald
RATHER German, Jewish
1. Occupational name for a counsellor or nickname for a wise person, from Middle High German rater ‘adviser’. ... [more]
From Middle High German ratgebe
or Middle Low German ratgever
"giver of advice, counselor", an occupational name for an adviser or wise man.
Nickname for a ruffian, earlier for a hairy person, from Middle High German ruch
"hairy", "shaggy", "rough".
From a local variant of the personal name Rao, an old form of RALPH
RÄUBER German, German (Swiss)
German, Swiss German: derogatory nickname, from Middle High German roubære
‘robber’, ‘bandit’, ‘highwayman’ (from roub
Perhaps an occupational nickname for a blacksmith or charcoal burner, from Middle High German rouch
, German Rauch
‘smoke’, or, in the case of the German name, a status name or nickname relating to a hearth tax (i.e. a tax that was calculated according to the number of fireplaces in each individual home).
RAVENEL English, French
Habitational name from Ravenel in Oise or a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of horseradish, from a diminutive of Old French ravene
‘horseradish’ (Latin raphanus
RAYMOND English, French
From the Norman personal name Raimund
, composed of the Germanic elements ragin
"advice, counsel" and mund
This can derive from several different sources: southern French réal
"royal", a word which was applied to someone either as a nickname (presumably given to people perceived as being regal) or as an occupational name (given to a person in the service of the king); or the French place name Réal
, in which case this is a habitational name taken from any of various places which were named for having been part of a royal domain (also compare Reau
From reale "royal", either an occupational name for someone in the service of a king or a nickname for someone who behaved in a regal manner.
Probably a habitational name from a place so named in the Rhineland.
RECHT German, Jewish
Nickname for an upright person, from Middle High German reht
, German recht
"straight". As a Jewish name it is mainly of ornamental origin.
Nickname from Middle High German recke ‘outlaw’ or ‘fighter’. North German and Westphalian: from Middle Low German recke ‘marsh’, ‘waterlogged ground’, hence a topographic name, or a habitational name from a place named with this term.
German: possibly a variant of REDMER
, or an occupational name for a spokesman, Middle High German rednære.
REICH German, Jewish
Nickname for a wealthy or powerful man, from Middle High German rīch
"of noble descent, powerful, rich", German reich
From a short form of a personal name containing the Old High German element rīhhi
Habitational name from places named Reichstein (in Saxony) or Reichenstein (in Rhineland, Schleswig-Holstein, and Württemberg).
From a pet form of a Germanic personal name formed with a first element from ragin 'advice', 'counsel' or ric 'power(ful)', 'rich'.
From a Germanic personal name, a reduced form of Reinmar, composed of the elements ragin
"counsel" + mari
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ragin
"counsel" + bald
Comes from a personal name Raginhard, composed of the elements ragin, meaning counsel, with hard, hardy, brave, strong.
Reinking is a German-derived surname meaning "one who is neat and tidy"
REISER German, Upper German
Habitational name for someone from Reis or Reissen in Bavaria (see REIS
). An occupational name from Middle High German reisære
‘warrior’, ‘traveler’... [more]
A habitational name for someone from a place called Reisen (for example in Bavaria), Reissen in Thuringia, or Reussen on the Saale river. A variant of REISER
Also from an agent derivative of Middle High German, Middle Low German rise
‘veil’; perhaps an occupational name for someone who made veils.
Famous bearer: Actress and Scientology critic Leah Remini.
RENGEL German (Swiss)
From a pet form of a Germanic personal name formed with rang
"curved", "bending"; "slender".
REPASS German (Swiss)
An Americanization of the Swiss RIPPAS
. The first recorded person with this surname was from Ziefen, Switzerland.
Variant of Ricward
, from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ric
‘power(ful)’ + ward
From an Italian nickname derived from the dialectal word restivu meaning "uncommunicative, reserved".
REUS Dutch, German, Catalan
Dutch: nickname for a big man, from Middle Dutch reuse(n) 'giant'. German: topographic name from Middle High German riuse 'fish trap' (Middle Low German ruse) or from a regional term reuse 'small stream', 'channel'... [more]
REUSSER Swiss, German, Upper German
In Switzerland, an occupational name for a fisherman or maker of fish traps, from an agent derivative of Middle High German riuse
‘fish trap’, ‘weir basket’. A nickname from an agent noun based on Middle High German riusen
‘to moan or complain’... [more]
May be a variant of the German surname REISNER
, a habitational name for someone from a place called Reisen (for example in Bavaria), Reissen in Thuringia, or Reussen on the Saale river.
From the German name for the River Rhine, denoting somebody whom lived within close proximity to the river. The river name itself comes from a Celtic word meaning 'to flow' (Welsh redan
, 'run, flow').
RHINE German, French, English, Irish
A habitational name for an individual whom lived within close proximity of the River Rhine (see RHEIN
). The river name is derived from a Celtic word meaning 'to flow' (Welsh redan
, 'flow').... [more]
RHOTON German, French
Rhoton is a German and French surname from the 1800s. Some people believe that it is derived from the French word for red, but the origin is overall unknown. The name represents strength and power.
RICHERS English, German
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ric
‘power(ful)’ + hari
‘army’. The name was introduced into England by the Normans in the form Richier
, but was largely absorbed by the much more common RICHARD
Patronymic form of Rickel or possibly Richel. May have been derived from any of a number of Old German personal names including Richild (or the feminine form Richeldis) or Richold.
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names composed with rīc
A habitational name for someone from a place named Riding or Rieding. It is also possibly an altered spelling of Reitinger
, a topographic name from Reit(e)
, which means ‘clearing’ (Old High German riuti
South German: from a pet form of the personal name Ru(o)diger, a compound of Old High German hrod ‘renown’ + ger ‘spear’, ‘lance’ (see Roger). ... [more]
From Middle High German rigel
"bar, crossbeam, mountain incline", hence a topographic name or a habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word in Baden, Brandenburg, and Silesia; in some instances it may have been a metonymic occupational name for a maker of crossbars, locks, etc.
"reed" -- a tall, slender-leaved plant of the grass family that grows in water or on marshy ground.
Probably a metonymic occupational name for a cattle dealer or butcher, from Middle High German rint meaning "cow".
Comes from Germanic
ring "ring" or "assembly" and wald "rule"
RITSCHEL German, History
Derived from Old High German hruod
"fame". This was the maiden name of Magda Goebbels who was the wife of Paul Joseph Goebbels. Her husband was Nazi Germany's propaganda minister between the years 1933 and 1945... [more]
From a short form of the personal name Rizo
, itself derived in part from RICHARD
and in part from Heinrich
RIVETT English, French
English (East Anglia): metonymic occupational name for a metalworker, from Middle English, Old French rivet
‘small nail or bolt’ (from Old French river
‘to fix or secure’, of unknown origin).... [more]
given to a person who resided near a hill, stream, church, or tree
ROASCIO Italian (Rare)
Derived from Roascio
, the name of a municipality in the province of Cuneo in the Piedmont region of Italy. The meaning of the municipality's name is uncertain, but since it is located in Piedmont and known as Roass
in the Piedmontese language, the etymological origin of the name is most likely Piedmontese... [more]
This surname originates from the Piedmont region of Italy. It is most likely derived from Roasio
, which is the name of a municipality in that same region. The meaning of the municipality's name is uncertain, but since it is located in Piedmont and known as Roaso
in the Piedmontese language, the etymological origin of the name is most likely Piedmontese... [more]
ROBBEN French, Dutch
It is a French surname that was originally derived from the Germanic name ROBERT
, which is composed of the elements hrod, meaning famous, and berht, meaning bright.
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Robinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name ROBIN
From French roche
, meaning "rock'. It indicates a person who worked at a quarry.
Means "from Rockenfeld." Some famous bearers include founder of the Standard Oil Company and philanthropist John Davison Rockefeller (1839-1937), and 41st Vice President of the U.S.A. Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (1908-1979).
From the French "la roche," or "of the rock." Some family histories trace this back to French Hugenots (sp) who immigrated to England in the 1500's from the Normandy region of France.
Possibly a habitational name for someone from Rockau in Thuringia.
Habitational name from Rodia, a locality in Messina, Sicily.
From the Germanic personal name RUOM
(Old High German hruom
‘fame’), a short form of RUOMBALD
and similar personal names containing this element.
ROHR German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived in an area thickly grown with reeds, from Middle High German ror
. Also a habitational name from one of the several places named with this word.
ROHRBACH German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German: habitational name from any of numerous places called Rohrbach (‘reed brook’ or ‘channel brook’) in many parts of Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. It is a common surname in Pennsylvania.
ROLAND French, German, Scottish
French, German, English, and Scottish: from a Germanic personal name composed hrod
‘renown’ + -nand
‘bold’, assimilated to -lant
‘land’. (Compare ROWLAND
English: Composed of the Germanic elements hrod
‘renown’ + wulf
‘wolf’. This name was especially popular among Nordic peoples in the contracted form HRÓLFR
and seems to have reached England by two separate channels; partly through its use among pre-Conquest Scandinavian settlers, partly through its popularity among the Normans, who, however, generally used the form ROU
This surname means "son of ROLF
," a patronymic surname from northern Germany.
ROMAN Catalan, French, Polish, English, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Ukrainian, Belarusian
From the Latin personal name ROMANUS
, which originally meant "Roman". This name was borne by several saints, including a 7th-century bishop of Rouen.
ROMMEL Upper German, Dutch
Nickname for an obstreperous person, from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch rummeln
to make a noise, create a disturbance (of imitative origin). Variant of RUMMEL
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) who discovered and studied x-rays. Röntgen called the radiation "X" because it was an unknown type of radiation... [more]
ROOS Estonian, Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German (Swiss), Low German
Means "rose" in Estonian and Dutch. Swedish and Danish variant of ROS
, also meaning "rose". This could be a locational name for someone living near roses, an occupational name for someone who grew roses, or a nickname for someone with reddish skin.
Habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a rosebush, Middle High German rōsenboum
ROSENTHAL German, Jewish
name for any of numerous places named rosenthal or rosendahl. means " rose valley"
German: topographic name for "someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew" (see Rose 1), with the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.German (Röser): habitational name from places called Rös, Roes, or Rösa in Bavaria, Rhineland, and Saxony, or a variant of Rosser.Swiss German (Röser): from a short form of a Germanic personal name based on hrod "renown".English: "unexplained".
French for "rose tree" or "rose bush". A common surname in Francophone areas. It is also the name of a fallen angel who was considered the patron demon of tainted love and seduction.
According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosemary and Latin dictonaries the name Rosmarin derives from the Latin words 'ros' ('dew' or 'tear') and 'marin' ('sea')... [more]
ROSSEAU French, American
Variant spelling of ROUSSEAU
. Comes from the Old French word rous
meaning "red", likely a nickname for someone with red hair or a particularly rosy complexion.
From a nickname for a red-haired person, from Middle High German rost
A metonymic occupational name for a limeburner or blacksmith, from Middle High German, Middle Low German rōst
meaning ‘grate, grill’ or Middle High German rōst(e)
meaning ‘fire, embers, pyre, grate’ (typically one for burning lime).
The original spelling of the name is Roßhart. Roß means "horse" and hart means "hard" in German. The name was changed when the family immigrated to the United States in the 1850's. Some took on the name "Rosshart", and some "Roszhart" as the ß has the "sss" sound.
From the elements rot "red" and berg "mountain" meaning "red mountain".
Middle High German rot "red" + vuoz "foot", a nickname for someone who followed the fashion for shoes made from a type of fine reddish leather. Or a variant of Rotfuchs
, from the Middle Low German form fos "fox", a nickname for a clever person.
As far as I've researched the name dates back to a man by the name of Count Palatine Kuno von Rott (~1083). After he got land from the Pfalzfrafs which seem to be a nobile family line.... [more]
Modernization of Rotscheidt, also a city in Germany (Rottscheidt) bearing another modern alternate spelling. When broken down it ultimately means "red" and "piece of wood", implying that the families of today descends from woodwrokers.
Nickname for someone with a ruddy complexion.
Diminutive of Rouge
, a nickname for someone with a ruddy complexion.
This surname was originally used as a derogative nickname for an unscrupulous individual, from Middle Low German rover
meaning "pirate, robber."
ROVER English, German (Anglicized)
This surname is derived from Middle English roof
(from Old English hrof
) combined with the agent suffix (i)er
, which denotes someone who does/works with something. Thus, the surname was originally used for a constructor or repairer of roofs.... [more]
Beautiful flower from France brought over by an immigrant named Page Rozelle. People said when she said something nice or touched you, good luck would come to you.
Patronymic from the personal name Ruccio
, from a short form of various pet names formed with this suffix, as for example Gasparuccio (from Gaspari) or Baldassaruccio (from Baldasare).
RUCH German (Swiss)
It was originally a nickname for a greedy person, from Middle High German ruoch ‘eager,’ ‘intent.’... [more]
Middle High German: nickname rucken
"to move or draw". North German: nickname from Middle Low German rucker "thief", "greedy or acquisitive person". German: from a reduced form of the Germanic personal name RUDIGER
From a Germanic personal name based on hrok
"intent", "eager" (Old High German ruoh
From a personal name composed of Old High German hrōd
"renown" and wolf
"wolf", equivalent to English RALPH
. This name is also found in Slovenia.
The name was likely first bestowed on someone thought to have the characteristics of a heron as a nickname, eventually becoming a hereditary surname.
A last name common in Mexico which is believed to have derived from the French word ruelle (or Portuguese word ruela) meaning lane or alley.
Nickname from Middle High German ruowe
‘quiet’, ‘calm’ or Low German rug
‘rough’, ‘crude’.... [more]
A variant of the Alsacian German (and probably Swiss before that) Ruch. Also a variant of the Danish Rügh (not related as far as is known)
Variant of RUGE
) is also a nickname from Rüde
‘hound.’ Habitational name from places named Rühen, Rüden, Rhüden in northern Germany.
Name given to a person who lived near the Ruhr River in Germany.
It is derived from Rumbald, an Old German personal name.
This name is possibly a derivative of the German
word for "envelope" which is spelled 'Umschlag'.
From the old word "runga", meaning stick or whip
Means "wheel" in Italian. This meant that a bearer of this surname was a wheel maker.
Meaning "shaggy," "bristly," "unkempt," or "quick."
Americanized version of the German surname Rüscher or Roshcer. Either a topographic name for someone who lived among rushes or an occupational name for someone who created things out of rushes.
RUTH English, German (Swiss)
English: from Middle English reuthe ‘pity’ (a derivative of rewen to pity, Old English hreowan) nickname for a charitable person or for a pitiable one. Not related to the given name in this case.... [more]
RYDÉN German, Swedish
Can come from the island Rügen in Germany. Bengt Rydén was the cheif editor at a Swedish magazine called Veckans Affärer.