are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme
(Middle High German schram(me)
) and Yiddish shram
, all of which mean "scar".
Some think that the last name Schrock comes from the German word which meant something along the lines of "Jump" or "Leaps" and was probably a nickname to someone who was a great jumper, or someone who was easily startled.
The surname Schueler was first found in southern Germany, where the name was closely identified in early mediaeval times with the feudal society which would become prominent throughout European history.
Occupational name for a shoemaker’s assistant, from Middle High German schuoch meaning "shoe" + knecht meaning "journeyman", "assistant".
Possibly a habitational name from Schüller in the Eifel.
Occupational surname for an archer or a watchman (from Middle High German schützen
"to guard or protect"). Also a habitational name from Schutz, a place near Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The surname of German VfB Stuttgart footballer Daniel Schwaab, born in Waldkirch, Germany.
SCHWAB German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): regional name for someone from Swabia (German Schwaben), from Middle High German Swap, German Schwabe ‘Swabian’. The region takes its name from a Germanic tribe recorded from the 1st century BC in the Latin form Suebi or Suevi, of uncertain origin; it was an independent duchy from the 10th century until 1313, when the territory was broken up.
Habitational name from any of several places so named, for example near Lübeck and near Anklam.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a forest clearing, from Middle High German swant
"to thin out", "make disappear", causative from swinden
"to disappear" modern German schwinden
Habitational name from any of the various places called Schwand
, all in southern Germany, named with this element, from Middle High German swant
"to thin out", "make disappear", causative from swinden
"to disappear" modern German schwinden
Derives from an agent derivative of the German "schweigen", to be silent, and the nickname would have been given to a silent, quiet, taciturn person.
Ethnic name for a Swiss, from German Schweitz meaning "Swiss".
Occupational name for someone whose job was to swingle flax, i.e. to beat the flax with a swingle in order to remove the woody parts of the plant prior to spinning, from Middle German swingen meaning "to swing" or swing meaning "swingle".
Possibly deriving from Italian words scorno
meaning shame, and vacca
meaning cow. Sicilian variant of Scornavacca
SEBERT German, French
From a German personal name composed of the elements sigi meaning "victory" + berht meaning "bright", "famous".
From Italian sei
"six" + dita
, plural of dito
"finger", hence a nickname either for someone having six fingers or metaphorically for someone who was very dextrous.
SEE English, German
Topographic name for someone who lived by the sea-shore or beside a lake, from Middle English see meaning "sea", "lake" (Old English sǣ), Middle High German sē. Alternatively, the English name may denote someone who lived by a watercourse, from an Old English sēoh meaning "watercourse", "drain".
Comes from a Germanic personal name, Sigizo, from a compound name formed with sigi ‘victory’ as the first element.
SEGALE English, Italian
Respelling of SEGAL
. A famous bearer is Mario A. Segale, the inspiration for Nintendo's video game character Mario
Short form of SEIBOLD
. Ultimately derived from names composed of the Germanic name element sigi
From the Germanic given name Sito
, a short form of a compound name formed with sigi
SEIDE German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German side, German Seide ‘silk’ (from Late Latin seta, originally denoting animal hair), hence a metonymic occupational name for a manufacturer or seller of silk.
Originating in the region of Saxony. Name of a silk merchant, from the German word for silk: seide
German and Jewish occupational surname for a rope maker.
SEIM Upper German
German: metonymic occupational name for a beekeeper, from Middle High German seim ‘honey’.
SEINFELD German, Jewish
From the German word sein
"to be" and the word of German Jewish origin feld
which means "field". It was a name given to areas of land that had been cleared of forest.
Teutonic name meaning "hall master" for a steward or keeper of a large home or settlement.
SELVA Catalan, Italian
From any of various places in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, or northern Italy named Selva, as for instance the Catalan district La Selva, from selva
"wood", Latin silva
The Selz is a river in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, and a left hand tributary of the Rhine. It flows through the largest German wine region, Rheinhessen or Rhenish Hesse. Also, Seltz (German: Selz) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department of the Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine region in north-eastern France.... [more]
1. Topographic name for someone who lived by land cleared by fire, from Middle High German sengen ‘to singe or burn’. ... [more]
Derived from the Middle High German word senne
meaning "dairy farmer".
A topographic name formed with an unexplained first element + Middle High German bach ‘creek’. Pretty common in Iowa and Pennsylvania.
SEWINA German, Polish
The first available record of the Sewina family name is around 1620 in the province of Silesia, a mixed cultural region between Germany and Poland. Once part of the Prussian Empire and Germany. After World War Two, the area is now part of Poland... [more]
Occupational name for a scrap-metal merchant, from a derivative of Sferro in the sense ‘old and broken iron’. Habitational name from the district of Paternò in Catania, Sicily.
From the Italian word forza
, meaning "strength". It was the surname of a noble family in Italy during the 14th century. A notable member of that family was Caterina Sforza (1463-1509), a Countess of Forli.
SHADE English, German, Dutch, Scottish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a boundary, from Old English scead
‘boundary’.nickname for a very thin man, from Middle English schade
‘shadow’, ‘wraith’.... [more]
SHATNER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Schattner
. A notable bearer was Canadian actor William Shatner (1931-), who is known for his roles as Captain James T. Kirk in 'Star Trek', T.J. Hooker in 'T.J. Hooker', Denny Crane in 'Boston Legal', and the Priceline Negotiator in Priceline.com commercials.
This surname is related to the German surname Schroder which means cut as in a wood cutter etc.
The roots of the German surname Sieber can be traced to the Old Germanic word "Siebmacher," meaning "sieve maker." The surname is occupational in origin, and was most likely originally borne by someone who held this position
German. People known with this name are: Emelia Siebern, Hannah Siebern, Caleb Siebern.
The name is originally spelled "Siecke". Eric Siecke came from Norway and settled in Holstein, Germany in the year 1307. The final "e" was dropped by most of the family, though one branch still retains it... [more]
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements sigi
"victory" and fridu
"peace". The German surname has also occasionally been adopted by Ashkenazic Jews.
SILBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German "silber," meaning "silver." Metonymic occupational name for a silversmith, or often, in the case of the Jewish surname, an ornamental name.
SILBERSTEIN German, Jewish
From Middle High German silber
"silver" and stein
"stone"; a habitational name from a place so named in Bavaria, or a topographic name.... [more]
Means "Little Tree" or "Little Woods." Derived from the given name SILVESTER.
Originates from the German prefix sim
meaning "of the head" and the German word becka
meaning "bull". When combined in this order, the meaning was "bull-headed", meaning stubborn and obstinant.
The name Simonetti originated from the personal name Simon, itself a derivative of the Hebrew name "Sim'on," from the verb "sama" meaning "to listen." Thus, the name Simonetti means "God has listened," referring to the gratitude of the parents who, having wished for a child, had their prayers answered.... [more]
Comes from a personal name in Sicily and souther Calabria. The name was apparently in origin a nickname from Latin senator member of the Roman senate, Latin senatus, a derivative of senex ‘old’... [more]
Perhaps a habitational name from a comune (municipality) in Northern Italy.
SKELTON English, German, Norwegian (Rare)
Habitational name from places in Cumbria and Yorkshire, England, originally named with the same elements as Shelton
, but with a later change of ‘s’ to ‘sk’ under Scandinavian influence.
German surname meaning mercenary. German spelling has umlaut over the O, but American spelling is Soldner or Soeldner.
"higher, situated above", a topographic name for someone who lived at the top end of a place on a hillside.
SORDINO Italian (Rare), Literature
Derived from Italian sordino
, referring to a mute for musical instruments. It is ultimately from Italian sordo
"deaf" or "muffled (sound), silent, hidden, voiceless". American author Laurie Halse Anderson uses this for her novel Speak
(1999), on high school rape victim Melinda
Southern Italian: nickname from sottile ‘delicate’, ‘refined’, also ‘lean’, ‘thin’ (from Latin subtilis ‘small’, ‘slender’).
Metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker, from Old French soulier
‘shoe’, ‘sandal’.... [more]
Translation of the French surname Souverain
which is derived from Old French souverain
meaning "high place".
French surname (Alexis Benoist Soyer is a famous bearer).
Variant form of Spatafora
. Spadafora is the younger out of the two surnames and yet the most common of the two, which might partly be because it is a little bit more italianized. After all, spada
is the modern Italian word for "sword", which indicates that Spadafora is 'closer' to Italian than Spatafora, which is closer to the original Greek origin instead (as the first element of the surname is derived from Greek spathe
meaning "blade, sword").... [more]
Spangler is an occupational surname for "metal worker" having derived from the German word spange
, meaning a clasp or buckle of the sort such a craftsman might have designed.
This surname originates from the Italian island of Sicily, where it was first borne by a noble family of Byzantine origin, which had settled on the island in the 11th century AD. Their surname was derived from the Greek noun σπάθη (spathe)
"blade, sword" (akin to Latin spatha
"broad sword with a double edge") combined with Greek φορεω (phoreo)
"to carry, to bear", which gives the surname the meaning of "he who carries the sword" or "sword-bearer"... [more]
Was originally "Spach," was changed when first introduced into America
Variant of Specker
as well as a locational surname from one of various places called Speck, Specke and Specken in northern Germany and Spöck in southern Germany, as well as an occupational surname derived from German Speck
"bacon" denoting a butcher who sepcialized in the production of bacon, as well as a derisive nickname for a corpulent person.
Occupational surname literally meaning “metal worker” or “tin knocker”.
Means "spice, drug" in Italian. It was used to denote someone who worked as a spicer or apothecary.
SPIEGEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" (via Old High German from Latin speculum
, a derivative of specere
SPIEGLER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" and the agent suffix -er
SPIELBERG Jewish, German
From Old High German spiegel
"lookout point" or German Spiel
"game, play" and berg
"mountain". Locational surname after a town in Austria. A famous bearer is American director Steven Spielberg (1946-present).
While it translates to the plural of "spy" in English, Spies is a semi-common name found throughout Germany and the surrounding nations. This surname is also popular throughout states with a high German population.
SPINDLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spindle maker, from an agent derivative of Middle English spindle
, Middle High German spindel
, German Spindel
, Yiddish shpindl
Italian (Liguria) diminutive of Spina
. Italian topographic name for someone living by Monte Spinola in the province of Pavia.
Occupational name for a maker of spurs, from Middle High German spor ‘spur’, or a topographic name, from Middle High German spor ‘spoor’, ‘animal tracks’.... [more]
From Middle High German sprinc
, Middle Low German sprink
"spring, well", hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a spring or well, or habitational name from Springe near Hannover.
SPRINGER German, English, Dutch, Jewish
Nickname for a lively person or for a traveling entertainer. It can also refer to a descendant of Ludwig
der Springer (AKA Louis
the Springer), a medieval Franconian count who, according to legend, escaped from a second or third-story prison cell by jumping into a river after being arrested for trying to seize County Saxony in Germany.
From Middle High German stet meaning "place", "town" + müller meaning "miller", hence an occupational name for a miller who ground the grain for a town.
Metonymic occupational name for a smith or armorer, from Middle High German stal
Occupational name for a foundry worker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German stal 'steel'.
Variant of Staller. German: topographic name for someone who lived in a muddy place, from the dialect word stal. English: habitational name from Stalmine in Lancashire, named probably with Old English stæll 'creek', 'pool' + Old Norse mynni 'mouth'.
STANG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German stang
, German Stange
‘pole’, ‘shaft’, hence a nickname for a tall, thin person, a metonymic occupational name for a maker of wooden shafts for spears and the like, or a metonymic occupational name for a soldier.
STANISLAW Polish, German
Polish from the personal name Stanislaw
, composed of the Slavic elements stani
‘become’ + slav
‘glory’, ‘fame’, ‘praise’. This surname is well established in German-speaking lands.
Possibly an altered spelling of German Stanz
, a habitation name from places called Stans or Stanz in Austria and Switzerland (see also Stentz
STAR German, Dutch, Jewish, English
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Star, Middle High German star
, ‘starling’, probably denoting a talkative or perhaps a voracious person.... [more]
Nickname from Middle High German stæt(e) meaning "firm", "steadfast", "constant".
STAUB German (Swiss), German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational nickname for a miller, from Middle High German stoup
, German Staub
‘dust’. The Jewish surname may also be ornamental.
From Middle High German stuche
, a term used to denote both a type of wide sleeve and a headcovering. Also a habitational name from a place called Staucha, near Dresden.
This surname refers either to various towns named Stauffen or else it might be derived from Middle High German stouf
Means "head miner" or "overman" from the German verb "steigen" meaning "to climb" or in this case "to lead a climb".
From a derivative of Middle High German stec
"steep path or track, narrow bridge". The name was likely given to someone living close to a path or small bridge.
From Middle High German ster
‘ram’, hence probably a nickname for a lusty person, or possibly a metonymic occupational name for a shepherd.
STEINBACH German, Jewish
German habitational name from any of the many places named Steinbach, named with Middle High German stein
‘stone’ + bach
‘stream’, ‘creek’. ... [more]
Denotes a person hailing from one of the many places in Germany called Steinbeck or Steinbach, from Middle High German stein
"stone" and bach
"stream, creek". In some cases it is a South German occupational name for a mason... [more]
From stony mountain. From "stein" meaning stone, and "berg" meaning mountain.
STEINER German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): occupational name for someone who worked with stone: a quarry-man, stone-cutter, or stonemason; an agent derivative of Stein
. Also can be a topographic name for someone who lived on stony ground or near a prominent outcrop of rock.
STEINMETZ German, Jewish
Occupational name from Middle High German steinmetze
, German steinmetz
"stonemason", "worker in stone".
From the German word "stein" and "wedel" which mean "stone frond", which was a name given to someone who lived near a stone wall covered in plants.
nickname for a disabled person; from Middle Low German stelte, stilt "wooden leg"
Variant of Stelzer, probably an occupational name for a stilt-maker. Also, a habitational name for anyone from any of the places named Stelzen.
Unknown History of Stifter. Stifter means Founder in German
Habitational name from any of several places named with a religious dedication to a St. Louis.
From Middle Low German store
‘sturgeon’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who caught or sold sturgeon, or a nickname for someone with some supposed resemblance to the fish... [more]
STOLTENBERG German, Norwegian
Habitational name from places so called in Pomerania and Rhineland. A famous bearer is Jens Stoltenberg (b. 1959), Prime Minister of Norway 2000-2001 and 2005-2013.
Stoltzfus is a surname of German origin. It is common among Mennonites and Amish. All American Stoltzfuses are descended from Nicholas Stoltzfus (1719–1774), an Amish man who migrated from Germany to America in 1766.
STORCH German, Jewish
From Middle High German storch
"stork", hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the bird.
Nickname for a crude man, from Middle High German storr 'tree stump', 'clod'.
It is derived from the Old Germanic phrase "an der Strasse," which literally means "on the street." Thus, the original bearer of this name was most likely someone whose residence was located on a street.
It derives either from the ancient Roman (Latin) word "straet" meaning a main road, and hence somebody who lived by such a place, or from a German pre-medieval word "stratz" meaning vain.
STRASSMANN German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone living on a main street, from Middle High German strasse
, German Strasse
"street, road" and man
STRAUSS German, Jewish
From the German word strauß
, meaning "ostrich." In its use as a Jewish surname, it comes from the symbol of the building or family that the bearer occupied or worked for in the Frankfurter Judengasse... [more]
STRAUß German, Jewish
An older spelling of Strauss, which is only used in Germany and Austria.
Topographic name from Middle High German struot 'swamp', 'bush', 'thicket' + -er, suffix denoting an inhabitant.
Name given in 1056 a.d. Meaning- Keeper of the Royal Horses.
STROH English, German
Means "straw" when translated from German, indicating a thin man, a person with straw-colored hair, or a dealer of straw.
German (also Strübel): from a diminutive of Middle High German strūp (see Strub).... [more]
Sturtz comes from an alpine village in Germany. It literately means "to stumble".
SUGAR German (Rare)
Sugar is the surname of talented storyteller, writer, and composer Rebecca Rae Sugar (creator of animated series Steven Universe).
Nickname for a bitter or cantankerous person, from Middle Low German sūr meaning "sour".
SUMMER English, German
From Middle English sum(m)er
, Middle High German sumer
"summer", hence a nickname for someone of a warm or sunny disposition, or for someone associated with the season of summer in some other way.
SUTTER German, English
English and South German occupational name for a shoemaker or cobbler (rarely a tailor), from Middle English suter
, Middle High German suter
(from Latin sutor
, an agent derivative of suere
Americanized form of German Schweitzer meaning Swiss.
Ethnic or regional name for a German speaker from Transylvania or Szepes, etymologically a derivative of German SACHS
TABBERT German, Frisian
From Middle Low German tabbert
, Middle Dutch tabbaert
‘tabard’, a sleeveless overgarment worn by men in the Middle Ages, (ultimately from French tabard
, from Late Latin tabardum
From the Italian tagliare
"to cut" and ferro
"iron" occupational name for an ironworker or a nickname for a strong or ferocious fighter, one who was adept at cutting through the cuirass of the enemy with his sword (see Telfer
TALBERT English, French
From a continental Germanic personal name composed of the elements tal
"valley" and berth
TALLON English, Irish, Norman, French
English and Irish (of Norman origin), and French from a Germanic personal name derived from tal
‘destroy’, either as a short form of a compound name with this first element (compare Talbot
) or as an independent byname... [more]
TANGUAY French, English
From a personal name, a contraction of Tanneguy
, from Breton tan
meaning 'fire', and ki
meaning 'dog', which was the name of a 6-th century Christian saint associated with Paul Aurelian.
TANNEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places in Lower Saxony or Baden named with German Tannen
‘pine’, or from a short form of any of the many compound names formed with this element... [more]
TANNENBAUM Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) topographic name or Jewish ornamental name from German Tannenbaum
‘fir tree’, ‘pine tree’.
From the old French word tapon
, meaning "cork". Hence this surname was first given to corks makers.
Origins are found in Neumark, Brandenburg, Prussia.