are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From the given name Sabello
, Latin Sabellus
, originally derived from a tribal name.
Nickname for someone perceived to lead a carefree, easy life, from Middle Low German sacht(e) meaning "soft" + leben meaning "life".
Occupational name from Middle High German sacman meaning "baggage servant", one who was in charge of transporting and looking after a knight’s baggage and supplies on campaign.
SADAT German (Rare)
The last name Sadat means "master" and "gentleman," and is originally a religious last name which was popular in the west, more precisely in Germany.
SAENGER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a chorister or a nickname for someone who liked singing, from Middle High German senger, German Sänger meaning "singer".
SAINT English, French
Nickname for a particularly pious individual, from Middle English, Old French saint
"holy" (Latin sanctus
"blameless, holy"). The vocabulary word was occasionally used in the Middle Ages as a personal name, especially on the Continent, and this may have given rise to some instances of the surname.
SALE English, French
English: from Middle English sale ‘hall’, a topographic name for someone living at a hall or manor house, or a metonymic occupational name for someone employed at a hall or manor house. ... [more]
Southern Italian habitational name from the city of Salerno in Campania.
It is derived from the German words (Salz) meaning "salt", & (Salweide) meaning "water".
Derived from the Italian masculine given name SALVATORE
, which in turn was derived from the Italian noun salvatore
meaning "saviour, rescuer"... [more]
SALZMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from German salz
"salt" + mann
SAMET German, Jewish, Yiddish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of velvet, from Yiddish samet
‘velvet’ (German Samt
, ultimately from Greek hexamiton, a compound of hex
‘six’ + mitos
SANDBERG Swedish, German, Norwegian
Either a Swedish and Norwegian combination of sand
"sand" and berg
"mountain", or (Middle High) German combination of sand
"sand" and berc
Habitational name from a place to the southeast of the Somme river, named with Latin sana terra
"healthy, wholesome land".
SANTI Italian (Latinized, Archaic)
Santi is a surname of Christian inspiration and it means Son of Santo (Saint)
. It also has a second meaning in plural that is Santos (Saints)
. Santi is a last name that comes from Piedmont (northern Italy)... [more]
From a medieval French nickname for a swarthy person, or for someone who had gone on a Crusade (from Old French sarrazin
"Saracen"). It was borne by American golfer Gene Sarazen (1902-99), original name Eugene Saraceni.
SARD English, French, Spanish, Italian
In the book "Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary by Henry Harrison and Gyda (Pulling) Harrison 1912 - Reprinted 1996.... The Sard surname (which has been in England, Italy and Europe for a long time) is defined thus on page 136...... [more]
Occupational nickname for someone who sold sour wine, or perhaps a nickname for someone with a sour disposition, from Middle High German sur
"sour" + win
"wine", i.e. vinegar.
In Middle French (the form of French spoken from 1340 to 1610), it literally means "salt merchant".
Sauve' from France to Canada. Changed probably due to an "a" and an "o" confusion in cursive. My granfather's was typo-ed on WW II old men's sign up in MA. or RI, USA.
Italian nickname given to a wise, sage man. Saint Dominic Savio is a well-known bearer of this surname.
The name of an Italian coachbuilder, with one of its famous customers being Ferrari when it doesn't want a design from Pininfarina.
SCALA Italian, Greek
Habitational or topographic name from any of various places named with scala
, "ladder", "steps", "wharf".
Habitational name from Scali in Piedimonte Etneo, Sicily. From greek skali
, "step", "terrace".
Habitational name derived from Scalea in the province of Cosenza, deriving ultimately from medieval Greek skaleia
SCANNADINARI Italian (Rare)
Taken from the Italian scanna
meaning "slaying" and dinari
meaning "money" in the plural form. Therefore, killer of money
Occupational name for a dyer, or as a nickname for someone who habitually wore scarlet or who had bright red hair, From Sicilian scarlatu
Metonymic occupational name for a shepherd, from Middle High German schāf ‘sheep’. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone thought to resemble a sheep, or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a sheep... [more]
German origins (as told to me by my family); popular in Austria and also has Jewish and Slavic origins, according to the internet/ancestry.com.
SCHADE German, Dutch, Scottish, English
German and Dutch: from schade
‘damage’, a derivative of schaden
‘to do damage’, generally a nickname for a thug or clumsy person, or, more particularly, a robber knight, who raided others’ lands.... [more]
Name given to sheepherders, accounding to personal family history.
Occupational name for a cooper, from an agent derivative of Middle High German scheffel
SCHATTNER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of several places named Schaten or Schatten, or a topographic name for someone living in a shady location, from Middle High German schate
SCHATZ German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a treasurer, from German Schatz
‘treasure’, Middle High German scha(t)z
. It may also have been a nickname for a rich man (or ironically for a miser), or else for a well-liked person or a ladies’ favorite, from the use of the vocabulary word as a term of endearment... [more]
German diminutive of SCHATZ
, or a nickname for a lover meaning "little sweetheart" (from the same word used as a term of endearment).
The Schauer surname comes from the Middle High German word "schouwen" meaning "to inspect;" as such, the name is thought to have originally been occupational, for some kind of inspector, perhaps an official of a market.
SCHAUMBURG German, Dutch, Belgian
Habitational name from any of the places called Schaumburg or Schauenburg in Germany, or Schauwberg in Brabant, Belgium.
SCHAUS German, Luxembourgish
A nickname for a simpleton, from schaus
, a word in Rhenish Franconian and Lower Rhine dialects of German.
habitational name for someone from Schaubeck near Marbach (Württemberg).
Anglicized version of the German surname, Schütz, "archer," "yeoman," "protect."
Means "noisy" or "loud" from the German word "schel"
Nickname for a disabled person, from Middle High German schemel
"stool", which was used as a crutch by invalids.
SCHENKEL German, Dutch, Jewish
German, Dutch, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for someone with long or otherwise notable legs, from Middle High German schenkel
, Middle Dutch schenkel
‘thigh’, ‘lower leg’, German Schenkel
It literally means someone who either lives near (or in, if poor &/or homeless) a barn or works within its general vicinity.
SCHILD German, Dutch
Occupational name for a maker or painter of shields, from Middle High German, Middle Dutch schilt
First appeared during the Middle Ages in Central Europe/Germany. The name means "Shield-Maker" and suggests correlation to Blacksmiths or or other forms of metalwork in the time period.
Derived from a Middle High German word meaning "feast" and thus used as a nickname for a "gourmet".
Probably a nickname or occupational name for a laborer or carrier, especially in a mine, from Middle Low German slepen, Middle High German slepen 'to drag or carry (a load)' (modern German schleppen, schleifen).
SCHMUCK German, German (Austrian)
From Middle High German smuc meaning "jewel", "finery", hence a metonymic occupational name for a jeweler, or a nickname for someone who wore a prominent jewel or ornament.North German: nickname from Middle Low German smuck meaning "neat", "dainty".
German origin. Means "shock" in German, as in surprise.
SCHOEN German, Jewish, Dutch
German (Schön) nickname for a handsome or pleasant man, from Middle High German schoene
‘fine’, ‘beautiful’; ‘refined’, ‘friendly’, ‘nice’. ... [more]
German (Schönwetter): nickname for someone with a happy disposition, from Middle High German schœn ‘beautiful’, ‘fine’, ‘nice’ + wetter ‘weather’.
Nickname for an offensive person, from Middle High German schemen
Habitational name for someone from any of several places in Germany and Switzerland named Schönenberg.
In the south a topographic name from Middle High German schor(re) 'steep rock', 'rocky shore'.
, an ethnic name for a Scottish person or somebody of such descent.
SCHOTTLANDER German, Jewish, Dutch
From German Schottland
, 'Scotland' and, in some cases, denoted an immigrant from Scotland or Ireland. Numerous Irish fled to continental Europe after the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 13th century.... [more]
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme
(Middle High German schram(me)
) and Yiddish shram
, all of which mean "scar".
Some think that the last name Schrock comes from the German word which meant something along the lines of "Jump" or "Leaps" and was probably a nickname to someone who was a great jumper, or someone who was easily startled.
The surname Schueler was first found in southern Germany, where the name was closely identified in early mediaeval times with the feudal society which would become prominent throughout European history.
Occupational name for a shoemaker’s assistant, from Middle High German schuoch meaning "shoe" + knecht meaning "journeyman", "assistant".
Possibly a habitational name from Schüller in the Eifel.
Occupational surname for an archer or a watchman (from Middle High German schützen
"to guard or protect"). Also a habitational name from Schutz, a place near Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The surname of German VfB Stuttgart footballer Daniel Schwaab, born in Waldkirch, Germany.
SCHWAB German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): regional name for someone from Swabia (German Schwaben), from Middle High German Swap, German Schwabe ‘Swabian’. The region takes its name from a Germanic tribe recorded from the 1st century BC in the Latin form Suebi or Suevi, of uncertain origin; it was an independent duchy from the 10th century until 1313, when the territory was broken up.
Habitational name from any of several places so named, for example near Lübeck and near Anklam.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a forest clearing, from Middle High German swant
"to thin out", "make disappear", causative from swinden
"to disappear" modern German schwinden
Habitational name from any of the various places called Schwand
, all in southern Germany, named with this element, from Middle High German swant
"to thin out", "make disappear", causative from swinden
"to disappear" modern German schwinden
Derives from an agent derivative of the German "schweigen", to be silent, and the nickname would have been given to a silent, quiet, taciturn person.
Ethnic name for a Swiss, from German Schweitz meaning "Swiss".
Occupational name for someone whose job was to swingle flax, i.e. to beat the flax with a swingle in order to remove the woody parts of the plant prior to spinning, from Middle German swingen meaning "to swing" or swing meaning "swingle".
Possibly deriving from Italian words scorno
meaning shame, and vacca
meaning cow. Sicilian variant of Scornavacca
SEBERT German, French
From a German personal name composed of the elements sigi meaning "victory" + berht meaning "bright", "famous".
From Italian sei
"six" + dita
, plural of dito
"finger", hence a nickname either for someone having six fingers or metaphorically for someone who was very dextrous.
SEE English, German
Topographic name for someone who lived by the sea-shore or beside a lake, from Middle English see meaning "sea", "lake" (Old English sǣ), Middle High German sē. Alternatively, the English name may denote someone who lived by a watercourse, from an Old English sēoh meaning "watercourse", "drain".
Comes from a Germanic personal name, Sigizo, from a compound name formed with sigi ‘victory’ as the first element.
SEGALE English, Italian
Respelling of SEGAL
. A famous bearer is Mario A. Segale, the inspiration for Nintendo's video game character Mario
Short form of SEIBOLD
. Ultimately derived from names composed of the Germanic name element sigi
From the Germanic given name Sito
, a short form of a compound name formed with sigi
SEIDE German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German side, German Seide ‘silk’ (from Late Latin seta, originally denoting animal hair), hence a metonymic occupational name for a manufacturer or seller of silk.
Originating in the region of Saxony. Name of a silk merchant, from the German word for silk: seide
German and Jewish occupational surname for a rope maker.
SEIM Upper German
German: metonymic occupational name for a beekeeper, from Middle High German seim ‘honey’.
SEINFELD German, Jewish
From the German word sein
"to be" and the word of German Jewish origin feld
which means "field". It was a name given to areas of land that had been cleared of forest.
Teutonic name meaning "hall master" for a steward or keeper of a large home or settlement.
SELVA Catalan, Italian
From any of various places in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, or northern Italy named Selva, as for instance the Catalan district La Selva, from selva
"wood", Latin silva
The Selz is a river in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, and a left hand tributary of the Rhine. It flows through the largest German wine region, Rheinhessen or Rhenish Hesse. Also, Seltz (German: Selz) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department of the Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine region in north-eastern France.... [more]
1. Topographic name for someone who lived by land cleared by fire, from Middle High German sengen ‘to singe or burn’. ... [more]
Derived from the Middle High German word senne
meaning "dairy farmer".
A topographic name formed with an unexplained first element + Middle High German bach ‘creek’. Pretty common in Iowa and Pennsylvania.
SEWINA German, Polish
The first available record of the Sewina family name is around 1620 in the province of Silesia, a mixed cultural region between Germany and Poland. Once part of the Prussian Empire and Germany. After World War Two, the area is now part of Poland... [more]
Occupational name for a scrap-metal merchant, from a derivative of Sferro in the sense ‘old and broken iron’. Habitational name from the district of Paternò in Catania, Sicily.
Derived from the Italian verb sforzare
meaning "to force, strain"; also compare the related word forza
"force, strength". This was the surname of a dynasty of Milanese dukes, which held power in the 15th and 16th centuries.
SHADE English, German, Dutch, Scottish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a boundary, from Old English scead
‘boundary’.nickname for a very thin man, from Middle English schade
‘shadow’, ‘wraith’.... [more]
SHATNER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of SCHATTNER
. A notable bearer was Canadian actor William Shatner (1931-), who is known for his roles as Captain James T. Kirk in 'Star Trek', T.J. Hooker in 'T.J. Hooker', Denny Crane in 'Boston Legal', and the Priceline Negotiator in Priceline.com commercials.
This surname is related to the German surname Schroder which means cut as in a wood cutter etc.
The roots of the German surname Sieber can be traced to the Old Germanic word "Siebmacher," meaning "sieve maker." The surname is occupational in origin, and was most likely originally borne by someone who held this position
German. People known with this name are: Emelia Siebern, Hannah Siebern, Caleb Siebern.
The name is originally spelled "Siecke". Eric Siecke came from Norway and settled in Holstein, Germany in the year 1307. The final "e" was dropped by most of the family, though one branch still retains it... [more]
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements sigi
"victory" and fridu
"peace". The German surname has also occasionally been adopted by Ashkenazic Jews.
SILBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German "silber," meaning "silver." Metonymic occupational name for a silversmith, or often, in the case of the Jewish surname, an ornamental name.
SILBERSTEIN German, Jewish
From Middle High German silber
"silver" and stein
"stone"; a habitational name from a place so named in Bavaria, or a topographic name.... [more]
Means "Little Tree" or "Little Woods." Derived from the given name SILVESTER.
Originates from the German prefix sim
meaning "of the head" and the German word becka
meaning "bull". When combined in this order, the meaning was "bull-headed", meaning stubborn and obstinant.
The name Simonetti originated from the personal name Simon, itself a derivative of the Hebrew name "Sim'on," from the verb "sama" meaning "to listen." Thus, the name Simonetti means "God has listened," referring to the gratitude of the parents who, having wished for a child, had their prayers answered.... [more]
Comes from a personal name in Sicily and souther Calabria. The name was apparently in origin a nickname from Latin senator member of the Roman senate, Latin senatus, a derivative of senex ‘old’... [more]
Perhaps a habitational name from a comune (municipality) in Northern Italy.
SKELTON English, German, Norwegian (Rare)
Habitational name from places in Cumbria and Yorkshire, England, originally named with the same elements as SHELTON
, but with a later change of ‘s’ to ‘sk’ under Scandinavian influence.
German surname meaning mercenary. German spelling has umlaut over the O, but American spelling is Soldner or Soeldner.
Means, "beautiful sun". Derived from "bello", meaning beautiful, and "sole", meaning sun.
"higher, situated above", a topographic name for someone who lived at the top end of a place on a hillside.
SORDINO Italian (Rare), Literature
Derived from Italian sordino
, referring to a mute for musical instruments. It is ultimately from Italian sordo
"deaf" or "muffled (sound), silent, hidden, voiceless". American author Laurie Halse Anderson uses this for her novel Speak
(1999), on high school rape victim MELINDA
Southern Italian: nickname from sottile ‘delicate’, ‘refined’, also ‘lean’, ‘thin’ (from Latin subtilis ‘small’, ‘slender’).
Metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker, from Old French soulier
‘shoe’, ‘sandal’.... [more]
Translation of the French surname Souverain
which is derived from Old French souverain
meaning "high place".
French surname (Alexis Benoist Soyer is a famous bearer).