are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
German: habitational name from a place named with Middle High German kip
‘point’, ‘peak’ or from Kippingen in the Rhineland.
Topographical name for someone living on a hill, from Kippe 'edge', 'brink'.
German topographic name for someone living near a churchyard, or habitational name for the proprietor or tenant of a farm named as "Church Farm", from Middle High German kirche
"church" + hof
"farmstead", "manor farm".
From a pet form of the Germanic personal name Gisulf.
HouseofNames.com: The Kissinger surname derives from the Old High German word "kisil," meaning "pebble," or "gravel." The name may have been a topographic name for someone who lived in an area of pebbles or gravel; or it may have evolved from any of several places named with this word.
The name is patronymic and it comes from the German first name "Clausen" which is a variant of the name "Nicholas".
Topographic name from Middle Low German clef
Nickname for a prattler or gossip, from Middle High German, Middle Low German kleffer(er)
A combining of the German word klein
"small" and knecht
"servant", originally an occupational name for a secondary hired hand. A famous historic figure who bore this surname was Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht (8 April 1722 in Ulm - 11 August 1794 in Ansbach), a German composer of many works of chamber music and symphonies, flutist and Kapellmeister (chapel master).
Occupational name for a woodsman or woodworker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German klieben meaning "to cleave or split".
From Middle High German klingen
"to ring or sound" and bīl
"axe", literally "sound the axe", an occupational nickname for a journeyman, carpenter, shipwright (or any occupation involving the use of an axe)... [more]
A German occupational surname for a knife maker, meaning "knife maker" or "weapons smith", from the German word Klinge, meaning "blade".
Klinger is a German surname meaning ravine or gorge in Old German. The English variant of Klinger is Clinger
Combination of "kloster" meaning "monastery," and common German suffix Mann.
The ancient and distinguished German surname Klutz is derived from the old Germanic term "Klotz," meaning "awkward, clumsy." The name was most likely initially bestowed as a nickname, either on someone who was clumsy or in an ironic way on someone who was exceptionally graceful.
German status name for a young man or a page, from Middle High German knabe
). In aristocratic circles this term denoted a page or squire (a youth destined to become a knight), while among artisans it referred to a journeyman’s assistant or (as a short form of Lehrknabe) ‘apprentice’... [more]
Occupational name from the German word Knapp
, a variant of Knabe
"young unmarried man". In the 15th century this spelling acquired the separate, specialized meanings "servant", "apprentice", or "miner"... [more]
Comes from Middle High German knuz ‘proud’, ‘arrogant’, ‘daring’, hence a nickname for a haughty person. In Württemberg knaus (and in Switzerland knus) also meant ‘gnarl’, hence a nickname for a short, fat, gnarled person; topographic name for someone living on a hillock, from knaus ‘hillock’ in the Swabian and Alemannic dialects of German
dweller near a hilltop; descendant of Knut (hill, or white-haired); a lumpish, thickset person.
Occupational name, probably for someone who made dumplings, from an agent derivative of Middle High German knödel.
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
KNORR German (Rare)
The name 'Knorr' was used by a collection of knights during the feudal period in Germanic History. Originally laborers to an existing feudal Lord, they gained their freedom and knight status after sucessfully protecting their master's land from invasion... [more]
KOBOLDT German (Rare)
Derived from German Kobold
(Middle High German kobolt
) "kobold; hobgoblin; puck; imp".
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Kochendorf, in Württemberg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Bohemia.
Believed to be a form of the German name Köhnlein
used by people who moved to America from Germany sometime during the 1800s.
German from the adjective kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (German Köln
Koerner is an occupational name for a grain merchant or possibly an administrator of a granary. ... [more]
Apparently a nickname from Middle Low German kōlhase, literally "cabbage rabbit".
1. occupational name for a guard or watchman on a tower, Middle Low German kure.... [more]
KOLDEN German, Norwegian
From Middle Low German kolt, kolde ‘cold’, a nickname for an unfriendly person; alternatively, it may be a habitational name, a shortened form of Koldenhof ‘cold farm’ in Mecklenburg (standardized form: Kaltenhof, a frequent place name in northern Germany, East Prussia, Bavaria, and Württemberg).Norwegian: habitational name from a farm called Kolden, from Old Norse kollr ‘rounded mountain top’.
Kolk is an old German word that means '' man who lives by the river'' and Mann is German for 'man'. The name Kolkmann comes from a man who lived by the North Rhine.
From the given name Colo
. Alternatively derived from Middle Low German kolle
From German kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (Köln in German).
A German habitational name for someone who lives in various places called Konitz in places like Thuringia, Pomerania, Moravia, or West Prussia.
Orginating from Konrad
, which is a variant of Conrad
, meaning "brave counsel." The second half of the name indicates one who was a councilman or advisor to someone of importance or power.
Habitational name from any of several places named Koppen.
From Middle High German korn
"grain", a metonymic occupational name for a factor or dealer in grain or a nickname for a peasant.
Derived from German Kate / Kote
, originally from Middle Low German kote
"small house; hut".... [more]
From Middle High German, Middle Low German kote
‘cottage’, ‘hovel’, a status name for a day laborer who lived in a cottage and owned no farmland.
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
German: nickname for a slim or long-legged person, from Middle Low German krane ‘crane’. Compare Kranich
KRAIS German, Brazilian
Brazilian adaptation of the German surname Greis; altered for easier comprehension by the Portuguese-speaking population of Brazil.
German: nickname for a long-legged or tall and slender person, from Middle High German kranech ‘crane’.
German metonymic occupational name for a ''basketmaker'', from Middle High German kratte
KREISEL German, Jewish
Jewish family name and originally a nickname for an active or disorganized person, derived from German kreisel
meaning "spinning top, top", ultimately from kreis
"circle". Alternatively, it could've be used as a nickname for a person with curly hair in the context of "spiral" or "curl".
topographic name for someone living in a hollow
From Middle High German kresse
"gudgeon", hence probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the fish in some way or an occupational name for a fisherman.
From Old High German krassig
Occupational name for a basketmaker or a peddler, from an agent derivative of Middle High German kretze 'basket'.
Topographical name for someone who lived near a cross set up by the roadside, in a marketplace, or as a field or boundary marker, from Middle High German kriuz(e) 'cross'.
Noun to kriegen
meaning "to fight (with words)". Describes a person who likes to argue. A wrangler, a quarreler, a brawler. Literal translation "warrior", from the German noun krieg
"war" and the suffix -er
Probably a habitational name for someone from an unidentified place called Kriegshaus, literally "war house".
From German Krone 'crown', probably as an ornamental name. Or a nickname for a slender, long-legged individual, from a dialect form of Kranich.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
German metonymic occupational name for a pastry cook, from German kuchen
‘cake’, or simply a variant of Koch
Occupational name for a master cook (literally "kitchen master"), a court official.
KUCHLER German (Rare)
Often confused with Küchler
a name for a cookie baker, Kuchler is a noble name for an old german family. Kuchler is origined in a city named Kuchl at the border of todays german bavaria. Sometimes they are reffered to "Herrn von Kuchl" meaning "Ruler of Kuchl"
KUES German, Dutch
Habitational name from Cues, now part of Bernkastel-Kues in the Rhineland Palatinate.
KÜHL German, Low German
The spelling Kühl results from a folk-etymological association with High German kühl
‘cool’ (Middle High German küel(e)
, a nickname from Middle High German küel
‘cool’, ‘calm’... [more]
Nickname from Middle High German küel
Habitational name from any of various places in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg called Kummerow.
Nickname for a flatterer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German künzen
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
‘copper’. As a Jewish name it is often an ornamental name.
Occupational name for a furrier, Middle High German kürsenære, from Middle High German kürsen meaning "fur coat".
Topographic name of Slavic origin, from Sorbian kut
‘corner’, ‘nook’. Variant of Kutsche
, metonymic occupational name for a coachman or coachbuilder, from the Hungarian loanword kocsi
Surname given to those who had the occupation of cleaning tripe. Combines the words kuttel meaning "tripe" and washer meaning "washer". Bearers of the surname typically live in Austria.
Habitational name for someone from Kuhz, near Prenzlau.
This is the surname of my great-grandfather, of German ancestry.
Occupational or status name for a tenant farmer, from borde
"small farm" (from Frankish bord
"plank") and the definite article la
Topographic name from l’abri meaning "the shelter", or a habitational name from a place named with this word.
French (western and southwestern): topographic name for someone living in or near a ravine, from la combe ‘the ravine’ (a word of Gaulish origin, related to English Combe).... [more]
Means "the cross" in French. It originally denoted someone who lived near a cross.
French: nickname from Old French agace, agasse ‘magpie’ + the definite article l’.
Possibly originated to denote someone from the Italian town of Laghi.
French: topographic name for someone who lived by a granary, a variant of Grange
, with the definite article la.
Locational name for someone who lived near a hedge or large bush, from old French "La" the and "Haie" hedge.
LAHNER German, Hungarian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lahn in Hungary and Germany. In southern Germany and Austria, Lahn denotes a place where there had been an avalanche or landslide, from Middle High German laen, lēne meaning "avalanche".
French (Normandy): habitational name from any of various places in Normandy, so named from Old Norse lundr
‘grove’, with the definite article la
Italian:vail, the last name of a general in Palrmo, Sicily, Italy.
Habitational name from any of several places so called in Bavaria, Westphalia, and Schleswig-Holstein.
LAMBILLOTTE French (Modern)
Currently, a common name in Wallonia, Belgium with some descendants in USA. Believed to be derived from three terms..."lamb" "ill" "otte". The first term has remained unchanged from early Germanic term; the second is latin for "of the" and the third a dimiuative or feminine form suffix... [more]
Means "the lover" in French. It would be the nickname of an amorous person.
LAND English, German
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
LANDE French, Norwegian, Jewish
French: topographic name for someone living on a heath, lande
(from Gaulish landa
‘space’, ‘land’), or a habitational name from any of numerous minor places named La Lande from this word.... [more]
LANDIS German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German nickname for a highwayman or for someone who lays waste to the land, from Middle High German landoese
LANDRY French, English
From the Germanic personal name Landric
, a compound of land
"land" and ric
LANSDOWNE French, English
The first marquis lansdowne, land owners for there lords and farmers also know as tenants.
Habitational name from places called Lanz or derived from the given name Lanzo
Topographic name for someone who lived near the gates of a fortified town (and often was in charge of them; thus in part a metonymic occupational name), from Old French porte
"gateway", "entrance" (from Latin porta
, "door", "entrance"), with the definite article la
From Middle High German lap(pe)
‘cloth’, ‘patch’, ‘rag’; a metonymic occupational name for a mender of clothes or shoes, or a nickname for a simple-minded person.... [more]
LARIVIÈRE French (Modern)
From the region of Bourgoigne, in France, meaning 'the river'. The name is likely a topographic reference to the physical location, likely a river in this case.
Topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew; or a habitational name from a town house bearing the sign of a rose. It may also have been a nickname for a man with a ‘rosy’ complexion, as well as a nickname of a soldier... [more]
1. French: local name or occupational name for someone who lived or worked at a manor house, from Old French sal(e) ‘hall’ (modern French salle; see also Sale
), with the definite article la. ... [more]
French location name from Lacelle in Orne, northern France and referring to "small rooms or cells inhabited by monks".
From the medieval personal name Latino, originally an ethnic name for someone of Latin as opposed to Germanic, Byzantine or Slavic descent.
My great-great grandmother's name was Patrizia Maria Lattanzio. After she passed and my Great-grandmother sent my grandmother to America, the officials mis-spelled her name on her documents and the last name was shortened to Lattanzi... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
The lauffer name is generally thought to have evolved from a place name to a surname. ... Versions of the name that evolve from the word "läufer," which meant "runner," are thought to have originally been an occupational name for a messenger.
LAUPER German (Swiss)
From the short form of a Germanic personal name composed of the elements liut 'people', 'tribe' + berht 'famous'. topographic name for someone who lived at a Lauben, a row of houses and stores with an arcade in front, from Middle High German loube 'arbor', 'bower', 'gallery'.
Either from the given name Laura
or a topographic name from Latin laurea
LAUTERMILCH German (Modern)
Comes from German words Lauter, meaning 'pure', or 'nothing but', and Milch, meaning 'milk'. This could mean that the people who first used this name were farmers.
Habitational name from various places named La Verdière in France, or a variant of the name Leverdier (see VERDIER
From the French place name La Verdure
meaning "greenness, greenery".
LAVIOLETTE French, French (Quebec), French (Acadian)
A secondary surname, associated with some forty family names in Canada and also used independently since 1698, a nickname from the flower violette
‘violet’, with the definite article la. In feudal France it was a name given to soldiers and domestic servants.
LEDGER English, Norman, French, Dutch
English: from a Norman personal name, Leodegar
, Old French Legier
, of Germanic origin, composed of the elements liut
‘people’, ‘tribe’ + gar
‘spear’. The name was borne by a 7th-century bishop of Autun, whose fame contributed to the popularity of the name in France... [more]
Means "the amiable" from French doux
meaning "sweet, soft, gentle".
Possibly Italian, a nickname for a fleet-footed or timid person, from a northern variant of lepre
"hare". However, only the plural form Legori
is attested in Italian records.
LEHIGH German, Irish
Derived from a Native American word "Lechauwekink", meaning "where there are forks in the stream". Variant of Lechau
Status name for a feudal tenant or vassal, from an agent derivative of Middle High German lehen 'to hold land as a feudal tenant'. variant of Leonhardt.
"Lean deer." From the German words lehn
, "lean" and "deer" respectively.
A coworker at my job has this surname and they told me that it’s German. I know nothing more about this surname.
From a short form of any of several Germanic personal names composed with the first element liut
‘people’, ‘tribe’. Also a nickname for a disagreeable, cantankerous person, from Middle High German leidic
German topographic name from any of several streams called leinbach, from Middle High German lin
‘flax’ or Middle Low German leie
(genitive leien) ‘rock’, ‘stone’ + bach
Name means LINEN in German. The first known Leinen was a tailor
From Leiter ‘leader’, status name for a foreman or for the leader of a military expedition, from Middle High German leiten ‘lead’.German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Leitner.
Habitational name from a place called Lemberg in Silesia, originally Löwenberg, from Middle High German lewe
"lion" and berg
French surname designating a vendor of sewing materials, from the word mercier
French surname which was originally a nickname for a person with dark hair or skin, derived from noir
"black" combined with the definite article le
. A famous bearer is Étienne Lenoir (1822 - 1900), the inventor of the internal combustion engine.
Nickname for a fierce or brave warrior, from Latin leo
LEONARDO Italian, Spanish, German
Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese from the Germanic personal name Leonhard
, formed from the elements leo
‘lion’ + hard
, ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’; this was an early medieval saint’s name (see Leonard
From the given name Leopold
. Jules Léotard was an acrobat who popularized the leotard, a gymnastics garment. The garment is named after him.
Unflattering nickname from Middle High German lappe
"coxcomb", "puppy" (modern German Laffe
LE ROUX French
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Old French rous "red." Variant spelling of Leroux
German metonymic occupational name for a mediator or arbitrator, or possibly for a fireman, from Middle High German leschære
Variant spelling of German Lessner, a habitational name from any of various places in eastern Germany called Lessen, all named with Slavic les 'forest'.
Occupational surname for a shoemaker, cobbler, or rarely a tailor; derived from Old French sueur
"one who sews" (from Latin sutor
From the personal name Leto. From Latin Laetus
meaning "happy, joyful"... [more]
Status name from Old French vasseor
, a short form of vavasour
, a term of the feudal system for a tenant ranking immediately below a baron. Such a tenant would have been a prosperous man, and the surname may have been used for someone in his service more often than for the man himself... [more]
LEVER French, English
Nickname for a fleet-footed or timid person, from Old French levre
‘hare’ (Latin lepus
, genitive leporis
). It may also have been a metonymic occupational name for a hunter of hares... [more]
LEVIN Jewish, Lithuanian, Belarusian, German, Russian, French (Quebec, Anglicized), Various
As a Lithuanian Jewish and Belarusian Jewish name, it is a Slavicized form of Levy
. As a German and German Jewish name, it is derived from the given name Levin
. As a Jewish name, it can also be related to Loewe