Surnames Starting with J

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JACKEnglish, Scottish
From the given name JACK.
JACKSONEnglish
Means "son of JACK". A famous bearer of this name was American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). Another famous bearer was the singer Michael Jackson (1958-2009).
JACOBSEnglish, Dutch
Derived from the given name JACOB.
JACOBSEDutch
Variant of JACOBS.
JACOBSENDanish
Means "son of JACOB".
JACOBSONEnglish
Means "son of JACOB".
JACQUESFrench
From the French given name JACQUES.
JAEGERGerman
Variant of JÄGER.
JÄGERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German jeger(e) meaning "hunter".
JAGERGerman
Variant of JÄGER.
JAGODAPolish
Means "berry" in Polish.
JAHODACzech, Slovak
Czech cognate of JAGODA.
JAINIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
JAKABHungarian
Derived from the given name JAKAB.
JAKEMAN (1)English
English form of the French name Jacquème (see JAMES).
JAKEMAN (2)English
Means "servant of JACK".
JAKOBSSONSwedish
Means "son of JAKOB".
JAKOLINSlovene
From Latin Jacobus, see JAMES.
JAMESEnglish
Derived from the given name JAMES.
JAMESONEnglish
Means "son of JAMES".
JAMISONEnglish
Means "son of JAMES".
JAMSHIDIPersian
From the given name JAMSHID.
JANDAPolish, Czech
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANDAČEKCzech
Diminutive of JANDA.
JANIČEKCzech
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANKAUSKASLithuanian
Lithuanian form of JANOWSKI.
JANKOVICSlovak
Means "son of JANKO".
JANKOVIČSlovene
Means "son of JANKO".
JANKOVICSHungarian
Hungarian variant of JANKOVIC.
JANKOWSKIPolish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Jankowo or Janków, places derived from the given name JANEK.
JANOWSKIPolish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Janowo, Janow or Janowice, places derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANSDutch, German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANSENDutch, Norwegian
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANSENSDutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSINGDutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSINKDutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSONSLatvian
Latvian form of JANSSON.
JANSSENDutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSSONSwedish
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANVIERFrench
Means "(baptized in) January" from French Janvier.
JANZGerman
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANZENDutch
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JARDINEScottish, English
Means "garden", denoting someone who worked as a gardener.
JÄRVIFinnish
Means "(dweller by the) lake" in Finnish.
JÄRVINENFinnish
Derived from Finnish järvi meaning "lake". It is one of the most common surnames in Finland.
JARVISEnglish
Derived from the given name GERVAIS.
JASKOLSKIPolish
Originally indicated a person from Jaskolski in Poland. The name of the town itself is derived from Polish jaskolka "a swallow".
JASOBasque
Derived from Basque jats "sorghum". Sorghum is a type of cereal grass.
JEANES (1)English
The first record of this name comes from records of William the Conqueror's land grants to his supporters during the Conquest of England. The name at that time was De Genez, which indicated a person who came from Genez in Normandy. Over the years the De was dropped and the name was corrupted in Britain to Jeanes. Recently it has been suggested that De Genez did not refer to a place name in Normandy, as might be expected, but instead to Genoa, Italy, making the etymology of this surname the same as the etymology of the jeans in blue jeans (jeans is from Genoa, the fabric having originated in Genoa).
JEANES (2)English
Derived from the given name Jan, a medieval form of JOHN.
JEDLIČKACzech
Derived from Czech jedle meaning "fir tree", perhaps given to a person who lived near a fir tree.
JEDYNAKPolish
Means "only child" from Polish jedynak.
JEFFERSEnglish
Patronymic of the given name JEFFREY. A famous bearer was poet Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962).
JEFFERSONEnglish
Means "son of JEFFREY". A famous bearer was American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826).
JEFFERYEnglish
Derived from the given name JEFFREY.
JEFFRIESEnglish
Derived from the given name JEFFREY.
JEHLIČKACzech
Means "a needle" in Czech. The name was most likely borne by tailors in reference to their occupation.
JEKYLLEnglish
Derived from the Breton given name JUDICAËL. This name was used by Robert Louis Stevenson for the character of Dr Henry Jekyll in the book 'Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' (1886).
JELENPolish, Czech, Slovak
Means "stag" in the Slavic languages.
JELINEKCzech
Diminutive of JELEN.
JENKINSEnglish
From the given name Jenkin, a medieval diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of JOHN.
JENNINGSEnglish
From the given name Jenyn, a medieval diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of JOHN.
JENSENDanish
Means "son of JENS". This is the most common surname in Denmark.
JENSSONSwedish
Means "son of JENS".
JEONGKorean
Variant transcription of CHUNG.
JEPSONEnglish
Means "son of JEP".
JERNIGANWelsh, English
Derived from the Old Breton name Iarnuuocon meaning "iron famous".
JEROMEEnglish
Derived from the given name JEROME. A famous bearer of this surname was the American-born Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston Churchill.
JESPERSENDanish
Means "son of JESPER".
JEWELEnglish
Variant of JEWELL.
JEWELLEnglish
Derived from the Breton given name JUDICAËL.
JEZPolish
Means "hedgehog" in Polish. It may have originally referred to a person who lived near a sign bearing a hedgehog, or it may have been given to a person who resembled a hedgehog in some way.
JEŽSlovene, Czech
Cognate of JEZ.
JEŽEKCzech
Means "a small hedgehog" in Czech. It may have originally referred to a person who lived near a sign bearing a hedgehog, or it may have been given to a person who resembled a hedgehog in some way.
JIANG (1)Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "river, Yangtze".
JIANG (2)Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "ginger".
JIMÉNEZSpanish
Means "son of JIMENO".
JINChinese
From Chinese (jīn) meaning "gold".
JINKSEnglish
Means "son of Jenk", Jenk meaning "little JOHN".
JOKorean
Variant transcription of CHO.
Hungarian
Means "good" in Hungarian.
JOHANSSONSwedish
Means "son of JOHAN".
JOHNSEnglish
Derived from the given name JOHN.
JOHNSENNorwegian, Danish
Means "son of JOHAN".
JOHNSONEnglish
Means "son of JOHN". Famous bearers include American presidents Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
JOHNSSONSwedish
Means "son of JOHAN".
JOHNSTONScottish
From the name of a Scottish town, which meant "JOHN's town".
JOINEREnglish
Occupational surname for a carpenter (that is, a person who joined wood together to make furniture).
JOKELAFinnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
JOKINENFinnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
JOKUMSENDanish
Means "son of JOKUM".
JOLLENBECKGerman
In the village of Jollenbeck Germany, there is a river called the Jölle river which gave Jöllenbeck its name.
JONAITISLithuanian
From the given name JONAS (1).
JÓNÁSHungarian
Derived from Jónás, the Hungarian form of JONAS (2).
JONASENDanish
Means "son of JONAS (2)".
JONASSONSwedish
Means "son of JONAS (2)".
JONCKERSDutch
Patronymic form of JONKER.
JONESEnglish, Welsh
Derived from the given name Jon, a medieval variant of JOHN.
JONKERDutch
From the Dutch title jonkheer meaning "young lord". It was originally a medieval noble designation (not an actual title) for a young nobleman.
JONKERSDutch
Patronymic form of JONKER.
JÖNSSONSwedish
Means "son of Jöns". Jöns is a southern Swedish form of JOHANNES.
JONSSONSwedish
Means "son of Jon". Jon is a short form of JOHAN.
JOÓHungarian
Archaic spelling variant of .
JOOSSENSFlemish
Means "son of JOOS" in Flemish.
JOOSTENDutch
Derived from the given name JOOST.
JORDÀCatalan
Derived from the given name JORDÀ.
JORDAN (1)English, French
Derived from the given name JORDAN.
JORDAN (2)Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
JØRGENSENDanish
Means "son of JØRGEN".
JOSEPHEnglish
Derived from the given name JOSEPH.
JOSEPHSEnglish
Derived from the given name JOSEPH.
JOSEPHSONEnglish
Means "son of JOSEPH".
JOSHIIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Nepali
From Sanskrit ज्योतिश (jyotisha) meaning "astronomer".
JOUBERTFrench
From a given name derived from the Germanic elements gaut (see JOCELYN) and beraht "bright".
JOVANOVIĆSerbian
Means "son of JOVAN".
JUÁREZSpanish
Means "son of SUERO".
JUDDEnglish
Derived from the medieval name JUDD.
JUGOVACCroatian
From Croatian jug meaning "south".
JUHÁSZHungarian
Occupational surname meaning "shepherd" in Hungarian.
JUNDTGerman
Derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name JUDITH.
JUNGGerman
From Middle High German junc meaning "young".
JUNGEGerman
Variant of JUNG.
JURIĆCroatian
Means "son of JURE".
JURIŠACroatian
Derived from a diminutive form of JURE.
JUSIĆBosnian
Perhaps means "son of JOSIP".
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