Surnames Starting with S

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SAABArabic
Possibly from the Arabic given name SABAH.
SAARIFinnish
Means "(dweller on) an island" from Finnish saari.
SABBADINItalian
From sabbato "Saturday", a name for one born on that day of the week.
SACCOItalian
Means "sack-maker" in Italian.
SACHSGerman
From Old German sachs, which means "Saxon". The Saxons were a Germanic tribe, their name ultimately deriving from the Old Germanic word sahs meaning "knife". Famous bearers of this surname include Hans Sachs (1494-1576), a German poet, and Nelly Sachs (1891-1970), a Swedish dramatist and poet, who was awarded in 1966 with the Nobel prize for literature, poetry and plays about the Jewish people.
SACKVILLEEnglish
From the name of the Norman French town of Saqueneville.
SADIKTurkish
From the Turkish word sadik meaning "loyal".
SADLEREnglish
Means "saddle-maker" from Old English sadol.
SADOWSKIPolish
Denoted someone who lived in Sadowo, Sadowice or other places beginning with sad- "garden".
SAITOJapanese
Variant transcription of SAITOU.
SAITOUJapanese
From Japanese (sai) meaning "purification, worship" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The latter character could indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
SALAItalian, Spanish, Catalan, Romanian
Means "worker at a manor house" from Old French salle.
SALAMANCASpanish
Originally indicated a person from Salamanca, in western Spain.
SALAMONHungarian
Derived from the given name SALAMON.
SALAZARSpanish, Portuguese
Means "dweller in the old hall" from the Romance word sala meaning "hall" and the Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to Salazar in Burgos, Spain.
SALCEDOSpanish
Derived from the Latin word salix meaning "willow tree". The name was originally given to one who lived near a willow tree.
SALIHOVIĆBosnian
Means "son of SALIH".
SALINASSpanish
Means "(dweller by or worker at) a saltworks" from Spanish salinas.
SALLER (1)German
Originally denoted a person from Sallern, Bavaria.
SALLER (2)German
Means "(dweller by) a sallow tree" from Middle High German salhe.
SALMONEnglish, French
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SALOMONFrench, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SALUCCIItalian
Means "salt" in Italian.
SALVAGGIItalian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALVAIItalian
Means "to save" from Italian salvai.
SALVATICIItalian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALZWEDELGerman
Originally denoted a person from Salzwedel, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "salt ford".
SAMARAArabic
Meaning unknown.
SAMPSONEnglish
Derived from a medieval form of the given name SAMSON.
SAMSEnglish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMSAHungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name SÁMUEL.
SAMSONEnglish, French, Jewish, Dutch
Derived from the given name SAMSON.
SAMUELEnglish, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELSEnglish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELSONEnglish
Means "son of SAMUEL".
SÁNCHEZSpanish
Means "son of SANCHO".
SANCHEZSpanish
Americanized form of SÁNCHEZ.
SANDERGerman
Derived from the given name ALEXANDER.
SANDERSEnglish
Patronymic of the given name Sander, a medieval form of ALEXANDER.
SANDFORDEnglish
Indicated a person from Sandford, England, which means simply "sand ford".
SÁNDORHungarian
Derived from the given name SÁNDOR.
SANDOVALSpanish
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin meaning "new forest".
SANDSEnglish
From the English word, meaning the person lived near or on a beach.
SANGSTEREnglish, Scottish
Occupational surname meaning "song-maker or singer" from Old English.
SANNA (1)Italian
Means "one with a big protruding tooth".
SANNA (2)Dutch
Means "son of SUSANNA".
SANNA (3)Greek
Means "hay seller" from Greek sano meaning "hay".
SAN NICOLASSpanish
Means "Saint NICHOLAS" in Spanish.
SANSONEItalian
Derived from the given name SANSONE.
SANTANASpanish, Portuguese
From any of the numerous places named Santa ANA.
SANTIAGOSpanish, Portuguese
From various Spanish and Portuguese places called SANTIAGO.
SANTILLIANSpanish
Meaning unknown, presumably a derivative of santos "saint".
SANTINIItalian
Diminutive form of SANTO.
SANTOItalian
Italian form of SANTOS.
SANTOROItalian
Means "all saint's day" in Italian, a nickname for one born on that day.
SANTOSPortuguese, Spanish
Means "saint" in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus. This was a nickanme for a pious person.
SAPIENTIItalian
Means "wise" in Latin or Italian, most likely given to someone who was wise or behaved wisely.
SAPPINGTONEnglish
From the city of Sapperton, England, from Old English sapere meaning "soap maker" and ton meaning "town, farm, settlement".
SAQQAFArabic
From Arabic سقف (saqaf) meaning "roof".
SARGSYANArmenian
Means "son of SARGIS" in Armenian.
SARKA (1)Czech
Means "dweller by a bend in a river" from the Old Czech šárový meaning "curved".
SARKA (2)Czech
Means "grey" from the Old Czech šarý.
SARKA (3)Hungarian
Americanized form of SZARKA.
SARKISIANArmenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SARKISSIANArmenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SARKISYANArmenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SÁRKÖZIHungarian
Originally indicated someone from Sárköz, Sárköz being a region of Hungary.
SARKOZIFrench
French form of SÁRKÖZI.
SARKOZYFrench
French form of SÁRKÖZY.
SARNOItalian
Originally denoted a person from Sarno, Italy.
SARTIItalian
Variant of SARTO.
SARTINIItalian
Diminutive form of SARTO.
SARTOItalian
Occupational name meaning "tailor" in Italian, from Latin sartus "to mend".
SARTREFrench
French form of SARTO.
SASHungarian
Means "eagle" in Hungarian.
SASAKIJapanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark ) and (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
SASHACzech
Derived from the given name SASHA.
SASSHungarian
Variant of SAS.
SASTRESpanish
Spanish form of SARTO.
SATOJapanese
Variant transcription of SATOU.
SATOUJapanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
SAUBERGerman
Means "clean" in German. Saüßer is the German spelling, Anglicized to Sauber.
SAULTFrench
French cognate of SOTO.
SAUVAGEAUFrench
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEONFrench
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEOTFrench
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVETERREFrench
From the name of various towns in France, derived from French sauve "safe" and terre "land".
SAVAGEEnglish
English nickname meaning "wild, uncouth", derived from a Middle English form of Old French salvage or sauvage meaning "untamed".
SAVATIERFrench
From Old French savatier "shoemaker", derived from savate "shoe", of uncertain ultimate origin.
SAVONAItalian
From the name of the city of Savona, near Genoa.
SAWYEREnglish
Occupational name meaning "sawer of wood" in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the main character in his novel 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' (1876).
SAYERWelsh
Means "carpenter" from the Welsh saer.
SAYLOREnglish
Occupational name for a leaper, acrobat, or dancer, from Old French sailleor.
SCARLETTEnglish
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, ultimately derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrilat).
SCARPAItalian
Means "shoemaker" from Italian scarpa meaning "shoe".
SCARSIItalian
Nickname for a poor or miserly person from Italian scarso "scarse, scant".
SCAVOItalian
Means "serf, slave" from Old Sicilian scavu.
SCHÄFERGerman
From Middle High German schæfære meaning "shepherd".
SCHEERGerman
From a word meaning "shearer" or "cutter". The word was used both for barbers, who cut hair, and tailors, who cut cloth to make garments.
SCHEINBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful mountain" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and berg meaning "mountain".
SCHENCKGerman, Dutch, Jewish
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out"). As a German name it also denoted a tavernkeeper.
SCHERMERDutch, Low German
Occupational name for a fencer or swordsman, akin to Old High German skirmen "to defend".
SCHINDLERGerman, Jewish
Means "shingler, roof tiler". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
SCHIRMERGerman
Means "fencer, fencing master" from Old High German skirmen meaning "to defend".
SCHLENDERGerman
From Middle High German slinderen "to dawdle" or Middle Low German slinden "to swallow, eat".
SCHLIMMEGerman
Means "bad" from German schlimme.
SCHLUSSERGerman
Means "keeper of the keys" or "jailer" in German.
SCHMELINGGerman
Means "small, slender" in German.
SCHMIDTGerman
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit "smith, metalworker", a cognate of SMITH.
SCHMITZGerman
Variant of SCHMIDT, originating in the Rhine area in western Germany.
SCHNEIDERGerman, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
SCHNURGerman, Jewish
Means "rope maker" from German schnur or Yiddish shnur.
SCHOETTMERGerman
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany.
SCHOOLScottish, English
Derived from either the Old Norse given name Skúli, the Old Danish Skuli or the Old Swedish Skule which probably all mean "to protect".
SCHOONENBURGDutch
Perhaps German in origin, meaning "beautiful mountain".
SCHOONRAADDutch
Means "refined counsel" from Low German schoon "refined, beautiful" and raad "counsel, advice".
SCHOORLDutch
Originally indicated a person from the town of Schoorl in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands. It means "forest by the shore" in Dutch.
SCHOVAJSACzech
Means "hide yourself", of Moravian origin.
SCHRADERLow German
From Middle Low German schrader or schroder meaning "tailor".
SCHRECKGerman
Means "to frighten, jump" from Middle High German schrecken.
SCHREIBERGerman
German cognate of SCRIVEN.
SCHREIERGerman, Jewish
German and Yiddish word meaning "screamer, shrieker, crier", perhaps an occupational name for a town crier. There are two main branches of people with the name: Lutherans from Bavaria, and Ashkenazi Jews from the area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire formerly known as Galicia, which is today in southwestern Ukraine.
SCHRIJNEMAKERSDutch
From the Dutch occupation of schrijnwerker, which means "cabinet maker".
SCHRÖDER (1)Low German
Northern German variant of SCHRADER.
SCHRÖDER (2)German
Southern German variant of SCHRÖTER.
SCHRÖTERGerman
From Middle High German schrotaere meaning "a carrier of wine or beer barrels".
SCHUCHARDGerman
From Middle High German schuochwürhte, schuochworhte, or schuchwarte meaning "shoemaker".
SCHUHARTGerman
From the old German words schouch "shoe" and wurhte "maker". This was a name given to cobblers.
SCHUHMACHERGerman
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher meaning "shoemaker".
SCHULERGerman
Means "scholar, student priest" from German Schule meaning "school".
SCHULTLow German
Low German variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTELow German
Low German variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTHEIßGerman
Occupational name derived from Middle High German schultheiße meaning "mayor, judge".
SCHUSTERGerman
From the Middle High German occupational name schuoster meaning "shoemaker".
SCHUTTMANNGerman
Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen.
SCHUYLERDutch
Dutch form of SCHULER.
SCHWANGAUGerman
From a town in Germany that means "swan land".
SCHWARZGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German swarz meaning "black". It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
SCHWARZENBERGDutch
Means "black mountain" in Dutch.
SCHWARZENEGGERGerman
Means "harrower of the dark fields" or "dark harrower of the fields" from German schwarz meaning "dark, black" and egge meaning "harrow". A well-known bearer of this name is actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger.
SCHWENKEGerman
Derived from the Middle High German word swenke which means "to swing". This was probably a hint at the gait of the person. Alternatively, it can be derived from the given name Sweneke, a Low German form of the name SWANHILD. One last theory states that it is derived from the town of Schwenke (situated in Nordrhein-Westfalen).
SCHWINGHAMMERGerman
From the German words for "swing" and "hammer". This was originally a nickname for a blacksmith.
SCIACCAItalian
Originally denoted someone from Sciacca, Italy.
SCIARRAItalian
From Sicilian sciarra meaning "quarrel, dispute", originally a nickname for a quarrelsome person.
SCOLAItalian
From Italian scuola meaning "school".
SCORDATOItalian
Means "forgotten, left behind".
SCOTTEnglish, Scottish
Originally given to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic.
SCOTTIItalian
From the given name Francescotto, a diminutive of FRANCESCO.
SCRIVENEnglish
Means "writer, clerk, scribe" in Old French, derived from Latin scriba.
SCULLYIrish
Anglicized form of Ó SCOLAIDHE.
SCUTESEItalian
Possibly means "Scottish" from Italian scozzeze.
SEABROOKEEnglish
Denoted a person from Seabrook (Bucks), England.
SEAVEREnglish
From the given name SEVERUS.
SEBASTIANIItalian
Derived from the given name SEBASTIANO.
SEBASTINOItalian
Diminutive form of SEBASTIAN.
SEDLÁČEKCzech
Diminutive form of SEDLAK.
SEDLAKCzech
Means farmer in Czech (from the Slavic root sed, set meaning "to sit, stay"). A sedlak had more land than a Zahradník or a Chalupník, but less land than a Dvořák.
SEEGERGerman
From the given name SIEGER.
SEEGERSDutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEELENDutch
Variant of CEELEN.
SEELENFREUNDGerman, Jewish
From German seele meaning "soul" and freund meaning "friend".
SEGAL (1)Jewish
Acronym of the Hebrew phrase SeGan Levia meaning "second rank Levite".
SEGAL (2)French
Means "grower, seller of rye" from Old French segal.
SEGERSDutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEGHERSDutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEGRETIItalian
Means "confidant" from the Old Italian segreto.
SEIDELGerman, Jewish
From the German word seidel meaning "beer mug".
SELBYEnglish
From the name of a village which meant "willow farm" in Old English.
SELMONEItalian
Originally indicated a person from Selmone (Sulmona), Italy.
SELVAGGIOItalian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SEMPERSEnglish
From the name of the city of Saint PIERRE in France.
SENFT (1)German
Means "mustard seller" from German Senf(t).
SENFT (2)German
Nickname for a helpful, kind person from Middle High German senfte meaning "soft, accommodating".
SENIOREnglish
Originally a name for the elder of two brothers.
SEPPÄFinnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
SEPPÄNENFinnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
SEPÚLVEDASpanish
Derived from the name of the Sepulveda valley in the mountains of Segovia, and was originally used to denote people from that region. It is possibly derived from Spanish sepultar "to bury".
SERAFIMPortuguese
Derived from the Latin given name Seraphinus which was derived from the Hebrew serafim which was the name of a class of angels in the Bible whose name originally was derived from saraf meaning "to burn".
ȘERBANRomanian
Means "a Serb" in Romanian.
SERESHungarian
Dialectical variant of SÖRÖS.
SERGEANTEnglish, French
Occupational name derived from Middle English sergent "servant".
SERPICOItalian
Means "serpent, reptile" from Italian serpe.
SESSAItalian
Means "from Sessa, Italy".
SESSIONSEnglish
Anglicized form of Soissons (a city outside of Paris).
SEVČIKCzech
Occupational name for one who made or sold shoes: a shoemaker.
SEVERIJNSDutch
Derived from the given name Severinus (see SEVERINO).
SÉVERINFrench
Derived from the given name SÉVERIN.
SEWARD (1)English
Derived from the given name SIGEWEARD.
SEWARD (2)English
Means "swineherd" from Old English su "pig" and hierde "herdsman".
SEWARD (3)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SUAIRD.
SEWICKUkrainian
Means "grey" in Ukrainian.
SEXTONEnglish
Occupational name for a sexton (Middle English sexteyn), a person who is a caretaker for a church or graveyard.
SEYMOUR (1)English
From Saint Maur, a French place name, which commemorates Saint MAURUS.
SEYMOUR (2)English
From an English place name, derived from Old English "sea" and mere "lake".
SGROItalian
Means "curly-haired" from Greek sgouros.
SHAFIRJewish
Ornamental surname meaning "sapphire" from Yiddish shafir.
SHAINJewish
Ornamental surname meaning "beautiful, handsome" from German schön.
SHAKESHEAVEEnglish
Means "shake shaft" from Old English shake "shake" and sceaft "shaft".
SHANNONIrish
From Irish Ó Seanáin which means "descendant of SEANÁN".
SHAPIROJewish
From Hebrew shapir which means "pretty, lovely".
SHARMAIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Nepali
Means "joy, shelter, comfort" in Sanskrit.
SHARPEnglish
Nickname for a keen person, from Old English scearp "sharp".
SHARROWEnglish
Originally a name for someone from Sharrow, England.
SHAWEnglish
Originally given to a person who lived near a sceaga, Old English meaning "thicket".
SHEAIrish
Anglicized form of Ó SÉAGHDHA.
SHEEDYIrish
Anglicized form of Ó SÍODA.
SHEEHYIrish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic given name SÍTHEACH.
SHEHUAlbanian
From the Arabic title شيخ (shaykh) meaning "sheik".
SHEINFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful field" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field".
SHELBYEnglish
Variant of SELBY.
SHELTONEnglish
From the name of various English towns, meaning "shelf wood".
SHEPARDEnglish
Occupational name meaning "shepherd, sheep herder".
SHERAZIUrdu
Urdu form of SHIRAZI.
SHERBURNEEnglish
Denoted a person hailing from any of the various places called Sherborne or Sherburn in England.
SHERIDANIrish
From the Irish name Ó Sirideáin meaning "descendant of Sirideán". The given name Sirideán means "searcher".
SHERMAN (1)English
Literally "shear man", referring to someone who used shears in his line of work, such as a sheep-shearer.
SHERMAN (2)Jewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from sher "scissors".
SHIMIZUJapanese
From Japanese (shi) meaning "clear, pure, clean" and (mizu) meaning "water".
SHINE (1)English
Means "beautiful, attractive" from Old English sciene.
SHINE (2)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SEIGHIN.
SHIRAZIPersian
Originally denoted someone who came from the city of Shiraz, located in southern Iran. The city's name is possibly of Elamite origin.
SHORTEnglish
From a nickname for a short person, from Middle English schort.
SHRIVERGerman
Occupational name referring to an official or public writer, from German schreiben "to write".
SHWETZUkrainian
Means "shoemaker" in Ukrainian.
SIDDALLEnglish
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English sid "wide" and halh "nook, recess".
SIDNEYEnglish
Originally derived from various place names in England meaning "wide island", from Old English sid "wide" and eg "island". Another theory holds that it comes from the name of a town in Normandy called "Saint DENIS", though evidence for this is lacking.
SIEGEL (1)German
Means "maker of seals or signet rings".
SIEGEL (2)German
Derived from diminutive forms of Germanic names beginning with the element sigi meaning "victory".
SIEGERGerman
From the given name SIEGER.
SIEKERTGerman
Derived from the given name SIEGBERT.
SIEMONGerman
Variant of SIMON.
SIENAItalian
Indicated a person from Siena in Italy.
SIENKIEWICZPolish
Patronymic from the given name Sienko, a diminutive of the archaic name Siemion, a form of SIMON (1). This was the surname of the Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916).
SIERRASpanish
Means "dweller on a hill range, ridge" from the Old Occitan serre.
SIERZANTPolish
Means "sergeant" in Polish.
SILJENorwegian
Derived from the given name SILJE.
SILVAPortuguese, Spanish
From Spanish or Portuguese silva "forest".
SILVEIRAPortuguese
Means "forests" in Old Portuguese.
SILVERSTEINGerman, Jewish
Means "silver stone" from German Silber and Stein. It was adopted when Jews in Europe were compelled to take surnames in the early part of the 19th century.
SILVESTRIItalian
Derived from the given name SILVESTER.
ŠIMEKCzech
Derived from the name Šimek, a diminutive of ŠIMON.
SIMENGerman
Variant of SIMON.
SIMEONOVBulgarian
Means "son of SIMEON".
SIMMONGerman
Variant of SIMON.
SIMMONSEnglish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SIMMSEnglish
Derived from the medieval given name Sim, a short form of SIMON (1).
SIMÕESPortuguese
Means "son of SIMON (1)" in Portuguese.
SIMONCzech, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Jewish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SIMONEITGerman
From the given name SIMON (1).
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