Surnames Starting with T

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TACHIBANAJapanese
From Japanese (tachibana) meaning "orange, tangerine".
TAFANIItalian
From the nickname tafano meaning "gadfly", indicating an annoying person.
TAFTEnglish
Variant of TOFT.
TAGGARTIrish, Scottish
Anglicized form of Irish Mac an tSagairt meaning "son of the priest". This name comes from a time when the rules of priestly celibacy were not strictly enforced.
TÄHTINENFinnish
Derived from the given name TÄHTI.
TAILLERFrench
Means "tailor" from Old French tailleur.
TAKÁCSHungarian
Means "weaver" in Hungarian.
TAKAHASHIJapanese
From Japanese (taka) meaning "tall, high" and (hashi) meaning "bridge".
TAKALAFinnish
Means "(dweller in the) back", probably denoting someone who lived in a remote area, from Finnish taka.
TAKENAKAJapanese
Means "dweller amongst bamboo", from Japanese (take) meaning "bamboo" and (naka) meaning "middle".
TAMAROItalian
Possibly from the Germanic given name THIETMAR. It is typical of the area around Trieste in northern Italy.
TAMÁSHungarian
Derived from the given name TAMÁS.
TAMBOIAItalian
Possibly means "drummer", from Italian tamburo meaning "drum".
TAMBOLIIndian, Marathi
From the Sanskrit word ताम्बूल (tambula) meaning "betel leaves". These leaves are used in rituals and worship, and the name was originally given to a person who grew or sold them.
TANTaiwanese
Min Nan romanization of CHEN.
TANAKAJapanese
Means "dweller in the rice fields", from Japanese (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy" and (naka) meaning "middle".
TANGChinese
From Chinese (táng) referring to the Tang dynasty, which ruled China from 618 to 907.
TANGEMANGerman
Originally indicated a person from a place named Tange in northern Germany.
TANNEREnglish
Occupational name for a person who tanned animal hides, from Old English tannian "to tan", itself from Late Latin and possibly ultimately of Celtic origin.
TANZERGerman
Means "dancer" in German, derived from Middle High German tanzen "to dance".
TANZIItalian
From a short form of the given name COSTANZO.
TAPIASpanish
Means "mud wall" in Spanish.
TARHungarian
Derived from Hungarian tar meaning "bald".
TARANTINOItalian
Locational name that originally designated a person who came from Taranto, a city in southeast Italy, which was originally called Ταρας (Taras) by Greek colonists. A famous bearer of this name is the American director Quentin Tarantino (1963-).
TARPINIANArmenian
Variant transcription of DARBINYAN.
TARRHungarian
Variant of TAR.
TASHEnglish
From Middle English at asche meaning "at the ash tree".
TASKEREnglish
From Middle English taske meaning "task, assignment". A tasker was a person who had a fixed job to do, particularly a person who threshed grain with a flail.
TASSEFrench
From Old French tasse "purse, bag", an occupational name for a maker or seller of purses.
TATEEnglish
Derived from the Old English given name TATA.
TATHAMEnglish
From the name of the town of Tatham in Lancashire, itself from the Old English given name TATA combined with ham meaning "homestead".
TATTONEnglish
Originally indicated a person from a town by this name, derived from the Old English given name TATA combined with tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
TATUMEnglish
Variant of TATHAM.
TAUBEGerman
From a nickname meaning meaning "dove" in German.
TAVERNAItalian
From the place name Taverna, common in different parts of Italy. It means "inn, tavern" in Italian.
TAWFEEKArabic
Variant transcription of TAWFIQ.
TAWFIQArabic
From the given name TAWFIQ.
TAYLOREnglish
Derived from Old French tailleur meaning "tailor", ultimately from Latin taliare "to cut".
TCHAIKOVSKYRussian
Variant transcription of CHAYKOVSKY.
TEAGANIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Tadhgáin meaning "descendant of TADHGÁN".
TEAGUE (1)Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Taidhg meaning "descendant of TADHG".
TEAGUE (2)Cornish
From Cornish tek meaning "fair, beautiful".
TEDESCOItalian
From Italian tedesco meaning "German".
TEELEnglish
From Middle English tele meaning "teal, duck".
TEHRANIPersian
Indicated a person from the Iranian city of Tehran, of unknown meaning.
TEKE (1)Turkish
Originally denoted someone from Teke, Turkey.
TEKE (2)Turkish
Occupational name for a goat herder, from Turkish teke "goat".
TENNFJORDNorwegian
Originally denoted a person from Tennfjord, Norway.
TENNISONEnglish
Means "son of DENIS".
TENNYSONEnglish
Means "son of DENIS".
TER AVESTDutch
Means "at the edge, eave" indicating a person who lived at the edge of a forest or under a covered shelter.
TERRANOVAItalian
Means "new land" in Italian.
TERRAZASSpanish
Originally a name for a person from Terrazas in the Spanish city of Burgos, a place name meaning "terraces".
TERRELLEnglish
Probably derived from the Norman French nickname tirel meaning "to pull", referring to a stubborn person.
TERRYEnglish
Derived from the medieval name Thierry, a Norman French form of THEODORIC.
TERZIItalian
From the given name TERZO, or a name for a third child.
TERZİTurkish
Means "tailor" in Turkish, ultimately of Persian origin.
TERZIĆBosnian
From Bosnian terzija meaning "tailor", ultimately of Persian origin.
TESAŘCzech
Means "carpenter" in Czech, ultimately from the Slavic word tesla meaning "adze".
TESAŘIKCzech
Diminutive of TESAŘ.
TESSAROItalian
Occupational name meaning "weaver", ultimately from Latin texarius.
TESTAItalian
From an Italian nickname meaning "head".
TEUFELGerman
From a nickname meaning "devil" in German, given to a mischievous person or one who was devil-like.
TEUNISSENDutch
Means "son of TEUNIS".
THACKEREnglish
Northern Middle English variant of THATCHER.
THATCHEREnglish
Referred to a person who thatched roofs by attaching straw to them, derived from Old English þæc meaning "thatch".
THAYERFrench
Americanized form of TAILLER.
THEUNISSENDutch
Means "son of THEUNIS".
THIBAULTFrench
Derived from the given name THIBAULT.
THOMASEnglish, French
Derived from the given name THOMAS.
THOMPSETTEnglish
From a diminutive form of the given name THOMAS.
THOMPSONEnglish
Means "son of THOMAS".
THORBURNEnglish, Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse given name ÞÓRBJÖRN.
THORLEYEnglish
From any of the various places in England called Thornley or Thorley, meaning "thorn clearing" in Old English.
THORNEnglish, Danish
Originally applied to a person who lived in or near a thorn bush.
THORNEEnglish
Variant of THORN.
THORNTONEnglish
From any of the various places in England by this name, meaning "thorn town" in Old English.
THORPEEnglish
From Old Norse þorp meaning "village".
THORSENDanish, Norwegian
Means "son of THOR".
THRUSSELLEnglish
From Old English þrostle meaning "song thrush", referring to a cheerful person.
THURSTANEnglish
Derived from the Old Norse name ÞÓRSTEINN.
THWAITEEnglish
Indicated a dweller in a forest clearing or pasture, from Old Norse þveit "clearing, pasture".
TIEDEMANNLow German
Derived from the given name TIEDEMANN.
TIERNEYIrish
From the Irish Ó Tíghearnaigh meaning "descendant of TIGHEARNACH".
TIFFTEnglish
Variant of TOFT.
TIGHEIrish
Anglicized form of Ó TAIDHG.
TİLKİTurkish
From a nickname meaning "fox" in Turkish.
TILLENSFlemish
From the Germanic name Thietilo, a medieval diminutive of DIETRICH.
TÍMÁRHungarian
Occupational name meaning "tanner" in Hungarian.
TIMBERLAKEEnglish
From an English place name, derived from Old English timber "timber, wood" and lacu "lake, pool, stream".
TINDALLEnglish
From Tindale, the name of a town in Cumbria, derived from the name of the river Tyne combined with Old English dæl "dale, valley".
TINKEREnglish
Occupational name for a mender of kettles, pots and pans. The name could derive from the tinking sound made by light hammering on metal. It is possible that the word comes from the word tin, the material with which the tinker worked.
TIPTONEnglish
Originally given to one who came from the town of Tipton, derived from the Old English given name Tippa combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town".
TIRABOSCHIItalian
Possibly of Germanic origin meaning "shepherd". This surname is typical of Lombardy.
TİRYAKİTurkish
Possibly from a nickname meaning "stubborn" in Turkish.
TISZAHungarian
From the river name Tisza, Hungary's second largest river.
TITTENSOREnglish
Indicated a person from Tittensor, England, which means "Titten's ridge".
TIVOLIItalian
Derived from the resort town of Tivoli, near Rome, originally called Tibur in Latin, of uncertain origin.
TJÄDERSwedish
Means "wood grouse" in Swedish.
TOBIASEnglish, German, Jewish
From the given name TOBIAS.
TOBINEnglish
From a diminutive of the given name TOBIAS.
TODEnglish
Variant of TODD.
TODAROItalian
From a regional form of a given name Todaro, a variant of TEODORO. It is quite common in Sicily.
TODDEnglish
Means "fox", derived from Middle English todde.
TODOROVBulgarian
Means "son of TODOR".
TOFTEnglish
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many places in Britain of that name, derived from Old Norse topt meaning "homestead".
TOIVONENFinnish
Derived from the given name TOIVO.
TOLBERTEnglish
Possibly from a Germanic given name of unknown meaning, the second element of the name is derived from beraht meaning "bright, famous".
TOLEDANOSpanish
Derived from the name of the city of Toledo in Spain, which was from Latin Toletum, which may have been derived from a Celtic word meaning "hill".
TOLKIENGerman
Derived from the Saxon Tollkühn meaning "foolhardy". A famous bearer was the English author J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973).
TOLLEMACHEEnglish
Means "knapsack" in Old French.
TOLLEREnglish
Occupational name meaning "tax gatherer", derived from Old English toln "toll, fee, tax".
TOLONIItalian
Derived from the given name BARTOLOMEO.
TOLVAJHungarian
Means "thief" in Hungarian.
TOMÀSCatalan
Derived from the given name TOMÀS.
TÓMASSONIcelandic
Means "son of TÓMAS".
TOMASSONSwedish
Means "son of TOMAS".
TOMČIĆSerbian, Croatian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name TOMA (2).
TOMOVBulgarian
Means "son of TOMA (2)".
TOOLEIrish
Variant of O'TOOLE.
TORDAIHungarian
From Torda, the Hungarian name of the city of Turda in Romania (formerly within the Kingdom of Hungary).
TORNINCASAItalian
From a medieval Italian name given to a boy born after the death of a previous one, derived from Italian ritorna in casa "come back home".
TÖRÖKHungarian
Means "Turkish" in Hungarian.
TOROSIANArmenian
Variant transcription of TOROSYAN.
TOROSYANArmenian
Means "son of TOROS" in Armenian.
TORRESSpanish, Portuguese
Name for a person who lived in or near a tower, ultimately from Latin turris.
TOSSpanish
Spanish form of TOSI.
TOSELLCatalan
Catalan form of TOSI.
TOSELLIItalian
Diminutive form of TOSI.
TOSETCatalan
Catalan form of TOSI.
TOSETTIItalian
Diminutive form of TOSI.
TOSIItalian
Means "clean-shaven", usually denoting a younger man, from Latin tonsus "shaved".
TOSTOItalian
From a nickname for a tough, stubborn person, from Italian tosto "hard, tough".
TÓTHungarian
Derived from Hungarian tót, which means "Slovak" or "Slovene".
TÓTHHungarian
Variant of TÓT.
TOWNSENDEnglish
Indicated a person who lived at the town's edge, from Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town" and ende "end, limit".
TRACEY (1)English
From the village of Tracy-sur-mer on the Normandy coast in France. It was brought to England with William the Conqueror.
TRACEY (2)Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Treasaigh meaning "descendant of TREASACH".
TRẦNVietnamese
Vietnamese form of CHEN, from Sino-Vietnamese (trần).
TRANVietnamese
Simplified variant of TRẦN.
TRAPANIItalian
From the name of the Sicilian city of Trapani, derived from Greek δρεπανη (drepane) meaning "sickle".
TRASKEnglish
Originally indicated a person from Thirsk, North Yorkshire, derived from Old Norse þresk meaning "fen, marsh".
TRAVERFrench
French variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVEREFrench
French variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVERSEnglish, French
From an English and French place name that described a person who lived near a bridge or ford, or occasionally as an occupational name for the collector of tolls at such a location. The place name is derived from Old French traverser (which comes from Late Latin transversare), which means "to cross".
TRAVERSAItalian
Italian form of TRAVERS.
TRAVERSEFrench
French variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVERSIItalian
Italian form of TRAVERS.
TRAVERSINIItalian
Italian variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVERSOItalian
Italian form of TRAVERS.
TRAVERTFrench
French variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVESEnglish
English variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVIESOSpanish
Spanish form of TRAVERS.
TRAVISEnglish
English variant of TRAVERS.
TRAVISSEnglish
English variant of TRAVERS.
TRAYLOREnglish
Meaning unknown.
TRELOAREnglish
Originally denoted a person from a place of this name in Cornwall, England.
TREMBLAYFrench
From French tremble meaning "aspen".
TRENGOVEEnglish
Originally indicated a person from Trengove in Cornwall, England.
TRENTEnglish
Denoted one who lived near the River Trent in England.
TREVISEnglish
English variant of TRAVERS.
TREVORWelsh
Originally from a place name meaning "big village" from Welsh tref "village" and mawr "large".
TRIFONOVBulgarian
Means "son of TRIFON".
TRIGGSEnglish
From a byname derived from Old Norse tryggr meaning "true, loyal".
TRITTENGerman
Originally denoted someone who lived by a set of steps, from Middle High German trit "step".
TROELSENDanish
Means "son of TROELS".
TRUCCOItalian
Denoted a person coming from a place of this name in northern Italy.
TRUDUSardinian
Means "thrush" in Sardinian (from Latin turdus).
TRUJILLOSpanish
Originally denoted a person from Trujillo, Spain, originally called Turgalium in Latin.
TRUMANEnglish
Means "trusty man" in Middle English. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972).
TRUMBAUERGerman
Possibly from Middle High German trame "rafter, frame" and bauer "peasant, neighbour".
TSCHIDAGerman
Possibly derived from a Slavic given name of unknown meaning.
TSUKUDAJapanese
From Japanese (tsukuda) meaning "cultivated rice field".
TSVETKOVBulgarian
Means "son of TSVETKO".
TUCKEREnglish
Occupational name for a fuller of cloth, derived from Old English tucian meaning "offend, torment".
TUFFEnglish
Variant of TUFT.
TUFTEnglish
Denoted one who lived near a clump of trees or bushes, from Middle English tufte "tuft, clump", from Old French.
TUMICELLIItalian
Possibly from a diminutive of the given name BARTOLOMEO.
TUNISONDutch
Americanized form of TEUNISSEN.
TUPPEREnglish
Occupational name for a herdsman, derived from Middle English toupe "ram".
TURATIItalian
From the name of the town of Turate near Como in Lombardy.
TURCHIItalian
Means "Turkish" in Italian.
TURNBULLEnglish, Scottish
Nickname for someone thought to be strong enough to turn around a bull.
TURNEREnglish
Occupational name for one who worked with a lathe, derived from Old English turnian "to turn", of Latin origin.
TYLEREnglish
Occupational name for a tiler of roofs, derived from Old English tigele "tile". A famous bearer of this name was American president John Tyler (1790-1862).
TYSON (1)English
Derived from a nickname for a quarrelsome person, from Old French tison meaning "firebrand".