Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
Means "chance, luck"
in French, a nickname for a lucky person.
Means "the chapel"
in French, most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Means "the cross"
in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
Derived from Lassy
, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius
Occupational name for a greengrocer, meaning "vegetables"
in southern Italian dialects, ultimately from Greek λάχανον (lachanon)
From a nickname derived from Ligurian lagö
, referring to a type of lizard, the European green lizard. This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers.
Occupational name meaning "sentry, sentinel"
in Italian, also a locative name referring to a person who lived near a watchtower. Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun)
meaning "water barrel"
. It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Derived from the name place Lama
, common in Italy.
LAMAR French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, derived from Old French la mare
meaning "the pool".
From the name of the animal, perhaps a nickname for a shy person.
From the name of the village of Lamon near the city of Belluno in Veneto, Italy.
LANDAU German, Jewish
Derived from the town of Landau in the Palatinate region of Germany, of Old High German origin meaning "land valley".
LANE (1) English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2) French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool"
, designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3) Irish
From Irish Ó Luain
meaning "descendant of Luan"
, a given name meaning "warrior".
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland, derived from lang
means "wide" and broek
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill"
LANGLEY (1) English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang
"long" and leah
Derived from Czech lán
, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and is considered a Moravian equivalent of Sedlák
Means "minstrel, bard, lutist"
in Hungarian, from lant
Means "the point (of a lance)"
in French, possibly a nickname for a soldier.
From the name of the town of Laterza near Taranto in Apulia. It is typical of southern Italy.
From a nickname for a person who took big steps, from Finnish laukka
meaning "canter, gallop"
From the name of the town of Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
Means "the vineyard"
in French, referring to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
Means "the road, the lane"
in French, a name for someone who lived close to a road.
Derived from the given name LAURENCE (1)
. Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
Derived from the name of English towns, meaning "town with a leek garden" in Old English.
Originally indicated a person who was a physician, from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
From the name of various places called Livet in Normandy, France. They are possibly of Gaulish origin.
Nickname for a handsome person, from French le
"the" and beau
Means "the white"
, from French blanc
"white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
From a nickname meaning "the brown"
, from French brun
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, southern Italy. The town was known as Licea
in Latin, earlier Lupiae
From French écuyer
meaning "squire, shield-bearer"
From the name of English places called Lydford
, derived from hlud
meaning "loud, noisy" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
LEE (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah
, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing"
Means "lion's corner"
in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek
) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort
) in the city of Delft.
Occupational name meaning "blacksmith"
in Old French, derived from Latin faber
From Middle High German lehenman
meaning "vassal, liege man"
From Old High German loh
meaning "meadow, clearing"
Referred to one who lived on a hillside, from Middle High German lite "slope"
Either from Leitzkau
, the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, or from a diminutive of the given name Leutz
, a variant of LUTZ
Means "the mayor"
in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
Derived from the place name Leymieux
, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
LENIN Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov
. He probably adopted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin
, which means "descendant of Leannán"
. The given name Leannán
means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd
in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
From a nickname meaning "springtime"
Means "the red"
, from Old French ros
"red". This was a nickname for a person with red hair.
From a Scottish clan name, earlier Lesselyn
, derived from a place name in Aberdeenshire, itself probably from Gaelic leas celyn
meaning "garden of holly".
From the Polish estate name Lewandów
, which is itself possibly derived from a personal name or from lawenda
LEWIS (1) English
Derived from the given name LEWIS
. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
LI (1) Chinese
From Chinese 李 (lǐ)
meaning "plum, plum tree"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
From Chinese 廖 (liào)
referring to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia
by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo
"lake, pool" and Latin colonia
"colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
From Swedish lind
"linden tree" and gren
"branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
in Finnish. A famous namesake is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), Finnish author of The Unknown Soldier
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
Originally from place names meaning "linden tree forest" in Old English.
in Polish, a nickname for a sly person.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir
meaning "son of the arrow maker"
Habitation name meaning derived from Celtic roots meaning "pool hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
Meaning simply "little"
, it was originally a nickname given to a short person.
From Chinese 刘 (liú)
meaning "kill, destroy"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd
From Locatello, a town in Lombardy, northern Italy, near the city of Bergamo.
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow"
, derived from Gaelic lag
From various place names in the Netherlands, derived from Old Dutch loh
meaning "meadow, clearing".
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region of northern Italy, which was named for the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century.
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
Occupational name for an official who was equipped with a ceremonial staff, or a nickname for a tall person.
From the Old English given name Lufu
From a nickname derived from a Norman French lou
and a diminutive suffix.
LOYOLA Spanish, Basque
From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi
meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
From Chinese 吕 (lǚ)
meaning "musical note" and also referring to the former state of Lu, which was situated in what is now Henan province.
From the name of towns in England called Lumb
, probably from Old English lum "pool"
From various places in Spain meaning "moon".
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr
. There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
From an Italian form of Lusatia
, a region of eastern Germany.
From Irish Ó Loingsigh
meaning "descendant of Loingseach"
, a given name meaning "mariner".
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Scotland.
From the name of a town in Norfolk (King's Lynn), derived from Welsh llyn
LYON (1) English, French
Originally denoted a person from the city of Lyon in central France, originally Latin Lugdunum
, of Gaulish origin meaning "hill fort of LUGUS
". It could also denote a person from the small town of Lyons-la-Forêt in Normandy.