Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
Means "the chapel" in French. It was most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Sardinian surname from a name of the town Làconi near the city of Nuoro.
Derived from Lassy
, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name which was Latinized as Lascius
Derived from Greek dialects that are spoken in southern Italy, namely in Calabria. It is an occupational surname meaning "greengrocer" (ortolano
in Italian). Surnames derived from Greek dialects often end with an accent on final the a
Locative surname of Genoa and surroundings derived from the place name Lagomarsino (near Genoa).
From a nickname meaning "green-lizard". This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers. The surname is typical of the Genoa region.
Originally an occupational surname meaning "sentry" or "sentinel". It also had a locative meaning "watchtower". Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
Patronymic name derived from Russian lagun
"water barrel". It was most likely used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Derived from the name place Lama
, quite common around Italy.
LAMAR French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare
meaning "the pool".
Locative surname from the name of a village near the city of Belluno. This surname is from the area of Venice.
LANE (1) English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2) French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3) Irish
From Irish Ó Luain
meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland. In this context lang
means "wide" and broek
means "meadow". This surname was given to people living in Langbroek.
Derived from an Old English place name meaning "long hill" (effectively meaning "ridge").
LANGLEY (1) English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang
"long" and leah
Derived from Czech lan
, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and thus is considered a Moravian cognate of SEDLAK
Frisian for "of the land", or "from the land". It could be understood as "works the land".
Means "minstrel, bard" from the Hungarian word lant
Means "point of a lance" in French. The name was originally a nickname for a soldier.
Typical of southern Italy: it comes from the place name Laterza, a town near Taranto in the Puglia region.
From the name of the town Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
Means "son of LAWRENCE
". It is rather rare in mainly Flanders, Belgium, and often families were either spelled Lauwens
(a bit more common) in the Duchy of Flanders and the Duchy of Brabant (14th century and further). These former regions nowadays are part of Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. In some occasions, the name can be found in the former Burgundy, and thus includes the contemporary Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and part of Germany.
Means "the vineyard" in French. The name referred to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
Derived from French voie
"road". The name started as a nickname for someone who lived close to a road.
Derived from the given name LAURENCE (1)
. Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
Derived from a place name meaning "settlement with a leek garden" in Old English.
Originally indicated a person who was a physician. It comes from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
From Livet, a region in Normandy, France. Vikings conquered the area and a particular family had taken up the name by the time of the Battle of Hastings 1066, when William the Conqueror invaded England.
Means "the handsome one" from French le
"the" and beau
Means "the white", from French blanc
"white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, Italy.
Literally means "the shield-bearer" in French. The name was used to denote an esquire (a person of the nobility one rank below a knight).
Means "path leading across a ford" from Old English lædan
, Middle English leden
"to lead" and ford
, a shallow area in a stream that may be crossed by wading.
LEE (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah
, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing".
Means "lion's corner" in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek
) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort
) in the city of Delft.
Variant of LEFÈVRE
, the spelling most likely influenced by the Latin word faber
From French forger
meaning "to forge". This was an occupational last name taken by blacksmiths, equivalent to the English Smith
Sicilian surname indicating a "light" person, not serious, superficial.
From Middle High German lehenman
"vassal, liege man".
Referred to one who dwells on the hillside; one who came from the Leite
"slope". This is the name of several places in Germany.
Derived from either Leitzkau
, a town close to Magdeburg, Germany, or from LEITZ
Means "the mayor" in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
Derived from the place name Leymieux
, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin
, which means "descendant of Leannán". The given name Leannán
means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd
in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
Means "the king" in French. It referred to one connected in some way with a king's household or one who played the part of a king in a pageant or a play.
From a Scottish place name, probably derived from Gaelic leas celyn
meaning "garden of holly".
Derived from French évêque
meaning "bishop", ultimately derived from Greek episkopos
LEWIS (1) English
Derived from the given name LEWIS
. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
LI (1) Chinese
From Chinese 李 (lǐ)
meaning "plum, plum tree". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
From Chinese 廖 (liào)
which refers to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia
by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo
"lake, pool" and Latin colonia
"colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
Means "branch of a lime tree" from Swedish lind
"lime tree" and gren
"branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
Derived from the Swedish words lind
"linden tree" and qvist
Means "linden stream", and is derived from the swedish words lind
meaning "linden (lime) tree", and ström
which means "stream".
Means "castle". A famous namesake in Finland is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), author of 'The Unknown Soldier'.
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "lime tree town" in Old English.
Refers to one who came from Linivilla, meaning "Lennius's estate", now Ninville, in France.
Originally derived from a place name meaning "stream forest" in Old English.
Means "fox" in Polish. It is a nickname for a sly person.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir
meaning "son of the arrow maker".
Habitation name meaning "pool, damp, hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
From Chinese 刘 (liú)
meaning "kill, destroy". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
From the Swedish name of the heather plant. There are many combinations of this name in Sweden, for example Ljungberg
"heather mountain", Ljungblad
"heather leaf", and so on.
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd
From Locatello, a place in Lombardy near the city of Bergamo in Northern Italy.
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow".
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region in Italy. The region got its name from the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century.
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
Name for a tipstaff or beadle who carried a long staff as a badge of office, or else referred to someone who was very tall.
From a place name: dahl
means "valley" in Norwegian, and Losne
is a place in Norway.
From the Old English given name Lufu
Derived from a Norman French nickname, from lou
"wolf" and a diminutive suffix.
LOYOLA Spanish, Basque
From Basque loya
meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
From Chinese 吕 (lǚ)
meaning "musical note" and also referring to the former state of Lu, which was situated in what is now Henan province.
From places in Lancashire and West Yorkshire called Lumb, both apparently originally named for Old English lum(m)
"pool". The word is not independently attested, but appears also in Lomax and Lumley, and may be reflected in the dialect term lum
denoting a well for collecting water in a mine. In some instances the name may be topographical for someone who lived by a pool, Middle English lum(m)
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr
meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
From Irish Ó Loingsigh
meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
Originally from a place name meaning "lime tree hill" in Old English.
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Ayrshire, Peeblesshire, and Wigtownshire.
LYON (1) English, French
Habitational name from either the Lyon in southern central France, or Lyons-la-Forêt in Eure, Normandy.