Surnames Starting with L

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LAAKKONEN Finnish
Possibly from a diminutive of the given name NIKLAS.
LAAKSONEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish laakso meaning "valley".
LABELLE French
Means "fair, beautiful" in French.
LABRIOLA Italian
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
LACEY English
Variant of LACY.
LACHANCE French
Means "chance, luck" in French, a nickname for a lucky person.
LACHAPELLE French
Means "the chapel" in French, most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
LÀCONI Sardinian
From the name of the town of Làconi on Sardinia, Italy.
LACY English
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius.
LAFRENTZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LAFRENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LAGANÀ Italian
Occupational name for a greengrocer, meaning "vegetables" in southern Italian dialects, ultimately from Greek λαχανον (lachanon).
LAGER Swedish
Means "laurel" in Swedish.
LAGOMARSINO Italian
Derived from the name of the village of Lagomarsino near Genoa.
LAGORIO Italian
From a nickname derived from Ligurian lagö, referring to a type of lizard, the European green lizard. This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers.
LAGOUNOV Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Лагунов (see LAGUNOV).
LAGUARDIA Italian
Occupational name meaning "sentry, sentinel" in Italian, also a locative name referring to a person who lived near a watchtower. Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
LAGUNOV Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun) meaning "water barrel". It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
LAHTI Finnish
Means "bay, cove" in Finnish.
LAKATOS Hungarian
Means "locksmith" in Hungarian, a word of Romance origin.
LAM Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIN.
LAMA Italian
Derived from the name place Lama, common in Italy.
LAMAR French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, derived from Old French la mare meaning "the pool".
LAMARRE French
Variant of LAMAR.
LAMBERT French
Derived from the given name LAMBERT.
LAMBERTI Italian
Derived from the given name LAMBERTO.
LAMON Italian
From the name of the village of Lamon near the city of Belluno in Veneto, Italy.
LANDAU German, Jewish
Derived from the town of Landau in the Palatinate region of Germany, of Old High German origin meaning "land valley".
LANDI Italian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDO Italian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDOLFI Italian
From the given name Landolfo, Italian form of the Germanic name LANDULF.
LANDVIK Norwegian
From the name of a Norwegian town meaning "land inlet".
LANE (1) English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2) French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3) Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
LÅNG Swedish
Swedish cognate of LONG.
LANG German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGBROEK Dutch
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland, derived from lang means "wide" and broek means "meadow".
LANGDON English
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill" (effectively "ridge").
LANGE German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGENBERG German, Dutch
From various place names meaning "long mountain" in German and Dutch.
LANGER German, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LANGLAIS French
Means "the Englishman" in French.
LANGLEY (1) English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing".
LANGLEY (2) American
Americanized spelling of LANGLAIS.
LÁNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech lán, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and is considered a Moravian equivalent of Sedlák.
LANINGA Frisian
From Frisian lân meaning "land".
LANNON Irish
Variant of LENNON.
LANTOS Hungarian
Means "minstrel, bard, lutist" in Hungarian, from lant meaning "lute".
LAPOINTE French
Means "point (of a lance)" in French, possibly a nickname for a soldier.
LARSEN Danish
Means "son of LARS".
LARSON English
Means "son of Lar", where Lar is a medieval diminutive of LAURENCE (1).
LARSSON Swedish
Means "son of LARS".
LARUE French
Means "the street" in French.
ŁASKA Polish
Means "grace, mercy" in Polish.
LÁSKA Czech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
LÁSZLÓ Hungarian
Derived from the given name LÁSZLÓ.
LATERZA Italian
From the name of the town of Laterza near Taranto in Apulia. It is typical of southern Italy.
LAU Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIU.
LAUKKANEN Finnish
From a nickname for a person who took big steps, from Finnish laukka meaning "canter, gallop".
LAURENS Dutch
From the given name LAURENS.
LAURENT French
From the given name LAURENT.
LAURENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LAURITO Italian
From the name of the town of Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
LAURITSEN Danish
Means "son of LAURITS".
LAUWENS Dutch
From the given name LAURENS.
LAUWERS Dutch
From the given name LAURENS.
LAVIGNE French
Means "the vineyard" in French, referring to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
LAVOIE French
Means "the road, the lane" in French, a name for someone who lived close to a road.
LAW English
Derived from Old English hlaw "hill".
ŁAWNICZAK Polish
From Polish ławnik meaning "alderman".
LAWRENCE English
Derived from the given name LAURENCE (1). Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
LAWRENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LAWSON English
Means "son of LAURENCE (1)".
LAYTON English
Derived from the name of English towns, meaning "town with a leek garden" in Old English.
LÁZÁR Hungarian
From the given name LÁZÁR.
LAZAROV Bulgarian
Means "son of LAZAR".
LAZZARI Italian
Means "son of LAZZARO".
Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of LI (2), from Sino-Vietnamese ().
LEACH English
Originally indicated a person who was a physician, from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
LÉANDRE French
Derived from the given name LÉANDRE.
LEARY Irish
Variant of O'LEARY.
LEAVITT English
From the name of various places called Livet in Normandy, France. They are possibly of Gaulish origin.
LEBEAU French
Nickname for a handsome person, from French le "the" and beau "beautiful, handsome".
LEBLANC French
Means "the white", from French blanc "white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
LECCE Italian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, southern Italy. The town was known as Licea or Litium in Latin, earlier Lupiae.
LECCESE Italian
Variant of LECCE.
LECLAIR French
Either a variant of LECLERC or from French clair meaning "bright".
LECLERC French
Means "the clerk" in French.
LÉCUYER French
From French écuyer meaning "squire, shield-bearer".
LEDFORD English
From the name of English places called Lydford, derived from hlud meaning "loud, noisy" and ford meaning "ford, river crossing".
LEE (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing".
LEE (2) Korean, Chinese
Korean form of LI (1), from Sino-Korean (i). It is also a variant Chinese romanization of LI (1).
LEEUWENHOEK Dutch
Means "lion's corner" in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort) in the city of Delft.
LEFÈVRE French
Occupational name meaning "blacksmith" in Old French, derived from Latin faber.
LEGGIÈRI Italian
Means "light, thin" in Sicilian.
LEGRAND French
Means "the tall, the large" in French.
LEHMANN German
From Middle High German lehenman meaning "vassal, liege man".
LEHR German
From Old High German loh meaning "meadow, clearing".
LEHRER Jewish
Means "teacher" in German (Yiddish לערער (lerer)).
LEHTONEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish lehto meaning "grove, small forest".
LEIFSSON Icelandic, Swedish
Means "son of LEIF".
LEIGH English
Variant of LEE (1).
LEITNER German
Referred to one who lived on a hillside, from Middle High German lite "slope".
LEITZ German
Derived from the archaic given name Leutz, a variant of LUTZ.
LEITZKE German
Either from Leitzkau, the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, or from a diminutive of the given name Leutz, a variant of LUTZ.
LEMAIRE French
Means "the mayor" in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
LÉMIEUX French
Derived from the place name Leymieux, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
LEMMI Italian
From a short form of the given name GUGLIELMO. It is typical of Tuscany.
LENGYEL Hungarian
Means "Polish" in Hungarian.
LENNARTSSON Swedish
Means "son of LENNART".
LENNON Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin, which means "descendant of Leannán". The given name Leannán means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
LENNOX Scottish
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
LENOX Scottish
Variant of LENNOX.
LENZ German
From a nickname meaning "springtime" in German.
LEONARD English
Derived from the given name LEONARD.
LEONARDSON English
Means "son of LEONARD".
LEONE Italian
Derived from the given name LEONE (1).
LEONI Italian
Derived from the given name LEONE (1).
LEROY French
Variant of REY (1), using the definite article.
LESAUVAGE French
French form of SAVAGE.
LESLIE Scottish
From a Scottish clan name, earlier Lesselyn, derived from a place name in Aberdeenshire, itself probably from Gaelic leas celyn meaning "garden of holly".
LESTRANGE French
From Old French estrange, a cognate of STRANGE.
LÉVESQUE French
Derived from French évêque, a cognate of BISHOP.
LEVI Jewish
From the given name LEVI.
LEVINE Jewish
Patronymic from the given name LEVI.
LEWERENZ German
From a northern German form of the given name LORENZ.
LEWIN English
Derived from the given name LEOFWINE.
LEWIS (1) English
Derived from the given name LEWIS. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
LEWIS (2) Welsh
Anglicized form of LLYWELYN.
LEYTON English
Variant of LAYTON.
LI (1) Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "plum, plum tree". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
LI (2) Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "black".
LIAO Chinese
From Chinese (liào) referring to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
LICHTENBERG Jewish
Means "light hill" in German.
LIEPIŅŠ Latvian
From Latvian liepa meaning "linden tree".
LIM Taiwanese
Min Nan romanization of LIN.
LIN Chinese
From Chinese (lín) meaning "forest".
LINCOLN English
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
LINDBERG Swedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and berg "mountain".
LINDEN German
Derived from Old High German linta meaning "linden tree".
LINDGREN Swedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and gren "branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
LINDHOLM Swedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and holme "small island".
LINDON English
Variant of LYNDON.
LINDQUIST Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish lind "linden tree" and qvist "twig, branch".
LINDSAY English, Scottish
From the region of Lindsey in Lincolnshire, which means "LINCOLN island" in Old English.
LINDSTRÖM Swedish
Derived from Swedish lind "linden tree" and ström "stream".
LINNA Finnish
Means "castle" in Finnish. A famous namesake is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), Finnish author of 'The Unknown Soldier'.
LINTON English
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
LINVILLE English
From an unknown place name.
LINWOOD English
Originally from place names meaning "linden tree forest" in Old English.
LIPPI Italian
From the given name FILIPPO. It is common in the area of Florence.
LIS Polish
Means "fox" in Polish, a nickname for a sly person.
LISTER Scottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir meaning "son of the arrow maker".
LITHGOW Scottish
Habitation name meaning derived from Celtic roots meaning "pool hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
LITTLE English
Meaning simply "little", it was originally a nickname given to a short person.
LIU Chinese
From Chinese (liú) meaning "kill, destroy". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
LJUNG Swedish
Means "heather" in Swedish.
LJUNGBORG Swedish
From Swedish ljung "heather" and borg "castle".
LJUNGGREN Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish ljung "heather" and gren "branch".
LJUNGMAN Swedish
From Swedish ljung "heather" and man "man".
LJUNGSTRAND Swedish
From Swedish ljung "heather" and strand "beach".
LLEWELLYN Welsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LLOYD Welsh
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd meaning "grey".
LLYWELYN Welsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LOBO Spanish, Portuguese
Originally a nickname meaning "wolf" in Spanish and Portuguese.
LOCATELLI Italian
From Locatello, a town in Lombardy, northern Italy, near the city of Bergamo.
LOCKWOOD English
From an English place name meaning "enclosed wood".
LOEWE German
Variant of LÖWE.
LÖFGREN Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish löv "leaf" and gren "branch".
LOGAN Scottish
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow", derived from Gaelic lag "hollow, pit".
LOHRENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LOMAN Dutch
From various place names in the Netherlands, derived from Old Dutch loh meaning "meadow, clearing".
LOMBARDI Italian
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region of northern Italy, which was named for the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century.
LOMIDZE Georgian
Means "son of the lion", from Georgian ლომი (lomi) meaning "lion".
LONČAR Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Means "potter", from Serbo-Croatian lonac, Slovene lonec meaning "pot".
LONDON English
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
LONG English
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
LONGO Italian
Italian cognate of LONG.
LONGSTAFF English
Occupational name for an official who was equipped with a ceremonial staff, or a nickname for a tall person.
LOPEZ Spanish
Means "son of LOPE" in Spanish.
LORENTZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORIS German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORITZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LOSA Spanish
From Spanish losa meaning "tile, slab".
LOSNEDAHL Norwegian
From Norwegian dahl meaning "valley" and Losna, a place in Norway.
LOVÁSZ Hungarian
Means "groom, stableman, ostler" in Hungarian.
LOVE English
From the Old English given name Lufu meaning "love".
LOVEL English
Variant of LOWELL.
LOVELL English
Variant of LOWELL.
LOW English
Variant of LAW.
LÖWE German, Jewish
Means "lion" in German.
LOWE (1) Jewish (Anglicized)
Americanized form of LÖWE.
LOWE (2) English
Variant of LAW.
LOWELL English
From a nickname derived from a Norman French lou meaning "wolf" and a diminutive suffix.
LOWRY English, Scottish
From a diminutive of the given name LAURENCE (1).
LOYOLA Spanish, Basque
From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
LU Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "musical note" and also referring to the former state of Lu, which was situated in what is now Henan province.
LUCAS English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch
Derived from the given name LUCAS. A famous bearer of this surname is George Lucas (1944-), the creator of the 'Star Wars' movies.
LUCASSEN Dutch
Means "son of LUCAS".
LUDVIGSEN Danish
Means "son of LUDVIG".
LUDWIG German
From the given name LUDWIG.
LUKÁCS Hungarian
From the given name LUKÁCS.
LUKESON English
Means "son of LUKE".
LUKIĆ Serbian
Means "son of LUKA".
LUM English
From the name of towns in England called Lumb, probably from Old English lum "pool".
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
LUNDBERG Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and berg "mountain".
LUNDGREN Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and gren "branch".
LUNDQUIST Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and qvist "twig, branch".
LUNGU Romanian
Romanian cognate of LONG.
LUPEI Romanian
Variant of LUPU.
LUPO Italian
From an Italian nickname meaning "wolf".
LUPU Romanian
From Romanian lup meaning "wolf".
LUSK Scottish
Possibly means "cave" in Gaelic.
LUTHER German
From the old given name LEUTHAR.
LUZZATTO Italian
From an Italian form of Lusatia, a region of eastern Germany.
LYKKE Danish
Means "happiness" in Danish.
LYNCH Irish
From Irish Ó Loingsigh meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
LYNDON English
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
LYNE Scottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Scotland.
LYNN English
From the name of a town in Norfolk (King's Lynn), derived from Welsh llyn meaning "lake".
LYNTON English
Variant of LINTON.
LYON (1) English, French
Originally denoted a person from the city of Lyon in central France, originally Latin Lugdunum, of Gaulish origin meaning "hill fort of LUGUS". It could also denote a person from the small town of Lyons-la-Forêt in Normandy.
LYON (2) English, French
From a nickname derived from Old French and Middle English lion meaning "lion".
LYON (3) French, English
From the given name LEON.