Occupational name for a person who worked as an innkeeper, derived from Polish karczma
From a nickname derived from German kahl
From Middle High German keiser
, originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name Caesar
Occupational name meaning "calf (animal)"
Occupational name for a butcher who dealt in veal, from German kalb
meaning "calf" and fleisch
Occupational name meaning "merchant, shopkeeper"
in Hungarian, of German origin.
From Polish kamień
, a name for a stonecutter or for one who lived at a place with this name.
Means "son of the one from Kapan"
, originally denoting someone who came from the city of Kapan in present-day Armenia (from Armenian կապել (kapel)
meaning "to tie, to fasten").
Kappel German, Dutch
Name for a person who lived near or worked at a chapel, ultimately from Late Latin cappella
, a diminutive of cappa
"cape", arising from the holy relic of the torn cape of Saint Martin
, which was kept in small churches.
Created by Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky for his novel The Brothers Karamazov
(1879), about three brothers and their murdered father. Dostoyevsky may have based it on Tartar/Turkic кара (kara)
meaning "black" and Russian мазать (mazat)
meaning "stain". The connection to black is implied in the novel when one of the brothers is accidentally addressed as Mr. Черномазов (Chernomazov)
, as if based on Russian чёрный
From Hungarian kard
. It could have been applied to soldiers, sword makers, or one with a pugnacious nature.
Derived from Finnish Karjala
. Karelia is an area on the border between Finland and Russia.
Means "cabinet maker"
, derived from Middle High German kaste
Possibly derived from the old Slavic word kazati
meaning "to order, to command"
Derived from Turkish katır
, a name for a person who made transports by mule.
From Japanese 加 (ka)
meaning "add, increase" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
in Greek, referring to a person with curly hair.
From the name of the town of Kaub in Germany.
Kaur Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur
and all males Singh
. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
Derived from the Irish Gaelic name Caomhánach
, which means "a student of saint Caomhán
". It was the name used by a 12th-century king of Leinster, Domhnall Caomhánach, the eldest son of the historic Irish king Diarmait Mac Murchada.
Means "mouth of the river"
, from Japanese 川 (kawa)
meaning "river, stream" and 口 (kuchi)
meaning "mouth, entrance".
Kay 2 English
Derived from Old French kay
meaning "wharf, quay"
, indicating one who lived near or worked on a wharf.
Patronymic from Belarusian казёл (kaziol)
meaning "male goat"
, probably used to denote a goatherd.
From the Irish name Ó Ceithearnaigh
meaning "descendant of Ceithearnach"
, a given name meaning "warrior".
Originally indicated a person who came from the Hungarian city of Kecskemét, derived from kecske
From a nickname meaning "curly"
, describing a person with curly hair.
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Caoimh
meaning "descendant of Caomh"
From Irish Mac Aodhagáin
meaning "descendant of Aodhagán"
. The given name Aodhagán
is a double diminutive of Aodh
From Old English cene
meaning "bold, brave"
Derived from an English place name meaning "clearing belonging to Cyhha". The Old English given name Cyhha
is of unknown meaning.
Means "wedge shaped"
in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
From a place name that is probably derived from the Brythonic element cet
. This was the surname of a long line of Scottish nobles.
in German, an occupational name for one in charge of the food and drink.
Occupational name for a pig butcher, from Middle English killen
"to kill" and hog
"pig, swine, hog".
Kelly 2 Scottish
From a Scottish place name derived from coille
From an English place name meaning "Cenel's island", from the Old English name Cenel
"fierce" in combination with eg
Derived from Middle English kempe
meaning "champion, warrior"
Derived from the town of Kendal in England, so-called from the river Kent
, on which it is situated, and Old English dæl
meaning "valley, dale".
From the Irish name Ó Cinnéidigh
meaning "descendant of Cennétig"
. This surname was borne by assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
Occupational name for a maker of wheels, from Hungarian kerék
Derived from Old High German kerno "seed"
, an occupational name for one who sold or planted seeds.
From Scots kerr
meaning "rough wet ground"
, ultimately from Old Norse kjarr
From an English place name meaning derived from Old English cærse
"watercress" and eg
Means "son of Khachatur"
in Armenian. A famous bearer was the Armenian composer Aram Khachaturyan or Khachaturian (1903-1978).
Khan Bengali, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "king, ruler"
, probably of Mongolian origin but used in many languages.
From a nickname meaning "young goat, kid"
in Middle English, of Old Norse origin.
Kiefer 2 German
Occupational name for a barrel maker, derived from Old High German kuofa
Means "small stick"
, from Polish kij
From the Irish Mac Giolla Dhuibh
meaning "son of the black-haired man"
Denoted one who hailed from the English town of Kilham, meaning "kiln homestead".
Indicated a person who was from Killough (County Down, Northern Ireland) or Killough (Wicklow, Ireland). The place name Killough means "church on the lake", derived from the Irish cill
"church" and locha
From the Irish Mac Giolla Phádraig
meaning "son of the servant of Saint Patrick"
Korean form of Jin
, from Sino-Korean 金 (gim)
. This is the most popular surname in Korea.
From Old English cyning "king"
, originally a nickname for someone who either acted in a kingly manner or who worked for or was otherwise associated with a king.
From a place name meaning "king's clearing" in Old English.
From the name of a place in Scotland, in Gaelic An Ceann Ard
, meaning "high headland". In the 12th century a Norman nobleman received a charter of land here from King William the Lion (King of Scots), and was thereafter known by this name.
From the name of a town in Yorkshire, of Old English origin meaning "Cyppel's people", from a given name Cyppel
of unknown meaning. A famous bearer of this name was the author Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936).
From numerous towns in northern England named Kirby or Kirkby, derived from Old Norse kirkja
"church" and býr
Derived from Middle High German kirchenaere
From northern Middle English kirk
, from Old Norse kirkja
(cognate of Church
). A famous fictional bearer is the starship captain James Kirk from the Star Trek
television series (1966-1969), and subsequent films.
Occupational name meaning "chest maker, cabinetmaker"
from Middle High German kiste
Occupational name for a person who worked in a kitchen (of a monastery for example), derived from Old English cycene
, ultimately from Latin coquina
Topographic name for someone living near a wetland, from Danish kær "marsh"
, from Old Norse kjarr
in Czech, a nickname for a blacksmith.
Occupational name for a tailor, from Old High German kleid
meaning "garment, clothing"
Klein German, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little"
from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Possibly from Middle Dutch cloet
meaning "lump, ball"
. In some cases this was a nickname for an oafish person. In other cases it may have been a name for someone who lived near a sign that had a globe on it.
Derived from German Klausner
, Middle High German klosenære
From Middle English knagg
meaning "small mound, projection"
. It is found most commonly in the north of England, in particular Yorkshire.
Occupational name for a shoemaker, derived from Low German knif
meaning "shoemaker's knife"
Originally a nickname for a noisy or disruptive person, derived from Old German knellen "to make noise, to cause a disturbance"
From Old English cniht
, a tenant serving as a mounted soldier.
From German Knochen
"bone" and Mus
"sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
in German, originally belonging to a button maker or button seller.
From Middle English knoll
, Old English cnoll
meaning "small hill, knoll"
. A famous bearer is American singer Beyoncé Knowles (1981-).
Derived from Middle High German kol "cabbage"
From Middle High German koler
meaning "charcoal burner"
or "charcoal seller"
in Ukrainian, a nickname for a proud person.
From Japanese 小 (ko)
meaning "small" and 泉 (izumi)
meaning "spring, fountain". A notable bearer of this name is Junichiro Koizumi (1942-), who was Prime Minister of Japan.
, a derivative of Czech kolo
From Middle High German kolbe
Derived from Czech kopec
. The name was given to a person who lived close to a hill.
From Slovene kopito
, an occupational name for a shoer.
Koppel Estonian, Danish
From Low German koppel
meaning "paddock, pasture"
(a word borrowed into Estonian).
Possibly from archaic Finnish korho
meaning "deaf, hard of hearing"
. This is the most common surname in Finland.
Originally indicated a person from Koroška (Carinthia), a medieval Slovene state, now divided between Slovenia and Austria.
From Croatian koš
, originally indicating a person who made or sold baskets.
Derived from Finnish koski
. This is the second most common surname in Finland.
Originally denoted a person from a village named Kostelec, derived from Czech kostel
Derived from Hungarian koszorú
meaning "garland, wreath, girdle"
, a name for someone who made garlands.
Means "male goat"
in Polish, probably used to denote a goatherd.
Patronymic from Russian козёл (kozyol)
meaning "male goat"
, probably used to denote a goatherd.
Originally a name for a person from Kozłów, Kozłowo, or other places with a name derived from Polish kozioł
meaning "male goat".
Originally denoted a person from Carniola (Slovene Kranjska
), a region that makes up a large part of central Slovenia.
Means "shopkeeper, merchant"
in German, derived from Old High German kram
meaning "tent, trading post".
Kranz German, Jewish
Derived from Old High German kranz
, an occupational name for a maker of wreaths or an ornamental Jewish name.
From Middle High German krus
, originally a nickname for a person with curly hair.