Surnames Starting with B

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BAAIMANDutch
Means "son of Baaij", the given name Baaij being a diminutive of names like BAUGULF, BOUDEWIJN or BERNARD.
BAAKDutch
From the given name BAAK.
BAANDERSDutch
Dutch cognate of BANNER.
BAARDutch
Variant of BAARS.
BAARDAFrisian
From the name of the town of Baard in the Netherlands, possibly derived from a given name which was a variant of BERT.
BAARDSENNorwegian
Means "son of BÅRD".
BAARDWIJKDutch
From the name of a town in the Netherlands, possibly from Baard, a variant of BERT, and wijk meaning "neighbourhood, district".
BAARSDutch
Indicated a person coming from the town of Beers in the Netherlands.
BAARSMAFrisian
Indicated a person coming from the small town of Beers in Frisia.
BAARTDutch
Means "beard" in Dutch, originally describing a person who wore a beard.
BAASDutch
Means "boss, overseer" in Dutch.
BAASCHLow German
From Middle Low German baas meaning "boss".
BABCOCKEnglish
Derived from the medieval name Bab, possibly a diminutive of BARTHOLOMEW or BARBARA.
BABIĆSerbian, Croatian
Matronymic surname derived from Slavic baba "old woman".
BABIČSlovene
Slovene form of BABIĆ.
BABINFrench
From the given name Babin, a medieval diminutive of BABYLAS.
BACHGerman
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BACHCHANIndian, Hindi
From Hindi बच्चा (bachcha) meaning "child", a word of Persian origin. This surname was adopted by the Indian poet Harivansh Rai Srivastava (1907-2003).
BACHMANGerman
Anglicized form of BACHMANN.
BACHMANNGerman
Denoted a person who lived near a stream, from German bach "stream" and mann "man".
BACHMEIERGerman
Originally referred to a farmer whose farm was beside a stream, from Middle High German bach "stream" and meier "steward, tenant farmer".
BACHVAROVBulgarian
Patronymic from Bulgarian бъчвар (bachvar) meaning "cooper, barrel maker".
BÄCKERGerman
Variant of BECKER, mostly found in northern Germany.
BACKUSEnglish
Means "bakery", an occupational name for a baker, from Old English bæchus literally "bake house".
BADCOCKEnglish
From a diminutive of the medieval given name BADA.
BADEMTurkish
Derived from a Turkish word meaning "almond".
BADERGerman
Derived from Old High German bad "bath", most likely referring to a bath attendant.
BAGERDanish
Danish cognate of BAKER.
BAGGIItalian
Variant of BAGGIO.
BAGGIOItalian
Originally denoted a person from the Italian town of Baggio (now part of Milan). It is probably derived from Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place".
BAGHDASSARIANArmenian
Variant transcription of BAGHDASARYAN.
BAGLEYEnglish
From various English place names, all derived from Old English bagga "bag, badger" combined with leah "woodland, clearing".
BAGLIOItalian
Italian cognate of BAILEY.
BAGNIItalian
From Latin balnea "bath", referring to a person who worked as a bath house attendant.
BAGNOLIItalian
Diminutive form of BAGNI.
BÄHRGerman
From Middle High German bër "bear" or ber "boar". This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
BAIChinese
From Chinese (bái) meaning "white".
BAIERGerman
Variant of BAYER.
BAILEYEnglish
From Middle English baili meaning "bailiff", which comes via Old French from Latin baiulus "porter".
BAINES (1)Welsh
From Welsh ab Einws meaning "son of Einws", a diminutive of EINION.
BAINES (2)English
From a nickname derived from Old English ban "bones", probably for a thin person.
BAIRDScottish
Anglicized form of MAC AN BAIRD.
BAJUSZHungarian
Means "moustache", from Hungarian bajusz.
BAKALOVBulgarian
Patronymic derived from Bulgarian bakalin meaning "grocer".
BAKEMAFrisian
Means "son of Bake", a diminutive of BAAK.
BAKEREnglish
Occupational name meaning "baker", derived from Middle English bakere.
BAKHUIZENDutch
Means "bakery" from Dutch bak "bake" and huis "house", an occupational name for a baker.
BAKKERDutch
Dutch cognate of BAKER, from Middle Dutch backer.
BAKÓHungarian
Means "axeman" in Hungarian.
BĂLANRomanian
Means "blond" in Romanian.
BALÁZSHungarian
Derived from the given name BALÁZS.
BALBONIItalian
Derived from the given name BALBINO.
BALDIItalian
Derived from the given name BALDO.
BALDINIItalian
Derived from the given name Baldino, a diminutive of BALDO.
BALDINOTTIItalian
Derived from the given name Baldinotto, from the Latin name Baldinoctus, a diminutive of BALDO.
BALDOVINIItalian
Derived from the given name BALDOVINO.
BALDWINEnglish
Derived from the given name BALDWIN.
BALIKTurkish
From a Turkish word meaning "fish".
BÁLINTHungarian
Derived from the given name BÁLINT.
BALLEnglish
From Middle English bal, Old English beall meaning "ball". This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
BALODISLatvian
Means "pigeon" in Latvian.
BALOGHHungarian
Means "left handed" in Hungarian.
BANCROFTEnglish
From any of the various places of this name, derived from Old English bean meaning "bean" and croft meaning "small enclosed field".
BANDERASSpanish
Spanish cognate of BANNER.
BANDINIItalian
From the Latin name Bandinus, a derivative of Bandus, which is of unknown meaning.
BANDONIItalian
From Italian bandone meaning "sheet of iron".
BANDYOPADHYAYBengali
From the name of the village of Bandoghat combined with upadhaya "instructor, priest".
BANÍKSlovak
Means "miner" in Slovak.
BANKSEnglish
Originally indicated someone who lived near a hillside or a bank of land.
BANNEREnglish
Occupational name for a flag carrier, derived from Old French baniere meaning "banner", ultimately of Germanic origin.
BANNISTEREnglish
From Norman French banastre meaning "basket". This was originally a name for a maker of baskets.
BÁRÁNYHungarian
Means "lamb" in Hungarian.
BARÁTHHungarian
Derived from Hungarian barát meaning "friend".
BARBEREnglish, Scottish
Indicated a barber, one who cut hair for a living.
BARBIERIItalian
Italian cognate of BARBER.
BARDAKÇITurkish
Means "glassmaker" from Turkish bardak "glass".
BARDSLEYEnglish
From the name a village near Manchester, from the Old English given name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing".
BARENDSDutch
Means "son of BAREND".
BARIŞTurkish
From the given name BARIŞ.
BARKEREnglish
From Middle English bark meaning "to tan". This was an occupational name for a leather tanner.
BARLOWEnglish
Derived from a number of English place names which variously mean "barley hill", "barn hill", "boar clearing" or "barley clearing".
BARNAHungarian
Means "brown" in Hungarian.
BARNESEnglish
Denoted a person who worked or lived in a barn. The word barn is derived from Old English bere "barley" and ærn "dwelling".
BARNETTEnglish
Derived from Old English bærnet meaning "a place cleared by burning".
BARONEItalian
From the title barone "baron", derived via Latin from Germanic baro "man, warrior, servant".
BARREnglish
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre.
BARREFrench
French cognate of BARR.
BARRETTEnglish
Probably derived from a Middle English word meaning "strife", originally given to a quarrelsome person.
BARROSPortuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro meaning "clay, mud". This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
BARSAMIANArmenian
Variant transcription of PARSAMYAN.
BARSOTTIItalian
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from the Germanic word baro "man, warrior, servant".
BÁRTACzech
From a given name which was a diminutive of BARTOLOMĚJ.
BARTAHungarian
From the given name BARTA.
BARTALOTTIItalian
Means "son of Bartalotto", a diminutive of BARTOLO.
BARTOLOMEIItalian
Derived from the given name BARTOLOMEO.
BARTOLOMEOItalian
Derived from the given name BARTOLOMEO.
BARTONEnglish
From a place name meaning "barley town" in Old English.
BARTOSHungarian
From a given name which was a diminutive of BERTALAN.
BARTOŠCzech, Slovak
Derived from Bartoš, a diminutive of BARTOLOMĚJ or BARTOLOMEJ.
BARTOSZPolish
Derived from the given name BARTOSZ.
BARTRAMEnglish
From the given name BERTRAM.
BARWEGENFrisian
Derived from the name of a village in Frisia meaning "road to the dike".
BASILEItalian
From the given name BASILIO.
BASSEnglish
English cognate of BASSO.
BASSANELLIItalian
Diminutive form of BASSANI.
BASSANIItalian
Derived from the place name Bassano, belonging multiple villages in Italy.
BASSIItalian
Variant of BASSO, common in northern Italy.
BASSOItalian
Originally a nickname for a short person, from Latin bassus "thick, low".
BASURTOSpanish
From the Basque place name Basurtu, a village (now part of Bilbao) in Biscay. It means "middle of the forest".
BATESEnglish
Means "son of BATE".
BATESONEnglish
Means "son of BATE".
BÁTHORYHungarian
Originally indicated a person from Bátor, a village in Hungary, which might be of Turkic origin meaning "hero". This was the surname of a Hungarian noble family who historically controlled the town. One of the family, Stephen Báthory, became the king of Poland in the 16th century.
BATTAGLIAItalian
From a nickname meaning "battle" in Italian.
BATTLEEnglish
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle, so named because they were sites of battles.
BATTSEnglish
Means "son of BATE".
BAUDINFrench
From the given name Baud, French form of BALDO.
BAUERGerman
From Old High German bur meaning "peasant, farmer".
BAUERSGerman
Variant of BAUER.
BAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMANNGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
BAUMBACHGerman
From a place name meaning "tree stream" in German.
BAUMERGerman
Variant of BAUM.
BAUMGARTNERGerman
Occupational name for a person who worked or lived at an orchard, from German Baumgarten "orchard" (derived from Baum "tree" and Garten "garden").
BAUMHAUERGerman
Occupational name meaning "woodcutter", derived from German Baum "tree" and hauen "to chop".
BAUTISTASpanish
Derived from the given name BAUTISTA.
BAXTEREnglish
Variant (in origin a feminine form) of BAKER.
BAYERGerman
Originally denoted a person from Bavaria, from its German name BAYERN.
BAZZOLIItalian
From Italian bazza meaning "protruding chin".
BEANEnglish
English cognate of BOHN.
BEASLEYEnglish
From the name of a place in Lancashire, from Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BEATTIEScottish
From the medieval name Battie, a diminutive of BARTHOLOMEW.
BEAUCHÊNEFrench
From French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and chêne "oak".
BEAUFORTFrench
From various French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and fort "strong place, fortress".
BEAULIEUFrench
From various French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and lieu "place".
BEAUMONTFrench, English
From French place names derived from beau "beautiful" and mont "mountain".
BECK (1)English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of BACH, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
BECK (2)German
Variant of BECKER, from southern German beck.
BECK (3)English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke meaning "beak".
BECK (4)English
From Old English becca meaning "pickaxe", an occupational surname.
BECKENBAUERGerman
Means "farmer living by a stream" in German.
BECKERGerman
Derived from Middle High German becker meaning "baker".
BECKETTEnglish
Originally a diminutive of BECK (1) or BECK (3).
BECKHAMEnglish
From a place name meaning "Becca's homestead". The byname Becca means "pickaxe" in Old English.
BECSKEIHungarian
Indicated a person from Becske, a town in Hungary, which might be derived from the given name BENEDEK.
BEDROSIANArmenian
Variant transcription of PETROSYAN.
BEGBIEScottish
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse given name BAGGI and býr "farm, settlement".
BEHRENDGerman
Derived from the given name BERND.
BEHRENDSGerman
Derived from the given name BERND.
BEHRINGERGerman
From the given name BERENGAR.
BEIRNEIrish
Variant of O'BYRNE.
BEITELGerman
Variant of BEUTEL.
BÉLANGERFrench
From the given name BÉRENGER.
BELANGEREnglish
From the given name BERENGAR.
BELCHEREnglish
From a Middle English version of Old French bel chiere meaning "beautiful face". It later came to refer to a person who had a cheerful and pleasant temperament.
BELL (1)English
From Middle English belle meaning "bell". It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
BELL (2)English
Derived from the given name Bel, a medieval short form of ISABEL.
BELLAMYFrench, English
From Old French bel ami meaning "beautiful friend".
BELLANDIItalian
Means "son of Bellando", from a medieval given name derived from Latin bellandus meaning "which is to be fought".
BELLANDINIItalian
Diminutive form of BELLANDI.
BELLEROSEFrench
Means "beautiful rose" in French.
BELLINCIONIItalian
Means "son of Bellincione", from a medieval name (borne for example by Dante's grandfather) which was probably a derivative of Italian bello "beautiful, fair".
BELLINIItalian
From Italian bello meaning "beautiful".
BELLOSpanish, Italian
Means "beautiful" in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
BELLOMOItalian
From a nickname derived from Italian bello "beautiful, fair" and uomo "man".
BELLONIItalian
Augmented form of BELLO.
BELMONTFrench, English
French and English form of BELMONTE.
BELMONTESpanish, Italian
From various place names in Italy and Spain meaning "beautiful mountain".
BELOPortuguese
Portuguese form of BELLO.
BELTZGerman
Occupational name for a tanner of hides, derived from Middle High German belz meaning "fur".
BENBOWEnglish
From a nickname "bend the bow" given to an archer.
BENCIVENNIItalian
Means "son of Bencivenne", from the medieval name Bencivenga, a Tuscan variant of BENVENUTO.
BENDTSENDanish
Means "son of BENDT".
BENEDETTIItalian
From the given name BENEDETTO.
BENENATIItalian
Means "son of Benenato", given name derived from Latin bene "good, well" and natus "good".
BENESHungarian
Hungarian form of BENEŠ.
BENEŠCzech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name BENEDIKT.
BENETTONItalian
Northern Italian variant of BENEDETTI.
BENGOETXEABasque
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
BENGTSDOTTERSwedish
Means "daughter of BENGT".
BENGTSSONSwedish
Means "son of BENGT".
BENINIItalian
Means "son of Benino" from a diminutive of Bene or Beno, short forms of BENEDETTO.
BENÍTEZSpanish
Means "son of BENITO".
BENNEnglish
From a short form of BENEDICT.
BENNETEnglish
Derived from the medieval English given name BENNETT.
BENNETTEnglish
Derived from the medieval English given name BENNETT.
BENSONEnglish
Means "son of BENEDICT".
BENTLEYEnglish
From a place name derived from Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". Various towns in England bear this name.
BENTONEnglish
Denoted someone who came from Benton, England, which is derived from Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure".
BENTSENDanish
Means "son of BENT (1)".
BERANCzech
Derived from Czech beran meaning "ram".
BERÁNEKCzech
Means "little ram, male lamb" in Czech.
BÉRANGERFrench
From the given name BÉRENGER.
BERARDIItalian
From the given name BERARDO.
BERGGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
BERGAMASCHIItalian
Originally indicated an inhabitant of the city of BERGAMO in Lombardy.
BERGER (1)French
Occupational name meaning "shepherd", from Old French bergier.
BERGFALKSwedish
Derived from Swedish berg "mountain" and falk "falcon".
BERGLUNDSwedish
Derived from Swedish berg "mountain" and lund "grove".
BERGMANSwedish
From Swedish berg "mountain" and man "man", originally a name for a person living on a mountain.
BERGSTRÖMSwedish
Derived from Swedish berg "mountain" and ström "stream".
BERIDZEGeorgian
Means "son of the monk", from Georgian ბერი (beri) meaning "monk".
BÉRINGERFrench
From the given name BÉRENGER.
BERINGERGerman, English
From the given name BERENGAR.
BERKOVICHJewish
Means "son of Berko" in Yiddish, Berko being a derivative of BER.
BERMÚDEZSpanish
Means "son of BERMUDO".
BERNARDFrench, English, Dutch, Czech
From the given name BERNARD.
BERNATCatalan
Derived from the given name BERNAT.
BERNEIrish
Variant of O'BYRNE.
BERNHARDGerman
From the given name BERNHARD.
BERRYEnglish
Derived from a place name which was derived from Old English burh "fortification".
BERTIItalian
Derived from the given name BERTO.
BERTOLINIItalian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name BERTOLDO.
BERTRANDFrench
Derived from the given name BERTRAND.
BĒRZIŅŠLatvian
From Latvian bērzs meaning "birch tree".
BEST (1)English
Derived from Middle English beste meaning "beast", an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
BEST (2)German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
BEULENDutch
Means "son of BOELE".
BEULENSDutch
Means "son of BOELE".
BEUMERDutch
Possibly a Dutch form of BAUMER or BÖHMER.
BEUMERSDutch
Possibly a Dutch form of BAUMER or BÖHMER.
BEUTELGerman
From Middle High German biutel meaning "bag", originally belonging to a person who made or sold bags.
BEVANWelsh
Derived from Welsh ap Evan meaning "son of EVAN".
BEVERLYEnglish
Derived from the name of an English city, meaning "beaver stream" in Old English.
BEYERGerman
Variant of BAYER.
BEYERSDORFGerman
Means "farmers village", from German Bauer meaning "farmer" and Dorf meaning "village".
BEZUIDENHOUTDutch
From Dutch zuid "south" and hout "forest". It refers to the south of the forest in The Hague.
BHATTACHARYABengali
From a Bengali title composed of the Sanskrit words भट्ट (bhatta) "scholar, lord" and आचार्य (acharya) "teacher".
BIAGIItalian
Means "son of BIAGIO".
BIANCARDIItalian
Italian form of BLANCHARD.
BIANCHIItalian
From Italian bianco meaning "white", originally given to a person who was white-haired or extremely pale.
BICCHIERIItalian
Means "drinking glasses" in Italian, referring originally to a person who made or sold them.
BIEBERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German biber meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
BIERMANNGerman
Derived from German bier "beer" and mann "man". The name may have referred to a brewer or a tavern owner.
BİNİCİTurkish
From the word binici meaning "rider, horseman".
BIONDIItalian
Means "fair-haired, blond" in Italian. This name was borne by the American swimmer Matt Biondi (1965-).
BIRDEnglish
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
BÍRÓHungarian
Derived from bíró meaning "judge" in Hungarian.
BISCHOFFSGerman
German cognate of BISHOP.
BISHOPEnglish
Means simply "bishop", ultimately from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos) meaning "overseer". It probably originally referred to a person who served a bishop.
BISKUPCzech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak cognate of BISHOP.
BISSETEnglish
From Old French bis meaning "drab, dingy", a nickname for someone who looked drab.
BJARNESENDanish
Means "son of BJARNE".
BJÖRKSwedish
From Swedish björk "birch tree".
BJÖRKMANSwedish
From Swedish björk "birch tree" and man "man".
BJÖRNSSONSwedish
Means "son of BJÖRN".
BLACKEnglish
Means either "black" (from Old English blæc) or "pale" (from Old English blac). It could refer to a person with a pale or a dark complexion, or a person who worked with black dye.
BLACKBURNEnglish
From the name of a city in Lancashire, meaning "black stream" in Old English.
BLACKMANEnglish
From a nickname, a variant of BLACK.
BLACKWOODEnglish, Scottish
From an English place name meaning "black wood".
BLÁHACzech
Derived from a diminutive of BLAŽEJ.
BLAIRScottish
From any one of several places of this name in Scotland, which derive from Gaelic blár meaning "plain, field, battlefield".
BLAISEFrench
Derived from the given name BLAISE.
BLAKEEnglish
Variant of BLACK. A famous bearer was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
BLAKESLEYEnglish
From the name of a town in Northamptonshire, itself meaning "Blæcwulf's meadow" in Old English. Blæcwulf is a byname meaning "black wolf".
BLANCFrench
Means "white" in French. The name referred to a person who was pale, or whose hair was blond.
BLANCHARDFrench, English
Derived from the given name BLANCHARD.
BLANCHETFrench
From a diminutive of the name BLANC.
BLANCOSpanish
Means "white" in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
BLANXARTCatalan
Catalan form of BLANCHARD.