Surnames Starting with R

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RÁCZHungarian
Derived from Hungarian rác meaning "Serbian".
RADCLIFFEnglish
From various place names in England which mean "red cliff" in Old English.
RADEMAKERDutch, German
From the old occupation of rademaker which referred to a person who made raden "wheels" (singular rad).
RADEVBulgarian
Means "son of Rade", Rade being a diminutive of RADOSLAV, RADOMIR, or any other name beginning with rad.
RADIĆSerbian, Croatian
Patronymic derived from the given name Rade, a diminutive of RADOSLAV, RADOVAN or any other name beginning with rad.
RADKOVBulgarian
Means "son of RADKO".
RAFFERTYIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Rabhartaigh meaning "descendant of Rabhartach". The given name Rabhartach means "flood tide".
RAGNOItalian
From a nickname meaning "spider".
RAIMONDIItalian
Derived from the given name RAIMONDO.
RAINESEnglish
Originally denoted a person from Rayne (Essex), England or from Rennes, France.
RAINSEnglish
Variant of RAINES.
RAISItalian
Occupational name for a ràis, the fisherman who directed the fishing. It is typical of Sicily and Sardinia and probably has Arabic origins.
RAKEEnglish
Means "dweller on a narrow pass or hillside" from Old English hraca.
RAKESEnglish
Variant of RAKE.
RALSTONScottish
Originally denoted a person from Ralston, Scotland.
RAMIRESPortuguese
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Portuguese.
RAMÍREZSpanish
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Spanish.
RAMOSSpanish
Means "dweller in a thickly wooded area" from Latin ramus. It could also refer to someone connected with Palm Sunday in some way (French dimanche des rameaux).
RAMSEYScottish, English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". The surname was brought to Scotland by the Norman baron Simundus de Ramsay.
RANAItalian, Spanish
Means "frog" in Italian and Spanish.
RANDALLEnglish
Derived from the given name RANDEL.
RANDRUPDanish
From the name of homesteads in Denmark (in Viborg or Rebild municipalities).
RANERIItalian
Derived from the Italian given name RANIERO.
RANTAFinnish
Means "dweller by the shore" from Finnish ranta.
RAO (1)Indian, Telugu, Kannada
From Sanskrit राज (raja) meaning "king".
RAO (2)Italian
Derived from the given name ROLLO.
RAPALLINOItalian
From the area of Genoa with a locative origin from the town of Rapallo.
RAPP (1)Swedish
Means "quick, prompt" from Swedish rapp, one of the names adopted by soldiers in the 17th century.
RAPP (2)German, Jewish
Means "dark haired" or "raven-like".
RAPTISGreek
Means "tailor" in Greek.
RASKDanish
Means "healthy, energetic, speedy" in Danish.
RASKEDanish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Variant of RASK, used in Germany and the Netherlands.
RASKOPHGerman
From a nickname meaning "hot head". It occurs in the northern Eifel region in Rheinland.
RASPUTINRussian
From Russian распутье (rasputye) meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
RATTIItalian
Means "rat", originally denoting a sly individual.
RATTRAYScottish
From a place name meaning "fortress town", from Gaelic rath "fortress" and Welsh tref "town".
RAUTIOFinnish
Means "smith" in Finnish, mentioned in the Kalevala. There is also a town called Rautio.
RAVENNAItalian
From the important city of Ravenna, near Bologna, in northern Italy.
RAYNEEnglish
Derived from a Germanic name which was short for longer names beginning with the element ragin meaning "advice, counsel".
RAYNERSONEnglish
Means "son of RAYNER".
Italian
Italian form of REY (1).
READ (1)English
Means "red" from Middle English read, probably denoting a person with red hair or complexion.
READ (2)English
Means "dweller in a clearing in woodland" from Old English ried. It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
READY (1)English
Means "prepared, prompt" from Middle English readi.
READY (2)Scottish
Originally denoted a person from Reedie, Scotland.
READY (3)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RODAGH.
REAGANIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Ríagáin meaning "descendant of RIAGÁN".
REECEWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REENBERGDanish
Meaning unknown.
REESWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REESEWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REEVEEnglish
Occupational name for a sheriff, from Middle English reeve.
REGANIrish
Variant of REAGAN.
REGENBOGENGerman, Jewish
From a German word meaning "rainbow".
REHACzech
Derived from the given name Rehor, a Czech form of GREGORY.
REIDScottish
Scots variant of READ (1).
REIHERGerman
Variant of ROYER.
REILLYIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RAGHAILLIGH.
REINDERDutch, Frisian
Derived from the Frisian given name Reinder, which is a form of the Dutch given name Reinier. Reinier is the Dutch variant of RAYNER.
REISJewish
Ornamental name from German Reis meaning "twig, branch".
RENAUDFrench
From the given name RENAUD.
RENDÓNSpanish
Derived from the Spanish phrase de rendon "brave".
RESNIKSlovene
Topographic name, derived from resa "heather" or else from a type of barley.
RETTIGGerman
Derived from Middle Low German redik for "radish". It is therefore occupational and applied to greengrocers.
REUTER (1)German, Jewish
Means "dweller in a clearing" or "clearer of woodland" from Middle High German riute.
REUTER (2)German, Jewish
Means "highwayman" from Middle High German riutœre.
REVIEEnglish
Variant of REEVE.
REY (1)English, Spanish, French, Catalan
Means "king" in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex (genitive regis), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
REY (2)English
Means "female roe deer" from Old English ræge, probably denoting someone of a nervous temperament.
REYERFrench
Variant of ROYER.
REYESSpanish
Spanish variant of REY (1).
REYNOLDSEnglish
Derived from the given name REYNOLD.
ŘEZNÍČEKCzech
Diminutive of reznik "butcher".
ŘEZNÍKCzech, Slovak
Means "butcher" in Czech and Slovak.
RHEEKorean
North Korean form of LEE (2).
RHODESEnglish
Either a topographical name derived from Old English rod meaning "a clearing in woodland", or a locational name from any of the locations named with this word.
RHYDDERCHWelsh
From the given name RHYDDERCH.
RIBEIROPortuguese
Means "little river" or "stream", derived from the Portuguese word ribeira.
RIBERDanish
Originally indicated someone who came from the county or town of Ribe in southwest Denmark.
RICCHETTIItalian
Diminutive form of RICCI.
RICCIItalian
From Italian ricco "curly", a nickname for someone with curly hair.
RICEWelsh
Anglicized version of the given name RHYS.
RICHARDEnglish, French, German, Dutch
From the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDSEnglish
Derived from the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDSONEnglish
Means "son of RICHARD".
RICHELIEUFrench
Means "home of a rich person" in French, from the elements riche wealthy and lieu place. The historic figure Cardinal Richelieu was named such for his family estates. Due to the Cardinal's villainous portrayal in Alexander Dumas' 'The Three Musketeers', the name Richelieu is now associated with political intrigue and ambition.
RICHTERGerman
From Middle High German rihtære meaning "judge".
RIDEREnglish
Variant of RYDER.
RIDLEYEnglish
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places in England with that name.
RIESEGerman, Jewish
Means "giant" from German Riese.
RIETVELDDutch
Means "reed field", from Dutch riet "reed" and veld "field". It is found mostly in the western part of the Netherlands (the Holland area).
RIGBYEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "ridge farm" in Old Norse.
RIGGIItalian
From the name of the city Reggio of Calabria.
RIGHIItalian
From the given name Arrigo (see ARRIGHI).
RIGÓHungarian
From rigó, a word meaning "blackbird" in Hungarian.
RILEY (1)English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye clearing" in Old English.
RIMMEREnglish
Means "poet" from Middle English rime(n).
RINALDIItalian
Derived from the given name RINALDO.
RINNE (1)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RINN.
RINNE (2)Finnish
Means "hillside" from Finnish rinne.
RIOSPortuguese, Spanish
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese and Spanish rios "river".
RITTERGerman
From the German word ritter meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER.
RIVAItalian
Means "dweller by a river, lake" from Latin ripa.
RIVERASpanish
Topographic name for a person who lived on a riverbank.
RIVEROSpanish
Spanish form of RIBEIRO.
RIZZOItalian
Variant of RICCI.
ROACHEnglish
From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word which may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROBBINSEnglish
Derived from the given name ROBIN.
ROBERTEnglish, French, Dutch
From the given name ROBERT.
ROBERTSEnglish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSENDanish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSONEnglish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBINSONEnglish
Means "son of ROBIN".
ROBLEDOSpanish
Means "oak wood" from Spanish roble "oak".
ROBLESSpanish
Means "dweller by the oak tree or forest" from Spanish roble which in turn was derived from Latin robur.
ROBSONEnglish
Means "son of ROB".
ROBUSTELLIItalian
From a nickname indicating a strong person, from the Italian word robusto "strong".
ROCCAItalian
Italian cognate of ROACH.
ROCCHIItalian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCCOItalian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCHAPortuguese, Galician
Portuguese and Galician cognate of ROACH.
ROCHEFrench
French cognate of ROACH.
RODERICKEnglish
Derived from the given name RODERICK.
RODGERSEnglish
Derived from the given name RODGER.
RODRIGUESPortuguese
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Portuguese.
RODRÍGUEZSpanish
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Spanish.
RÓGPolish
Derived from Polish rog meaning "animal horn".
ROGERSEnglish
Derived from the given name ROGER.
ROGERSONEnglish
Means "son of ROGER".
ROGGEVEENDutch
Means "rye field" in Dutch. A famous bearer was Jacob Roggeveen, the explorer who discovered Easter Island.
ROIGCatalan
Means "red (haired, complexioned)" from Latin rubeus.
ROJASSpanish
Variant of ROJO.
ROJOSpanish
Means "red" in relation to hair or complexion from Spanish rojo.
ROLDÁNSpanish
Derived from the given name ROLDÁN.
ROLLINSEnglish
From a diminutive of the given name ROLAND.
ROLVSSONNorwegian
Means "son of ROLF".
ROMA (1)Italian
Derived from the given name Romanus (see ROMAN).
ROMA (2)Italian
From the name of the city of Rome, Italy. It described either a person from there or someone who had been there.
ROMÀ (1)Catalan
Derived from the given name Romanus (see ROMAN).
ROMÀ (2)Catalan
Catalan form of ROMA (2).
ROMAGNAItalian
From the region of Romagna, on the Adriatic coast of Italy.
ROMAGNOLIItalian
Diminutive form of ROMAGNA.
ROMANO (1)Italian
Derived from the given name ROMANO.
ROMANO (2)Italian
Denoted someone who was from the city of Rome. People surnamed Romano also originated from Rome in Provincia de Foggia on the east coast of Italy.
ROMANOVRussian
Means "son of ROMAN". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
ROMÃOPortuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANO (1) or ROMANO (2).
ROMEFrench, English
English and French form of ROMA (2).
ROMEIJNDutch
Variant of ROMIJN.
ROMEROItalian, Spanish
Derived from Roma, Spanish and Italian name of the city of Rome. It could have originally indicated a person who was from Rome or who took a pilgrimage to Rome.
ROMIJNDutch
Derived from the Dutch given name Romein, which comes from Romanus (see ROMAN).
ROMILLYEnglish, French
Originally denoted a person who came from any of the various places in northern France called Romilly or Remilly, or from Romiley in England.
ROMPADutch
Variant of VAN ROMPA. Of all the known surnames that are derived from VAN ROMPAEY, Rompa is the commonest in the Netherlands; there are only a handful of known bearers in Flanders (Belgium).
RONCALLIItalian
Locative surname, from the names of places like Ronco or Ronchi, quite common in northern Italy. It was the surname of Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), pope Giovanni XXIII, one of the most the popular popes of the Roman Catholic Church of the last century.
RONCHIItalian
Locative surname coming from a place called Ronco. It is common in northern and central Italy.
ROOIAKKERDutch
Literally means "red field", from Dutch rood "red" and akker "field". The surname comes from the word rooiakker, which was a name for a field that had a reddish colour or for a field that was barren.
ROOSADutch
From the Dutch word roos meaning "rose".
ROOSEVELTDutch
Means "rose field" from Dutch roos "rose" and veld "field". This was the surname of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
ROSAItalian, Catalan
Means "rose" from Latin rosa, perhaps denoting a person who lived where roses grew or had a rosy complexion.
ROSALESSpanish
Means "bed of roses" in Spanish.
ROSARIOPortuguese
Means "rosary" from Portuguese rosario. This name was often given to people born on the day of the festival of Our Lady of the Rosary.
ROSCOEEnglish
From a place name meaning "doe wood" in Old Norse.
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish
Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. It is also found derived from the Yiddish royz, which always referred to the flower.
ROSE (2)English
Derived from the given name ROSE.
ROSENBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German.
ROSENFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German.
ROSSEnglish, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland) which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory, headland".
ROSSIItalian
Derived from a nickname for a red-haired person, from Italian rosso, Latin russus meaning "red".
ROSSINIItalian
Diminutive form of ROSSI. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
ROSTAMIPersian
Derived from the given name ROSTAM.
ROTGerman, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTHGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHBAUERGerman
From Middle High German roten "to clear land" and bur or bure "farmer".
ROTHENBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "red mountain" from German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain".
ROTHSCHILDGerman, Jewish
Means "red shield, sign" from German rot "red" and German or Yiddish s(c)hild "sign, shield". The surname originally came from a family who took their name from a house with a red shield or sign on it. It has since been adopted by unrelated Jews.
ROTOLOItalian
Derived from a nickname indicating an old measure. The word rotolu comes from southern Italian dialects, and is derived from the Arabic or Greek language.
ROUNDSEnglish
Means "son of the fat person" from the Middle English and Old French rond, rund.
ROUSSEAUFrench
Diminutive of ROUX. A famous bearer was the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose ideas influenced the French Revolution.
ROUSSELFrench
French form of RUSSELL.
ROUXFrench
Derived from old French rous "red", most likely a nickname for a red-haired person.
ROVIGATTIItalian
From the name of the city of Rovigo near Venice.
ROWANIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
ROWBOTTOMEnglish
Means "dweller in the overgrown valley" from Old English ruh "rough, overgrown" and boðm "valley".
ROWEEnglish, Scottish, Irish
Means "dweller by a row of hedges or houses" from Middle English row. Some examples of the name are derived from the medieval name Row, which is either a variant of ROLLO or ROLAND.
ROWLANDEnglish
Derived from the given name ROLAND.
ROWNTREEEnglish
Given to a person who lived near a rowan tree or mountain ash.
ROXASFilipino
Filipino form of the Spanish ROJAS.
ROY (2)Scottish
Means "red haired" from Gaelic ruadh.
ROYCEEnglish
Originally derived from the medieval given name Royse, a variant of ROSE.
ROYDONEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill", from Old English ryge "rye" and dun "hill".
ROYERFrench
From the Old French verb, which comes from roye meaning "to furrow with little irrigation trenches". In the Ardennes Mountains it means "to ret or steep flax".
ROYLEEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill" from Old English ryge "rye" and hyll "hill".
ROYSTONEnglish
Originally taken from an Old English place name meaning "Royse's town". The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE.
RÓZSAHungarian
Variant of ROSE (2). This is one of the limited number of matronymic surnames used in Hungary.
RUANChinese
From Chinese (ruǎn) which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
RUANEIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
RUBIOSpanish
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red".
RUDAWSKIPolish
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
RUGGERIItalian
Derived from the given name RUGGERO.
RUGGLESEnglish
From a medieval diminutive of the given name ROGER.
RUIZSpanish
Means "son of RUY" in Spanish.
RUNDSTRÖMSwedish
From a Swedish place name meaning "round stream".
RUOHOFinnish
Means "grass" in Finnish.
RUOTSALAINENFinnish
Means "Swede" from Finnish ruotsalainen.
RUSHEnglish
Refers to a rush, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh.
RUSKIN (1)Scottish
Means "tanner" from the Gaelic rusg(aire)an.
RUSKIN (2)English
Means "little Rose" from the medieval given name ROSE.
RUSNAKPolish
Means "Russian" in Polish.
RUSSELLEnglish
From a Norman French nickname which meant "little red one", perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
RUSSOItalian
Variant of ROSSI.
RUSTICIItalian
From a medieval nickname for a rustic man living in the country.
RUTHERFORDScottish
Originally taken by families who lived near the town of Rutherford in Scotland. It means "cattle ford" in Old English. The name dates back to the 13th century.
RUTKOWSKIPolish
Originally a name for a person from Rutki, Poland.
RUTTENDutch
Derived from the given name RUTGER.
RUUDNorwegian
Derived from Old Norse ruð meaning "clearing".
RŮŽIČKACzech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
RUZSAHungarian
Dialectical variant of RÓZSA.
RUZZIERItalian
From a dialectal variant of RUGGERO. It is typical of northeastern Italy, the area around Trieste.
RYANIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RIAIN, or else a simplified form of MULRYAN.
RYBÁRSlovak
Slovak form of RYBÁŘ.
RYBÁŘCzech
Means "fisher" in Czech.
RYDEREnglish
Occupational surname for a mounted forest officer, from Old English ridere meaning "rider".
RYEEnglish
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).
RYEREnglish
Variant of ROYER.
RYERSEnglish
Variant of ROYER.
RYSKAMPDutch
Means "those who farmed rye", from Dutch kamp meaning "place".
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