This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
This possibly derived from a medieval diminutive, similar to Hobbs for Robert.
From the medieval personal name HICKE
. The substitution of H- as the initial resulted from the inability of the English to cope with the velar Norman R-.
HIDDLESTON English, Scottish
Habitational name from a place called Huddleston in Yorkshire, England. The place name was derived from the Old English personal name HUDEL
Habitational name from a place in Lancashire now known as Oakenbottom. The history of the place name is somewhat confused, but it is probably composed of the Old English elements ǣcen
"oaken" and botme
"broad valley"... [more]
HILBERT English, French, Dutch, German
English, French, Dutch, and German: from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements hild ‘strife’, ‘battle’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’.
English: from the Norman female personal name Hildiarde
, composed of the Germanic elements hild
‘strife’, ‘battle’ + gard
‘fortress’, ‘stronghold’. The surname has been in Ireland since the 17th century.
From the name of a place in Leicestershire meaning "Hynca's wood", from the Old English byname Hynca
, derivative of hún
"bear cub", and leah
HIND English, Scottish
English (central and northern): nickname for a gentle or timid person, from Middle English, Old English hind
‘female deer’.... [more]
English (Lancashire): habitational name from a place near Manchester, so named from Old English hind
‘female deer’ + leah
The distribution of the Hingston surname appears to be based around the South Hams area of Devon. The English Place Name Society volumes for Devon give the best indication of the source of the name... [more]
HINTON English (Archaic)
Comes from Old English heah
meaning "high" and tun
meaning "enclosure" or "settlement." A notable person with the surname is female author S.E Hinton.
American form of Scandinavian topographical surnames, such as Swedish Högland
or Norwegian Haugland
, both essentially meaning "high land".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of Tarvin, Cheshire West and Chester.
Nickname from Middle English hodge
"hog", which occurs as a dialect variant of hogge
, for example in Cheshire place names.
HODGSON English (British)
English patronymic form of the personal name Hodge, a pet form of Rodger. The surname in most cases originated in the North Yorskire Dales, where it is still common to the present day.
An occupational name for someone who herded swine.
HOLBROOK English, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Derbyshire, Dorset, and Suffolk, so called from Old English hol
‘hollow’, ‘sunken’ + broc
‘stream’. ... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Greater Manchester, Oxfordshire, and Somerset, so named from Old English hol meaning "hollow", "sunken", "deep" + cumb meaning "valley".
Topographic name for someone who lived by a depression or low-lying spot, from Old English holh
"hole, hollow, depression".
English: from Old English haligdæg
‘holy day’, ‘religious festival’. The reasons why this word should have become a surname are not clear; probably it was used as a byname for one born on a religious festival day.
English (chiefly Yorkshire) topographic name from Middle English holing
‘holly tree’. Compare Hollen
HOLLIER English, French
Occupational name for a male brothel keeper, from a dissimilated variant of Old French horier
"pimp", which was the agent noun of hore
"whore, prostitute". Hollier
was probably also used as an abusive nickname in Middle English and Old French.... [more]
Habitational name from a lost place in County Durham called Hollingside or Holmside, from Old English hole(g)n
"holly" and sīde
"hillside, slope"; there is a Hollingside Lane on the southern outskirts of Durham city... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived where holly trees grew.
HOLTER English, German, Norwegian
Derived from English holt
meaning "small wood". A topographic name for someone who lived near a small wooden area, as well as a habitational name from a place named with that element.
Originating from "Haligwiella", this surname means "Lives by the Holy Spring"
, a medieval personal name of uncertain origin: perhaps an alteration of Annabel
, or alternatively from a Germanic compound name meaning literally "bear-cub brave" (i.e. deriving from the elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and bald
HOOD English, Scottish, Irish
English and Scottish: metonymic occupational name for a maker of hoods or a nickname for someone who wore a distinctive hood, from Middle English hod(de)
‘hood’. Some early examples with prepositions seem to be topographic names, referring to a place where there was a hood-shaped hill or a natural shelter or overhang, providing protection from the elements... [more]
This surname is derived from a geographical locality. "at the hook," from residence in the bend or sudden turn of a lane or valley.
This surname may derive from Old English hóc
meaning "hook, angle" and hám
meaning "village, hamlet, dwelling."
A habitational name from locations called Hornby in northern England, though predominantly associated with Lancashire. Derived from the Norse horni
meaning "horn" and býr
meaning "farm" or "settlement".
A habitational name from Cumbria, derived from the Norse Ormr
meaning "serpent" and býr
meaning "farm". Similar in form to Hornby
, Hornsby is a widespread surname in northern England.
HORVITZ English (American)
Surname of Richard Steven Horvitz, a voice actor in Angry Beavers, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, and Invader Zim.
Means "son of Hosea
", a personal name that was originally probably Osie
, a pet-form of Oswald
, but came to be associated with the biblical personal name Hosea
From the Old English name Osmaer, a combination of the Old English elements oss
, meaning "god", and maer
, meaning "fame".
HOTALING English (American)
Americanized spelling of Dutch Hoogteijling, an indirect occupational name for a productive farmer, from hoogh ‘high’ + teling ‘cultivation’, ‘breeding’.
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Cheshire and Derbyshire, so named from Old English hoh ‘spur of a hill’ (literally ‘heel’). This widespread surname is especially common in Lancashire... [more]
English habitational name from any of the various places so called. The majority, with examples in at least fourteen counties, get the name from Old English hoh
‘ridge’, ‘spur’ (literally ‘heel’) + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
"From a hedged estate", from Old English haga
("hedge, haw") and worð
("farm, estate"). Likely originating from the Yorkshire village of the same name. Common in Lancashire and recorded from at least 1518, as Howorthe
, with an earlier version of Hauewrth
in Gouerton dated 1317 recorded in the Neubotle charters.
HOWDYSHELL American, German
Americanized (i.e., Anglicized) form of the Swiss German Haudenschild
, which originated as a nickname for a ferocious soldier, literally meaning "hack the shield" from Middle High German houwen
"to chop or hack" (imperative houw
) combined with den
(accusative form of the definite article) and schilt
Metonymic occupational name for a sailor, from Middle Dutch hoey
Generally a topographical name for someone who lived on a hill or other high ground. As such Hoyt is related to words such as heights or high. Hoyt is also possibly a nickname for a tall, thin person where the original meaning is said to be "long stick".
Variant of Hubert
. "Old Mother Hubbard" is a traditional nursery rhyme. This was additionally borne by American author and religious leader L. Ronald Hubbard (1911-1986), the founder of the Church of Scientology.
From the Norman personal name Hubald
, composed of the Germanic elements hug
"heart, mind, spirit" and bald
HUCK English, Dutch
From the medieval male personal name Hucke
, which was probably descended from the Old English personal name Ucca
, perhaps a shortened form of Ūhtrǣd
, literally "dawn-power".
Means "person from Huccaby", Devon (perhaps "crooked river-bend"), or "person from Uckerby", Yorkshire ("Úkyrri's or Útkári's farmstead").
Means "Uffa's town". A famous bearer is Arianna Huffington, born Αριάδνη-Άννα Στασινοπούλου
Nickname for a meek or lowly person, from Middle English, Old French (h)umble
"lowly", a derivative of humus
A habitational name from Old English hund,'hound', and Old Norse gata, 'gate'.
English: habitational name from any of several places so called, named with the genitive plural huntena
of Old English hunta
‘hunter’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’ or dun
‘hill’ (the forms in -ton and -don having become inextricably confused)... [more]
HUNTLEY English, Scottish
Habitational name from a place in Gloucestershire, so named from Old English hunta 'hunter' (perhaps a byname (see Hunt) + leah 'wood', 'clearing'). Scottish: habitational name from a lost place called Huntlie in Berwickshire (Borders), with the same etymology as in 1.
HURLEY English, Irish
Meaning is "from a corner clearing" in Old English. Also an anglicized form of an Irish name meaning "sea tide" or "sea valor".
HURRELL English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) from a derivative of Old French hurer
‘to bristle or ruffle’, ‘to stand on end’ (see Huron
From a Norman form of the Middle English personal name Wol(f)rich (with the addition of an inorganic initial H-).
HUSSEY English, Irish
As an English surname, it comes from two distinct sources. It is either of Norman origin, derived from Houssaye
, the name of an area in Seine-Maritime which ultimately derives from Old French hous
"holly"; or it is from a Middle English nickname given to a woman who was the mistress of a household, from an alteration of husewif
Southern English patronymic from the medieval personal name Hutchin
, a pet form of Hugh
HUTTON English, Scottish
Scottish and northern English habitational name from any of the numerous places so called from Old English hoh
‘ridge’, ‘spur’ + tun
Habitational name from a place in Devon called Huxford (preserved in the name of Huxford Farm), from the Old English personal name Hōcc or the Old English word hōc ‘hook or angle of land’ + ford ‘ford’.
English (mainly London and Surrey): possibly a topographic name from Middle English hegh, hie ‘high’ + yate ‘gate’. ... [more]
Topographic name for someone living on (and farming) a hide of land, Old English hī(gi)d
. This was a variable measure of land, differing from place to place and time to time, and seems from the etymology to have been originally fixed as the amount necessary to support one (extended) family (Old English hīgan
IDDENDEN English (Rare)
Iden as a village name is to be found in both the counties of Kent and Sussex, and describes a pasture, or strictly speaking an area within a marsh suitable for pasture. The origination is the pre 6th century phrase ig-denn
meaning an island... [more]
From the Old Norse female personal name Idunn
, literally probably "perform love" (cf. Idony
Habitational name from a place called Iden Green in Benenden, Kent, or Iden Manor in Staplehurst, Kent, or from Iden in East Sussex. All these places are named in Old English as meaning "pasture by the yew trees", from ig meaning "yew" + denn meaning "pasture".
ILES English (British), French
English (mainly Somerset and Gloucestershire): topographic name from Anglo-Norman French isle ‘island’ (Latin insula) or a habitational name from a place in England or northern France named with this element.
, the name of various places in England, derived from Old English *imphaga
"sapling enclosure". Alternatively it could have indicated a person who lived near an enclosure of young trees.
From the medieval male personal name Ingebald
, brought into England by the Normans but ultimately of Germanic origin and meaning literally "brave Ingel" (Ingel
was a different form of Engel
- a shortened form of various Germanic compound personal names (e.g. Engelbert
) that begin with Engel
-; the two main sources of that were Angel
"Angle" (the name of the Germanic people) and Ingal
, an extended form of Ing
(the name of a Germanic god)).
Habitational name from Ingoldsby in Lincolnshire, named from the Old Norse personal name Ingjaldr + bý meaning "farmstead", "settlement".
INMAN English (British)
Anglo-Saxon in Origin. Occupational surname given to a person who "tended a lodge or an inn". Surname first found in Lancashire, England.
An English name originating in Anglo-Saxon England. Originally found in an area that was referred to as Airedale, which refers to those who lived in the valley of the river Aire in the counties of Yorkshire and Cumberland.
IRELAND English, Scottish
Ethnic name for someone from Ireland, Old English Iraland
. The country gets its name from the genitive case of Old English Iras
"Irishmen" and land
"land". The stem Ir-
is taken from the Celtic name for Ireland, Èriu
, earlier Everiu
Habitational name from either of two places in Derbyshire called Ireton, or one in North Yorkshire called Irton. All of these are named from the genitive case of Old Norse Íri
‘Irishmen’ (see Ireland) + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’.... [more]
English (of Norman origin): habitational name from Airaines in Somme, so named from Latin harenas (accusative case) ‘sands’. The form of the name has been altered as a result of folk etymology, an association of the name with the metal... [more]
The name of a village in Northamptonshire, England from the Celtic name of a local river Ise
and the Anglo-Saxon term for a small settlement or homestead -ham
Of Old English origin, derived from a place named Hesli
, meaning "a hazel wood or grove".
Means "son of Ive
", a medieval male personal name, brought into England by the Normans but ultimately of Germanic origin, a shortened form of any of a range of compound names beginning with īv
"yew" (cf... [more]
Habitational name from Ivry-la-Bataille in Eure, northern France.
Possibly derived as a diminutive of the given name Jack
. A famous bearer is Canadian singer-songwriter Terry Jacks, best known for his 1974 single 'Seasons in the Sun.'
JACOBI Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
"Jadwin" is said to mean "friend of a stonecutter" (Anglo-Saxon jad "stonecutter" + win or "friend.")
English (West Yorkshire): occupational name from Middle English jagger ‘carter’, ‘peddler’, an agent derivative of Middle English jag ‘pack’, ‘load’ (of unknown origin). ... [more]
Derived from Middle English Janaways
, the name for someone from the city of Genoa, Italy. A notable fictional bearer is Kathryn Janeway, the captain of starship USS Voyager on the TV-series 'Star Trek: Voyager' (1995-2001).
Probably a patronymic from James
or any of various other personal names beginning with J-
Derived from the given name Jasper
. A famous bearer is the German existential philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969).
JAY English, French
Nickname from Middle English, Old French jay(e)
"jay (the bird)", probably referring to an idle chatterer or a showy person, although the jay was also noted for its thieving habits.
Surname of the fictional character Norman Jayden, a character from the video game Heavy Rain.
From a Norman personal name that appears in Middle English as Geffrey
and in Old French as Je(u)froi
. Some authorities regard this as no more than a palatalized form of Godfrey
, but early forms such as Galfridus
point to a first element from Germanic gala
"to sing" or gawi
"region, territory"... [more]
English surname, a patronymic from the Middle English personal name Jan
From a pet-form of Jessop
(a medieval male personal name - a different form of Joseph
). A literary bearer is Miss Jessel, the governess who has charge of the two troubled and enigmatic children in Henry James's ghost story 'The Turn of the Screw' (1898).
Possibly a variant of Jessey
, an occupational name for someone making jesses
(a short strap fastened around the leg of a bird used in falconry).
Ethnic name for a Jew, from Middle English jeu meaning "Jew" from Old French giu.
JOB English, French, German, Hungarian
English, French, German, and Hungarian from the personal name Iyov
, borne by a Biblical character, the central figure in the Book of Job, who was tormented by God and yet refused to forswear Him... [more]
Another of the names brought to England in the eleventh century by the Normans, and mentioned in the Domesday Book. Originally a masculine name only.
From the medieval male personal name Jowet
or the female personal name Jowette
, both literally "little Jowe
", a pet-form of Julian
. This was borne was British theologian and classical scholar Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893).
Perhaps from the English word jump
. A notable namesake was American scientist Annie Jump Cannon (1863-1941).