Browse Submitted Surnames
This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
DURWARD English, Scottish (?)
Means "guardian of the door, door-keeper" (cf. Durward
). A fictional bearer of the surname is Quentin Durward, eponymous hero of the novel (1823) by Sir Walter Scott.
habitational name from any of the places called Dutton, especially those in Cheshire and Lancashire. The first of these is named from Old English dun ‘hill’ + tun ‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’; the second is from Old English personal name Dudd + Old English tun.
Habitational name from a place in Lancashire, recorded in the early 13th century as D(e)ukesbiri, from the genitive case of the Old English personal name Deowuc or Duc(c) (both of uncertain origin) + Old English burh ‘fort’ (see Burke).
DYE English, Welsh
English: from a pet form of the personal name Dennis
. In Britain the surname is most common in Norfolk, but frequent also in Yorkshire. Welsh is also suggested, but 1881 and UK both show this as an East Anglian name - very few in Wales.
EADE English (British, ?)
Originally derived from the Old English Eadwig
, which meant "prosperity / fortune in war." Surname found mainly in Scotland and northern England. Americanized spelling of Norwegian Eide
. Also see the similar given names: Adam
, and Edith
Nickname for a lordly, impressive, or sharp-eyed man, from Middle English egle
"eagle" (from Old French aigle
, from Latin aquila
EAGLEBURGER English (American)
Americanized form of German Adelberger, a habitational name for someone from a place called Adelberg near Stuttgart.
Probably from the possessive case of the Middle English word eam
‘uncle’, denoting a retainer in the household of the uncle of some important local person. Possibly also a variant of Ames
appears in early American history in Pennsylvania and New Jerssey. Jacob Earenfight fought in the Battle of Princeton in the American Revolutionary War.
Means "person from Earnshaw", Lancashire ("Earn's nook of land" - Earn
from an Old English personal name meaning literally "eagle"). In fiction this surname is borne by Catherine Earnshaw, her brother Hindley and her nephew Hareton, characters in Emily Brontë's 'Wuthering Heights' (1847).
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "east", east, and is topographical for someone who lived in the eastern part of a town or settlement, or outside it to the east... [more]
Habitational name from either of two places, one in Humberside and one in West Yorkshire, so named from Old English ēast
"east" and burna
Topographic name for someone who lived by a brook to the east of a main settlement, from Middle English easter meaning "eastern" + brook meaning "stream".
A Saxon village called East Leah has been recorded to have existed since 932 AD. (Leah
is an ancient Anglo-Saxon word meaning 'a clearing in a forest'). There is additional evidence of this settlement in a survey from the time which details land in North Stoneham being granted by King Æthelstan to his military aid, Alfred in 932 AD... [more]
Meaning unknown. It could be from the given name Eden
, from the place name Eden, meaning "Place Of Pleasure".
A common surname used among people whose ancestry originates from the United Kingdom (England, Ireland and Scottland etc.) Shelia Eddy
is an American who was convicted in 2014 for the murder of Skylar Neese in the state of West Virginia.
Topographic name, especially in Lancashire and the West Midlands, for someone who lived on or by a hillside or ridge, from Old English ecg
A surname of Anglo-Saxon origin, and a place name taken from either a village in Cheshire or one in Shropshire. The name means “park by the wood” in Old English.
Habitational name from any of numerous minor places named Edgerley, Edgerely, or Hedgerley.
Meant "son of Edmede
", from a medieval nickname for a self-effacing person (literally "humble", from Old English ēadmēde
Habitational name from a place in County Durham so called, or from Egglestone in North Yorkshire, both named in Old English as Egleston, probably from the Old English personal name Ecgel (unattested) + tūn ‘settlement’, ‘farmstead’.
English habitational name for someone from a place called Elham, in Kent, or a lost place of this name in Crayford, Kent. The first is derived from Old English el
‘eel’ + ham
‘homestead’ or hamm
‘enclosure hemmed in by water’... [more]
Habitation name from the Old English personal name Ella-
ELESTIAL English (British, Modern, Rare)
First used as a surname in September 2000, first appearing on a birth certificate in July 2009. Meaning "protected by angels"; the origin is an adopted surname from a type of quartz crystal, often referred to as a new millennium crystal... [more]
ELICH German, American
Surname meaning "noble" from edelik
. Notable bearer is professional ice hockey player Matt Elich.
From Rembrandt and Giacomo Elie, professional footballers for Genoa FC and Juventus FC.
Habitational name from places so named in Hampshire, Northumbria, and Norfolk. The first of these is named from Old English Edlingaham
‘homestead (Old English ham) of the people of Edla
’, a personal name derived from a short form of the various compound names with a first element ead
‘prosperity’, ‘fortune’; the others may have the same origin or incorporate the personal name Ella
English habitational name from places in Cambridgeshire, Kent, Northumbria, and North Yorkshire; most are so named from Old English Ellingtun ‘settlement (Old English tun
) associated with Ella’
, a short form of the various compound names with a first element ælf
‘elf’, but the one in Kent has its first element from the Old English byname Ealda
An English habitational name from Elmore in Gloucestershire, named from Old English elm
‘elm’ + ofer
‘river bank’ or ofer
ELRIC English, Anime
From the medieval English givin name Elric
. Notable bearers were the Fullmetal Alchemist characters Edward and Alphonse Elric, as well as their mother, Trisha Elric.
Means "person from Elwell", Dorset (probably "spring from which omens can be read").
It's either from a place name in Gloucestershire, England called Ellwood that is derived from Old English ellern
"elder tree" and wudu
"wood", or a form of the Old English personal name Ælfweald
, composed of the elements ælf
"elf" and weald
EMERY English, French, Norman
English and French from a Germanic personal name, Emaurri
, composed of the elements amja
‘busy’, ‘industrious’ + ric
‘power’. The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
A name that came from a family that lived in Yorkshire, where they derived the family name from Helmsley. Probably of Old English origin Helm and ley or leah, which means "a clearing in the woods."
ENGELBERT German, English, French
From a Germanic personal name composed of engel
) + berht
‘bright’, ‘famous’. The widespread popularity of the name in France during the Middle Ages was largely a result of the fact that it had been borne by a son-in-law of Charlemagne
; in the Rhineland it was more often given in memory of a bishop of Cologne (1216–25) of this name, who was martyred.
ESTES Welsh, Spanish, English
a popular surname derived from the House of Este. It is also said to derive from Old English and have the meaning "of the East." As a surname, it has been traced to southern England in the region of Kent, as early as the mid-16th century.
ETHERINGTON English (British)
An Old English surname from Kent, the village of Etherington, which derives from the Old English "Ethel"red' ing (meaning people of, coming from) and "ton" a town/village.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a bank of yew trees, from Old English iw
"yew" and bank
Surname of Norman origin, introduced into England after the Conquest of 1066, and is a locational name from "Evreux" in Eure, Normandy. The place is so called from having apparently been the capital of the "Eburovices", a Gaulish tribe.
Habitational name from any of various places, in Bedfordshire, Merseyside, and Nottinghamshire, so named from Old English eofor
‘wild boar’ + tun
Derived from the Old English homme
, the name of a swineherd in the service of Egwin, third bishop of Worcester.
Habitation name from the town of Ewell in Surrey or from Temple Ewell or Ewell Manor, both in Kent or Ewell Minnis near Dover. Originally from Old English Aewill
meaning "river source" or "spring".
Derived from Middle English eyer
"heir", originally denoting a man who was designated to inherit or had already inherited the main property in a particular locality. The surname was borne by the heroine of Charlotte Brontë's 'Jane Eyre' (1847).
Of uncertain origin. The name is found primarily in the southeastern United States, possibly as a variation of Israel or a form of Ezekiel.
FAIR English, Irish
English: nickname meaning ‘handsome’, ‘beautiful’, ‘fair’, from Middle English fair
, Old English fæger
. The word was also occasionally used as a personal name in Middle English, applied to both men and women.... [more]
From a medieval nickname probably meaning either "better-looking of two brothers" or "brother of a good-looking person", or perhaps in some cases "father's brother".
Either (i) meant "person from Fairy Farm or Fairyhall", both in Essex (Fairy
perhaps "pigsty"); or (ii) from a medieval nickname meaning "beautiful eye". This was borne by Fairey Aviation, a British aircraft company, producer of the biplane fighter-bomber Fairey Swordfish... [more]
From a medieval nickname for someone with beautiful hair, from Old English fæger
"fair" and feax
"hair". It was borne by the English general Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron (1612-1671), commander of the Parliamentary army during the Civil War... [more]
FALLOW English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe
(Old English f(e)alg
). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
Derived from the English surname Fancourt
, which originated in the county of Bedfordshire in England.
From a medieval nickname for a well-disposed person (from Old English fægen
"glad, willing"), or from a medieval Welsh nickname for a slim person (Welsh fain
). This is the family name of the earls of Westmorland.
Meant "person from Featherstonehaugh", Northumberland (now known simply as "Featherstone") ("nook of land by the four-stones", four-stones
referring to a prehistoric stone structure known technically as a "tetralith")... [more]
Fan means "From France" and Thorpe is a Middle English word meaning "Small Village, Hamlet"
From an English surname meaning "servant of Fair", Fair
being derived from Old English fæger
used as a personal name.
(i) from an Old Norse personal name denoting literally a seafarer or travelling trader, brought into English via French; (ii) "itinerant trader, pedlar", from Middle English fareman
FARRAGUT Breton, French, Catalan, American
A Breton-French surname of unknown origin. A notable bearer was American naval flag officer David Farragut (1801-1870), who is known for serving during the American Civil War. His father was of Catalan ancestry... [more]
FARRAR English (British)
Northern English: occupational name for a smith or worker in iron, from Middle English and Old French farrour, ferour, from medieval Latin ferrator, an agent derivative of ferrare ‘to shoe horses’, from ferrum ‘iron’, in medieval Latin ‘horseshoe’... [more]
Northern English: hyper-corrected form of FARRAR
, occupational name for a smith or worker in iron. The original -ar or -er ending of this name came to be regarded as an error, and was changed to -ow.
(i) "someone who lives on a 'farthing' of land" (i.e. a quarter of a larger area); (ii) from a medieval nickname based on farthing
"1/4 penny", perhaps applied to someone who paid a farthing in rent; (iii) from the Old Norse male personal name Farthegn
, literally "voyaging warrior"
From the Old Norse male personal name Fastúlfr
, literally "strong wolf". It was borne by Sir John Fastolf (1380-1459), an English soldier whose name was adapted by Shakespeare as "Falstaff".
From the Norman personal name Faulques
, which was derived from a Germanic nickname meaning literally "falcon". A famous bearer of the surname was Guy Fawkes (1570-1606), the English Catholic conspirator... [more]
FAYE French, English
Refers to one who came from Fay or Faye (meaning "beech tree") in France.
Means "person from Fazakerley", Liverpool ("glade by the borderland").
Indicates a person lived in or near Featherstonhaugh in Northumberland, England. From Old English feðere
"stone", and healh
From Middle English fell
”high ground”, ultimately derived from Old Norse fjall
, describing one who lived on a mountain.
FELL English, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell
, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel
refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts
"tanned hide" (see Pilcher
FELLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell
, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
"hide, pelt". See also Fell
English: patronymic from Fellow
, from Middle English felagh, felaw late Old English feolaga ‘partner’, ‘shareholder’ (Old Norse félagi, from fé ‘fee’, ‘money’ + legja to lay down)... [more]
A habitation name composed of the elements feld-
, meaning "field or pasture" and -tun
, meaning "settlement."
From a medieval nickname meaning literally "fine love" (from Old French fin amour
A surname of either Old French
origin, allegedly meaning “huntsman”, or else more probably referring to those who were brought over from the Low Countries to assist in draining the “fens” or wetlands of England and Ireland – a process which lasted from the 9th to the 18th centuries.
Topographic name for a fen dweller, from a derivative of Old English fenn
Means "person from Fenwick", Northumberland, Strathclyde and Yorkshire ("dairy farm in fenland"). The name is pronounced as "Fennick". It belongs to a chain of department stores, founded in Newcastle in 1882 by John Fenwick (1846-1905).
FERRAND French, English
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval French masculine given name Ferrand
, which was a variant form of the name Fernand
, itself a contraction of Ferdinand
Nickname from Old French fait, Middle English fet meaning "suitable", "comely".
From a Middle English form of February
, probably used as a nickname either for someone born in that month or for someone with a suitably frosty demeanor. In fiction, this surname was borne by the central character of George Meredith's novel 'The Ordeal of Richard Feverel' (1859).
Anglisized version of the Gaelic Ó Faoláin meaning "descendent of Faolán", a given name meaning "wolf".
FIANDER English (British)
The Fiander surname may have it's origins in Normandy, France (possibly from the old-French "Vyandre"), but is an English (British) surname from the Dorset county region. The Fiander name can also be found in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, Canada the origins of which can be traced back to the mid-1700's in the village of Milton Abbas, Dorsetshire.
FIELD English, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld
‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer
‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see Acker
) and on the other to weald
‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see Wald
Southern English from Middle English felder
‘dweller by the open country’.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a house in open pasture land. Reaney draws attention to the form de Felhouse (Staffordshire 1332), and suggests that this may have become Fellows.
Topographic name from an Old English felding
‘dweller in open country’.
This surname most likely means, "Field Man", if it's not derived from the English words themselves.
Local. Has the same signification as Manorfield. Lands held in fee or fief, for which the individual pays service or owes rent.
From a medieval nickname for a trustworthy person (from the Anglo-Norman form of Old French fichais
Means either (i) "person from Filkins", Oxfordshire ("settlement of Filica's people"); or "son of Filkin
", a medieval personal name meaning literally "little Phil
", from Philip
From a medieval nickname derived from Anglo-Norman fitz le rei
"son of the king" (see also Fitzroy
), probably applied mainly (and ironically) to an illegitimate person or to someone who put on quasi-royal airs.
English: nickname from Middle English finch
‘finch’ (Old English finc
). In the Middle Ages this bird had a reputation for stupidity. It may perhaps also in part represent a metonymic occupational name for someone who caught finches and sold them as songsters or for the cooking pot... [more]
FINE English (?)
English nickname for a clever or elegant man, from Old French fin
‘fine’, ‘delicate’, ‘skilled’, ‘cunning’ (originally a noun from Latin finis
‘end’, ‘extremity’, ‘boundary’, later used also as an adjective in the sense ‘ultimate’, ‘excellent’).
FINGER English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec
which is from šcinkovec
FIRMAN English, French
From a medieval personal name meaning "firm, resolute, strong man." Borne by early saints and bishops. First name variants Firman
. Expressed in Latin as Firminus.
FIRTH English, Scottish, Welsh
English and Scottish: topographic name from Old English (ge)fyrhþe
‘woodland’ or ‘scrubland on the edge of a forest’.... [more]
FISK English (British)
English (East Anglia): metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone supposedly resembling a fish in some way, from Old Norse fiskr ‘fish’ (cognate with Old English fisc).
FISKE English, Norwegian
From the traditionally Norwegian habitational surname, from the Old Norse fiskr
"fish" and vin
"meadow". In England and Denmark it was a surname denoting someone who was a "fisherman" or earned their living from selling fish.
probably from Middle English flack, flak "turf", "sod" (as found in the place name Flatmoor, in Cambridgeshire), and hence perhaps an occupational name for a turf cutter.
This early occupational and mainly 'midlands' English surname, is actually of pre-medieval French origins. Introduced into England at the time of the Norman Conquest of 1066, it derives from the French word flaonet
meaning a 'little flan', and described a maker of patisserie or pancakes.
Means "person who lives near a pool" (Middle English flasshe
FLENOT American (South, ?)
I think this could be a French Indian name however, it may be misspelled, and I don't know the correct spelling.
FLINT English, German
Topographic name for someone who lived near a significant outcrop of flint, Old English, Low German flint
, or a nickname for a hard-hearted or physically tough individual.
Nickname from Middle English flo(u)r
‘flower’, ‘blossom’ (Old French flur
, from Latin flos
, genitive floris
). This was a conventional term of endearment in medieval romantic poetry, and as early as the 13th century it is also regularly found as a female personal name.
Metonymic occupational name for a miller or flour merchant, or perhaps a nickname for a pasty-faced person, from Middle English flo(u)r
‘flour’. This is in origin the same word as in 1, with the transferred sense ‘flower, pick of the meal’... [more]
Occupational name for an arrowsmith, from an agent derivative of Middle English flō
‘arrow’ (Old English flā
From the English word flute
which is an instrument.
Nickname for someone with a peculiarity or deformity of the foot, from Middle English fot (Old English fot), or in some cases from the cognate Old Norse byname Fótr.
Habitational name from any of the places in Cambridgeshire, Essex, and Norfolk named Fordham, from Old English ford
‘ford’ + ham
‘homestead’ or hamm
‘enclosure hemmed in by water’.
not sure how i can up with this but i used it for my hp professor oc
English from a Norman personal name, a short form of various Germanic names formed with folk
‘people’. See also Volk
FOWL English, Popular Culture
This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and derives from the Old English pre 7th Century word fugol
, "fowl", "bird", which was used as a byname and as a personal name. The medieval form of the word was the Middle English development foul
, used as a continuation of the Old English personal name and also as a nickname for someone who in some way resembled a bird.
Means "fox stream", from Old English fox and well(a), meaning stream.
FRALEY English (American)
Anglicized/Americanized version of the German surname "Frohlich", meaning "happy" or "cheerful".
English: habitational name from any of various places so called, of which there are several in Gloucestershire and one in Dorset. Most take the name from the Frome river (which is probably from a British word meaning ‘fair’, ‘brisk’) + Old English tun ‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
Status name for a person whom lived on an area of land without having to pay obligations. From Norman French frank
, 'free' and Middle English land
, 'land'. This surname is common in Yorkshire.... [more]
Nickname or status name from Old English frēo
"free(-born)", i.e. not a serf.
FREELING English, Dutch
This is the surname of Christian Freeling (born February 1, 1947 in Enschede, Netherlands)a Dutch game designer and inventor. This surname was also used for the main character "Carol Anne Freeling" in the Poltergeist film of 1982 as well.... [more]
FRENCH English, Anglo-Saxon
Ethnic name for someone from France, Middle English frensche
, or in some cases perhaps a nickname for someone who adopted French airs. Variant of Anglo-Norman French Frain
English from Middle English frette
, Old French frete
‘interlaced work (in metal and precious stones)’ such as was used for hair ornaments and the like, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of such pieces.
From the Middle English personal name Frewine
, literally "noble or generous friend".
Nickname for a companionable person, from Middle English frend "friend" (Old English freond). In the Middle Ages the term was also used to denote a relative or kinsman, and the surname may also have been acquired by someone who belonged to the family of someone who was a more important figure in the community
Means "person from Frisby", Leicestershire ("farmstead of the Frisians"). A frisbee is a plastic disc thrown from person to person as a game; the trademarked name, registered in 1959 by Fred Morrison, was inspired by the Frisbie bakery of Bridgeport, Connecticut, whose pie tins were the original models for the plastic discs.
FRIZZELL English (Rare)
Either (i) from Friseal
, the Scottish Gaelic form of Fraser
; or (ii) from a medieval nickname applied to someone who dressed in a showy or gaudy style (from Old French frisel
Topographical name from the village of Froggatt in Derbyshire.
From the Old English personal name Frōda
or Old Norse Fróthi
, both meaning literally "wise" or "prudent". A variant spelling was borne by British historian James Anthony Froude (1818-1894).
English (chiefly East Anglia): from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements folk ‘people’ + hari, heri ‘army’, which was introduced into England from France by the Normans; isolated examples may derive from the cognate Old English Folchere
or Old Norse Folkar
, but these names were far less common.
Habitational name from a place in Scotland. Derived from Old English fugol
"bird" and tun
FURLONG English, Irish
Apparently a topographic name from Middle English furlong ‘length of a field’ (from Old English furh meaning "furro" + lang meaning "long".
FURMAN Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman
, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann
Northern English: of uncertain origin, perhaps a habitational name from a minor place named with Old Norse gafl
‘gable’, which was applied to a triangular-shaped hill. The mountain called Great Gable in Cumbria is named in this way.... [more]
Habitational name from Cadborough, alias Gateborough, in Rye, Sussex, probably so named from Old English gāt meaning "goat" + beorg meaning "hill".
Habitational name from Gaddesby in Leicestershire, recorded in Domesday Book as Gadesbi
and so named from the Old Norse personal name Gaddr
(or from Old Norse gaddr
"spur (of land)") and býr
GAINES English, Norman, Welsh
English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine
‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium
‘native wit’). The word was also used in a concrete sense of a stratagem or device, particularly a trap.... [more]
From the city of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, England. A famous bearer of this surname includes English painter Thomas Gainsborough.
GALL Scottish, Irish, English
Nickname, of Celtic origin, meaning "foreigner" or "stranger". In the Scottish Highlands the Gaelic term gall
was applied to people from the English-speaking lowlands and to Scandinavians; in Ireland the same term was applied to settlers who arrived from Wales and England in the wake of the Anglo-Norman invasion of the 12th century... [more]
Nickname for a cheerful or high-spirited person, from Old French, Middle English galant
"bold, dashing, lively". The meanings "gallant" and "attentive to women" are further developments, which may lie behind some examples of the surname.
English: occupational name for a messenger or scullion (in a monastery), from Old French galopin ‘page’, ‘turnspit’, from galoper ‘to gallop’.
from the Old Norse byname Gamall meaning "old", which was occasionally used in North England during the Middle Ages as a personal name. ... [more]
From a medieval nickname applied to a merry or sportive person (from Middle English gamen
"game"), or to someone who walked in a strange way or had some peculiarity of the legs (from Anglo-Norman gambon