This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
JACOBI Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
"Jadwin" is said to mean "friend of a stonecutter" (Anglo-Saxon jad "stonecutter" + win or "friend.")
English (West Yorkshire): occupational name from Middle English jagger ‘carter’, ‘peddler’, an agent derivative of Middle English jag ‘pack’, ‘load’ (of unknown origin). ... [more]
Derived from Middle English Janaways
, the name for someone from the city of Genoa, Italy. A notable fictional bearer is Kathryn Janeway, the captain of starship USS Voyager on the TV-series 'Star Trek: Voyager' (1995-2001).
Probably a patronymic from James
or any of various other personal names beginning with J-
Derived from the given name Jasper
. A famous bearer is the German existential philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969).
JAY English, French
Nickname from Middle English, Old French jay(e)
"jay (the bird)", probably referring to an idle chatterer or a showy person, although the jay was also noted for its thieving habits.
Surname of the fictional character Norman Jayden, a character from the video game Heavy Rain.
From a Norman personal name that appears in Middle English as Geffrey
and in Old French as Je(u)froi
. Some authorities regard this as no more than a palatalized form of Godfrey
, but early forms such as Galfridus
point to a first element from Germanic gala
"to sing" or gawi
"region, territory"... [more]
English surname, a patronymic from the Middle English personal name Jan
From a pet-form of Jessop
(a medieval male personal name - a different form of Joseph
). A literary bearer is Miss Jessel, the governess who has charge of the two troubled and enigmatic children in Henry James's ghost story 'The Turn of the Screw' (1898).
Possibly a variant of Jessey
, an occupational name for someone making jesses
(a short strap fastened around the leg of a bird used in falconry).
Ethnic name for a Jew, from Middle English jeu meaning "Jew" from Old French giu.
JOB English, French, German, Hungarian
English, French, German, and Hungarian from the personal name Iyov
, borne by a Biblical character, the central figure in the Book of Job, who was tormented by God and yet refused to forswear Him... [more]
Another of the names brought to England in the eleventh century by the Normans, and mentioned in the Domesday Book. Originally a masculine name only.
From the medieval male personal name Jowet
or the female personal name Jowette
, both literally "little Jowe
", a pet-form of Julian
. This was borne was British theologian and classical scholar Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893).
Perhaps from the English word jump
. A notable namesake was American scientist Annie Jump Cannon (1863-1941).
Anyone with information about this last name please edit.
English habitational name from Keele in Staffordshire, named from Old English cy
‘cows’ + hyll
‘hill’, or from East and West Keal in Lincolnshire, which are named from Old Norse kjolr
English: occupational name for a boatman or boatbuilder, from an agent derivative of Middle English kele ‘ship’, ‘barge’ (from Middle Dutch kiel). Americanized spelling of German Kühler, from a variant of an old personal name (see Keeling
) or a variant of Kuhl
Habitational name from a place called Ketton in Durham or one in Rutland or from Keaton in Ermington, Devon. The first is named from the Old English personal name Catta
or the Old Norse personal name Káti
and Old English tūn
"settlement"; the second is probably from an old river name or tribal name Cētan
(possibly a derivative of Celtic cēd
"wood") and Old English ēa
"river"; and the last possibly from Cornish kee
"hedge, bank" and Old English tūn
Derived from the village of Kelham, near Newark-upon-Trent, Nottingham.
From the name of a place in Shropshire meaning "Cempa's town" or "warrior town", from a combination of either the Old English word cempa
"warrior" or the byname derived from it and tun
Variant of Andrew
, possibly influenced by McAndrew
. Notable namesake is Nobel Prize winning chemist John Kendrew (1917-1997).
From the medieval personal name Kenewi
, from Old English Cynewīg
, literally "royal war", or Cēnwīg
, literally "bold war".
This surname might derive from the surname Kinsley
or from the locational surname Kelsey
(denoting someone who is from either North or South Kelsey in Lincolnshire).
KENTIE Scottish, English, Dutch
Origin and meaning unknown. The name Kentie was spread in the Netherlands when a Scottish soldier, Alexander Kenti, settled at Woudrichem, the Netherlands around 1650. Alexander Kenti was born and raised in the Scottish highlands... [more]
From the settlement of Kenwood in the parish of Kenton, county of Devon, England. ... [more]
KENYON English, Welsh
Kenyon is a surname from Wales meaning "a person from Ennion's Mound"
Means "person from Ketley", Shropshire ("glade frequented by cats").
Americanized spelling of German Kückleiter, literally ‘chicken ladder’, probably a nickname for a chicken farmer.
English: possibly an occupational name from early modern English kidd(i)er ‘badger’, a licensed middleman who bought provisions from farmers and took them to market for resale at a profit, or alternatively a variant of Kidman
English: occupational name, probably for a goatherd (from Middle English kid(e) ‘young goat’ + man ‘man’), but possibly also for a cutter of wood used for fuel. (from Middle English kidde ‘faggot’ (an archaic English unit for a bundle of sticks)).
KIDWELL Welsh, English
The origins of this surname are uncertain, but it may be derived from Middle English kidel
"fish weir", denoting a person who lived by a fish weir or made his living from it, or from an English place called Kiddal
, probably meaning "Cydda's corner of land" from the Old English given name Cydda
"nook or corner of land".
the origin of the name KIFF could have come from a variation of KITH as in "kith and kin". The O.E.D. definition of the word KITH is that of a native land, familiar place or home so "kith and kin" meant your home and your relations... [more]
Probably from an Old Norse personal name Ketilfrith
, literally "cauldron peace". The surname was borne by British clergyman and diarist Francis Kilvert (1840-1879).
KIND English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
English habitational name from any of various places named Kingsford, for example in Essex, Devon, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire. The name ostensibly means ‘the king’s ford’, but the one in Worcestershire is named as Ceningaford ‘ford of Cena’s people’.
From Middle English Kipp, perhaps a byname for a fat man, from an unattested Old English form Cyppe, which according to Reaney is from the Germanic root kupp 'to swell'.
KIRKLAND English, Scottish
Derived from the Scottish 'kirk', meaning church, and land. This name denoted one who lived near or tended to the land belonging to or surrounding a church. A famous /fictional/ bearer is Arthur Kirkland, a main character in the highly popular anime/webmanga Axis Powers Hetalia... [more]
A name originally found in both Scotland and England. From Kirk-
meaning "church" and -man
for someone who lived near or worked at a church.
English: probably a habitational name from a lost or unidentified place. This surname is also common in the American South.
habitational name from any of various places, for example in Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, and Staffordshire, named with Old English cirice or Old Norse kirkja 'church' + Old English tun 'enclosure', 'settlement'.
KITCHENER English (British), Scottish
Variant spelling of Kitchen. A famous bearer was senior British Army officer and colonial administrator, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (1850-1916).
Occupational surname for a person who was in charge of the kitchen in a royal or noble house, or a monastery. From the Anglo Saxon cycene
Derived from a place name in Devonshire, England, and was first recorded in the form of Kitelhey in 1305.... [more]
Kline is one of the smaller groups of anglicized forms of the German surname Klein.... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hillock, Middle English "nappe
, Old English cnæpp
, or habitational name from any of the several minor places named with the word, in particular Knapp in Hampshire and Knepp
English surname which was derived from a place name composed of the Old English elements cnihta
meaning "servant, retainer" (genitive plural of cniht
) and tun
The lineage of the name Knipe begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived on the peak of a hill or highland. The surname Knipe is primarily familiar in the regions of Lancashire and Westmoreland.... [more]
Topographic name for someone living by a hill, from Middle English knocke
"hill" (Old English cnoc
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
Either from the Middle English personal name Knut
, or denoting a person who lived "at the knot", which is the summit of a rocky hill.
KNOWLES English, Irish
As an English surname it is derived from a genitive or plural form of Middle English knolle
meaning "hilltop, hillock", denoting a person who either lived at the top of a hill or near a hillock, or hailed from one of the many places in England named with this word.... [more]
Habitational name from either of two places so named, one in Dorset and the other in Kent.
Probably a habitational name from a lost or unidentified place.
English habitational name from any of various places so called, for example in Lancashire (near Blackpool) and in North Yorkshire. The former was named in Old English as ‘settlement by the watercourse’, from Old English lad
‘watercourse’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’; the latter as ‘leek enclosure’ or ‘herb garden’, from leac
‘leek’ + tun
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, Old English lacu, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, for example in Wiltshire and Devon. Modern English lake (Middle English lake) is only distantly related, if at all; it comes via Old French from Latin lacus... [more]
A nickname for a gentle or malleable person or an occupational name for someone who raised or cared for young sheep. Can take the form Lum
Surname common in Australia & the UK. A variation of Lambshead
which was originally a mis-spelling of Lambside which was the area from which the family originated in Pommyland. Other variations include Lambshed
Shire of Lancaster; One who came from Lancashire, a county in the North of England.
Habitational name from Lancaster in northwestern England, named in Old English as ‘Roman fort on the Lune’, from the Lune river, on which it stands, + Old English cæster
‘Roman fort or walled city’ (Latin castra
‘legionary camp’)... [more]
From the Germanic personal name Lanzo
, originally a short form of various compound names with the first element land ‘land’, ‘territory’ (for example, Lambert), but later used as an independent name... [more]
LAND English, German
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
LANDRY French, English
From the Germanic personal name Landric
, a compound of land
"land" and ric
Combination of Old English lang
meaning "long" and feld
meaning "stretch of open country". It could serve either as a topographic surname or a habitational surname for someone from one of the many locations named "Langfield" (ex... [more]
LANGFORD Literature, English
An English habitational name from any of the numerous places named in Old English as ‘long ford’, from lang
‘long’ + ford
‘ford’, except for Langford in Nottinghamshire, which is named with an Old English personal name Landa
or possibly land
, here used in a specific sense such as ‘boundary’ or ‘district’, with the same second element.
LANGHORN English, Danish, Dutch
Northern English: probably a habitational name from a minor place in Soulby, Cumbria, called Longthorn, from Old English lang
‘long’ + horn
‘projecting headland’, or a topographic name with the same meaning.... [more]
Means "long stone"; derived from Old English lang
meaning "long" and stan
meaning "stone". It can also be used as a given name.
LANSDOWNE French, English
The first marquis lansdowne, land owners for there lords and farmers also know as tenants.
Derived from the name of Lancing
, a place in West Sussex, which was composed of the Old English personal name Wlanc
meaning "family of" or "followers of".
A surname referring to someone who had immigrated from Lapland, northern Scandinavia.
From the old Teutonic word 'lahtro' which is to do with a place that animals bear their young. This was modifed in several dialects to be 'lahtre', 'lattr', 'lauchter' and 'lawchter'. ... [more]
LATHAM English (British)
Habitational name from any of the places in England named with the Old Norse word hlaða
English occupational name for a clerk who could translate documents to and from Latin and/or other languages, from Anglo-Norman French latinier
Habitational name from any of the numerous places in England so called. Most of them, as for example those in Leicestershire, Lincolnshire (near Gainsborough), Sussex, and West Yorkshire, are named with Old English leac
‘leek’ + tun
English (chiefly Devon and Cornwall): Medieval English and occupational, from pre-10th century Old French "lavandier". Introduced by the Normans after 1066, originally described a worker in the wool industry, and was a metonymic or nickname for a person employed to wash raw wool or rinse the cloth after fulling... [more]
Habitational name, common in Lancashire and Yorkshire, from Buglawton or Church Lawton in Cheshire, or Lawton in Herefordshire, named in Old English as ‘settlement on or near a hill’, or ‘settlement by a burial mound’, from hlaw
‘hill’, ‘burial mound’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
The name comes from a small village in England called "Laycock" and has something to do with "the place of the birds."... [more]
Habitational name for someone living near a meadow. Derived from Middle English leye
. ... [more]
From a place name which was derived from leysingi
, two Norse words meaning "freedman" and "settlement" respectively.
Occupational name for a physician’s servant, from Leach 1 + Middle English man ‘manservant’.
From an Old English word leof
related to love
and in this case meaning "beloved" plus the word man
Means (i) "person from Leire", Leicestershire ("place on the river Leire
", a river-name that may also be the ancestor of Leicestershire
); or (ii) "person from Lear", any of several variously spelled places in northern France with a name based on Germanic lār
LEARN English (American)
The surname Learn is traced to an 18th-century settler and his family who lived in what is now Tannersville, Pa. It is an Anglicized version of the Germanic "Loehrner," which name the settler and his family also used.