This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From the name of the River Severn, which is of unknown meaning. The Severn is Great Britain's longest river, flowing from Wales through much of western England to the Bristol Channel. It is one of Britain’s most ancient river names, recorded as early as the 2nd century AD in the form Sabrina
; its original meaning may have been "slow-moving" or "boundary".
Occupational name for a sieve-maker, Middle English siviere
(from an agent derivative of Old English sife
SEWALL English (British, Modern)Dates back at least to Middle English (1500s or earlier)
; many believe it is Saxon in origin
; "may mean "sea" and "victory" or "war""
Perhaps from a medieval nickname for a man who had had sexual relations with a woman of higher social class (from shag
"to copulate with" (not recorded before the late 17th century) and lady
SHACKLEFORD English, Medieval English
Locational surname deriving from the place called Shackleford in Surrey, near the town of Farnham. The origin of "shackle" is uncertain. It could be derived from Old English sceacan
"to shake"... [more]
SHADE English, German, Dutch, Scottish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a boundary, from Old English scead
‘boundary’.nickname for a very thin man, from Middle English schade
‘shadow’, ‘wraith’.... [more]
Origin unidentified. The name Shadue
is recorded in England in the 12th and 13th centuries, from Middle English shadwe
‘shadow’, Old English sceadu
). However, there is no evidence of its continuation into modern times in this form.
Means "person from Shallcross", Derbyshire ("place by the Shacklecross", an ancient stone cross in the High Peak, its name perhaps denoting a cross to which people could be shackled as a penance).
SHANDY English (Rare)
Shandy appears as a rare surname, mostly found in English-speaking countries going back to the 1600s. This name may originate from the English dialect adjective meaning "boisterous" or "empty headed; half crazy", of which the earliest record dates to 1691, though any further explanation for its origins are unknown... [more]
Habitational name from Sharperton in Northumberland, possibly so named from Old English scearp
"steep" and beorg
"hill", "mound" and tun
A locational name from a family in Chaddock, a hamlet in the parish in Lancashire, England. Also a variant of Chadwick
English surname which was originally from a place name meaning "gap between hills" in Old English.
Meaning unknown, though possibly a variant of Sean. A famous bearer of the surname is actor Charlie Sheen.
From an Old English place name meaning "valley with steep sides".
From a medieval nickname for a dandyish (showy) or vain man, from Middle English scheldrake
, the male of a type of duck with brightly-coloured plumage (itself from the East Anglian dialect term scheld
"variegated" combined with drake
SHENBERGER English (?)
The name Shenberger comes from a common mix up with the archaic Austrian-German surname Schoenberg; meaning "Beautiful Mountain."
"Beautiful town" in Old English. Parishes in Leicestershire, and Cheshire.
Probably from a medieval nickname based on Middle English shere
"bright, fair", with the derogatory suffix -ard
English: nickname for a swift runner, from Middle English schere(n)
‘to shear’ + wind
Metonymic occupational name for an armorer, from Middle English scheld
"shield" (Old English scild
An occupational name for someone who laid wooden tiles, or shingles on roofs, from an agent derivative of Middle English schingle
‘shingle’. ... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for a Skinner, from Old English scinn, Middle English shin ‘hide’, ‘pelt’. In Middle English this word was replaced by the Norse equivalent, skinn.
SHIPLEY English (Rare)
English: habitational name from any of the various places, for example in Derbyshire, County Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire, Sussex, and West Yorkshire, so called from Old English sceap
‘sheep’ + leah
(i) perhaps "person from Shocklach", Cheshire ("boggy stream infested with evil spirits"); (ii) perhaps an anglicization of Swiss German Schoechli
, literally "person who lives by the little barn"
A different form of Carbonell
. Shrapnel (i.e. metal balls or fragments that are scattered when a bomb, shell or bullet explodes) is named after General Henry Shrapnel (1761-1842), a British artillery officer who during the Peninsular War invented a shell that produced that effect.
Regional name from the county of Shropshire, on the western border of England with Wales.
Origin uncertain; perhaps a nickname from Middle English schucke
From an English surname of uncertain origin, possibly originally a habitational name from an unidentified place with a second element from Old English well(a) ‘spring’, ‘stream’, but on the other hand early forms are found without prepositions... [more]
Originally denoting someone from Sigsworth Moor in North Yorkshire, England.
SILK English, Irish
English: metonymic occupational name for a silk merchant, from Middle English selk(e), silk(e) ‘silk’. ... [more]
A different form of Shillito
(which is 'a name of unknown derivation and meaning, probably originating in Yorkshire'), borne by British novelist, short-story writer and poet Alan Sillitoe (1928-2010).
Obviously means "silver stone." In addition to people, this is the name of a racetrack in the village of the same name in England.
Alternate spelling of the surname "Sinclair", derived from a Norman French town called "Saint Clair"
SINNOTT English, Irish
From the medieval personal name Sinod
(from Old English Sigenōth
, literally "victory-brave").... [more]
metronymic from the medieval female personal name Siss, Ciss, short for Sisley, Cecilie, or possibly from a pet form of Sisley (with the old French diminutive suffix -on). variant of Sessions
English name of unknown meaning occurring mainly in Hertfordshire. A noted bearer is American country music artist Ricky
SKELTON English, German, Norwegian (Rare)
Habitational name from places in Cumbria and Yorkshire, England, originally named with the same elements as Shelton
, but with a later change of ‘s’ to ‘sk’ under Scandinavian influence.
Occupational name for a slater, from Middle English slate
A characteristic name for someone noted for being thin.
SMALLEY English, Cornish (?)
Locational surname from places in Derbyshire and Lancashire, so called from Old English smæl
‘narrow’ + leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’. This may also be a Cornish name with an entirely separate meaning.
From Old English (smeart
) meaning "quick". This surname was used to refer to person who worked as a handyman.
From Old English Smiðatun
meaning "settlement of the smiths".
SMILEY Scots, English
From elements small
meaning "a small clearing" or as a nickname may refer to a person of happy disposition known for smiling.
From Middle English smoc, smok meaning "smock", "shift", hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made or sold such garments, or a nickname for someone who habitually wore a smock (the usual everyday working garment of a peasant).
Variation of a name given to a blacksmith
SNAPE English (British), Scottish
An old, now rare surname, with various origins in Suffolk and Yorkshire in England and Lanarkshire in Scotland. This is also the name of Severus Snape, a character from J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter book series.
History largely unknown. The word's original meaning, in the mid-nineteenth century, was to snort / snore, or to find fault. ... [more]
Means "son of Snell
", Snell being a nickname for a brisk or active person, from Middle English snell
"quick, lively" (cf. the Dutch cognate Snell
), but "in part also representing a survival of the Old English personal name Snell or the Old Norse cognate Snjallr
Habitational name from Snowden, a place in West Yorkshire named from Old English snāw ‘snow’ + dūn ‘hill’, i.e. a hill where snow lies long.
Variant spelling of Snowden
, a surname initially used by the Border Reivers. Comes from the mountain in Wales.
Denoted a person hailing from a village called Soham in Cambridgeshire, England. The place name itself means "homestead by the lake" from Old English sæ
"lake" and ham
"farm, homestead"... [more]
Reportedly German and Dutch background? Never have really known. The history that has been told my siblings and I is that three brothers came from Germany to the US in late 1800 and went into business in Phila - they eventually argued and split up and two of them changed the spelling of their last name and scattered throughout PA - When I left home in 1963 - mY Father James Edward Soliday, son of John Soliday and Martha Freidline Soliday and us children were the only ones in our area... [more]
Regional name from the county of this name, so called from Old English sumer(tun)saete
meaning "dwellers at the summer settlement".
From a medieval nickname meaning literally "little red-haired one", from a derivative of Anglo-Norman sorel
SOUTER English, Scottish
Occupational name for a cobbler or shoemaker, derived from Middle English soutere
, from Old Norse sutare
, ultimately derived from Latin sutor
meaning "to sew".
From Middle English south
, hence a topographic name for someone who lived to the south of a settlement or a regional name for someone who had migrated from the south.
An English/Scottish locational name from a variety of places, including, Southwick in Northamptonshire, England, and Southwick in Gloucestershire, Sussex, Durham, Hampshire. ... [more]
Occupational surname for a leader or supervisor, derived from the English word sovereign
meaning "possessing supreme or ultimate power".
Habitational name from any places so-called in Northern England. Named from Old Norse saurr
, 'mud, filth' and by
, 'farm, estate'.
English: nickname from Middle English sparewe
‘sparrow’, perhaps for a small, chirpy person, or else for someone bearing some fancied physical resemblance to a sparrow.
English (chiefly Lancashire) nickname or occupational name for someone who acted as a spokesman, from Middle English spekeman
‘advocate’, ‘spokesman’ (from Old English specan
to speak + mann
From a medieval nickname for someone who spread their amorous affections around freely. A different form of the surname was borne by Dora Spenlow, the eponymous hero's "child-wife" in Charles Dickens's 'David Copperfield' (1849-50).... [more]
SPICER English, Jewish, Polish
English: occupational name for a seller of spices, Middle English spic(i)er
(a reduced form of Old French espicier
, Late Latin speciarius
, an agent derivative of species
‘spice’, ‘groceries’, ‘merchandise’).... [more]
An English surname, meaning "the one who watches".
From the medieval male personal name Spileman
, literally "acrobat" or "jester" (from a derivative of Middle English spillen
"to play, cavort").
SPINDLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spindle maker, from an agent derivative of Middle English spindle
, Middle High German spindel
, German Spindel
, Yiddish shpindl
Apparently a metonymic occupational name either for a maker of roofing shingles or spoons, from Old English spon
"chip, splinter" (see also Spooner
English from northern Middle English Spragge
, either a personal name or a byname meaning "lively", a metathesized and voiced form of "spark."
Means (i) "operator of a springald (a type of medieval siege engine)" (from Anglo-Norman springalde
); or (ii) from a medieval nickname for a youthful person (from Middle English springal
SPRINGER German, English, Dutch, Jewish
Nickname for a lively person or for a traveling entertainer. It can also refer to a descendant of Ludwig
der Springer (AKA Louis
the Springer), a medieval Franconian count who, according to legend, escaped from a second or third-story prison cell by jumping into a river after being arrested for trying to seize County Saxony in Germany.
Was apparently a nickname for an active, brisk, or smart person. The word spry
is of obscure origin.
Surname comes from the occupation of a Squire. A young man who tends to a knight.
Surname is plural of Squire. A young person that tends to his knight, also someone that is a member of a landowner class that ranks below a knight.
Byname for a valiant or resolute person, from a reduced pronunciation of Middle English stalward
"stalwart" (an Old English compound of stǣl
"place" and wierðe
English habitational name from a place so named in South Yorkshire.
From the medieval personal name Stanhard
, literally "stone-strong" or "stone-brave".
STANSFIELD English (British)
Habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire, probably named with the genitive case of the Old English personal name Stan
"stone" and Old English feld
"pasture, open country". It may also be a topographic name from Middle English stanesfeld
"open country of the (standing) stone"... [more]
Habitational name from any of a number of places, in Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, and Wiltshire, so named from Old English stapol meaning "post" + ford meaning "ford".
STAR German, Dutch, Jewish, English
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Star, Middle High German star
, ‘starling’, probably denoting a talkative or perhaps a voracious person.... [more]
After Starbeck village in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. A famous bearer of this name was the fictional character, Starbuck, the first mate of the Pequod in Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick.
From a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a starling, especially in constantly chattering.
Habitational name from any of the various minor places named from Old English steort
FROM KUPPENHEIM, BADEN, GERMANY, WHERE IT WAS (AND IS TODAY) SPELLED WITH 2 Ms: STEMMLE.... [more]
STENT English (Archaic)
Derived from the Old Norse name Steinn meaning "stone". Recorded in several forms including Stein, Steen, Stone and Ston, this surname is english. It is perhaps not surprisingly one of the first recorded surnames anywhere in the world.... [more]
STERKEN Dutch, English
Means "strong". Derived either from the Old English term sterċan
, meaning "to make rigid", or from the Old Saxon sterkian
and Old High German sterken
, both meaning "to strengthen."
STEVEN Scottish, English, Dutch, North German
From the personal name Steven
, a vernacular form of Latin Stephanus
, Greek Stephanos
"crown". This was a popular name throughout Christendom in the Middle Ages, having been borne by the first Christian martyr, stoned to death at Jerusalem three years after the death of Christ... [more]
Occupational name for an administrative official of an estate or steward, from Old English stig
"house" and weard
STICKMAN English (Canadian)
The Origin for the surname Stickman comes from the YouTube series Iron Hand character "Tim Stickman" and his wife (season 3) his kids (season 4) and parents (all seasons) made in 2016 and premiering in 2017.
STIFF English (American)
Used sometimes as a derogatory term, stiff means uptight. It is used in a surname in American culture as well as in the media, such as novels, movies or tv shows.
From Old English stigel
‘steep uphill path’ (a derivative of stigan
Habitational name from Stinchcombe in Gloucestershire, recorded in the 12th century as Stintescombe, from the dialect term stint meaning "sandpiper" + cumb meaning "narrow valley".
STINSON English, Scottish
This is one of the many patronymic forms of the male given name Stephen, i.e. son of Stephen. From these forms developed the variant patronymics which include Stim(p)son, Stenson, Steenson, and Stinson.
Habitational name from a place in Cumbria and North Yorkshire, England. Derived from Old English stocc
"tree trunk" and dæl
English: A topographic name for someone who lived near the trunk or stump of a large tree, Middle English Stocke
(Old English Stocc
). In some cases the reference may be to a primitive foot-bridge over a stream consisting of a felled tree trunk... [more]
Derived from Old english stocc (tree bark) and leah (clearing), indicating that the original bearer of this name lived in a wooded clearing.
Habitational surname for a person from any of the places (e.g. Cheshire, County Durham, Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Shropshire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and North and West Yorkshire) so called from Old English stocc
"tree trunk" or stoc
"dependent settlement" + tun