Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
The derivation of this surname is from the Old English pre 7th Century "Crawa", a crow, with "sceaga" a grove, thus "Crowswood". The earliest recording of this placename is in the Lancashire Inquests of 1324 and appears as "Croweshagh".
CRIBBS English (Rare)
Unknown origin. Likely either from the Old English given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname meaning "curly-haired", or from the place Cribbis near Lauder, England.
Meant "person from Crèvecoeur", the name of various places in northern France ("heartbreak", an allusion to the poverty of the local soil).
Meaning "barrel," signifying one who made or worked with barrels.
CROCKETT English, Scottish
Nickname for someone who affected a particular hairstyle, from Middle English croket
''large curl'' (Old Norman French croquet
, a diminutive of croque
A surname of Scottish origin used in the Highlands and Islands and means “an owner or a tenant of a small farm”. The Old English
word croft seems to correspond with the Dutch
kroft meaning “a field on the downs”.
Habitational name from places in Nottinghamshire and West Yorkshire named Cromwell, from Old English crumb
"bent, crooked" and well(a)
CROOK Scottish, English
Possible origin a medieval topographical surname, denoting residence from the Middle English word "crok" from the Old NOrse "Krokr". Possibly a maker or seller of hooks. Another possibility is meaning crooked or bent originally used of someone with a hunch back.
From Middle English crow
, Old English crawa
, applied as a nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion or for someone thought to resemble the bird in some other way.
CROWLEY Irish (Anglicized), English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cruadhlaoich ‘descendant of Cruadhlaoch’, a personal name composed of the elements cruadh ‘hardy’ + laoch ‘hero’. ... [more
Means "coroner" (from Anglo-Norman corouner
"coroner", a derivative of Old French coroune
Originally meant "person who plays the crowd (an ancient Celtic stringed instrument)". It was borne by British entertainer Leslie Crowther (1933-1996).
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
Originally a nickname for a crippled or deformed person, from Middle English cromp
meaning "bent, crooked, stooping" (from Old English crumb
CRUSOE English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
CULBERT Anglo-Saxon, Irish, English, Scottish
Meaning and origin are uncertain. Edward MacLysaght (The Surnames of Ireland, 1999, 6th Ed., Irish Academic Press, Dublin, Ireland and Portland, Oregon, USA) states that this surname is of Huguenot (French Protestant) origin, and found mainly in Ireland's northern province of Ulster... [more
CULLIMORE English (Rare)
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place. There is a place called Colleymore Farm in Oxfordshire, but it is not clear whether this is the source of the surname, with its many variant spellings
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Colla
meaning "descendant of Colla". The Old Irish name Colla was a variant of Conla (perhaps the same CONNLA
Variant of CULPEPPER
. Known bearers of this surname include: Nicholas Culpeper (1616-1664), an English herbalist, physician and astrologer; and English colonial administrator Thomas Culpeper, 2nd Baron Culpeper (1635-1689), governor of Virginia 1680-1683... [more
Means "person who collects, prepares and/or sells herbs and spices" (from Middle English cullen
"to pick" + pepper
Means "person who keeps or looks after doves", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a dove (e.g. in mild disposition) (in either case from Middle English culver
Name for someone from Comberbach in North Cheshire. May come from etymological elements meaning "stream in a valley."
Regional name for someone from Cumberland in northwestern England (now part of Cumbria).
This is an English surname, deriving from the village so-named in North Yorkshire. The village takes its name from the Cumbric element cumb
meaning 'dale' (cognate with Welsh cwm
, 'valley') and Old Norse dalr
meaning 'valley', forming a compound name meaning 'dale-valley'.
Originally meant "person from Cunliffe", Lancashire ("slope with a crevice" (literally "cunt-cliff")).
Occupational surname meaning "a worker who prepared leather".
This surname is derived from an occupation. 'the cutter,' i.e. cloth-cutter
Translation of German Zypress, a topographic name for someone living near a cypress tree or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a cypress, Middle High German zipres(se) (from Italian cipressa, Latin cupressus), or possibly of any of various Greek family names derived from kyparissos ‘cypress’, as for example Kyparissis, Kyparissos, Kyparissiadis, etc.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Cyprien, from a medieval personal name, from Latin Cyprianus (originally an ethnic name for an inhabitant of Cyprus), or a shortened form of Greek Kyprianos, Kyprianis, Kyprianidis, ethnic names for an inhabitant of Cyprus (Greek Kypros), or patronymics from the personal name Kyprianos (of the same derivation)... [more
From the given name CYRUS
. A notable bearer is American singer and songwriter, Miley Cyrus (1992-).
This is an English surname which was especially associated with the Midland counties of the country. It derived from the Old English word of the pre-7th century "gedaeft" meaning "meek" or "mild", and as such it was a pre-Medieval personal name of some kind of popularity.
Derived from the Old French word "Dague", meaning knife or dagger, and as such was a Norman introduction into England after the 1066 Conquest. The name is a medieval metonymic for one who habitually carried a dagger, or who was a manufacturer of such weapons.
From a medieval nickname (roughly equivalent to "precious") applied to a dearly loved person (from Middle English deinteth
"pleasure, titbit", from Old French deintiet
Means "person from Daventry", Northamptonshire ("Dafa's tree"). The place-name is traditionally pronounced "daintry".
From a medieval nickname meaning "handsome, pleasant" (from Middle English deinte
, from Old French deint
). This was borne by Billy Dainty (1927-1986), a British comedian.
The origins of the name Dake are from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the personal name David. Daw was a common diminutive of David in the Middle Ages. The surname is a compound of daw and kin, and literally means "the kin of David."
An English surname probably derived from the French de la mare, meaning "of the sea", though some contend that "mare" springs from the English word moor. This surname probably arose after the Norman conquest of Britain.
Meant "person from Dallaway", West Midlands (perhaps from a Norman personal name, "person from (de
) Alluyes", northern France). A fictional bearer of the surname is Mrs Dalloway, central figure of the eponymous novel (1925) by Virginia Woolf.
DAME French, English
From the old French dame
, "lady" ultimately from Latin domina
DAMON English, Scottish
From the personal name Damon
, from a classical Greek name, a derivative of damān
"to kill". Compare DAMIAN
Probably a habitational name, perhaps from Darnford in Suffolk, Great Durnford in Wiltshire, or Dernford Farm in Sawston, Cambridgeshire, all named from Old English dierne ‘hidden’ + ford ‘ford’.
DANGER English (Rare), Popular Culture
This has been seen in records of the most uncommon American surnames. It has also been used in popular culture, in the show Henry Danger. Although, it's not the character's actual last name.
Habitational name, with fused preposition d(e)
, for someone from any of the various places in northern France called Angerville, from the Old Norse personal name Ásgeirr
"god" and geirr
"spear") and Old French ville
"settlement, village"... [more
DANVERS Irish, English
For someone from Anvers, which is the French name of a port called Antwerp, located in what is now Belgium.
A habitation name in Northumberland of uncertain origin.
This interesting surname has two possible derivations. Firstly, it may derive from the Olde English pre-7th Century personal name "Deora", Middle English "Dere", which is in part a short form of various compound names with the first element "deor", dear, and in part a byname meaning "Beloved"... [more
Nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion, from Middle English darke
, Old English deorc
"dark". In England, the surname is most frequent in the West Country.
Means "person from Darley", Derbyshire ("glade frequented by deer").
From Old English Dearthington believed to be the settlement of Deornoth's people (unclear root + ing a family group + ton an enclosed farm or homestead).
Derived from the location name of Darton, a village on the River Dearne near Barnsley in South Yorkshire, UK.
DAUGHTRY English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) habitational name, with fused French preposition d(e), for someone from Hauterive in Orne, France, named from Old French haute rive
‘high bank’ (Latin alta ripa
Habitational name from a place in Cheshire named Davenport, from the Dane river (apparently named with a Celtic cognate of Middle Welsh dafnu
"to drop, to trickle") and Old English port
DAVEY English, Welsh
Derived from the given name DAVID
. Alternately, it may be a variant spelling of Welsh DAVIES
, which could be patronymic forms of DAVID
, or corrupted forms of Dyfed
, an older Welsh surname and the name of a county in Wales.
Either derived from the town of Dax in France or from the Old English given name Dæcca
(of unknown meaning).
Originally for someone who worked as a deacon or was the son of one.
Meant "person from Dearden", Lancashire ("valley frequented by wild animals"). It was borne by British film director Basil Dearden (original name Basil Dear; 1911-1971).
From a medieval nickname apparently based on Middle English derth
Nickname for a noisy or troublesome person, from Anglo-French de(s)rei
‘noise’, ‘trouble’, ‘turbulence’ (from Old French desroi
). topographic for someone who lived by a deer enclosure, from Old English deor
‘deer’ + (ge)hæg
DE ATH English
Probably a deliberate respelling of DEATH
(i), intended to distance the name from its original signification.
(i) "death" (perhaps from the figure of Death as personified in medieval pageants); (ii) "person who gathers or sells wood for fuel" (from Middle English dethe
This surname is of French derivation and was introduced to Britain by the Normans. It has two possible derivations, the first from the Roman (Latin) 'debil-is', which means literally "poorly" or "weak", and may have been a metonymic for a doctor or healer, whilst the second possible origin is a nickname derivation from the old French 'Theodore' to Tibald and Tibble or Dibble, Deble.
DEEN English (American)
The History of the Name Deen Derives from England, over time spelling variations have existed. The name Deen is used by mostly American English people.
DEETZ English (American)
Surname of the characters, Delia, Charles and gothic daughter, Lydia from the movie and TV series, Beetlejuice.
DE LARA English
Means "from Lara", a Spanish and French habitational name.
DELEVINGNE French, English
Means "of the vine" in French. It is the surname of Poppy Delevingne and Cara Delevingne, both English actresses and models; it is also the surname of French-born photojournalist Lionel Delevingne
From De L'Isle, "of the Isle, from the Isle" in French.
DEMAR French, English
Combination of the French word de
, meaning "from" and the Old French word maresc
, meaning "marsh".
Possibly an Anglicization of the Italian surname Demma
, a metronymic from the personal name EMMA
DEMPSTER Manx, English, Scottish
The name for a judge or arbiter of minor disputes, from Old English dem(e)stre, a derivative of the verb demian ‘to judge or pronounce judgement’. Although this was originally a feminine form of the masculine demere, by the Middle English period the suffix -stre had lost its feminine force, and the term was used of both sexes... [more
Means "person from Denby", Derbyshire or Yorkshire ("farmstead of the Danes").
From the name of various places in England, most of which meant "farm in the valley" (from Old English denu
"valley" + ham
"homestead"). Notable bearers of the surname included John Denham (1615-1669), an English poet; British Labour politician John Denham (1953-); and British actor Maurice Denham (1909-2002).
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place, probably so named from Old English denu 'valley' + leah 'woodland clearing'.
Habitational name from a place in Suffolk, recorded in Domesday Book as Dingifetuna, from the Old English female personal name Denegifu (composed of the elements Dene meaning "Dane" + gifu meaning "gift") + Old English tūn meaning "enclosure", "settlement".
English surname, composed of the Old English elements Dene "Dane" and fær "passage, crossing," hence "Dane crossing."
Habitational name, possibly a variant of Darracott, from Darracott in Devon. However, the present-day concentration of the form Derricott in the West Midlands and Shropshire suggests that this may be a distinct name, from a different source, now lost.
DERRY Irish, English
English variant of DEARY
, or alternatively a nickname for a merchant or tradesman, from Anglo-French darree
‘pennyworth’, from Old French denree
DEVALL French, English
Devall (also DeVall) is a surname of Norman origin with both English and French ties.Its meaning is derived from French the town of Deville, Ardennes. It was first recorded in England in the Domesday Book.In France, the surname is derived from 'de Val' meaning 'of the valley.'
Regional name for someone from the county of Devon. In origin, this is from an ancient British tribal name, Latin Dumnonii, perhaps meaning "worshipers of the god Dumnonos".
Anglicized form of Gaelic surname Ó Dubhuidhe
‘descendant of Dubhuidhe
’, a name probably derived from dubh
"dark, black" and buidhe
English variant of Dayman
). Forms with the excrescent d are not found before the 17th century; they are at least in part the result of folk etymology.
DICKENSHEETS English (American)
Americanized spelling of German Dickenscheid, a habitational name from a place named Dickenschied in the Hunsrück region. The place name is from Middle High German dicke ‘thicket’, ‘woods’ + -scheid (often schied) ‘border area’ (i.e. ridge, watershed), ‘settler’s piece of cleared (wood)land’.
Either an occupational name for a digger of ditches or a builder of dikes, or a topographic name for someone who lived by a ditch or dike, derived from Middle English dike
Nickname from Middle English dell
From a short form of the personal name Dinis, a variant of Dennis.
From a nickname of Robert, a variant is Dobbs.
From the medieval personal name Dobbe
, one of several pet forms of ROBERT
in which the initial letter was altered. Compare HOBBS
Means "son of Dobbin," which is a medieval diminutive of the name Dob, a medieval short form of the personal name ROBERT
DOBELL English (Australian)
Sir William. 1899–1970, Australian portrait and landscape painter. Awarded the Archibald prize (1943) for his famous painting of Joshua Smith which resulted in a heated clash between the conservatives and the moderns and led to a lawsuit.
From a diminutive of the given name Dob
, itself a medieval diminutive of ROBERT
(one of several rhyming nicknames of Robert in which the initial letter was altered; compare HOBBS
Docker is a locational surname from Docker, Westmoreland and Docker, Lancashire. May also refer to the occupation of dockers.
, meaning "something rounded" in German.
Possibly a nickname from Middle English dogge
"dog" (Old English docga
An English nickname for a gentle person from the word for a female deer. Originally a female first name transferred to use as a surname. Well known in American law as a hypothetical surname for a person unnamed in legal proceedings, as in Jane Doe or John Doe.
From the word dog this is the stage surname of American rapper Snoop Dogg born Calvin Broadus Jr. (b. 1971)
DOLE English, Irish (Anglicized)
English: from Middle English dole ‘portion of land’ (Old English dal ‘share’, ‘portion’). The term could denote land within the common field, a boundary mark, or a unit of area; so the name may be of topographic origin or a status name... [more
Occupational name from the Old English root doma, dema ‘judge’, ‘arbiter’. Compare Dempster.
From a medieval nickname applied to a lazy man (from Middle English do
"do" + little
"little"). It was borne by the American poet Hilda Doolittle (1886-1961). A fictional bearer is Eliza Doolittle, the flower seller in Bernard Shaw's 'Pygmalion' (1913); and a variant spelling was borne by Dr Dolittle, the physician who had the ability to talk to animals, in the series of books written by Hugh Lofting from 1920.
Derived from either the village in Oxfordshire, or the county town of Dorset, England (both of which have the same name). Both are named with a Celtic name, respectively Dorcic
combined with Old English ceaster
meaning "Roman fort, walled city".
From the Old English personal name Deormann, composed of Old English deor (see Dear) + mann 'man'. This surname became established in Ireland in the 17th century; sometimes it is found as a variant of Dornan.
DOSSAT English, Scottish
Possibly from French origins (used predominantly in Louisiana in the United States).
Recorded in several forms including Dowsett, Dosset, and Dossit, this is an English surname. ... [more
Possibly from the nickname or byname do(u)bel
meaning "the twin", or a combination of the given name Dobbel
(a pet form of ROBERT
) and Middle English day(e)
Doughty. This interesting surname of English origin is a nickname for a powerful or brave man, especially a champion jouster, deriving from the Middle English "doughty", Olde English pre 7th Century dohtig dyhtig
meaning "valiant" or "strong"... [more
DOWELL English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from the Gaelic name Dubhgall
, composed of the elements dubh
meaning "black" and gall
, "stranger". This was used as a byname for Scandinavians, in particular to distinguish the dark-haired Danes from fair-haired Norwegians.
Downard comes from England as a diminutive of Downhead in Somerset and Donhead in Wiltshire.
This surname is derived from the Old English element dun
meaning "hill, mountain, moor." This denotes someone who lives in a down (in other words, a ridge of chalk hills or elevated rolling grassland).
Either a patronymic surname derived from the given name Dow
, a medieval variant of DAW
(which was a diminutive of DAVID
), or else a metronymic form of the medieval feminine name Dowce
, literally "sweet, pleasant", from Old French dolz
DRAGON French, English
Nickname or occupational name for someone who carried a standard in battle or else in a pageant or procession, from Middle English, Old French dragon
"snake, monster" (Latin draco
, genitive draconis
, from Greek drakōn
, ultimately from derkesthai
"to flash")... [more
The first element of this locational surname is probably derived from the personal name Draca
), while the second element is derived from Old English ford
meaning "ford"... [more
From Middle English dregh
, probably as a nickname from any of its several senses: "lasting", "patient", "slow", "tedious", "doughty". Alternatively, in some cases, the name may derive from Old English drýge
"dry, withered", also applied as a nickname.
I had a maternal grandfather with the surname Drayton who came from Shrewsbury, Shropshire but cannot find any reference.
Occupational name for a driver of horses or oxen attached to a cart or plow, or of loose cattle, from a Middle English agent derivative of Old English drīfan ‘to drive’.