Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
English surname of Norman origin meaning ‘the master huntsman’. Derived from Le Grand Veneur, this title was held by Hugh d'Avranches who accompanied William the Conqueror in the Norman invasion of England in 1066.
Name for someone who lived by a grove or thicket, Middle English grove
, Old English graf
Probably a Middle English metathesized form of the Old French personal name Gondri
GRYLLS English (Rare)
There was an old and distinguished family of Grylls of Tavistock (Devon) and Lanreath (Cornwall) in the 17th century; two high sheriffs of the county then bore the name. The manor of Gryils (commonly mispronounced Garles), near the rocks called the Gryils or Garles, from which they probably derive their name, is in the parish of Lesneweth in that county.
from Middle English gojon, gogen, Old French gougon ‘gudgeon’ (the fish) (Latin gobio, genitive gobionis), applied as a nickname or perhaps as a metonymic occupational name for a seller of these fish... [more]
Nickname for a stranger or newcomer to a community, from Middle English g(h)est meaning "guest", "visitor" (from Old Norse gestr, absorbing the cognate Old English giest).
From the Middle English personal name Gullake
, a descendant of Old English Gūthlāc
, literally "battle-sport".
From a medieval nickname for a greedy person (from Old French goulafre
"glutton"). Jonathan Swift used it in his satire 'Gulliver's Travels' (1726), about the shipwrecked ship's surgeon Lemuel Gulliver, whose adventures "offer opportunities for a wide-ranging and often savage lampooning of human stupidity and vice."
From a nickname or byname from Middle English gome
, Old English guma
, an Old French personal name introduced to Britain by the Normans, composed of the Germanic elements gund
"battle" and rīc
English habitational name from a place in Wootton Fitzpaine, Dorset, Gupehegh in Middle English. This is named with the Old English personal name Guppa
(a short form of Guðbeorht
"battle bright") + (ge)hæg
Occupational name for a guide, Old French gui
(a derivative of gui(d)er
"to guide", of Germanic origin).
GUY English, French
From a French form of the Germanic personal name Wido
, which is of uncertain origin. This name was popular among the Normans in the forms Wi
as well as in the rest of France in the form Guy
HACKNEY English, Scottish
Habitational name from Hackney in Greater London, named from an Old English personal name Haca
) combined with ēg
"island, dry ground in marshland".
HACKNEY English, Scottish
From Middle English hakenei
(Old French haquenée
), an ambling horse, especially one considered suitable for women to ride; perhaps therefore a metonymic occupational name for a stablehand... [more]
Derived from the Old English word had meaning "heathland" and the Old English suffix -don meaning "hill"; hence, the "heathland hill" or the "heather-covered hill".... [more]
A habitational name from either a place named Hadley, or a place named Hadleigh. The first is named from the Old English personal name Hadda
(means ‘wood’, ‘(woodland) clearing’), and the other three are from Old English hǣð
(meaning ‘heathland’, ‘heather') + lēah
HAILES Scottish, English
Scottish habitational name from Hailes in Lothian, originally in East Lothian, named from the Middle English genitive or plural form of hall
‘hall’. ... [more]
Probably a variant of Harefield, a habitational name from a place so named, for example the one Greater London or Harefield in Selling, Kent, which are both apparently named from Old English here ‘army’ + feld ‘open country’.
Location name combining the elements hall
as in "large house" and lee
meaning "field or clearing."
Northern English (Lancashire) habitational name from a place near Manchester called Halliwell, from Old English halig
‘holy’ + well(a)
‘well’, ‘spring’, or from any of the numerous other places named with these elements (see Hollowell
From Middle English halfmark ‘half a mark’, probably a nickname or status name for someone who paid this sum in rent.
English: topographic name from Middle English hal(l)owes
‘nooks’, ‘hollows’, from Old English halh
). In some cases the name may be genitive, rather than plural, in form, with the sense ‘relative or servant of the dweller in the nook’.
The ancestors of the name Hallowell date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Hallowell family lived near a holy spring having derived from the Old English terms halli
, which meant "holy", and welle
, which meant "spring".
Related to Halliwell, this surname means "Lives by the Holy Spring"
Halprin is the last name of the main character the book called Ashfall by Mike Mullin.
HAM English, German, Scottish, Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon meaning the home stead, many places in England. One who came from Hamm in North-Rhine Westphalia, or one who came from Ham in Caithness Scotland's most northerly county. In Scotland this surname devires from the Norse word "Hami", meaning homestead.
HAMER English, German
From the town of Hamer in Lancashire from the old english word Hamor
combining "Rock" and "Crag". It is also used in Germany and other places in Europe, possibly meaning a maker of Hammers.
Nickname for a scarred or maimed person, from Middle English, Old English hamel
From an Old English word meaning "home" or "homestead" and a diminutive suffix -lin
HAMMER German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer
, Yiddish hamer
, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
Habitational name from a place called Hanham in Gloucestershire, which was originally Old English Hānum, dative plural of hān ‘rock’, hence ‘(place) at the rocks’. The ending -ham is by analogy with other place names with this very common unstressed ending.
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origins, and is derived from the personal names Rabin, Robin, and Robert. It has the English prefix 'har', which means gray.... [more]
Variant of French Arbour
or a metonymic occupational name for a keeper of a lodging house, from Old English herebeorg
From a sporting phrase used to guide and incite hunting dogs.
HARKER English (British)
English (mainly northeastern England and West Yorkshire): habitational name from either of two places in Cumbria, or from one in the parish of Halsall, near Ormskirk, Lancashire. The Cumbrian places are probably named from Middle English hart ‘male deer’ + kerr ‘marshland’... [more]
HARKNESS Scottish, English (British), Northern Irish
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place (perhaps in the area of Annandale, with which the surname is connected in early records), probably so called from the Old English personal name Hereca
(a derivative of the various compound names with the first element here
‘army’) + Old English næss
‘headland’, ‘cape’... [more]
HARLESS English, German
English: probably a variant spelling of Arliss
, a nickname from Middle English earles
‘earless’, probably denoting someone who was deaf rather than one literally without ears.
English surname transferred to forename use, from the Norman French personal name Herluin
, meaning "noble friend" or "noble warrior."
HARMER English (British)
Meaning, of the Army or man of Armor, from the battle at Normandy, France. It was formerly a French last name Haremere after the battle at Normandy it moved on to England where it was shortened to Harmer.
HAROLD English, Norman, German
English from the Old English personal name Hereweald
, its Old Norse equivalent Haraldr
, or the Continental form Herold
introduced to Britain by the Normans. These all go back to a Germanic personal name composed of the elements heri
‘army’ + wald
‘rule’, which is attested in Europe from an early date; the Roman historian Tacitus
records a certain Cariovalda
, chief of the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, as early as the 1st century ad... [more]
Means "person from Harrow", the district of northwest Greater London, or various places of the same name in Scotland ("heathen shrine").
Habitational name from Hertford, or from either of two places called Hartford, in Cheshire and Cumbria; all are named with Old English heorot ‘hart’ + ford ‘ford’.
HARTLEY English, Scottish
Derived from the Old English words meaning heorot
meaning "hart" and leah
meaning "clearing". Also from Scottish Ó hArtghaile
meaning "descendant of Artghal". Hartley
is also an English given name.
This surname is a habitational one, denoting someone who lived in a village in County Durham or in North Yorkshire.... [more]
Habitational name from places in Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, and Staffordshire called Hartwell, from Old English heorot
‘stag’, ‘hart’ + wella
‘spring’, ‘stream’... [more]
From the Old English given name Hereweard
, composed of the elements here
"army" and weard
"guard", which was borne by an 11th-century thane of Lincolnshire, leader of resistance to the advancing Normans... [more]
HARWOOD English, Scots
Habitation name found especially along the border areas of England and Scotland, from the Old English elements har
meaning "gray" or hara
referring to the animals called "hares" plus wudu
for "wood"... [more]
Habitational name of uncertain origin. The surname is common in London, and may be derived from Alsa (formerly Assey) in Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex (recorded as Alsiesheye in 1268). nother possible source is Halsway in Somerset, named from Old English hals
‘neck’ + weg
Means "person from Hassall", Cheshire ("witch's corner of land").
HASTINGS English, Scottish
Habitational name from Hastings, a place in Sussex, on the south coast of England, near which the English army was defeated by the Normans in 1066. It is named from Old English H?stingas
‘people of H?sta’... [more]
English (mainly Hampshire and Berkshire): topographic name from Middle English hacche ‘gate’, Old English hæcc (see Hatcher). In some cases the surname is habitational, from one of the many places named with this word... [more]
Southern English: topographic name for someone who lived by a gate, from Middle English hacche (Old English hæcc) + the agent suffix -er. This normally denoted a gate marking the entrance to a forest or other enclosed piece of land, sometimes a floodgate or sluice-gate.
From the Middle English male personal name Havelok
, from Old Norse Hafleikr
, literally "sea sport". It was borne by the British general Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857).
HAVERFORD Welsh, English
Haverford's name is derived from the name of the town of Haverfordwest in Wales, UK
HAWLEY English, Scottish
Means "hedged meadow". It comes from the English word haw
, meaning "hedge", and Saxon word leg
, meaning "meadow". The first name Hawley
has the same meaning.
HAWTREY English (British)
It is the surname of Mr. Hawtrey from the book The Boy In The Dress, by David Walliams. Hawtrey means "To succeed".
HAY English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Frisian
Scottish and English: topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure, Middle English hay(e)
(Old English (ge)hæg
, which after the Norman Conquest became confused with the related Old French term haye
‘hedge’, of Germanic origin)... [more]
English (West Midlands): from a medieval personal name, a pet form of Hay
, formed with the Middle English hypocoristic suffix -cok (see Cocke
English habitational name from several places called Heyford in Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, or Hayford in Buckfastleigh, Devon, all named with Old English heg
‘hay’ + ford
Either (i) "person from Hayling", Hampshire ("settlement of Hægel's people"); or (ii) from the Old Welsh personal name Heilyn
, literally "cup-bearer" (see also Palin
English surname of uncertain origin, possibly from the Old English given name Hægluc
, a diminutive of the unrecorded name *Hægel
, found in various place names. Alternatively it could be a topographic surname originally referring to a person who lived on or near a hillock (i.e. a small hill; compare Hillock
English: habitational name from Haywards Heath in Sussex, which was named in Old English as ‘enclosure with a hedge’, from hege ‘hedge’ + worð ‘enclosure’. The modern form, with its affix, arose much later on (Mills gives an example from 1544).
HAZARD English, French, Dutch
Nickname for an inveterate gambler or a brave or foolhardy man prepared to run risks, from Middle English, Old French hasard
, Middle Dutch hasaert
(derived from Old French) "game of chance", later used metaphorically of other uncertain enterprises... [more]
Means "person from Hazelden", the name of various places in England ("valley growing with hazel trees").
Hazel is referring to hazel trees, while ton is from old english tun meaning enclosure, so an enclosure of hazel trees, or an orchard of hazel trees.
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Derbyshire, Suffolk, Surrey, and West Yorkshire, so called from Old English hæsel (or Old Norse hesli) ‘hazel (tree)’ + wudu ‘wood’; or a topographic name from this term.
HAZLETT English (British)
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hazel copse, Old English hæslett (a derivative of hæsel ‘hazel’). habitational name from Hazelhead or Hazlehead in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, derived from Old English hæsel ‘hazel’ + heafod ‘head’, here in the sense of ‘hill’; also a topographic name of similar etymological origin.
Habitational surname for a person from Healey near Manchester, derived from Old English heah
"high" + leah
"wood", "clearing". There are various other places in northern England, such as Northumberland and Yorkshire, with the same name and etymology, and they may also have contributed to the surname.
Occupational name for a tender of animals, normally a cowherd or shepherd, from Middle English herde
(Old English hi(e)rde
English habitational name from any of various places called Heathcote, for example in Derbyshire and Warwickshire, from Old English h?ð
‘heathland’, ‘heather’ + cot
Famous bearer is William Heddle Nash (1894-1961), the English lyric tenor.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hedge, Middle English hegg(e)
. In the early Middle Ages, hedges were not merely dividers between fields, but had an important defensive function when planted around a settlement or enclosure.
From various place names in United Kingdom. Derived from Olde English elements of "halig" meaning holy, and "waella", a spring.
This English habitational name originates with the North Yorkshire village of Helmsley, named with the Old English personal name Helm
, meaning 'clearing'.
Habitational name from Helton in Cumbria, named in Old English probably with helde
"slope" and tun
"farmstead, settlement", or possibly a variant of Hilton
. This is a common name in TN, KY, OH, TX, and GA.
Derived from the given name HEMMING
. It is the last name of the band member of Five Seconds of Summer (5sos), Luke Hemmings.
English: habitational name from either of two places in North Yorkshire called Helmsley. The names are of different etymologies: the one near Rievaulx Abbey is from the Old English personal name Helm
+ Old English leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’, whereas Upper Helmsley, near York, is from the Old English personal name Hemele
+ Old English eg
‘island’, and had the form Hemelsey till at least the 14th century
HENCE German, English, Welsh
An American spelling variant of Hentz
derived from a German nickname for Hans
or from an English habitation name found in Staffordshire or Shropshire and meaning "road or path" in Welsh.
This name was derived from Hendrix
and means "home ruler". This name is the 25841st most popular surname in the US.
HENLEY English, Irish, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of the various places so called. Most, for example those in Oxfordshire, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, are named with Old English héan
(the weak dative case of heah
‘high’, originally used after a preposition and article) + Old English leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’... [more]
HENNI EnglishA name coined by the contributor of this name, to describe himself HENSLEY English
Probably a habitational name from either of two places in Devon: Hensley in East Worlington, which is named with the Old English personal name Heahmund
+ Old English leah
‘(woodland) clearing’, or Hensleigh in Tiverton, which is named from Old English hengest
‘stallion’ (or the Old English personal name Hengest
) + leah
Habitational name from Hereford in Herefordshire, or Harford in Devon and Goucestershire, all named from Old English here
"army" + ford
HERITAGE English (Rare)
English status name for someone who inherited land from an ancestor, rather than by feudal gift from an overlord, from Middle English, Old French (h)eritage
‘inherited property’ (Late Latin heritagium
, from heres
From Herne, a cottage, and den, a valley. The cottage in the valley.
This surname is derived from a given name, which is the Latin form of Esther.
This possibly derived from a medieval diminutive, similar to Hobbs for Robert.
From the medieval personal name HICKE
. The substitution of H- as the initial resulted from the inability of the English to cope with the velar Norman R-.
HIDDLESTON English, Scottish
Habitational name from a place called Huddleston in Yorkshire, England. The place name was derived from the Old English personal name HUDEL
Habitational name from a place in Lancashire now known as Oakenbottom. The history of the place name is somewhat confused, but it is probably composed of the Old English elements ǣcen
"oaken" and botme
"broad valley"... [more]
HILBERT English, French, Dutch, German
English, French, Dutch, and German: from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements hild ‘strife’, ‘battle’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’.
English: from the Norman female personal name Hildiarde
, composed of the Germanic elements hild
‘strife’, ‘battle’ + gard
‘fortress’, ‘stronghold’. The surname has been in Ireland since the 17th century.
From the name of a place in Leicestershire meaning "Hynca's wood", from the Old English byname Hynca
, derivative of hún
"bear cub", and leah
HIND English, Scottish
English (central and northern): nickname for a gentle or timid person, from Middle English, Old English hind
‘female deer’.... [more]
English (Lancashire): habitational name from a place near Manchester, so named from Old English hind
‘female deer’ + leah
The distribution of the Hingston surname appears to be based around the South Hams area of Devon. The English Place Name Society volumes for Devon give the best indication of the source of the name... [more]
HINTON English (Archaic)
Comes from Old English heah
meaning "high" and tun
meaning "enclosure" or "settlement." A notable person with the surname is female author S.E Hinton.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of Tarvin, Cheshire West and Chester.
Nickname from Middle English hodge
"hog", which occurs as a dialect variant of hogge
, for example in Cheshire place names.
HODGSON English (British)
English patronymic form of the personal name Hodge, a pet form of Rodger. The surname in most cases originated in the North Yorskire Dales, where it is still common to the present day.
An occupational name for someone who herded swine.
HOLBROOK English, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Derbyshire, Dorset, and Suffolk, so called from Old English hol
‘hollow’, ‘sunken’ + broc
‘stream’. ... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Greater Manchester, Oxfordshire, and Somerset, so named from Old English hol meaning "hollow", "sunken", "deep" + cumb meaning "valley".
Topographic name for someone who lived by a depression or low-lying spot, from Old English holh
"hole, hollow, depression".
English: from Old English haligdæg
‘holy day’, ‘religious festival’. The reasons why this word should have become a surname are not clear; probably it was used as a byname for one born on a religious festival day.
English (chiefly Yorkshire) topographic name from Middle English holing
‘holly tree’. Compare Hollen
HOLLIER English, French
Occupational name for a male brothel keeper, from a dissimilated variant of Old French horier
"pimp", which was the agent noun of hore
"whore, prostitute". Hollier
was probably also used as an abusive nickname in Middle English and Old French.... [more]
Habitational name from a lost place in County Durham called Hollingside or Holmside, from Old English hole(g)n
"holly" and sīde
"hillside, slope"; there is a Hollingside Lane on the southern outskirts of Durham city... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived where holly trees grew.
HOLTER English, German, Norwegian
Derived from English holt
meaning "small wood". A topographic name for someone who lived near a small wooden area, as well as a habitational name from a place named with that element.