Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From the Sino-Vietnamese character and ultimately the Chinese character 河
meaning "river". It was probably given to someone who lived near a river.
Derived from the Han character 夏
Habitational name from any of numerous farmsteads named Haaland or Håland, in Agder and southwestern Norway, notably in the county of Rogaland. The farm name is from Old Norse Hávaland, from Old Norse hár meaning "high" + land meaning "farm".
A Hmong clan surname, which is sometimes anglicized as Ham
. It may be a variant form of the Chinese surname Hang
Means "place with aspens" or "group of aspens". This name comes from a combination of haapa
, "aspen", and the suffix -sto
which is used for places and groups of things.
Metonymic occupational name for a dealer in oats, from Middle High German haber(e)
"oats" and korn
Derived from Late Middle High German haber
and Middle High German and Middle Low German haver(e)
"oat" and man
"man", this surname denoted someone who dealt in oat or who produced and dealt in oat groats, porridge or grits.
HABERMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements Haber
and the agent suffix -mann
This surname may have been used by someone whose descendants originated from the House of Habsburg, which was one of the most important royal houses in Europe. It is assumed that the surname is derived from High German Habichtsburg
meaning "hawk castle," but some historians and linguists believe that it may actually be derived from Middle High German hab/hap
meaning "ford", as there is a river with a ford nearby.
Derived from the Old English word had meaning "heathland" and the Old English suffix -don meaning "hill"; hence, the "heathland hill" or the "heather-covered hill".... [more]
HADJ Arabic (Maghrebi)
From Arabic حاج (ḥājj)
meaning "pilgrim", ultimately from حج (ḥajj)
meaning "pilgrimage", referring to the mandatory Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This surname is mainly used in Algeria.
Derived from the word hadži
, which is the Bosnian form of hajji
, the title given to Muslims who have successfully completed the journey to Mecca (the hajj
) or Christians who have journeyed to Jerusalem.
HAFER German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer
"oats". Compare Haber
. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
Hebrew, shortened from haganah which means soldier
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁgáin
"descendant of Ógán
", a personal name from a diminutive of óg
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAodhagáin
"descendant of Aodhagán
", a personal name formed from a double diminutive of Aodh
Definite singular form of hage
, from Old Norse hagi
From Swedish hägg
"hackberry, bird cherry ".
Meaning "field of bush clovers", from 萩 (hagi)
meaning "bush clover", and 原 (hara)
meaning "field" or "meadow".
Metonymic occupational name for a sealer of weights and measures, from Middle High German hāme ‘(standard) measure’.
Occupational name for a poultry farmer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German hane
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Hahn or Hag.
HAILES Scottish, English
Scottish habitational name from Hailes in Lothian, originally in East Lothian, named from the Middle English genitive or plural form of hall
‘hall’. ... [more]
Probably a variant of Harefield, a habitational name from a place so named, for example the one Greater London or Harefield in Selling, Kent, which are both apparently named from Old English here ‘army’ + feld ‘open country’.
HAKURYŪ Japanese (Rare)
This surname combines 白 (haku, byaku, shira-, shiro, shiro.i) meaning "white" with 竜 (ryuu, ryou, rou, ise, tatsu) meaning "dragon, imperial" or 柳 (ryuu, yanagi) meaning "willow."... [more]
Habitational name from Arabic Halabi, adjectival derivative of Halab "Aleppo", a city in Syria.
Habitational name from any of various places so named, notably the city near Magdeburg and Halberstadt near Königstein in Saxony.
Means "town fortified in stone". It comes from a combination of the Old Norse element hallr
meaning rock (as in Halle
) and of the Old English place name Burton
, denoting a fortified town... [more]
Derived from the Old Norse HALLR, which means 'flat stone, rock' or 'sloping, leaning to one side'... [more]
HALLÉN Swedish, Dutch
Swedish variant of Hall
, with the addition of the adjectival suffix -én
. Possibly a shortened form of Dutch van der Hallen
, a topographic or habitational name from Middle Dutch halle
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁilgheanáin
"descendant of Áilgheanán", a pet form of a personal name composed of old Celtic elements meaning "mild, noble person".
Northern English (Lancashire) habitational name from a place near Manchester called Halliwell, from Old English halig
‘holy’ + well(a)
‘well’, ‘spring’, or from any of the numerous other places named with these elements (see Hollowell
From Middle English halfmark ‘half a mark’, probably a nickname or status name for someone who paid this sum in rent.
English: topographic name from Middle English hal(l)owes
‘nooks’, ‘hollows’, from Old English halh
). In some cases the name may be genitive, rather than plural, in form, with the sense ‘relative or servant of the dweller in the nook’.
Habitual surname for a person who lived in the city of Heilbronn in Germany.
From Japanese 浜 (hama)
meaning "beach, seashore" combined with 田 (da)
meaning "rice paddy, cultivated field". Other Kanji combinations can form this name as well.
From the Japanese 浜 or 濱 (hama) "beach" and 舘 or 館(date
) "mansion," "large building," "palace"
From the Japanese 浜 or 濱 (hama
) "beach" and 川 or 河 (kawa
Finnish surname meaning "Tavastian, person from Tavastia". Tavastia is a historical province in southern Finland. The surname is a combination of Häme
"Tavastia" and -läinen
From the Japanese 浜 or 濱 (hama
) "beach" and 野 (no
) "field," "area."
Muslim: from an Arabic personal name, Ḥamdān ‘much praise’, a derivative of Hamid. Ḥamdān was the name of a tribe in Arabia. The Hamdani dynasty ruled al-Jazira and Syria from 905 to 1004.... [more]
HAMER English, German
From the town of Hamer in Lancashire from the old english word Hamor
combining "Rock" and "Crag". It is also used in Germany and other places in Europe, possibly meaning a maker of Hammers.
Habitational name from Haineville or Henneville in Manche, France, named from the Germanic personal name Hagano
+ Old French ville
Nickname for a scarred or maimed person, from Middle English, Old English hamel
According to MacLysaght, a shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁdhmaill
"descendant of Ádhmall
", which he derives from ádhmall
Hammarskjöld is a Swedish noble family. The name is a combination of hammare
"hammer" and sköld
HAMMER German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer
, Yiddish hamer
, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
From a personal name, Hamo(n)
, which is generally from a continental Germanic name Haimo
, a short form of various compound names beginning with haim
"home", although it could also be from the Old Norse personal name Hámundr
, composed of the elements hár
"high" and mund
Hamre is a Surname used by people who has family from the places called Hamre
Shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAinbhthín (modernized as Ó hAinifín) ‘descendant of Ainbhthín’, a personal name derived from ainbhíoth ‘non-peace’, ‘storm’.
Means "flower swamp" in Japanese. From the Japanese words 花 (flower) and 沢 / 澤 (swamp).
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAnluain
"descendant of Anluan", a personal name from the intensive prefix an
- and luan
"light", "radiance" or "warrior". Occasionally it has been used to represent HALLINAN
HANNACHI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Derived from Hanencha
, the name of a semi-independent tribe inhabiting eastern Algeria and western Tunisia. This surname is mainly found in Tunisia and Algeria.
Habitational name from a place called Hanham in Gloucestershire, which was originally Old English Hānum, dative plural of hān ‘rock’, hence ‘(place) at the rocks’. The ending -ham is by analogy with other place names with this very common unstressed ending.
From the Japanese 原 (hara
) "field," "plain," "original" and 田 (da
) "rice paddy" or 多 (da
Habitational name from any of several places named Harbach.
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origins, and is derived from the personal names Rabin, Robin, and Robert. It has the English prefix 'har', which means gray.... [more]
HARBOUR English, French
English: metonymic occupational name for a keeper of a lodging house, from late Old English herebeorg
‘shelter’, ‘lodging’ (from here ‘army’ + beorg ‘shelter’). (The change of -er- to -ar- is a regular phonetic process in Old French and Middle English.... [more]
Orcadian form of Harcase, a habitational name originating from Berwickshire, Scotland.
HARDEKOP German (Rare)
Derived from Middle High German hart
"hard" and kopf
"head". As a surname, it was given to a hard-headed, stubborn person.
HARE Irish (Anglicized)
Irish (Ulster): Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÍr, meaning ‘long-lasting’. In Ireland this name is found in County Armagh; it has also long been established in Scotland.... [more]
From the Japanese 張 (hari
) "Extended Net constellation" and 替 (kae
) "exchange," "spare," "substitute."
Means "esker", a long ridge formed by a river flowing underneath a glacier. Eskers made of gravel are common in Finland.
From a sporting phrase used to guide and incite hunting dogs.
HARKER English (British)
English (mainly northeastern England and West Yorkshire): habitational name from either of two places in Cumbria, or from one in the parish of Halsall, near Ormskirk, Lancashire. The Cumbrian places are probably named from Middle English hart ‘male deer’ + kerr ‘marshland’... [more]
HARKNESS Scottish, English (British), Northern Irish
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place (perhaps in the area of Annandale, with which the surname is connected in early records), probably so called from the Old English personal name Hereca
(a derivative of the various compound names with the first element here
‘army’) + Old English næss
‘headland’, ‘cape’... [more]
HARLESS English, German
English: probably a variant spelling of Arliss
, a nickname from Middle English earles
‘earless’, probably denoting someone who was deaf rather than one literally without ears.
English surname transferred to forename use, from the Norman French personal name Herluin
, meaning "noble friend" or "noble warrior."
HARMA Finnish, Estonian
Anglicized form of either Härma
. The former is a locational surname referring to places in Estonia and Finland. The latter means 'gray' in Finnish.
HARMER English (British)
Meaning, of the Army or man of Armor, from the battle at Normandy, France. It was formerly a French last name Haremere after the battle at Normandy it moved on to England where it was shortened to Harmer.
HARMSE Dutch, Low German
The surname Harmse is derived from Harms or Harm, a Low-German / Niederdeutsch surname or name. In Plattdeutsch/Low Saxon the word sine is used as a possessive construction, hence Harmse indicates that it is the child of Harms, Harm, or Harmensze... [more]
HAROLD English, Norman, German
English from the Old English personal name Hereweald
, its Old Norse equivalent Haraldr
, or the Continental form Herold
introduced to Britain by the Normans. These all go back to a Germanic personal name composed of the elements heri
‘army’ + wald
‘rule’, which is attested in Europe from an early date; the Roman historian Tacitus
records a certain Cariovalda
, chief of the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, as early as the 1st century ad... [more]
A combination of the Welsh adjective 'hy', meaning 'bold' or 'presumptuous' and the common Welsh personal name 'Rhys'. This surname is common in South Wales and the English West Country and has an official Welsh tartan... [more]
Means "person from Harrow", the district of northwest Greater London, or various places of the same name in Scotland ("heathen shrine").
Habitational name from Hertford, or from either of two places called Hartford, in Cheshire and Cumbria; all are named with Old English heorot ‘hart’ + ford ‘ford’.
HARTLEY English, Scottish
Derived from the Old English words meaning heorot
meaning "hart" and leah
meaning "clearing". Also from Scottish Ó hArtghaile
meaning "descendant of Artghal". Hartley
is also an English given name.
This surname is a habitational one, denoting someone who lived in a village in County Durham or in North Yorkshire.... [more]
Habitational name from places in Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, and Staffordshire called Hartwell, from Old English heorot
‘stag’, ‘hart’ + wella
‘spring’, ‘stream’... [more]
Means "spring field", from Japanese 春 (haru)
"spring" and 野 (no)
From the Japanese 春 (haru
) "spring" or 治 (haru
) "peace," "public security" and 田 (ta
) "rice paddy."
From Japanese 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" and 山 (yama)
meaning "mountain, hill".
From the Old English given name Hereweard
, composed of the elements here
"army" and weard
"guard", which was borne by an 11th-century thane of Lincolnshire, leader of resistance to the advancing Normans... [more]
From the Japanese 長 (ha
) "long," "chief," 谷 (se
) "valley" and 川 (kawa
HAŠEK Czech (?)
Meaning "Pure" or "Chaste" from Latin Castus
, a shortening of Castulus
. Diminutive of the personal name Haštal. Noteable people with this surname include Dominik Hašek, a Czech ice hockey Goal-tender and Jaroslav Hašek, a Czech satirist and Journalist, most known for his satirical novel, 'The Good Soldier Švejk'.
Habitational name of uncertain origin. The surname is common in London, and may be derived from Alsa (formerly Assey) in Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex (recorded as Alsiesheye in 1268). nother possible source is Halsway in Somerset, named from Old English hals
‘neck’ + weg
Means "person from Hassall", Cheshire ("witch's corner of land").
Habitational name from any of the places in various parts of Germany called Hasselbach.
HÄSSLI German (Swiss), French (Rare)
Swiss German diminutive form of Haas
. This is a French surname via Alsace-Lorraine. A notable bearer is French footballer (soccer player) Eric Hassli (1981-).
From the Japanese 渡 (ha
) "ferryboat," "ferry" or 羽 (ha
) "wing," "feather;" 田 (ta
) "rice paddy" or 多 (ta
) "many;" and 野 (no
) "field," "area."
From Navajo hataałii
meaning "medicine man, shaman", literally "singer" (from the verb hataał
"he sings, he is chanting").
English (mainly Hampshire and Berkshire): topographic name from Middle English hacche ‘gate’, Old English hæcc (see Hatcher). In some cases the surname is habitational, from one of the many places named with this word... [more]
Southern English: topographic name for someone who lived by a gate, from Middle English hacche (Old English hæcc) + the agent suffix -er. This normally denoted a gate marking the entrance to a forest or other enclosed piece of land, sometimes a floodgate or sluice-gate.
Hatsu is both a Japanese surname and a unisex name meaning "Beginning." Notable bearers of this surname is Akiko Hatsu (Japanese manga artist) and a bearer of the first name form is Hatsu Hioki (Japanese wrestler).
HATTENDORF German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt
From the Japanese 服 "clothes" and 部 "region," "division," "part." This was the surname of Hanzo Hattori (服部半蔵), a famous 16th century samurai and ninja.
A Greek rendering of حاج (ḥājj), denoting one who has successfully completed a pilgrimage. In a Christian context, the title designates a person who has visited Jerusalem and the Holy Land and was baptised in the Jordan River... [more]
Hatzis is the modern form of the Greek khatzis 'a pilgrim to Jerusalem' (either Christian or Muslim), considered a high social distinction. The Greek term is Semitic in origin and is cognate with Arabic hajj 'pilgrimage (to Mecca).'
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to beat" and isen
"iron". This surname denoted a smith.
Habitational name from any of numerous farmsteads named Hauge, from the dative singular of Old Norse haugr
A combination of Norwegian hauk
, derived from Old Norse haukr
, "hawk" and bø
, derived from Old Norse bœr
, "farm". The meaning refers to hawks sitting abode; as on the roof of a barn.
Topographic and occupational name for someone who lived and worked in a great house, from Middle High German, Middle Low German hus
"house" (see House
From the Germanic personal name Huso
, a short form of a compound name composed with hus
‘house’, ‘dwelling’ as the first element.
HAUSER German, Jewish
From Middle High German hus
"house", German haus
, + the suffix -er
, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.
HAUSLE German (Austrian)
Topographical name for someone who's House was near the Woods, from German "Häus" House "le" Woods
From Middle High German haus
'house' and wirt
'owner' or 'master'.
Finnish. Topographical, (haute) meaning, “graves, tomb” combined with (la) meaning “abode, home, or land of….”
Finnish. Topographical, (haute) meaning, “graves, tomb” combined with (maa) meaning, “country.”
Finnish for "GRAVESHILL;" possibly cemetery or simply a person who lived near graves on a hill. hauta ("grave") & mäki ("hill")
From the Middle English male personal name Havelok
, from Old Norse Hafleikr
, literally "sea sport". It was borne by the British general Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857).
HAVERBUS Yiddish, Dutch
From Yiddish/Hebrew Haver (חבר) and Baruch (ברוך), thus literally "blessed friend".
HAVERFORD Welsh, English
Haverford's name is derived from the name of the town of Haverfordwest in Wales, UK
HAWLEY English, Anglo-Saxon
Means "hedged meadow". It comes from the English word haw
, meaning "hedge", and Saxon word leg
, meaning "meadow". The first name Hawley
has the same meaning.
HAWTHORNE English, Scottish
English and Scottish: topographic name for someone who lived by a bush or hedge of hawthorn (Old English haguþorn
, i.e. thorn used for making hedges and enclosures, Old English haga
, (ge)hæg), or a habitational name from a place named with this word, such as Hawthorn in County Durham... [more]
HAY English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Frisian
Scottish and English: topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure, Middle English hay(e)
(Old English (ge)hæg
, which after the Norman Conquest became confused with the related Old French term haye
‘hedge’, of Germanic origin)... [more]
English (West Midlands): from a medieval personal name, a pet form of Hay
, formed with the Middle English hypocoristic suffix -cok (see Cocke
English habitational name from several places called Heyford in Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, or Hayford in Buckfastleigh, Devon, all named with Old English heg
‘hay’ + ford
Either (i) "person from Hayling", Hampshire ("settlement of Hægel's people"); or (ii) from the Old Welsh personal name Heilyn
, literally "cup-bearer" (see also Palin
English (Hampshire, Dorset, and Wiltshire) topographic name for someone who lived at the top of a hill or on a piece of raised ground, from Middle English heyt
‘summit’, ‘height’ + the agent suffix -er