Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Derived from German Rabe
"raven". As a surname, it was given to a person with black hair.
Metonymic occupational name for an adviser, counselor, or member of a town council, from raad ‘advice’, ‘counsel’.
''Somebody who gives good advice'', ''counsel'' Raad = advice.... [more]
A family name first registered in the form Radikain in the 16th or 17th century. Derives from the German man's name Konrad
which in Finland was shortened to Radi.
Habitational name from any of numerous places called Rabenstein.
Polish Jewish name meaning son of rabbi from the root rabi
meaning "rabbi" combined with the Polish patronymic suffix -owicz
From the root rabi
"rabbi" combined with the Polish suffix -ski
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Rabsztyn.
Designates someone from Răciu, a commune in Mureş County, Romania.
Means "person from Rackham", Sussex ("homestead or enclosure with ricks"). This surname was borne by British watercolourist and book illustrator Arthur Rackham (1867-1939).
Variation of Rademacher, meaning "maker of wheels" in German ("rat" meaning wheel), later shortened to Rader and other variations such as Redder, Raeder, Redler, etc.
Habitational name from any of the various places so named, for example in Devon, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, and Hereford and Worcester. Most are named from Old English read "red" + ford "ford", but it is possible that in some cases the first element may be a derivative of Old English ridan "to ride", with the meaning "ford that can be crossed on horseback".
This indicates familial origin within the Bohemian town of the same name.
This indicates familial origin within the Greater Polish village of Radolin.
Altered spelling of Ravensburger
, a habitational name for someone from Ravensburg in Württemberg, but there are a number of similar surnames, for example Raffenberg, a farm name near Hamm, and Raffsberger.
Apparently an English habitational name from Ragdale in Leicestershire, which is probably named from Old English hraca
"gully", "narrow pass" + dæl
Habitational name from Ragusa in Sicily, or from the ancient city of Dubrovnik on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia (Italian name Ragusa).
Nickname for a rough individual, from a North German variant of Rauh
From the Old French male personal name Rainbert
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "counsel-bright" (cf. Raginbert
). The modern form of the name has been influenced by English rainbird
From the Old French male personal name Rainbaut
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "counsel-brave" (cf. Raginbald
). The modern form of the name has been influenced by English rainbow
RAINWATER English (American)
Americanized form of the German family name Reinwasser, possibly a topographic name for someone who lived by a source of fresh water, from Middle High German reine ‘pure’ + wazzer ‘water’.
From an unexplained personal name (possibly of Russian Orthodox origin) + the common surname suffix -nen. It occurs chiefly in central and eastern Finland.
Raisbeck is a hamlet in the civil parish of Orton, in the Eden district, in the county of Cumbria, England. The surname Raisbeck originates from the hamlet. The name of the hamlet derives from Hrridarr, a personal name and beck, a stream or river.
RAISCH German, German (Swiss)
From Middle High German rīsch, rūsch ‘reed’, ‘rush’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived near a reed bed, or perhaps a metonymic occupational name for someone who used or harvested reeds... [more]
Occupational name for a taxman or accountant, from an agent derivative of Middle High German reiten ‘to reckon’, ‘to calculate’.
Rajaniemi: The last name of a group of people who live in Finland. Some live in the United States when their ancestors immigrated to the US in the early 1900's.
The origin of “rajapakse” is from Sri Lanka. Some people used to write as “Rajapaksha or Rajapakshe” but all meaning same. Raja mean King/governer in Sinhala as well as Hindi. Paksha mean Obey
Habitational name for someone from Rajki in Białystok voivodeship or Rajkowy in Gdańsk voivodeship.
RAK Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian (Rák), and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from Slavic rak ‘crab’, ‘lobster’, or ‘crayfish’. This was applied as an occupational name for someone who caught and sold crayfish, crabs, or lobsters, or as a nickname to someone thought to resemble such a creature... [more]
From a Middle English personal name composed of Germanic rad
"counsel, advice" and wolf
"wolf". This was first introduced into England by Scandinavian settlers in the Old Norse form Ráðulfr
, and was reinforced after the Conquest by the Norman form Ra(d)ulf
From a medieval Scottish nickname for a hot-tempered or unpredictable person (from Old French ramage
"wild, uncontrollable" (applied to birds of prey)).
From the Old French male personal name Rainbert
). It was borne by Dame Marie Rambert (original name Cyvia Rabbam, later Miriam Rambach; 1888-1982), a Polish-born British ballet dancer and choreographer.
RAMNARINE Trinidadian Creole, Indian
From a Trinidadian and Guyanese different form of the Indian personal name Ramnarayan
, from Sanskrit rāma
"pleasing" and nārāyaṅa
, an epithet of the god Vishnu.
Habitational name from a place in Catania called Randazzo. Possibly from a derivative of the personal name Rando.
RANDEL French, German
French: from a pet form of the Germanic personal name Rando
, a short form of various compound names formed with rand
‘(shield) rim’ as the first element. Compare Randall
RANDOLPH English, German
Classicized spelling of Randolf
, a Germanic personal name composed of the elements rand
"rim (of a shield), shield" and wolf
"wolf". This was introduced into England by Scandinavian settlers in the Old Norse form Rannúlfr
, and was reinforced after the Norman Conquest by the Norman form Randolf
RANGE German, French
German: nickname for a ragamuffin, from Middle High German range
‘naughty boy’, ‘urchin’.... [more]
RANGER English, German, French
English: occupational name for a gamekeeper or warden, from Middle English ranger
, an agent derivative of range
(n) ‘to arrange or dispose’.... [more]
Patronymic from the Middle English personal name Rannulf
, of continental Germanic origin.
A combination of Finnish ranta
"beach, shore" and the common surname suffix -nen
From the name of an area called Rao, which existed in the state of Zhao during the Warring States period (403–221 bc).
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements rad
"counsel", "advice" + bald
Possibly a habitational name from Ratsbury in Lynton, Devon.
RASCH German, Jewish
Nickname for a quick or rash person from Middle High German, German rasch ‘quick’, ‘hot-headed’, ‘hasty’.
A variant of the finnish word (rasi) for a forest that has been cleared for slash and burn but has not yet been burnt for agricultural means. The suffix "-la" is usually added to the stem of the word to indicate a location... [more]
RASTOGI Indian, Hinduism
They are called as Rohatgi, Rastogi and Rustagi in present time. Rohitashwa was the son of Harishchandra, the god of gods. He founded the town of Rohtas Garh in Rohtas district, Bihar, as well as Rohtak, originally Rohitakul, meaning from the Kul (family) of Rohit... [more]
Habitational name from any of the places, in various parts of England, called Ratcliff(e), Radcliffe, Redcliff, or Radclive, all of which derive their names from Old English rēad meaning "red" + clif meaning "cliff", "slope", "riverbank".
From Middle High German ratgebe
or Middle Low German ratgever
"giver of advice, counselor", an occupational name for an adviser or wise man.
RATIGAN Irish (Anglicized, Rare)
Anglicized form of Ó Reachtagán, meaning "descendant of Reachtagán", a personal name from a diminutive of "reachtaire" ("steward", "administrator") or "reacht" ("law"). Was used in the Disney film Basil The Great Mouse Detective as the name of the villain, Professor Ratigan.
Nickname for a ruffian, earlier for a hairy person, from Middle High German ruch
"hairy", "shaggy", "rough".
From a local variant of the personal name Rao, an old form of RALPH
RÄUBER German, German (Swiss)
German, Swiss German: derogatory nickname, from Middle High German roubære
‘robber’, ‘bandit’, ‘highwayman’ (from roub
Perhaps an occupational nickname for a blacksmith or charcoal burner, from Middle High German rouch
, German Rauch
‘smoke’, or, in the case of the German name, a status name or nickname relating to a hearth tax (i.e. a tax that was calculated according to the number of fireplaces in each individual home).
It means weaver or taylor. In the Gaelic languaje is wehydd or gwehydd.
RAVENEL English, French
Habitational name from Ravenel in Oise or a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of horseradish, from a diminutive of Old French ravene
‘horseradish’ (Latin raphanus
From the Olde German and Anglo-Saxon personal name Rolf
. Originally derived from the Norse-Viking pre 7th Century 'Hrolfr' meaning "Fame-Wolf".
From the word raja, meaning "king". The Sanskrit root is a cognate of Latin rex
, meaning the surname is ultimately related to English RAY
and French ROY
RAYA Galician, Spanish
Possibly a habitational name from Raya in Galicia or in Albacete and Murcia provinces. Possibly a topographic name from Spanish raya meaning "line", denoting the boundary between two countries or provinces.
RAYMOND English, French
From the Norman personal name Raimund
, composed of the Germanic elements ragin
"advice, counsel" and mund
Habitational name from the county seat of Berkshire, which gets its name from Old English Readingas
‘people of Read(a)’, a byname meaning ‘red’. Topographic name for someone who lived in a clearing, an unattested Old English ryding.
From reale "royal", either an occupational name for someone in the service of a king or a nickname for someone who behaved in a regal manner.
From the word rebane
meaning "fox", it was originally given to someone perceived to possess fox-like characteristics.
Probably a habitational name from a place so named in the Rhineland.
RECHT German, Jewish
Nickname for an upright person, from Middle High German reht
, German recht
"straight". As a Jewish name it is mainly of ornamental origin.
Nickname from Middle High German recke ‘outlaw’ or ‘fighter’. North German and Westphalian: from Middle Low German recke ‘marsh’, ‘waterlogged ground’, hence a topographic name, or a habitational name from a place named with this term.
REDDICK Scottish, Northern Irish
Habitational name from Rerrick or Rerwick in Kirkcudbrightshire, named with an unknown first element and wic
"outlying settlement". It is also possible that the first element was originally Old Norse rauðr
Habitational name from Redwick in Gloucestershire, named in Old English with hreod
"reeds" and wic
This surname is derived from a geographical locality. 'of Reddish,' a village near Stockport, Cheshire.
Anglicized form of the Scottish habitational name Reidfuyrd
, meaning "reedy ford".
REDPATH Scottish, English
Habitational name from a place in Berwickshire, probably so called from Old English read
‘red’ + pæð
‘path’. This name is also common in northeastern England.
Name possibly derived from the colour of the bark of trees or the name of the town Reedworth between Durham and Devon
Perhaps "person from Reikie", Aberdeenshire, or from a different form of the Scottish male personal name Rikie
, literally "little Richard
Patronymic form of Reeve
. It is also a topographic surname for someone who lived on the margin of a wood, derived from Middle English atter eves
meaning "at the edge" (from Old English æt þære efese
Primarily Iberian, particularly Portuguese
in origin. A topographic name for someone who lived by a channel.
Habitational name from places named Reichstein (in Saxony) or Reichenstein (in Rhineland, Schleswig-Holstein, and Württemberg).
From a Germanic personal name, a reduced form of Reinmar, composed of the elements ragin
"counsel" + mari
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ragin
"counsel" + bald
Reinking is a German-derived surname meaning "one who is neat and tidy"
REISER German, Upper German
Habitational name for someone from Reis or Reissen in Bavaria (see Reis
). An occupational name from Middle High German reisære
‘warrior’, ‘traveler’. ... [more]
Jewish (Ashkenazic) nickname for a traveler, from an agent derivative of German reisen
‘to travel’ (see Reise
). Also a variant of Reis
A habitational name for someone from a place called Reisen (for example in Bavaria), Reissen in Thuringia, or Reussen on the Saale river. A variant of Reiser
Also from an agent derivative of Middle High German, Middle Low German rise
‘veil’; perhaps an occupational name for someone who made veils.
Patronymic from a pet form of one of the Germanic compound names formed with ragin
"counsel" as the first element.
The name of people from the small town Rekdal in West-Norway. Former footballer Kjetil Rekdal (1968- ) is the most known person from there.
From the Old French male personal name Riulf
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "power-wolf" (cf. Riculf
From Chinese 任 (ren)
meaning "trust, to rely on, appoint", "to bear, duty, office", or "allow".
Derived from Irish Gaelic, meaning "sharp- or star-pointed."
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Rinn Friù
, meaning "cradle of the Royal Stewards." It is derived from either the historical county of Renfrewshire in the west central lowlands of Scotland, or the town of Renfrew within both the historical and present-day boundaries of the county.
RENGEL German (Swiss)
From a pet form of a Germanic personal name formed with rang
"curved", "bending"; "slender".
Habitational name from a place called Rengel in Málaga province.
RENSHAW English, Scottish
A habitational surname from any of the so-called or like-sounding places in the United Kingdom. These include Renishaw in Derbyshire, Ramshaw in Durham, Renshaw (no longer exists) in Cheshire and Radshaw in Yorkshire.
Spanish Castilianized variant of Basque Errenteria
, habitational name from either of the two Basque towns called Errenteria in Gipuzkoa and Biscay provinces, Basque Country.
REPASS German (Swiss)
An Americanization of the Swiss Rippas
. The first recorded person with this surname was from Ziefen, Switzerland.
Variant of Ricward
, from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ric
‘power(ful)’ + ward
From an Italian nickname derived from the dialectal word restivu meaning "uncommunicative, reserved".
Means "person from Restowrack", farm in Cornwall ("watery hill-spur").
Castilianized variant of Basque Erreta, a habitational name from a town called Erreta in Navarre, Basque Country
REUSSER Swiss, German, Upper German
In Switzerland, an occupational name for a fisherman or maker of fish traps, from an agent derivative of Middle High German riuse
‘fish trap’, ‘weir basket’. A nickname from an agent noun based on Middle High German riusen
‘to moan or complain’... [more]
From a medieval nickname for someone who is full of noisy enthusiasm and energy (from Middle English revel
from the surname Revel, a variant of Revell
, a Middle English and Old French name referring to festivity
It's a Jewish last name, used by Jews in Russia and Ukraine mostly. Its not very popular, but its not a one-of-a-kind... [more]
REZNIKOV Russian, Jewish
Derived from the Czech word "řezník" meaning "butcher". Used in both Russia and Israel.
May be a variant of the German surname Reisner
, a habitational name for someone from a place called Reisen (for example in Bavaria), Reissen in Thuringia, or Reussen on the Saale river.
From the German name for the River Rhine, denoting somebody whom lived within close proximity to the river. The river name itself comes from a Celtic word meaning 'to flow' (Welsh redan
, 'run, flow').
RHINE German, French, English, Irish
A habitational name for an individual whom lived within close proximity of the River Rhine (see Rhein
). The river name is derived from a Celtic word meaning 'to flow' (Welsh redan
, 'flow').... [more]
This name originates from the small village in Lancashire that shares the same name. Interestingly, most people with the name 'Ribchester' are in Lancashire, but a lot are also found in Newcastle Upon Tyne.
RICHERS English, German
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ric
‘power(ful)’ + hari
‘army’. The name was introduced into England by the Normans in the form Richier
, but was largely absorbed by the much more common Richard
Patronymic form of Rickel or possibly Richel. May have been derived from any of a number of Old German personal names including Richild (or the feminine form Richeldis) or Richold.
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names composed with rīc
RIDDELL Scottish, English
From a Norman personal name, Ridel
. Reaney explains this as a nickname from Old French ridel
‘small hill’ (a diminutive of ride
‘fold’, of Germanic origin), but a more probable source is a Germanic personal name derived from the element rīd
A different form of Reddick
("person from Rerwick or Rerrick", Dumfries and Galloway (perhaps "robbers' outlying settlement")). A fictional bearer of the surname is Richard B. Riddick, (anti)hero of the 'Chronicles of Riddick' movies.
Means "outrider (a municipal or monastic official in the Middle Ages whose job was to ride around the country collecting dues and supervising manors)".
Topographic name for someone who lived on or by a ridge, Middle English rigge
, or a habitational name from any of the places named with this word, as for example Ridge in Hertfordshire. The surname is also fairly common in Ireland, in County Galway, having been taken to Connacht in the early 17th century... [more]
Comes from Middle English 'riggewey'
, hence a topographic name for someone who lived by such a route or a habitational name from any of various places so named, for example in Cheshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, and Staffordshire.
From Middle High German rigel
"bar, crossbeam, mountain incline", hence a topographic name or a habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word in Baden, Brandenburg, and Silesia; in some instances it may have been a metonymic occupational name for a maker of crossbars, locks, etc.
RIESER Swiss, German
Alemannic form of Reiser
. A habitational name for someone from Ries near Passau. Alemannic variant of Rüsser
, a variant of Reusser
. Altered spelling of Riesser
, a habitational name for someone from Ries(s), a region of Bavaria.