are used by Celtic peoples.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
FOGARTY Irish (Anglicized)
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Fógartaigh ‘son of Fógartach’, a personal name from fógartha meaning "proclaimed", "banished", "outlawed". It is sometimes Anglicized as Howard
As a northern Irish surname it is derived from the Gaelic personal name Searrach
, which was based on searrach
"foal, colt" and anglicized as Foley
because of its phonetic similarity to English foal
Anglicized version of ó Fuada, or 'descendent of Fuada'. It comes from the personal name 'fuad' or 'swift' but also 'rush' and 'speed'.
FOY Irish (Anglicized)
A different form of Fahy
(from Irish Gaelic Ó Fathaigh
"descendant of Fathach
", a personal name probably based on Gaelic fothadh
Originally spelled Ffrost (the double ff is a Welsh letter). The Welsh word ffrost refered to someone who is excessively bold or a brag, especially with regard to warrior feats. Edmund Ffrost signed his name this way on the ship's register of the boat which brought him to the Massachussett's Bay Colony in 1631... [more]
FURLONG English, Irish
Apparently a topographic name from Middle English furlong ‘length of a field’ (from Old English furh meaning "furro" + lang meaning "long".
Means "battlefield" in Welsh. Comes from the Welsh word gad
which means battlefield.
GAINES English, Norman, Welsh
English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine
‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium
‘native wit’). The word was also used in a concrete sense of a stratagem or device, particularly a trap.... [more]
GALBRAITH Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
Ethnic name for someone descended from a tribe of Britons living in Scotland, from Gaelic gall
‘stranger’ + Breathnach
‘Briton’ (i.e. ‘British foreigner’). These were either survivors of the British peoples who lived in Scotland before the Gaelic invasions from Ireland in the 5th century (in particular the Welsh-speaking Strathclyde Britons, who survived as a distinctive ethnic group until about the 14th century), or others who had perhaps migrated northwestwards at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
GALL Scottish, Irish, English
Nickname, of Celtic origin, meaning "foreigner" or "stranger". In the Scottish Highlands the Gaelic term gall
was applied to people from the English-speaking lowlands and to Scandinavians; in Ireland the same term was applied to settlers who arrived from Wales and England in the wake of the Anglo-Norman invasion of the 12th century... [more]
This name is a last name for the Irish it means Liam Gamon.
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mag Fhionnáin
, a patronymic from the personal name Fionnán
. This name, from a diminutive of fionn
‘white’, ‘fair’, was borne by several early Irish saints.
to denote 'son of Geargain' a name which originally in derived from 'gearg' which meant grouse but which was often used figuratively for warrior
GEDDES Scottish, Irish
There is a place of this name in Nairn, but the name is more likely to be a patronymic from Geddie.
This unusual name is the patronymic form of the surname Gee
, and means "son of Gee", from the male given name which was a short form of male personal names such as "Geoffrey
" and "Gerard
Anglicised form of the Gaelic Mag Oireachtaigh, meaning "son of Oireachtach", which in turn means "member of the assembly".
the son of Oireachtach (member of an assembly).
GILLESPIE Scottish, Irish
Gillespie can be of Scottish and Irish origin. The literal meaning is "servant of bishop", but it is a forename rather than a status name. The Irish Gillespies, originally MacGiollaEaspuig, are said to to be called after one Easpog Eoghan, or Bishop Owen, of Ardstraw, County Tyrone... [more]
From the Welsh personal name Gutyn
, a pet form of GRUFFYDD
, with the redundant addition of English patronymic -s
Possibly a patronymic from a byname from Welsh cethin
Nickname meaning "gray, green, silver-haired".
GLASS Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of the epithet glas
"gray, green, blue" or any of various Gaelic surnames derived from it.
GLISSEN English, Irish
Possible British version of the Irish surname Glasson from the the Gaelic word O’Glasain. Meaning green from the counties of Tipperary.
GLYNN Welsh, Cornish
Topographic name for someone who lived in a valley, Welsh glyn
, Cornish glin
, or a habitational name from a place named with this word.
GORMLEY Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicised form of Ó Gormghaile
meaning "descendant of Gormghal," Gormghal, a personal name, being derived from gorm
meaning "noble, (dark) blue" and gal
meaning "valour, ardour."
Nickname for a red-haired person, from Welsh coch
Breton combination of gour
meaning "a charming, affable, gentle or conciliatory man". The digraph -ff
was introduced by Middle Ages' authors to indicate a nasalized vowel.
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Gobhann ‘descendant of the smith’.
This surname is of Old Gaelic origin, and is a variant of "Cribben", which itself is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic name "MacRoibin
", meaning "son of (mac) Robin", a patronymic from the Anglo-Norman French given name "Robin"... [more]
GRIFFIN Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized (part translated) form of Gaelic Ó Gríobhtha "descendant of Gríobhtha
", a personal name from gríobh
GUTHRIE Scottish, Irish, German
Scottish: habitational name from a place near Forfar, named in Gaelic with gaothair
‘windy place’ (a derivative of gaoth
‘wind’) + the locative suffix -ach
. Possibly an Anglicized form of Scottish Gaelic Mag Uchtre
‘son of Uchtre
’, a personal name of uncertain origin, perhaps akin to uchtlach
Welsh. Derivitive of Gwynn. Modified in the 19th century when the family came to the United States.
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁgáin
"descendant of Ógán
", a personal name from a diminutive of óg
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAodhagáin
"descendant of Aodhagán
", a personal name formed from a double diminutive of Aodh
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁilgheanáin
"descendant of Áilgheanán", a pet form of a personal name composed of old Celtic elements meaning "mild, noble person".
According to MacLysaght, a shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁdhmaill
"descendant of Ádhmall
", which he derives from ádhmall
Variant spelling of "Hanmer", parish in Flintshire.
Shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAinbhthín (modernized as Ó hAinifín) ‘descendant of Ainbhthín’, a personal name derived from ainbhíoth ‘non-peace’, ‘storm’.
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAnluain
"descendant of Anluan", a personal name from the intensive prefix an
- and luan
"light", "radiance" or "warrior". Occasionally it has been used to represent HALLINAN
A Welsh topographical surname, deviring from 'Hand', a cock, and 'Mere', a lake. A parish in Flintshire, now Wrexham.
HARE Irish (Anglicized)
Irish (Ulster): Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÍr, meaning ‘long-lasting’. In Ireland this name is found in County Armagh; it has also long been established in Scotland.... [more]
A combination of the Welsh adjective 'hy', meaning 'bold' or 'presumptuous' and the common Welsh personal name 'Rhys'. This surname is common in South Wales and the English West Country and has an official Welsh tartan... [more]
HAVERFORD Welsh, English
Haverford's name is derived from the name of the town of Haverfordwest in Wales, UK
HAY English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Frisian
Scottish and English: topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure, Middle English hay(e)
(Old English (ge)hæg
, which after the Norman Conquest became confused with the related Old French term haye
‘hedge’, of Germanic origin)... [more]
Southern Irish: reduced form of O’Healy
, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÉilidhe ‘descendant of the claimant’, from éilidhe ‘claimant’, or of Gaelic Ó hÉalaighthe ‘descendant of Éaladhach’, a personal name probably from ealadhach ‘ingenious’.
HENCE German, English, Welsh
An American spelling variant of Hentz
derived from a German nickname for Hans
or from an English habitation name found in Staffordshire or Shropshire and meaning "road or path" in Welsh.
HENLEY English, Irish, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of the various places so called. Most, for example those in Oxfordshire, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, are named with Old English héan
(the weak dative case of heah
‘high’, originally used after a preposition and article) + Old English leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’... [more]
A variant of the traditionally Irish surname Hennessey
, an Anglicization of Ó hAonghusa
meaning "‘descendant of Aonghus
Derived from the name of an ancestor meaning "Son of Anwyl"
From Irish Gaelic Ó hIarfhlatha
"descendant of Iarfhlaith
", a personal name meaning literally "lord of the west".
I can only date it back to Armagh County, Ireland in the early 1800s.
Comes from Hick, a Welsh diminutive of Richard
, so it literally means "Richard's men".
HOOD English, Scottish, Irish
English and Scottish: metonymic occupational name for a maker of hoods or a nickname for someone who wore a distinctive hood, from Middle English hod(de)
‘hood’. Some early examples with prepositions seem to be topographic names, referring to a place where there was a hood-shaped hill or a natural shelter or overhang, providing protection from the elements... [more]
The last name Horan means warlike.It is the last name of one direction member Niall Horan
HURLEY English, Irish
Meaning is "from a corner clearing" in Old English. Also an anglicized form of an Irish name meaning "sea tide" or "sea valor".
HUSSEY English, Irish
As an English surname, it comes from two distinct sources. It is either of Norman origin, derived from Houssaye
, the name of an area in Seine-Maritime which ultimately derives from Old French hous
"holly"; or it is from a Middle English nickname given to a woman who was the mistress of a household, from an alteration of husewif
JENKS Engish, Welsh
English (also found in Wales) patronymic from the Middle English personal name Jenk
, a back-formation from Jenkin
with the removal of the supposed Anglo-Norman French diminutive suffix -in
While the ancestors of the bearers of Joines came from ancient Welsh-Celtic origins, the name itself has its roots in Christianity. This surname comes from the personal name John, which is derived from the Latin Johannes... [more]
KANE Irish, Norwegian
From the anglicized Irish surname Cathan, meaning "warlike." In Norway, it's used as a noble name.
Breton form of Carter
. This was the birth surname of Breton-French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who is known for discovering the gulf of St. Lawrence.
KEANE Irish (Modern)
A nickname for a "brave" or "proud" person deriving from Middle English given name Kene
KEARNS Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Céirín
‘descendant of Céirín
’, a personal name from a diminutive of ciar
‘dark’, ‘black’. English patronymic -s
has been added superfluously.
Topographic name of Norman origin name dating back to the 13th century.
From Gaelic Ó Céileachair
meaning "son of Céileachar". The Irish given name Céileachar
means "companion-dear", i.e., "lover of company".
KENYON English, Welsh
Kenyon is a surname from Wales meaning "a person from Ennion's Mound"
Possibly derived from a Breton place name, apparently composed of Breton kêr
"city" and the name Jean
KIDWELL Welsh, English
The origins of this surname are uncertain, but it may be derived from Middle English kidel
"fish weir", denoting a person who lived by a fish weir or made his living from it, or from an English place called Kiddal
, probably meaning "Cydda's corner of land" from the Old English given name Cydda
"nook or corner of land".
KIERAN Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Ciaráin
‘descendant of Ciarán
’, a byname from a diminutive of ciar
‘dark’, ‘black-haired’. It was borne by two Irish saints, a hermit of the 5th century and the founder of the monastery at Clonmacnoise.
Indicated a person who was from Kilcommon, Erris, County Mayo in Ireland. The place name Kilcommon derives from the Gaeltacht phrase Cill Chomáin
, meaning "church of St. Comán."
From Gaelic Uí Ceinnsealaigh
meaning "descendant of Cinnsealach", a given name probably meaning "chief warrior".
From Gaelic Ó Ciardhubháin
meaning "descendant of Ciardhubhán", a given name composed of the elements ciar
"dark" and dubh
"black" combined with a diminutive suffix.
KNOWLES English, Irish
As an English surname it is derived from a genitive or plural form of Middle English knolle
meaning "hilltop, hillock", denoting a person who either lived at the top of a hill or near a hillock, or hailed from one of the many places in England named with this word.... [more]
From Gaelic Ó Cadháin
meaning "descendant of Cadhán", a byname meaning "barnacle goose".
Lackey was originally a name for a horse servant.
Lahey and Leahy originate from two different Gaelic surnames. Lahey, Lahy, Lahiff, Lahiffe, Laffey, and Lahive all originate from the Gaelic surname O Laithimh, which itself is a variant of O Flaithimh... [more]
LAHIFFE Irish (Rare)
From Irish Ó Laochdha
meaning "descendant of the hero" or "descendant of the heroic", ultimately from laoch
LAVERY Irish, Northern Irish
From the Gaelic Ó Labhradha
, "descendants of Labhradha" (speaker, spokesman
, the father of Etru, chief of the Monagh of the Irish over-kingdom of Ulaid); the name of an ancient family originating from Magh Rath (present-day Moira, County Down, Northern Ireland)... [more]
LAWLER Irish, Scottish
This Irish surname is of Gaelic language origin. The surname derives from the original Gaelic 'O'Leathlobhair' meaning 'descendant of leathlobhair'. Leathlobhair derives from 'Leath' meaning 'Half' and 'Lobhar' meaning 'leper'.... [more]
LECKEY Scottish, English, Irish
Originally Scottish, but also found in England, Northern Ireland and Ireland. Possibly derives from the barony of Leckie (meaning "place of flagstones", from Gaelic leac
, "flagstone") in Stirlingshire.
Lehane (Irish: Ó Liatháin) is an uncommon Irish surname, typically from County Cork. Ó Liatháin is more frequently anglicized as Lane or Lyons. The surname is also found in County Donegal where it was also anglicized from the Ulster branch of O'Liathain into Lehane, Lane, Lyons,and Lawn.
LEHIGH German, Irish
Derived from a Native American word "Lechauwekink", meaning "where there are forks in the stream". Variant of Lechau
LE PEN Breton
Le Pen is a Breton surname meaning "the head", "the chief" or "the peninsula".
LE TALLEC Breton
Tallec derives from talek which means someone with a large forehead in Breton.
LEYDON Irish (Anglicized, Modern)
His name was commemorated in numerous place-names, such as Lugdunum (Celtic *Lugu
dūnon, "fort of Lugus"; modern Lyon, France), capital of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. Other such place-names include Lugdunum Clavatum (modern Laon, France) and Luguvalium21
(modern Carlisle, England)... [more]
LIVINGSTONE Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called Levin
), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
Original Welsh form of "Lewis" used by the former Royal Family of Wales. Most people with the surname "Lewis" derive from the Royal Family. Very few people still have the surname "Llewys," but it is not unheard of.
Possibly a variant spelling of Irish Laughlin. This is a common name in NC.
LOMAS English, Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
Variant spelling of "Lomax", meaning a steam pool devoted from Lumhalghs, Lancs. Also variant spelling of "Lennox", meaning Elmwood in Gaelic.
From Gaelic Ó Lomasna
meaning "descendant of Lomasna", a byname from lom
"bare" and asna
From the Irish name O'Luanaigh, "descendant of Luanach," a personal name meaning warrior.
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Luachra
"descendant of Luachra
", a personal name derived from luachair
"light". The name is often translated, Rush
from a Gaelic homonym, luachair
From a Breton word meaning “husband” or “patriarch”
LYNDE Scottish Gaelic
Originated from the Strathclyde region of Scotland, meaning "waterfall," and located near the Castle of Lin.... [more]
LYONS English, Irish
Is a surname with a variety of origins, from England, Ireland, Scotland, or perhaps France. ... [more]
MACDUFF Scottish Gaelic
From the ancient Scottish Gaelic Mac duib
meaning "son of the black/dark man." This name may have originated as a ethnic term about the native Scots used by Viking conquestors during the later half of the First Millenium... [more]
Patronymic surname from the original Irish Gaelic form 'mac an tsaoi' meaning "son of the scholar". Notable namesake is Irish rugby player Alan Leon
MAC GIOLLA CHUDA Irish
Meaning ‘son of the servant of (Saint) Chuda
’, a personal name of unexplained origin. This was the name of a 7th-century abbot-bishop of Rathin in County Westmeath.... [more]
MAC GIOLLA IASACHTA Irish
Means "son of the strange youth", from Irish Gaelic iasachta
"loan" "foreign", hence denoting to a boy who transferred to another family for fosterage, a common custom in ancient Ireland.
First found in County Clare, on the west coast of Ireland in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from ancient times.... [more]
First found in County Monaghan located in the Northern part of the Republic of Ireland in the province of Ulster, at Truagh where they were known as the Lords of Truagh.... [more]