Surnames Starting with L

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LAAKSONEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish laakso "valley".
LABELLE French
Means "fair, good-looking" in French.
LABRIOLA Italian
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
LACEY English
Variant of LACY.
LACHANCE French
Means "chance, luck" in French.
LACHAPELLE French
Means "the chapel" in French. It was most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
LÀCONI Italian
Sardinian surname from a name of the town Làconi near the city of Nuoro.
LACY English
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name which was Latinized as Lascius.
LAFRENZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LAGANÀ Italian
Derived from Greek dialects that are spoken in southern Italy, namely in Calabria. It is an occupational surname meaning "greengrocer" (ortolano in Italian). Surnames derived from Greek dialects often end with an accent on final the a, o or i.
LAGER Swedish
Means "laurel" in Swedish.
LAGOMARSÌNO Italian
Locative surname of Genoa and surroundings derived from the place name Lagomarsino (near Genoa).
LAGORIO Italian
From a nickname meaning "green-lizard". This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers. The surname is typical of the Genoa region.
LAGOUNOV Russian
Variant transcription of LAGUNOV.
LAGUARDIA Italian
Originally an occupational surname meaning "sentry" or "sentinel". It also had a locative meaning "watchtower". Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
LAGUNOV Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian lagun "water barrel". It was most likely used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
LAHTI Finnish
Means "bay, cove" in Finnish.
LAKATOS Hungarian
Means "locksmith" in Hungarian.
LAM Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIN.
LAMA Italian
Derived from the name place Lama, quite common around Italy.
LAMAR French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare meaning "the pool".
LAMBERT French
Derived from the given name LAMBERT.
LAMBERTI Italian
Derived from the given name LAMBERTO.
LAMON Italian
Locative surname from the name of a village near the city of Belluno. This surname is from the area of Venice.
LANDAU German, Jewish
Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley".
LANDI Italian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDO Italian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDOLFI Italian
From the old Germanic given name Lanawulfa.
LANDVIK Norwegian
Means "land and bay" in Norwegian.
LANE (1) English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2) French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3) Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
LÅNG Swedish
Swedish cognate of LONG.
LANG German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGBROEK Dutch
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland. In this context lang means "wide" and broek means "meadow". This surname was given to people living in Langbroek.
LANGDON English
Derived from an Old English place name meaning "long hill" (effectively meaning "ridge").
LANGE German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGENBERG German, Swedish
Means "long mountain" in German.
LANGER German, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LANGLAIS French
Means "the Englishman" in French.
LANGLEY (1) English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing".
LANGLEY (2) American
Americanized spelling of LANGLAIS.
LANIK Czech
Derived from Czech lan, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and thus is considered a Moravian cognate of Sedlák.
LANINGA Frisian
Frisian for "of the land", or "from the land". It could be understood as "works the land".
LANNON Irish
Variant of LENNON.
LANTOS Hungarian
Means "minstrel, bard" from the Hungarian word lant "lyre".
LAPOINTE French
Means "point of a lance" in French. The name was originally a nickname for a soldier.
LARENZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LARSEN Danish
Means "son of LARS".
LARSON English
Means "son of Lar", where Lar is a medieval diminutive of LAURENCE (1).
LARSSON Swedish
Means "son of LARS".
LARUE French
Literally means "the street" in French.
LÁSKA Czech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
LÁSZLÓ Hungarian
Derived from the given name LÁSZLÓ.
LATERZA Italian
Typical of southern Italy: it comes from the place name Laterza, a town near Taranto in the Puglia region.
LAU Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIU.
LAUKKANEN Finnish
Finnish surname which means "he who gallops, takes big steps".
LAURENT French
From the given name LAURENT.
LAURENZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LAURITO Italian
From the name of the town Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
LAURITSEN Danish
Means "son of LAURITS".
LAURITZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LAUWENS Dutch
Means "son of LAWRENCE". It is rather rare in mainly Flanders, Belgium, and often families were either spelled Lauwens or Lauwers (a bit more common) in the Duchy of Flanders and the Duchy of Brabant (14th century and further). These former regions nowadays are part of Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. In some occasions, the name can be found in the former Burgundy, and thus includes the contemporary Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and part of Germany.
LAUWERS Dutch
Variant of LAUWENS.
LAVIGNE French
Means "the vineyard" in French. The name referred to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
LAVOIE French
Derived from French voie "road". The name started as a nickname for someone who lived close to a road.
LAW English
Derived from old English hlaw "hill".
LAWNICZAK Polish
Means "juror" from Polish lawnik.
LAWRENCE English
Derived from the given name LAURENCE (1). Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
LAWRENZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LAWSON English
Means "son of LAURENCE (1)".
LAYTON English
Derived from a place name meaning "settlement with a leek garden" in Old English.
LÁZÁR Hungarian
From the given name LÁZÁR.
LAZAROV Bulgarian
Means "son of LAZAR".
LAZZARI Italian
Means "son of LAZZARO".
Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of LI (2), from Sino-Vietnamese ().
LEACH English
Originally indicated a person who was a physician. It comes from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
LEANDRES French
Derived from LÉANDRE.
LEARY Irish
Variant of O'LEARY.
LEAVITT English
From Livet, a region in Normandy, France. Vikings conquered the area and a particular family had taken up the name by the time of the Battle of Hastings 1066, when William the Conqueror invaded England.
LEBEAU French
Means "the handsome one" from French le "the" and beau "beautiful, handsome".
LEBLANC French
Means "the white", from French blanc "white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
LECCE Italian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, Italy.
LECCESE Italian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, Italy.
LECLAIR French
Derived from either the French word clair "bright" or the given name CLAIR.
LECLERC French
Means "clerk" in French.
LÉCUYER French
Literally means "the shield-bearer" in French. The name was used to denote an esquire (a person of the nobility one rank below a knight).
LEDFORD English
Means "path leading across a ford" from Old English lædan, Middle English leden "to lead" and ford, a shallow area in a stream that may be crossed by wading.
LEE (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing".
LEE (2) Korean, Chinese
Korean form of LI (1), from Sino-Korean (i). It is also a variant Chinese romanization of LI (1).
LEEUWENHOEK Dutch
Means "lion's corner" in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort) in the city of Delft.
LEFEBVRE French
Variant of LEFÈVRE, the spelling most likely influenced by the Latin word faber "craftsman".
LEFÈVRE French
Occupational name meaning "smith".
LEFURGEY French
From French forger meaning "to forge". This was an occupational last name taken by blacksmiths, equivalent to the English Smith.
LEGGIÈRI Italian
Sicilian surname indicating a "light" person, not serious, superficial.
LEGRAND French
Means "the tall, the large" in French.
LEHMANN German
From Middle High German lehenman "vassal, liege man".
LEHRER German, Jewish
German surname meaning "teacher".
LEHTONEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish lehto meaning "grove".
LEIFSSON Icelandic, Swedish
Means "son of LEIF".
LEIGH English
Variant of LEE (1).
LEITNER German
Referred to one who dwells on the hillside; one who came from the Leite "slope". This is the name of several places in Germany.
LEITZ German
Derived from the archaic given name Leutz, a form of LUTZ.
LEITZKE German
Derived from either Leitzkau, a town close to Magdeburg, Germany, or from LEITZ.
LEMAIRE French
Means "the mayor" in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
LÉMIEUX French
Derived from the place name Leymieux, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
LÈMMI Italian
From the given name GUGLIELMO. It is typical of Tuscany.
LENGYEL Hungarian
Means "Polish" in Hungarian.
LENNON Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin, which means "descendant of Leannán". The given name Leannán means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
LENNOX Scottish
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
LENOX Scottish
Variant of LENNOX.
LENZ German
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
LEONARD English
Derived from the given name LEONARD.
LEONARDSEN Norwegian
Norwegian form of LEONARDSON.
LEONARDSON English
Means "son of LEONARD".
LEONE Italian
Derived from the given name LEONE (1).
LEONI Italian
Variant of LEONE.
LEROY French
Means "the king" in French. It referred to one connected in some way with a king's household or one who played the part of a king in a pageant or a play.
LESAUVAGE French
French variant of SAVAGE.
LESLIE Scottish
From a Scottish place name, probably derived from Gaelic leas celyn meaning "garden of holly".
LESTRANGE French
Derived from old French estrange "foreign".
LÉVESQUE French
Derived from French évêque meaning "bishop", ultimately derived from Greek episkopos "overseer".
LEVI Jewish
From the given name LEVI.
LEVINE Jewish
Derived from the given name LEVI.
LEWIN English
Derived from the given name LEOFWINE.
LEWIS (1) English
Derived from the given name LEWIS. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
LEWIS (2) Welsh
Anglicized form of LLYWELYN.
LEYTON English
Variant of LAYTON.
LI (1) Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "plum, plum tree". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
LI (2) Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "black".
LIAO Chinese
From Chinese (liào) which refers to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
LICHTENBERG German
From Low German licht "light" and berg "hill".
LIEPIŅŠ Latvian
From Latvian liepa meaning "linden tree".
LIM Taiwanese
Min Nan romanization of LIN.
LIN Chinese
From Chinese (lín) meaning "forest".
LINCOLN English
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
LINDBERG Swedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and berg "mountain".
LINDEN German
Derived from Old High German linta meaning "linden tree".
LINDGREN Swedish
Means "branch of a linden tree" from Swedish lind "linden tree" and gren "branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
LINDHOLM Swedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and holme "islet".
LINDON English
Variant of LYNDON.
LINDQUIST Swedish
Derived from the Swedish words lind "linden tree" and qvist "twig, branch".
LINDSAY English, Scottish
From the region of Lindsey in Lincolnshire, which means "LINCOLN island" in Old English.
LINDSTRÖM Swedish
Means "linden stream", and is derived from the swedish words lind meaning "linden (lime) tree", and ström which means "stream".
LINNA Finnish
Means "castle". A famous namesake in Finland is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), author of 'The Unknown Soldier'.
LINTON English
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
LINVILLE French
Refers to one who came from Linivilla, meaning "Lennius's estate", now Ninville, in France.
LINWOOD English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "stream forest" in Old English.
LIPPI Italian
From the given name FILIPPO. It is common in the area of Florence.
LIS Polish
Means "fox" in Polish. It is a nickname for a sly person.
LISTER Scottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir meaning "son of the arrow maker".
LITHGOW Scottish
Habitation name meaning "pool, damp, hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
LITTLE English
Derived from a nickname given to a short person.
LIU Chinese
From Chinese (liú) meaning "kill, destroy". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
LJUNG Swedish
From the Swedish name of the heather plant. There are many combinations of this name in Sweden, for example Ljungberg "heather mountain", Ljungblad "heather leaf", and so on.
LJUNGBORG Swedish
Means "heather castle" in Swedish.
LJUNGGREN Swedish
Means "heather bough" in Swedish.
LJUNGMAN Swedish
Means "heather man" in Swedish.
LJUNGSTRAND Swedish
Means "heather beach" in Swedish.
LLEWELLYN Welsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LLOYD Welsh
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd meaning "grey".
LLYWELYN Welsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LOBO Spanish, Portuguese
Originally a nickname meaning "wolf" in Spanish and Portuguese.
LOCATELLI Italian
From Locatello, a place in Lombardy near the city of Bergamo in Northern Italy.
LOCKWOOD English
From an English place name meaning "enclosure forest".
LOEWE German
Variant of LÖWE.
LÖFGREN Swedish
From Swedish löv "leaf" and gren "branch".
LOGAN Scottish
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow".
LOHRENZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LOMAN English
From the name of the River Loman in Devon.
LOMBARDI Italian
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region in Italy. The region got its name from the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century.
LOMIDZE Georgian
Means "son of the lion", from Georgian ლომი (lomi) meaning "lion".
LONČAR Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Means "potter", from Serbo-Croatian lonac, Slovene lonec meaning "pot".
LONDON English
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
LONG English
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
LONGO Italian
Italian cognate of LONG.
LONGSTAFF English
Name for a tipstaff or beadle who carried a long staff as a badge of office, or else referred to someone who was very tall.
LOPEZ Spanish
Means "son of LOPE" in Spanish.
LORENTZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORENZ German
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORIS German
Variant of LORENZ.
LORITZ German
Variant of LORENZ.
LOSA Spanish
From Spanish losa meaning "tile, slab".
LOSNEDAHL Norwegian
From a place name: dahl means "valley" in Norwegian, and Losne is a place in Norway.
LOVÁSZ Hungarian
Means "groom, stableman, ostler" in Hungarian.
LOVE English
From the Old English given name Lufu meaning "love".
LOVEL English
Variant of LOWELL.
LOVELL English
Variant of LOWELL.
LOW English, Scottish
Variant of LAW.
LÖWE German
Means "lion" in German.
LOWE (1) Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
LOWELL English
Derived from a Norman French nickname, from lou "wolf" and a diminutive suffix.
LOWRY Scottish, English
From a diminutive of LAURENCE (1).
LOYOLA Spanish, Basque
From Basque loya meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
LU Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "musical note" and also referring to the former state of Lu, which was situated in what is now Henan province.
LUCAS English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch
Derived from the given name LUCAS. A famous bearer of this surname is George Lucas (1944-), the creator of the 'Star Wars' movies.
LUCASSEN Dutch
Means "son of LUCAS".
LUDVIGSEN Danish
Means "son of LUDVIG".
LUDWIG German
From the given name LUDWIG.
LUKÁCS Hungarian
From the given name LUKÁCS.
LUKESON English
Means "son of LUKE".
LUKIĆ Serbian
Means "son of LUKA".
LUKSKA Czech
Derived from the given name LUKAS.
LUM English
From places in Lancashire and West Yorkshire called Lumb, both apparently originally named for Old English lum(m) "pool". The word is not independently attested, but appears also in Lomax and Lumley, and may be reflected in the dialect term lum denoting a well for collecting water in a mine. In some instances the name may be topographic for someone who lived by a pool, Middle English lum(m).
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
LUNDBERG Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and berg "mountain".
LUNDGREN Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and gren "branch".
LUNDQUIST Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and qvist "twig, branch".
LUNGU Romanian
Romanian cognate of LONG.
LUPEI Romanian
From the Romanian lup, which means "wolf".
LUPO Italian
From an Italian nickname meaning "wolf".
LUSK Scottish
Possibly means "cave" in Gaelic.
LUTHER German
From the given name LEUTHAR.
LUZZATTO Italian
From Lusatia, a region of northern Germany.
LYKKE Danish
Means simply "happy".
LYNCH Irish
From Irish Ó Loingsigh meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
LYNDON English
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
LYNE Scottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Ayrshire, Peeblesshire, and Wigtownshire.
LYNN English
From the Welsh word llyn meaning "lake".
LYNTON English
Variant of LINTON.
LYON (1) English, French
Habitational name from either the Lyon in southern central France, or Lyons-la-Forêt in Eure, Normandy.
LYON (2) English, French
Either from the given name LEON or else a nickname meaning "lion".