Surnames Starting with L

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LAAKSONENFinnish
Derived from Finnish laakso "valley".
LABELLEFrench
Means "fair, good-looking" in French.
LABRIOLAItalian
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
LACEYEnglish
Variant of LACY.
LACHANCEFrench
Means "chance, luck" in French.
LACHAPELLEFrench
Means "the chapel" in French. It was most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
LÀCONIItalian
Sardinian surname from a name of the town Làconi near the city of Nuoro.
LACYEnglish
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name which was Latinized as Lascius.
LAGANÀItalian
Derived from Greek dialects that are spoken in southern Italy, namely in Calabria. It is an occupational surname meaning "greengrocer" (ortolano in Italian). Surnames derived from Greek dialects often end with an accent on final the a, o or i.
LAGERSwedish
Means "laurel" in Swedish.
LAGOMARSÌNOItalian
Locative surname of Genoa and surroundings derived from the place name Lagomarsino (near Genoa).
LAGORIOItalian
From a nickname meaning "green-lizard". This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers. The surname is typical of the Genoa region.
LAGOUNOVRussian
Variant transcription of LAGUNOV.
LAGUARDIAItalian
Originally an occupational surname meaning "sentry" or "sentinel". It also had a locative meaning "watchtower". Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
LAGUNOVRussian
Patronymic name derived from Russian lagun "water barrel". It was most likely used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
LAHTIFinnish
Means "bay, cove" in Finnish.
LAKATOSHungarian
Means "locksmith" in Hungarian.
LAMChinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIN.
LAMAItalian
Derived from the name place Lama, quite common around Italy.
LAMARFrench, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare meaning "the pool".
LAMBERTFrench
Derived from the given name LAMBERT.
LAMBERTIItalian
Derived from the given name LAMBERTO.
LAMONItalian
Locative surname from the name of a village near the city of Belluno. This surname is from the area of Venice.
LANDAUGerman, Jewish
Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley".
LANDIItalian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDOItalian
Derived from the given name LANDO.
LANDOLFIItalian
From the old Germanic given name Lanawulfa.
LANDVIKNorwegian
Means "land and bay" in Norwegian.
LANE (1)English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2)French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3)Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
LÅNGSwedish
Swedish cognate of LONG.
LANGGerman, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGBROEKDutch
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland. In this context lang means "wide" and broek means "meadow". This surname was given to people living in Langbroek.
LANGDONEnglish
Derived from an Old English place name meaning "long hill" (effectively meaning "ridge").
LANGEGerman, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LANGENBERGGerman, Swedish
Means "long mountain" in German.
LANGERGerman, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LANGLAISFrench
Means "the Englishman" in French.
LANGLEY (1)English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing".
LANGLEY (2)American
Americanized spelling of LANGLAIS.
LANIKCzech
Derived from Czech lan, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and thus is considered a Moravian cognate of Sedlák.
LANINGAFrisian
Frisian for "of the land", or "from the land". It could be understood as "works the land".
LANNONIrish
Variant of LENNON.
LANTOSHungarian
Means "minstrel, bard" from the Hungarian word lant "lyre".
LAPOINTEFrench
Means "point of a lance" in French. The name was originally a nickname for a soldier.
LARENZGerman
Variant of LORENZ.
LARSENDanish
Means "son of LARS".
LARSONEnglish
Means "son of Lar", where Lar is a medieval diminutive of LAURENCE (1).
LARSSONSwedish
Means "son of LARS".
LARUEFrench
Literally means "the street" in French.
LÁSKACzech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
LÁSZLÓHungarian
Derived from the given name LÁSZLÓ.
LATERZAItalian
Typical of southern Italy: it comes from the place name Laterza, a town near Taranto in the Puglia region.
LAUChinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of LIU.
LAUKKANENFinnish
Finnish surname which means "he who gallops, takes big steps".
LAURENTFrench
From the given name LAURENT.
LAURITOItalian
From the name of the town Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
LAURITSENDanish
Means "son of LAURITS".
LAUWENSDutch
Means "son of LAWRENCE". It is rather rare in mainly Flanders, Belgium, and often families were either spelled Lauwens or Lauwers (a bit more common) in the Duchy of Flanders and the Duchy of Brabant (14th century and further). These former regions nowadays are part of Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. In some occasions, the name can be found in the former Burgundy, and thus includes the contemporary Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and part of Germany.
LAVIGNEFrench
Means "the vineyard" in French. The name referred to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
LAVOIEFrench
Derived from French voie "road". The name started as a nickname for someone who lived close to a road.
LAWEnglish
Derived from old English hlaw "hill".
LAWNICZAKPolish
Means "juror" from Polish lawnik.
LAWRENCEEnglish
Derived from the given name LAURENCE (1). Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
LAYTONEnglish
Derived from a place name meaning "settlement with a leek garden" in Old English.
LÁZÁRHungarian
From the given name LÁZÁR.
LAZAROVBulgarian
Means "son of LAZAR".
LAZZARIItalian
Means "son of LAZZARO".
Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of LI (2), from Sino-Vietnamese ().
LEACHEnglish
Originally indicated a person who was a physician. It comes from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
LEARYIrish
Variant of O'LEARY.
LEAVITTEnglish
From Livet, a region in Normandy, France. Vikings conquered the area and a particular family had taken up the name by the time of the Battle of Hastings 1066, when William the Conqueror invaded England.
LEBEAUFrench
Means "the handsome one" from French le "the" and beau "beautiful, handsome".
LEBLANCFrench
Means "the white", from French blanc "white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
LECCEItalian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, Italy.
LECCESEItalian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, Italy.
LECLAIRFrench
Derived from either the French word clair "bright" or the given name CLAIR.
LECLERCFrench
Means "clerk" in French.
LÉCUYERFrench
Literally means "the shield-bearer" in French. The name was used to denote an esquire (a person of the nobility one rank below a knight).
LEDFORDEnglish
Means "path leading across a ford" from Old English lædan, Middle English leden "to lead" and ford, a shallow area in a stream that may be crossed by wading.
LEE (1)English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing".
LEE (2)Korean, Chinese
Korean form of LI (1), from Sino-Korean (i). It is also a variant Chinese romanization of LI (1).
LEEUWENHOEKDutch
Means "lion's corner" in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort) in the city of Delft.
LEFEBVREFrench
Variant of LEFÈVRE, the spelling most likely influenced by the Latin word faber "craftsman".
LEFÈVREFrench
Occupational name meaning "smith".
LEFURGEYFrench
From French forger meaning "to forge". This was an occupational last name taken by blacksmiths, equivalent to the English Smith.
LEGGIÈRIItalian
Sicilian surname indicating a "light" person, not serious, superficial.
LEGRANDFrench
Means "the tall, the large" in French.
LEHMANNGerman
From Middle High German lehenman "vassal, liege man".
LEHRERGerman, Jewish
German surname meaning "teacher".
LEHTONENFinnish
Derived from Finnish lehto meaning "grove".
LEITNERGerman
Referred to one who dwells on the hillside; one who came from the Leite "slope". This is the name of several places in Germany.
LEITZGerman
Derived from the archaic given name Leutz, a form of LUTZ.
LEITZKEGerman
Derived from either Leitzkau, a town close to Magdeburg, Germany, or from LEITZ.
LEMAIREFrench
Means "the mayor" in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
LÉMIEUXFrench
Derived from the place name Leymieux, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
LÈMMIItalian
From the given name GUGLIELMO. It is typical of Tuscany.
LENGYELHungarian
Means "Polish" in Hungarian.
LENNONIrish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin, which means "descendant of Leannán". The given name Leannán means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
LENNOXScottish
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
LENZGerman
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
LEONARDEnglish
Derived from the given name LEONARD.
LEONARDSONEnglish
Means "son of LEONARD".
LEONEItalian
Derived from the given name LEONE (1).
LEONIItalian
Variant of LEONE.
LEROYFrench
Means "the king" in French. It referred to one connected in some way with a king's household or one who played the part of a king in a pageant or a play.
LESAUVAGEFrench
French variant of SAVAGE.
LESLIEScottish
From a Scottish place name, probably derived from Gaelic leas celyn meaning "garden of holly".
LESTRANGEFrench
Derived from old French estrange "foreign".
LÉVESQUEFrench
Derived from French évêque meaning "bishop", ultimately derived from Greek episkopos "overseer".
LEVIJewish
From the given name LEVI.
LEVINEJewish
Derived from the given name LEVI.
LEWINEnglish
Derived from the given name LEOFWINE.
LEWIS (1)English
Derived from the given name LEWIS. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
LEWIS (2)Welsh
Anglicized form of LLYWELYN.
LI (1)Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "plum, plum tree". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
LI (2)Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "black".
LIAOChinese
From Chinese (liào) which refers to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
LICHTENBERGGerman
From Low German licht "light" and berg "hill".
LIEPIŅŠLatvian
From Latvian liepa meaning "linden tree".
LIMTaiwanese
Min Nan romanization of LIN.
LINChinese
From Chinese (lín) meaning "forest".
LINCOLNEnglish
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
LINDBERGSwedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and berg "mountain".
LINDENGerman
Derived from Old High German linta meaning "linden tree".
LINDGRENSwedish
Means "branch of a linden tree" from Swedish lind "linden tree" and gren "branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
LINDHOLMSwedish
From Swedish lind "linden tree" and holme "islet".
LINDQUISTSwedish
Derived from the Swedish words lind "linden tree" and qvist "twig, branch".
LINDSAYEnglish, Scottish
From the region of Lindsey in Lincolnshire, which means "LINCOLN island" in Old English.
LINDSTRÖMSwedish
Means "linden stream", and is derived from the swedish words lind meaning "linden (lime) tree", and ström which means "stream".
LINNAFinnish
Means "castle". A famous namesake in Finland is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), author of 'The Unknown Soldier'.
LINTONEnglish
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
LINVILLEFrench
Refers to one who came from Linivilla, meaning "Lennius's estate", now Ninville, in France.
LINWOODEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "stream forest" in Old English.
LIPPIItalian
From the given name FILIPPO. It is common in the area of Florence.
LISPolish
Means "fox" in Polish. It is a nickname for a sly person.
LISTERScottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir meaning "son of the arrow maker".
LITHGOWScottish
Habitation name meaning "pool, damp, hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
LITTLEEnglish
Derived from a nickname given to a short person.
LIUChinese
From Chinese (liú) meaning "kill, destroy". This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
LJUNGSwedish
From the Swedish name of the heather plant. There are many combinations of this name in Sweden, for example Ljungberg "heather mountain", Ljungblad "heather leaf", and so on.
LJUNGBORGSwedish
Means "heather castle" in Swedish.
LJUNGGRENSwedish
Means "heather bough" in Swedish.
LJUNGMANSwedish
Means "heather man" in Swedish.
LJUNGSTRANDSwedish
Means "heather beach" in Swedish.
LLEWELLYNWelsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LLOYDWelsh
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd meaning "grey".
LLYWELYNWelsh
Derived from the Welsh given name LLYWELYN.
LOBOSpanish, Portuguese
Originally a nickname meaning "wolf" in Spanish and Portuguese.
LOCATELLIItalian
From Locatello, a place in Lombardy near the city of Bergamo in Northern Italy.
LOCKWOODEnglish
From an English place name meaning "enclosure forest".
LOEWEGerman
Variant of LÖWE.
LÖFGRENSwedish
From Swedish löv "leaf" and gren "branch".
LOGANScottish
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow".
LOMANEnglish
From the name of the River Loman in Devon.
LOMBARDIItalian
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region in Italy. The region got its name from the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century.
LOMIDZEGeorgian
Means "son of the lion", from Georgian ლომი (lomi) meaning "lion".
LONČARCroatian, Serbian, Slovene
Means "potter", from Serbo-Croatian lonac, Slovene lonec meaning "pot".
LONDONEnglish
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
LONGEnglish
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
LONGOItalian
Italian cognate of LONG.
LONGSTAFFEnglish
Name for a tipstaff or beadle who carried a long staff as a badge of office, or else referred to someone who was very tall.
LOPEZSpanish
Means "son of LOPE" in Spanish.
LORENTZGerman
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORENZGerman
Derived from the given name LORENZ.
LORISGerman
Variant of LORENZ.
LORITZGerman
Variant of LORENZ.
LOSASpanish
From Spanish losa meaning "tile, slab".
LOSNEDAHLNorwegian
From a place name: dahl means "valley" in Norwegian, and Losne is a place in Norway.
LOVÁSZHungarian
Means "groom, stableman, ostler" in Hungarian.
LOVEEnglish
From the Old English given name Lufu meaning "love".
LOVELEnglish
Variant of LOWELL.
LOWEnglish, Scottish
Variant of LAW.
LÖWEGerman
Means "lion" in German.
LOWE (1)Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
LOWELLEnglish
Derived from a Norman French nickname, from lou "wolf" and a diminutive suffix.
LOWRYScottish, English
From a diminutive of LAURENCE (1).
LOYOLASpanish, Basque
From Basque loya meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
LUChinese
From Chinese () meaning "musical note" and also referring to the former state of Lu, which was situated in what is now Henan province.
LUCASEnglish, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch
Derived from the given name LUCAS. A famous bearer of this surname is George Lucas (1944-), the creator of the 'Star Wars' movies.
LUCASSENDutch
Means "son of LUCAS".
LUDVIGSENDanish
Means "son of LUDVIG".
LUDWIGGerman
From the given name LUDWIG.
LUKÁCSHungarian
From the given name LUKÁCS.
LUKESONEnglish
Means "son of LUKE".
LUKIĆSerbian
Means "son of LUKA".
LUKSKACzech
Derived from the given name LUKAS.
LUMEnglish
From places in Lancashire and West Yorkshire called Lumb, both apparently originally named for Old English lum(m) "pool". The word is not independently attested, but appears also in Lomax and Lumley, and may be reflected in the dialect term lum denoting a well for collecting water in a mine. In some instances the name may be topographical for someone who lived by a pool, Middle English lum(m).
LUNDDanish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
LUNDBERGSwedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and berg "mountain".
LUNDGRENSwedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and gren "branch".
LUNDQUISTSwedish
Derived from Swedish lund "grove" and qvist "twig, branch".
LUNGURomanian
Romanian cognate of LONG.
LUPEIRomanian
From the Romanian lup, which means "wolf".
LUPOItalian
From an Italian nickname meaning "wolf".
LUSKScottish
Possibly means "cave" in Gaelic.
LUTHERGerman
From the given name LEUTHAR.
LUZZATTOItalian
From Lusatia, a region of northern Germany.
LYKKEDanish
Means simply "happy".
LYNCHIrish
From Irish Ó Loingsigh meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
LYNDONEnglish
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
LYNEScottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Ayrshire, Peeblesshire, and Wigtownshire.
LYNNEnglish
From the Welsh word llyn meaning "lake".
LYON (1)English, French
Habitational name from either the Lyon in southern central France, or Lyons-la-Forêt in Eure, Normandy.
LYON (2)English, French
Either from the given name LEON or else a nickname meaning "lion".
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