From the name of the town of Baard
in the Netherlands, possibly derived from a given name that was a variant of BERT
From the name of a town in the Netherlands, possibly from Baard
, a variant of BERT
, and wijk
meaning "neighbourhood, district".
Indicated a person coming from the town of Beers in the Netherlands.
Indicated a person coming from the small town of Beers in Frisia.
in Dutch, originally describing a person who wore a beard.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach
. This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BACHCHAN Indian, Hindi
From Hindi बच्चा (bachcha)
, a word of Persian origin. This surname was adopted by the Indian poet Harivansh Rai Srivastava (1907-2003).
Denoted a person who lived near a stream, from German bach
"stream" and mann
Originally referred to a farmer whose farm was beside a stream, from Middle High German bach
"stream" and meier
"steward, tenant farmer".
, an occupational name for a baker, from Old English bæchus
literally "bake house".
Derived from Old High German bad "bath"
, most likely referring to a bath attendant.
Originally denoted a person from the Italian town of Baggio (now part of Milan). It is probably derived from Latin Badalocum
meaning "watch place".
From various English place names, all derived from Old English bagga
"bag, badger" combined with leah
From Latin balnea "bath"
, referring to a person who worked as a bath house attendant.
From Middle High German bër "bear"
or ber "boar"
. This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
From Middle English baili
, which comes via Old French from Latin baiulus
BAINES (2) English
From a nickname derived from Old English ban "bones"
, probably for a thin person.
Occupational name meaning "baker"
, derived from Middle English bakere
from Dutch bak
"bake" and huis
"house", an occupational name for a baker.
Derived from the given name Baldinotto
, from the Latin name Baldinoctus
, a diminutive of BALDO
From Middle English bal
, Old English beall
. This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
From any of the various places of this name, derived from Old English bean
meaning "bean" and croft
meaning "small enclosed field".
From the Latin name Bandinus
, a derivative of Bandus
, which is of unknown meaning.
From the name of the village of Bandoghat
combined with upadhaya
Originally indicated someone who lived near a hillside or a bank of land.
Occupational name for a flag carrier, derived from Old French baniere
, ultimately of Germanic origin.
From Norman French banastre
. This was originally a name for a maker of baskets.
From Middle English bark
meaning "to tan"
. This was an occupational name for a leather tanner.
Derived from a number of English place names that variously mean "barley hill", "barn hill", "boar clearing" or "barley clearing".
Denoted a person who worked or lived in a barn. The word barn
is derived from Old English bere
"barley" and ærn
Derived from Old English bærnet
meaning "place cleared by burning".
From the title barone "baron"
, derived via Latin from Germanic baro
"man, warrior, servant".
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre
Probably derived from a Middle English word meaning "strife"
, originally given to a quarrelsome person.
BARROS Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro
meaning "clay, mud"
. This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from the Germanic word baro "man, warrior, servant"
From a place name meaning "barley town" in Old English.
Derived from the name of a village in Frisia meaning "road to the dike".
Derived from the place name Bassano, belonging multiple villages in Italy.
Originally a nickname for a short person, from Latin bassus "thick, low"
From the Basque place name Basurtu
, a village (now part of Bilbao) in Biscay. It means "middle of the forest".
Originally indicated a person from Bátor, a village in Hungary, which might be of Turkic origin meaning "hero". This was the surname of a Hungarian noble family who historically controlled the town. One of the family members, Stephen Báthory, became the king of Poland in the 16th century.
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle
, so named because they were sites of battles.
From Old High German bur
meaning "peasant, farmer"
Occupational name for a person who worked or lived at an orchard, from German Baumgarten "orchard"
(derived from Baum
"tree" and Garten
Occupational name meaning "woodcutter"
, derived from German Baum
"tree" and hauen
From the name of a place in Lancashire, from Old English beos
"bent grass" and leah
From French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and chêne
From various French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and fort
"strong place, fortress".
From various French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and lieu
BECK (3) English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke
BECK (4) English
From Old English becca
, an occupational surname.
Derived from Middle High German becker
From an English place name meaning "Becca's homestead". The byname Becca
means "pickaxe" in Old English. A famous bearer is retired English soccer player David Beckham (1975-).
Indicated a person from Becske, a town in Hungary, which might be derived from the given name BENEDEK
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse given name BAGGI
From a Middle English version of Old French bel chiere
meaning "beautiful face"
. It later came to refer to a person who had a cheerful and pleasant temperament.
BELL (1) English
From Middle English belle
. It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
Means "son of Bellando"
, from a medieval given name derived from Latin bellandus
meaning "which is to be fought".
Means "son of Bellincione"
, from a medieval name (borne for example by Dante's grandfather) that was probably a derivative of Italian bello
BELLO Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
From a nickname derived from Italian bello
"beautiful, fair" and uomo
Occupational name for a tanner of hides, derived from Middle High German belz
Means "son of Benenato"
, a given name derived from Latin bene
"good, well" and natus
Means "the house furthest down"
from Basque bengo
"furthest down" and etxe
From a place name derived from Old English beonet
"bent grass" and leah
"woodland, clearing". Various towns in England bear this name.
Denoted someone who came from Benton, England, which is derived from Old English beonet
"bent grass" and tun
Derived from Czech beran
From Swedish berg
"mountain" and man
"man", originally a name for a person living on a mountain.
Derived from a place name, which was derived from Old English burh "fortification"
BEST (1) English
Derived from Middle English beste
, an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
BEST (2) German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
From Middle High German biutel
, originally belonging to a person who made or sold bags.
Derived from the name of an English city, meaning "beaver stream" in Old English.
Means "farmers village"
, from German Bauer
meaning "farmer" and Dorf
From Dutch zuid
"south" and hout
"forest". It refers to the south of the forest in The Hague.
From a Bengali title composed of the Sanskrit words भट्ट (bhatta)
meaning "scholar, lord" and आचार्य (acharya)
From Italian bianco
, originally given to a person who was white-haired or extremely pale.
Means "drinking glasses"
in Italian, referring originally to a person who made or sold them.
BIEBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber
, possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
Derived from German bier
"beer" and mann
"man". The name may have referred to a brewer or a tavern owner.
From the Turkish word binici
meaning "rider, horseman"
Means "fair-haired, blond"
in Italian. This name was borne by the American swimmer Matt Biondi (1965-).
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
Means simply "bishop"
, ultimately from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos)
meaning "overseer". It probably originally referred to a person who served a bishop.
From Old French bis
meaning "drab, dingy"
, a nickname for someone who looked drab.
Means either "black"
(from Old English blæc
) or "pale"
(from Old English blac
). It could refer to a person with a pale or a dark complexion, or a person who worked with black dye.
From the name of a city in Lancashire, meaning "black stream" in Old English.
From any one of several places of this name in Scotland, which derive from Gaelic blár
meaning "plain, field, battlefield".
Variant of BLACK
. A famous bearer was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
From name of various English places, derived from Old English blæc
"black" and leah
From the name of a town in Northamptonshire, itself meaning "Blæcwulf's meadow" in Old English. Blæcwulf
is a byname meaning "black wolf".
in French. The name referred to a person who was pale, or whose hair was blond.