Surnames Starting with R

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RÁCZHungarian
Derived from Hungarian rác meaning "Rascian", a former name for Serbians who lived in the Habsburg Empire.
RADCLIFFEnglish
From various place names in England which mean "red cliff" in Old English.
RADEMACHERLow German
Low German cognate of RADEMAKER.
RADEMAKERDutch
From the occupation of rademaker meaning "maker of wheels", from Dutch rad meaning "wheel".
RADEVBulgarian
Means "son of Rade", a diminutive of RADOSLAV, RADOMIR, or other names beginning with рад (rad).
RADIĆSerbian, Croatian
Patronymic derived from the given name RADE.
RADKOVBulgarian
Means "son of RADKO".
RAFFERTYIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Rabhartaigh meaning "descendant of Rabhartach". The given name Rabhartach means "flood tide".
RAGNOItalian
From a nickname meaning "spider" in Italian.
RAIMONDIItalian
Derived from the given name RAIMONDO.
RAINESEnglish
Originally denoted a person from Rayne, Essex, England (possibly from an Old English word meaning "shelter") or from Rennes, Brittany, France (from the name of the Gaulish tribe of the Redones).
RAINSEnglish
Variant of RAINES.
RAISItalian
Occupational name for the fisherman in charge of the boat, from Italian rais "captain", of Arabic origin. It is typical of Sicily and Sardinia.
RAKEEnglish
Originally a name for a dweller on a narrow pass or hillside, from Old English hrace meaning "throat".
RAKESEnglish
Variant of RAKE.
RALSTONScottish
Originally denoted a person from Ralston, Scotland, which was derived from the given name RALPH combined with Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
RAMIRESPortuguese
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Portuguese.
RAMÍREZSpanish
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Spanish.
RAMOSSpanish
Originally indicated a person who lived in a thickly wooded area, from Latin ramus meaning "branch".
RAMSEYScottish, English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". The surname was brought to Scotland by the Norman baron Simundus de Ramsay.
RANAItalian, Spanish
Means "frog" in Italian and Spanish.
RANDALEnglish
Derived from the given name RANDEL.
RANDALLEnglish
Derived from the given name RANDEL.
RANDELLEnglish
Derived from the given name RANDEL.
RANDRUPDanish
From the name of homesteads in Denmark (in Viborg or Rebild municipalities).
RANERIItalian
Derived from the Italian given name RANIERO.
RANTAFinnish
Originally indicated a person who lived near the shore, from Finnish ranta meaning "shore, beach".
RAO (1)Indian, Telugu, Kannada
From Sanskrit राज (raja) meaning "king".
RAO (2)Italian
Derived from the given name RAUL.
RAPALLINOItalian
From the name of the town of Rapallo near Genoa.
RAPP (1)Swedish
From Swedish rapp meaning "quick, prompt", one of the names adopted by soldiers in the 17th century.
RAPP (2)German
From Middle High German raben meaning "raven", a nickname for a person with black hair.
RAPTISGreek
Means "tailor" in Greek.
RASCHGerman
German form of RASK.
RASKDanish, Swedish
Means "energetic, quick, healthy" in Danish and Swedish.
RASKOPFGerman
Possibly from German rasch "quick" and Kopf "head".
RASPUTINRussian
From Russian распутье (rasputye) meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
RATTIItalian
From Italian ratto meaning "rat", originally denoting a sly individual.
RATTRAYScottish
From a Scottish place name meaning "fortress town", from Gaelic ráth meaning "fortress" and a Pictish word meaning "town".
RAUTIOFinnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
RAVENNAItalian
From the name of the city of Ravenna in northern Italy, which is of uncertain origin, possibly Etruscan.
RAYNEEnglish, French
Derived from a Germanic name which was short for longer names beginning with the element ragin meaning "advice, counsel".
Italian
Italian form of REY (1).
READ (1)English
Means "red" from Middle English read, probably denoting a person with red hair or complexion.
READ (2)English
From Old English ryd, an unattested form of rod meaning "cleared land". It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
READY (1)English
From Middle English redi meaning "prepared, prompt".
READY (2)Scottish
Originally denoted a person from Reedie farm in Angus, Scotland.
READY (3)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RODAGH.
REAGANIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Ríagáin meaning "descendant of RIAGÁN".
REECEWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REENBERGDanish
Meaning unknown. The second element is probably from Old Norse berg "mountain" (modern Danish bjerg).
REESWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REESEWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REEVEEnglish
Occupational name derived from Middle English reeve, Old English (ge)refa meaning "sheriff, prefect, local official".
REEVESEnglish
Variant of REEVE.
REGANIrish
Variant of REAGAN.
REGENBOGENGerman, Jewish
From a German nickname meaning "rainbow".
ŘEHACzech
Derived from the given name ŘEHOŘ.
REIDScottish
Scots variant of READ (1).
REIERGerman
Variant of REIHER.
REIHERGerman
Means "heron" in German, a nickname for a person with long legs.
REILLYIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RAGHAILLIGH.
REINDERSDutch, Frisian
From the given name REINDERT.
REISGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German ris meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
RENAUDFrench
From the given name RENAUD.
RENDÓNSpanish
Possibly derived from a variant of Spanish de rondón meaning "unexpectedly, rashly".
RESNIKSlovene
Possibly from Slovene resa meaning "heather".
RETTIGGerman
Derived from Middle High German retich, Middle Low German redik meaning "radish", an occupational name for a grower or seller of radishes.
REUTER (1)German
Fom Middle High German riute meaning "cleared land".
REUTER (2)German
From Middle High German riutœre meaning "highwayman, thief".
REVIEEnglish
Variant of REEVE.
REY (1)English, Spanish, French, Catalan
Means "king" in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex (genitive regis), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
REY (2)English
Means "female roe deer" from Old English ræge, probably denoting someone of a nervous temperament.
REYERGerman
Variant of REIHER.
REYESSpanish
Spanish variant of REY (1).
REYNOLDSEnglish
Derived from the given name REYNOLD.
ŘEZNÍKCzech, Slovak
Means "butcher" in Czech and Slovak.
RHEEKorean
North Korean form of LEE (2).
RHODESEnglish
Topographic name derived from Old English rod meaning "cleared land", or a locational name from any of the locations named with this word.
RHYDDERCHWelsh
From the given name RHYDDERCH.
RIBEIROPortuguese
Means "little river, stream" in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin riparius meaning "riverbank".
RIBERDanish
Originally indicated a person from the county or town of Ribe in southwestern Denmark.
RICCHETTIItalian
Diminutive form of RICCI.
RICCIItalian
From Italian riccio meaning "curly", a nickname for someone with curly hair. It is ultimately from Latin ericius meaning "hedgehog".
RICEWelsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
RICHARDEnglish, French, German, Dutch
From the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDSEnglish
Derived from the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDSONEnglish
Means "son of RICHARD".
RICHELIEUFrench
From the name of the town of Richelieu, derived from French riche "wealthy" and lieu "place". The historic figure Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642), born Armand du Plessis, was so-called because he became the first Duke of Richelieu. He appears in Alexander Dumas' novel 'The Three Musketeers' (1844).
RICHTERGerman
Means "judge" in German, from Middle High German rihtære.
RICKARDEnglish
From the given name RICHARD.
RIDEREnglish
Variant of RYDER.
RIDLEYEnglish
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places of this name in England. The places are derived from Old English geryd "channel" or hreod "reed" combined with leah "woodland, clearing".
RIESEGerman, Jewish
Means "giant" in German.
RIETVELDDutch
Means "reed field", from Dutch riet "reed" and veld "field". It is found mostly in the western part of the Netherlands (the Holland area).
RIGBYEnglish
Originally derived from a the name of a town in Lancashire, itself from Old Norse hryggr "ridge" and býr "farm".
RIGGIItalian
From the name of the Italian city of Reggio Calabria, from Latin Rhegium, of Greek origin.
RIGHIItalian
From the given name ARRIGO.
RIGÓHungarian
Means "thrush" in Hungarian.
RILEY (1)English
From the name of the town of Ryley in Lancashire, derived from Old English ryge "rye" and leah "clearing".
RIMMEREnglish
Occupational name meaning "poet", from Middle English rime meaning "rhyme".
RINALDIItalian
Derived from the given name RINALDO.
RINNE (1)Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RINN.
RINNE (2)Finnish
Means "hillside" in Finnish.
RÍOSSpanish
Spanish cognate of RIOS.
RIOSPortuguese
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese rios "river", ultimately from Latin rivus.
RITTERGerman
From Middle High German riter meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER.
RIVAItalian
Means "bank, shore" in Italian, from Latin ripa, denoting one who lived by a river or a lake.
RIVERASpanish
From Spanish ribera meaning "bank, shore", from Latin riparius.
RIVERSEnglish
Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere meaning "river", from Latin riparius meaning "riverbank".
RIZZOItalian
Variant of RICCI.
ROACHEnglish
From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word which may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROBBINSEnglish
Derived from the given name ROBIN.
ROBERTEnglish, French, Dutch
From the given name ROBERT.
ROBERTSEnglish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSENDanish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSONEnglish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSSONSwedish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBINSONEnglish
Means "son of ROBIN".
ROBLEDOSpanish
Means "oak wood" from Spanish roble "oak", ultimately from Latin robur.
ROBLESSpanish
Originally indicated a person who lived near an oak tree or forest, from Spanish roble "oak", from Latin robur.
ROBSONEnglish
Means "son of ROB".
ROBUSTELLIItalian
From a nickname for a strong person, from Italian robusto "strong", from Latin robustus "firm, solid, oaken".
ROCCAItalian
Italian cognate of ROACH.
ROCCHIItalian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCCOItalian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCHAPortuguese, Galician
Portuguese and Galician cognate of ROACH.
ROCHEFrench
French cognate of ROACH.
RODERICKEnglish
Derived from the given name RODERICK.
RODGERSEnglish
Derived from the given name RODGER.
RODRIGUESPortuguese
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Portuguese.
RODRÍGUEZSpanish
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Spanish.
RÓGPolish
Means "animal horn" in Polish.
ROGERSEnglish
Derived from the given name ROGER.
ROGERSONEnglish
Means "son of ROGER".
ROGGEVEENDutch
Means "rye field" in Dutch. A famous bearer was Jacob Roggeveen (1659-1729), the first European explorer to Easter Island.
ROIGCatalan
Means "red" in Catalan, from Latin rubeus, originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a red complexion.
ROJASSpanish
Variant of ROJO.
ROJOSpanish
Means "red" in Spanish, referring to the colour of the hair or complexion.
ROLDÁNSpanish
Derived from the given name ROLDÁN.
ROLLINSEnglish
From a diminutive of the given name ROLAND.
ROLVSSONNorwegian
Means "son of ROLF".
ROMAGNAItalian
From the region of Romagna, on the Adriatic coast of Italy. It is derived from Latin Romania meaning "land of the Romans".
ROMANO (1)Italian
Derived from the given name ROMANO.
ROMANO (2)Italian
Denoted a person from the city of ROME, either a resident or someone who visited as a pilgrim. In Calabria it was also used to designate a person from New Rome, a name for Constantinople.
ROMANOVRussian
Means "son of ROMAN". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
ROMÃOPortuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANO (1) or ROMANO (2).
ROMEFrench, English
English and French form of ROMANO (2).
ROMEIJNDutch
Derived from the given name ROMEIN.
ROMEIJNDERSDutch
From Dutch Romein meaning "Roman, person from ROME".
ROMEIJNSENDutch
Means "son of ROMEIN" in Dutch.
ROMEROSpanish
Derived from Spanish romero meaning "pilgrim to ROME".
ROMIJNDutch
Derived from the given name ROMEIN.
ROMIJNSENDutch
Means "son of ROMEIN" in Dutch.
ROMILLYEnglish, French
Originally denoted a person who came from any of the various places in northern France called ROMILLY or from ROMILEY in England.
RONCALLIItalian
From the names of places like Ronco or Ronchi, quite common in northern Italy, derived from ronco meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It was the surname of Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), the pope John XXIII.
RONCHIItalian
From Italian places named Ronchi, derived from ronco meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It is most common in northern and central Italy.
ROOIJAKKERSDutch
Means "red field", from Dutch rood "red" and akker "field".
ROOSADutch
From Dutch roos meaning "rose".
ROOSEVELTDutch
Means "rose field" from Dutch roos "rose" and veld "field". This was the surname of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
ROSAItalian, Catalan
Italian and Catalan form of ROSE (1).
ROSALESSpanish
Means "rose bushes" in Spanish.
ROSÁRIOPortuguese
Means "rosary" in Portuguese. This name was often given to people born on the day of the festival of Our Lady of the Rosary.
ROSARIOSpanish
Spanish form of ROSÁRIO.
ROSCOEEnglish
From the name of a town in Lancashire, derived from Old Norse "roebuck" and skógr "wood, forest".
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose, all from Latin rosa. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz).
ROSE (2)English
Derived from the feminine given name ROSE.
ROSENBERGGerman, Swedish, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German and Swedish. As a Swedish and Jewish name it is ornamental.
ROSENFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
ROSSEnglish, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland) which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory, headland".
ROSSIItalian
Derived from a nickname for a red-haired person, from Italian rosso, Latin russus meaning "red".
ROSSINIItalian
Diminutive form of ROSSI. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
ROSTAMIPersian
Derived from the given name ROSTAM.
ROTGerman, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTHGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHBAUERGerman
From Old High German riuten "to clear land" and bur "peasant, farmer".
ROTHENBERGGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
ROTHSCHILDJewish
From Middle High German rot "red" and schilt "shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit) and שׁילד (shild). The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
ROTOLOItalian
From the Italian word for a measure of weight, from southern Italian dialects, derived from Greek via Arabic.
ROUNDSEnglish
Patronymic derived from Middle English rond meaning "round, plump", ultimately from Latin rotundus.
ROUSSEAUFrench
Diminutive of ROUX. A famous bearer was the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose ideas influenced the French Revolution.
ROUSSELFrench
French form of RUSSELL.
ROUXFrench
Derived from Old French ros meaning "red", from Latin russus, a nickname for a red-haired person.
ROVIGATTIItalian
From the name of the city of Rovigo in northeastern Italy near Venice. It was called Rodigium in Latin, and is of unknown meaning.
ROWANIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
ROWBOTTOMEnglish
Originally indicated a person who lived in an overgrown valley, from Old English ruh "rough, overgrown" and boðm "valley".
ROWE (1)English
Means "row" in Middle English, indicating a dweller by a row of hedges or houses.
ROWE (2)English
From the medieval name Row, which is either a variant of ROUL or short form of ROLAND.
ROWLANDEnglish
Derived from the given name ROLAND.
ROWNTREEEnglish
Originally given to a person who lived near a rowan tree or mountain ash.
ROXASFilipino
Filipino form of the Spanish ROJAS.
ROY (2)Scottish
From Gaelic ruadh meaning "red-haired".
ROYCEEnglish
Originally derived from the medieval given name Royse, a variant of ROSE.
ROYDONEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill", from Old English ryge "rye" and dun "hill".
ROYERFrench
From French roue meaning "wheel", ultimately from Latin rota, an occupational name for a wheelwright.
ROYLEEnglish
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill" from Old English ryge "rye" and hyll "hill".
ROYSTONEnglish
Originally taken from an Old English place name meaning "Royse's town". The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE.
RÓZSAHungarian
From the feminine given name RÓZSA.
RUANChinese
From Chinese (ruǎn) which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
RUANEIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
RUBIOSpanish
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red".
RUDAWSKIPolish
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
RUGGERIItalian
Derived from the given name RUGGERO.
RUGGIEROItalian
From the given name RUGGIERO.
RUGGLESEnglish
From a medieval diminutive of the given name ROGER.
RUIZSpanish
Means "son of RUY" in Spanish.
RUNDSTRÖMSwedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish rund "round" and ström "stream".
RUOHOFinnish
Means "grass" in Finnish.
RUOTSALAINENFinnish
Means "Swede" in Finnish.
RUSHEnglish
Indicated a person who lived near rushes, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh, from Old English rysc.
RUSKIN (1)Scottish
From Gaelic rusgaire meaning "tanner".
RUSKIN (2)English
From a diminutive of the feminine given name ROSE.
RUSNAKPolish
Means "Russian" in Polish.
RUSSELLEnglish
From a Norman French nickname which meant "little red one", perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
RUSSOItalian
Variant of ROSSI.
RUSTICIItalian
From Italian rustico meaning "rustic, rural".
RUTHERFORDScottish
From the name of places in southern Scotland and northern England, derived from Old English hryðer meaning "cattle, ox" and ford meaning "ford, river crossing".
RUTKOWSKIPolish
Originally a name for a person from Rutki, Poland.
RUTTENDutch
Derived from the given name RUTGER.
RUUDNorwegian
Derived from Old Norse ruð meaning "clearing".
RŮŽIČKACzech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
RUZSAHungarian
Dialectical variant of RÓZSA.
RUZZIERItalian
From a dialectal variant of RUGGIERO. It is typical of northeastern Italy, the area around Trieste.
RYANIrish
Anglicized form of Ó RIAIN, or else a simplified form of MULRYAN.
RYBACzech, Polish
Means "fish" in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
RYBÁRSlovak
Slovak form of RYBÁŘ.
RYBÁŘCzech
Means "fisher" in Czech, from ryba meaning "fish".
RYDEREnglish
Occupational name for a mounted warrior, from Old English ridere meaning "rider".
RYEEnglish
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).
RYERGerman (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of REIHER.
RYSKAMPDutch
Meaning unknown, probably ending with Dutch kamp meaning "camp".
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