Derived from Hungarian rác
meaning "Rascian", a former name for Serbians who lived in the Habsburg Empire.
From various place names in England that mean "red cliff" in Old English.
From the occupation of rademaker
meaning "maker of wheels", from Dutch rad
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Rabhartaigh
meaning "descendant of Rabhartach". The given name Rabhartach
means "flood tide".
Originally denoted a person from Rayne, Essex, England (possibly from an Old English word meaning "shelter") or from Rennes, Brittany, France (from the name of the Gaulish tribe of the Redones).
Occupational name for the fisherman in charge of the boat, from Italian rais
"captain", of Arabic origin. It is typical of Sicily and Sardinia.
Originally a name for a dweller on a narrow pass or hillside, from Old English hrace
Originally denoted a person from Ralston, Scotland, which was derived from the given name RALPH
combined with Old English tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
Originally indicated a person who lived in a thickly wooded area, from Latin ramus
RAMSEY Scottish, English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa
"garlic" and eg
"island". The surname was brought to Scotland by the Norman baron Simundus de Ramsay.
From the name of homesteads in Denmark (in Viborg or Rebild municipalities).
Originally indicated a person who lived near the shore, from Finnish ranta
meaning "shore, beach".
RAPP (1) Swedish
From Swedish rapp
meaning "quick, prompt", one of the names adopted by soldiers in the 17th century.
RAPP (2) German
From Middle High German raben
meaning "raven", a nickname for a person with black hair.
Possibly from German rasch
"quick" and Kopf
From Russian распутье (rasputye)
meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
From Italian ratto
meaning "rat", originally denoting a sly individual.
From a Scottish place name meaning "fortress town", from Gaelic ráth
meaning "fortress" and a Pictish word meaning "town".
From the name of the city of Ravenna in northern Italy, which is of uncertain origin, possibly Etruscan.
RAYNE English, French
Derived from a Germanic name that was short for longer names beginning with the element ragin
meaning "advice, counsel".
READ (1) English
Means "red" from Middle English read
, probably denoting a person with red hair or complexion.
READ (2) English
From Old English ryd
, an unattested form of rod
meaning "cleared land". It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Ríagáin
meaning "descendant of RIAGÁN
". A famous bearer was American president Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).
Meaning unknown. The second element is probably from Old Norse berg
"mountain" (modern Danish bjerg
Occupational name derived from Middle English reeve
, Old English (ge)refa
meaning "sheriff, prefect, local official".
Means "heron" in German, a nickname for a person with long legs.
REIS German, Jewish
From Middle High German ris
meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
From the name of the town of Rimington in Lancashire, derived from the name of the stream Riming
combined with Old English tun
meaning "enclosure, town".
Possibly derived from a variant of Spanish de rondón
meaning "unexpectedly, rashly".
Derived from Middle High German retich
, Middle Low German redik
meaning "radish", an occupational name for a grower or seller of radishes.
REY (1) English, Spanish, French, Catalan
Means "king" in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex
), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
REY (2) English
Means "female roe deer" from Old English ræge
, probably denoting someone of a nervous temperament.
Topographic name derived from Old English rod
meaning "cleared land", or a locational name from any of the locations named with this word.
Means "little river, stream" in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin riparius
Originally indicated a person from the county or town of Ribe in southwestern Denmark.
From Italian riccio
meaning "curly", a nickname for someone with curly hair. It is ultimately from Latin ericius
From the name of the town of Richelieu, derived from French riche
"wealthy" and lieu
"place". The historic figure Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642), born Armand du Plessis, was so-called because he became the first Duke of Richelieu. He appears in Alexander Dumas' novel 'The Three Musketeers' (1844).
Means "judge" in German, from Middle High German rihtære
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places of this name in England. The places are derived from Old English geryd
"channel" or hreod
"reed" combined with leah
Means "reed field", from Dutch riet
"reed" and veld
"field". It is found mostly in the western part of the Netherlands (the Holland area).
Originally derived from a the name of a town in Lancashire, itself from Old Norse hryggr
"ridge" and býr
From the name of the Italian city of Reggio Calabria, from Latin Rhegium
, of Greek origin.
RILEY (1) English
From the name of the town of Ryley in Lancashire, derived from Old English ryge
"rye" and leah
Occupational name meaning "poet", from Middle English rime
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese rios
"river", ultimately from Latin rivus
From Middle High German riter
meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER
Means "bank, shore" in Italian, from Latin ripa
, denoting one who lived by a river or a lake.
From Spanish ribera
meaning "bank, shore", from Latin riparius
Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere
meaning "river", from Latin riparius
From Middle English and Old French roche
meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca
, a word that may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
Means "oak wood" from Spanish roble
"oak", ultimately from Latin robur
Originally indicated a person who lived near an oak tree or forest, from Spanish roble
"oak", from Latin robur
From a nickname for a strong person, from Italian robusto
"strong", from Latin robustus
"firm, solid, oaken".
Means "rye field" in Dutch. A famous bearer was Jacob Roggeveen (1659-1729), the first European explorer to Easter Island.
Means "red" in Catalan, from Latin rubeus
, originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a red complexion.
Means "red" in Spanish, referring to the colour of the hair or complexion.
From the region of Romagna, on the Adriatic coast of Italy. It is derived from Latin Romania
meaning "land of the Romans".
ROMANO (2) Italian
Denoted a person from the city of ROME
, either a resident or someone who visited as a pilgrim. In Calabria it was also used to designate a person from New Rome, a name for Constantinople.
Means "son of ROMAN
". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
From the names of places like Ronco or Ronchi, quite common in northern Italy, derived from ronco
meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It was the surname of Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), the pope John XXIII.
From Italian places named Ronchi, derived from ronco
meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It is most common in northern and central Italy.
Means "rose field" from Dutch roos
"rose" and veld
"field". This was the surname of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
Means "rosary" in Portuguese. This name was often given to people born on the day of the festival of Our Lady of the Rosary.
From the name of a town in Lancashire, derived from Old Norse rá
"roebuck" and skógr
ROSE (1) English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
ROSS English, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland), which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros
meaning "promontory, headland".
Derived from a nickname for a red-haired person, from Italian rosso
, Latin russus
Diminutive form of ROSSI
. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
ROTH German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
From Old High German riuten
"to clear land" and bur
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
From Middle High German rot
"red" and schilt
"shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit)
and שילד (shild)
. The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
From the Italian word for a measure of weight, from southern Italian dialects, derived from Greek via Arabic.
Patronymic derived from Middle English rond
meaning "round, plump", ultimately from Latin rotundus
Diminutive of ROUX
. A famous bearer was the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose ideas influenced the French Revolution.
Derived from Old French ros
meaning "red", from Latin russus
, a nickname for a red-haired person.
From the name of the city of Rovigo in northeastern Italy near Venice. It was called Rodigium
in Latin, and is of unknown meaning.
Originally indicated a person who lived in an overgrown valley, from Old English ruh
"rough, overgrown" and boðm
ROWE (1) English
Means "row" in Middle English, indicating a dweller by a row of hedges or houses.
Originally given to a person who lived near a rowan tree or mountain ash.
Originally derived from the medieval given name Royse
, a variant of ROSE
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill", from Old English ryge
"rye" and dun
From French roue
meaning "wheel", ultimately from Latin rota
, an occupational name for a wheelwright.
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill" from Old English ryge
"rye" and hyll
Originally taken from an Old English place name meaning "Royse's town". The given name Royse
was a medieval variant of ROSE
From Chinese 阮 (ruǎn)
, which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
Indicated a person who lived near rushes, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh, from Old English rysc
From a Norman French nickname that meant "little red one", perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
From the name of places in southern Scotland and northern England, derived from Old English hryðer
meaning "cattle, ox" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
From a dialectal variant of RUGGIERO
. It is typical of northeastern Italy, the area around Trieste.
RYBA Czech, Polish
Means "fish" in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
Means "fisher" in Czech, from ryba
Occupational name for a mounted warrior, from Old English ridere
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye
meaning "at the island" or atter eye
meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge
Meaning unknown, probably ending with Dutch kamp