Surnames Starting with R

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RÁCZ     Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian rác meaning "Serbian".
RADCLIFF     English
From various place names in England which mean "red cliff" in Old English.
RADCLYFFE     English
Variant of RADCLIFF.
Variant of RADEMAKER.
RADEMAKER     Dutch, German
From the old occupation of rademaker which referred to a person who made raden "wheels" (singular rad).
Variant of RADEMAKER.
RADEV     Bulgarian
Means "son of Rade", Rade being a diminutive of RADOSLAV, RADOMIR, or any other name beginning with rad.
RADIĆ     Serbian, Croatian
Patronymic derived from the given name Rade, a diminutive of RADOSLAV, RADOVAN or any other name beginning with rad.
RADKOV     Bulgarian
Means "son of RADKO".
RAFFERTY     Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Rabhartaigh meaning "descendant of Rabhartach". The given name Rabhartach means "flood tide".
RAGNO     Italian
From a nickname meaning "spider".
Means "son of RAGNVALD".
RAIMONDI     Italian
Derived from the given name RAIMONDO.
RAINES     English
Originally denoted a person from Rayne (Essex), England or from Rennes, France.
RAINS     English
Variant of RAINES.
RAIS     Italian
Occupational name for a ràis, the fisherman who directed the fishing. It is typical of Sicily and Sardinia and probably has Arabic origins.
RAKE     English
Means "dweller on a narrow pass or hillside" from Old English hraca.
RAKES     English
Variant of RAKE.
RALSTON     Scottish
Originally denoted a person from Ralston, Scotland.
RAMAAKER     Dutch
Variant of RADEMAKERS.
RAMAKER     Dutch
Variant of RADEMAKER.
RAMAKERS     Dutch
Variant of RADEMAKER.
RAMECKER     Dutch
Variant of RADEMAKER.
Variant of RADEMAKER.
RAMIRES     Portuguese
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Portuguese.
RAMÍREZ     Spanish
Means "son of RAMIRO" in Spanish.
RAMOS     Spanish
Means "dweller in a thickly wooded area" from Latin ramus. It could also refer to someone connected with Palm Sunday in some way (French dimanche des rameaux).
RAMSAY     Scottish
Variant of RAMSEY.
RAMSEY     Scottish, English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". The surname was brought to Scotland by the Norman baron Simundus de Ramsay.
RANA     Italian, Spanish
Means "frog" in Italian and Spanish.
RANDAL     English
Variant of RANDALL.
RANDALL     English
Derived from the given name RANDEL.
RANDELL     English
Variant of RANDALL.
RANDRUP     Danish
From the name of homesteads in Denmark (in Viborg or Rebild municipalities).
RANERI     Italian
Derived from the Italian given name RANIERO.
RANTA     Finnish
Means "dweller by the shore" from Finnish ranta.
RAO (1)     Indian, Telugu, Kannada
From Sanskrit राज (raja) meaning "king".
RAO (2)     Italian
Derived from the given name ROLLO.
RAPALLINO     Italian
From the area of Genoa with a locative origin from the town of Rapallo.
RAPP (1)     Swedish
Means "quick, prompt" from Swedish rapp, one of the names adopted by soldiers in the 17th century.
RAPP (2)     German, Jewish
Means "dark haired" or "raven-like".
RAPTIS     Greek
Means "tailor" in Greek.
RASK     Danish
Means "healthy, energetic, speedy" in Danish.
RASKE     Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Variant of RASK, used in Germany and the Netherlands.
RASKOB     German
Variant of RASKOPH.
RASKOP     German
Variant of RASKOPH.
RASKOPH     German
From a nickname meaning "hot head". It occurs in the northern Eifel region in Rheinland.
RASMUSSEN     Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of RASMUS".
RASPUTIN     Russian
From Russian распутье (rasputye) meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
RATTI     Italian
Means "rat", originally denoting a sly individual.
RATTRAY     Scottish
From a place name meaning "fortress town", from Gaelic rath "fortress" and Welsh tref "town".
RAUTIO     Finnish
Means "smith" in Finnish, mentioned in the Kalevala. There is also a town called Rautio.
RAVENNA     Italian
From the important city of Ravenna, near Bologna, in northern Italy.
RAY     English
Variant of REY (1), REY (2), RYE or WRAY.
RAYNE     English
Derived from a Germanic name which was short for longer names beginning with the element ragin meaning "advice, counsel".
RAYNERSON     English
Means "son of RAYNER".
Italian form of REY (1).
READ (1)     English
Means "red" from Middle English read, probably denoting a person with red hair or complexion.
READ (2)     English
Means "dweller in a clearing in woodland" from Old English ried. It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
READDIE     English
Variant of READY (1).
READY (1)     English
Means "prepared, prompt" from Middle English readi.
READY (2)     Scottish
Originally denoted a person from Reedie, Scotland.
READY (3)     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RODAGH.
REAGAN     Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Ríagáin meaning "descendant of RIAGÁN".
REECE     Welsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REED     English
Variant of READ (1) or READ (2).
REENBERG     Danish
Meaning unknown.
REES     Welsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REESE     Welsh
Derived from the given name RHYS.
REEVE     English
Occupational name for a sheriff, from Middle English reeve.
REGAN     Irish
Variant of REAGAN.
REGENBOGEN     German, Jewish
From a German word meaning "rainbow".
REHA     Czech
Derived from the given name Rehor, a Czech form of GREGORY.
REID     Scottish
Scots variant of READ (1).
REIER     English, German
Variant of ROYER.
REIHER     German
Variant of ROYER.
REIJNDER     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
REIJNDERS     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
REILLY     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RAGHAILLIGH.
REINDER     Dutch, Frisian
Derived from the Frisian given name Reinder, which is a form of the Dutch given name Reinier. Reinier is the Dutch variant of RAYNER.
REINDERS     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
REIS     Jewish
Ornamental name from German Reis meaning "twig, branch".
REITER     German
Variant of REUTER (1).
RENAUD     French
From the given name RENAUD.
RENDÓN     Spanish
Derived from the Spanish phrase de rendon "brave".
RENNELL     English
Variant of REYNOLDS.
RENNOLD     English
Variant of REYNOLDS.
RENNOLL     English
Variant of REYNOLDS.
RESNIK     Slovene
Topographic name, derived from resa "heather" or else from a type of barley.
RETTIG     German
Derived from Middle Low German redik for "radish". It is therefore occupational and applied to greengrocers.
REUTER (1)     German, Jewish
Means "dweller in a clearing" or "clearer of woodland" from Middle High German riute.
REUTER (2)     German, Jewish
Means "highwayman" from Middle High German riutœre.
REVIE     English
Variant of REEVE.
REY (1)     English, Spanish, French, Catalan
Means "king" in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex (genitive regis), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
REY (2)     English
Means "female roe deer" from Old English ræge, probably denoting someone of a nervous temperament.
REYER     French
Variant of ROYER.
REYES     Spanish
Spanish variant of REY (1).
REYNDER     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
REYNDERS     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
REYNELL     English
Variant of REYNOLDS.
REYNOLDS     English
Derived from the given name REYNOLD.
ŘEZNÍČEK     Czech
Diminutive of reznik "butcher".
ŘEZNÍK     Czech, Slovak
Means "butcher" in Czech and Slovak.
RHEE     Korean
North Korean form of LEE (2).
RHODES     English
Either a topographical name derived from Old English rod meaning "a clearing in woodland", or a locational name from any of the locations named with this word.
From the given name RHYDDERCH.
RIBEIRO     Portuguese
Means "little river" or "stream", derived from the Portuguese word ribeira.
RIBER     Danish
Originally indicated someone who came from the county or town of Ribe in southwest Denmark.
RICCHETTI     Italian
Diminutive form of RICCI.
RICCI     Italian
From Italian ricco "curly", a nickname for someone with curly hair.
RICE     Welsh
Anglicized version of the given name RHYS.
RICHARD     English, French, German, Dutch
From the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDS     English
Derived from the given name RICHARD.
RICHARDSON     English
Means "son of RICHARD".
RICHELIEU     French
Means "home of a rich person" in French, from the elements riche wealthy and lieu place. The historic figure Cardinal Richelieu was named such for his family estates. Due to the Cardinal's villainous portrayal in Alexander Dumas' 'The Three Musketeers', the name Richelieu is now associated with political intrigue and ambition.
RICHTER     German
From Middle High German rihtære meaning "judge".
RICKARD     English
Variant of RICHARD.
RIDER     English
Variant of RYDER.
RIDLEY     English
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places in England with that name.
RIER     English, German
Variant of ROYER.
RIESE     German, Jewish
Means "giant" from German Riese.
RIETVELD     Dutch
Means "reed field", from Dutch riet "reed" and veld "field". It is found mostly in the western part of the Netherlands (the Holland area).
RIGBY     English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "ridge farm" in Old Norse.
RIGGI     Italian
From the name of the city Reggio of Calabria.
RIGHI     Italian
From the given name Arrigo (see ARRIGHI).
RIGÓ     Hungarian
From rigó, a word meaning "blackbird" in Hungarian.
RIJNDER     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of REINDER.
RIJNDERS     Dutch, Frisian
Variant of RIJNDER.
RILEY (1)     English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye clearing" in Old English.
RILEY (2)     Irish
Variant of REILLY.
RIMMER     English
Means "poet" from Middle English rime(n).
RINALDI     Italian
Derived from the given name RINALDO.
RINNE (1)     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RINN.
RINNE (2)     Finnish
Means "hillside" from Finnish rinne.
RIOS     Portuguese, Spanish
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese and Spanish rios "river".
RITTER     German
From the German word ritter meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER.
RIVA     Italian
Means "dweller by a river, lake" from Latin ripa.
RIVERA     Spanish
Topographic name for a person who lived on a riverbank.
RIVERO     Spanish
Spanish form of RIBEIRO.
RIZZO     Italian
Variant of RICCI.
ROACH     English
From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word which may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROBBINS     English
Derived from the given name ROBIN.
ROBERT     English, French, Dutch
From the given name ROBERT.
ROBERTS     English
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSEN     Danish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSON     English
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSSON     Swedish, Icelandic
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBINSON     English
Means "son of ROBIN".
ROBLEDO     Spanish
Means "oak wood" from Spanish roble "oak".
ROBLES     Spanish
Means "dweller by the oak tree or forest" from Spanish roble which in turn was derived from Latin robur.
ROBSON     English
Means "son of ROB".
ROBUSTELLI     Italian
From a nickname indicating a strong person, from the Italian word robusto "strong".
ROCCA     Italian
Italian cognate of ROACH.
ROCCHI     Italian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCCO     Italian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCHA     Portuguese, Galician
Portuguese and Galician cognate of ROACH.
ROCHE     French
French cognate of ROACH.
RODERICK     English
Derived from the given name RODERICK.
RODGERS     English
Derived from the given name RODGER.
RODRIGUES     Portuguese
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Portuguese.
RODRÍGUEZ     Spanish
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Spanish.
RODRIQUEZ     Spanish
Variant of RODRÍGUEZ.
RÓG     Polish
Derived from Polish rog meaning "animal horn".
ROGERS     English
Derived from the given name ROGER.
ROGERSON     English
Means "son of ROGER".
Means "rye field" in Dutch. A famous bearer was Jacob Roggeveen, the explorer who discovered Easter Island.
ROIG     Catalan
Means "red (haired, complexioned)" from Latin rubeus.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
ROJAS     Spanish
Variant of ROJO.
ROJO     Spanish
Means "red" in relation to hair or complexion from Spanish rojo.
ROLDÁN     Spanish
Derived from the given name ROLDÁN.
ROLLINS     English
From a diminutive of the given name ROLAND.
ROLVSSON     Norwegian
Means "son of ROLF".
ROMA (1)     Italian
Derived from the given name Romanus (see ROMAN).
ROMA (2)     Italian
From the name of the city of Rome, Italy. It described either a person from there or someone who had been there.
ROMÀ (1)     Catalan
Derived from the given name Romanus (see ROMAN).
ROMÀ (2)     Catalan
Catalan form of ROMA (2).
ROMAGNA     Italian
From the region of Romagna, on the Adriatic coast of Italy.
ROMAGNOLI     Italian
Diminutive form of ROMAGNA.
ROMANO (1)     Italian
Derived from the given name ROMANO.
ROMANO (2)     Italian
Denoted someone who was from the city of Rome. People surnamed Romano also originated from Rome in Provincia de Foggia on the east coast of Italy.
ROMANOV     Russian
Means "son of ROMAN". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
ROMÃO     Portuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANO (1) or ROMANO (2).
ROME     French, English
English and French form of ROMA (2).
ROMEIJN     Dutch
Variant of ROMIJN.
Variant of ROMIJN.
Variant of ROMIJN.
ROMERO     Italian, Spanish
Derived from Roma, Spanish and Italian name of the city of Rome. It could have originally indicated a person who was from Rome or who took a pilgrimage to Rome.
ROMIJN     Dutch
Derived from the Dutch given name Romein, which comes from Romanus (see ROMAN).
Variant of ROMIJN.
Variant of ROMIJN.
ROMILLY     English, French
Originally denoted a person who came from any of the various places in northern France called Romilly or Remilly, or from Romiley in England.
ROMPA     Dutch
Variant of VAN ROMPA. Of all the known surnames that are derived from VAN ROMPAEY, Rompa is the commonest in the Netherlands; there are only a handful of known bearers in Flanders (Belgium).
RONCALLI     Italian
Locative surname, from the names of places like Ronco or Ronchi, quite common in northern Italy. It was the surname of Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), pope Giovanni XXIII, one of the most the popular popes of the Roman Catholic Church of the last century.
RONCHI     Italian
Locative surname coming from a place called Ronco. It is common in northern and central Italy.
Literally means "red field", from Dutch rood "red" and akker "field". The surname comes from the word rooiakker, which was a name for a field that had a reddish colour or for a field that was barren.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
Variant of ROOIAKKER.
ROOSA     Dutch
From the Dutch word roos meaning "rose".
Means "rose field" from Dutch roos "rose" and veld "field". This was the surname of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
ROSA     Italian, Catalan
Means "rose" from Latin rosa, perhaps denoting a person who lived where roses grew or had a rosy complexion.
ROSALES     Spanish
Means "bed of roses" in Spanish.
ROSARIO     Portuguese
Means "rosary" from Portuguese rosario. This name was often given to people born on the day of the festival of Our Lady of the Rosary.
ROSCOE     English
From a place name meaning "doe wood" in Old Norse.
ROSE (1)     English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish
Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. It is also found derived from the Yiddish royz, which always referred to the flower.
ROSE (2)     English
Derived from the given name ROSE.
ROSENBERG     German, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German.
ROSENFELD     German, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German.
ROSS     English, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland) which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory, headland".
ROSSI     Italian
Derived from a nickname for a red-haired person, from Italian rosso, Latin russus meaning "red".
ROSSINI     Italian
Diminutive form of ROSSI. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
ROSTAMI     Persian
Derived from the given name ROSTAM.
ROT     German, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTH     German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHBAUER     German
From Middle High German roten "to clear land" and bur or bure "farmer".
ROTHENBERG     German, Jewish
Means "red mountain" from German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain".
ROTHSCHILD     German, Jewish
Means "red shield, sign" from German rot "red" and German or Yiddish s(c)hild "sign, shield". The surname originally came from a family who took their name from a house with a red shield or sign on it. It has since been adopted by unrelated Jews.
ROTOLO     Italian
Derived from a nickname indicating an old measure. The word rotolu comes from southern Italian dialects, and is derived from the Arabic or Greek language.
ROUNDS     English
Means "son of the fat person" from the Middle English and Old French rond, rund.
ROUSSEAU     French
Diminutive of ROUX. A famous bearer was the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose ideas influenced the French Revolution.
ROUSSEL     French
French form of RUSSELL.
ROUX     French
Derived from old French rous "red", most likely a nickname for a red-haired person.
ROVIGATTI     Italian
From the name of the city of Rovigo near Venice.
ROWAN     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
ROWBOTTOM     English
Means "dweller in the overgrown valley" from Old English ruh "rough, overgrown" and boðm "valley".
ROWE     English, Scottish, Irish
Means "dweller by a row of hedges or houses" from Middle English row. Some examples of the name are derived from the medieval name Row, which is either a variant of ROLLO or ROLAND.
ROWLAND     English
Derived from the given name ROLAND.
ROWNTREE     English
Given to a person who lived near a rowan tree or mountain ash.
ROXAS     Filipino
Filipino form of the Spanish ROJAS.
ROY (1)     French, English
Variant of REY (1).
ROY (2)     Scottish
Means "red haired" from Gaelic ruadh.
ROYCE     English
Originally derived from the medieval given name Royse, a variant of ROSE.
ROYCESTON     English
Variant of ROYSTON.
ROYDON     English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill", from Old English ryge "rye" and dun "hill".
ROYER     French
From the Old French verb, which comes from roye meaning "to furrow with little irrigation trenches". In the Ardennes Mountains it means "to ret or steep flax".
ROYLE     English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill" from Old English ryge "rye" and hyll "hill".
ROYSTON     English
Originally taken from an Old English place name meaning "Royse's town". The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE.
RÓZSA     Hungarian
Variant of ROSE (2). This is one of the limited number of matronymic surnames used in Hungary.
RUAN     Chinese
From Chinese (ruǎn) which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
RUANE     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
RUBIO     Spanish
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red".
RUDASKI     Polish
Variant of RUDAWSKI.
RUDAWSKI     Polish
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
RUGGERI     Italian
Derived from the given name RUGGERO.
RUGGLES     English
From a medieval diminutive of the given name ROGER.
RUIZ     Spanish
Means "son of RUY" in Spanish.
RUNDSTRÖM     Swedish
From a Swedish place name meaning "round stream".
RUOHO     Finnish
Means "grass" in Finnish.
Means "Swede" from Finnish ruotsalainen.
RUPERTSON     English (Rare)
Means "son of RUPERT".
RUPERTSSON     Swedish (Rare)
Swedish form of RUPERTSON.
RUSH     English
Refers to a rush, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh.
RUSKIN (1)     Scottish
Means "tanner" from the Gaelic rusg(aire)an.
RUSKIN (2)     English
Means "little Rose" from the medieval given name ROSE.
RUSNAK     Polish
Means "Russian" in Polish.
RUSSEL     English
Variant of RUSSELL.
RUSSELL     English
From a Norman French nickname which meant "little red one", perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
RUSSO     Italian
Variant of ROSSI.
RUSTICI     Italian
From a medieval nickname for a rustic man living in the country.
RUTHERFORD     Scottish
Originally taken by families who lived near the town of Rutherford in Scotland. It means "cattle ford" in Old English. The name dates back to the 13th century.
RUTHERFURD     Scottish
Variant of RUTHERFORD.
RUTKOWSKI     Polish
Originally a name for a person from Rutki, Poland.
RUTTEN     Dutch
Derived from the given name RUTGER.
RUUD     Norwegian
Derived from Old Norse ruð meaning "clearing".
RŮŽIČKA     Czech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
RUZSA     Hungarian
Dialectical variant of RÓZSA.
RUZZIER     Italian
From a dialectal variant of RUGGERO. It is typical of northeastern Italy, the area around Trieste.
RYAN     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RIAIN, or else a simplified form of MULRYAN.
RYBÁR     Slovak
Slovak form of RYBÁŘ.
RYBÁŘ     Czech
Means "fisher" in Czech.
RYDER     English
Occupational surname for a mounted forest officer, from Old English ridere meaning "rider".
RYE     English
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).
RYER     English
Variant of ROYER.
RYERS     English
Variant of ROYER.
RYLEY     English
Variant of RILEY (1).
RYSKAMP     Dutch
Means "those who farmed rye", from Dutch kamp meaning "place".
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