Surnames Starting with S

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SAAB     Arabic
Possibly from the Arabic given name SABAH.
SAARI     Finnish
Means "(dweller on) an island" from Finnish saari.
SABBADIN     Italian
From sabbato "Saturday", a name for one born on that day of the week.
SACCO     Italian
Means "sack-maker" in Italian.
SACHS     German
From Old German sachs, which means "Saxon". The Saxons were a Germanic tribe, their name ultimately deriving from the Old Germanic word sahs meaning "knife". Famous bearers of this surname include Hans Sachs (1494-1576), a German poet, and Nelly Sachs (1891-1970), a Swedish dramatist and poet, who was awarded in 1966 with the Nobel prize for literature, poetry and plays about the Jewish people.
SACKVILLE     English
From the name of the Norman French town of Saqueneville.
SADIK     Turkish
From the Turkish word sadik meaning "loyal".
SADLER     English
Means "saddle-maker" from Old English sadol.
SADOWSKI     Polish
Denoted someone who lived in Sadowo, Sadowice or other places beginning with sad- "garden".
SAITO     Japanese
Variant transcription of SAITOU.
SAITOU     Japanese
From Japanese (sai) meaning "purification, worship" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The latter character could indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
SALA     Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Romanian
Means "worker at a manor house" from Old French salle.
SALAMANCA     Spanish
Originally indicated a person from Salamanca, in western Spain.
SALAMON     Hungarian
Derived from the given name SALAMON.
SALAZAR     Spanish, Portuguese
Means "dweller in the old hall" from the Romance word sala meaning "hall" and the Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to Salazar in Burgos, Spain.
SALCEDO     Spanish
Derived from the Latin word salix meaning "willow tree". The name was originally given to one who lived near a willow tree.
SALIHOVIĆ     Bosnian
Means "son of SALIH".
SALINAS     Spanish
Means "(dweller by or worker at) a saltworks" from Spanish salinas.
SALLER (1)     German
Originally denoted a person from Sallern, Bavaria.
SALLER (2)     German
Means "(dweller by) a sallow tree" from Middle High German salhe.
SALMON     English, French
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SALOMON     French, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SALUCCI     Italian
Means "salt" in Italian.
SALVAGE     English, French
Variant of SAVAGE.
SALVAGGI     Italian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALVAI     Italian
Means "to save" from Italian salvai.
SALVAIL     Italian
Variant of SALVAI.
SALVATICI     Italian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALVAY     Italian
Variant of SALVAI.
SALZWEDEL     German
Originally denoted a person from Salzwedel, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "salt ford".
SAMARA     Arabic
Meaning unknown.
SAMPSON     English
Derived from a medieval form of the given name SAMSON.
SAMS     English
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMSA     Hungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name SÁMUEL.
SAMSON     English, French, Jewish, Dutch
Derived from the given name SAMSON.
SAMUEL     English, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELS     English
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELSON     English
Means "son of SAMUEL".
SÁNCHEZ     Spanish
Means "son of SANCHO".
SANCHEZ     Spanish
Americanized form of SÁNCHEZ.
SANDER     German
Derived from the given name ALEXANDER.
SANDERS     English
Patronymic of the given name Sander, a medieval form of ALEXANDER.
SANDERSON     English
Means "son of ALEXANDER".
SANDFORD     English
Indicated a person from Sandford, England, which means simply "sand ford".
SÁNDOR     Hungarian
Derived from the given name SÁNDOR.
SANDOVAL     Spanish
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin meaning "new forest".
SANDS     English
From the English word, meaning the person lived near or on a beach.
SANFORD     English
Variant of SANDFORD.
SANGSTER     English, Scottish
Occupational surname meaning "song-maker or singer" from Old English.
SANNA (1)     Italian
Means "one with a big protruding tooth".
SANNA (2)     Dutch
Means "son of SUSANNA".
SANNA (3)     Greek
Means "hay seller" from Greek sano meaning "hay".
SAN NICOLAS     Spanish
Means "Saint NICHOLAS" in Spanish.
SANSONE     Italian
Derived from the given name SANSONE.
SANTANA     Spanish, Portuguese
From any of the numerous places named Santa ANA.
SANTIAGO     Spanish, Portuguese
From various Spanish and Portuguese places called SANTIAGO.
SANTILLIAN     Spanish
Meaning unknown, presumably a derivative of santos "saint".
SANTINI     Italian
Diminutive form of SANTO.
SANTO     Italian
Italian form of SANTOS.
SANTORO     Italian
Means "all saint's day" in Italian, a nickname for one born on that day.
SANTOS     Portuguese, Spanish
Means "saint" in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus. This was a nickanme for a pious person.
SAPIENTI     Italian
Means "wise" in Latin or Italian, most likely given to someone who was wise or behaved wisely.
SAPPINGTON     English
From the city of Sapperton, England, from Old English sapere meaning "soap maker" and ton meaning "town, farm, settlement".
SAQQAF     Arabic
From Arabic سقف (saqaf) meaning "roof".
SARGENT     English, French
Variant of SERGEANT.
SARGSYAN     Armenian
Means "son of SARGIS" in Armenian.
SARKA (1)     Czech
Means "dweller by a bend in a river" from the Old Czech šárový meaning "curved".
SARKA (2)     Czech
Means "grey" from the Old Czech šarý.
SARKA (3)     Hungarian
Americanized form of SZARKA.
SARKISIAN     Armenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SARKISSIAN     Armenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SARKISYAN     Armenian
Variant transcription of SARGSYAN.
SÁRKÖZI     Hungarian
Originally indicated someone from Sárköz, Sárköz being a region of Hungary.
SARKOZI     French
French form of SÁRKÖZI.
SÁRKÖZY     Hungarian
Variant of SÁRKÖZI.
SARKOZY     French
French form of SÁRKÖZY.
SARNO     Italian
Originally denoted a person from Sarno, Italy.
SARTI     Italian
Variant of SARTO.
SARTINI     Italian
Diminutive form of SARTO.
SARTO     Italian
Occupational name meaning "tailor" in Italian, from Latin sartus "to mend".
SARTRE     French
French form of SARTO.
SAS     Hungarian
Means "eagle" in Hungarian.
SASAKI     Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark ) and (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
SASHA     Czech
Derived from the given name SASHA.
SASS     Hungarian
Variant of SAS.
SASTRE     Spanish
Spanish form of SARTO.
SATO     Japanese
Variant transcription of SATOU.
SATOU     Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
SAUBER     German
Means "clean" in German. Saüßer is the German spelling, Anglicized to Sauber.
SAULT     French
French cognate of SOTO.
SAUNDERS     English, Scottish
Variant of SANDERS.
SAUVAGE     English, French
Variant of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEAU     French
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEON     French
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEOT     French
French form of SAVAGE.
From the name of various towns in France, derived from French sauve "safe" and terre "land".
SAVAGE     English
English nickname meaning "wild, uncouth", derived from a Middle English form of Old French salvage or sauvage meaning "untamed".
SAVATIER     French
From Old French savatier "shoemaker", derived from savate "shoe", of uncertain ultimate origin.
SAVEGE     English
Variant of SAVAGE.
SAVIDGE     English
Variant of SAVAGE.
SAVONA     Italian
From the name of the city of Savona, near Genoa.
SAWYER     English
Occupational name meaning "sawer of wood" in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the main character in his novel 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' (1876).
SAYER     Welsh
Means "carpenter" from the Welsh saer.
SAYLOR     English
Occupational name for a leaper, acrobat, or dancer, from Old French sailleor.
SCARLETT     English
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, ultimately derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrilat).
SCARPA     Italian
Means "shoemaker" from Italian scarpa meaning "shoe".
SCARSI     Italian
Nickname for a poor or miserly person from Italian scarso "scarse, scant".
SCAVO     Italian
Means "serf, slave" from Old Sicilian scavu.
SCHÄFER     German
From Middle High German schæfære meaning "shepherd".
SCHEER     German
From a word meaning "shearer" or "cutter". The word was used both for barbers, who cut hair, and tailors, who cut cloth to make garments.
SCHEINBERG     German, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful mountain" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and berg meaning "mountain".
SCHENCK     German, Dutch, Jewish
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out"). As a German name it also denoted a tavernkeeper.
SCHERMER     Dutch, Low German
Occupational name for a fencer or swordsman, akin to Old High German skirmen "to defend".
SCHINDLER     German, Jewish
Means "shingler, roof tiler". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
SCHIRMER     German
Means "fencer, fencing master" from Old High German skirmen meaning "to defend".
SCHLENDER     German
From Middle High German slinderen "to dawdle" or Middle Low German slinden "to swallow, eat".
SCHLIMME     German
Means "bad" from German schlimme.
SCHLUSSER     German
Means "keeper of the keys" or "jailer" in German.
SCHMELING     German
Means "small, slender" in German.
SCHMID     German
Variant of SCHMIDT.
SCHMIDT     German
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit "smith, metalworker", a cognate of SMITH.
SCHMITT     German
Variant of SCHMIDT.
SCHMITZ     German
Variant of SCHMIDT, originating in the Rhine area in western Germany.
SCHNEIDER     German, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
Variant of SNYDER.
Variant of SNYDER.
SCHNOOR     German
Variant of SCHNUR.
SCHNUR     German, Jewish
Means "rope maker" from German schnur or Yiddish shnur.
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany.
SCHOLZ     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHOOL     Scottish, English
Derived from either the Old Norse given name Skúli, the Old Danish Skuli or the Old Swedish Skule which probably all mean "to protect".
Perhaps German in origin, meaning "beautiful mountain".
Means "refined counsel" from Low German schoon "refined, beautiful" and raad "counsel, advice".
SCHOOREL     Dutch
Variant of SCHOORL.
SCHOORL     Dutch
Originally indicated a person from the town of Schoorl in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands. It means "forest by the shore" in Dutch.
SCHOREL     Dutch
Variant of SCHOORL.
Means "hide yourself", of Moravian origin.
SCHRÄDER     Low German
Variant of SCHRADER.
SCHRADER     Low German
From Middle Low German schrader or schroder meaning "tailor".
SCHRECK     German
Means "to frighten, jump" from Middle High German schrecken.
SCHREIBER     German
German cognate of SCRIVEN.
SCHREIER     German, Jewish
German and Yiddish word meaning "screamer, shrieker, crier", perhaps an occupational name for a town crier. There are two main branches of people with the name: Lutherans from Bavaria, and Ashkenazi Jews from the area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire formerly known as Galicia, which is today in southwestern Ukraine.
From the Dutch occupation of schrijnwerker, which means "cabinet maker".
SCHRÖDER (1)     Low German
Northern German variant of SCHRADER.
SCHRÖDER (2)     German
Southern German variant of SCHRÖTER.
SCHROETER     German
Variant of SCHRÖTER.
SCHRÖTER     German
From Middle High German schrotaere meaning "a carrier of wine or beer barrels".
SCHUBERT     German
Variant of SCHUCHARD.
SCHUCHARD     German
From Middle High German schuochwürhte, schuochworhte, or schuchwarte meaning "shoemaker".
Variant of SCHUCHARD.
SCHUCHERT     German
Variant of SCHUCHARD.
SCHUHART     German
From the old German words schouch "shoe" and wurhte "maker". This was a name given to cobblers.
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher meaning "shoemaker".
SCHULER     German
Means "scholar, student priest" from German Schule meaning "school".
SCHULT     Low German
Low German variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTE     Low German
Low German variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTES     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTHEIß     German
Occupational name derived from Middle High German schultheiße meaning "mayor, judge".
SCHULTZ     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULTZE     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULZ     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHULZE     German
Variant of SCHULTHEIß.
SCHUSTER     German
From the Middle High German occupational name schuoster meaning "shoemaker".
Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen.
SCHUYLER     Dutch
Dutch form of SCHULER.
SCHWANGAU     German
From a town in Germany that means "swan land".
SCHWARTZ     German
Variant of SCHWARZ.
SCHWARZ     German, Jewish
From Middle High German swarz meaning "black". It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
Means "black mountain" in Dutch.
Means "harrower of the dark fields" or "dark harrower of the fields" from German schwarz meaning "dark, black" and egge meaning "harrow". A well-known bearer of this name is actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger.
SCHWENKE     German
Derived from the Middle High German word swenke which means "to swing". This was probably a hint at the gait of the person. Alternatively, it can be derived from the given name Sweneke, a Low German form of the name SWANHILD. One last theory states that it is derived from the town of Schwenke (situated in Nordrhein-Westfalen).
From the German words for "swing" and "hammer". This was originally a nickname for a blacksmith.
SCIACCA     Italian
Originally denoted someone from Sciacca, Italy.
Variant of SCIACCA.
SCIARRA     Italian
From Sicilian sciarra meaning "quarrel, dispute", originally a nickname for a quarrelsome person.
SCOLA     Italian
From Italian scuola meaning "school".
SCORDATO     Italian
Means "forgotten, left behind".
SCOTT     English, Scottish
Originally given to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic.
SCOTTI     Italian
From the given name Francescotto, a diminutive of FRANCESCO.
SCRIVEN     English
Means "writer, clerk, scribe" in Old French, derived from Latin scriba.
SCRIVENER     English
Variant of SCRIVEN.
SCRIVENOR     English
Variant of SCRIVEN.
SCRIVENS     English
Variant of SCRIVEN.
SCULLY     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SCOLAIDHE.
SCUTESE     Italian
Possibly means "Scottish" from Italian scozzeze.
SEABROOKE     English
Denoted a person from Seabrook (Bucks), England.
SEAVER     English
From the given name SEVERUS.
SEBASTIANI     Italian
Derived from the given name SEBASTIANO.
SEBASTINO     Italian
Diminutive form of SEBASTIAN.
SEDLÁČEK     Czech
Diminutive form of SEDLAK.
SEDLAK     Czech
Means farmer in Czech (from the Slavic root sed, set meaning "to sit, stay"). A sedlak had more land than a Zahradník or a Chalupník, but less land than a Dvořák.
SEEGER     German
From the given name SIEGER.
SEEGERS     Dutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEELEN     Dutch
Variant of CEELEN.
SEELENFREUND     German, Jewish
From German seele meaning "soul" and freund meaning "friend".
SEGAL (1)     Jewish
Acronym of the Hebrew phrase SeGan Levia meaning "second rank Levite".
SEGAL (2)     French
Means "grower, seller of rye" from Old French segal.
SEGERS     Dutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEGHERS     Dutch
Means "son of SIEGER".
SEGRETI     Italian
Means "confidant" from the Old Italian segreto.
SEIDEL     German, Jewish
From the German word seidel meaning "beer mug".
SELBY     English
From the name of a village which meant "willow farm" in Old English.
SELMONE     Italian
Originally indicated a person from Selmone (Sulmona), Italy.
SELVAGGIO     Italian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SEMPERS     English
From the name of the city of Saint PIERRE in France.
SENFT (1)     German
Means "mustard seller" from German Senf(t).
SENFT (2)     German
Nickname for a helpful, kind person from Middle High German senfte meaning "soft, accommodating".
SENIOR     English
Originally a name for the elder of two brothers.
SEPPÄ     Finnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
SEPPÄNEN     Finnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
SEPÚLVEDA     Spanish
Derived from the name of the Sepulveda valley in the mountains of Segovia, and was originally used to denote people from that region. It is possibly derived from Spanish sepultar "to bury".
SERAFIM     Portuguese
Derived from the Latin given name Seraphinus which was derived from the Hebrew serafim which was the name of a class of angels in the Bible whose name originally was derived from saraf meaning "to burn".
SERAFIN     Polish, Italian
Variant of SERAFIM.
SERAFINI     Italian
Variant of SERAFIM.
ȘERBAN     Romanian
Means "a Serb" in Romanian.
SERES     Hungarian
Dialectical variant of SÖRÖS.
SERGEANT     English, French
Occupational name derived from Middle English sergent "servant".
SERPICO     Italian
Means "serpent, reptile" from Italian serpe.
SESSA     Italian
Means "from Sessa, Italy".
SESSIONS     English
Anglicized form of Soissons (a city outside of Paris).
SEVČIK     Czech
Occupational name for one who made or sold shoes: a shoemaker.
Derived from the given name Severinus (see SEVERINO).
SÉVERIN     French
Derived from the given name SÉVERIN.
SEVERINS     Dutch
Variant of SEVERIJNS.
SEVRIENS     Dutch
Variant of SEVERIJNS.
SEWARD (1)     English
Derived from the given name SIGEWEARD.
SEWARD (2)     English
Means "swineherd" from Old English su "pig" and hierde "herdsman".
SEWARD (3)     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SUAIRD.
SEWICK     Ukrainian
Means "grey" in Ukrainian.
SEXTON     English
Occupational name for a sexton (Middle English sexteyn), a person who is a caretaker for a church or graveyard.
SEYMOUR (1)     English
From Saint Maur, a French place name, which commemorates Saint MAURUS.
SEYMOUR (2)     English
From an English place name, derived from Old English "sea" and mere "lake".
SGRO     Italian
Means "curly-haired" from Greek sgouros.
SHAFIR     Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "sapphire" from Yiddish shafir.
SHAIN     Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "beautiful, handsome" from German schön.
Means "shake shaft" from Old English shake "shake" and sceaft "shaft".
SHANNON     Irish
From Irish Ó Seanáin which means "descendant of SEANÁN".
SHAPIRO     Jewish
From Hebrew shapir which means "pretty, lovely".
SHARMA     Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Nepali
Means "joy, shelter, comfort" in Sanskrit.
SHARMAN     English
Variant of SHERMAN (1).
SHARP     English
Nickname for a keen person, from Old English scearp "sharp".
SHARROW     English
Originally a name for someone from Sharrow, England.
SHAW     English
Originally given to a person who lived near a sceaga, Old English meaning "thicket".
SHEA     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SÉAGHDHA.
SHEACH     Scottish, Irish
Variant of SHEEHY.
SHEEDY     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SÍODA.
SHEEHY     Irish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic given name SÍTHEACH.
SHEENAN     Irish
Variant of SHANNON.
SHEHU     Albanian
From the Arabic title شيخ (shaykh) meaning "sheik".
SHEINFELD     German, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful field" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field".
SHELBY     English
Variant of SELBY.
SHELTON     English
From the name of various English towns, meaning "shelf wood".
SHEPARD     English
Occupational name meaning "shepherd, sheep herder".
SHEPHERD     English
Variant of SHEPARD.
SHEPPARD     English
Variant of SHEPARD.
SHERAZI     Urdu
Urdu form of SHIRAZI.
SHERBURNE     English
Denoted a person hailing from any of the various places called Sherborne or Sherburn in England.
SHERIDAN     Irish
From the Irish name Ó Sirideáin meaning "descendant of Sirideán". The given name Sirideán means "searcher".
SHERMAN (1)     English
Literally "shear man", referring to someone who used shears in his line of work, such as a sheep-shearer.
SHERMAN (2)     Jewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from sher "scissors".
SHIMIZU     Japanese
From Japanese (shi) meaning "clear, pure, clean" and (mizu) meaning "water".
SHINE (1)     English
Means "beautiful, attractive" from Old English sciene.
SHINE (2)     Irish
Anglicized form of Ó SEIGHIN.
SHIRAZI     Persian
Originally denoted someone who came from the city of Shiraz, located in southern Iran. The city's name is possibly of Elamite origin.
SHORT     English
From a nickname for a short person, from Middle English schort.
SHRIVER     German
Occupational name referring to an official or public writer, from German schreiben "to write".
SHWETZ     Ukrainian
Means "shoemaker" in Ukrainian.
SIDDALL     English
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English sid "wide" and halh "nook, recess".
SIDNEY     English
Originally derived from various place names in England meaning "wide island", from Old English sid "wide" and eg "island". Another theory holds that it comes from the name of a town in Normandy called "Saint DENIS", though evidence for this is lacking.
SIEGEL (1)     German
Means "maker of seals or signet rings".
SIEGEL (2)     German
Derived from diminutive forms of Germanic names beginning with the element sigi meaning "victory".
SIEGEL (3)     Jewish
Variant of SEGAL (1).
SIEGER     German
From the given name SIEGER.
SIEKERT     German
Derived from the given name SIEGBERT.
SIEMON     German
Variant of SIMON.
SIENA     Italian
Indicated a person from Siena in Italy.
Patronymic from the given name Sienko, a diminutive of the archaic name Siemion, a form of SIMON (1). This was the surname of the Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916).
SIERRA     Spanish
Means "dweller on a hill range, ridge" from the Old Occitan serre.
SIERZANT     Polish
Means "sergeant" in Polish.
SIGURDSSON     Icelandic
Means "son of SIGURÐUR".
SIGURÐSSON     Icelandic
Means "son of SIGURÐUR".
SILJE     Norwegian
Derived from the given name SILJE.
SILVA     Portuguese, Spanish
From Spanish or Portuguese silva "forest".
SILVEIRA     Portuguese
Means "forests" in Old Portuguese.
SILVERSTEIN     German, Jewish
Means "silver stone" from German Silber and Stein. It was adopted when Jews in Europe were compelled to take surnames in the early part of the 19th century.
SILVESTRI     Italian
Derived from the given name SILVESTER.
ŠIMEK     Czech
Derived from the name Šimek, a diminutive of ŠIMON.
SIMEN     German
Variant of SIMON.
SIMEONOV     Bulgarian
Means "son of SIMEON".
SIMMON     German
Variant of SIMON.
SIMMONS     English
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SIMMS     English
Derived from the medieval given name Sim, a short form of SIMON (1).
SIMÕES     Portuguese
Means "son of SIMON (1)" in Portuguese.
SIMON     Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Jewish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SIMONEIT     German
From the given name SIMON (1).
ŠIMONIS     Lithuanian
Means "son of SIMONAS".
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