Derived from the Italian given name Pace
which meant "peace".
Originally denoted one who came from the city of Padua (Padova) in Italy.
From the old nickname pagano
meaning "pagan" (earlier sense "rustic").
PAGE English, French
Occupational name meaning "servant, page". It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδιον (paidion)
meaning "little boy".
Means "tall, thin, pole-like" from Old French piel
, although it may also have denoted a person who lived by a pole, or who worked with poles.
Means "boyar", the Finnish form of the Russian noble title боярин (boyarin)
. The name has come from Finland's east where Russian influences are quite strong.
Means "pilgrim", ultimately from Latin palma
"palm tree", since pilgrims to the Holy Land often brought back palm fronds as proof of their journey.
Locative surname from southern Italy. It is from the town of Palmi in the Calabria region.
From an old medieval regional nickname palumbo
meaning "pigeon". It is typical of southern Italy.
PAN (2) Chinese
From Chinese 潘 (pān)
meaning "water in which rice has been rinsed", and also referring to a river that flows into the Han River.
PAPP (2) German
Means "glutton" from Late Latin pappare
meaning "to eat".
PAQUET (1) French
Means "gatherer or seller of firewood" from Old French pacquet
PARISH (1) English
Originally denoted a person who came from the French city of Paris, which got its name from the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii.
PARK (2) English
From Middle English parc
, this was a name for someone who worked in or lived in a park.
Means "keeper of the park" in Middle English. It is an occupational name for a man who was the gamekeeper at the medieval park.
From the city of Parma, well known in Italy for its artistic beauties.
From a family word that indicated a "godfather". In Sicily o parrino
could be also a "parish priest".
PASTERNAK Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
From the occupation pastore
meaning "shepherd" in Italian.
Derived from the vocabulary word patak
, which means "creek, brook" in Hungarian. It was given to people who lived near creeks.
PATERNOSTER English, French, German, Italian
Occupational name for a maker of rosaries, also called paternosters. They are derived from the Latin phrase pater noster
"our Father", the opening words of the Lord's Prayer.
From the name of the city of Pavia, near Milano in Lombardy, Italy.
Spanish surname coming from the Italian city of Pavia south of Milano. Known especially for its old University.
PAVLOV Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of PAVEL
". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Means "peacock" from Italian pavone
. It was originally a nickname for a proud or haughty person.
PAYNE Irish, Scottish, English
Means "villager, rustic" and later "heathen" from Middle English Payn
, Old French Paien
which was often given to children whose baptism had been postponed or adults whose religious zeal was lacking.
From the Middle English words pecok
which mean "peacock". It was originally a nickname for a proud or haughty person.
Means "dweller by the pointed hill" from Old English peac
. It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
PECK (2) English
Occupational name for a maker of pecks (vessels used as peck measures) from Middle English pekke
From Dutch and means "pear tree", referring to someone who kept a pear orchard.
From a place name composed of elements meaning "hill", "barley" and "town".
Means "dweller by a large jutting rock" from Spanish peña
PENDER (1) English
From Middle English pind
"to pen up". This was an occupational name for someone who penned animals.
Means "penny (the coin)" from Old English pening, penig
PENZIG German, Yiddish
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk
is derived from Polish pień
meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
PEREIRA Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician pereira
meaning "pear tree", ultimately from Latin pirum
PERRY (1) English
Derived from Middle English perrie
, Old English pyrige
meaning "pear tree". A famous bearer was Matthew Perry (1794-1858), the American naval officer who opened Japan to the West.
From the name of the city of Perugia, near Rome, the regional capital of Umbria.
From the name of the city of Pesaro, in the Marche region.
Means "fisherman" or "fish-like" from Italian pesce
Derived from Pest
, one of the towns that were joined to make Budapest. Originally it indicated someone from Pest.
PETIT Catalan, English, French
Means "small, little" derived from Old French petit
. It was perhaps used for a short, small person or to denote the younger of two individuals.
From a nickname meaning "priest, cleric" in German.
Derived from the term pfenni(n)c
meaning "penny". It was used in reference to feudal tax obligations.
PHILIPS English, Dutch
Means "son of PHILIP
". Famous bearers of this surname are Frederick Philips and his son Gerard, the Dutch founders of the company Philips.
Means "Friday" in Polish, ultimately derived from the Slavic word pjaty
Means "plaza" in Italian, indicating that the residence of the original bearer was near the town square.
Means "magpie" from Spanish picazo
. This probably denoted someone who was talkative or prone to stealing, although it may have described someone's unusual colouring. Painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a famous bearer of this name.
Nickname for a person who is short, from Italian piccino
From the name of a town in Yorkshire, derived from Old English Piceringas
, the name of a tribe.
Locative surname derived from the name of the town Pierno in southern Italy near Potenza.
Habitational name derived from any of the many places named Pinho, itself derived from pinho
meaning "pine" or "pine wood".
Name for a person who lived near a pine tree, from Latin pinus
Habitational name for a person from a town named Jankowo
, places derived from the given name PIOTR
Originally given to a person who played on a pipe (a flute).
Locative origin, derived from the name of a place Piraino, on Sicily.
From the name of the inhabitants of Pisa, one of the most important cities of Tuscany.
Originally a local nickname of somebody who "steals grapes" from vineyards. In Genoa pittà
means "to pick" and uga
is "grapes" (uva
in Italian). It is typical of the Genoa region.
Means "dweller by the pit, hollow" from Old English pytt
. It could also indicate a person from Pitt (Hants) or Pett (East Sussex) in England.
Derived from a diminutive of French plamont
"a flat-topped mountain". The name probably referred to someone who lived close to a flat-topped mountain.
PLANK German, English
Means "plank" from Latin plancus
. This could have referred to a person who lived by a plank bridge over a stream, someone who was as thin as a board, or a carpenter.
Means "dweller by the swampy meadow" from Old French plasquet
Habitational name from Platt or Platt Bridge in Lancashire, named in Middle English with Old French plat
"flat, thin", in the dialect sense "plank bridge".
Nickname for a bald person, from plešec
Nickname for a bald person, from pleša
"bald patch" or plešec
Originally a name for someone who lived by a field where cattle fodder was grown or else grew cattle fodder, from pletsch
Probably derived from old French palorde
, a type of a shellfish.
Means "dweller on a hill(ock)" from Italian poggio
Means "dweller on a hill(ock)" from Italian poggio
From the Jèrriais surname Poingdestre
, possibly meaning "spur steed".
Means "pear tree" in French. The name was originally a nickname for someone who lived close to a pear tree.
Derived from a diminutive of the given name PAOLO
. This surname is typical of northern and central Italy.
Derived from Czech polo
"one half" and lan
, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name denoted someone who owned half a lan
From Old English pol
meaning "pool". It referred to a person who lived by a small body of water.
From a nickname which originally designated a person who played the part of the pope in a play or pageant. Otherwise the name could be used as a nickname for a man with a solemn, austere, or pious appearance.
Means "of the priest", from Romanian popă
"priest", from Slavic pop
Occupational surname meaning "doorkeeper", ultimately from Old French porte
"door", from Latin porta
Derived from German pfoertner
, which means "gatekeeper".
Designated a person who lived near a harbour, from Italian porto
, Latin portus
Means "a person in a hurry", from the Czech pospíšit
"to be in a hurry".
From the name of the city of Potenza, the main town of the Basilicata region in Southern Italy.
Occupational name for a potter, one who makes earthen vessels.
Derived from Old French poule
"chicken". The name was most likely used to denote a person who raised or sold poultry.
Occupational name for a person who kept animals, from Old English pund
POWER (2) English
Means "poor" from the Middle English and Old French word povre, poure
. Could be used as a nickname for a miser as well.
Locative surname meaning "a well" from Latin puteus
as a regional word also means a pond or stagnant water.
Means "cunning, trick" from Old English prætt
. This was a nickname for a trickster.
Originally derived from a place name meaning "priest town" in Old English.
PRETORIUS Southern African, Afrikaans
From Latin praetor
meaning "leader". This name was adopted in the 17th century by Wesselius Praetorius as a Latin translation of his previous surname Schulte
. It is now common in South Africa.
From a nickname meaning "dark", referring to a person with dark hair or skin.
Means "son of the prince", the term prince would have denoted someone who acted in a regal manner. It could also refer to the Jewish ornamental name PRINZ
PRINZ German, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental surname by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
From the Italian word profeta
meaning "prophet". It probably came from a nickname indicating a person who wanted to predict the future. It is typical of southern Italy.
From the given name Prosdocimo
, a medieval given name from the old Greek Prosdokimos
From a nickname meaning "showy, pompous", derived from an old southern German word meaning "toad".
From the name of the region in southern France, Provence
(in Italian it is spelled Provenza
Belonged to one who was a prior (a religious official), or one who worked fro a prior.
From an adjectival derivative of Puglia, also known as Apulia, a region of southeast Italy containing the boot heel and some of the coastline of the Adriatic Sea. It is a regional name for someone from that region.
Derived from the medieval status name purkrabí
Means "swineherd" or perhaps just "piglet" from Old French pourcel
Occupational name meaning "gunsmith", from the word puska
meaning "gun" in Hungarian.
meaning "steppe, prairie" in Hungarian. The name was given to someone living on a prairie.
Means "from Putnam (Herts, Surrey), England". The place name means "Putta's homestead".