in Spanish, used as a nickname for a person with a large amount of hair.
From places named from Late Latin capralis
meaning "place of goats"
, derived from Latin capra
From various place names derived from Late Latin capraria
meaning "place of goats"
, from Latin capra
From the name of a city near Naples, originally Caiatia
in Latin, a derivative of the given name CAIUS
Occupational name from Sicilian càjitu
meaning "official, leader"
, ultimately from Arabic قاضي (qadi)
From the name of the town of Caivano near Naples, derived from Latin Calvianum
, derived from the Roman cognomen CALVUS
Originally given to a person who came from the region of Calabria in southern Italy.
From various English place names derived from Old English ceald
"cold" and well
"spring, stream, well".
Means "crooked nose"
from Gaelic cam
"crooked" and sròn
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
, ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
From a Gaelic nickname cam béul
meaning "wry or crooked mouth"
. The surname was later represented in Latin documents as de bello campo
meaning "of the fair field".
From the ecclesiastical usage of canon
, referring to a church official or servant who worked in a clergy house.
Originally a name for someone from Cantrell in Devon, from an unknown first element and Old English hyll
From Cantù, an Italian town located in Lombardy, itself of uncertain origin.
CAPELLO (1) Italian
From Late Latin cappa
meaning "cloak, cape, hood"
. This was a name for one who made or wore cloaks.
CAPELLO (2) Italian
Nickname for a thin person, from Italian capello
meaning "a hair"
, ultimately derived from Latin capillus
Occupational name meaning "captain"
in Italian, ultimately from Latin caput
From a nickname for a person with dark features, from Italian carbone
From the name of a town in Catalonia, of uncertain meaning.
Originally denoted someone from San Pietro di Caridà, a town in Calabria. The town's name may be derived from Greek χαρις (charis)
meaning "grace, kindness".
From the name of a city in northern England. The city was originally called by the Romans Luguvalium
meaning "stronghold of LUGUS
". Later the Brythonic element ker
"fort" was appended to the name of the city.
CARMAN (1) English
Occupational name for a carter, from Middle English carre
"cart" (of Latin origin) and man
CARMAN (2) English
From an Old Norse byname derived from karlmann
meaning "male, man"
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cearmada
meaning "descendant of Cearmaid"
, a Gaelic given name.
From an Italian nickname meaning "carnival"
, perhaps given to a festive person.
From the occupation, derived from Middle English carpentier
(ultimately from Latin carpentarius
meaning "carriage maker").
From the name of a city in Tuscany famous for its marble quarries. It is probably derived from Late Latin quadreria
From the given name CEARBHALL
. A famous bearer was Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), whose real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, the author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the town of Courson in Normandy.
Occupational name for a person who operated a cart to transport goods, from Norman French caretier
. A famous bearer is the former American president Jimmy Carter (1924-).
Means "close-cropped hair"
in Italian, also having the secondary sense "boy, young man".
Occupational surname for a carver, from Middle English kerve
From the Spanish word casal
, ultimately from Late Late casalis
and Latin casa
From the English place name Cawston
, derived from the Old Norse given name KÁLFR
combined with Old English tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
Indicated a person from any of the various towns named Cassano in Italy.
From Irish Ó Caiside
meaning "descendant of Caiside"
is a given name meaning "curly haired".
Originally indicated a person from Castile, a region (and medieval kingdom) in Spain. The name of the region is derived from Late Latin castellum
From Middle English castel
, from Late Latin castellum
, originally indicating a person who lived near a castle.
Originally indicated a person who came from Catalonia, a region of eastern Spain.
From a place name meaning "cold field"
, from Old English ceald
"cold" and feld
Occupational name for one who made leggings, derived from Old French chausse "leggings"
Indicated a person who lived near a causeway, from Old French caucie
in Italian, an occupational name for a horseman.
. The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
From the Welsh given name Seisyll
, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius
, a derivative of SEXTUS
Possibly from Old Spanish servanto
. A famous bearer was the Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616).
From the name of English towns meaning "settlement belonging to CHAD
" in Old English.
Derived from Czech chalupa
. The name referred to a peasant farmer who owned a very small piece of land.
Occupational name for one who looked after the inner rooms of a mansion, from Norman French chambrelain
From Old French chambre
meaning "chamber, room"
, an occupational name for a person who worked in the inner rooms of a mansion.
Occupational name for an administrator, a chancellor, from Norman French chancelier
Occupational name meaning "candle seller"
or "candle maker"
in Middle English, ultimately derived from Old French.
Occupational name derived from Old English ceapmann
meaning "merchant, trader"
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape
meaning "cloak, hood"
. The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon "charcoal"
, a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
Means "leather worker"
in Persian, from چرم (charm)
meaning "leather" combined with چی (chi)
, denoting an occupation.
in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
Occupational name for a hunter, from Middle English chase "hunt"
From Old French castan "chestnut tree"
), a name for someone who lived near a particular chestnut tree, or possibly a nickname for someone with chestnut-coloured hair.
CHAVES Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name FLAVIUS
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of CHAVES
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient"
and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
Originally indicated a person from the county of Cheshire in England. Cheshire is named for its city CHESTER
From the name of a city in England, derived from Latin castrum
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, itself from cheval
meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
, indicating a person who cultivated goats.
in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
Derived from Czech chmel "hops"
, referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
From the English word, derived from Old English cirice
, ultimately from Greek κυριακον (kyriakon)
meaning "(house) of the lord". It probably referred to a person who lived close to a church.
From Cingoli, a town in the Marche region of Italy. It is derived from Latin cingo
From the given name Cino
, a short form of names ending in cino
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
, from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Means simply "clay"
, originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
From the name of various places meaning "clay settlement" in Old English.
Derived from the given name CLEMENT
. This was the surname of the author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), also known as Mark Twain.
Derived from various place names that meant "ford by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from various place names meaning "settlement by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from the place name Glympton
meaning "settlement on the River Glyme" in Old English. This surname is borne by former American president Bill Clinton (1946-).
From Middle English clos
, a topographic name for someone who lived near a courtyard or farmyard.
Derived from French clou
, referring to someone who made or sold nails.
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump"
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock"
. The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
COCKBURN Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone who came from Cockburn, a place in Berwickshire. The place name is derived from Old English cocc
"rooster" and burna
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh
meaning "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH"
. A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
From Italian cuoio
, ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
From Romanian cojoc
meaning "sheepskin coat"
. This was an occupational name for a maker of these coats.
From a place name, itself derived from Old French chalenge
meaning "disputed" and Middle English wode
COLLINS (1) Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COILEÁIN
. A famous bearer was Michael Collins, an Irish nationalist leader who was assassinated in 1922.
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a house where doves were held.
Either from Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
From a place name meaning "narrow corner"
or "narrow wood" in Gaelic.
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
Possibly from the name of the River Culm in Devon, England. This name is seen in the Domesday book as Culmstoke or Colmstoke.
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
From Middle English connere
, an occupational name for an inspector of weights and measures.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conghalaigh
, which means "descendant of Conghalach"
is a nickname meaning "valiant".
From Old French conestable
, ultimately from Latin comes stabuli
meaning "officer of the stable".
From the Italian noble title conte
, derived from Latin comes
. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
From the name of a town in Burgos, Spain, derived from Late Latin contraria
meaning "area opposite".
Derived from Old English coc
, ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
From Old English cumb
, the name of several places in England.
From Irish Ó Cuana
meaning "descendant of Cuana"
probably means "handsome, elegant". The Cooney sept originated in County Tyrone.
From Irish Ó Corcráin
meaning "descendant of Corcrán"
, a given name derived from the Gaelic word corcair
Derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri
, of unknown meaning.
Derived from the names of places in northern Italy, especially Lombardy, from a word that means "crag, cliff"
in the Lombard dialect.
Derived from Old French cornet
, referring to one who worked as a horn blower.
Nickname derived from Italian corvo
Derived from Old French cordoan "leather"
, ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from Middle English cotter
, referring to a small tenant farmer.
From Cornish cough "red"
, indicating the original bearer had red hair.
From Middle English coupe
, a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
COURTENAY (1) English
From the name of towns in France that were originally derivatives of the Gallo-Roman personal name Curtenus
, itself derived from Latin curtus
From the name of the town of Cults in Aberdeenshire, derived from a Gaelic word meaning "woods".
From various English place names, which meaning either "coal valley", "coal hill" or "cow pasture" in Old English.
Means "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
Derived from Gaelic creag
meaning "crag, rocks"
, originally belonging to a person who lived near a crag.
From a place name derived from Old English crawa
"crow" and ford
From the name of the city of Crema in Lombardy, northern Italy.
From the Italian city of Cremona, south of Milan, in Lombardy.
Originally denoted someone from Crewe in Cheshire, which is from Welsh criu
"weir, dam, fish trap".
From Old English croft
meaning "enclosed field"
Occupational name derived from Middle English croppe "crop"
, referring to a fruit picker or a crop reaper.
Locative name meaning "cross"
, ultimately from Latin crux
. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.