Originally indicated a person from Daal or Dalen, which is a small town in the province of Drente in the Netherlands.
DAHL Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Middle Low German dal
or Old Norse dalr
both meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as 'Matilda' and 'Henry Sugar'.
From the Old Norse words dal
meaning "valley" and gaard
meaning "yard or farmstead".
Derived from the word daliás
meaning "imposing, virile" in Hungarian.
Derived from a place name which meant "valley town" in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was the English chemist and physicist John Dalton (1766-1844).
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh
meaning "descendant of DÁLACH
". The name has roots in County Cork.
Means "of love", perhaps a nickname for an illegitimate child.
Originally denoted one who came from Aramits, a town in the French Pyrenees Mountains named for the abbey it grew around.
From the name of the town Derby
meaning "deer farm" in Old Norse.
Derived from Norman French d'Airelle
, originally denoting one who came from Airelle in France.
Habitational name from Darroch near Falkirk, in Stirlingshire, said to be named from Gaelic darach
From a nickname meaning meaning "dove".
Of Norman origin meaning "from Hauterive", a place name derived from Old French haute rive
DAVIS English, Scottish
Means "son of DAVID
". This was the surname of the revolutionary jazz trumpet player Miles Davis (1926-1991).
DEAN (2) English
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen
(ultimately from Latin decanus
meaning "chief of ten").
From the Old English given name Deora
meaning "dear, beloved".
Americanized form of French de Garmeaux
, which may derive from a place called Garmeaux in Normandy.
DE HAVEN Dutch
From the Middle Dutch word haven
signifying a "harbour". The de
element is a Dutch definite article, so it may literally be translated "the harbour".
Means "of the cross" in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol, or near a crossroads.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Díomasaigh
meaning "descendant of Díomasach", a given name meaning "proud".
From the place name Denzell
, a manor in Cornwall, which is of unknown meaning.
DERRICK English, German
Derived from the given name Derrick
, which is a form of DEREK
. A famous bearer of this surname is the character of Stephan Derrick (played by Horst Tappert), the lead character in the German series 'Derrick'.
DE SANTIS Italian
From the old Latin given name Sanctus
(see the Italian given name SANTO
). Quite a few Italian names end in s
- it could be a trace of the Latin ablative case.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Deasmhumhain
meaning "South Munster", originally indicating a person who came from that region in Ireland.
Means "of the rose bushes", from French rosier
"rose bush". The name probably referred to a person who lived close to, or cared for a rose garden.
DEVIN (2) English
Nickname for a person who acted divinely, from Old French devin
"divine", ultimately from Latin.
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Doibhilin
meaning "descendant of Doibhilin", a given name which may be derived from the Gaelic term dobhail
DE VRIES Frisian
Means "the Frisian" or "the Fries", referring to a person from Friesland.
DE WITTE Dutch
Means "the white" in Dutch, a nickname for a person with white hair.
Occupational name meaning "dyer" in Old English (once referred only to female dyers).
From the Albanian name for the city of Debar in Macedonia, most likely given to someone who came from there.
From the medieval given name Dicun
, a medieval diminutive of DICK (1)
. A famous bearer of this surname is the English writer Charles Dickens (1812-1870).
Means "son of Dicun", Dicun
being a medieval diminutive of DICK (1)
. American poet Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) was a famous bearer.
From Old English diche
"ditch" combined with man
"man". It was originally a name for a ditch digger or someone who lived near a ditch.
Anglicized form of D'Isigny
meaning "one who is from the canton of Isigny" located in France.
Derived from a given name of the elements theud
meaning "people" or "race" and mari
Derived from dob
meaning "drum" in Hungarian. Originally the name was given to someone who played drums or made them.
Originally denoted someone who was a doctor, ultimately from Latin doctor
From the Irish Ó Dochartaigh
meaning "descendant of Dochartach". The byname Dochartach
DONNE Scottish, Irish
From Gaelic donn
meaning "brown", a nickname for a person with brown hair.
From Irish Ó Donnghaile
meaning "descendant of Donnghal". The given name Donnghal
means "brown valour", from donn
"brown" and gal
"valour". This surname is associated with the descendants of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
From Irish Ó Deoráin
meaning "descendant of Deoradhán", where Deoradhán
is a given name meaning "exile, wanderer".
Means "from Orsay" in Norman French. Orsay is a town near Paris, its name deriving from the Latin personal name Orcius
Anglicized form of Gaelic Dubhghlas
, which meant "dark river" from dubh
"dark" and glais
"water, river". This is the name of a river near Glasgow.
Name for someone who lived on or near a down, which is an old word for a hill.
From the Irish Ó Dubhghaill
, which means "descendant of DUBHGHALL
". A famous bearer was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), the author of the Sherlock Holmes mystery stories.
Derived from the Old Norse given name Draki
or the Old English given name Draca
both meaning "dragon".
Occupational name for a maker or seller of woolen cloth, from Anglo-Norman French draper
(Old French drapier
, an agent derivative of drap
Means "a turner" from Middle High German dræhen
"to turn". A turner was a person who worked on a lathe and created small objects from wood or bone used for decoration.
Derived from Middle High German dreschen
"to thresh, to separate the grains from a cereal plant".
Means "a turner" from Middle High German dreseler
. A turner was a person who worked on a lathe and created small objects from wood or bone used for decoration.
Means "turner" in Dutch, an occupational name for one who turned wood to create things like ornate chair legs.
From Irish Ó hEidirsceóil
meaning "descendant of the messenger".
Means "right, straight" in French, a nickname for an upright person.
Means "from the forest", from French bois
Means "from the fields, countryside", from French champs
From a place name meaning "DUDDA
's clearing" in Old English. The surname was borne by a British noble family.
DUFFY (1) Irish
Derived from Irish Ó Dubhthaigh
meaning "descendant of DUBHTHACH
". Their original homeland was Monaghan where the surname is still the most common; they are also from Donegal and Roscommon.
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux
"leader". It was an occupational surname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
Derived from Dunaj
, the Polish name for the river Danube.
Means "castle headland" and comes from the old barony of Dunbar, now in East Lothian in Scotland. The place name Dunbar itself comes from the Gaelic dun
meaning "fort" and barr
meaning "summit". The town of Dunbar, at the mouth of the Frith of Forth, Scotland, is so called from its situation on a rock which projects into the sea.
DUNN English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn
"dark" or Gaelic donn
"brown", referring to hair colour or complexion.
Derived from Middle High German dunst
From Irish Ó Doirnáin
meaning "descendant of Doirnín", a given name meaning "little fist".
Derived from Middle High German dürre
Derived from the name Dušek
, a diminutive of DUŠAN
, or other names beginning with duš
Means "from the valley" in French. The original name was spelled Du Val
Occupational name for a person who either owned a manor, or worked on one. It is derived from the Czech word dvur
Means "dweller at the dwarf-house" from Middle English dwerugh
or Old English dweorh
, "a dwarf", and Middle English hous
or Old English hus
Means "dyke" or "ditch". The name was given to a resident living near a dyke or embankment.