All Surnames

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CHESHIRE English
Originally indicated a person from the county of Cheshire in England. Cheshire is named for its city CHESTER.
CHESTER English
From the name of a city in England, derived from Latin castrum "camp, fortress".
CHEUNG Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of ZHANG.
CHEVALIER French
From a nickname derived from French chevalier meaning "knight", itself from cheval meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus.
CHEVROLET French
From a diminutive of chèvre meaning "goat", indicating a person who cultivated goats.
CHEY Khmer
Means "victory" in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya).
CHILIKOV Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from Bulgarian челик (chelik) "steel" (of Turkish origin).
CHLEBEK Polish
From Polish chleb "bread", used to denote a baker.
CHMELA Czech
Derived from Czech chmel "hops", referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
CHMIEL Polish
Polish cognate of CHMELA, from Polish chmiel.
CHO Korean
Korean form of ZHAO, from Sino-Korean (jo).
CHOE Korean
Variant romanization of CHOI.
CHOI Korean
From Sino-Korean (choe) meaning "high, lofty, towering".
CHONG Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of ZHANG.
CHOU Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see ZHOU).
CHOUDHARY Indian, Hindi, Marathi
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi चौधरी (see CHAUDHARY).
CHOUDHURY Bengali
Alternate transcription of Bengali চৌধুরী (see CHOWDHURY).
CHOW Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see ZHOU).
CHOWDHURY Bengali
Bengali form of CHAUDHARY.
CHRISTIAN French, German, English
Derived from the given name CHRISTIAN.
CHRISTIANS English
Derived from the given name CHRISTIAN.
CHRISTOPHER English
Derived from the given name CHRISTOPHER.
CHRISTOPHERS English
Derived from the given name CHRISTOPHER.
CHU Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see ZHU).
CHUNG Korean
Korean form of ZHENG, from Sino-Korean (jeong).
CHURCH English
From the English word, derived from Old English cirice, ultimately from Greek κυριακον (kyriakon) meaning "(house) of the lord". It probably referred to a person who lived close to a church.
CHVÁTAL Czech
Derived from chvátat meaning "to hurry".
ČIERNIK Slovak
Slovak cognate of ČERNÝ.
CINEGE Hungarian
Means "titmouse bird" in Hungarian.
CINGOLANI Italian
From Cingoli, a town in the Marche region of Italy. It is derived from Latin cingo "surround, ring".
CINO Italian
From the given name Cino, a short form of names ending in cino.
CIPRIANI Italian
From the given name CIPRIANO.
CISTERNINO Italian
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
ČÍŽEK Czech
Means "siskin" in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
ČÍŽIK Slovak
Slovak cognate of ČÍŽEK.
CLAASEN Dutch
Means "son of KLAAS".
CLACHER Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic clachair meaning "stonemason".
CLAES Flemish
From the given name KLAUS.
CLAESSON Swedish
Means "son of CLAES".
CLARK English
Means "cleric" or "scribe", from Old English clerec meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
CLARKE English
Variant of CLARK.
CLARKSON English
Patronymic form of CLARK.
CLAUSEN Danish
Means "son of CLAUS".
CLAY English
Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
CLAYTON English
From the name of various places meaning "clay settlement" in Old English.
CLEARY Irish
From Irish cléireach meaning "clerk" (see CLARK).
CLEMENS English
Derived from the given name CLEMENT. This was the surname of the author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), also known as Mark Twain.
CLEMENSEN Danish
Means "son of CLEMENS".
CLÉMENT French
Derived from the given name CLÉMENT.
CLEMENT English
Derived from the given name CLEMENT.
CLERY Irish
Variant of CLEARY.
CLIFFORD English
Derived from various place names that meant "ford by a cliff" in Old English.
CLIFTON English
Derived from various place names meaning "settlement by a cliff" in Old English.
CLINE German, Jewish
Anglicized spelling of KLEIN.
CLINTON English
Derived from the place name Glympton meaning "settlement on the River Glyme" in Old English.
CLOET Dutch
Variant of KLOET.
CLOSE English
From Middle English clos meaning "enclosure", a topographic name for someone who lived near a courtyard or farmyard.
CLOUTIER French
Derived from French clou meaning "nail", referring to someone who made or sold nails.
COBB English
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump".
COCK English
Derived from the medieval nickname cok meaning "rooster, cock". The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock or Alcock.
COCKBURN Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone who came from Cockburn, a place in Berwickshire. The place name is derived from Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream".
COCKS English
Patronymic form of COCK.
CODY Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh meaning "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH". A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
COELHO Portuguese
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit", either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
COELLO Galician
Galician cognate of COELHO.
COEMAN Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COEMANS Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COENEN Dutch
Derived from the given name COENRAAD.
COGHLAN Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COCHLÁIN.
COHEN Jewish
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen). It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
COIRO Italian
From Italian cuoio meaning "leather", ultimately from Latin corium. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
COJOCARU Romanian
From Romanian cojoc meaning "sheepskin coat". This was an occupational name for a maker of these coats.
COKE English
Variant of COOK.
COKES English
Variant of COOK.
COLA Italian
From the given name NICOLA (1).
COLBERT English, French
Derived from the given name COLOBERT.
COLE English
From the Old English byname COLA.
COLEMAN Irish, English
From the given name COLMÁN.
COLIJN Dutch
From the given name NICOLAAS.
COLLINGWOOD English
From a place name, itself derived from Old French chalenge meaning "disputed" and Middle English wode meaning "woods".
COLLINS (1) Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COILEÁIN. A famous bearer was Michael Collins, an Irish nationalist leader who was assassinated in 1922.
COLOMBERA Italian
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove" indicating a house where doves were held.
COLOMBO Italian
Either from Italian colomba "dove" indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
COLÓN Spanish
Spanish form of COLOMBO.
COLQUHOUN Scottish
From a place name meaning "narrow corner" or "narrow wood" in Gaelic.
COLT English
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt.
COLTON English
From a place name meaning "COLA's town".
COMBS English
Variant of COOMBS.
COMO (1) Italian
From the given name GIACOMO.
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
COMSTOCK English
Possibly from the name of the River Culm in Devon, England. This name is seen in the Domesday book as Culmstoke or Colmstoke.
COMTOIS French
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
CONFORTOLA Italian
From the old Italian given name Conforto meaning "comfort".
CONNELL Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conaill meaning "descendant of CONALL".
CONNER English
From Middle English connere meaning "inspector", an occupational name for an inspector of weights and measures.
CONNOLLY Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conghalaigh, which means "descendant of Conghalach". Conghalach is a nickname meaning "valiant".
CONNOR Irish
Variant of O'CONNOR.
CONSTABLE English
From Old French conestable, ultimately from Latin comes stabuli meaning "officer of the stable".
CONSTANTIN Romanian
From the given name CONSTANTIN.
CONTI Italian
From the Italian noble title conte meaning "count", derived from Latin comes. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
COOK English
Derived from Old English coc meaning "cook", ultimately from Latin coquus. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
COOKE English
Variant of COOK.
COOKSON English
Patronymic form of COOK.
COOLEN Dutch
From the given name NICOLAAS.
COOMBS English
From Old English cumb meaning "valley", the name of several places in England.
COONEY Irish
From Irish Ó Cuana meaning "descendant of Cuana". Cuana probably means "handsome, elegant". The Cooney sept originated in County Tyrone.
COOPER English
Means "barrel maker", from Middle English couper.
CORCORAN Irish
From Irish Ó Corcráin meaning "descendant of Corcrán", a given name derived from the Gaelic word corcair "purple".
COREY English
Derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri, of unknown meaning.
CORNA Italian
Derived from the names of places in northern Italy, especially Lombardy, from a word that means "crag, cliff" in the Lombard dialect.
CORNELL English
Derived from the given name CORNELIUS.
CORNETT English
Derived from Old French cornet meaning "horn", referring to one who worked as a horn blower.
CORRÀ Italian
From a short form of the given name CORRADO.
CORTI Italian
From Italian corte meaning "court, yard".
CORVI Italian
Nickname derived from Italian corvo meaning "crow".
CORWIN English
Derived from Old French cordoan "leather", ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.
CORY English
Variant of COREY.
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast" in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
COSTANTINI Italian
From the given name COSTANTINO.
COSTANZO Italian
From the given name COSTANZO.
COSTE French
French form of COSTA.
CÔTÉ French
French form of COSTA.
COTTERILL English
Derived from Middle English cotter meaning "cottager", referring to a small tenant farmer.
COUCH Cornish
From Cornish cough "red", indicating the original bearer had red hair.
COUGHLAN Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COCHLÁIN.
COUGHLIN Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COCHLÁIN.
COUMANS Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COUPE English
From Middle English coupe meaning "barrel", a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
COURTEMANCHE French
Means "short sleeve" in French.
COURTENAY (1) English
From the name of towns in France that were originally derivatives of the Gallo-Roman personal name Curtenus, itself derived from Latin curtus "short".
COURTENAY (2) English
From the Old French nickname court nes meaning "short nose".
COUSINEAU French
Derived from Old French cosin meaning "cousin".
COUTTS Scottish
From the name of the town of Cults in Aberdeenshire, derived from a Gaelic word meaning "woods".
COUTURE French
Means "tailor" in Old French.
COWDEN English
From various English place names, which meaning either "coal valley", "coal hill" or "cow pasture" in Old English.
COX English
Patronymic form of COCK.
COY English
Means "quiet, shy, coy" from Middle English coi.
CRACCHIOLO Italian
Derived from Italian cracchiola, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
CRAIG Scottish
Derived from Gaelic creag meaning "crag, rocks", originally belonging to a person who lived near a crag.
CRAWFORD English
From a place name derived from Old English crawa "crow" and ford "river crossing".
CREMASCHI Italian
From the name of the city of Crema in Lombardy, northern Italy.
CREMONA Italian
From the Italian city of Cremona, south of Milan, in Lombardy.
CREMONESI Italian
From the name of the Italian city of Cremona in Lombardy.
CRESPI Italian
Variant of CRESPO.
CRESPO Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Referred to a person with curly hair, from Latin crispus meaning "curly".
CREWE English
Originally denoted someone from Crewe in Cheshire, which is from Welsh criu "weir, dam, fish trap".
CRISP English
English cognate of CRESPO.
CRNČEVIĆ Serbian, Croatian
Derived from Serbian and Croatian црн (crn) meaning "black".
CROCE Italian
Italian form of CROSS.
CROCETTI Italian
Italian diminutive form of CROCE.
CROFT English
From Old English croft meaning "enclosed field".
CROPPER English
Occupational name derived from Middle English croppe "crop", referring to a fruit picker or a crop reaper.
CROSS English
Locative name meaning "cross", ultimately from Latin crux. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
CROUCH English
Variant of CROSS.
CRUICKSHANK Scottish
From a nickname meaning "bent leg" in Scots.
CRUSAN Dutch
Anglicized form of CRUYSSEN.
CRUYSSEN Dutch
From the name of a place in the Netherlands, derived from kruis "cross".
CRUZ Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese cognate of CROSS.
CSÁSZÁR Hungarian
Hungarian form of KAISER.
CSEH Hungarian
Means "Czech" in Hungarian.
CSINTALAN Hungarian
Means "mischievous, naughty" in Hungarian.
CSIZMADIA Hungarian
Means "bootmaker" in Hungarian.
CSONKA Hungarian
Means "maimed, mutilated" in Hungarian.
CSORBA Hungarian
From a nickname meaning "chipped, jagged" in Hungarian.
ČTVRTNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech čtvrtlán meaning "one quarter of a lán", where a lán is a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
CUCINOTTA Italian
Derived from a diminutive of Italian cucina meaning "kitchen".
CUÉLLAR Spanish
Derived from the name of the town of Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain. It may be derived from Latin collis meaning "hill".
CUESTA Spanish
Spanish form of COSTA.
CUEVAS Spanish
Derived from Spanish cueva meaning "cave".
CUIJPER Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CUIJPERS Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CULLEN (1) English
From the name of the German city of Cologne, which was derived from Latin colonia "colony".
CULLEN (2) Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COILEÁIN or Ó CUILINN.
CUMMINS English, Scottish, Irish
From an Old Breton given name, a cognate of CUIMÍN, introduced to Britain at the time of the Norman Conquest.
CUNNINGHAM Scottish
From the name of place in the Ayrshire district of Scotland. It possibly comes from Gaelic cuinneag meaning "milk pail".
CUOCCO Italian
Italian cognate of COOK.
CUOCO Italian
Italian cognate of COOK.
CURRAN Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Corraidhín meaning "descendant of CORRAIDHÍN".
CURRY Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COMHRAIDHE or Ó CORRA.
CURTIS English
Nickname for a courteous person from Old French curteis meaning "refined".
CUYPER Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CUYPERS Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CVETKOV Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Bulgarian Цветков (see TSVETKOV).
CZAJKA Polish
Means "lapwing (bird)" in Polish.
CZAJKOWSKI Polish
Originally indicated a person from any of the Polish towns named Czajków, all derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)".
DAALMANS Dutch
Originally indicated a person who lived in a valley, from Dutch dal meaning "dale, valley" and man meaning "man".
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as 'Matilda' and 'Henry Sugar'.
DAHLMAN Swedish
From Swedish dal meaning "dale, valley" and man meaning "man".
DALCA Romanian
Meaning uncertain.
DALE English
From Old English dæl meaning "valley", originally indicating a person who lived there.
DALEY Irish
Variant of DALY.
DALGAARD Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley" and garðr meaning "yard, farmstead".
DALÍ Spanish
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
DALTON English
Derived from a place name meaning "valley town" in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was the English chemist and physicist John Dalton (1766-1844).
DALY Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh meaning "descendant of DÁLACH".
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam" in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
D'AMBROSIO Italian
From the given name AMBROGIO.
DAMIANI Italian
Derived from the given name DAMIANO.
D'AMORE Italian
From the given name AMORE.
DAMYANOV Bulgarian
Means "son of DAMYAN".
DANAILOV Bulgarian
Means "son of DANAIL".
DANCHEV Bulgarian
Means "son of DANCHO".
DANE (2) English
Originally denoted a Dane, that is a person from Denmark.
DANELL English
Derived from the given name DANIEL.
D'ANGELO Italian
Means "son of ANGELO".
DANIAU French
Derived from the given name DANIEL.
DANIEL English, French, German, Portuguese
Derived from the given name DANIEL.
DANIELL English
Derived from the given name DANIEL.
DANIELSON English
Means "son of DANIEL".
DANIELSSON Swedish
Means "son of DANIEL".
DANNEL English
Variant of DANIEL.
D'ANTONIO Italian
Means "son of ANTONIO".
D'ARAMITZ French
Originally denoted one who came from Aramits, the name of a town in the French Pyrenees that is possibly derived from Basque haran meaning "valley".
DARBINIAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Դարբինյան (see DARBINYAN).
DARBINYAN Armenian
From Armenian դարբին (darbin) meaning "blacksmith".
DARBY English
From the name of the town Derby meaning "deer farm" in Old Norse.
DARRELL English
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Airel in Normandy, derived from Late Latin arealis meaning "open space".
DARROW Scottish
Habitational name from Darroch near Falkirk, in Stirlingshire, said to be named from Gaelic darach meaning "oak tree".
DARWIN English
From the given name DEORWINE.
DARZI Persian
Means "tailor" in Persian.
DAS Bengali, Indian, Assamese, Odia, Hindi, Marathi
Means "servant, devotee" in Sanskrit.
DASKALOV Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from даскал (daskal) meaning "teacher".
DAUBE German
Variant of TAUBE.
DAUBNEY English
From any of the various towns in France called Aubigny, derived from the Gallo-Roman personal name ALBINUS.
DAVIAU French
From a diminutive form of DAVID.
DAVIDOVIĆ Serbian
Means "son of DAVID".
DAVIDS English
Means "son of DAVID".
DAVIDSEN Danish
Means "son of DAVID".
DAVIDSON English
Means "son of DAVID".
DAVIDYAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Դավթյան (see DAVTYAN).
DAVIN Irish
Variant of DEVIN (1).
DAVIS English, Scottish
Means "son of DAVID". This was the surname of the revolutionary jazz trumpet player Miles Davis (1926-1991).
DAVISON English
Means "son of DAVID".
DAVTYAN Armenian
Means "son of DAVIT".
DAWSON English
Means "son of DAW".
DAY English
From a diminutive form of DAVID.
D'CRUZ Indian (Christian)
Variant of CRUZ more common among Christians from India.
D'CRUZE Indian (Christian)
Variant of CRUZ more common among Christians from India.
DEAN (1) English
Derived from Middle English dene meaning "valley".
DEAN (2) English
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen (ultimately from Latin decanus meaning "chief of ten").
DE ANGELIS Italian
Means "son of ANGELO".
DEASMHUMHAIN Irish
Irish Gaelic form of DESMOND.
DEASÚN Irish
Irish variant of DESMOND.
DEBENHAM English
Originally denoted a person from the town of Debenham in Suffolk, derived from the name of the River Deben (meaning "deep" in Old English) combined with ham meaning "home, settlement".
DE CAMPO Italian
Locative surname derived from place names called Campo (meaning "field").
DE CLOET Dutch
Variant of KLOET.
DEDRICK English
Derived from the given name Dederick, an older form of DEREK.
DEERING English
From the Old English given name Deora meaning "dear, beloved".
DE FELICE Italian
Means "son of FELICE".
DE FILIPPIS Italian
Means "son of FILIPPO".
DE FIORE Italian
Means "son of FIORE".
DEFOREST French
Means "from the forest" in French.
DEGARMO French
Americanized form of French de Garmeaux, which may derive from a place called Garmeaux in Normandy.
DEĞIRMENCI Turkish
From a Turkish word meaning "miller".
DE GROOT Dutch
From Dutch groot meaning "big, great".
DE HAVEN Dutch
From Middle Dutch haven meaning "harbour, haven".
DE KLERK Dutch
From Dutch klerk meaning "clerk", making this a cognate of CLARK.
DE KLOET Dutch
Variant of KLOET.
DELACROIX French
Means "of the cross" in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
DE LA CRUZ Spanish
Spanish cognate of DELACROIX.
DE LA FUENTE Spanish
Means "of the fountain" in Spanish.
DELANEY (1) English
Derived from Norman French de l'aunaie meaning "from the alder grove".
DELANEY (2) Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dubhshláine meaning "descendant of DUBHSHLÁINE".
DE LANG Dutch
Dutch cognate of LONG.
DE LANGE Dutch
Dutch cognate of LONG.
DE LAURENTIS Italian
Means "son of LORENZO", a Latinized form of the given name.
DEL BOSQUE Spanish
Means "of the forest" in Spanish.