From Irish Ó Caiside
meaning "descendant of Caiside"
is a given name meaning "curly haired".
Originally indicated a person from Castile, a region (and medieval kingdom) in Spain. The name of the region is derived from Late Latin castellum
From Middle English castel
, from Late Latin castellum
, originally indicating a person who lived near a castle.
Originally indicated a person who came from Catalonia, a region of eastern Spain.
From a place name meaning "cold field"
, from Old English ceald
"cold" and feld
Occupational name for one who made leggings, derived from Old French chausse "leggings"
Indicated a person who lived near a causeway, from Old French caucie
in Italian, an occupational name for a horseman.
. The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
From the Welsh given name Seisyll
, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius
, a derivative of Sextus
Possibly from Old Spanish servanto
. A famous bearer was the Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616).
From the name of English towns meaning "settlement belonging to Chad
" in Old English.
Derived from Czech chalupa
. The name referred to a peasant farmer who owned a very small piece of land.
Occupational name for one who looked after the inner rooms of a mansion, from Norman French chambrelain
From Old French chambre
meaning "chamber, room"
, an occupational name for a person who worked in the inner rooms of a mansion.
Occupational name for an administrator, a chancellor, from Norman French chancelier
Occupational name meaning "candle seller"
or "candle maker"
in Middle English, ultimately derived from Old French.
Chaplin English, French
Occupational name for a chaplin, or perhaps for the servant of one, from Middle English, Old French chapelain
. A famous bearer was the British comic actor Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977).
Occupational name derived from Old English ceapmann
meaning "merchant, trader"
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape
meaning "cloak, hood"
. The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon "charcoal"
, a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
Means "leather worker"
in Persian, from چرم (charm)
meaning "leather" combined with چی (chi)
, denoting an occupation.
in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
Occupational name for a hunter, from Middle English chase "hunt"
From Old French castan "chestnut tree"
), a name for someone who lived near a particular chestnut tree, or possibly a nickname for someone with chestnut-coloured hair.
Chaves Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name Flavius
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of Chaves
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
Russian form of Chayka
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient"
and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
Originally indicated a person from the county of Cheshire in England. Cheshire is named for its city Chester
From the name of a city in England, derived from Latin castrum
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, from Late Latin caballarius
"horseman", Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
, indicating a person who cultivated goats.
in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
Derived from Czech chmel "hops"
, referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
From the English word, derived from Old English cirice
, ultimately from Greek κυριακόν (kyriakon)
meaning "(house) of the lord". It probably referred to a person who lived close to a church.
From Cingoli, a town in the Marche region of Italy. It is derived from Latin cingo
From the given name Cino
, a short form of names ending in cino
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
, from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Means simply "clay"
, originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
From the name of various places meaning "clay settlement" in Old English.
Derived from the given name Clement
. This was the surname of the author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), also known as Mark Twain.
Derived from various place names that meant "ford by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from various place names meaning "settlement by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from the place name Glympton
meaning "settlement on the River Glyme" in Old English. This surname is borne by former American president Bill Clinton (1946-).
From Middle English clos
, a topographic name for someone who lived near a courtyard or farmyard.
Derived from French clou
, referring to someone who made or sold nails.
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump"
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock"
. The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
Cockburn Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone who came from Cockburn, a place in Berwickshire. The place name is derived from Old English cocc
"rooster" and burna
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh
meaning "descendant of Cuidightheach"
. A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
From Italian cuoio
, ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
From Romanian cojoc
meaning "sheepskin coat"
. This was an occupational name for a maker of these coats.
From a place name, itself derived from Old French chalenge
meaning "disputed" and Middle English wode
Collins 1 Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Coileáin
. A famous bearer was Michael Collins, an Irish nationalist leader who was assassinated in 1922.
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a house where doves were held.
Either from Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name Colombo
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
From a place name meaning "narrow corner"
or "narrow wood" in Gaelic.
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt
Como 2 Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
Possibly from the name of the River Culm in Devon, England. This name is seen in the Domesday book as Culmstoke or Colmstoke.
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
From Middle English connere
, an occupational name for an inspector of weights and measures.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conghalaigh
, which means "descendant of Conghalach"
is a nickname meaning "valiant".
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conaire
, which means "descendant of Conaire"
is a nickname meaning "hound keeper".
From Old French conestable
, ultimately from Latin comes stabuli
meaning "officer of the stable".
From the Italian noble title conte
, derived from Latin comes
. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
From the name of a town in Burgos, Spain, derived from Late Latin contraria
meaning "area opposite".
Derived from Old English coc
, ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
From Old English cumb
, the name of several places in England.
From Irish Ó Cuana
meaning "descendant of Cuana"
probably means "handsome, elegant". The Cooney sept originated in County Tyrone.
Created from the English words copper
by the author Charles Dickens, who used it for the title character in his novel David Copperfield
From the name of a type of hat characteristic of Sicily and southern Italy. This surname indicated a person who wore or made these hats.
From Irish Ó Corcráin
meaning "descendant of Corcrán"
, a given name derived from the Gaelic word corcair
Derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri
, of unknown meaning.
Corleone Sicilian, Literature
From the name of the town of Corleone in Sicily, which is of uncertain meaning. This surname is well known from the novel The Godfather
(1969) by Mario Puzo, as well as the films based on his characters. The story tells how Vito Andolini comes to America from Sicily, receiving the new surname Corleone
at Ellis Island, and starts a criminal empire based in New York.
Derived from the names of places in northern Italy, especially Lombardy, from a word that means "crag, cliff"
in the Lombard dialect.
Derived from Old French cornet
, referring to one who worked as a horn blower.
Nickname derived from Italian corvo
Derived from Old French cordoan "leather"
, ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.
Ćosić Croatian, Serbian
From Croatian and Serbian ćosav "beardless"
, ultimately from Persian کوسه (koseh)
Costa Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from Middle English cotter
, referring to a small tenant farmer.
From Cornish cough "red"
, indicating the original bearer had red hair.
From Middle English coupe
, a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
Courtenay 1 English
From the name of towns in France that were originally derivatives of the Gallo-Roman personal name Curtenus
, itself derived from Latin curtus
From the name of the town of Cults in Aberdeenshire, derived from a Gaelic word meaning "woods".
From various English place names, which meaning either "coal valley", "coal hill" or "cow pasture" in Old English.
Means "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
Derived from Gaelic creag
meaning "crag, rocks"
, originally belonging to a person who lived near a crag.
From a place name derived from Old English crawa
"crow" and ford
From the name of the city of Crema in Lombardy, northern Italy.
From the Italian city of Cremona, south of Milan, in Lombardy.
Originally denoted someone from Crewe in Cheshire, which is from Welsh criu
"weir, dam, fish trap".
From Old English croft
meaning "enclosed field"
Occupational name derived from Middle English croppe "crop"
, referring to a fruit picker or a crop reaper.
Locative name meaning "cross"
, ultimately from Latin crux
. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
From the name of a place in the Netherlands, derived from kruis
Derived from Czech čtvrtlán
meaning "one quarter of a lán"
, where a lán
is a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
Derived from the name of the town of Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain. It may be derived from Latin collis
Cullen 1 English
From the name of the German city of Cologne
, which was derived from Latin colonia
Cunningham 1 Scottish
From the name of place in the Ayrshire district of Scotland. It possibly comes from Gaelic cuinneag
meaning "milk pail".
Nickname for a courteous person, derived from Old French curteis
meaning "refined, courtly"
Originally indicated a person from any of the Polish towns named Czajków, all derived from Polish czajka
meaning "lapwing (bird)".
Originally indicated a person who lived in a valley, from Dutch dal
meaning "dale, valley" and man
Dahl Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
. A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda
and Henry Sugar
From Swedish dal
(Old Norse dalr
) meaning "dale, valley" and man
(Old Norse maðr
) meaning "man".
From Old English dæl
, originally indicating a person who lived there.
From Old Norse dalr
meaning "valley" and garðr
meaning "yard, farmstead".
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
Dallas 2 Scottish
From the name of a place in Moray, Scotland possibly meaning "meadow dwelling"
Derived from a place name meaning "valley town" in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was the English chemist and physicist John Dalton (1766-1844).
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh
meaning "descendant of Dálach"