Means "leather worker"
in Persian, from چرم (charm)
meaning "leather" combined with چی (chi)
, denoting an occupation.
in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
Occupational name for a hunter, from Middle English chase "hunt"
From Old French castan "chestnut tree"
), a name for someone who lived near a particular chestnut tree, or possibly a nickname for someone with chestnut-coloured hair.
CHAVES Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name FLAVIUS
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of CHAVES
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient"
and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
Originally indicated a person from the county of Cheshire in England. Cheshire is named for its city CHESTER
From the name of a city in England, derived from Latin castrum
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, itself from cheval
meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
, indicating a person who cultivated goats.
in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
Derived from Czech chmel "hops"
, referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
From the English word, derived from Old English cirice
, ultimately from Greek κυριακον (kyriakon)
meaning "(house) of the lord". It probably referred to a person who lived close to a church.
From Cingoli, a town in the Marche region of Italy. It is derived from Latin cingo
From the given name Cino
, a short form of names ending in cino
From the name of the town of Cisternino, near the city of Bari in southern Italy.
in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
, from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Means simply "clay"
, originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
From the name of various places meaning "clay settlement" in Old English.
Derived from the given name CLEMENT
. This was the surname of the author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), also known as Mark Twain.
Derived from various place names that meant "ford by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from various place names meaning "settlement by a cliff" in Old English.
Derived from the place name Glympton
meaning "settlement on the River Glyme" in Old English.
From Middle English clos
, a topographic name for someone who lived near a courtyard or farmyard.
Derived from French clou
, referring to someone who made or sold nails.
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump"
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock"
. The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
COCKBURN Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone who came from Cockburn, a place in Berwickshire. The place name is derived from Old English cocc
"rooster" and burna
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh
meaning "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH"
. A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
From Italian cuoio
, ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
From Romanian cojoc
meaning "sheepskin coat"
. This was an occupational name for a maker of these coats.
From a place name, itself derived from Old French chalenge
meaning "disputed" and Middle English wode
COLLINS (1) Irish
Anglicized form of Ó COILEÁIN
. A famous bearer was Michael Collins, an Irish nationalist leader who was assassinated in 1922.
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a house where doves were held.
Either from Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
From a place name meaning "narrow corner"
or "narrow wood" in Gaelic.
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
Possibly from the name of the River Culm in Devon, England. This name is seen in the Domesday book as Culmstoke or Colmstoke.
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
From Middle English connere
, an occupational name for an inspector of weights and measures.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Conghalaigh
, which means "descendant of Conghalach"
is a nickname meaning "valiant".
From Old French conestable
, ultimately from Latin comes stabuli
meaning "officer of the stable".
From the Italian noble title conte
, derived from Latin comes
. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
From the name of a town in Burgos, Spain, derived from Late Latin contraria
meaning "area opposite".
Derived from Old English coc
, ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
From Old English cumb
, the name of several places in England.
From Irish Ó Cuana
meaning "descendant of Cuana"
probably means "handsome, elegant". The Cooney sept originated in County Tyrone.
From Irish Ó Corcráin
meaning "descendant of Corcrán"
, a given name derived from the Gaelic word corcair
Derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri
, of unknown meaning.
Derived from the names of places in northern Italy, especially Lombardy, from a word that means "crag, cliff"
in the Lombard dialect.
Derived from Old French cornet
, referring to one who worked as a horn blower.
Nickname derived from Italian corvo
Derived from Old French cordoan "leather"
, ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from Middle English cotter
, referring to a small tenant farmer.
From Cornish cough "red"
, indicating the original bearer had red hair.
From Middle English coupe
, a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
COURTENAY (1) English
From the name of towns in France that were originally derivatives of the Gallo-Roman personal name Curtenus
, itself derived from Latin curtus
From the name of the town of Cults in Aberdeenshire, derived from a Gaelic word meaning "woods".
From various English place names, which meaning either "coal valley", "coal hill" or "cow pasture" in Old English.
Means "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
Derived from Italian cracchiola
, referring to a chicory-like vegetable.
Derived from Gaelic creag
meaning "crag, rocks"
, originally belonging to a person who lived near a crag.
From a place name derived from Old English crawa
"crow" and ford
From the name of the city of Crema in Lombardy, northern Italy.
From the Italian city of Cremona, south of Milan, in Lombardy.
Originally denoted someone from Crewe in Cheshire, which is from Welsh criu
"weir, dam, fish trap".
From Old English croft
meaning "enclosed field"
Occupational name derived from Middle English croppe "crop"
, referring to a fruit picker or a crop reaper.
Locative name meaning "cross"
, ultimately from Latin crux
. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
From the name of a place in the Netherlands, derived from kruis
Derived from Czech čtvrtlán
meaning "one quarter of a lán"
, where a lán
is a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
Derived from the name of the town of Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain. It may be derived from Latin collis
CULLEN (1) English
From the name of the German city of Cologne
, which was derived from Latin colonia
From the name of place in the Ayrshire district of Scotland. It possibly comes from Gaelic cuinneag
meaning "milk pail".
Nickname for a courteous person, derived from Old French curteis
meaning "refined, courtly"
Originally indicated a person from any of the Polish towns named Czajków, all derived from Polish czajka
meaning "lapwing (bird)".
Originally indicated a person who lived in a valley, from Dutch dal
meaning "dale, valley" and man
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
. A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda
and Henry Sugar
From Swedish dal
meaning "dale, valley" and man
From Old English dæl
, originally indicating a person who lived there.
From Old Norse dalr
meaning "valley" and garðr
meaning "yard, farmstead".
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
Derived from a place name meaning "valley town" in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was the English chemist and physicist John Dalton (1766-1844).
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh
meaning "descendant of DÁLACH"
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam"
in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
Originally denoted one who came from Aramits, the name of a town in the French Pyrenees that is possibly derived from Basque haran
From the name of the town Derby
meaning "deer farm" in Old Norse.
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Airel in Normandy, derived from Late Latin arealis
meaning "open space".
Habitational name from Darroch near Falkirk, in Stirlingshire, said to be named from Gaelic darach
meaning "oak tree".
From any of the various towns in France called Aubigny, derived from the Gallo-Roman personal name ALBINUS
DAVIS English, Scottish
Means "son of DAVID"
. This was the surname of the revolutionary jazz trumpet player Miles Davis (1926-1991).
DEAN (2) English
Occupational surname meaning "dean"
, referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen
(ultimately from Latin decanus
meaning "chief of ten").
Originally denoted a person from the town of Debenham in Suffolk, derived from the name of the River Deben (meaning "deep" in Old English) combined with ham
meaning "home, settlement".
DE CAMPO Italian
Locative surname derived from place names called Campo (meaning "field").
From the Old English given name Deora
meaning "dear, beloved".