MAYER (3) English
Occupational name for a mayor, from Middle English mair
, derived via Old French from Latin maior
From a nickname (perhaps occupational) meaning "maul, mallet" in Italian.
MCCAULEY Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Amhalghaidh
meaning "son of Amhalghadh". The given name Amhalghadh
is of uncertain meaning.
MCCRAE Irish, Scottish
From the Gaelic Mag Raith
meaning "son of Rath", a given name meaning "prosperity" or "grace".
Means "son of DIARMAID
". The McDermotts were nobility in the Kingdom of Connaught, a province in Ireland.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Mac Uileagóid
meaning "son of Uileagóid", a diminutive of UILLEAG
MCGILL Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac an Ghoill
meaning "son of the foreigner", derived from gall
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mag Shamhradháin
meaning "son of Samhradháin", a given name meaning "summer".
Anglicized form of Irish Mag Uidhir
meaning "son of Odhar", a given name meaning "pale-coloured".
From Scottish Gaelic Mac an tSaoir
meaning "son of the carpenter".
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac Fhionnlaigh
meaning "son of FIONNLAGH
". This name was borne by the American president William McKinley (1843-1901), who was assassinated.
From Gaelic Mac Leòid
meaning "son of Leod", a given name derived from Old Norse ljótr
From Irish Mac Conmara
meaning "son of Conmara". The given name Conmara
is composed of cú
"hound" and muir
Referred to one who lived in a meadow, from Old English mædwe
From various Portuguese place names that were derived from Portuguese medeiro
meaning "haystack", ultimately from Latin meta
meaning "cone, pyramid".
Derived from a Hungarian village named Meggyesfalva
meaning "cherry village", from meggy
"cherry" and falu
Originally denoted a person from the German town of Meissen, which is probably of Slavic origin.
From the name of a German town, possibly meaning "mill stream".
From the place name Malleville
meaning "bad town" in Norman French.
Possibly an occupational name derived from Polish maczarz
MENDEL (2) German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name MEINO
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Occupational name for a trader in textiles, from Old French mercier
, derived from Latin merx
MERLO Italian, Spanish
Means "blackbird", ultimately from Latin merula
. The blackbird is a symbol of a naive person.
MERRILL (2) English
From the name of various places in England, derived from Old English myrige
"pleasant" and hyll
From the name of the Sicilian city of Messina, founded by Greek colonists. The city was named after the Greek city Μεσσηνη (Messene)
Occupational name for a person who made knives, from Middle High German messer
Occupational name for a sexton or churchwarden, from Old High German mesinari
Derived from Greek μεταξι (metaxi)
meaning "silk", most likely referring to a silk merchant or another occupation dealing with silk.
Possibly refers to a place or institute of learning or where knowledge is provided.
METZ (1) German
Occupational name for maker of knives, from Middle High German metze
MEYER (1) German
From Middle High German meier
meaning "bailiff, administrator", derived from Latin maior
meaning "greater". Later it also denoted a tenant farmer. The spellings Meier
are more common in northern Germany while Maier
are more common in southern Germany.
From the English village of Midgley in West Yorkshire, meaning "midge (insect) wood" in Old English.
Derived from various place names meaning "mill stream" in Old English.
Originally derived from various place names all meaning "ford by a mill" in Old English.
Occupational surname referring to a person who owned or worked in a grain mill, from Middle English mille
Name for someone whose house was in a mill or who worked in a mill.
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Maolagáin
meaning "descendant of Maolagán
", a given name derived from maol
meaning "bald" or "tonsured".
Originally given to one who lived near a mill or who worked in a mill, from Middle English mille
From Scots and Middle English milne
(a variant of mille
) meaning "mill".
Derived from an English place name meaning "mill town" in Old English. A famous bearer was John Milton (1608-1674), the poet who wrote "Paradise Lost".
Nickname for a man of moderate means, from Yiddish, ultimately from Old High German mittil
From Japanese 宮 (miya)
meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and 本 (moto)
meaning "base, root, origin". A notable bearer is video game pioneer Shigeru Miyamoto (1952-).
MLAKAR Slovene, Croatian
Referred to someone who lived near a pool, derived from South Slavic mlaka
meaning "pool, puddle".
From the town of Modugno, in Apulia in southern Italy. It is the surname of the Italian actor and singer Domenico Modugno (1928-1994).
From a the town of Moffat in Scotland meaning "long field" in Gaelic.
From Irish Ó Maol Dhomhnaigh
meaning "descendant of a church servant".
From Irish Ó Manacháin
meaning "descendant of Manacháin". The given name Manacháin
meant "little monk", from manach
"monk" and a diminutive suffix.
From Italian mondatore
meaning "weeder". This was an occupational name for someone who kept fields clear of weeds.
MONDAY (2) English
Denoted a person for whom this was a significant day, often the day they would pay their feudal fees.
Derived from either of the given names HAMON
. A famous bearer was the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland.
Means "mountain" in Italian, indicating a person who lived on or near one.
From a Norman place name meaning "sharp mountain" in Old French.
MONTGOMERY English, Scottish
From a place name in Calvados, France meaning "GUMARICH
's mountain". A notable bearer was Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976), a British army commander during World War II.
MOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
MOORE (1) English
Originally indicated a person who lived on a moor, from Middle English mor
meaning "open land, bog".
MOORE (3) English
Nickname for a person of dark complexion, from Old French more
, Latin maurus
, meaning "Moorish".
Derived from Spanish moral
meaning "mulberry tree", of Latin origin.
From the Italian medieval given name Morando
Originally indicated a person from Moravia (Czech Morava
From Irish Ó Muircheartach
meaning "descendant of MUIRCHERTACH
". This was the surname given by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to a master criminal in the Sherlock Holmes series.
Locative name derived from Italian places such as Morra De Sanctis, Campania, or Morra del Villar, Piedmont.
From a diminutive of Italian mosca
meaning "housefly", perhaps originally a nickname for an annoying person.
Name for someone who lived near a peat bog, from Middle High German mos
From Japanese 本 (moto)
meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
From various names of places around Italy. It is derived from a Gaulish word meaning "hill".
From the name of a lost place in Cheshire, derived from the Old English byname Motere
meaning "speaker" and heafod
Means "mortar" in Polish. It probably referred to someone who worked with or sold mortar.
From the town of Muggia in northeastern Italy near the Slovenian border. It was called Muglae
From the Irish Ó Maoláin
meaning "descendant of Maolán". The given name Maolán
German equivalent of MILLER
, derived from Middle High German mülnære
Patronymic derived from the medieval Spanish given name Muño
, from Latin Munnius
, possibly of Germanic origin.
Patronymic formed from the Norman French nickname moun
Occupational name for a wall builder, from Italian murare
meaning "to wall up".