All Surnames

usage
Horáček Czech
Diminutive derived from Czech hora "mountain".
Horák Czech
Derived from Czech hora "mountain".
Horn English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Horne English
Variant of Horn.
Horník Czech, Slovak
Occupational name meaning "miner" in Czech and Slovak.
Horowitz Jewish
From the German name of Hořovice, a town in the Czech Republic. Its name is derived from Czech hora "mountain".
Horsfall English
From a minor place in Yorkshire derived from Old English hors "horse" and fall "clearing".
Horton English
From the names of various places in England, which are derived from Old English horh "dirt, mud" and tun "enclosure, yard, town".
Horvat Croatian, Slovene
From Croatian and Slovene Hrvat meaning "Croat, person from Croatia".
Horváth Hungarian
Hungarian form of Horvat. This is the second most common surname in Hungary and the most common surname in Slovakia, where it is borne by the descendants of Hungarian settlers.
Horvatinčić Croatian
Patronymic derived from Horvat.
Hoshino Japanese
From Japanese (hoshi) meaning "star" and (no) meaning "field, wilderness".
Hou Chinese
From Chinese (hóu) meaning "lord, nobleman".
Houben Dutch
Derived from the given name Hubert.
Houk Dutch (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of Hoek.
House English
Referred to a person who lived or worked in a house, as opposed to a smaller hut.
Houston Scottish
From a place name meaning "Hugh's town". The original Houston is in Scotland near Glasgow.
Houtkooper Dutch
Means "buyer of wood" in Dutch.
Houtman Dutch
Dutch cognate of Holzmann.
Hovanesian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Հովհաննիսյան (see Hovhannisyan).
Hovhannisyan Armenian
Means "son of Hovhannes" in Armenian.
Howard 1 English
Derived from the given name Hughard or Hávarðr.
Howard 2 English
Occupational name meaning "ewe herder", from Old English eowu "ewe" and hierde "herdsman, guardian".
Howe English
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill" (of Norse origin).
Howell Welsh
From the Welsh given name Hywel.
Howse English
Variant of Howe.
Hoxha Albanian
From the Persian title خواجه (khvajeh) meaning "lord".
Hrabě Czech
Means "count" in Czech, perhaps used to denote someone who worked for a count or acted like a count.
Hristov Bulgarian
Means "son of Hristo".
Hrubý Czech
Means "crude, coarse" in Czech.
Hruška Czech
Means "pear" in Czech, most likely used to denote a person who grew or sold pears.
Hsieh Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see Xie).
Hsu 1 Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see Xu 1).
Hsu 2 Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see Xu 2).
Hu Chinese
From Chinese () meaning "beard, whiskers, recklessly, wildly, barbarian".
Huang Chinese
From Chinese (huáng) meaning "yellow".
Hubbard English
Derived from the given name Hubert.
Hüber German
Variant of Huber.
Huber German
Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba "plot of land, farm".
Hubert French, German, English
Derived from the given name Hubert.
Huddleson English
Means "son of Hudel", a diminutive of Hudde.
Huddleston English
From the name of a town in the Yorkshire region of England, which means "Hudel's town" in Old English.
Hudnall English
From various English place names, derived from the Old English given name Huda combined with halh "nook, recess".
Hudson English
Means "son of Hudde".
Huerta Spanish
Means "garden, orchard" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin hortus.
Huff English
Means "spur of a hill", from Old English hoh.
Hughes 1 English
Patronymic of the given name Hugh.
Hughes 2 Scottish, Irish
Anglicized form of Mac Aodha.
Hull English
Variant of Hill.
Hult Swedish
Swedish form of Holt.
Hume Scottish, English
Variant of Holme. A famous bearer was the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776).
Hummel 1 German, Dutch
Derived from the given name Humbert.
Hummel 2 German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel, Middle High German hummel, all meaning "bee".
Humphrey English
Derived from the given name Humphrey.
Hunnisett English
Possibly a variant of Honeycutt.
Hunt English
Variant of Hunter.
Hunter English, Scottish
Occupational name that referred to someone who hunted for a living, from Old English hunta.
Hurst English
Originally a name for a person who lived near a thicket of trees, from Old English hyrst "thicket".
Hussain Arabic
Derived from the given name Husayn.
Hutchinson English
Means "son of Huchin", a medieval diminutive of Hugh.
Hutmacher German
German cognate of Hoedemaker.
Hutson English
Variant of Hudson.
Huxley English
From the name of a town in Cheshire. The final element is Old English leah "woodland, clearing", while the first element might be hux "insult, scorn". A famous bearer was the British author Aldous Huxley (1894-1963).
Huxtable English
Derived from the name of an English place meaning "hook post", from Old English hoc "hook" and stapol "post".
Huỳnh Vietnamese
Variant of Hoàng used more often in southern Vietnam.
Hyde English
From Middle English hide, a unit of land, approximately the size necessary to support a household.
Hyland 1 English
Topographic name meaning "high land", from Old English heah and land.
Hyland 2 Irish
Variant of Whelan.
Hynes Irish
Variant of Hines.
I Korean
Variant of Lee 2.
Ibáñez Spanish
Means "son of Ibán".
Ibarra Basque, Spanish
From Basque place names derived from ibar meaning "meadow".
Ibbot English
Variant of Ibbott.
Ibbott English
Matronymic surname derived from the medieval name Ibota, a diminutive of Isabel.
Ibsen Danish
Means "son of Ib". A famous bearer was the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906).
Idowu Western African, Yoruba
From the given name Idowu.
Iglesias Spanish
From Spanish iglesia meaning "church", from Latin ecclesia (of Greek origin).
Ignácz Hungarian
Derived from the given name Ignác.
Ignatiev Russian
Means "son of Ignatiy".
Ignatov Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Ignat".
Ihejirika Western African, Igbo
Means "the one that I have is greater" in Igbo.
Ikeda Japanese
From Japanese (ike) meaning "pool, pond" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Ikin English
Derived from a diminutive of the medieval given name Ida.
Ilbert English
Derived from a Norman French form of the Germanic given name Hildiberht.
Ilić Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of Ilija".
Iliescu Romanian
Means "son of Ilie".
Iliev Bulgarian
Means "son of Iliya".
Illés Hungarian
Derived from the given name Illés.
Ilves Estonian
Means "lynx" in Estonian.
Im Korean
From Sino-Korean (im) meaning "forest", making it the Korean form of Lin, or (im) of uncertain meaning, making it the Korean form of Ren.
Inaba Japanese
From Japanese (ina) meaning "rice plant" and (ha) meaning "leaf".
Ingersleben German
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
Ingesson Swedish
Means "son of Inge".
Ingham English
From the name of an English town, of Old English origin meaning "Inga's homestead".
Ingram English
Derived from the Norman French given name Enguerrand.
Íñiguez Spanish
Means "son of Íñigo" in Spanish.
Innes 1 Scottish
From a place name derived from Gaelic inis meaning "island".
Innes 2 Scottish
From the given name Aonghus.
Innocenti Italian
From a nickname meaning "innocent" in Italian.
Inoue Japanese
Means "above the well", from Japanese (i) meaning "well, mine shaft, pit", an unwritten possessive marker (no), and (ue) meaning "above, top, upper".
Ioannidis Greek
Means "son of Ioannis" in Greek.
Ionesco Romanian
Variant of Ionescu. French-Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco (1909-1994), born Ionescu, is a famous bearer of this surname.
Ionescu Romanian
Means "son of Ion 1" in Romanian.
Iordanou Greek
From the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
Irvin English
Variant of Irving or Irwin.
Irving Scottish, English
Originally derived from a Scottish place name (in North Ayrshire) meaning "green water".
Irwin English
Derived from the Old English given name Eoforwine.
Isaacson English
Means "son of Isaac".
Isaev Russian
Means "son of Isay".
Isaksen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Isak".
Isaksson Swedish
Means "son of Isak".
Ishida Japanese
From Japanese (ishi) meaning "stone" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Ishikawa Japanese
From Japanese (ishi) meaning "stone" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
Ito Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 伊藤 (see Itō).
Itō Japanese
From Japanese (i) meaning "this" and () meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Itou Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 伊藤 (see Itō).
Iturburua Basque
Means "by the fountain" in Basque, from iturri "fountain, spring".
Ivankov Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from a diminutive of Ivan.
Ivanković Croatian, Serbian
Patronymic derived from a diminutive of Ivan.
Ivanoŭ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Іваноў (see Ivanow).
Ivanović Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of Ivan".
Ivanovski Macedonian
Means "son of Ivan".
Ivanow Belarusian
Means "son of Ivan".
Ivarsson Swedish
Means "son of Ivar".
Ivers English, Irish
Patronymic derived from the given name Ivor.
Iversen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Iver".
Ivov Bulgarian
Means "son of Ivo 2".
Iwai Japanese
From Japanese (iwa) meaning "cliff, rocks" and (i) meaning "well, mine shaft, pit".
Iwata Japanese
From Japanese (iwa) meaning "cliff, rocks" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Iyer Tamil
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
Izumi Japanese
From Japanese (izumi) meaning "spring, fountain".
Jack English, Scottish
From the given name Jack.
Jackman English
Means "servant of Jack".
Jackson English
Means "son of Jack". Famous bearers of this name are the American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) and the singer Michael Jackson (1958-2009).
Jacobs English, Dutch
Derived from the given name Jacob.
Jacobse Dutch
Variant of Jacobs.
Jacobsen Danish
Means "son of Jacob".
Jacobson English
Means "son of Jacob".
Jacques French
From the French given name Jacques.
Jacquet French
From a diminutive of the given name Jacques.
Jaeger German
Variant of Jäger.
Jäger German
Means "hunter" in German, from Old High German jagon meaning "to hunt".
Jager German
Variant of Jäger.
Jagoda Polish
Means "berry" in Polish.
Jahn German
From a Low German short form of Johannes.
Jahoda Czech
Czech cognate of Jagoda.
Jain Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
Jakab Hungarian
Derived from the given name Jakab.
Jakeman English
Means "servant of Jack".
Jakobsen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Jakob".
James English
Derived from the given name James.
Jameson English
Means "son of James".
Jamison English
Means "son of James".
Jamshidi Persian
From the given name Jamshid.
Janda Czech, Polish
Derived from the given name Jan 1.
Jandáček Czech
From a diminutive of the given name Jan 1.
Janíček Czech
Derived from the given name Jan 1.
Jankauskas Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Janowski.
Jankovic Slovak
Means "son of Janko".
Jankovič Slovene
Means "son of Janko".
Jankovics Hungarian
Means "son of Jankó", a diminutive of János.
Jankowski Polish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Jankowo or Janków, all derived from the given name Janek.
Janowski Polish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Janowo, Janów or Janowice, all derived from the given name Jan 1.
Jans Dutch, German
Means "son of Jan 1".
Jansen Dutch, Norwegian
Means "son of Jan 1". This is the second most common Dutch surname.
Jansens Dutch
Variant of Jansen.
Jansing Dutch
Variant of Jansen.
Jansingh Dutch
Variant of Jansen.
Jansink Dutch
Variant of Jansen.
Jansons Latvian
Latvian form of Jansson.
Janssen Dutch
Means "son of Jan 1".
Janssens Dutch, Flemish
Means "son of Jan 1".
Jansson Swedish
Means "son of Jan 1".
Janvier French
Either from the given name Janvier or the French word janvier meaning "January", perhaps indicating a person who was baptized in that month.
Janz German
Means "son of Jan 1".
Janzen Dutch
Means "son of Jan 1".
Jardine English, Scottish
Means "garden", denoting someone who worked as a gardener.
Järvi Finnish
Means "lake" in Finnish.
Järvinen Finnish
Derived from Finnish järvi meaning "lake". It is one of the most common surnames in Finland.
Jarvis English
Derived from the given name Gervais.
Jaskólski Polish
Originally indicated a person from various Polish towns named Jaskółki, derived from Polish jaskółka "swallow (bird)".
Jaso Basque
Derived from Basque jats meaning "sorghum", a type of cereal grass.
Jasso Basque
Variant of Jaso.
Jean French
From the given name Jean 1.
Jeanes 1 English
Derived from the given name Jan, a medieval English form of John.
Jeanes 2 English
Originally denoted a person who came from Genoa, Italy.
Jedlička Czech
Derived from Czech jedle meaning "fir tree", perhaps given to a person who lived near a prominent one.
Jedynak Polish
Means "only child" in Polish.
Jeffers English
Patronymic from the given name Jeffrey. A famous bearer was poet Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962).
Jefferson English
Means "son of Jeffrey". A famous bearer was American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). Since this surname was sometimes adopted by freed slaves, it is now more common among the African-American population.
Jeffery English
Derived from the given name Jeffrey.
Jeffries English
Patronymic from the given name Jeffrey.
Jehlička Czech
From Czech jehla meaning "needle", most likely borne by tailors in reference to their occupation.
Jekyll English
Derived from the Breton given name Judicaël. This name was used by Robert Louis Stevenson for the character of Dr Henry Jekyll in the book Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886).
Jelen Czech
From a nickname meaning "stag" in Czech.
Jeleń Polish
Polish form of Jelen.
Jelínek Czech
Diminutive of Jelen.
Jenkins English
From the given name Jenkin, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of John.
Jennings English
From the given name Jenyn, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of John.
Jensen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Jens". This is the most common surname in Denmark.
Jenson Danish (Anglicized)
Americanized form of Jensen.
Jenssen Norwegian
Means "son of Jens".
Jensson Icelandic
Means "son of Jens".
Jeong Korean
Korean form of Zheng, from Sino-Korean (jeong).
Jeppesen Danish
Means "son of Jeppe".
Jepson English
Means "son of Jep".
Jernigan English
Possibly derived from the old Breton name Iarnogon meaning "iron famous".
Jérôme French
Derived from the given name Jérôme.
Jerome English
Derived from the given name Jerome. A famous bearer of this surname was the American-born Jennie Jerome (1854-1921), Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston Churchill.
Jervis English
Variant of Jarvis.
Jespersen Danish
Means "son of Jesper".
Jesus Portuguese
Derived from the given name Jesus.
Jewel English
Variant of Jewell.
Jewell English
Derived from the Breton given name Judicaël.
Jež Slovene, Czech
Cognate of Jeż.
Jeż Polish
Means "hedgehog" in Polish. It may have originally been given to a person who resembled a hedgehog in some way.
Ježek Czech
Diminutive form of Jež.
Jiang 1 Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "river, Yangtze".
Jiang 2 Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "ginger".
Jiménez Spanish
Means "son of Jimeno".
Jin Chinese
From Chinese (jīn) meaning "gold".
Jinks English
Means "son of Jenk", a short form of Jenkin, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of John.
Jo Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see Cho).
Hungarian
Means "good" in Hungarian.
Johansen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Johan". This is the second most common Norwegian surname.
Johansson Swedish
Means "son of Johan". This is the second most common surname in Sweden.
John English
Derived from the given name John. A famous bearer is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight.
Johns English
Derived from the given name John.
Johnsen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of John".
Johnson English
Means "son of John". Famous bearers include American presidents Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
Johnsson Swedish
Means "son of John".
Johnston Scottish
From the name of a Scottish town, which meant "John's town".
Joiner English
Occupational name for a carpenter (that is, a person who joins wood together to make furniture).
Jokela Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
Jokinen Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
Jokumsen Danish
Means "son of Jokum".
Jöllenbeck German
From the name of a village in western Germany, itself derived from the name of the Jölle, a small river, combined with Low German beck "stream".
Joly French
From Old French joli meaning "happy, jolly, pretty".
Jonaitis Lithuanian
From the given name Jonas 1.
Jónás Hungarian
Derived from the given name Jónás.
Jonasen Danish
Means "son of Jonas 2".
Jonasson Swedish
Means "son of Jonas 2".
Jonckers Dutch
Patronymic form of Jonker.
Jones English, Welsh
Derived from the given name Jon, a medieval variant of John.
Jonker Dutch
From the Dutch title jonkheer meaning "young lord". It was originally a medieval noble designation (not an actual title) for a young nobleman.
Jonkers Dutch
Patronymic form of Jonker.
Jonkheer Dutch
Variant of Jonker.
Jönsson Swedish
Means "son of Jöns".
Jonsson Swedish
Means "son of Jon 1".
Joó Hungarian
Variant of .
Joossens Flemish
Means "son of Joos".
Joosten Dutch
Derived from the given name Joost.
Jordà Catalan
Derived from the given name Jordà.
Jordan 1 English, French, German
Derived from the given name Jordan.
Jordan 2 Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
Jørgensen Danish
Means "son of Jørgen".
Joseph English, French
Derived from the given name Joseph.
Josephs English
Derived from the given name Joseph.
Josephson English
Means "son of Joseph".
Joshi Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Nepali
From Sanskrit ज्योतिश (jyotisha) meaning "astronomer".
Joubert French
From the given name Gaubert.
Jovanović Serbian
Means "son of Jovan".
Jovanovski Macedonian
Means "son of Jovan".
Joyce English, Irish
From the given name Joyce.
Joyner English
Variant of Joiner.
Judd English
Derived from the medieval name Judd.
Jughashvili Georgian (Rare)
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests Ossetian roots with the meaning "son of the herder", derived from Ossetian дзуг (dzug) meaning "herd, flock, troop". Alternately, it could be derived from the name of the village of ჯუღაანი (Jughaani) in eastern Georgia. The most notable bearer was Joseph Stalin (1878-1953), born Ioseb Jughashvili, a leader of the Soviet Union.
Jugovac Croatian
From Croatian jug meaning "south".
Juhász Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "shepherd" in Hungarian.
Julien French
From the given name Julien.
Jundt German
Derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name Judith.
Jung 1 German
Means "young" in German, from Middle High German junc.
Jung 2 Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see Jeong).
Junge German
Variant of Jung 1.
Jurić Croatian
Means "son of Jure".
Juriša Croatian
Derived from a diminutive form of Jure.
Jusić Bosnian
Perhaps means "son of Josip".