All Surnames

usage
IGLESIAS Spanish
From Spanish iglesia meaning "church", from Latin ecclesia (of Greek origin).
IGNÁCZ Hungarian
Derived from the given name IGNÁC.
IGNATIEV Russian
Means "son of IGNATIY".
IGNATOV Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of IGNAT".
IHEJIRIKA Western African, Igbo
Means "the one that I have is greater" in Igbo.
IKEDA Japanese
From Japanese (ike) meaning "pool, pond" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
IKIN English
Derived from a diminutive of the medieval given name IDA.
ILBERT English
Derived from a Norman French form of the Germanic given name HILDIBERHT.
ILIĆ Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of ILIJA".
ILIESCU Romanian
Means "son of ILIE".
ILIEV Bulgarian
Means "son of ILIYA".
ILLÉS Hungarian
Derived from the given name ILLÉS.
ILVES Estonian
Means "lynx" in Estonian.
IM Korean
From Sino-Korean (im) meaning "forest", making it the Korean form of LIN, or (im) of uncertain meaning, making it the Korean form of REN.
INABA Japanese
From Japanese (ina) meaning "rice plant" and (ha) meaning "leaf".
INGERSLEBEN German
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
INGESSON Swedish
Means "son of INGE".
INGHAM English
From the name of an English town, of Old English origin meaning "INGA's homestead".
INGRAM English
Derived from the Norman French given name ENGUERRAND.
ÍÑIGUEZ Spanish
Means "son of ÍÑIGO" in Spanish.
INNES (1) Scottish
From a place name derived from Gaelic inis meaning "island".
INNES (2) Scottish
From the given name AONGHUS.
INNOCENTI Italian
From a nickname meaning "innocent" in Italian.
INOUE Japanese
Means "above the well", from Japanese (i) meaning "well, mine shaft, pit", an unwritten possessive marker (no), and (ue) meaning "above, top, upper".
IOANNIDIS Greek
Means "son of IOANNIS" in Greek.
IONESCO Romanian
Variant of IONESCU. French-Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco (1909-1994), born Ionescu, is a famous bearer of this surname.
IONESCU Romanian
Means "son of ION (1)" in Romanian.
IORDANOU Greek
From the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
IRVIN English
Variant of IRVING or IRWIN.
IRVING Scottish, English
Originally derived from a Scottish place name (in North Ayrshire) meaning "green water".
IRWIN English
Derived from the Old English given name EOFORWINE.
ISAACSON English
Means "son of ISAAC".
ISAEV Russian
Means "son of ISAY".
ISAKSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of ISAK".
ISAKSSON Swedish
Means "son of ISAK".
ISHIDA Japanese
From Japanese (ishi) meaning "stone" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
ISHIKAWA Japanese
From Japanese (ishi) meaning "stone" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
ITO Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 伊藤 (see ITŌ).
ITŌ Japanese
From Japanese (i) meaning "this" and () meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
ITOU Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 伊藤 (see ITŌ).
ITURBURUA Basque
Means "by the fountain" in Basque, from iturri "fountain, spring".
IVANKOV Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from a diminutive of IVAN.
IVANOŬ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Іваноў (see IVANOW).
IVANOVIĆ Croatian, Serbian
Means "son of IVAN".
IVANOVSKI Macedonian
Means "son of IVAN".
IVANOW Belarusian
Means "son of IVAN".
IVARSSON Swedish
Means "son of IVAR".
IVERS English, Irish
Patronymic derived from the given name IVOR.
IVERSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of IVER".
IVOV Bulgarian
Means "son of IVO (2)".
IWATA Japanese
From Japanese (iwa) meaning "cliff, rocks" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
IYER Tamil
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
IZUMI Japanese
From Japanese (izumi) meaning "spring, fountain".
JACK English, Scottish
From the given name JACK.
JACKMAN English
Means "servant of JACK".
JACKSON English
Means "son of JACK". Famous bearers of this name are the American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) and the singer Michael Jackson (1958-2009).
JACOBS English, Dutch
Derived from the given name JACOB.
JACOBSE Dutch
Variant of JACOBS.
JACOBSEN Danish
Means "son of JACOB".
JACOBSON English
Means "son of JACOB".
JACQUES French
From the French given name JACQUES.
JAEGER German
Variant of JÄGER.
JÄGER German
Means "hunter" in German, from Old High German jagon meaning "to hunt".
JAGER German
Variant of JÄGER.
JAGODA Polish
Means "berry" in Polish.
JAHODA Czech
Czech cognate of JAGODA.
JAIN Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
JAKAB Hungarian
Derived from the given name JAKAB.
JAKEMAN English
Means "servant of JACK".
JAKOBSEN Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of JAKOB".
JAMES English
Derived from the given name JAMES.
JAMESON English
Means "son of JAMES".
JAMISON English
Means "son of JAMES".
JAMSHIDI Persian
From the given name JAMSHID.
JANDA Czech, Polish
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANDÁČEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name JAN (1).
JANÍČEK Czech
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANKAUSKAS Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of JANOWSKI.
JANKOVIC Slovak
Means "son of JANKO".
JANKOVIČ Slovene
Means "son of JANKO".
JANKOVICS Hungarian
Means "son of Jankó", a diminutive of JÁNOS.
JANKOWSKI Polish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Jankowo or Janków, all derived from the given name JANEK.
JANOWSKI Polish
Habitational name for a person from a town named Janowo, Janów or Janowice, all derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANS Dutch, German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANSEN Dutch, Norwegian
Means "son of JAN (1)". This is the second most common Dutch surname.
JANSENS Dutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSING Dutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSINGH Dutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSINK Dutch
Variant of JANSEN.
JANSONS Latvian
Latvian form of JANSSON.
JANSSEN Dutch
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANSSENS Dutch, Flemish
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANSSON Swedish
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANVIER French
Either from the given name JANVIER or the French word janvier meaning "January", perhaps indicating a person who was baptized in that month.
JANZ German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANZEN Dutch
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JARDINE English, Scottish
Means "garden", denoting someone who worked as a gardener.
JÄRVI Finnish
Means "lake" in Finnish.
JÄRVINEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish järvi meaning "lake". It is one of the most common surnames in Finland.
JARVIS English
Derived from the given name GERVAIS.
JASKÓLSKI Polish
Originally indicated a person from various Polish towns named Jaskółki, derived from Polish jaskółka "swallow (bird)".
JASO Basque
Derived from Basque jats meaning "sorghum", a type of cereal grass.
JASSO Basque
Variant of JASO.
JEAN French
From the given name JEAN (1).
JEANES (1) English
Derived from the given name Jan, a medieval English form of JOHN.
JEANES (2) English
Originally denoted a person who came from Genoa, Italy.
JEDLIČKA Czech
Derived from Czech jedle meaning "fir tree", perhaps given to a person who lived near a prominent one.
JEDYNAK Polish
Means "only child" in Polish.
JEFFERS English
Patronymic from the given name JEFFREY. A famous bearer was poet Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962).
JEFFERSON English
Means "son of JEFFREY". A famous bearer was American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). Since this surname was sometimes adopted by freed slaves, it is now more common among the African-American population.
JEFFERY English
Derived from the given name JEFFREY.
JEFFRIES English
Patronymic from the given name JEFFREY.
JEHLIČKA Czech
From Czech jehla meaning "needle", most likely borne by tailors in reference to their occupation.
JEKYLL English
Derived from the Breton given name JUDICAËL. This name was used by Robert Louis Stevenson for the character of Dr Henry Jekyll in the book Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886).
JELEN Czech
From a nickname meaning "stag" in Czech.
JELEŃ Polish
Polish form of JELEN.
JELÍNEK Czech
Diminutive of JELEN.
JENKINS English
From the given name Jenkin, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of JOHN.
JENNINGS English
From the given name Jenyn, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of JOHN.
JENSEN Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of JENS". This is the most common surname in Denmark.
JENSON Danish (Anglicized)
Americanized form of JENSEN.
JENSSON Icelandic
Means "son of JENS".
JEONG Korean
Korean form of ZHENG, from Sino-Korean (jeong).
JEPSON English
Means "son of JEP".
JERNIGAN English
Possibly derived from the old Breton name Iarnogon meaning "iron famous".
JÉRÔME French
Derived from the given name JÉRÔME.
JEROME English
Derived from the given name JEROME. A famous bearer of this surname was the American-born Jennie Jerome (1854-1921), Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston Churchill.
JERVIS English
Variant of JARVIS.
JESPERSEN Danish
Means "son of JESPER".
JESUS Portuguese
Derived from the given name JESUS.
JEWEL English
Variant of JEWELL.
JEWELL English
Derived from the Breton given name JUDICAËL.
JEŽ Slovene, Czech
Cognate of JEŻ.
JEŻ Polish
Means "hedgehog" in Polish. It may have originally been given to a person who resembled a hedgehog in some way.
JEŽEK Czech
Diminutive form of JEŽ.
JIANG (1) Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "river, Yangtze".
JIANG (2) Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "ginger".
JIMÉNEZ Spanish
Means "son of JIMENO".
JIN Chinese
From Chinese (jīn) meaning "gold".
JINKS English
Means "son of Jenk", a short form of Jenkin, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of JOHN.
JO Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see CHO).
Hungarian
Means "good" in Hungarian.
JOHANSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of JOHAN". This is the second most common Norwegian surname.
JOHANSSON Swedish
Means "son of JOHAN". This is the second most common surname in Sweden.
JOHN English
Derived from the given name JOHN. A famous bearer is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight.
JOHNS English
Derived from the given name JOHN.
JOHNSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of JOHN".
JOHNSON English
Means "son of JOHN". Famous bearers include American presidents Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
JOHNSSON Swedish
Means "son of JOHN".
JOHNSTON Scottish
From the name of a Scottish town, which meant "JOHN's town".
JOINER English
Occupational name for a carpenter (that is, a person who joins wood together to make furniture).
JOKELA Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
JOKINEN Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
JOKUMSEN Danish
Means "son of JOKUM".
JÖLLENBECK German
From the name of a village in western Germany, itself derived from the name of the Jölle, a small river, combined with Low German beck "stream".
JOLY French
From Old French joli meaning "happy, jolly, pretty".
JONAITIS Lithuanian
From the given name JONAS (1).
JÓNÁS Hungarian
Derived from the given name JÓNÁS.
JONASEN Danish
Means "son of JONAS (2)".
JONASSON Swedish
Means "son of JONAS (2)".
JONCKERS Dutch
Patronymic form of JONKER.
JONES English, Welsh
Derived from the given name Jon, a medieval variant of JOHN.
JONKER Dutch
From the Dutch title jonkheer meaning "young lord". It was originally a medieval noble designation (not an actual title) for a young nobleman.
JONKERS Dutch
Patronymic form of JONKER.
JONKHEER Dutch
Variant of JONKER.
JÖNSSON Swedish
Means "son of JÖNS".
JONSSON Swedish
Means "son of JON (1)".
JOÓ Hungarian
Variant of .
JOOSSENS Flemish
Means "son of JOOS".
JOOSTEN Dutch
Derived from the given name JOOST.
JORDÀ Catalan
Derived from the given name JORDÀ.
JORDAN (1) English, French
Derived from the given name JORDAN.
JORDAN (2) Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
JØRGENSEN Danish
Means "son of JØRGEN".
JOSEPH English
Derived from the given name JOSEPH.
JOSEPHS English
Derived from the given name JOSEPH.
JOSEPHSON English
Means "son of JOSEPH".
JOSHI Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Nepali
From Sanskrit ज्योतिश (jyotisha) meaning "astronomer".
JOUBERT French
From the given name GAUBERT.
JOVANOVIĆ Serbian
Means "son of JOVAN".
JOVANOVSKI Macedonian
Means "son of JOVAN".
JOYNER English
Variant of JOINER.
JUDD English
Derived from the medieval name JUDD.
JUGHASHVILI Georgian (Rare)
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests Ossetian roots with the meaning "son of the herder", derived from Ossetian дзуг (dzug) meaning "herd, flock, troop". Alternately, it could be derived from the name of the village of ჯუღაანი (Jughaani) in eastern Georgia. The most notable bearer was Joseph Stalin (1878-1953), born Ioseb Jughashvili, a leader of the Soviet Union.
JUGOVAC Croatian
From Croatian jug meaning "south".
JUHÁSZ Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "shepherd" in Hungarian.
JULIEN French
From the given name JULIEN.
JUNDT German
Derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name JUDITH.
JUNG (1) German
Means "young" in German, from Middle High German junc.
JUNG (2) Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see JEONG).
JUNGE German
Variant of JUNG (1).
JURIĆ Croatian
Means "son of JURE".
JURIŠA Croatian
Derived from a diminutive form of JURE.
JUSIĆ Bosnian
Perhaps means "son of JOSIP".
KACZKA Polish
Means "duck" in Polish.
KÁDÁR Hungarian
Means "cooper, barrel maker" in Hungarian.
KADER Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic قادر (see QADIR).
KADEŘ Czech
Variant of KUDRNA.
KADLEC Czech
From Czech tkadlec meaning "weaver".
KAFKA Czech
Derived from Czech kavka "jackdaw".
KAHLER German
From a nickname derived from German kahl meaning "bald".
KAISER German
From Middle High German keiser meaning "emperor", originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name CAESAR.
KALB German
Occupational name meaning "calf (animal)" in German.
KALBFLEISCH German
Occupational name for a butcher who dealt in veal, from German kalb meaning "calf" and fleisch meaning "meat".
KALMÁR Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "merchant, shopkeeper" in Hungarian, of German origin.
KALNIŅŠ Latvian
From Latvian kalns meaning "mountain, hill".
KALOYANOV Bulgarian
Means "son of KALOYAN".
KAŁUŻA Polish
Means "puddle" in Polish.
KALUŽA Slovene, Czech
Czech and Slovene form of KAŁUŻA.
KAMAU Eastern African, Kikuyu
Derived from the given name KAMAU.
KAMIŃSKI Polish
From Polish kamień meaning "stone", a name for a stonecutter or for one who lived at a place with this name.
KAMIYA Japanese
From Japanese (kami) meaning "god" and (ya) meaning "valley".
KANDA Japanese
From Japanese (kan) meaning "god" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
KANG Korean
Korean form of JIANG (2), from Sino-Korean (gang).
KANZAKI Japanese
From Japanese (kan) meaning "god" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
KAPANADZE Georgian
Means "son of the one from Kapan", originally denoting someone who came from the city of Kapan in present-day Armenia (from Armenian կապել (kapel) meaning "to tie, to fasten").
KAPPEL German, Dutch
Name for a person who lived near or worked at a chapel, ultimately from Late Latin cappella, a diminutive of cappa "cape", arising from the holy relic of the torn cape of Saint Martin, which was kept in small churches.
KARDOS Hungarian
From Hungarian kard meaning "sword". It could have been applied to soldiers, sword makers, or one with a pugnacious nature.
KARGA Turkish
Nickname meaning "crow" in Turkish.
KARIM Arabic
Derived from the given name KARIM.
KARIMI Arabic, Persian
Derived from the given name KARIM.
KARIUKI Eastern African, Kikuyu
Derived from the given name KARIUKI.
KARL German
From the given name KARL.
KARLSEN Danish
Means "son of KARL".
KARLSSON Swedish
Means "son of KARL".
KÁRPÁTI Hungarian
Derived from Kárpátok, the Hungarian name of the CARPATHIANS.
KARPPINEN Finnish
From Finnish karppi meaning "carp", of Germanic origin.
KARTAL Turkish
From a nickname meaning "eagle" in Turkish.
KASABIAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Ղասաբյան (see GHASABYAN).
KASK Estonian
Means "birch" in Estonian.
KAŠPAR Czech
Derived from the given name KAŠPAR.
KASPAR German
Derived from the given name KASPAR.
KASPERSEN Danish
Means "son of KASPER".
KASPRZAK Polish
Means "son of KACPER".
KÄSTNER German
Means "cabinet maker", derived from Middle High German kaste "box".
KASUN Croatian
Possibly derived from the old Slavic word kazati meaning "to order, to command".
KATIRCI Turkish
Derived from Turkish katır meaning "mule", a name for a person who made transports by mule.
KATO Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 加藤 (see KATŌ).
KATÓ Hungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the Hungarian feminine given name KATALIN.
KATŌ Japanese
From Japanese (ka) meaning "add, increase" and () meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
KATONA Hungarian
Means "soldier" in Hungarian.
KATOU Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 加藤 (see KATŌ).
KATSAROS Greek
Means "curly" in Greek, referring to a person with curly hair.
KATZ Jewish
Derived from Hebrew כֹּהֵן צֶדֶק (kohen tzedek) meaning "priest of justice", indicating a descendant of Aaron.
KAUBE German
From the name of the town of Kaub in Germany.
KÄUFER German
Variant of KAUFER.
KAUFER German
Means "trader" in German.
KAUFMANN German, Jewish
Means "trader, merchant" in German.
KAUR Indian (Sikh)
Means "princess", ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari) meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur and all males Singh. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
KAVALIAUSKAS Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of KOWALSKI.
KAVALIOŬ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Кавалёў (see KAVALYOW).
KAVALYOW Belarusian
Patronymic from Belarusian каваль (kaval') meaning "blacksmith".
KAVANAGH Irish
Derived from the Irish Gaelic name Caomhánach, which means "a student of saint CAOMHÁN". It was the name used by a 12th-century king of Leinster, Domhnall Caomhánach, the eldest son of the historic Irish king Diarmait Mac Murchada.
KAWA Polish
Derived from Polish kawka "jackdaw".
KAWAGUCHI Japanese
Means "mouth of the river", from Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (kuchi) meaning "mouth, entrance".
KAWAKAMI Japanese
From Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (kami) meaning "above, top, upper".
KAWASAKI Japanese
From Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
KAY (1) English
Derived from the given name KAY (2).
KAY (2) English
Derived from Old French kay meaning "wharf, quay", indicating one who lived near or worked on a wharf.
KAYODE Western African, Yoruba
From the given name KAYODE.
KAZAMA Japanese
From Japanese (kaza) meaning "wind, style" and (ma) meaning "among, between".
KAZLAUSKAS Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of KOZŁOWSKI. This is the most common surname in Lithuania.
KAZLOŬ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Казлоў (see KAZLOW).
KAZLOW Belarusian
Patronymic from Belarusian казёл (kaziol) meaning "male goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
KEARNEY Irish
From the Irish name Ó Ceithearnaigh meaning "descendant of Ceithearnach", a given name meaning "warrior".
KECSKEMÉTI Hungarian
Originally indicated a person who came from the Hungarian city of Kecskemét, derived from kecske meaning "goat".
KEDVES Hungarian
Means "nice, kind" in Hungarian.
KĘDZIERSKI Polish
From a nickname meaning "curly", describing a person with curly hair.
KEEFE Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Caoimh meaning "descendant of CAOMH".
KEEGAN Irish
From Irish Mac Aodhagáin meaning "descendant of Aodhagán". The given name Aodhagán is a double diminutive of AODH.
KEEN English
From Old English cene meaning "bold, brave".
KEIGHLEY English
Derived from an English place name meaning "clearing belonging to Cyhha". The Old English given name Cyhha is of unknown meaning.
KEIL German
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
KEIR Scottish
Variant of KERR.
KEITH Scottish
From a place name that is probably derived from the Brythonic element cet meaning "wood". This was the surname of a long line of Scottish nobles.
KELEMEN Hungarian
Derived from the given name KELEMEN.
KELLER German
Means "cellar" in German, an occupational name for one in charge of the food and drink.
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